OneVike
Since Feb 20, 1998

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I've been a Freeper since Feb 1998. If you would like to read more of what I have written, then please follow me at my blog, The Reason For My Faith.
I do use my profile page for articles I write from time to time, but since the system changed servers, it has been difficult to edit my profile. So I ceased doing
so. What I have hear will be as you see. I will from time to time post an article here, but not my Christian Commentaries any longer. I will post them in full to
FR, but not to my profile page, I'll keep this for my political views from now on. I have added articles I have written in the past 22 years, and they will stay, but
new ones will only be posted to my blog, unless I share it in the Forum.



Lest we forget:
Alphabetical List of people killed on 9/11









Click on image above to see video

I want to share a short video of my brother in Bangladesh doing the Lord's work. He travels many miles to teach and distribute Bibles and other items
Bibles and other items our Lord has gifted him. You must understand that while we are worried about being persecuted for our faith in the United States,
in Billo's country, Christians are already being persecuted. Billo lives in a predominantly Muslim country who's government is not friendly to Christians.
Yet, he still goes out daily to spread the Gospel and teach Bible classes to orphans. I am convinced that one day Billo will hear Christ say,
"Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord."

(Matthew 25:21)

We must all pray to know what our gift is, then go out and use it as God intended us to do. For if we do not do our part, then the church as a whole suffers.
Like our own human body that has parts that work together for our benefit, God gives us each a gift that is meant to benefit the whole body of the church.
If our hand refuses to help us, then our whole human body can suffer. Well so too, if we as brothers and sisters of the same body of Christ refuse to use
our gifts to help the whole body, then the whole body of Christ can suffer. Paul tells us in Romans,

"We, being many, are one body in Christ, and individually members of one another. Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us,
let us use them: if prophecy, let us prophesy in proportion to our faith; or ministry, let us use it in our ministering; he who teaches, in teaching; he who
exhorts, in exhortation; he who gives, with liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness. Let love be without hypocrisy.
Abhor what is evil. Cling to what is good. Be kindly affectionate to one another with brotherly love, in honor giving preference to one another; not lagging
in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord; rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation, continuing steadfastly in prayer; distributing to the needs of the
saints, given to hospitality."
(Romans 12:5-13)

Understand that Jesus asks each and everyone of us,

“But why do you call Me ‘Lord, Lord,’ and not do the things which I say? Whoever comes to Me, and hears My sayings and does them, I will show you
whom he is like: He is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock. And when the flood arose, the stream beat
vehemently against that house, and could not shake it, for it was founded on the rock. But he who heard and did nothing is like a man who built a house on
the earth without a foundation, against which the stream beat vehemently; and immediately it fell. And the ruin of that house was great.”
(Luke 6:46-49)

Becoming a missionary isn’t like becoming an accountant. God sets apart missionaries in a unique, providential way—a “calling,” if you prefer. If the Gospel
is the heart of the church that keeps the lifeblood flowing to its members, then missionaries are the vascular system, running that lifeblood to every organ,
every appendage, every inch of skin in the world. A beating heart means nothing without the rest of the vascular system. Paul tells us;

"How then will they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how are they to believe in him of whom they have never heard? And how are they to
hear without someone preaching?”

(Romans 10:14)

We should all be diligent to read the Scriptures daily and faithfully, but we should also pray for the Lord's will in our lives. Each and everyone of us should
pray for God to reveal our gift, then pray for the guidance to use that gift to help His church grow. Do not be like the one who buried his talent, who
was then told by our Lord,

"You wicked and lazy servant, you knew that I reap where I have not sown, and gather where I have not scattered seed. So you ought to have deposited
my money with the bankers, and at my coming I would have received back my own with interest. So take the talent from him, and give it to him who has
ten talents. For to everyone who has, more will be given, and he will have abundance; but from him who does not have, even what he has will be taken
away. And cast the unprofitable servant into the outer darkness. There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth."

(Matthew 25:26-30)

Use the talent given to you by our Lord to do as He wants you to do. Then one day, instead of gnashing your teeth, you will be blessed when you hear the
same words I am convinced my brother in Bangladesh will one day hear,
"Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful over
a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord."

(Matthew 25:21)

Being A Watchman For Christ

by Chuck Ness

Up until the 19th century, cities often stationed watchmen on high walls or in watchtowers to keep guard. Their job was to keep an eye out for the enemy, by watching out over the horizon from their vantage point. They were the ones who warned the people of any apparent dangers. If they saw any sign of an attack, they would alert the people with a trumpet blast, or ringing a bell. However, if they failed to properly warn the people, by falling asleep or just being unaware, then the city could be attacked without the citizens being prepared to defend themselves. If they were ever caught sleeping on the job, their punishment was death.

You're probably wondering why this matters to Christians. Well, there is an Old Testament warning from God to Ezekiel that should also be taken as a warning to us Christians. (Ezekiel 33:1-20) A warning that we must heed, in order that we can truly understand the importance of being Christ's messenger in the World. I posted the Scripture at the end of the commentary.

The World we live in today is similar to that of the time after Constantine legalized Christianity. Constantine had defeated his enemies, and reigned as the sole Emperor of Rome. His first order of business was to legalize Christianity. Soon, becoming a Christian was the thing to do, and so many citizens of the Empire started identifying themselves as Christian, that it became impossible to distinguish between the true believers of the time and those who went along to get along.

It also became difficult to distinguish between the true teachers of the Gospel and the false teachers. Today, like then, it's almost impossible to distinguish between who is and who is not a true Christian, and there are so many false doctrines being taught, that we cannot be assured our friends and relatives are receiving the truth, or poison. Paul warned of times like this in his letter to the Colossians;

Beware lest anyone cheat you through philosophy and empty deceit, according to the tradition of men, according to the basic principles of the world, and not according to Christ. For in Him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily; and you are complete in Him, who is the head of all principality and power. Colosians 2:8-10

How many times have you looked out your window, or have been out in front of your house and witnessed a couple of Mormons, or Jehovah Witness's walking around knocking on doors in your neighborhood to spread false teachings of the Gospel? What do you do? Do you just ignore it, because after all, it's none of your business what they are peddling? Now what if they were instead selling drugs, would you still ignore them? After all, it's none of your business. Right?

Wrong! Just as it's your responsibility to protect your neighborhood from drug dealers, it's your Christian responsibility to stop false Biblical doctrine from being shared with your family, friends, and neighbors. Dear brothers and sister we are charged, by no less than Christ himself, to defend the faith and protect others from being taught false doctrines. Can you ever envision Peter, John, or Paul walking by and ignoring a Gnostic heretic who may be sharing a falsehood about Christ?

Since Christ died, hundreds of millions of Christians have faced beatings and imprisonment for sharing the Good News of Salvation. Every disciple of Christ, other than John, died for the Gospel and for defending the truth. Sadly, in today's World, I see Christians constantly turning a blind eye, and literally walking away while allowing false teachers to fill people with lies that will lead them to hell and eternal damnation. We are told that we will be hated for His namesake, but that is not a command to shirk our responsibility, so that we will not be persecuted.

Which brings me back the Old Testament lesson we as Christians need to be aware of. At the end of this post, I suggest you read the Scripture from Ezekiel 33:1-20. It begins with a parable from God, then continues with a message to Ezekiel as to what the parable means. It get's right to the heart of my commentary about being a Watchman for Christ.

God told Ezekial that he was the Watchman for God's people. Thus he was responsible, as a Prophet, to tell and warn the people of what God wants them to know. If Ezekiel failed to share the message, then God tells Ezekiel that he would be just as guilty of the sins committed as the ones who sinned, since he failed to warn them of God's intentions. This is a lesson for us as Christians also. We are His watchmen. It is our responsibility to warn the people of danger. As God's chosen, we all have a command from our Lord Jesus Christ. He specifically tells us to share the Gospel and teach the truth. It's called the Great Commission

“Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, “teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” (Matthew 28:19-20)

The warning is that we are all sinners, and in danger of damnation in hell. It is our job as Christians to share the truth that sin will lead them to eternal separation from God in hell. It's also our duty to share with them the only way they can avoid hell, and that's by repenting of their sins and giving their life to Christ. If we, as His watchman, fail to share the Gospel with people we meet, and they end up in hell from their sins, then we share the responsibility for them rejecting Christ. Just as the watchman was responsible for the city being attacked and destroyed, so too are we responsible if we fail to follow Christ' command of the Great Commission.

We cannot assume that someone else will come by and share the Gospel with people we meet. What if you meet a person in the park while walking your dog. You strike up a conversation about the dogs, yet you never bring up the Gospel. What if that person never heard of Jesus, or never knew about the true story about Him? Now imagine if that person is walking home from the park, and while crossing the street a drunk driver runs a red light hitting the guy. Then as he lies there unconscious, he dies of his injuries, never to have heard of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.  Like it or not, you being the watchman, failed to warn him of the danger of sin and the assurance he could have had. You are partly responsible for him spending eternity in hell. God put you in the park with him, because God knew his time was short, and you failed at your mission.

I know this is an extreme situation, in that we cannot know if God would do that. Especially knowing God is omniscient, and thus He would know ahead of time that you would fail to do what the Holy Spirit had led you to do. However, when you consider the importance of sharing the Gospel with strangers while the opportunity presents itself, you can see why this scenario is vey possible. Paul tells us in his epistle to the Romans how God uses us to spread the Gospel. It is our #1 job as a follower of Christ. Nothing comes before it.

How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher? And how shall they preach unless they are sent? As it is written:

“How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the gospel of peace, Who bring glad tidings of good things!” (Romans 10:14-15)

God uses us to reach the lost. Now just as we cannot fail to share the Gospel, neither can we allow others to fall for the lies from Jehovah Witness, Mormons, or any other cult members that may be walking around your neighborhood selling spiritual poison. A watchman must be alert at all times, because you never know when the enemy will attack those around you, and maybe, just maybe you will save a soul who could be just minutes away from an eternal separation from God.

I pray those who have ears to hear will, hear His voice and call upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. Amen

Ezekiel 33:1-20

The Parable

Again the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,

"Son of man, speak to the children of thy people, and say unto them, When I bring the sword upon a land, if the people of the land take a man of their coasts, and set him for their watchman: If when he seeth the sword come upon the land, he blow the trumpet, and warn the people; Then whosoever heareth the sound of the trumpet, and taketh not warning; if the sword come, and take him away, his blood shall be upon his own head. He heard the sound of the trumpet, and took not warning; his blood shall be upon him. But he that taketh warning shall deliver his soul. But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword come, and take any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman's hand." (Ezekiel 33:1-20)


God's instruction to Ezekiel

So thou, O son of man, I have set thee a watchman unto the house of Israel; therefore thou shalt hear the word at my mouth, and warn them from me. When I say unto the wicked, O wicked man, thou shalt surely die; if thou dost not speak to warn the wicked from his way, that wicked man shall die in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at thine hand. Nevertheless, if thou warn the wicked of his way to turn from it; if he do not turn from his way, he shall die in his iniquity; but thou hast delivered thy soul.

Therefore, O thou son of man, speak unto the house of Israel; Thus ye speak, saying, If our transgressions and our sins be upon us, and we pine away in them, how should we then live? Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?

Therefore, thou son of man, say unto the children of thy people, The righteousness of the righteous shall not deliver him in the day of his transgression: as for the wickedness of the wicked, he shall not fall thereby in the day that he turneth from his wickedness; neither shall the righteous be able to live for his righteousness in the day that he sinneth. When I shall say to the righteous, that he shall surely live; if he trust to his own righteousness, and commit iniquity, all his righteousnesses shall not be remembered; but for his iniquity that he hath committed, he shall die for it.

Again, when I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die; if he turn from his sin, and do that which is lawful and right; If the wicked restore the pledge, give again that he had robbed, walk in the statutes of life, without committing iniquity; he shall surely live, he shall not die. None of his sins that he hath committed shall be mentioned unto him: he hath done that which is lawful and right; he shall surely live.

Yet the children of thy people say, The way of the Lord is not equal: but as for them, their way is not equal. When the righteous turneth from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, he shall even die thereby. But if the wicked turn from his wickedness, and do that which is lawful and right, he shall live thereby. Yet ye say, The way of the Lord is not equal. O ye house of Israel, I will judge you every one after his ways.(Ezekiel 33:7-20)



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Throughout the history of the World, there are times when certain
generations are given, by GOD, the power to decide the fate of the
future. Today, we as a people have been chosen by GOD to decide
if future generations will be free, or slaves.

The 2020 election gives you the choice of Democracy vs Socialism
Choose wisely


Daisy Duke Ness & Jasmine Jade Ness
My beautiful German Shepherds
As puppies and on their 1st birthday January 7, 2016





Here is a simple prayer for fasting.

I did not write it, but I share it, because it is a good one. Add whatever you feel the Holy Spirit leads you to.

Lord, As I enter into this time of fasting, I invite you in. Come into my heart, come into my mind, renew me in new ways. You are my Lord, King and Savior. You are perfect, you are beautiful and good. Lord, I am not those things. I confess that I am sinful, that I am ugly in my sin and without you, I am lost. Forgive me Lord for the ways I have not put you first, forgive me for not letting you reign over me.

Lord, this is what this time of fasting is all about, to take me off of the throne of my own life and to put you on the throne instead. I know I will be hungry for food, I pray as I am hungry that you would satisfy me with your Word. I know I will be tired, I pray as I am tired that you would strengthen me. Sustain me in your grace, Father. For every hunger pang I experience, direct my gaze not down to my belly but up to you. For I know that I cannot live on bread alone, but every Word from you.

Help me enter this time of fasting and prayer with a heart of joy and a mouth that praises your goodness. Give me all the benefits of this spiritual discipline and keep me humble. Thank you Lord for your great, unending, all consuming love for me. I love you, Father. Amen.



President Donald John Trump & Family
45th President of the United States
Proud of my country again.





About Me

The price of liberty is eternal vigilance?

What Is A Militia?

States & Countries I have visited

Me & My Wife's Baptism

My Tribute to 911

911 Images the MSM Refuses to Show

Lest we forget:
Alphabetical List of people killed on 9/11


We Were All Created With
An Addictive Gene


Book of Proverbs
&
Introduction Commentary


Some cute gifs

A Martin Luther King Quote



Activities Outlawed By Islam &
Punishable By Death


Child Brides of Adult Muslim Men

Muhammad's 9 Year-Old Child Bride

Proof Obama is a Muslim

Obama Quotes praising Islam

Christian Apologetical, &
Bible Commentaries


Links to mp3 Audio Sermons
I Shared With The Residents of
Windchime Retirement Center
in Chico CA


Articles on Current Events

Misc Human Interest Articles

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Hi, Welcome To My Freeper Profile Page.



I obviously use OneVike as my profile name, but my name is Chuck Ness, and I have been a member of FreeRepublic since the days when Lucianne Goldberg was still a member. This was a few years before the night of the longnives when Jim and Luciane had a falling out over the direction of Free Republic. Lucianne decided to take her ideas and a few close Freeper FRiends and began her site, Lucianne.com. I offer this info just to let anyone who cares, know that I am one of the few long time FReepers that has lasted through the many cullings that have taken place here.

Through the many years I have seen many friends come and go. Some are, and were, famous. Most however are like myself, just another jackass with an opinion. I have stayed through the years, because Free Republic is the one place on the internet that has more people whom I agree with than anyplace else. This is not to say that I agree with everything said, nor that everyone agrees with me. However we all agree on most things. My profile page is an ever changing place that I add and remove things at a whim that just come over me at times.

More about who I am and what I believe


I am a born again Christian who enjoys talking religion and politics. I have always believed that it is the Christian's obligation to understand the workings of our government as well as they do the precepts of God. Jesus tells us,
"Be wise as serpents and harmless as doves" (Mark 10:16)
It is with this understanding that I approach life, I guess that is why I consider it every Christian's duty to understand the world we live in. If we pray for wisdom, God will grant us the knowledge we need to know the truth. Then we will be able to properly rule the world we live in. Unfortunately we are often times ruled by evil men who despise God. These men think they have gained the knowledge needed to rule us, but they lack the wisdom needed to use that knowledge properly. Thus they have been educated beyond their intelligence. Solomon tells us,
The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom, And the knowledge of the Holy One is understanding. Proverbs 9:10
So with no knowledge of the Holy One, they cannot discern what is right or wrong, what is good or bad. Our founding fathers understood the need to know the Holy One, and they gave Him credit for our independence. They wrote our Constitution with His precepts in mind. They also understood that men needed to be educated if they were going to rule themselves. Madison is quoted as telling his fellow Americans,
Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who mean to be their own governors, must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives.
So it is with this understanding that I feel it to be incumbent upon me to share with others that which He has blessed me with. Silver and gold I do not have, but what I do have I give you.


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"The price of liberty is eternal vigilance"
Thomas Jefferson

History records that when Benjamin Franklin walked out the doors of Independence
Hall at the end of the 1787 Constitutional Convention, A woman asked him a question.


“Well, Doctor, what have we got, a Republic or a Monarchy?”

Benjamin replied,

"A Republic my dear. If you can keep it."

The quotes above tells us how important it is to educate ourselves, and our children, so that we will understand the power
the Constitution gives us, the people. By understanding our rights and the governments limits, we will have the knowledge
to fight against political heresy. Sadly, way too many Americans have never read it, and so they only know what others have
told them it means. This is why so many are willing to give away their constitutional rights to the government. Thus, the
government now has more power than it was intended to have.

Many Americans just don't understand the gift our Founding Fathers gave us when they wrote the Constitution. After the
Bible and the Magna Carta, the US Constitution is most powerful document in the history of mankind. To keep it from being
shredded any more than it already is, we need to convince those who think like us, to vote each and every time there is an
election. If we fail, then our freedom will one day be lost. Never forget, that if Hillary Clinton had won the election in
2016, the United States as we know it would be over. We would have lost everything our Founding Fathers fought and died
for. I thank God every day I wake up, when I say grace with my meals, and when I go to bed, that Donald Trump is our
President. He has his faults, and he has and will again make mistakes, but not since the great Ronald Reagan have we
had a true man of the people in the Oval Office.

Yet, even though God blessed America to have Trump as our President, you can see how destructive and invasive, diseases
like Socialism/Communism/Fascism have become in our government. The cancer of the "Deep State" will stop at nothing
to keep the power they spent over a quarter of a century amassing. Since Renaldo Maximus left office in 1989, we have had 4
Presidents who have whittled away our Constitutional rights. The United States will not survive another 28 years of leaders who
have "One World Order" mentalities.

That's why our President needs our help. We must do all we can, to defend and support him as he battles the Deep
State. He needs 8 years, and even then it will take another like minded individual to follow in his footsteps, so that
we will have a chance to keep that which our Founding Fathers fought and died for. Mind you, the very freedom of our
children depends upon our eternal vigilance. We must also be sure that when we are gone, our children are also vigilant.

What happened on September 11, 2001 will happen again and again, if we do not stay vigilant. If we fail to teach our
children who is responsible and why it happened, then they will suffer even more than we have. The sad truth about who was
responsible 911, is that it was Bill Clinton. In order to keep Bill and Hillary from being convicted in Whitewater. In 1995
Bill Clinton had his Deputy Attorney General, Jamie Gorelick, create a wall of separation that kept the CIA and the FBI from
comparing notes and therefore invading the privacy of nice young men like, say, Muhammed Atta and Zacarius Moussaoui. While
countless problems were uncovered in our intelligence operations in the wake of 9-11, no single factor comes close to in
importance to Jamie Gorelick's wall. we knew the attack was eminent, but the FBI never got the information from the CIA, and
so 911 was allowed to happen.
This and many other reasons that are detrimental to all Americans is why we must never allow our selves to become
complacent. We need to vote this November and every November when election time comes to stop the left from ever
getting power again.

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States & Countries I have visited

Create your own visited map of America & the World


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The day my wife and I got baptized in 2005. My wife hadn't ever been baptized. So I agreed
to carry her into the pool since she is unable to walk. She has been a paraplegic since 1987
when we were passengers in a car that went of a hill. So I got baptized a second time with her.


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We must never forget,
Everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was
legal; and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was illegal!
"Martin Luther King, Jr."


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My Tribute To The Memory Of 911

(It isn't islamophobia when they really do want to kill us!)

Liberty


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911 Images the MSM Refuses to Show


NEVER EVER FORGET WHO DID THIS!

It has been nine years since the cowardly, murdering Muslims attacked America, taking over 3,000 innocent lives.

The woman who is now the First Lady, Michelle Obama, has an open letter on the White House site reminding us all that September 11th is a "National Day Of Service". Obama means to erase the meaning of the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks from the American psyche and convert Sept. 11 into a day of leftist celebration and statist idolatry, and an "Interfaith Day of Service".

The Pretender In Chief cannot have Americans remembering what really happened on 9-11-01. As a Muslim he must defuse any potential threat to his true religion and denigrate the sacrifices of those who were murdered by his brother Muslims on that tragic day.

We must not ever allow Americans to forget what happened. Every "moderate" Muslim is a potential terrorist. The belief in Islam is like a tank of gasoline. It looks innocuous, until it meets the fire. For a "moderate" Muslim to become a murderous jihadist, all it takes is a spark of faith.  Dr. Ali Sina, an ex Muslim, is an authority on Islam who writes about Exposing the myth of the moderate Muslim.



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Lest we forget: List of people killed on 9/11

A

Gordon M. Aamoth, Jr. S-49 Edelmiro Abad S-40 Marie Rose Abad S-34 Andrew Anthony Abate N-57 Vincent Paul Abate N-57 Laurence Christopher Abel N-32 Alona Abraham S-4 William F. Abrahamson N-7 Richard Anthony Aceto N-4 Heinrich Bernhard Ackermann S-55 Paul Acquaviva N-37 Christian Adams S-68 Donald LaRoy Adams N-55 Patrick Adams S-45 Shannon Lewis Adams N-49 Stephen George Adams N-70 Ignatius Udo Adanga N-71 Christy A. Addamo N-8 Terence Edward Adderley, Jr. N-58 Sophia B. Addo N-68 Lee Adler N-37 Daniel Thomas Afflitto N-25 Emmanuel Akwasi Afuakwah N-71 Alok Agarwal N-36 Mukul Kumar Agarwala S-43 Joseph Agnello S-11 David Scott Agnes N-47 Joao Alberto da Fonseca Aguiar, Jr. S-34 Brian G. Ahearn S-13 Jeremiah Joseph Ahern S-47 Joanne Marie Ahladiotis N-37 Shabbir Ahmed N-70 Terrance Andre Aiken N-17 Godwin O. Ajala S-65 Trudi M. Alagero N-5 Andrew Alameno N-52 Margaret Ann Alario S-63 Gary M. Albero S-63 Jon Leslie Albert N-7 Peter Craig Alderman N-21 Jacquelyn Delaine Aldridge- Frederick N-10 David D. Alger N-59 Ernest Alikakos S-47 Edward L. Allegretto N-40 Eric Allen S-21 Joseph Ryan Allen N-41 Richard Dennis Allen S-21 Richard L. Allen N-19 Christopher E. Allingham N-42 Anna S. W. Allison N-2 Janet Marie Alonso N-5 Anthony Alvarado N-23 Antonio Javier Alvarez N-70 Victoria Alvarez-Brito N-8 Telmo E. Alvear N-71 Cesar Amoranto Alviar N-16 Tariq Amanullah S-42 Angelo Amaranto N-64 James M. Amato S-7 Joseph Amatuccio S-24 Paul W. Ambrose S-70 Christopher Charles Amoroso S-28 Craig Scott Amundson S-74 Kazuhiro Anai N-63 Calixto Anaya, Jr. S-21 Joseph P. Anchundia S-52 Kermit Charles Anderson N-9 Yvette Constance Anderson S-48 John Jack Andreacchio S-44 Michael Rourke Andrews N-53 Jean Ann Andrucki N-66 Siew-Nya Ang N-5 Joseph Angelini, Sr. S-9 Joseph John Angelini, Jr. S-9 David Lawrence Angell N-1 Mary Lynn Edwards Angell N-1 Laura Angilletta N-32 Doreen J. Angrisani N-15 Lorraine Antigua N-53 Seima David Aoyama N-2 Peter Paul Apollo N-26 Faustino Apostol, Jr. S-6 Frank Thomas Aquilino N-39 Patrick Michael Aranyos S-30 David Gregory Arce S-13 Michael George Arczynski S-54 Louis Arena S-5 Barbara Jean Arestegui N-74 Adam P. Arias S-31 Michael J. Armstrong N-43 Jack Charles Aron N-4 Joshua Todd Aron N-42 Richard Avery Aronow N-66 Myra Joy Aronson N-74 Japhet Jesse Aryee S-48 Carl Francis Asaro S-10 Michael A. Asciak N-63 Michael Edward Asher N-36 Janice Marie Ashley N-58 Thomas J. Ashton N-19 Manuel O. Asitimbay N-68 Gregg A. Atlas S-5 Gerald Thomas Atwood S-11 James Audiffred N-64 Louis F. Aversano, Jr. S-58 Ezra Aviles N-65 Sandy Ayala N-70

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B

Arlene T. Babakitis N-66 Eustace R. Bacchus N-71 John J. Badagliacca N-52 Jane Ellen Baeszler N-43 Robert J. Baierwalter S-63 Andrew J. Bailey N-12 Brett T. Bailey S-31 Garnet Ace Bailey S-3 Tatyana Bakalinskaya N-17 Michael S. Baksh N-16 Sharon M. Balkcom N-7 Michael Andrew Bane N-14 Katherine Bantis N-12 Gerard Baptiste S-14 Walter Baran S-40 Gerard A. Barbara S-18 Paul Vincent Barbaro N-36 James William Barbella S-26 Victor Daniel Barbosa S-37 Christine Johnna Barbuto N-1 Colleen Ann Barkow N-32 David Michael Barkway N-42 Matthew Barnes S-21 Melissa Rose Barnes S-72 Sheila Patricia Barnes S-58 Evan Jay Baron N-60 Renee Barrett-Arjune N-48 Arthur Thaddeus Barry S-20 Diane G. Barry S-56 Maurice Vincent Barry S-28 Scott D. Bart N-9 Carlton W. Bartels N-50 Guy Barzvi N-48 Inna B. Basina N-48 Alysia Christine Burton Basmajian N-47 Kenneth William Basnicki N-21 Steven Joseph Bates S-6 Paul James Battaglia N-4 W. David Bauer N-37 Ivhan Luis Carpio Bautista N-69 Marlyn Capito Bautista N-6 Mark Lawrence Bavis S-3 Jasper Baxter S-45 Lorraine G. Bay S-67 Michele Beale N-20 Todd M. Beamer S-68 Paul Frederick Beatini S-63 Jane S. Beatty N-9 Alan Anthony Beaven S-67 Lawrence Ira Beck N-31 Manette Marie Beckles S-42 Carl John Bedigian S-21 Michael Ernest Beekman S-48 Maria A. Behr N-27 Max J. Beilke S-1 Yelena Belilovsky N-61 Nina Patrice Bell N-8 Debbie S. Bellows N-37 Stephen Elliot Belson S-17 Paul M. Benedetti S-62 Denise Lenore Benedetto S-60 Bryan Craig Bennett N-55 Eric L. Bennett N-65 Oliver Bennett N-20 Margaret L. Benson N-66 Dominick J. Berardi N-31 James Patrick Berger S-56 Steven Howard Berger S-48 John P. Bergin S-6 Alvin Bergsohn N-25 Daniel David Bergstein N-66 Graham Andrew Berkeley S-3 Michael J. Berkeley N-67 Donna M. Bernaerts N-16 David W. Bernard S-66 William H. Bernstein N-56 David M. Berray N-20 David Shelby Berry S-36 Joseph John Berry S-36 William Reed Bethke N-10 Yeneneh Betru S-69 Timothy D. Betterly N-41 Carolyn Mayer Beug N-1 Edward Frank Beyea N-65 Paul Michael Beyer S-14 Anil Tahilram Bharvaney N-22 Bella J. Bhukhan N-49 Shimmy D. Biegeleisen S-42 Peter Alexander Bielfeld S-18 William G. Biggart S-66 Brian Eugene Bilcher S-14 Mark Bingham S-67 Carl Vincent Bini S-6 Gary Eugene Bird N-13 Joshua David Birnbaum N-42 George John Bishop S-59 Kris Romeo Bishundat S-72 Jeffrey Donald Bittner S-35 Albert Balewa Blackman, Jr. N-48 Christopher Joseph Blackwell S-15 Carrie Rosetta Blagburn S-1 Susan Leigh Blair S-56 Harry Blanding, Jr. S-62 Janice Lee Blaney N-16 Craig Michael Blass N-28 Rita Blau S-41 Richard Middleton Blood, Jr. S-62 Michael Andrew Boccardi N-59 John Paul Bocchi N-46 Michael L. Bocchino S-19 Susan M. Bochino S-62 Deora Frances Bodley S-68 Bruce Douglas Boehm N-41 Mary Catherine Murphy Boffa N-3 Nicholas Andrew Bogdan N-13 Darren Christopher Bohan S-56 Lawrence Francis Boisseau S-23 Vincent M. Boland, Jr. N-10 Touri Hamzavi Bolourchi S-4 Alan Bondarenko S-65 Andre Bonheur, Jr. N-58 Colin Arthur Bonnett N-14 Frank J. Bonomo S-12 Yvonne Lucia Bonomo N-18 Sean Booker, Sr. N-19 Kelly Ann Booms N-1 Canfield D. Boone S-74 Mary Jane Booth S-69 Sherry Ann Bordeaux S-42 Krystine Bordenabe S-34 Jerry J. Borg S-66 Martin Michael Boryczewski N-26 Richard Edward Bosco N-58 Klaus Bothe S-3 Carol Marie Bouchard N-75 J. Howard Boulton S-31 Francisco Eligio Bourdier S-38 Thomas Harold Bowden, Jr. N-26 Donna M. Bowen S-75 Kimberly S. Bowers N-36 Veronique Nicole Bowers N-70 Larry Bowman S-65 Shawn Edward Bowman, Jr. N-49 Kevin L. Bowser N-16 Gary R. Box S-6 Gennady Boyarsky N-18 Pamela Boyce N-58 Allen P. Boyle S-73 Michael Boyle S-13 Alfred J. Braca N-41 Sandra Conaty Brace N-18 Kevin Hugh Bracken S-15 Sandy Waugh Bradshaw S-67 David Brian Brady N-22 Alexander Braginsky N-22 Nicholas W. Brandemarti S-33 Daniel Raymond Brandhorst S-4 David Reed Gamboa Brandhorst S-4 Michelle Renee Bratton N-34 Patrice Braut N-10 Lydia Estelle Bravo N-11 Ronald Michael Breitweiser S-42 Edward A. Brennan III N-53 Frank H. Brennan N-55 Michael E. Brennan S-10 Peter Brennan S-8 Thomas More Brennan S-52 Daniel J. Brethel S-17 Gary Lee Bright S-64 Jonathan Eric Briley N-68 Mark A. Brisman S-45 Paul Gary Bristow N-20 Marion R. Britton S-67 Mark Francis Broderick N-28 Herman Charles Broghammer S-58 Keith A. Broomfield N-64 Bernard C. Brown II S-70 Janice Juloise Brown N-11 Lloyd Stanford Brown N-29 Patrick John Brown S-8 Bettina B. Browne-Radburn S-61 Mark Bruce S-52 Richard George Bruehert N-5 Andrew Brunn S-6 Vincent Edward Brunton S-20 Ronald Bucca S-14 Brandon J. Buchanan N-29 Greg J. Buck S-12 Dennis Buckley N-43 Nancy Clare Bueche S-61 Patrick Joseph Buhse N-53 John Edward Bulaga, Jr. N-34 Stephen Bruce Bunin N-37 Christopher L. Burford S-71 Matthew J. Burke N-29 Thomas Daniel Burke N-54 William Francis Burke, Jr. S-18 Charles F. Burlingame III S-69 Thomas E. Burnett, Jr. S-68 Donald J. Burns S-18 Kathleen Anne Burns S-43 Keith James Burns N-28 John Patrick Burnside S-12 Irina Buslo S-44 Milton G. Bustillo N-34 Thomas M. Butler S-7 Patrick Dennis Byrne S-8 Timothy G. Byrne S-50

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C

Daniel M. Caballero S-72 Jesus Neptali Cabezas N-68 Lillian Caceres N-4 Brian Joseph Cachia N-34 Steven Dennis Cafiero, Jr. S-55 Richard Michael Caggiano N-26 Cecile Marella Caguicla N-7 John Brett Cahill S-3 Michael John Cahill N-11 Scott Walter Cahill N-42 Thomas Joseph Cahill N-40 George C. Cain S-20 Salvatore B. Calabro S-8 Joseph M. Calandrillo N-18 Philip V. Calcagno N-15 Edward Calderon S-26 Jose O. Calderon-Olmedo S-74 Kenneth Marcus Caldwell N-65 Dominick E. Calia N-43 Felix Bobby Calixte N-73 Francis Joseph Callahan S-17 Liam Callahan S-29 Suzanne M. Calley S-71 Gino Luigi Calvi N-51 Roko Camaj S-37 Michael F. Cammarata S-15 David Otey Campbell S-34 Geoffrey Thomas Campbell N-22 Robert Arthur Campbell S-44 Sandra Patricia Campbell N-37 Sean Thomas Canavan S-64 John A. Candela N-26 Vincent A. Cangelosi N-41 Stephen J. Cangialosi N-43 Lisa Bella Cannava N-58 Brian Cannizzaro S-8 Michael R. Canty N-61 Louis Anthony Caporicci N-53 Jonathan Neff Cappello N-52 James Christopher Cappers N-15 Richard Michael Caproni N-10 Jose Manuel Cardona N-62 Dennis M. Carey, Sr. S-7 Edward Carlino N-11 Michael Scott Carlo S-12 David G. Carlone S-63 Rosemarie C. Carlson N-67 Mark Stephen Carney N-65 Joyce Ann Carpeneto N-72 Jeremy Caz Carrington N-45 Michael T. Carroll S-8 Peter J. Carroll S-6 James Joseph Carson, Jr. N-35 Christoffer Mikael Carstanjen S-3 Angelene C. Carter S-76 James Marcel Cartier S-64 Sharon Ann Carver S-1 Vivian Casalduc N-65 John Francis Casazza N-52 Paul Regan Cascio S-30 Neilie Anne Heffernan Casey N-75 William Joseph Cashman S-68 Thomas Anthony Casoria S-18 William Otto Caspar N-13 Alejandro Castaño S-38 Arcelia Castillo N-5 Leonard M. Castrianno N-44 Jose Ramon Castro N-23 William E. Caswell S-70 Richard G. Catarelli N-9 Christopher Sean Caton N-54 Robert John Caufield N-19 Mary Teresa Caulfield N-9 Judson Cavalier S-52 Michael Joseph Cawley S-11 Jason David Cayne N-43 Juan Armando Ceballos S-37 Marcia G. Cecil-Carter N-63 Jason Michael Cefalu N-56 Thomas Joseph Celic N-12 Ana Mercedes Centeno N-14 Joni Cesta S-38 John J. Chada S-1 Jeffrey Marc Chairnoff S-51 Swarna Chalasani S-42 William A. Chalcoff N-16 Eli Chalouh S-48 Charles Lawrence Chan N-44 Mandy Chang S-44 Rosa Maria Chapa S-71 Mark Lawrence Charette N-4 David M. Charlebois S-69 Gregorio Manuel Chavez N-70 Pedro Francisco Checo S-39 Douglas MacMillan Cherry S-60 Stephen Patrick Cherry N-26 Vernon Paul Cherry S-11 Nestor Julio Chevalier, Jr. N-33 Swede Joseph Chevalier N-28 Alexander H. Chiang N-10 Dorothy J. Chiarchiaro N-58 Luis Alfonso Chimbo N-70 Robert Chin S-39 Eddie Wing-Wai Ching N-23 Nicholas Paul Chiofalo S-7 John G. Chipura S-21 Peter A. Chirchirillo N-5 Catherine Ellen Chirls N-55 Kyung Hee Casey Cho N-14 Abul K. Chowdhury N-36 Mohammad Salahuddin Chowdhury N-67 Kirsten Lail Christophe S-54 Pamela Chu N-29 Steven Paul Chucknick S-31 Wai Ching Chung S-53 Christopher Ciafardini N-60 Alex F. Ciccone N-8 Frances Ann Cilente N-37 Elaine Cillo N-6 Patricia Ann Cimaroli Massari and her unborn child N-11 Edna Cintron N-12 Nestor Andre Cintron III N-44 Robert D. Cirri, Sr. S-29 Juan Pablo Cisneros N-52 Benjamin Keefe Clark S-39 Eugene Clark S-56 Gregory Alan Clark N-31 Mannie Leroy Clark N-10 Sara M. Clark S-70 Thomas R. Clark S-51 Christopher Robert Clarke S-50 Donna Marie Clarke N-14 Michael J. Clarke S-16 Suria Rachel Emma Clarke N-34 Kevin Francis Cleary S-32 James D. Cleere N-5 Geoffrey W. Cloud N-47 Susan Marie Clyne N-8 Steven Coakley S-13 Jeffrey Alan Coale N-69 Patricia A. Cody N-8 Daniel Michael Coffey N-5 Jason Matthew Coffey N-5 Florence G. Cohen S-47 Kevin S. Cohen N-33 Anthony Joseph Coladonato N-36 Mark Joseph Colaio N-42 Stephen J. Colaio N-42 Christopher Michael Colasanti N-53 Kevin Nathaniel Colbert S-35 Michel P. Colbert N-52 Keith E. Coleman N-30 Scott Thomas Coleman N-30 Tarel Coleman S-23 Liam Joseph Colhoun N-73 Robert D. Colin S-61 Robert J. Coll S-31 Jean Marie Collin S-63 John Michael Collins S-22 Michael L. Collins N-36 Thomas Joseph Collins S-50 Joseph Kent Collison N-72 Jeffrey Dwayne Collman N-74 Patricia Malia Colodner N-6 Linda M. Colon N-3 Sol E. Colon S-58 Ronald Edward Comer N-11 Jaime Concepcion N-70 Albert Conde S-63 Denease Conley S-65 Susan P. Conlon N-73 Margaret Mary Conner N-31 Cynthia Marie Lise Connolly S-56 John E. Connolly, Jr. S-32 James Lee Connor S-50 Jonathan M. Connors N-25 Kevin Patrick Connors S-30 Kevin F. Conroy N-4 Brenda E. Conway N-12 Dennis Michael Cook N-40 Helen D. Cook N-72 Jeffrey W. Coombs N-2 John A. Cooper S-49 Julian T. Cooper S-73 Joseph John Coppo, Jr. N-43 Gerard J. Coppola N-63 Joseph Albert Corbett N-53 John J. Corcoran III S-4 Alejandro Cordero N-6 Robert Joseph Cordice S-7 Ruben D. Correa S-9 Danny A. Correa-Gutierrez N-7 Georgine Rose Corrigan S-68 James J. Corrigan, Ret. S-5 Carlos Cortés-Rodriguez S-65 Kevin Michael Cosgrove S-60 Dolores Marie Costa N-58 Digna Alexandra Costanza N-13 Charles Gregory Costello, Jr. N-64 Michael S. Costello N-26 Asia S. Cottom S-70 Conrod Kofi Cottoy, Sr. N-62 Martin John Coughlan S-64 John G. Coughlin S-23 Timothy J. Coughlin N-54 James E. Cove S-59 Andre Colin Cox N-23 Frederick John Cox S-50 James Raymond Coyle S-7 Michele Coyle-Eulau N-11 Christopher Seton Cramer S-42 Eric A. Cranford S-72 Denise Elizabeth Crant N-10 James Leslie Crawford, Jr. N-27 Robert James Crawford S-18 Tara Kathleen Creamer N-75 Joanne Mary Cregan N-37 Lucia Crifasi N-18 John A. Crisci S-8 Daniel Hal Crisman N-15 Dennis A. Cross S-6 Kevin R. Crotty S-52 Thomas G. Crotty S-53 John R. Crowe S-55 Welles Remy Crowther S-50 Robert L. Cruikshank N-58 John Robert Cruz N-49 Grace Alegre Cua S-39 Kenneth John Cubas S-43 Francisco Cruz Cubero S-65 Thelma Cuccinello N-1 Richard Joseph Cudina N-51 Neil James Cudmore N-20 Thomas Patrick Cullen III S-13 Joan Cullinan N-31 Joyce Rose Cummings S-39 Brian Thomas Cummins N-27 Michael Joseph Cunningham S-31 Robert Curatolo S-19 Laurence Damian Curia N-41 Paul Dario Curioli S-63 Patrick Joseph Currivan N-74 Beverly L. Curry N-35 Andrew Peter Charles Curry Green N-1 Michael Sean Curtin S-24 Patricia Cushing S-67 Gavin Cushny N-31

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D

Caleb Arron Dack N-21 Carlos S. da Costa S-25 Jason M. Dahl S-67 Brian Paul Dale N-76 John D’Allara S-24 Vincent Gerard D’Amadeo N-32 Thomas A. Damaskinos N-32 Jack L. D’Ambrosi, Jr. N-45 Jeannine Damiani-Jones N-42 Manuel João DaMota N-71 Patrick W. Danahy S-40 Mary D’Antonio N-6 Vincent G. Danz S-24 Dwight Donald Darcy N-66 Elizabeth Ann Darling N-12 Annette Andrea Dataram N-69 Edward A. D’Atri S-6 Michael D. D’Auria S-16 Lawrence Davidson S-62 Michael Allen Davidson N-30 Scott Matthew Davidson S-10 Titus Davidson S-46 Niurka Davila N-66 Ada M. Davis S-75 Clinton Davis, Sr. S-28 Wayne Terrial Davis N-21 Anthony Richard Dawson N-22 Calvin Dawson S-32 Edward James Day S-15 William Thomas Dean N-11 Robert J. DeAngelis, Jr. S-64 Thomas Patrick DeAngelis S-16 Dorothy Alma de Araujo S-4 Ana Gloria Pocasangre Debarrera S-2 Tara E. Debek N-9 James D. Debeuneure S-70 Anna M. DeBin N-47 James V. DeBlase, Jr. N-51 Jayceryll Malabuyoc de Chavez S-40 Paul DeCola N-36 Gerald F. DeConto S-72 Simon Marash Dedvukaj N-64 Jason Christopher DeFazio N-40 David A. DeFeo S-49 Jennifer De Jesus S-46 Monique Effie DeJesus N-29 Nereida De Jesus S-60 Emy De La Peña S-40 Donald Arthur Delapenha S-36 Azucena Maria de la Torre N-47 Vito Joseph DeLeo N-63 Danielle Anne Delie N-3 Joseph A. Della Pietra N-40 Andrea DellaBella S-58 Palmina DelliGatti N-4 Colleen Ann Deloughery S-59 Joseph DeLuca S-68 Manuel Del Valle, Jr. S-16 Francis Albert De Martini S-27 Anthony Demas S-55 Martin N. DeMeo S-9 Francis Deming N-17 Carol Keyes Demitz S-42 Kevin Dennis N-44 Thomas Francis Dennis, Sr. N-56 Jean C. DePalma N-12 Jose Nicolas De Pena N-69 Robert John Deraney N-21 Michael DeRienzo N-53 David Paul DeRubbio S-14 Jemal Legesse DeSantis N-58 Christian Louis DeSimone N-4 Edward DeSimone III N-53 Andrew J. Desperito S-18 Michael Jude D’Esposito N-6 Cindy Ann Deuel N-59 Melanie Louise de Vere N-20 Jerry DeVito N-60 Robert P. Devitt, Jr. N-32 Dennis Lawrence Devlin S-15 Gerard P. Dewan S-8 Sulemanali Kassamali Dhanani S-53 Michael Louis DiAgostino N-49 Matthew Diaz N-24 Nancy Diaz N-70 Obdulio Ruiz Diaz N-71 Michael A. Diaz-Piedra III N-72 Judith Berquis Diaz-Sierra S-40 Patricia Florence Di Chiaro N-8 Rodney Dickens S-70 Jerry D. Dickerson S-74 Joseph Dermot Dickey, Jr. N-46 Lawrence Patrick Dickinson N-67 Michael D. Diehl S-40 John Difato N-58 Vincent Francis DiFazio N-55 Carl Anthony DiFranco N-4 Donald Joseph DiFranco N-64 John DiGiovanni N-73 Eddie A. Dillard S-70 Debra Ann Di Martino S-36 David DiMeglio N-2 Stephen Patrick Dimino N-53 William John Dimmling N-12 Christopher More Dincuff N-60 Jeffrey Mark Dingle N-21 Rena Sam Dinnoo N-12 Anthony Dionisio N-33 George DiPasquale S-17 Joseph Di Pilato S-46 Douglas Frank DiStefano N-49 Donald Americo DiTullio N-75 Ramzi A. Doany N-14 Johnnie Doctor, Jr. S-72 John Joseph Doherty S-60 Melissa Cándida Doi S-46 Brendan Dolan N-61 Robert E. Dolan, Jr. S-73 Neil Matthew Dollard N-40 James Domanico S-48 Benilda Pascua Domingo S-37 Alberto Dominguez N-2 Carlos Dominguez N-3 Jerome Mark Patrick Dominguez S-25 Kevin W. Donnelly S-6 Jacqueline Donovan S-33 William H. Donovan S-73 Stephen Scott Dorf S-32 Thomas Dowd N-55 Kevin Christopher Dowdell S-11 Mary Yolanda Dowling S-59 Raymond Matthew Downey, Sr. S-9 Frank Joseph Doyle S-34 Joseph Michael Doyle N-33 Randall L. Drake S-38 Patrick Joseph Driscoll S-68 Stephen Patrick Driscoll S-24 Charles A. Droz III S-70 Mirna A. Duarte N-16 Luke A. Dudek N-70 Christopher Michael Duffy S-35 Gerard J. Duffy S-10 Michael Joseph Duffy S-35 Thomas W. Duffy N-4 Antoinette Duger N-72 Jackie Sayegh Duggan N-69 Sareve Dukat S-48 Patrick Dunn S-72 Felicia Gail Dunn-Jones S-66 Christopher Joseph Dunne N-13 Richard Anthony Dunstan S-59 Patrick Thomas Dwyer N-25

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E

Joseph Anthony Eacobacci N-50 John Bruce Eagleson S-66 Edward T. Earhart S-72 Robert Douglas Eaton N-46 Dean Phillip Eberling S-33 Margaret Ruth Echtermann S-48 Paul Robert Eckna N-28 Constantine Economos S-51 Barbara G. Edwards S-70 Dennis Michael Edwards N-54 Michael Hardy Edwards S-50 Christine Egan S-53 Lisa Erin Egan N-49 Martin J. Egan, Jr. S-11 Michael Egan S-53 Samantha Martin Egan N-49 Carole Eggert N-6 Lisa Caren Ehrlich S-62 John Ernst Eichler N-71 Eric Adam Eisenberg S-58 Daphne Ferlinda Elder N-8 Michael J. Elferis S-18 Mark Joseph Ellis S-25 Valerie Silver Ellis N-25 Albert Alfy William Elmarry N-36 Robert R. Elseth S-73 Edgar Hendricks Emery, Jr. S-41 Doris Suk-Yuen Eng N-70 Christopher Epps N-6 Ulf Ramm Ericson S-65 Erwin L. Erker N-5 William John Erwin N-46 Sarah Ali Escarcega N-20 Jose Espinal S-66 Fanny Espinoza N-47 Billy Scoop Esposito N-40 Bridget Ann Esposito N-18 Francis Esposito S-7 Michael A. Esposito S-7 Ruben Esquilin, Jr. S-39 Sadie Ette N-69 Barbara G. Etzold N-59 Eric Brian Evans S-59 Robert Edward Evans S-15 Meredith Emily June Ewart S-54

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F

Catherine K. Fagan N-13 Patricia Mary Fagan S-55 Ivan Kyrillos Fairbanks-Barbosa N-43 Keith George Fairben S-26 Sandra Fajardo-Smith N-7 Charles S. Falkenberg S-69 Dana Falkenberg S-69 Zoe Falkenberg S-69 Jamie L. Fallon S-72 William F. Fallon N-65 William Lawrence Fallon, Jr. N-37 Anthony J. Fallone, Jr. N-51 Dolores Brigitte Fanelli N-5 Robert John Fangman S-2 John Joseph Fanning S-11 Kathleen Anne Faragher N-22 Thomas James Farino S-19 Nancy C. Doloszycki Farley N-18 Paige Marie Farley-Hackel N-75 Elizabeth Ann Farmer N-47 Douglas Jon Farnum N-10 John Gerard Farrell N-53 John W. Farrell S-51 Terrence Patrick Farrell S-11 Joseph D. Farrelly S-22 Thomas Patrick Farrelly N-17 Syed Abdul Fatha S-49 Christopher Edward Faughnan N-54 Wendy R. Faulkner S-61 Shannon Marie Fava N-35 Bernard D. Favuzza N-42 Robert Fazio, Jr. S-24 Ronald Carl Fazio, Sr. S-60 William M. Feehan S-18 Francis Jude Feely N-7 Garth Erin Feeney N-21 Sean Bernard Fegan N-60 Lee S. Fehling S-7 Peter Adam Feidelberg S-54 Alan D. Feinberg S-10 Rosa Maria Feliciano N-15 Edward P. Felt S-68 Edward Thomas Fergus, Jr. N-41 George J. Ferguson III S-37 J. Joseph Ferguson S-69 Henry Fernandez N-70 Judy Hazel Santillan Fernandez N-36 Julio Fernandez S-45 Elisa Giselle Ferraina N-20 Anne Marie Sallerin Ferreira N-44 Robert John Ferris S-60 David Francis Ferrugio N-56 Louis V. Fersini, Jr. N-43 Michael David Ferugio S-63 Bradley James Fetchet S-35 Jennifer Louise Fialko S-59 Kristen Nicole Fiedel N-6 Amelia V. Fields S-75 Samuel Fields S-65 Alexander Milan Filipov N-2 Michael Bradley Finnegan N-45 Timothy J. Finnerty N-52 Michael C. Fiore S-5 Stephen J. Fiorelli N-66 Paul M. Fiori N-24 John B. Fiorito N-41 John R. Fischer S-13 Andrew Fisher N-22 Bennett Lawson Fisher S-40 Gerald P. Fisher S-75 John Roger Fisher N-66 Thomas J. Fisher S-41 Lucy A. Fishman S-61 Ryan D. Fitzgerald S-40 Thomas James Fitzpatrick S-52 Richard P. Fitzsimons S-23 Salvatore Fiumefreddo N-24 Darlene E. Flagg S-70 Wilson F. Flagg S-70 Christina Donovan Flannery S-50 Eileen Flecha S-41 Andre G. Fletcher S-7 Carl M. Flickinger N-40 Matthew M. Flocco S-72 John Joseph Florio S-22 Joseph Walkden Flounders S-32 Carol Ann Flyzik N-1 David Fodor S-41 Michael N. Fodor S-11 Stephen Mark Fogel N-47 Thomas J. Foley S-16 Jane C. Folger S-67 David J. Fontana S-6 Chih Min Foo S-44 Delrose E. Forbes Cheatham N-48 Godwin Forde S-46 Donald A. Foreman S-27 Christopher Hugh Forsythe N-44 Claudia Alicia Foster N-56 Noel John Foster S-62 Sandra N. Foster S-71 Ana Fosteris S-61 Robert Joseph Foti S-20 Jeffrey Fox S-35 Virginia Elizabeth Fox N-10 Pauline Francis N-24 Virgin Lucy Francis N-69 Gary Jay Frank S-58 Morton H. Frank N-26 Peter Christopher Frank N-59 Colleen L. Fraser S-68 Richard K. Fraser S-59 Kevin J. Frawley S-33 Clyde Frazier, Jr. S-27 Lillian Inez Frederick S-58 Andrew Fredericks S-21 Tamitha Freeman S-58 Brett Owen Freiman S-46 Peter L. Freund S-7 Arlene Eva Fried N-46 Alan W. Friedlander S-58 Andrew Keith Friedman N-59 Paul J. Friedman N-75 Gregg J. Froehner S-29 Lisa Anne Frost S-3 Peter Christian Fry S-32 Clement A. Fumando N-33 Steven Elliot Furman N-50 Paul James Furmato N-26 Karleton Douglas Beye Fyfe N-1

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G

Fredric Neal Gabler N-26 Richard Peter Gabriel S-70 Richard S. Gabrielle S-55 James Andrew Gadiel N-31 Pamela Lee Gaff S-55 Ervin Vincent Gailliard S-66 Deanna Lynn Galante and her unborn child N-37 Grace Catherine Galante N-37 Anthony Edward Gallagher N-50 Daniel James Gallagher N-28 John Patrick Gallagher N-49 Lourdes J. Galletti N-47 Cono E. Gallo N-61 Vincent Gallucci N-5 Thomas E. Galvin N-39 Giovanna Galletta Gambale N-34 Thomas Gambino, Jr. S-15 Giann F. Gamboa S-37 Ronald L. Gamboa S-4 Peter James Ganci, Jr. S-17 Michael Gann N-20 Charles William Garbarini S-12 Andrew Sonny Garcia S-68 Cesar R. Garcia N-5 David Garcia N-17 Jorge Luis Morron Garcia S-65 Juan Garcia N-23 Marlyn Del Carmen Garcia N-3 Christopher Samuel Gardner S-57 Douglas Benjamin Gardner N-38 Harvey Joseph Gardner III N-72 Jeffrey Brian Gardner N-4 Thomas A. Gardner S-8 William Arthur Gardner N-37 Frank Garfi N-25 Rocco Nino Gargano N-28 James M. Gartenberg N-64 Matthew David Garvey S-6 Bruce Gary S-15 Boyd Alan Gatton S-43 Donald Richard Gavagan, Jr. N-42 Peter Alan Gay N-2 Terence D. Gazzani N-51 Gary Paul Geidel S-10 Paul Hamilton Geier N-51 Julie M. Geis S-57 Peter Gerard Gelinas N-56 Steven Paul Geller N-29 Howard G. Gelling, Jr. S-51 Peter Victor Genco, Jr. N-41 Steven Gregory Genovese N-26 Alayne Gentul S-42 Linda M. George N-75 Edward F. Geraghty S-9 Suzanne Geraty N-35 Ralph Gerhardt N-45 Robert Gerlich N-18 Denis P. Germain S-16 Marina Romanovna Gertsberg N-48 Susan M. Getzendanner S-40 Lawrence D. Getzfred S-72 James G. Geyer N-55 Cortez Ghee S-75 Joseph M. Giaccone N-36 Vincent Francis Giammona S-6 Debra Lynn Gibbon S-54 James Andrew Giberson S-16 Brenda C. Gibson S-1 Craig Neil Gibson N-16 Ronnie E. Gies S-8 Andrew Clive Gilbert N-45 Timothy Paul Gilbert N-45 Paul Stuart Gilbey S-32 Paul John Gill S-9 Mark Y. Gilles N-50 Evan Hunter Gillette S-50 Ronald Lawrence Gilligan N-33 Rodney C. Gillis S-24 Laura Gilly N-35 John F. Ginley S-16 Donna Marie Giordano S-55 Jeffrey John Giordano S-8 John Giordano S-18 Steven A. Giorgetti N-13 Martin Giovinazzo N-3 Kum-Kum Girolamo S-54 Salvatore Gitto N-10 Cynthia Giugliano N-64 Mon Gjonbalaj S-37 Dianne Gladstone S-47 Keith Alexander Glascoe S-11 Thomas Irwin Glasser S-49 Edmund Glazer N-75 Harry Glenn N-16 Barry H. Glick N-66 Jeremy Logan Glick S-67 Steven Glick N-21 John T. Gnazzo N-32 William Robert Godshalk S-35 Michael Gogliormella N-35 Brian F. Goldberg S-42 Jeffrey G. Goldflam N-38 Michelle Goldstein S-62 Monica Goldstein N-48 Steven Ian Goldstein N-50 Ronald F. Golinski S-75 Andrew H. Golkin N-46 Dennis James Gomes S-43 Enrique Antonio Gomez N-68 Jose Bienvenido Gomez N-68 Manuel Gomez, Jr. S-44 Wilder Alfredo Gomez N-69 Jenine Nicole Gonzalez S-53 Mauricio Gonzalez S-64 Rosa J. Gonzalez N-66 Lynn Catherine Goodchild S-3 Calvin Joseph Gooding N-39 Peter Morgan Goodrich S-3 Harry Goody S-48 Kiran Kumar Reddy Gopu N-8 Catherine C. Gorayeb N-22 Lisa Fenn Gordenstein N-75 Kerene Gordon N-24 Sebastian Gorki S-38 Kieran Joseph Gorman S-36 Thomas Edward Gorman S-28 Michael Edward Gould N-25 O. Kristin Osterholm White Gould S-68 Douglas Alan Gowell S-4 Yuji Goya S-45 Jon Richard Grabowski N-15 Christopher Michael Grady N-46 Edwin J. Graf III N-41 David Martin Graifman S-34 Gilbert Franco Granados S-58 Lauren Catuzzi Grandcolas and her unborn child S-68 Elvira Granitto N-64 Winston Arthur Grant N-65 Christopher S. Gray N-44 Ian J. Gray S-71 James Michael Gray S-13 Tara McCloud Gray N-72 John M. Grazioso N-25 Timothy George Grazioso N-25 Derrick Auther Green S-42 Wade B. Green N-23 Wanda Anita Green S-67 Elaine Myra Greenberg N-20 Donald Freeman Greene S-67 Gayle R. Greene N-9 James Arthur Greenleaf, Jr. N-62 Eileen Marsha Greenstein S-56 Elizabeth Martin Gregg N-59 Denise Marie Gregory N-63 Donald H. Gregory N-39 Florence Moran Gregory S-58 Pedro Grehan N-51 John Michael Griffin N-63 Tawanna Sherry Griffin N-23 Joan Donna Griffith S-39 Warren Grifka N-15 Ramon B. Grijalvo N-65 Joseph F. Grillo N-66 David Joseph Grimner N-12 Francis Edward Grogan S-4 Linda Gronlund S-68 Kenneth George Grouzalis S-25 Joseph Grzelak S-19 Matthew James Grzymalski N-54 Robert Joseph Gschaar S-53 Liming Gu N-3 Richard J. Guadagno S-67 Jose A. Guadalupe S-10 Cindy Yan Zhu Guan S-48 Geoffrey E. Guja S-12 Joseph P. Gullickson S-9 Babita Girjamatie Guman S-39 Douglas Brian Gurian N-39 Janet Ruth Gustafson S-61 Philip T. Guza S-53 Barbara Guzzardo S-55 Peter Mark Gyulavary S-65

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Joseph Anthony Ianelli N-9 Zuhtu Ibis N-36 Jonathan Lee Ielpi S-7 Michael Patrick Iken S-33 Daniel Ilkanayev N-48 Frederick J. Ill, Jr. S-16 Abraham Nethanel Ilowitz N-64 Anthony P. Infante, Jr. S-27 Louis S. Inghilterra S-43 Christopher Noble Ingrassia N-30 Paul Innella N-36 Stephanie Veronica Irby N-7 Douglas Jason Irgang S-50 Kristin Irvine-Ryan S-51 Todd Antione Isaac N-56 Erik Hans Isbrandtsen N-25 Taizo Ishikawa S-45 Waleed Joseph Iskandar N-1 Aram Iskenderian, Jr. N-47 John F. Iskyan N-52 Kazushige Ito S-45 Aleksandr Valeryevich Ivantsov N-27 Lacey Bernard Ivory S-74

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Robert Francis Mace N-47 Marianne MacFarlane S-2 Jan Maciejewski N-69 Susan A. Mackay N-1 William Macko N-73 Catherine Fairfax MacRae N-59 Richard Blaine Madden S-58 Simon Maddison N-31 Noell C. Maerz S-30 Jennieann Maffeo N-73 Joseph Maffeo S-9 Jay Robert Magazine N-71 Brian Magee N-20 Charles W. Magee N-63 Joseph V. Maggitti N-4 Ronald Magnuson N-48 Daniel L. Maher N-13 Thomas A. Mahon N-51 William J. Mahoney S-11 Joseph Daniel Maio N-30 Linda C. Mair-Grayling N-8 Takashi Makimoto S-44 Abdu Ali Malahi S-45 Debora I. Maldonado N-0 Myrna T. Maldonado-Agosto N-66 Alfred Russell Maler N-54 Gregory James Malone S-32 Edward Francis Maloney III N-50 Joseph E. Maloney S-7 Gene Edward Maloy N-3 Christian H. Maltby N-44 Francisco Miguel Mancini N-71 Joseph Mangano N-3 Sara Elizabeth Manley N-59 Debra M. Mannetta N-61 Marion Victoria Manning N-13 Terence John Manning N-21 James Maounis S-40 Alfred Gilles Padre Joseph Marchand S-2 Joseph Ross Marchbanks, Jr. S-5 Laura A. 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Angel M. Pabon, Jr. N-28 Israel Pabon, Jr. N-24 Roland Pacheco N-65 Michael Benjamin Packer N-22 Diana B. Padro S-76 Deepa Pakkala N-17 Jeffrey Matthew Palazzo S-5 Thomas Palazzo N-54 Richard A. Palazzolo N-54 Orio Joseph Palmer S-17 Frank Anthony Palombo S-21 Alan N. Palumbo N-51 Christopher Matthew Panatier N-45 Dominique Lisa Pandolfo N-14 Jonas Martin Panik S-73 Paul J. Pansini S-5 John M. Paolillo S-11 Edward Joseph Papa N-54 Salvatore T. Papasso S-26 James Nicholas Pappageorge S-14 Marie Pappalardo S-2 Vinod Kumar Parakat N-29 Vijayashanker Paramsothy S-57 Nitin Ramesh Parandkar N-19 Hardai Parbhu S-56 James Wendell Parham S-29 Debra Marie Paris S-53 George Paris N-33 Gye Hyong Park N-64 Philip Lacey Parker S-61 Michael Alaine Parkes N-12 Robert E. Parks, Jr. N-46 Hashmukh C. Parmar N-37 Robert Parro S-16 Diane Marie Parsons S-47 Leobardo Lopez Pascual N-70 Michael J. Pascuma, Jr. N-67 Jerrold Hughes Paskins N-17 Horace Robert Passananti N-11 Suzanne H. Passaro S-53 Avnish Ramanbhai Patel N-59 Dipti Patel N-33 Manish Patel S-30 Steven Bennett Paterson N-51 James Matthew Patrick N-51 Manuel D. Patrocino N-70 Bernard E. Patterson N-43 Clifford L. Patterson, Jr. S-74 Cira Marie Patti S-34 Robert E. Pattison N-63 James Robert Paul N-60 Patrice Paz S-61 Victor Hugo Paz N-69 Stacey Lynn Peak N-50 Richard Allen Pearlman S-27 Durrell V. Pearsall, Jr. S-11 Thomas Nicholas Pecorelli N-74 Thomas Pedicini N-42 Todd Douglas Pelino N-54 Mike Adrian Pelletier N-49 Anthony G. Peluso S-36 Angel R. Pena S-56 Robert Penninger S-69 Richard Al Penny S-49 Salvatore F. Pepe N-3 Carl Allen B. Peralta N-30 Robert David Peraza N-32 Jon A. Perconti, Jr. N-27 Alejo Perez N-67 Angel Perez, Jr. N-33 Angela Susan Perez N-32 Anthony Perez N-37 Ivan Antonio Perez S-41 Nancy E. Perez N-66 Berry Berenson Perkins N-76 Joseph John Perroncino N-32 Edward J. Perrotta N-50 Emelda H. Perry S-64 Glenn C. Perry, Sr. S-22 John William Perry S-24 Franklin Allan Pershep S-56 Danny Pesce N-55 Michael John Pescherine S-34 Davin N. Peterson N-28 Donald Arthur Peterson S-67 Jean Hoadley Peterson S-67 William Russell Peterson N-15 Mark James Petrocelli N-61 Philip Scott Petti S-16 Glen Kerrin Pettit S-25 Dominick A. Pezzulo S-29 Kaleen Elizabeth Pezzuti N-54 Kevin J. Pfeifer S-14 Tu-Anh Pham N-60 Kenneth John Phelan, Sr. S-13 Sneha Anne Philip S-66 Eugenia McCann Piantieri N-13 Ludwig John Picarro S-63 Matthew Picerno N-43 Joseph O. Pick S-41 Christopher J. Pickford S-12 Dennis J. Pierce S-47 Bernard Pietronico N-41 Nicholas P. Pietrunti N-30 Theodoros Pigis S-49 Susan Elizabeth Pinto N-35 Joseph Piskadlo N-63 Christopher Todd Pitman N-45 Joshua Michael Piver N-33 Robert R. Ploger III S-71 Zandra F. Ploger S-71 Joseph Plumitallo N-41 John M. Pocher N-41 William Howard Pohlmann S-47 Laurence Michael Polatsch N-27 Thomas H. Polhemus N-17 Steve Pollicino N-39 Susan M. Pollio S-33 Darin H. Pontell S-73 Joshua Iosua Poptean N-71 Giovanna Porras N-72 Anthony Portillo S-49 James Edward Potorti N-11 Daphne Pouletsos S-55 Richard N. Poulos N-30 Stephen Emanual Poulos S-60 Brandon Jerome Powell N-23 Scott Alan Powell S-75 Shawn Edward Powell S-20 Antonio Dorsey Pratt N-23 Gregory M. Preziose N-53 Wanda Ivelisse Prince S-42 Vincent A. Princiotta S-20 Kevin M. Prior S-22 Everett Martin Proctor III N-48 Carrie Beth Progen S-59 David Lee Pruim S-62 Richard A. Prunty S-5 John Foster Puckett N-68 Robert David Pugliese N-10 Edward F. Pullis S-62 Patricia Ann Puma N-64 Jack D. Punches S-73 Hemanth Kumar Puttur N-17 Joseph J. Pycior, Jr. S-72 Edward R. Pykon N-61

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Christopher Quackenbush S-52 Lars Peter Qualben N-15 Lincoln Quappé S-16 Beth Ann Quigley N-27 Patrick J. Quigley IV S-4 Michael T. Quilty S-15 James Francis Quinn N-30 Ricardo J. Quinn S-18

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Carol Millicent Rabalais S-61 Christopher Peter Anthony Racaniello N-32 Leonard J. Ragaglia S-10 Eugene J. Raggio S-24 Laura Marie Ragonese-Snik S-54 Michael Paul Ragusa S-23 Peter Frank Raimondi N-59 Harry A. Raines N-36 Lisa J. Raines S-71 Ehtesham Raja S-39 Valsa Raju N-63 Edward J. Rall S-17 Lukas Rambousek N-58 Maria Ramirez S-45 Harry Ramos N-63 Vishnoo Ramsaroop N-64 Deborah A. Ramsaur S-1 Lorenzo E. Ramzey S-55 Alfred Todd Rancke S-50 Adam David Rand S-8 Jonathan C. Randall N-6 Shreyas S. Ranganath N-7 Anne T. Ransom N-18 Faina Rapoport N-17 Rhonda Sue Rasmussen S-76 Robert A. Rasmussen S-37 Amenia Rasool N-11 R. Mark Rasweiler N-9 Marsha D. Ratchford S-72 David Alan James Rathkey S-46 William Ralph Raub N-25 Gerard F. Rauzi S-47 Alexey Razuvaev S-32 Gregory Reda N-6 Sarah Anne Redheffer N-20 Michele Marie Reed S-62 Judith Ann Reese N-67 Donald J. Regan S-14 Robert M. Regan S-10 Thomas Michael Regan S-54 Christian Michael Otto Regenhard S-23 Howard Reich S-49 Gregg Reidy N-28 James Brian Reilly S-34 Kevin O. Reilly S-20 Timothy E. Reilly N-11 Joseph Reina, Jr. N-33 Thomas Barnes Reinig N-55 Frank Bennett Reisman N-28 Joshua Scott Reiss N-51 Karen Renda N-18 John Armand Reo N-40 Richard Cyril Rescorla S-46 John Thomas Resta N-62 Sylvia San Pio Resta and her unborn child N-62 Martha M. Reszke S-1 David E. Retik N-1 Todd H. Reuben S-69 Luis Clodoaldo Revilla Mier S-65 Eduvigis Reyes, Jr. N-72 Bruce Albert Reynolds S-28 John Frederick Rhodes S-55 Francis Saverio Riccardelli S-25 Rudolph N. Riccio N-34 Ann Marie Riccoboni N-64 David Harlow Rice S-52 Eileen Mary Rice N-6 Kenneth Frederick Rice III N-13 CeCelia E. Richard S-76 Vernon Allan Richard S-20 Claude Daniel Richards S-25 Gregory David Richards N-39 Michael Richards N-63 Venesha Orintia Richards N-6 Jimmy Riches S-21 Alan Jay Richman N-11 John M. Rigo N-10 Frederick Charles Rimmele III S-2 Rose Mary Riso S-47 Moises N. Rivas N-67 Joseph R. Rivelli, Jr. S-22 Carmen Alicia Rivera S-42 Isaias Rivera N-63 Juan William Rivera N-72 Linda Ivelisse Rivera N-15 David E. Rivers N-20 Joseph R. Riverso N-51 Paul V. Rizza S-40 John Frank Rizzo S-64 Stephen Louis Roach N-54 Joseph Roberto S-35 Leo Arthur Roberts N-43 Michael E. Roberts S-21 Michael Edward Roberts S-16 Donald Walter Robertson, Jr. N-45 Jeffrey Robinson N-16 Michell Lee Jean Robotham S-56 Donald Arthur Robson N-39 Antonio A. Rocha N-51 Raymond James Rocha N-44 Laura Rockefeller N-20 John Michael Rodak S-51 Antonio José Rodrigues S-29 Anthony Rodriguez S-22 Carmen Milagros Rodriguez S-58 Gregory E. Rodriguez N-48 Marsha A. Rodriguez N-6 Mayra Valdes Rodriguez S-59 Richard Rodriguez S-29 David Bartolo Rodriguez-Vargas N-69 Matthew Rogan S-14 Jean Destrehan Rogér N-74 Karlie Rogers N-20 Scott William Rohner N-44 Keith Michael Roma S-25 Joseph M. Romagnolo N-24 Efrain Romero, Sr. S-44 Elvin Romero N-28 James A. Romito S-27 Sean Paul Rooney S-57 Eric Thomas Ropiteau N-33 Aida Rosario N-18 Angela Rosario N-29 Mark H. Rosen S-52 Brooke David Rosenbaum N-33 Linda Rosenbaum N-12 Sheryl Lynn Rosenbaum N-47 Lloyd Daniel Rosenberg N-40 Mark Louis Rosenberg N-7 Andrew Ira Rosenblum N-40 Joshua M. Rosenblum N-27 Joshua Alan Rosenthal S-41 Richard David Rosenthal N-48 Philip Martin Rosenzweig N-2 Daniel Rosetti S-64 Richard Barry Ross N-2 Norman S. Rossinow S-61 Nicholas P. Rossomando S-5 Michael Craig Rothberg N-29 Donna Marie Rothenberg S-60 Mark David Rothenberg S-68 James Michael Roux S-2 Nicholas Charles Alexander Rowe N-23 Edward V. Rowenhorst S-76 Judy Rowlett S-1 Timothy Alan Roy, Sr. S-24 Paul G. Ruback S-21 Ronald J. Ruben S-34 Joanne Rubino N-14 David M. Ruddle S-66 Bart Joseph Ruggiere N-49 Susan A. Ruggiero N-13 Adam Keith Ruhalter N-47 Gilbert Ruiz N-69 Robert E. Russell S-1 Stephen P. Russell S-7 Steven Harris Russin N-52 Michael Thomas Russo, Sr. S-7 Wayne Alan Russo N-6 William R. Ruth S-74 Edward Ryan N-61 John Joseph Ryan S-34 Jonathan Stephan Ryan S-30 Matthew L. Ryan S-9 Tatiana Ryjova S-48 Christina Sunga Ryook N-49 <

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Thierry Saada N-41 Jason Elazar Sabbag S-42 Thomas E. Sabella S-17 Scott H. Saber N-23 Charles E. Sabin, Sr. S-71 Joseph Francis Sacerdote N-44 Jessica Leigh Sachs N-74 Francis John Sadocha N-24 Jude Elias Safi N-26 Brock Joel Safronoff N-7 Edward Saiya S-45 John Patrick Salamone N-40 Marjorie C. Salamone S-75 Hernando Rafael Salas S-38 Juan G. Salas N-70 Esmerlin Antonio Salcedo S-65 John Pepe Salerno N-30 Rahma Salie and her unborn child N-1 Richard L. Salinardi, Jr. S-37 Wayne John Saloman N-35 Nolbert Salomon S-46 Catherine Patricia Salter S-60 Frank G. Salvaterra S-51 Paul Richard Salvio N-62 Samuel Robert Salvo, Jr. S-59 Carlos Alberto Samaniego N-42 John P. Sammartino S-71 James Kenneth Samuel, Jr. N-60 Michael San Phillip S-51 Hugo M. Sanay S-31 Alva Cynthia Jeffries Sanchez N-16 Jacquelyn Patrice Sanchez N-47 Jesus Sanchez S-2 Raymond Sanchez S-66 Eric M. Sand N-28 Stacey Leigh Sanders N-3 Herman S. Sandler S-52 Jim Sands, Jr. N-36 Ayleen J. Santiago N-65 Kirsten Reese Santiago N-67 Maria Theresa Concepcion Santillan N-36 Susan Gayle Santo N-9 Christopher A. Santora S-10 John August Santore S-5 Mario L. Santoro S-26 Rafael Humberto Santos N-34 Rufino C.F. Santos III N-17 Victor J. Saracini S-2 Kalyan K. Sarkar N-66 Chapelle Renee Stewart Sarker N-14 Paul F. Sarle N-56 Deepika Kumar Sattaluri N-18 Gregory Thomas Saucedo S-6 Susan M. Sauer N-11 Anthony Savas N-67 Vladimir Savinkin N-48 John Michael Sbarbaro N-56 David M. Scales S-74 Robert Louis Scandole N-52 Michelle Scarpitta S-31 Dennis Scauso S-8 John Albert Schardt S-12 John G. Scharf S-63 Fred C. Scheffold, Jr. S-6 Angela Susan Scheinberg N-64 Scott Mitchell Schertzer N-33 Sean Schielke N-44 Steven Francis Schlag N-51 Robert A. Schlegel S-72 Jon Schlissel S-48 Karen Helene Schmidt S-46 Ian Schneider N-52 Thomas G. Schoales S-21 Marisa Dinardo Schorpp N-49 Frank G. Schott, Jr. N-13 Gerard Patrick Schrang S-14 Jeffrey H. Schreier N-31 John T. Schroeder N-59 Susan Lee Schuler S-53 Edward W. Schunk N-55 Mark Evan Schurmeier N-22 John Burkhart Schwartz N-40 Mark Schwartz S-26 Adriane Victoria Scibetta N-48 Raphael Scorca N-3 Janice M. Scott S-1 Randolph Scott S-31 Christopher Jay Scudder S-37 Arthur Warren Scullin N-14 Michael H. Seaman N-46 Margaret M. Seeliger S-53 Anthony Segarra N-64 Carlos Segarra N-72 Jason M. Sekzer N-31 Matthew Carmen Sellitto N-46 Michael L. Selves S-75 Howard Selwyn S-31 Larry John Senko N-65 Arturo Angelo Sereno N-58 Frankie Serrano S-45 Marian H. Serva S-75 Alena Sesinova N-3 Adele Christine Sessa N-27 Sita Nermalla Sewnarine S-43 Karen Lynn Seymour N-73 Davis Grier Sezna, Jr. S-52 Thomas Joseph Sgroi N-8 Jayesh Shantilal Shah N-37 Khalid M. Shahid N-33 Mohammed Shajahan N-14 Gary Shamay N-31 Earl Richard Shanahan N-5 Dan F. Shanower S-72 Neil G. Shastri N-58 Kathryn Anne Shatzoff N-10 Barbara A. Shaw N-20 Jeffrey James Shaw N-24 Robert John Shay, Jr. N-53 Daniel James Shea N-38 Joseph Patrick Shea N-38 Kathleen Shearer S-3 Robert M. Shearer S-3 Linda June Sheehan S-50 Hagay Shefi N-21 Antionette M. Sherman S-75 John Anthony Sherry S-30 Atsushi Shiratori N-44 Thomas Joseph Shubert N-29 Mark Shulman N-10 See Wong Shum N-71 Allan Abraham Shwartzstein N-30 Clarin Shellie Siegel-Schwartz S-53 Johanna Sigmund N-60 Dianne T. Signer and her unborn child N-60 Gregory Sikorsky S-12 Stephen Gerard Siller S-5 David Silver N-29 Craig A. Silverstein S-50 Nasima H. Simjee S-41 Bruce Edward Simmons S-51 Diane M. Simmons S-69 Donald D. Simmons S-76 George W. Simmons S-69 Arthur Simon N-58 Kenneth Alan Simon N-58 Michael J. Simon N-49 Paul Joseph Simon N-17 Marianne Liquori Simone N-35 Barry Simowitz S-48 Jane Louise Simpkin S-2 Jeff Lyal Simpson S-27 Cheryle D. Sincock S-75 Khamladai Khami Singh N-68 Roshan Ramesh Singh N-68 Thomas E. Sinton III N-55 Peter A. Siracuse N-39 Muriel F. Siskopoulos S-33 Joseph Michael Sisolak N-6 John P. Skala S-27 Francis Joseph Skidmore, Jr. S-32 Toyena Corliss Skinner N-72 Paul Albert Skrzypek N-50 Christopher Paul Slattery N-30 Vincent Robert Slavin N-27 Robert F. Sliwak N-56 Paul Kenneth Sloan S-33 Stanley S. Smagala, Jr. S-15 Wendy L. Small N-54 Gregg H. Smallwood S-72 Catherine T. Smith N-16 Daniel Laurence Smith S-31 Gary F. Smith S-1 George Eric Smith S-39 Heather Lee Smith N-75 James Gregory Smith N-40 Jeffrey R. Smith S-52 Joyce Patricia Smith N-24 Karl T. Smith, Sr. N-43 Kevin Joseph Smith S-9 Leon Smith, Jr. S-11 Moira Ann Smith S-24 Monica Rodriguez Smith and her unborn child N-73 Rosemary A. Smith N-73 Bonnie Shihadeh Smithwick N-61 Rochelle Monique Snell S-49 Christine Ann Snyder S-67 Dianne Bullis Snyder N-74 Leonard J. Snyder, Jr. S-54 Astrid Elizabeth Sohan N-6 Sushil S. Solanki N-34 Rubén Solares N-31 Naomi Leah Solomon N-21 Daniel W. Song N-56 Mari-Rae Sopper S-69 Michael Charles Sorresse N-5 Fabian Soto N-63 Timothy Patrick Soulas N-44 Gregory Thomas Spagnoletti S-35 Donald F. Spampinato, Jr. N-39 Thomas Sparacio S-32 John Anthony Spataro N-10 Robert W. Spear, Jr. S-19 Robert Speisman S-70 Maynard S. Spence, Jr. N-6 George Edward Spencer III S-31 Robert Andrew Spencer N-45 Mary Rubina Sperando N-21 Frank Spinelli N-44 William E. Spitz N-42 Joseph Patrick Spor, Jr. S-15 Klaus Johannes Sprockamp S-47 Saranya Srinuan N-52 Fitzroy St. Rose N-72 Michael F. Stabile S-32 Lawrence T. Stack S-18 Timothy M. Stackpole S-20 Richard James Stadelberger S-40 Eric Adam Stahlman N-46 Gregory Stajk S-17 Alexandru Liviu Stan N-34 Corina Stan N-34 Mary Domenica Stanley N-14 Anthony Starita N-42 Jeffrey Stark S-13 Derek James Statkevicus S-34 Patricia J. Statz S-75 Craig William Staub S-34 William V. Steckman N-67 Eric Thomas Steen S-30 William R. Steiner N-12 Alexander Robbins Steinman N-25 Edna L. Stephens S-1 Andrew Stergiopoulos N-45 Andrew J. Stern N-43 Norma Lang Steuerle S-69 Martha Jane Stevens S-62 Michael James Stewart N-61 Richard H. Stewart, Jr. N-41 Sanford M. Stoller N-17 Douglas Joel Stone N-74 Lonny Jay Stone N-63 Jimmy Nevill Storey N-12 Timothy Stout N-35 Thomas Strada N-40 James J. Straine, Jr. N-52 Edward W. Straub S-55 George J. Strauch, Jr. S-60 Edward Thomas Strauss S-24 Steven R. Strauss S-46 Larry L. Strickland S-74 Steven F. Strobert N-55 Walwyn Wellington Stuart, Jr. S-29 Benjamin Suarez S-11 David Scott Suarez N-17 Ramon Suarez S-25 Dino Xavier Suarez Ramirez N-75 Yoichi Sumiyama Sugiyama S-44 William Christopher Sugra N-34 Daniel Thomas Suhr S-14 David Marc Sullins S-25 Christopher P. Sullivan S-22 Patrick Sullivan N-40 Thomas G. Sullivan N-67 Hilario Soriano Sumaya, Jr. N-8 James Joseph Suozzo N-41 Colleen M. Supinski S-51 Robert Sutcliffe N-67 Seline Sutter N-65 Claudia Suzette Sutton N-48 John Francis Swaine N-39 Kristine M. Swearson N-34 Brian David Sweeney S-2 Brian Edward Sweeney S-9 Madeline Amy Sweeney N-74 Kenneth J. Swenson N-48 Thomas F. Swift S-46 Derek Ogilvie Sword S-35 Kevin Thomas Szocik S-35 Gina Sztejnberg N-15 Norbert P. Szurkowski N-50

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Harry Taback N-4 Joann C. Tabeek N-35 Norma C. Taddei N-13 Michael Taddonio S-31 Keiichiro Takahashi S-32 Keiji Takahashi S-44 Phyllis Gail Talbot N-11 Robert R. Talhami N-27 John Talignani S-68 Sean Patrick Tallon S-5 Paul Talty S-24 Maurita Tam S-53 Rachel Tamares S-61 Hector Rogan Tamayo S-45 Michael Andrew Tamuccio N-59 Kenichiro Tanaka S-44 Rhondelle Cherie Tankard S-59 Michael Anthony Tanner N-25 Dennis Gerard Taormina, Jr. N-12 Kenneth Joseph Tarantino N-46 Allan Tarasiewicz S-7 Michael C. Tarrou S-2 Ronald Tartaro N-60 Deborah Tavolarella S-2 Darryl Anthony Taylor N-72 Donnie Brooks Taylor S-59 Hilda E. Taylor S-70 Kip P. Taylor S-74 Leonard E. Taylor S-71 Lorisa Ceylon Taylor N-15 Michael Morgan Taylor N-40 Sandra C. Taylor S-1 Sandra Dawn Teague S-69 Karl W. Teepe S-71 Paul A. Tegtmeier S-21 Yeshavant Moreshwar Tembe S-47 Anthony Tempesta N-53 Dorothy Pearl Temple S-47 Stanley L. Temple N-31 David Gustaf Peter Tengelin N-4 Brian John Terrenzi N-47 Lisa Marie Terry N-11 Goumatie Thackurdeen S-41 Harshad Sham Thatte N-17 Michael Theodoridis N-1 Thomas F. Theurkauf, Jr. S-36 Lesley Anne Thomas N-49 Brian Thomas Thompson S-44 Clive Ian Thompson S-32 Glenn Thompson N-43 Nigel Bruce Thompson N-44 Perry A. Thompson S-60 Vanavah Alexei Thompson N-64 William H. Thompson S-26 Eric Raymond Thorpe S-35 Nichola Angela Thorpe S-33 Tamara C. Thurman S-74 Sal Edward Tieri, Jr. N-10 John Patrick Tierney S-13 Mary Ellen Tiesi S-62 William Randolph Tieste N-25 Kenneth Tietjen S-29 Stephen Edward Tighe N-56 Scott Charles Timmes N-62 Michael E. Tinley N-15 Jennifer M. Tino N-11 Robert Frank Tipaldi N-26 John James Tipping II S-10 David Tirado N-23 Hector Luis Tirado, Jr. S-15 Michelle Lee Titolo N-48 Alicia Nicole Titus S-2 John J. Tobin N-8 Richard J. Todisco S-51 Otis V. Tolbert S-73 Vladimir Tomasevic N-22 Stephen Kevin Tompsett N-22 Thomas Tong S-39 Doris Torres S-42 Luis Eduardo Torres N-51 Amy Elizabeth Toyen N-23 Christopher Michael Traina N-63 Daniel Patrick Trant N-43 Abdoul Karim Traore N-68 Glenn J. Travers, Sr. N-32 Walter Philip Travers N-56 Felicia Yvette Traylor-Bass N-65 James Anthony Trentini N-2 Mary Barbara Trentini N-2 Lisa L. Trerotola N-67 Karamo Baba Trerra S-39 Michael Angel Trinidad N-31 Francis Joseph Trombino S-38 Gregory James Trost S-33 Willie Q. Troy S-1 William P. Tselepis, Jr. N-45 Zhanetta Valentinovna Tsoy N-13 Michael Patrick Tucker N-28 Lance Richard Tumulty S-31 Ching Ping Tung S-44 Simon James Turner N-20 Donald Joseph Tuzio S-39 Robert T. Twomey N-67 Jennifer Lynn Tzemis N-58

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U

John G. Ueltzhoeffer N-15 Tyler Victor Ugolyn N-59 Michael A. Uliano N-56 Jonathan J. Uman N-38 Anil Shivhari Umarkar N-34 Allen V. Upton N-39 Diane Marie Urban S-47

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V

John Damien Vaccacio N-43 Bradley Hodges Vadas S-35 William Valcarcel S-48 Felix Antonio Vale N-32 Ivan Vale N-32 Benito Valentin N-18 Santos Valentin, Jr. S-25 Carlton Francis Valvo II N-46 Pendyala Vamsikrishna N-74 Erica H. Van Acker S-55 Kenneth W. Van Auken N-52 R. Bruce Van Hine S-13 Daniel M. Van Laere S-62 Edward Raymond Vanacore S-41 Jon Charles Vandevander N-62 Frederick T. Varacchi N-38 Gopalakrishnan Varadhan N-46 David Vargas S-49 Scott C. Vasel N-16 Azael Ismael Vasquez N-24 Ronald J. Vauk S-73 Arcangel Vazquez S-41 Santos Vazquez N-31 Peter Vega S-11 Sankara Sastry Velamuri S-47 Jorge Velazquez S-47 Lawrence G. Veling S-7 Anthony Mark Ventura S-41 David Vera S-31 Loretta Ann Vero N-18 Christopher James Vialonga N-62 Matthew Gilbert Vianna N-34 Robert Anthony Vicario N-24 Celeste Torres Victoria N-20 Joanna Vidal N-20 John T. Vigiano II S-23 Joseph Vincent Vigiano S-23 Frank J. Vignola, Jr. N-48 Joseph Barry Vilardo N-28 Claribel Villalobos Hernandez N-23 Sergio Gabriel Villanueva S-23 Chantal Vincelli N-21 Melissa Renée Vincent N-65 Francine Ann Virgilio S-61 Lawrence Virgilio S-20 Joseph Gerard Visciano S-34 Joshua S. Vitale N-26 Maria Percoco Vola S-62 Lynette D. Vosges S-59 Garo H. Voskerijian N-13 Alfred Anton Vukosa N-35

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Gregory Kamal Bruno Wachtler N-60 Karen J. Wagner S-74 Mary Alice Wahlstrom N-1 Honor Elizabeth Wainio S-67 Gabriela Silvina Waisman N-23 Wendy Alice Rosario Wakeford N-53 Courtney Wainsworth Walcott S-46 Victor Wald N-63 Kenneth E. Waldie N-2 Benjamin James Walker N-16 Glen Wall N-57 Mitchel Scott Wallace S-26 Peter Guyder Wallace N-6 Robert Francis Wallace S-12 Roy Michael Wallace N-44 Jeanmarie Wallendorf S-36 Matthew Blake Wallens N-39 Meta L. Waller S-1 John Wallice, Jr. N-30 Barbara P. Walsh N-9 Jim Walsh N-34 Jeffrey P. Walz S-14 Ching Wang S-44 Weibin Wang N-36 Michael Warchola S-6 Stephen Gordon Ward N-48 Timothy Ray Ward S-2 James A. Waring N-31 Brian G. Warner N-37 Derrick Christopher Washington S-66 Charles Waters N-32 James Thomas Waters, Jr. S-34 Patrick J. Waters S-8 Kenneth Thomas Watson S-21 Michael Henry Waye N-8 Todd Christopher Weaver S-43 Walter Edward Weaver S-25 Nathaniel Webb S-28 Dinah Webster N-20 William Michael Weems S-4 Joanne Flora Weil S-45 Michael T. Weinberg S-17 Steven Weinberg S-37 Scott Jeffrey Weingard N-27 Steven George Weinstein N-13 Simon Weiser N-65 David M. Weiss S-8 David Thomas Weiss N-46 Chin Sun Pak Wells S-74 Vincent Michael Wells N-44 Deborah Jacobs Welsh S-67 Timothy Matthew Welty S-7 Christian Hans Rudolf Wemmers N-21 Ssu-Hui Wen N-34 John Joseph Wenckus N-2 Oleh D. Wengerchuk S-65 Peter M. West N-43 Whitfield West, Jr. N-35 Meredith Lynn Whalen N-60 Eugene Michael Whelan S-12 Adam S. White N-50 Edward James White III S-13 James Patrick White N-39 John Sylvester White N-63 Kenneth Wilburn White, Jr. N-24 Leonard Anthony White S-66 Malissa Y. White N-15 Maudlyn A. White S-74 Sandra L. White S-75 Wayne White N-9 Leanne Marie Whiteside S-59 Mark P. Whitford S-15 Leslie A. Whittington S-69 Michael T. Wholey S-29 Mary Lenz Wieman S-59 Jeffrey David Wiener N-12 William J. Wik S-60 Alison Marie Wildman N-61 Glenn E. Wilkinson S-14 Ernest M. Willcher S-75 John Charles Willett N-50 Brian Patrick Williams N-41 Candace Lee Williams N-75 Crossley Richard Williams, Jr. S-41 David J. Williams N-64 David Lucian Williams S-73 Debbie L. Williams S-54 Dwayne Williams S-74 Kevin Michael Williams S-50 Louie Anthony Williams N-66 Louis Calvin Williams III S-37 John P. Williamson S-8 Donna Ann Wilson S-56 William Eben Wilson S-61 David Harold Winton S-35 Glenn J. Winuk S-27 Thomas Francis Wise N-9 Alan L. Wisniewski S-52 Frank Paul Wisniewski N-53 David Wiswall S-55 Sigrid Charlotte Wiswe N-18 Michael R. Wittenstein N-52 Christopher W. Wodenshek N-49 Martin Phillips Wohlforth S-52 Katherine Susan Wolf N-3 Jennifer Yen Wong N-20 Siucheung Steve Wong N-4 Yin Ping Wong S-60 Yuk Ping Wong S-48 Brent James Woodall S-33 James John Woods N-26 Marvin Roger Woods S-73 Patrick J. Woods S-64 Richard Herron Woodwell S-35 David Terence Wooley S-9 John Bentley Works S-34 Martin Michael Wortley N-46 Rodney James Wotton S-43 William Wren, Ret. S-22 John W. Wright, Jr. S-50 Neil Robin Wright N-46 Sandra Lee Wright S-57

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Y

Jupiter Yambem N-69 John D. Yamnicky, Sr. S-71 Suresh Yanamadala N-16 Vicki Yancey S-70 Shuyin Yang S-70 Matthew David Yarnell S-41 Myrna Yaskulka N-60 Shakila Yasmin N-15 Olabisi Shadie Layeni Yee N-67 Kevin W. Yokum S-72 Edward P. York N-49 Kevin Patrick York S-31 Raymond R. York S-20 Suzanne Martha Youmans S-54 Barrington Leroy Young, Jr. S-31 Donald McArthur Young S-72 Edmond G. Young, Jr. S-74 Jacqueline Young N-3 Lisa L. Young S-1 Elkin Yuen N-61

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Joseph C. Zaccoli N-43 Adel Agayby Zakhary N-63 Arkady Zaltsman S-63 Edwin J. Zambrana, Jr. S-49 Robert Alan Zampieri N-62 Mark Zangrilli S-63 Christopher R. Zarba, Jr. N-1 Ira Zaslow S-46 Kenneth Albert Zelman N-19 Abraham J. Zelmanowitz N-65 Martin Morales Zempoaltecatl N-68 Zhe Zeng S-37 Marc Scott Zeplin N-27 Jie Yao Justin Zhao S-39 Yuguang Zheng S-70 Ivelin Ziminski N-5 Michael Joseph Zinzi N-14 Charles Alan Zion N-25 Julie Lynne Zipper S-49 Salvatore J. Zisa N-5 Prokopios Paul Zois N-18 Joseph J. Zuccala S-44 Andrew Steven Zucker S-45 Igor Zukelman S-43































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Our Addictive Gene

Every human has been hot wired with a special faith component to our souls, even agnostics and atheists have faith in what they believe. Another way to explain this would be to say we have all been created with an addiction gene. It's that ever yearning desire to find something that will make us feel like we belong, or comfortable in our own skin if you will.

From the moment we become conscious of our self, we begin searching for that One Thing our soul craves. For each of us it could be a different point in life. Some find it when they are 10, some at 14, and yet others may take years before they find it, even into their 90s or on their deathbed. Sadly, most humans never find it until it's much, much too late. However, each and everyone of us are in search of it, even though we don't realize it.

This search could take us on journeys far from home and away from loved ones, or it could consist of a life long search in the little town we were born and never leave from. As we search we will go through trials and tribulations from thinking we found it just to realize, that for which we search for has yet to be found. So we try to fill that empty cold spot with things like drugs, alcohol, sex, eating, television, work, money, shopping, and sports. We will go from one addiction to another, never feeling as fulfilled or satisfied as we were created to feel.

Not until we find the One True God of the Universe, our Creator, our Father, will we stop searching. That's because God wanted us to be addicted to Him. Sadly, the vast majority of humans will spend their life addicted to the wrong things. Only when we find Christ Jesus, will we truly be free of the addictions the world has to offer.

by Chuck Ness

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Book Of Proverbs


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The purpose of Writing the book of Proverbs was to reveal the mind of God in matters high and lofty and in common, ordinary, everyday situations. Through Solomon, God shared His Wisdom, and He made sure that no topic was left to question. Matters pertaining to personal conduct, sexual relations, business, wealth, charity, ambition, discipline, debt, child-rearing, character, alcohol, politics, revenge, and Godliness are among the many topics covered in this rich collection of wise sayings.

Without wisdom, knowledge is nothing more than an accumulation of raw facts, influenced by emotional feelings. Many highly educated people are in positions of power in the United States, but very few of those educated leaders have the wisdom needed to rule properly.

One can say that they have been educated well beyond their intelligence. A cursory look at the court system will prove my point that knowledge without wisdom will only lead to an immoral society that eventually crumbles from within. Judges are supposed to be above the fray, and immovable to emotions. Instead, the vast majority of judges today are Godless individuals who are vacant of wisdom. So their rulings are totally based upon emotional feelings.

We the people are to blame, because we ignored God's guidance in appointing our leaders. Instead of appointing God fearing men in positions of power, we chose those who would scratch our itchy ears to lead us. It is incumbent upon us to chose leaders who have faith in Christ, then and only then can we be assured that they will make wise decisions. Paul tells us that Christ is the Wisdom of God, so if you do not have Christ in your heart, it is impossible to make wise decisions. Instead our leaders continue to make decisions based upon man's wisdom. Yet we know that God uses foolish things to bring man's wisdom to shame.
For you see your calling, brethren, that not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called. But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to put to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to put to shame the things which are mighty; and the base things of the world and the things which are despised God has chosen, and the things which are not, to bring to nothing the things that are, that no flesh should glory in His presence. But of Him you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God--and righteousness and sanctification and redemption-- that, as it is written, "He who glories, let him glory in the LORD.1Corinthians 1:26-31
Now of the 31 Proverbs, only the first 24 were written by Solomon. King Hezekiah wrote 5, Proverbs 25 to 29, Agur wrote Proverb 30, and Lemuel's mother wrote Proverb 31. Many scholars believe Lemuel was in fact a nick name Solomon's Mother, Bathsheba, gave him. If so, then Proverb 31 would have been written by Bathsheba. Solomon wrote over 3000 Proverbs and composed 1000 songs, but the only Proverbs of Solomin that God decided to preserve for us are Proverbs 1-24.

Like the New Testament epistle by James, it is impossible to get a chronological outline for a study since they all bounce from subject to subject, and no one can be sure of the dates. Other than to say that Solomon wrote most of the Proverbs in his younger years, and as he got older his many wives led him into idolatry. He did return in his late years, and that is when he wrote Ecclesiastes.

Along with my daily routine of reading the Bible, I try to read through the book of Proverbs once a Month. It's an easy task when you consider there are 31 Proverbs. So all you need to know is what day of the Month it is. In the Months that have 30 days, or in the case of February, I just double up by reading more than one proverb so I can begin the next month with Proverb 1 on the first again.

Book Of Proverbs





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Activities Outlawed By Islam &
Punishable By Death


If we were to respect the Quran as the Muslim world says we should, even though they have no respect for the Christian Bible or the Jewish Torah, just so they will not get angry and kill innocent people, then here are the other things we should stop doing:

Educating  women.  Selling alcohol.  Pre-marital sexSharing a non-Muslim religious faith.  Democracy.  Disaster reliefSporting
events.  Allowing women to
dress as they please.  Being gay.  Being Hindu.  Being Christian.  Being Jewish.  Being Buddhist.  Being Sikh.  Being Ahmadi.  Being Sufi.  Going to the wrong mosque...

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Child Brides Of Islamic Men


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Child Brides Of Islamic Men


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Muhammad's 9 Year-Old Child Bride

   Sahih Bukhari

    Narrated Aisha: The Prophet engaged me when I was a girl of six (years). We went to Medina and stayed at the home of Bani-al-Harith bin Khazraj. Then I got ill and my hair fell down. Later on my hair grew (again) and my mother, Um Ruman, came to me while I was playing in a swing with some of my girl friends. She called me, and I went to her, not knowing what she wanted to do to me. She caught me by the hand and made me stand at the door of the house. I was breathless then, and when my breathing became Allright, she took some water and rubbed my face and head with it. Then she took me into the house. There in the house I saw some Ansari women who said, "Best wishes and Allah's Blessing and a good luck." Then she entrusted me to them and they prepared me (for the marriage). Unexpectedly Allah's Apostle came to me in the forenoon and my mother handed me over to him, and at that time I was a girl of nine years of age. Volume 5, Book 58, Number 234

    Narrated 'Aisha: I used to play with the dolls in the presence of the Prophet, and my girl friends also used to play with me. When Allah's Apostle used to enter (my dwelling place) they used to hide themselves, but the Prophet would call them to join and play with me. (The playing with the dolls and similar images is forbidden, but it was allowed for 'Aisha at that time, as she was a little girl, not yet reached the age of puberty.) (Fateh-al-Bari page 143, Vol.13) Volume 8, Book 73, Number 151

       Sahih Muslim


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    Chapter 10: IT IS PERMISSIBLE FOR THE FATHER TO GIVE THE HAND OF HIS DAUGHTER IN MARRIAGE EVEN WHEN SHE IS NOT FULLY GROWN UP.

    'A'isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported: Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) married me when I was six years old, and I was admitted to his house at the age of nine. She further said: We went to Medina and I had an attack of fever for a month, and my hair had come down to the earlobes. Umm Ruman (my mother) came to me and I was at that time on a swing along with my playmates. She called me loudly and I went to her and I did not know what she had wanted of me. She took hold of my hand and took me to the door, and I was saying: Ha, ha (as if I was gasping), until the agitation of my heart was over. She took me to a house, where had gathered the women of the Ansar. They all blessed me and wished me good luck and said: May you have share in good. She (my mother) entrusted me to them. They washed my head and embellished me and nothing frightened me. Allah's Messenger (, may peace be upon him) came there in the morning, and I was entrusted to him. Book 8, Number 3309.

    'A'isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported: Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) married me when I was six years old, and I was admitted to his house when I was nine years old. Book 8, Number 3310

    'A'isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) married her when she was seven years old, and he was taken to his house as a bride when she was nine, and her dolls were with her; and when he (the Holy Prophet) died she was eighteen years old. Book 8, Number 3311


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       Sunan Dawud

    Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) married me when I was seven or six. When we came to Medina, some women came. according to Bishr's version: Umm Ruman came to me when I was swinging. They took me, made me prepared and decorated me. I was then brought to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), and he took up cohabitation with me when I was nine. She halted me at the door, and I burst into laughter.  Book 41, Number 4915:

    Narrated AbuUsamah: The tradition mentioned above (No. 4915) has also been transmitted by AbuUsamah in a similar manner through a different chain of narrators. This version has: "With good fortune. " She (Umm Ruman) entrusted me to them. They washed my head and redressed me. No one came to me suddenly except the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) in the forenoon. So they entrusted me to him.  Book 41, Number 4916:

    Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: When we came to Medina, the women came to me when I was playing on the swing, and my hair were up to my ears. They brought me, prepared me, and decorated me. Then they brought me to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and he took up cohabitation with me, when I was nine. Book 41, Number 4917


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    As an older man of fifty-plus years, Muhammad married a mere child of six years old and co-habited with her when she was 9 years old.  As quoted above, the most trusted collections of hadiths establish the authenticity of this oral tradition. But still, Western Muslims are embarrassed by these hadiths.  Sometimes they use a Weak hadith defense to excuse Muhammad's child marriage.

    At other times, they use an Arabic culture defense by claiming that no one has the right to judge Oriental culture by Occidental norms.  Now, this is a strange defense to make, since Muslims frequently criticized Western culture as being morally decadent. If another culture cannot be morally evaluated, then other cultures must not be judged as morally decadent.  But, this conclusion is not acceptable to Muslims, since they argue that an Islamic culture is the better culture.  So, we must conclude that cultures may be evaluated morally, or that, someone is hypocritically judging others while not permitting themselves to be judged by the same standard.  

    However, if hypocrisy is not a good alternative, then it is concluded that cultures may be evaluated morally.  In fact, it is permissible, and even desirable, to have moral discussions on cultural issues.  Moral discussions on cultural issues occur in many different cultures.

    So, the problem of Muhammad marrying a child cannot be defended on Eastern cultural grounds.  The issue remains as to whether or not Muhammad acted rightly in marrying a six year old.  Certainly, it is wrong according to the natural order of Allah's creation. In fact, many nations of the world list such behavior as a crime against nature.  Thus, it must be concluded that Muhammad committed a grave moral sin against the moral order of Allah's creation.  And, his behavior is a reprehensible example for others to follow.  It is tragic to read news reports of old men marrying children in some Islamic countries, because they seek to follow the example of Muhammad who married a child.  Muhammad had such an interest in fondling young girls, he criticized even the lawful marriage union of two grown adults.  


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    Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: When I got married, Allah's Apostle said to me, "What type of lady have you married?" I replied, "I have married a matron' He said, "Why, don't you have a liking for the virgins and for fondling them?" Jabir also said: Allah's Apostle said, "Why didn't you marry a young girl so that you might play with her and she with you?' Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 7, Book 62, Number 17.


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    In the classic history of "The Life of Muhammad" (Sirat Rasul Allah) by Ibn Ishaq, there is an account in which Muhammad expressed a marital interest in a crawling baby.  This event seems to have occurred around the time of the Battle of of Badr which would have made Muhammad approximately 55 years old.  He had married Ayesha two years earlier, when he was 53 years of age.

    (Suhayli, ii. 79: In the riwaya of Yunus I. I. recorded that the apostle saw her (Ummu'lFadl) when she was a baby crawling before him and said, 'If she grows up and I am still alive I will marry her.'  But he died before she grew up and Sufyan b. al-Aswad b. 'Abdu'l-Asad al-Makhzumi married her and she bore him Rizq and Lubab...1

    So, Muhammad's interest in young girls extended beyond Ai'sha ('Ayesha).  Why would anyone think that Muhammad's sexual interest in babies be "the timeless expression of the Will of Allah?"  How does such a prurient desire support Muhammad's claim to be a prophet of Allah?  Such a desire by an old man is contrary to nature, and it is a perversion against the moral order of Allah's universe.

    An example of one of the problems of child marriages: "Sierra Leone's silent sufferers. Most commonly the head of the foetus is too large to enter the birth canal, and presses the bladder against the bony side wall of the pelvis. Crushed in that way over a period of days, the tissue dies and a hole is created. From that moment the women are never free of the trickle of urine. Fatmata's experience was as typical as it was catastrophic. She was rejected by her husband, and by her family. Regarded as unclean - and by some as jinxed - she was driven out of her village. ...

    They included 15-year-old Sia Foday who was married off by her family at the age of nine and was quickly pregnant.  Sia - small for her age - was only 10 when she tried to give birth and ended up incontinent. Another of the women, Aminata Kanda, said she only survived because her children collected firewood to sell and helped her tend a small garden. "Life was really horrible for me. When I was in this sickness the urine was coming non-stop... the odour of the urine is horrible... that is why even my husband wouldn't allow me to stay in his house," she says."

Yet, according to Islam, Muhammad is the perfection of humanity and the prototype of the most wonderful human conduct. He married a nine year-old and leaves an enduring legacy for old Muslim men to fulfill their carnal desires contrary to natural law and to the life-long devastation of young girls.


1 Ibn Ishaq, The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, Translated by A. Guillaume, Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, (Re-issued in Karachi, Pakistan, 1967, 13th impression, 1998) 1955, p. 311.
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Proof Obama is a Muslim

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    In the photo above, Obama is taking his shoes off, because when Muslims pray, they pray on a prayer rug and are required to remove their shoes. You don’t step on a prayer rug because it needs to be clean and stay pure. Feet and shoes have a very strange connotation in middle eastern culture, as does showing the bottoms of your feet. Even if they are not in their temple, the mat suffices as the temple.

    This picture of Obama taking off his shoes- is actually from Obama’s visit to The Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Turkish: Sultanahmet Camii) in Turkey in April of 2009….not of Obama praying at the White House. It is a historical mosque in Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey and the capital of the Ottoman Empire (from 1453 to 1923). The mosque is popularly known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior…. and it is the same Blue Mosque that the blue tiled minaret of the Flight 93 Memorial is modeled after. That mosque is under construction in Pennsylvania right now- over the bodies of our dead heroes as a tribute to the 19 Islamic terrorist hijackers of 9/11.

    Remember, Christ says you will be known by your actions, because actions speak louder then words. In this case Obama's actions prove he is Muslim and not Christian. To make my point, let us look at what the Bible says about how God's children should deal with other gods.

      You shall have no other gods before Me. Exo 20:3 you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, Exodus 20:3-5

      You shall not go after other gods, the gods of the peoples who are all around you Deuteronomy 6:14

      Then it shall be, if you by any means forget the LORD your God, and follow other gods, and serve them and worship them, I testify against you this day that you shall surely perish. Deuteronomy 8:19

      Take heed to yourselves, lest your heart be deceived, and you turn aside and serve other gods and worship them, Deuteronomy 11:16

      So it is very simple to understand that the one true God tells us to have nothing to do with false gods or their temples. We are specifically told to stay away from them and their temples. As I said, even their mats are temples of the Muslim false god Allah. Only a man who is not a Christian would ever enter the house of a false god and worship. They say pictures are worth a thousand words, and the one of Obama removing his shoes to enter the Mosque in Turkey proves he is not a Christian.


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Quotes by Barack Hussein Obama,
Praising Islam


    "Islam has a proud tradition of tolerance." (Remember, It was Muslim conquers who burnt down the worlds greatest ancient library in Alexandria Egypt, so much for tolerance huh?)

    "it is important for Western countries to avoid impeding Muslim citizens from practicing religion as they see fit"

    "We will convey our deep appreciation for the Islamic faith, which has done so much over so many centuries to shape the world for the better, including my own country."

    "The contribution of Muslims to the United States are too long to catalog because Muslims are so interwoven into the fabric of our communities and our country"

    "I have lived in a Muslim-majority country... I know, because I am one of them." (nice of him to admit thet he is Muslim ain't it?)

    "As a student of history, I also know civilization's debt to Islam."

    "Islam has demonstrated through words and deeds the possibilities of religious tolerance and racial equality."

    "And since our founding, American Muslims have enriched the United States."

    "And I consider it part of my responsibility as President of the United States to fight against negative stereotypes of Islam wherever they appear."

    "Moreover, freedom in America is indivisible from the freedom to practice one's religion. That is why there is a mosque in every state of our union, and over 1,200 mosques within our borders. That is why the U.S. government has gone to court to protect the right of women and girls to wear the hijab, and to punish those who would deny it."

    "And one of the points I want to make is, is that if you actually took the number of Muslim Americans, we'd be one of the largest Muslim countries in the world...And so there's got to be a better dialogue and a better understanding between the two peoples." "We are not nor have we even been at war with Islam"

    Barack Hussein Obama



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Christian Apologetical, &
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Written by Chuck Ness
aka "OneVike"

Isaiah, the Fifth Evangelist

Book Of Isaiah, A Miniature Bible

Was Jesus A Socialist?

Adored By Social Outcasts

Hated For My Names Sake

Man Regurgitated From Whale
Lives To Tell About It


Is There A Parallel Spiritual World

Delusions of Evolution

A Love Letter From
Our Father In Heaven


Search My Heart Lord

Lifted Up, Like A Snake The Desert

My Thoughts On The
Epistle Of Hebrews


Open

Christ's Messages to the Seven
Churches of Revelation


Christ's Message to Ephesus
The Loveless Church


Christ's Message to Smyrna
The Persecuted Church


Christ's Message to Pergamos
The Comprimising Church


Christ's Message to Thyatira
the Corrupt Church


Christ's Message to Sardis
The Dead Church


Christ's Message to Philadelphia
The Faithful Church


Christ's Message to Laodicea
The Lukewarm Church


A Message To The Church Of America

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Isaiah, the Fifth Evangelist


by Chuck Ness

I would like to broaden your understanding of the book Christ read from while in the synagogue of His home town, Luke_4:16-30 so that you may better appreciate the book written by the Fifth Evangelist. While Isaiah is the most often quoted prophet in the New Testament, his book can be as obscure as it is interesting. Even many Christians will admit they know very little about the book and what it has to offer for their walk with Christ. Other than being familiar with a few famous passages that foretold the advent of Christ Isa_9:6 and his suffering Isa_53:1-12, most people don’t know that there are prophecies that coincide with the book of Revelations. Isa_13:1-13, Isa_14:1-22. Unfortunately, because of their unfamiliarity they miss out on the true gift Isaiah has to offer.

From the beginning of time the Lord had a plan of salvation for mankind, Gen_3:15. "And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel."Ecc_3:15 "That which is has been already and that which will be has already been, for God seeks what has passed by." However, the first mention of His plan to give us the gift of His Son is Gen_3:15. The last mention of His plan for our salvation is in the book of Revelations, Rev_22:20 "He who testifies to these things says, 'Yes, I am coming quickly.' Amen. Come, Lord Jesus". A promise that may be truly said to every person in every age, Jesus the Judge is at the door. In Isaiah, you will find God's plan for the salvation of mankind Isa_53:10, His plan of judgment for the world, and those who would refuse his gift Isa_13:6-13. His birth Isa_9:6, His death Isa_53:8, and His resurrection Isa_53:10 are also foretold within the pages of this book. We can either ignore Isaiah's prophecies like the Jews did or, as Christ taught, we can embrace them. This is the first time the Lord spoke of a savior for mankind and He did so at the very dawning of the gospel day. No sooner was the deadly poisonous wound given than the remedy was provided and revealed. The Lord had planed from the beginning that the one who was first deceived would be the one through whom the guilt of the world would fall. Since sin is handed down through the man, the sin nature of man was not handed down to the Messiah. So He is truly the unblemished Lamb whom the Lord accepted as the perfect sin offering. One can even glean from the Scriptures that the Lord had a plan for salvation even before He spoke the heavens and the earth into existence,

I called Isaiah the “Fifth Evangelist”, and I did so because Isaiah described what would happen to Christ for our salvation in such a way that one would think he had a front row seat at Golgotha. Not even John, the most beloved and only apostle to witness His crucifixion, wrote as detailed an account as Isaiah did. No, Isaiah the Prophet was not present, instead he received a first hand account from the very One who would suffer on that cross. So when you look at the way Isaiah spoke of future events, as if they were in his past, it’s easy to see why he is often referred to as either the fifth Evangelist or the first Apostle of Christ.

Isaiah's first reference to the Messiah is not a prophecy of His birth but a prophecy that the Jews would reject Him Isa_6:9-10. When you look at the traditions of the ancient writers you find that very seldom is the birth or childhood of a famous person mentioned. The Jews were exceptions in that they often mentioned the day of birth, but it was a man's accomplishments as an adult that gave the scribes a reason to write about him or his childhood. While Isaiah foretells many aspects of what the Messiah's life would entail, such as His birth Isa_7:14, His ministry Isa_9:1-2, and His many miracles Isa_35:5-6, it is the Lords rejection by the Jews that Isaiah mentions first. Without the Jews rejection of Christ the gentiles would not have been saved, thus it only makes sense that this would be the first prophecy Isaiah mentions. So just as they rejected the Lord time and time again throughout their history, they would also reject the very One they looked forward to for salvation.

Like many other prophets, Isaiah was also rejected and ultimately murdered by those he was sent to by the Lord. Christ would even allude to these rejection and murder in his parable of the absent landowner. Matt 21:33-44 Isaiah came bearing a plan, given by God, for the restoration of the remnant of Israel who would truly return to Him. This plan also included the redemption for all mankind as Isaiah repeatedly pointed out Isa_11:10, Isa_49:1, Isa_53:10-12, Isa_59:15-16. Through Isaiah's writings, the Jews should have known that the Lord was also sending the Messiah to save the hated gentiles. As we now know, the Jews would be the first to persecute the Christians. Even before they crucified their Messiah they were expelling his believers from the sanctuaries John_9:28-34. Isaiah also conveys to us the compassion the Lord has for His chosen people and His desire for their redemption. Isa_65:19, Isa_65:24.

What an amazing prophecy! Long before I was born God knew I would be knee deep in transgressions against Him, and even before I called on His name he came to my rescue. When God destroyed the world by water, Noah and his family needed an Ark designed by God Himself to survive the Flood. As Christians, we realize that we also need a type of an Ark and for us that Ark is Christ. Through Isaiah, God gives us the blueprints for that Ark. Unlike the Ark that saved Noah and his family however, the Ark Christians depend upon was completely constructed by God. It is this Ark that was promised from the day Adam and Eve ate from the “Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil”. Gen_3:1-7 Isaiah wrote about this some 760 years before the birth of Christ. Throughout the Bible we have evidence of the Lord's promises, and all we need to do is have faith in those promises, just as we have faith in the promise Jesus gave Nicodemus . “For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life”. Jhn_3:16

For those who are skeptical about the timing of these prophecies, the evidence we have is backed up by many overwhelming facts as to the Historicity of the Scriptures. When the “Dead Sea Scrolls” were discovered, it was learned that the current translation of Isaiah has not changed through the years, other than a few nondescript grammatical errors. But probably the best proof of God's promises is the fulfillment by Jesus of the more than 120 Isaiah prophecies about the coming Messiah. Along with hundreds of other Old Testament prophecies fulfilled by Jesus, I believe it takes an act of mental ignorance to ignore the prophetic evidence of God's faithfulness to follow through on His promises.

As for me, I have no reason to doubt the future fulfillment of the Lord's remaining promises. By studying Isaiah and his many prophecies, I have learned to see what they really represent; the Eternal as opposed to the temporal. The when, where, who, and how are just temporal, but the Eternal is what is promised and that is where my hope lies. My faith through the grace of God has allowed me to be washed by the Blood of the Lamb. My parched soul has been renewed by the life giving water flowing from the Rock that follows me through this desert of sin called the world. My salvation was paid for Christ' victory on Calvary, and I am assured of eternal life because of His resurrection. While I anxiously await His return so that I may enjoy an eternal rest in His Glory, I invite you to join me by accepting Christ as your Lord and savior.

I pray that those who have ears to hear will hear His voice and call upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. Amen

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Book Of Isaiah, A Miniature Bible


by Chuck Ness



If you ever want to study a book of the Bible that will give you great insight from a prophetic point of view, may I suggest you study the Book of Isaiah. Isaiah wrote what many have called the miniature Bible in the Bible. Like all Scripture, Isaiah is inspired by God. However, Isaiah is unique in it's arrangement. Something I believe it was divinely inspired to be so.

Consider the following, how many books does the Bible have? Sixty-six. How many chapters does Isaiah have? Sixty-six. How many books are there in the Old Testament? Thirty-nine, and therefore twenty-seven in the New Testament. And the book of Isaiah divides exactly in that way. The first half of the book comprises thirty-nine chapters. There is a distinct division at chapter 40, so that the remaining twenty-seven chapters constitute the second half of this book like the New Testament.

The first 39 chapters shows man's worship is vain and the people are wicked as idolatry is rampant. Thus we learn of the need for restoration with God, as it explains the judgment of God towards a sinful people. Interestingly, chapter 39 warns of the coming captivity of Judah by Babylon. This is where the Old testament ends with Isaiah.

Now continuing along this thought, chapter 39 of Isaiah is where the Old Testament ends in this analogy and the jump from chapters 39 to 40 could be looked at as the silent years. This is where God is not recorded to have spoken through any prophets. It's not until The Angel of The Lord appears to Zacharias that the New Testament begins.

In chapter 40 of Isaiah, the New Testament begins with the history of John the Baptist as he came to announce the coming of the Messiah. This chapter contains the prophetic passage that predicts the coming of John the Baptist:
The voice of one crying in the wilderness:
"Prepare the way of the LORD;
Make straight in the desert
A highway for our God. "
(Isaiah 40:3 )
John the Baptists uses of this verse when responding to the question by the Priests, if he is Elijah. Thus fulfilling Isaiah's prophesy. The New Testament has begun, which is chapter 40 of Isaiah. Later in chapter 53 is a description of Christ, His persecution, and His sacrifice. The description of which is so accurate you would think Isaiah was present when it happened. His description is even more accurate than the one written by the Lord's most beloved Disciple, John.

When you get to the end of the book you will find that chapter 66 speaks of the new heavens and the new earth that God is creating, which should remind you of the promises at the end of the book of the Revelation of Jesus Christ.

Now imagine if you will, that you are a Jewish Priest and the year is 500 B.C.. Let's say you have in your hands the scrolls handed down from before the Babylonian captivity, and among these scrolls is Isaiah's writings. Imagine the most important prophecies handed down from God to man, are yours for the reading some 500 years before John the baptist was born.

Sadly, the Priests of the time were clueless as to the importance of Isaiah's writings, where he explained why the world had such horrid problems. What they especially misunderstood was the inspiring solution God had planned for the Jews and mankind. Something Isaiah foretold more clearly than any other Prophet of the Old Testament. Yet, as they continually did, they refused to heed the lessons, and instead continued in their ignorance of what God was warning them about. Thus the reason they never even recognized Him when He walked among them.

Well, you have these writings all in a convenient collection, we call the Bible. You don't need to only read the miniature Bible by Isaiah to know what's coming, you have all the letters written by Paul, Luke, Mark and the disciples who walked with the Lord. I hope this will peak your curiosity so that you will seriously consider a study of the book many have called the miniature Bible, written by the man Saint Jerome called, "The Fifth Evangelist."

Christ tells us that He will return like a thief in the night. Could tonight be the time when He returns to bring you home? Are you ready?

I pray that those who have ears to hear will hear His voice and call upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.  Amen
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Was Jesus A Socialist?


It has been the aim of the Democrat party since they lost the Presidential election in 2004 to subvert the Christian doctrine with the claim that Jesus was a socialist. Their goal is to convince Christians that their Social agenda is morally equivalent with the teachings and life of Jesus Christ. Considering the lack of historical and Biblical knowledge most Americans have, it is not surprising that many have fallen for the misinformation on what Jesus taught (and for whom the teachings were given). These Biblical revisionists have become especially adept at cherry picking Scripture to suit their agenda. Hence, many have come to misunderstand the gospel of Christ by equating it with modern day Socialism.

My first point of contention with the idea that Christ was a socialist, is His teachings and the example of His life. Throughout the time that Christ lived with His disciples, He never worked. Instead he was dependent upon the charity and good hearts of those who surrounded Him. Now that is not to say Jesus was lazy or a bum either. Jesus was always about His fathers business, and that bussiness was the salvation of mankind. You will find nowhere in the Scriptures, Jesus telling His followers to rely upon those who are not willing to hear the gospel or share what they have. If the people refused to hear the gospel or be charitable with them, Jesus told His disciples to rebuke them and go to others who are willing to hear the teachings, as when He sent them out by pairs. (Matthew chapter 10)

I must emphasize that all of the lessons Jesus taught were for those who followed Him, or would listen to His teachings. When a person asked for healing or for forgiveness, Jesus always told them that their sins were forgiven and to go and sin no more. As for money, there was only one time He mentioned the wealth of an individual and that was because that individual treasured his wealth over God. Jesus used the incident as a lesson to tell His disciples that it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle then for a rich man to get into heaven. Not impossible, but more difficult. He tells us elsewhere that where your treasure is there too is where your heart will be. (Matthew 6:21)

Jesus also taught that we should not let our charitable work be publicly known. (Matthew 6:1-4) Those who love to brag about all the good they have done for others through the Social programs of the government would not be true followers of Jesus or his teachings.

When Jesus did finally have His big chance to influence the government and it's rulers, he did not broach the subject of socialism or it's supposed glory. Not only did He not enlighten them upon the benefits of Socialism, He would not even share the Gospel with them.

If Jesus was the great Socialist leader the left wants you to believe then why would He not get the government to follow His lead. After all, the perfect time to influence the government was when he was in front of Pontius Pilot or Herod. He did not. The Scriptures tell us that He kept silent in front of Herod. ( Luke 23:6- 12) He said only a few words to Pontius Pilot. (John 18:33-19:11) That is because Jesus did not come to influence the government, but the people who needed salvation. He wanted men to believe in Him not some social agenda that would get the government to do what Christians were called to do. These are the lessons His disciples continued to teach after he was gone, and those lessons would come into play in the Book of Acts.

Most people have heard the story about the early days of Christianity, where everyone sold their possessions and distributed the proceeds to other Christians in need. (Acts 4:34-35) This is one of the main Scriptures used by the left to convince people that the early Christians practiced Socialism. Unfortunately, many people do not realize that this is something that happened mainly among the Christian believers. By taking into consideration the historical setting of the Book of Acts, you will begin to better understand the reason why there was a need for this kind of outpouring among the early Christians.

During the time when Christ walked among us and taught His disciples, and later after His crucifixion, resurrection and ascension into Heaven, Jerusalem was an economically depressed area. Most of the employment opportunities centered around the building of Herod 's Temple, and the only ones eligible to work on the Temple were Jews. The only Jews that were allowed to work on the Temple were those who were ceremonially clean. Anyone that was unclean or found to be unfit by the priests were barred from working on the Temple. There were various reasons one could be considered unclean or at odds with the Priests who controlled the work force. A Jew who openly confessed faith in Christ and followed His teachings, was automatically considered a Heretic and unfit for consideration of employment in the Temple. They were also ostracized by their close relatives and the community, and soon found themselves unable to support themselves or their family.

It was under these conditions that the first Christians came together and pooled their resources so that the many who lacked the basics to care for themselves could be taken care of in the face of such harsh treatment in their communities. These early Christians were not only shunned by society, but many like Stephen were stoned to death for their faith in Christ. All they had was other Christians to depend upon. So while we do read in the Book of Acts about communal living, where all things were in common, it was from the excess many had so that those in need could be cared for. That does not mean that all were equal, or that those who had means split those means equally with those who did not have means, but rather they provided for the necessities of those who could not do so for themselves. What the Book of Acts records is that the early Christians stepped up and did what Christ called them to do.

We can also see in the Book of Acts that a Christian could give as much or as little as they wanted, as in the account of Ananias and his wife Sapphira. (Acts 5:1-10) The Scriptures tell us they were put to death by the Holy Spirit for lying about how much they received because they wanted everyone to believe they donated all the proceeds from some possessions they sold. The lesson we learn from the incident is that they were not required to give everything but to be honest about their donation. Later when it was prophesied that a famine would come to the land, the disciples in Antioch collected money to send with Paul and Barnabas to be delivered to Jerusalem. (Acts 11:27-30) They did not ask Herod, Caesar, the Jews, or unbelieving Gentiles for help, they collected the money from other Christians.

Now for those who want to equate this outpouring of sharing with the idea of modern day socialism, I would suggest a short course in Biblical Theology. Christianity teaches that it is up to the individual to care for others, whereas, Socialism demands forced equality enacted by the government. Also, while it is the Christian's obligation to look after the widows and the poor, Paul specifically told the Thessalonians in his 2nd letter to them, that if a healthy able bodied brother will not work he will not eat. (2 Thessalonians 3:10) Socialism on the other hand, not only promotes but demands that those who work will feed those who are lazy and will not work. This is not what Christ taught. Jesus did not have the Good Samaritan in Luke's Gospel tell the injured man in the road to seek a government social worker. The Good Samaritan gave of what was his own willingly, not under the duress of the state. (Luke 10:25-37)

Throughout the life of Christ, He always emphasized personal responsibility and love. That is because Christ came to save mankind from the penalty of sin, which is eternal death. It is through the substitutionary death of Christ and His resurrection that we are provided with the means for justification and thus salvation. Jesus said that all who believe and receive Him through faith, will be born again and saved to become children of God. Christ could care less about the governments and their so-called compassion. That is why you will not find anywhere in the Scriptures a verse that says He died for the salvation of the state.

Jesus died for the salvation of man and it is men's hearts that will be judged on judgment day. No man will be judged according to how much he paid in taxes, or how many government programs he supported. We are told to pay tribute to our rulers if they ask, but charity starts and ends at home with each individual. That is why Christ said, “Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brethren, you did it to Me.” Notice that He said, as you did, not as the government did. (Matthew 25:35-39 )

One last point that needs to be made, and that is for anyone who doubts that Communism and Socialism are two feathers from the same bird. Frederick Engels' wrote the preface to the 1888 edition of the “Communist Manifesto”, in which he declares that the Communist Manifesto "is undoubtedly the most widespread, the most international production of all Socialist literature, the common platform acknowledged by millions of working men from Siberia to California."

Socialism means economic control of the people by government. In a socialist country, the state is all-powerful. Such an all-powerful state views itself and not God as the ultimate authority. It is not surprising, therefore, that the Communist Manifesto calls for abolishing family, marriage, countries, and religion as well as private property. Under the socialist system the state determines what is right and wrong without any competing loyalties to God, family, or country.

Make no mistake about it, Jesus was not what politicians and their mimics in the media claim He was. He was not, and He did not teach, Socialism. He said I am the way, the truth, and the light, no one comes to the Father accept through Me. Christians are called to be the light of the world, we should influence the world through our lives and share the gospel with those who are receptive. If the Gospel, as Christ taught it, is rejected by those we whom we share it, then we are told to kick the dust from our shoes and go on. (Mark 6:11) We are not instructed to force them to be loving and charitable through the power of a Socialized government.

I pray that those who have ears to hear, will hear His voice and call upon His name.
Amen

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Adored By Social Outcasts


by Chuck Ness
Friday, December 25, 2009 (edited 10/18/20)

One late evening, a little over 2026 years ago, a man named Joseph and his young wife named Mary arrived in Bethlehem. Only to discover that there were no rooms at the local inn. Imagine the frightening situation they faced since Mary, who was expecting a child, probably had been experiencing birth pains for the last 10 miles of their 80 mile journey. Now that they had finally reached their destination they were told that the only place the Inn keeper had to offer for their comfort was an animal shelter. Now that was not exactly the place Joseph expected his wife and him to be spending the night when they reached their destination.

Imagine the stench from the animals and the flies that buzzed around them. Even considering the archaic way children entered the world back then, this was not the way Mary and Joseph had envisioned their first child to be born in. Considering their choices, Joseph made Mary as comfortable as he could for the anticipated time when their newborn child would be born.

The Scriptures are silent as to whether or not Mary had suffered pains in the birth, or if GOD blessed her with some spiritual relief from the pain. If not, then I imagine her screams from the pain of childbirth would soon break the silence of the night as their first Son entered the world. Either way the only ones, besides Joseph and Mary, to greet the Savior of the World into the World was the animals in the shelter.

However, it would not be long before some very unsavory individuals would stop by to greet the new parents and their child. They were shepherds who had been tending their flocks in the fields when an Angel visited to announce the birth of the Savior in the City of David, Bethleham.
....For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. And this will be the sign to you: You will find a Babe wrapped in swaddling cloths, lying in a manger." Luke 2:12-13

Yes, that was not a missprint. I meant to use that term, "Unsavory Individuals". See, since the days when King David was a young shepherd boy and God chose him to lead Israel, the shepherds had gained themselves a reputation of being unsavory. In Jesus day shepherds were among the lowest and most despised social groups in Judea. After all, the very nature of a shepherd's job would keep them from entering into the mainstream of Israel's society.

Some of these men were usually transients who would take any job they could find just to work. Others would have been former landowners who lost their land for one reason or another. So Jews considered them to be of questionable character, since God obviously punished them for some untold sin they had committed. Reasons like these are why in the days of Jesus, being a shepherd was considered a job for unsavory individuals. How many times do we see a whole class of individuals marked as bad, or questionable, because of the circumstances they find themselves in or the company they find themsleves inadvertently keeping.

However, many of these men were actually married with families, who would have to be away for months at a time. This was considered foolish and dishonorable to leave your family for extended periods. In today's world we would lump these individuals into the same category as we do the migrant farm workers, carnival workers, or even the down and out individuals standing on the corner carrying signs that read, "Will Work for Food". Just because some use the money for illicit purposes, does not give us the right to lump all in the same category, but we do.

Reminds me of the job I had as a teenager working on a carnival. Carnival workers are called Carnies, and considered to be unsavory individuals.. It was many many years ago in the Summer of 1972. I was but 16 and I was hired on to travel all Summer with the show. As you can imagine many drifters end up working on carnivals, just as sheepherders did in Jesus time. I was traveling around the country with individuals of questionable character, and thus I too was considered to be a person of questionable character. Most of the places we stopped at were small towns and we would set things up in places like the Mall parking lots.

One time we joined 10 other small carnivals for the State fair in Elvis Presley's home town of Tupelo Mississippi. I remember the Sheriff coming onto the fair grounds and telling many of us Carnies, that if we step off the fair grounds and so much as spit on the sidewalk he would lock us up. Well, at 16, I decided it was best to not visit the town of Tupelo.

Like the shepherds of the days when Christ was born, we had a bad reputation as being social outcasts. They were not welcome in the towns, and neither were we. They were told to stay in the fields, and we were told to stay on the fair grounds. I can only imagine if I was so honored by GOD to have HIS Angel visit me one night while I was relaxing after a long day, and announce to me such an event.

Another mark against shepherds was, because they had to work odd hours, they could not obey the religious ceremonial laws. So, they were barred from the Temple. Under the Mosaic Law, every Jewish male was required to attend three feasts a year, the Passover, the Pentecost, and the Feast of the Tabernacle. Like the blind, the lame, and the lepers, shepherds were considered unclean. If a crime was committed, the first ones suspected were the unsavory shepherds whom no one knew much about. Consider what Rabbi Meir wrote in the Jewish Mishnah about the Jewish views on trade, tradesmen, and the trades Guilds;
Abba Gurjan of Zadjan said, "In name of Abba Gurja. Let not a man bring up his son to be a donkey-driver, nor a camel-driver, nor a barber, nor a sailor nor a shepherd, nor a peddler; for their occupations are those of thieves"

Yup, these are the kinds of unsavory characters respectable Jews would have nothing to do with. You would think that shepherds would be the last ones God would send His angels to inform about the birth of His Son. However, when you consider what God sent His Son to do, it makes perfect sense for Him to notify those of low station like the shepherds. After all, consider these three statements by Jesus; the first was directed towards the Pharisees who questioned why He would dare hang out with sinners and tax collectors.
"Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick. I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance." Mark 2:17"

The second statement was directed to those who complained when Jesus went into the house of Zaccheus, a chief tax collector in Jericho who had made his living by charging exuberant taxes from his fellow Jews. However, after spending some time with Jesus, he told the crowd that he was returning that which he had unjustly taken from his fellow man. Jesus then said of his change of heart,
"Today salvation has come to this house, because he also is a son of Abraham; for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost." Luke 19:10

Finally, the third statement by Christ is from a conversation He had one evening with Nicodemus, a leading teacher for the people of Israel. John 3:14-16
"For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life" John 3:16

The twenty five words of John 3:16, convey the Lord's heart, the Lord's plan, and the lord's will for our lives. No Scripture in the Bible defines Christianity better then this verse does, and it is this passage that makes the first two statements I offered so profound. Together as a whole, these three statements explain why the shepherds were notified instead of King Herod, the High Priest, or the leading citizens of the community.

See, the wealthy and powerful would become the ones who were more interested in getting Him out of their way, whereas the lost, the sick, and the hopeless would be attracted to him and His message of eternal salvation. It would be the hopeless He came to give hope to, the sick He came to heal, and the lost He came to find. So it only makes sense that God would send His angels to bring the good news to those whom His Son would eventually shepherd.

One morning a little over 2026 yrs ago, a child was born to a virgin. The manger in which he lay was in a little town where the lambs to be sacrificed at the Temple roamed the countryside. How fitting it was it, that the very misfits who tended the sheep for the Temple would be the first ones, other than His earthly parents, to see and greet the Lamb of God who would one day be sacrificed for the sins of the world.

I pray that those who have ears to hear will hear His voice and call upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. Amen

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"


Hated For My Names Sake


by Chuck Ness
October 25, 2020

Many people complain when a Christian, like me, uses Trump's faith as a reason for his success. While I understand their argument, I disagree with it. We are told by Christ, that if we have the faith of a mustard seed, we could accomplish amazing things. Throughout his life, Donald Trump has accomplished amazing things. Yet, once he became President, his accomplishments have overshadowed even those of Ronald Reagan. Yes, I said that. I loved Reagan, but even he did not have to face the things Trump has.

Trump’s faith in Christ, has put a bullseye right on his chest. He has become the enemy of the Worlds most powerful elites, the entire MSM, the United State Government's DeepState, and the Republican never Trumpers, who all hate him. Christ said that those who follow HIM would be persecuted, and no leader in the US has ever faced such persecution for doing the right thing as Donald Trump has. It's a testament to his faith in Christ, and his own self confidence, as to why he has been able to continually beat them every time they come at him. 

This is what Jesus said would happen to those who follow Him.

"Then they will deliver you up to tribulation and kill you, and you will be hated by all nations for My name’s sake. And then many will be offended, will betray one another, and will hate one another. Then many false prophets will rise up and deceive many. And because lawlessness will abound, the love of many will grow cold. But he who endures to the end shall be saved." Matthew 24:9-13

Like it or not, Trump's success points to his faith in following Christ. How? By ruling in an honest and open manner. He does what he say's he will do. That is what God requires all leaders HE puts in power to do. Be honest with the people you lead, and treat them fair. Trump is a quintessential honest upfront leader who does exactly what he claims he will do. What a refreshing thing to see in a World leader.

Trump became President at a time in America when the difference between evil and good has never been so clear. Most Christians never thought they would ever see, nor experience the things happening in America today. Who would ever have imagined just 10 years ago, that the United States would be on the brink of a Communist Totalitarian takeover? I can’t help but think of folks who grew up in past generations, who are now long buried. Those who lived in the Laura Ingall times of the 19th century prairie days. Did they ever come close to imagining what kind of world we would have in the 21st Century? Yet here we are, actually living in such times.

Let me repeat Christ's statement to us, "You will be hated by all nations because of me". Matthew 24:9 It’s What Jesus warned us of, and today we all know it’s not just a futuristic thing anymore. Since Obama signed the so-called "Hate Crimes Bill” into law back in 2009, the progression of persecution against Christians in America has steadily increased. It’s just a matter of time before Christians are persecuted for quoting Scripture from the Bible. Truth is, in Democrat controlled states, many churches are already seeing attacks on them for their so-called homophobic beliefs. The more the left gains control over once Christian and conservative institutions in America, the more Christians are hated and persecuted for HIS name sake.

We recently seen the US Supreme Court allow Nevada to discriminate against Religious institutions by telling us Casinos can stay open during there current COVID pandemic, but Churches are limited to a ridiculous small amount of parishioners who can attend services. Is there a better example of Isaiah's comment about calling evil good and good evil? This is real, and this is now. Jesus Christ told us that this day would come when He walked amongst us. Something many of us have been warning everyone about for over 30 years. Well, the day is here when Christians, conservatives, and others who support a God fearing Christian President like Donald Trump, are being publicly rebuked and attacked physically.

This type of behavior has been going on for years in Canada and some Western European countries. It was just a matter of time before we saw this happening in the United States. Satan has invaded the hearts and minds of billions the World over, and it’s time we face the facts about that the signs Jesus spoke of. Matthew 24:14. HE told the disciples that when the Gospel is preached in all corners of the World, the end times would be upon us. Today, the Gospel is shared the World over. Even in places where death and imprisonment is the penalty, the Gospel is being shared as I write this.

It is clear to me that we must be ready to stand up and fight for what is right. That which we have at our disposal must be used. In the United States we still have the right to vote for Godly men and women, and we still have the right to share the Gospel. Well, my dear brothers and sisters in Christ, you better start exercising both rights today. Any Christian who fails to vote is guilty of allowing evil to continue in our government, and any Christian who refuses to share the Gospel is guilty of allowing Satan to destroy souls.

Even in the face of government persecution due to lockdowns over a flu problem that is 99.9% survivable, we must get out and share the Gospel. Mind you, the World has faced many troubles that effected millions throughout the history of the church. Yet the Gospel was still being preached on the streets with the lost. Regardless of persecution, war, famine, or plagues, many souls were still being saved.

Mind you, early Christians didn’t have blogs, radio, books, TV, nor any internet social group to share the Gospel. All they had was their feet and the Word. Yet they changed the World, and eventually the Roman Empire became Christian. Today, so many Christians are so idle in their evangelizing, that the country created under the beliefs of Christianity, has quickly become an anti-Christian nation. However, even against the odds we must fight. We must stand up for our Christian principles in our communities and with our friends and family members. Remember, Christians changed Rome, because they believed truly in what Jesus told them.

"If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow Me, for whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake will save it." Luke 9:23-24

in 196 A.D. Tertullian wrote , “The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church.” We are so blessed as Christians in America, why would any Christian want it destroyed due to our ineffectiveness in taking on modern day Rome? The early Christians knew that their life wasn't worth spit, if they put their desire for life over freedom in Christ. Many will say, but what good is my death or imprisonment going to do for the advancement of the Gospel? Well consider the martyrs through the years. Without their sacrifice, billions throughout the years never would have been able to enjoy their freedom in Christ. Just a we Americans have enjoyed for years.

One of the reasons we American Christians have felt so depressed through the years is because of the many ungodly rulings by America's court system. Like legalizing same sex marriage, allowing the government to takeover of the health industry, and striking down state laws that limit the ability to murder unbnorn children. That is a just a few evil things the high courts have allowed to take place in America. The US Supreme Court has become Satan's most powerful anti-Christian and Godless entity in America. Today, hundreds of millions of Christians the World over are praying that Amy Coney Barrett’s appointment to the US Supreme Court will change the course we are on.

I remember well when Sandra Day O’Conner was put on the Supreme Court by Ronald Reagan in 1981. It was widely believed that she would be the deciding vote to end Roe vs Wade. Only to be disappointed when she not only supported abortion, but would eventually became one of it's biggest defenders on the High Court. Let us keep praying that Barrett’s appointment will help end the genocide of infants in America. If she does, then when Domnald Trump's presidency is over, the record will show that He tore down the high places of evil worship. The high places I speak of are the abortion industry complexes. They are the modern version of Molech's temples, where humans would sacrifice their live child by placing them upon on the arms of a molten hot statue called the god of Molech.

If Barret is true to her belief, then maybe GOD will smile upon our nation and we will again be blessed by him instead of cursed.

Remember, Christ was the light that entered the world so that men could be set free from the darkness, but men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. John 3:19 We live at a time when evil abounds. So it is incumbent upon Godly men to stand for what is right, regardless of what the ramifications may be. Sharing the gospel means to share the light with those in the dark, and that means we must stand for the truth.

Finally, let me add. We are blessed to have a President like Trump who refuses to bow to the Satanic pressure he faces daily. As Christians, it's incumbent upon us to fight with him. Even if it means we will be hated and persecuted for our stance. So be sure to get out and vote, so that he can fight for us for another 4 years.

I pray that those who have ears to hear will hear His voice and call upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.


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Man Regurgitated From Whale
Lives To Tell About It


by Chuck Ness
October 18, 2020

Jonah lived about 170 years after the division of Israel into two kingdoms, when Nineveh was coming to the end of its reign as the leading power in the region. Nineveh had spread so much fear among its enemies that most Israelites prayed for a judgment upon it the likes of which happened to Sodom and Gomorrah. So when God called upon Jonah to go and preach to the people of Nineveh, he had different plans. Jonah 1:1-3

It's a great honor to be chosen by God to be a leader, or in Jonah's case a prophet of God. However, with positions of authority comes the responsibility of carrying out tasks that we may not like. Jonah was confronted with such a dilemma.

Jonah was well aware that the people of Nineveh (the Assyrians) were prideful sinners who had wreaked havoc upon both Israel and Judah over the years. Therefore, when God called him to go and warn them of God’s impending wrath, he was very reluctant. In fact his desire was to see that city destroyed and the empire of Assyria completely lose its power. So instead of going to Nineveh Jonah headed into the opposite direction. He wanted to avoid carrying out his appointed task, because he feared God would show them mercy, and the heathens would be free to plunder and pillage Israel again.

In Jonah's journey to flee from the task God had given him Jonah ended up on a boat that was caught in a storm. This storm was so bad that it threatened the very lives of all on board. Jonah 1:1-5 Eventually Jonah confessed to the sailors that he was fleeing God and that they would only live if they threw him overboard. Jonah 1:12 At first they refused and attempted to row their way through the storm, but the storm just got worse. Jonah 1:13 Eventually they reluctantly threw Jonah overboard into the raging sea while asking God to forgive them for doing so. The storm let up, the sea became calm and almost immediately Jonah was swallowed by a whale. Jonah 1:14-16 He would spend the next three day in that whales belly. Jonah 1:17


Eventually Jonah repented and God had the whale regurgitate him up onto the shore. Jonah 2:1-10 The prophet headed to Nineveh and preached the message as God had instructed. What happened next was that the whole city repented and Nineveh experienced a spiritual revival. Jonah 3:1-10 Now, there are many lessons from this story that can be given, and probably the biggest is the lesson that Christ taught about His death and resurrection. Matthew 12:39-41 However, I want to look at the way God sent Jonah to preach to a people that he detested, a people who had spent the last hundred years trying to annihilate the kingdoms of Judah and Israel.

God often calls us to do things we feel we are not ready or even willing to do but we must trust Him who knows us better then we know ourselves. When we trust Him we will eventually see that He is right, and if that means we are called to go to San Francisco and preach to the militant homosexual community, then so be it. The question for many Christians is, would you go to San Francisco if called to? What would you do if called to go to the Middle East to preach to the Muslims? What if you were called to head to the mountains of Afghanistan to share the gospel with the Taliban?

In essence this is what God called Jonah to do. To preach to a people bent on the destruction of his country and the end of his world as he knew it. For me, and most Americans, the Taliban is the last people on earth we want to evangelize to. They are terrorists who belong dead and buried 6 feet deep. So my feelings for them are probably real close to what Jonah thought about the Assyrians at Nineveh. Somewhere along the line the Lord convicted me and I was struck by the thought, “What if God wanted me to go to them and preach the gospel?” Maybe I would think there is no way they would repent and change their ways, so why would I go and ask them into giving up their weapons of war, and taking up the Bible.

This is not to say I will stop my campaign of exposing islam for what it is, the Lord did make me understand that God loves everyone, and he does not wish for even one soul to perish. I am called to forgive those who transgress against me, and pray that those I transgress against will do the same. Matthew 6:9-13

We have another election coming up in 10 days. This one is maybe the most important ever. A lot of debates have taken place between candidates running for City Councils, all the way up the the Presidency. Let us as Christians, and I speak of myself also, remember to step back every now and then to remember what it is God calls us to do. We are called to share the good news, not just with those we like, but even with those we are sure would rather see us dead. After all, one of the lessons of Jonah is helping those who are lost to be found, those who are blind to see, and those who are deaf to hear. Maybe along the way we will be used by God to begin a revival the likes of which has not been seen since the day a reluctant prophet was regurgitated from the belly of a whale.


I pray that those who have ears to hear will hear His voice and call upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Amen
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Is There A Parallel Spiritual World


by Chuck Ness
October 25, 2020

In today's technological age, it might seem silly for intelligent people to consider a spiritual world where beings we cannot see might exist. Oh it's fine to read books and watch Hollywood movies about the afterlife and spirits that roam the netherworld but that's all make believe, not the real world. In the real world we are taught that reality consists of what we can touch, taste, see, hear, smell, and that the spirit world is for those weak minded individuals who use religion as a crutch to get through the day.

However, what if I told you that scientists have concluded that there is a strong possibility that a parallel universe really does exist? Now, as a Christian I do not need proof that a spirit world exists, but it is my belief that God wants us to do our utmost to understand what it is He has Created.

That being said, the Spirit World is an aspect of God's Creation that we can only speculate upon just as Rene Descartes, the father of modern day philosophy did. Descartes admitted that God was the Creator of the world, but he believed that the spiritual world existed solely in the minds of men. So I guess the question would be, does a parallel spirit world exist, or is it just a figment of our fertile imaginations?

I would suggest that in order to properly answer that question, we need to first realize that God gave us a mind and the ability to think on a level with Him, if only we allow ourselves to put the silly notions of men aside.

One silly notion is that reality only exists within the dimension that our physical bodies dwell in. In other words, most modern day philosophers follow Descartes and claim that our whole existence is based upon our five senses. But then they must totally ignore modern science that proves a spirit world can and does exist even if we may have difficulty imagining it.

Consider for a moment how much more space is in an atom than solid matter; in fact there are some 30,000 times more space than there is mass. A hydrogen atom made up of one proton and a single orbiting electron is a perfect example of the enormous amount of space in an atom. If you could enlarge the proton of a hydrogen atom to the size of a baseball, the electron of that atom would be about the size of a BB rotating around the proton ten miles away at the speed of 10,000 miles a second. 

 Now if the earth were a proton and the moon an electron and the space between them had the same ratio that exists in a hydrogen atom, the moon would be 1,000 times farther away than it is now. Think of it this way, if all the atoms in your body should suddenly collapse, leaving no space between the solid matter, we would need a very powerful microscope to find you. You would, in essence, be a microscopic speck of dust, but you would still weigh exactly what you do now.

Now let’s consider the dwarf stars whose density is much greater than that of atoms on earth. There is a star of the first magnitude called Sirius also called the, “ Dog Star“, in 1888 they discovered it was actually a double star. The smaller of the two stars is called Sirius B, also referred to as “A pup“. This pup is a dwarf star that rotates around the major star. The density of this pup is thought to be so great that one cubic inch of Sirius B would weigh 1,700 pounds by earth’s gravitational standards. By comparison a neutron star is about a million times denser than these dwarf stars are. One cubic inch of a neutron star would weigh 1.75 billion pounds. And still there is space in that cubic inch.

So, knowing that all this space exists in an atom, many experts in the field of atomic energy have come to the conclusion that it is theoretically possible for parallel worlds to coexist at the same time in the same space, both passing through the other, unaware of the each other’s existence. All it would take they theorize, is for each world to be made up of different molecular structures. I would suggest that these highly educated molecular scientists read what the Scriptures have to say about the idea of a parallel universe.

Throughout the Bible we find evidence of a coexisting world where God, His angels and even Satan live. Outside of the influence that they exert on our lives, we are unaware of their presence. They see us and interact with us on a daily basis by exerting a tremendous amount of influence to direct us in a Godly way or an evil way. Paul told the Ephesians that “we do not struggle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.” Ephesians 6:12

There are numerous examples in the Scriptures of members from the spiritual world have crossing over and making themselves known to members of man’s tangible world. After all, to those in the spiritual world there is no wall separating us, the only separation exists in man’s inability to see their world.

 In 2Kings 6:8-23 we have the account of Elisha asking God to open the eyes of his servant so he could see that the Lord had surrounded the Arameans with a myriad of horses and chariots of fire. Then there was the time when God allowed Satan to tempt Job. Job 1:6-12 Another classic example would be the story of when an angel of the Lord spoke to Balaam through his donkey. Numbers 22:22-33 Other examples in Scripture are the time Jacob wrestled with an angel in Genesis 32:22-32, and the conversion of the Christian persecutor Saul of Tarsus on the road to Damascus in Acts 9:1-30.

From the moment God spoke the universe into existence there have been two separate universes coexisting together. Even in the most ancient of times various pagan religions consisted of beings from a coexisting but separate world that would from time to time interact with mortals of this world.

 However, Christianity is the only religion whose very core consists of its very God entering man’s world and living in a mortal body to experience punishment and death to save man from his sins. Through His death and ultimate resurrection we now have the chance to actually live in His spiritual world for eternity.

 It's amazing when you consider the technological advancements we have made in molecular science. After rejecting the idea for years, some scientists are now saying “yes” to the theory of parallel worlds. For thousands of years those who believe in God have believed in a spirit world, now finally, science has caught with them.

I pray that those who have ears to hear will hear His voice and call upon the name of the lord Jesus Christ.

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Delusions of Evolution


by Chuck Ness
October 25, 2020


It is with out a doubt that a majority of Americans still believe “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” Genesis 1:1. Unfortunately, most who believe these words cannot answer the questions raised by the thousands of fossils that archeologist's have dug up and claim are millions of years old.

 We are told that such methods as Radiocarbon tests to find the levels of Carbon-14 remaining in fossils, U-Pb dating of volcanic materials to determine how long ago lava cooled, helioseismic dating to get a helium diffusion age in the field of astrophysics, and many more scientific fields and the methods they use can baffle the minds of even the most educated believers of God. 

Sadly, depending on what poll you read, this vast amount of technology has convinced 30% to 40% of believers that God must have used evolution in His creative process.

However, what if I told you that many scientists, archaeologists, biochemists, physicists, micro biologists, and astronomers disagree with most of the findings and conclusions by today's evolutionist experts? Some of these men even go so far as to challenge the very idea that the universe is billions of years old. It is important to remember that the age of the universe is directly related to the science used to convince people of the age of planet earth.

Other then a few probes and the space station we cannot physically investigate anything but earth and maybe some small samples from the moon and what asteroids have hit the earth. All the evidence we have for the age of the universe is tied directly to their theory of the earth's age. So if the earth is proven to be young, then the evidence for an old universe crumbles. Then, along with the age of the universe crumbling, so does the possibility of evolution. Now, that is where these many learned men come in to the picture. These scientists have presented so much evidence that points to intelligent design, that they have put into question the very methods used by evolutionists.

Astronomer Guillermo Gonzalez and his collaborators have created the concept of the Galactic Habitable Zone  (GHZ). The GHZ defines the region of the Milky Way Galaxy that is most habitable to complex life. His concept involves a number of situations that must exist for life to occur. When taken into account we see that we are not only unique but special in our planets ability to sustain life and to discover what is in the universe. Gonzalez's investigation has proven that Carl Sagan was wrong when he said there are millions of other earths full of life like ours.

What Physicist Dr. Russell Humphreys, has done is taken those who base their theories of age on helioseismic testing to task. After repeatedly ran experiments that measure how rapidly nuclear-decay-generated helium escapes from tiny radioactive crystals in granite-like rock. The data shows that most of the helium generated by nuclear decay would have escaped during the alleged 1.5 billion year uniformitarian2 age of the rock, and there would be very little helium in the crystals today. But the crystals still retain large amounts of helium, amounts these experiments show are entirely consistent with an age of only thousands of years.

Then we have biochemist Michael Behe,  author of “Darwin's Black Box” who points out that molecular machines, such as the bacterial flagellum are irreducibly complex. Like a mouse trap that can not function without all the parts available to work at the same time, so to do the machines at the molecular level of cells. This irreducible complexity discounts minute changes that needs to be done for evolution to work.

Add to them such scientists as nuclear physicist Robert Gentry, geophysicist John R. Baumgardner, and many other highly educated scientists and professors from a vast array of fields that have evidence the earth is either not millions of years old or that evolution is a bad theory at best? All these men have another thing in common besides their work that proves a God created us and everything we see. They have all at one time or another been persecuted and attacked for there stance by secular academia and the media.

Now it is very understandable that they would get heated debates about there findings, but to be targeted and threatened with the loss of their very livelihood, reminds one of what the church did to Galileo for daring to say the earth revolves around the sun. Like the many scientists and experts who come out against the idea that global warming is caused by man, these men should be hailed as heroes. If, for no other reason then they dare to question the modern day evolutionists I call, “The Flat Earthers”.
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A Love Letter From
Our Father In Heaven
by Chuck Ness
October 31, 2020

When asked by His disciples to teach them how to pray as John's disciples prayed, Jesus gave them this prayer as a model.
"Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come, Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. Do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.” Matthew 6:9-13

When you read the Bible, you are not just reading one book. Instead you are reading a compilation of sixty six books. I like to think of them as sixty six love letters from the lover of our soul, our Father in heaven. It's my prayer that this love letter, from our heavenly Father, blesses your heart.

{I give credit to Pat Collins, who compiled most of Scriptures into a list. I added a couple more and formatted them into letter. I pray you enjoy it as much as I did.}

My child, you may not know who I AM, but I know everything about you. I know when you sit down and when you rise up, and what you are thinking. I AM familiar with all your words and your ways, Psalm 139:1-4 I even know how many hairs are upon your head. Matthew 10:29-31 For you were made in My image, Genesis 1:27 and in Me you live, move and have your being. You are My offspring Acts 17:28 whom I knew before you were even conceived. Jeremiah 1:4-5

So do not think that you were a mistake or made by chance, because I personally knitted you together in your mother's womb so that you would be fearfully and wonderfully made. Psalm 139:13-16 On the day of your birth when I brought you forth, Psalm 71:6 I not only knew the exact time of your birth and where you will live, Acts 17:26 but I also know when you will die. Job 14:5 & Ecclesiastes 3:1

Those who do not know Me have misrepresented Me, John 8:41-44 but let Me assure you that I AM neither distant nor angry. Fact is, I AM the complete expression of love, 1 John 4:16 and it is My desire to bestow My love upon you. I do this simply because you are My child and I AM your Father. 1 John 3:1 And because I AM perfect, Matthew 5:48 I can offer you more than your earthly father ever could. Matthew 7:11

I AM the One who provides all your needs, Matthew 6:31-33 all the good gifts that you receive come from My hand. James 1:17 My plan for your future has always been filled with hope, Jeremiah 29:11 because I love you with an everlasting love. Jeremiah 31:3 My thoughts toward you are countless as the sands on the seashore, Psalms 139:17-18 and I rejoice over you with singing, Zephaniah 3:17 while showing you great and marvelous things. Jeremiah 33:3 I will never cease from doing good to you, Jeremiah 32:40 because you are My treasured possession. Exodus 19:5

If you seek Me with all your heart, you will find Me. Deuteronomy 4:29 Delight in Me and I will give you the desires of your heart, Psalm 37:4 because it is I who gave those desires to you. Philippians 2:13 I AM your greatest encourager 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17 and I AM able to do more for you than you could possibly imagine. Ephesians 3:20

I AM also the Father who comforts you in all your troubles. 2 Corinthians 1:3-4 When you are brokenhearted, I AM close to you. Psalm 34:18 Like a shepherd who carries a lamb, I will carry you will carry you during your times of weakness and frailty and hold you close to my heart. Isaiah 40:11 Then one day soon, I will wipe away every tear from your eyes Revelation 21:3-4 and take away all the pain you have suffered on this earth. Revelation 21:3-4 As I said, I AM your Father, and I love you even as I love My own Son Jesus, John 17:23 in whom My love for you is revealed. John 17:26

You see, My Son is the exact representation of My being, Hebrews 1:3 and He came to demonstrate that I AM for you, not against you. Romans 8:31 He also assured you that if you believe in Him I will not count your sins against you. 2 Corinthians 5:18-19 because He would pay the price for all the people. John 1:49-51 My child, I love you so much that I do not wish to condemn you but instead I gave My only Son for you, John 3:16-17 so that you and I could be reconciled. 2 Corinthians 5:18-19 His death is sufficient to cover all your sins, 1 John 4:10 and if you accept, and receive My Son, then you shall also receive Me. 1 John 2:23

It is my promise that nothing will ever separate you from My love again, Romans 8:38-39 and that the good work I began in you, I will perform it until the day My Son returns. So come home to Me now, and I will throw the biggest party heaven has ever seen. Luke 15:7 I have always been Father, and will always be Father. Ephesians 3:14-15 My question to you is, "Will you be My child?" John 1:12-13 Come, I AM waiting for you. Luke 15:11-32

I pray that those who have ears to hear will hear His voice and call upon the name of the lord Jesus Christ.
Amen
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Search My Heart Lord (Psalm 139:23-24)
by Chuck Ness
Nov 8,2020

Lately there have been times when I become angry at the things I see going on in the world. I find myself wondering if the things I care about are worth my time. I see many people walking around in a daze, caring only for what the world has to offer them, not what the Lord does.

It seems like my friends and relatives dismiss the things I share with them as just another rant from someone who is way too wrapped up in things they could care less about. My frustration can become so overwhelming that I wonder why I should even care for what they think, or where they are headed. That’s when I realize my love for them has become contempt, and that I need to step back and search my heart.
So I go to Psalm 139:23-24, and I give it to the Lord;

Search me, O God, and know my heart;
Try me, and know my anxieties;
And see if there is any wicked way in me,
And lead me in the way everlasting.

It’s like pulling a power play on my heart. I give it to Him, and He does what He always does. He reveals anything I have yet to deal with in my own life. Sometimes they are things I have hidden, even from myself.

Sometimes it’s a hurt I still feel from a time when someone transgressed against me and I have yet to truly forgive them. Maybe it’s a secret selfish desire I have refused to give up that is eating away at my heart, a little bite at a time. After I have dealt with that part of my heart which needed to be revealed, I am at peace and ready to face the world again.

I still see things going on around me that are wrong, but no longer do I see them through the heart of an angry Christian. Instead I see them through the heart of a forgiving child of God. A child of Christ who lovingly prays for those who are blindly perusing the pleasures of this world.

I pray that those who have ears to hear will hear His voice and call upon the name of the lord Jesus Christ.
Amen

Check out this Gospel song, by the Gospel Imperials
"Lord Search My Heart"
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Lifted Up, Like A Snake The Desert



by Chuck Ness

Give me a moment of your time and allow me to introduce you to something very few Christians ever considered when hearing the phrase, “Lift Christ up with Praise.”. Quite often you will hear a Pastor use this phrase as he instructs you to give glory to God, through His Son. Have you ever really considered the significance of the phrase?

Many people know the verse, John 3:16. Most Christians have it locked into their memory blank. For me, that was the first verse I ever memorized in Sunday school as a child. If there is any verse that says it all about God's love for us, it's John 3:16. God's gift to mankind was His only Son Jesus. With the death of His Son on the Cross, all we need to do is confess Him as our Lord and Savior and our sins have been paid for in full. It’s Salvation in a nut shell. Praise God for simplicity!
“For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life."
Now while this is probably the greatest and most well known verse in the Scriptures, what is truly interesting to me is a verse that precedes it, John 3:14. How many times have you have read this verse, only to have your mind mentally skip over it while ignoring the meaning?
““And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up"
When you read John 3:14, it should take you back to a time in Israel’s past. It was a time when Moses was leading the twelve tribes through the wilderness of Sin. A time when God was showing them His power and love firsthand. In the Old Testament, we read that the children of Israel had grown discouraged and spoke out against Moses and God. (Numbers 21:4-5).
Then they journeyed from Mount Hor by the Way of the Red Sea, to go around the land of Edom; and the soul of the people became very discouraged on the way. And the people spoke against God and against Moses: “Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no food and no water, and our soul loathes this worthless bread.”
In HIS anger at the people, GOD sent poisenous snakes to roam around the encampments. (Numbers 21:6)
So the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and many of the people of Israel died.
The Israelites were so distraught over the affliction of the snakes that they approached Moses, confessing and pleading with him intercede on their behalf with GOD. (Numbers 21:7)
Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, “We have sinned, for we have spoken against the LORD and against you; pray to the LORD that He take away the serpents from us.” So Moses prayed for the people.
Well God would not remove the cause of their plight, but He did instruct Moses to make a serpent and erect it on a pole.(Numbers 21:8-9)
Then the LORD said to Moses, “Make a fiery serpent, and set it on a pole; and it shall be that everyone who is bitten, when he looks at it, shall live.” So Moses made a bronze serpent, and put it on a pole; and so it was, if a serpent had bitten anyone, when he looked at the bronze serpent, he lived.
Moses then placed the pole in the midst of the camp. Now the way the Israelites camped was in such a manner that from God's view it was in the shape of a cross. So if you could have flown over in a plane, you would have literally seen a cross in the desert. Well, the pole with the snake was placed in the midst of the camp which would place it near the Tent of the Tabernacle which was in the center of the Camp. Approximately where Christ's head would one day be on the cross.

Moses told those who were bitten by the serpents to come to the pole, and gaze upon the image of that which caused their pain. At that time, to look upon such an image erected on a pole would have been considered repulsive, and many would instinctively look away. However, if they wanted to live, those who had been bitten were required to look upon the bronze snake, or they would surely die.

Some may wonder what this has to do with Christ’s crucifixion. Well, in Deuteronomy 3:13, we learn that, anyone hanging from a tree was accursed of GOD.
"If a man has committed a sin deserving of death, and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, his body shall not remain overnight on the tree, but you shall surely bury him that day, so that you do not defile the land which the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance; for he who is hanged is accursed of God."
Mind you, crucifixion as a form of torture and death that would not be used for almost 1600 years. Yet God was projecting how the Savior of the World would one day die. At the time the Israelites would have to physically go to the center of the camp, and look upon the very image of which was the punishment for their sins. The snake. So to see Christ lifted up and crucified meant that He was considered accursed under the Law of Moses, as commanded by God Himself. Thus Jesus, had become our sin.

This is what Paul brought to mind when he wrote to the Galatians 3:13,
Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”
Just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness for the Israelites to look upon and thus save themselves from death, so too did GOD lift up His Son on the cross so that we could look upon Him and be saved from the final death and eternal damnation.

Christ couldn’t just die. He had to die the death of a sinner, lowly and cursed. Lifted up on a pole, He was an image many found repulsive. He could have just come down and said, “Not today!” But he stayed. He died a death of pain and shame for sins he never committed. Sacrificed from the beginning of time, for sins He saw us commit, yet turned His eyes every time we did.

So, every time you are tempted by sin, try to remember how The King of Kings, The Lord of Lords was so violently lifted on a pole for you and me. Take a moment and look up at that Cross, and do not allow your head to turn away, or you very well may find yourself giving in to the temptation of sin. If you find yourself stumbling into sin then take a moment and pray to the One who stayed upon that cross for you to take away your shame of sin.

His arms are outstretched and waiting for you, all it takes is for you to look up willingly and accept His Father’s gift to you. Then you can lift Him up with Praise, because HE was lifted up to become all the sins we are guilty of. (2 Corinthians 5:21).
For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.
I pray that those who have ears to hear, will listen to His voice and call upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Amen

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My Thoughts On The Epistle Of Hebrews


by Chuck Ness


I can truly say that my understanding of the salvation I received from Christ has been made abundantly clearer thanks to this letter. I would love to thank the author for the growth I gained in studying this letter. However the identity of the author is unknown, but there is no lack of ideas as to who wrote it. The list goes on and on as to who the author was. The opinions run the gamut from Barnabas, Paul, and Apollos (whom I personally go back and forth in awarding my vote to) some scholars even suggest that either Priscilla or Mary the mother of Jesus was the author. I have my reasons why I do not think the author was a woman, however even if we knew who wrote this, a most excellent of epistles, it would not add, nor take from, one iota of importance to its contents.

That being said, I shall not get into the many minutia of who the author is, except to say the letter is truly inspired by the Holy Spirit and that is really all that matters.

It’s been said that, "It is hard to teach an old dog new tricks.” This saying describes most people who get set in their ways. The Lord designed man to be a creature of habit, and like all other men I also am a creature of habit. Thus I learned to do things in a certain way and I find it very difficult to change my ways. When someone tells me of a better and more efficient way of doing what I am already accustomed of doing, I am by nature skeptical. Even after they have proved to me their way works better, I find it hard to change from the way I used to do it. In time, I will start doing things the way I was shown that works better. However, in the back of my mind I will always have a longing to do it the old way. What really makes me change permanently and forever is when the new way comes with a realization that things truly are better by doing it the new way.

The author of this Epistle wrote this to encourage Jewish converts who where taught a new way by either their introduction the the Gospel by traveling missionaries, or by their parents who received salvation and forgiveness years ago when the only persecution was from other Jews. Now the persecution started coming from the Roman authorities also. Unfortunately, this led many Christians to fall back into the safe and more comfortable way of doing what their ancestors had grown accustomed to doing for over 1400 years.

We know that the letter was written for the church members at large including, probably, the home churches because of the closing remarks.
(Hebrews 13:17)

Obey your leaders and submit to them,for they keep watch over
your souls as those who will give an account. Let them do this
with joy and not with grief, for this would be unprofitable for you.

(Hebrews 13:24)

Greet all of your leaders and all the saints. Those from Italy greet you.
To convince these readers of their folly in returning to the old ways of doing things, the writer uses various arguments to show them why they are better off in Christ.

By pointing out the superiority of the New Covenant in Christ over the Old Covenant, the writer systematically laid a foundation for the reader to build upon with confidence they will be better off. First, there were the prophets, God's ancient spokesmen; then the angels, Israel's guardians; Israel's great leader, Moses; followed by the godly general, Joshua; then we have Aaron and the priesthood. The author proves that Christ is better then all these and even better than animal sacrifices, and that the eternal sanctuary in heaven is superior to the temporary one on earth. Each was a popular champion from Israel's past and like challengers in heavy weight boxing tournament they stood in the way of the inevitable champion.

All these former heroes needed to be heard from, but each was woefully inadequate if followed instead of Christ. It was clearly a case of the good being the enemy of the best. Eclipsing all these, as the rising sun eclipses the light of the stars, is the figure of Jesus, God's Son, the Creator and heir of all things. Thus the author uses many ways to show how their lives will be better and more complete by following a more efficiently sufficient way. In a series of commentaries on the Bible by Ray C. Stedman titled “A Panorama of the Scriptures”, Mr. Stedman likens the book of Hebrews to a boxing tournament. While his comment is more of a simple comparison I will attempt to use his analogy in my attempt to make my paper a little more interesting.

First, we have the comparison to the prophets who were sent by God to proclaim a message. Prophets were the immediate organs of God for the communication of his mind to men on what He wanted them to know. Throughout the Old Testament, there are prophets from Moses to David and Jeremiah to Malachi who told of the coming messiah. However, Christ is greater than these prophets were because He is the message that they proclaimed. As an exact image of God, Christ reflects the will of the Father. He is also the radiance of Gods glory and the exact representation of His nature. Not just a messenger or a creation, Christ is the Creator Himself. Knockout, bring on the next challenger.

Of all the creations of God, humans and angels are the only interpersonal intelligent beings. Angels are spiritual beings created by God who help carry out his work on earth. They bring God’s messages to people protecting them and offering encouragement and guidance. At times they have carried out God’s punishments and blessings, patrolling the earth and fighting the forces of evil. There are both good and bad angels but because bad angels are allied with the devil, or Satan, they have considerably less power and authority than good angels do.

Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. They looked upon them as mediators between God and men, and some went so far as to pay them a kind of religious homage or worship. Thus it was necessary that the author should insist, not only on Christ being the Creator of all things including angels, but also the risen and exalted Messiah in human nature, to whom angels, authorities, and powers are made subject. But Angels are created heavenly beings that worship Him and do His will and so we have a TKO. This challenger failed to answer the bell.

Now, we have the man whom the Jews look to as the greatest prophet and leader God ever breathed life into. Moses went toe to toe with the most powerful ruler of the known world and forced him to let God’s people go. He brought them out of bondage in Egypt for breakfast and parted the Red Sea by lunch. For an encore, He gave them the greatest document ever produced in the history of the world. Moses even stood before God and repented for the Israelite’s sins, thus he saved them from total destruction.
(Exodus 32:30)

On the next day Moses said to the people, "You yourselves have committed a great sin; and now I am going up to the LORD, perhaps I can make atonement for your sin."
If it were not for Moses’ faithful adherence to God’s commands, they very well could have deified him like the Greeks did with their famous athletes. Moses is truly a worthy opponent. Yet, he falls way short of being able to stand up to the qualities of God incarnate. In fact Moses himself looked forward to Christ and rejoiced.
(Deuteronomy 18:15)

"The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me
from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him.

(Deuteronomy 18:18-19)

'I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen like you, and I will
put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him.
'It shall come about that whoever will not listen to My words which he shall
speak in My name, I Myself will require it of him.
This is a case where the challenger himself threw in the towel out of respect for a far more superior opponent saying, “NO MAS, NO MAS”.

Next, we have Joshua, the great General, who followed Gods orders without question.

When one thinks of Joshua the word courage comes to mind. His courage was a direct result of his faith in God. After all Joshua saw all God did for Israel from Egypt on through his conquests of Canaan. Joshua obeyed God’s call unhesitatingly and to the end, but it was because he trusted wholly in the promise of the eternal rest he would someday have in Christ. Along with his expert military mind he had a quality seldom seen in the same kind of man. He was able to combined justice as a magistrate with the gentleness as a mere man. Along with the spirit of a ruler he had the temper and discretion to deal with the arrogant and sometimes troublesome Israelites. With diligence and equity he portioned out the fruits of victory with complete unselfishness. Above all was his humility as a mere man among God’s people. He gave God, who freed him from bondage in Egypt, credit for all his victories from his first at Jericho to his last. In his last public address he exhorted the people to keep faith in the God who delivered them, but he did not go on and on about his exploits or personal achievements.

The big weapon this General brings to the fight is the rest Israel experienced after he brought them into the land of Canaan. By the time Joshua retired to a quiet retirement, there was an experience of rest for Israel in Canaan. A rest from armed invasion, natural disasters, and a failure of crops and as long as they were faithful to God they were blessed with a rest from these dangers. At best though, that rest was outward and essentially physical. It could not satisfy the promise of rest to the human race, which was intended from the beginning. Jesus is not specifically compared here with Joshua but the rest that he gave them.

However, in terms of relative greatness, it is apparent from the author’s comments that the work of Joshua in leading Israel into the rest symbolized by the Promised Land was far inferior to the work of Jesus. So although he would seem to be a worthy opponent, this challenger is not up to the challenge because Joshua himself looked forward to a better rest.

Men have always searched for that perfect geo-political idea known as Utopia. We conjure up all kinds of ideas as to what we think a perfect society would be like. Hollywood is awash in films about perfect worlds where all men are equal and there is no suffering or wars. Karl Marx thought that if men would just abolish capitalism and share everything equally that in time the world would be a perfect Utopia.

The word utopia comes from the Greek word “ou topos” which means “No Place” (ou not, no + topos place) as in there is no place on earth that can be found where a true rest can be experienced. As with the ill-fated Tower of Babel, men always fail to recognize God’s role in their perfect society and so they inevitably argue and fight amongst them selves about what is better. The writer of this letter points out that the true rest is in Christ Jesus who has made it possible for us to join in a fellowship with God and enjoy a true rest from our worries of this world and freedom from eternal damnation.
(Hebrews 4:16)
Therefore let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.
Another fighter has failed to answer the bell, another great leader of the Israelites toss in the towel. This time it's Joshua who willingly bows to the One True Champion of men's souls.

In Exodus chapter 25, you'll find God giving Moses instructions on how to build the tabernacle. Then in Exodus chapters 28-29, He interrupts his own instructions for those blueprints to direct Aaron’s role and his priesthood, returning afterwards in chapter 30 with the tabernacle instructions. I believe God wanted His people to realize their worship included more than a beautiful tent surrounded by a linen curtain? I think He wanted them to experience a Temple that was more than just inanimate brass along with silver and gold furniture. It had to include creatures that could think and talk and reason it needed men who were priests by His designation. After all we were originally created to worship Him and it is Him we need to get back to communing with.

So God interrupted the instructions for the tabernacle to give His instructions for the Levitical priesthood because it was "a shadow of good things to come," His Son, Christ Jesus. These priests represented man to God in the tabernacle that was a replica of Gods temple in heaven. However these priests were still only mortal men who would die and have to be replaced. Being the High Priest Aaron was above all others, but in time he too would die for Adams sin.

The writer of Hebrews points out how Christ was like the priest of the “God Most High, Melchizedek”. Like Melchizedek, Christ has no beginning and no end. He is eternal. Christ is better than Aaron in His Person because he is "a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek” He is better than Aaron and his descendants in His ministry because He ministers in a better tabernacle in heaven, the one in heaven that Moses copied by Gods instructions. He's the Mediator of a better covenant, one that was established on better promises than the Law of Moses could ever offer. The priesthood of Christ is an everlasting priesthood that offers a better sacrifice on a better altar. An Alter with a better hope of a better resurrection.

The sacrifice of animals for sins never eliminated the guilt of sin it just covered the sin and made the person acceptable to God. The sacrifice of Christ and the spilling of His blood eliminated our sin by paying for it once for all eternity. His work of redemption is done, it never needs repeating as the old system did. As our Priest, He lives forever to make intercession for us at the throne of grace. He's our Advocate with the Father and He declares us innocent of Satan’s accusations. God wanted His people to understand that, as important as the priesthood was, it only spoke of something better to come, Christ Jesus.

One is left with the conclusion that a decision to abandon faith in Christ and to return to Judaism would be the worst mistake a person could make. This is exactly the conclusion the author of Hebrews hoped his readers would draw. To return to the old ways was to be lost in the wilderness, and in the worst case scenario it would mean to loose your salvation altogether. However that would mean their faith was never truly salvation saving in the first place, thus the reason one could walk away from Christ so easily and return to the Law.

This, as it turned out, was a bloody round and in the end the temple and the priesthood was destroyed and the sacrificial ceremony was ended forever with all that the unbelieving Jews cherished, as God said it would. In a not so unexpected turn of events Christ defeated not only Aaron and the priesthood, but also the animal sacrifices and the temple all in one round. This was a knockout by a center cross shot to the very solar plexus of the heart of Judaism. It ended up being more one sided than when George Foreman knocked out Joe Frazier for the championship title.

Next, we have the Law that the great Moses himself gave God’s people or as I like to refer to it, the Levitical Law. I personally believe that the best defense of the New Covenant is its comparison to the Levitical Law. Sonny Curtis, who wrote songs for everyone from Buddy Holly to Lawrence Welk, wrote a song made popular by "The Bobby Fuller Four "called "I Fought the Law". In the chorus is a line that reads as follows "I fought the law and the law won". Well, man has been fighting the law for a long time and the law always comes out on top. Laws are always made as a standard of what proper conduct should be, but it cannot by itself guarantee good behavior.

Take the modern day gun control laws as an example. We have hundreds of laws that restrict the possession and usage of handguns in America. Our local, state, and federal laws regulate the use of firearms. There are laws that regulate how old you can be to possess a gun, to the illegal discharge of guns in city limits. They even add tougher penalties for the use of firearms in the commission of crimes. However, the largest use of firearms is by underage gang members in inner cities using these guns in the commission of crimes.

Like our modern day gun laws, the Levitical Law was only as good as the heart of the people it's in place to control. Even though many men followed these Laws outwardly, and some even to an extreme, it was their hearts that God looked at. Something men cannot ascertain with legalities of the law.
(Ecclesiastes 9:3)

This is an evil in all that is done under the sun, that there is one fate for
all men. Furthermore, the hearts of the sons of men are full of evil and insanity
is in their hearts throughout their lives. Afterwards they goto the dead.

(Jeremiah 18:12)

"But they will say, 'It's hopeless! For we are going to follow our own plans,
and each of us will act according to the stubbornness of his evil heart.'
(Matthew 9:4)

And Jesus knowing their thoughts said,
"Why are you thinking evil in your hearts?


(Matthew 15:19)

"For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murders,
adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, slanders.
The Old Covenant, or the Law of Moses, was written on cold breakable stone tablets and it had problems, it was not faultless.
(Hebrews 8:7)

For if that first covenant had been faultless, there
would have been no occasion sought for a second.
The Old Covenant, broken by the people, would be replaced by a New Covenant. The foundation of this new covenant is Christ Jesus. It is revolutionary, involving not only Israel and Judah but also the Gentiles, it's faultless, and it's written in the gray matter of men’s minds and their fleshly hearts.
(Jeremiah 31:31-33)

"Behold, days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will
make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah,
not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I
took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant
which they broke, although I was a husband to them," declares the LORD.
"But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel
after those days," declares the LORD, "I will put My law within them and on
their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.
The Jews may have lived with their Law for 1400 but they failed to live up to it for those 1400 years. What they failed to realize was that the Law was made to show man's inability to succeed without an emissary. God became man incarnate by taking on a sinful body with all its weaknesses and lived up to the Law. In time His perfect life made Him the perfect lamb for a perfect sacrifice. When He was resurrected, He ascended into heaven and sat at the right hand of God thus fulfilling and completing the Law.

When Christ took His place next to God the Old Covenant was obsolete and a New Covenant replaced it. One that is written on our hearts that allows us as Christians to be forever covered by His blood. Thus Christ is superior to the Law, so if we put our faith in Him we can defeat the Law. Another bloody knockout and this time it was the blood of Christ that did it, with a hard right cross.

This letter began by emphasizing that Judaism and Christianity are both religions revealed by God. The writer then went on to show how Jesus is superior to angels, the historical great leaders, and the priests. Then the author showed how Christianity surpasses Judaism because it has a better covenant, with a better sanctuary, and a more sufficient sacrifice for sins. Now that all the former heroes have been vanquished and proven to be inferior to Christ Jesus, we get to a point where the author exhorts the readers to hold fast to their new faith. With such examples as Noah, Abraham, Moses, and others, the writer shows how those who lived by faith did so with no more than a conviction of assurances for better things to come.
Hebrews 11:1)

Now faith is the assurance of things hoped
for, the conviction of things not seen.
Put in another way “faith,” or confidence in the divine promises, has been in all ages the means of perseverance in the true religion, and consequently of salvation. We must all realize that to live by faith is to live like a guest in a strange land with a belief that someday you will get to a better heavenly home. By faith many have given up their livelihoods, possessions and even their lives. Tertullian said that the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the harvest.
“Go on,” says Tertullian tauntingly to the heathen governors, “rack, torture, grind
us to powder: our numbers increase in proportion as ye mow us down. The blood of
Christians is their harvest seed. Your very obstinacy is a teacher. For who is not
incited by the contemplation of it to inquire what there is in the core of the matter?
And who, after having joined us, does not long to suffer?”
Without faith they would not have given their blood to grease the skids of the church. We all live by faith, whether that faith lies in a piece of metal flying down the freeway at 70 mph in the direction of other pieces of metal flying in our direction at the same speed, or in a plane we ride. The question is not if we have faith, but what or whom we have faith in. The writer was pleading with the readers to hold fast to their faith in a better promise, just as Moses gave up a luxurious life as the heir to Pharaoh’s throne for a promise of better things from God.

Closing out this great letter the writer invites us to avoid the entanglements of this world and run a marathon race of endurance to the end. Sharing with the readers how in specific ways they too can continue the good race. Knowing that there is a great cloud of witnesses rooting us on bearing testimony that the race can be run successfully and that the rewards are great.

Looking to the example of Christ who, after living a righteous life, suffered for our sins and now sits at the right hand of God. Accepting affliction as a child accepts punishment from a loving father so that we may be trained for righteousness. We are told to avoid stumbling blocks that can become pitfalls and always listen for the voice of God lest we loose our inheritance.

The readers, and ultimately all Christians, are told to practice brotherly love by having sympathy with those in bonds, to be sexually moral, content, hospital, benevolent, knowledgeable in church doctrine and Scriptures, and give praise to God. Finally we are called to greet and give respect and honor to our leaders, as they will be called to account for the way they shepherded us.

I pray that those who have ears to hear, will listen to His voice and call upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

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Christ's Messages to the Seven
Churches of Revelation


While a prisoner on the island of Patmos John was visited by Christ who told him, "What you see, write in a book and send it to the seven churches which are in Asia: to Ephesus, to Smyrna, to Pergamos, to Thyatira, to Sardis, to Philadelphia, and to Laodicea." He was told to address each letter to “the angel of the church”as represented by seven stars which were the angels of the seven churches, and the ”seven lampstands” which were the seven churches. (Rev 1:20) Popular opinion says that the angel refers to the person who publicly represents the church as its leader. Some however have put forth the opinion that the angel represents an emissary or messenger sent from each church who visited John while he was in prison as Paul was visited while imprisoned in Rome.

But I have received everything in full and have an abundance; I am amply supplied, having received from Epaphroditus what you have sent, a fragrant aroma, an acceptable sacrifice, well-pleasing to God. (Phil 4:18)
As for the meaning of the letters, you will find different opinions depending upon which scholar you reference. Probably the most prevalent belief is that of Cyrus Scofields who is considered the father of the modern day dispensational view of the end times. It could be said that his bible commentaries have had more influence in shaping the modern view of the end times than other published writings. In his companion commentary of the Scofield Bible, Cyrus saw four different meaning in the messages to the churches.
(1) Local, to the churches actually addressed; (2) Admonitory, to all churches in all time as tests by which they may discern their true spiritual state in the sight of God; (3) Personal, in the exhortations to him "that hath an ear," and in the promise "to him that overcometh"; (4) Prophetic, as disclosing seven phases of the spiritual history of the church from, say, A.D. 96 to the end.

Each letter followed a similar pattern that begins with a greeting, and then a description of the risen Christ. Next there is praise for each church then criticism, followed by a warning an exportation and finally a promise of what to be expected for those following His advise. By close examination, the reader will see that the description of our risen Lord is different for each of the seven letters. These various descriptions are not cute little extras phrases added to make the letters more colorful, but instead they are descriptions that enforce Christ’s message to follow. (Rev 2:1; Rev 2:8; Rev 2:12; Rev 2:18; Rev 3:1; Rev 3:7& Rev 3:14) It is small but not so insignificant nuances like these that make studying the Book of Revelation a true blessing as John’s introductory statement says in (Rev 1:3). For the next couple of weeks I will attempt to give a brief but concise description of each church and what its message means, starting with Ephesus and on through to the last, Laodicea.

The first church Christ mentions is Ephesus, the loveless church. Ephesus means darling, and with over 300,000 people it was the largest city and the Capital of the Asian Province. Founded by Paul around 50 AD it was also the location of the third ecumenical council in 431 AD. With an important seaport it boasted of being the home of the Greek goddess Diana, known to the Romans as Artemis the moon goddess, and to the Asiatic as the nursing mother of gods, men, animals, and plants. The Temple of Artemis was one of the seven ancient wonders of the world whose goddess was commercialized as a trinket god supplying great wealth to the local silversmiths. Paul’s preaching interfered with the commerce of this idol and aroused violent opposition from the merchants.

About that time there occurred no small disturbance concerning the Way. For a man named Demetrius, a silversmith, who made silver shrines of Artemis, was bringing no little business to the craftsmen; these he gathered together with the workmen of similar trades, and said, "Men, you know that our prosperity depends upon this business.(Act 19:23-25)

At the time when Paul founded this church hardly anyone there knew of the true Gods temple. Now, two thousand years later, no one knows of Artemis. This ancient wonder was burnt and rebuilt and finally destroyed, and the world is better for that destruction. Meanwhile the true temple is majestically nearing completion with new members being added to the Lambs Book of life every day. Christ recognized the Ephesians tireless perseverance in bearing up under trial for His name’s sake, and how they opposed false apostles and the heretical Nicolaitians; (Rev2:2-3)& Rev 2:5) However, he reproved them for having left their first love, (Rev 2:4) and admonished them to remember where they had fallen from, (Rev 2:5). They are warned to repent and to do their first works or else He will come and remove the candlestick out of its place. As a reward to all that overcome and persevere, the fruit from the tree of life is offered. Those who allegorize the churches to represent the different ages match Ephesus with the early church age roughly from 33 AD to 70 AD, marking the fall of Jerusalem.

The second church John writes to is Situated at the head of the Gulf of Izmir where the Hermus River flows into the Agean Sea. Smyrna the persecuted church is the only church that remains to this day. The city had worshiped Rome as a spiritual power since about 195 BC, explaining Smyrna’s historical pride in its Caesar Cult. A fact that was not overlooked by Rome, as the Emperor Tiberius granted them the right to build a temple to him in 26 AD. Resembling a diadem, many beautiful and majestic public buildings formed a circle around the summit of Mt. Pagos that the locals called the “Crown of Porticoes”. Thus we have the reference in (Rev 2:10) to a crown of life for those who are faithful unto death.

Smyrna was famous for science and medicine and was a wealthy city, but the church itself suffered in abject poverty because its professing members would not renounce Christ in order to get work from the local trade unions. Smyrna means myrrh, like myrrh Smyrna was to be crushed to release its fragrance, thus its Saints were to be persecuted, becoming a sweet aroma to the Lord. Recognizing their spiritual commitment to Him, Christ encouraged them to persevere in the face of trials and tribulations that will last for ten days. As a result of persecutions, many Saints from this church would be martyred for their faith. The most famous of these would be Polycarp, a disciple of John who was martyred by fire in 155 AD.

Those who lean toward a literal interpretation often consider the ten days as representing ten waves of persecutions the Christians suffered in the first three centuries until Constantine became Emperor and legalized Christianity. Between five and seven million Christians were martyred in this period. Like all Christians throughout history, Christ tells the Smyrna Christians to hold fast to their faith and stay true to Him and the second death will have no effect on them. To the allegorist, Smyrna represents the church age from the time the Temple was destroyed by Titus until Constantine became Emperor, 70 AD to 313 AD.

I pray that those who have ears to hear, will hear His voice and call upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Amen

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Christ's Message to Ephesus
The Loveless Church
The first church Christ mentions to John in the book of Revelations is Ephesus, which means darling. With over 300,000 people, Ephesus was the largest city and the Capital of the Asian Province. Founded by Paul around 50 AD it was also the location of the third ecumenical council in 431 AD. With an important seaport it boasted of being the home of the Greek goddess Diana, known to the Romans as Artemis the moon goddess, and to the Asiatic as the nursing mother of gods, men, animals, and plants. The Temple of Artemis was one of the seven ancient wonders of the world whose goddess was commercialized as a trinket god supplying great wealth to the local silversmiths. Paul’s preaching interfered with the commerce of this idol and aroused violent opposition from the merchants (Acts 19:23-25).

At the time when Paul founded this church hardly anyone there knew of the true Gods temple. Now, two thousand years later, no one knows of Artemis. This ancient wonder was burnt and rebuilt and finally destroyed, and the world
is better for that destruction. Meanwhile the true temple is majestically nearing completion with new members being added to the Lambs Book of life every day. Christ recognized the Ephesians tireless perseverance in bearing up under trial for His name’s sake, and how they opposed false apostles like the heretical Nicolaitians; (Rev 2:2-3; Rev 2:5). However, he reproved them for having left their first love, (Rev 2:4) and admonished them to remember where they had fallen from, (Rev 2:5). They are warned to repent and return to their first works or else He will come and remove the candlestick out of its place, (Rev 2:5). As a reward to all those who overcome and persevere, the fruit from the tree of life is offered. Those who allegorize the churches to represent the different ages match Ephesus with the early church age roughly from 33 AD to 70 AD, marking the fall of Jerusalem.



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Christ's Message to Smyrna
The Persecuted Church



The second church John writes to is situated at the head of the Gulf of Izmir where the Hermus River flows into the Agean Sea. The prosecuted church of Smyrna is the only one that remains to this day. It is now the chief city of Izmir, having a mixed population of about 200,000, of whom it is believed that over 60,000 are professing Christians.

It was Tertullian who coined the phrase, “The Blood of the Martyrs is the Seed of the Church”. Looking at the way the Christians of Smyrna have lasted through the years in spite of the persecutions thay faced, I wonder if the American church would be thriving better if it had faced more persecution through the years. If you don't face persecution in this world for Christ, then maybe your not doing it right.

Before they were introduced to Christ, the citizens of Smyrna worshiped Rome as a spiritual power. Which may explain their historical pride in the Caesar Cult. A fact that was not overlooked by Rome, as the Emperor Tiberius granted them the right to build a temple to his honor in 26 AD. Resembling a diadem, many beautiful and majestic public buildings formed a circle around the summit of Mt. Pagos that the locals called the “Crown of Porticoes”. Thus we have the reference in Revelation 2:10 to a crown of life for those who are faithful unto death.

Smyrna was famous for science and medicine and was a wealthy city, but the church itself suffered in abject poverty because its professing members would not renounce Christ in order to get work from the local trade unions. Smyrna means myrrh and like myrrh, Smyrna was to be crushed to release its fragrance. Thus the Saints were to be persecuted, becoming a sweet aroma to the Lord. Recognizing their spiritual commitment to Him, Christ encouraged them to persevere in the face of trials and tribulations that will last for ten days. As a result of persecutions throughout the years, Christians from this church would be martyred for their faith. The most famous of these martyrs was Polycarp, a disciple of John who's life entrance to heaven was via a bonfire fire in 55 AD.

It's believed by many that the reference to “trials and tribulations that will last for ten days,” meant there would be ten waves of persecutions that Christians would suffer in the first three centuries leading up to the day Emperor Constantine legalized Christianity. It's estimated that over seven million Christians were martyred in those three centuries, and over 43 million in all.

One could make a case for changing the current list of the 10 great persecutions so as to group some together. Thus their would be added to the list the persecution of Christians martyred by Islamic jihads leading to the crusades through the years, plus the Catholic Church persecution in the years following the Reformation, then there should be those being murdered around the world by Muslims today.

However, the Christians of Smyrna and the surrounding areas would suffer many persecutions through the years. One of the worse was from 1894 to 1923, when over 4.3 million were martyred for Christ by various Turkish regimes. 30,000 Christians would perish for their faith in 1922 when the Christian neighborhoods of town were destroyed by fire. Another 40,000 adult men were banished from the city, which was tantamount to a death sentence for them. http://www.greece.org/genocide/smyrna1922.htm

During this attack on the Christians, there were twenty-seven Allied warships, including 3 American Destroyers in Smyrna's port. All of whom stood down and watched as tens of thousands of Saints were crushed like myrrh to become a sweet aroma to the Lord. Burned alive just as their ancestors were 1800 years earlier. I offer this to remind you what Christ told His disciples, ”””If the world hates you, you know that it has hated Me before it hated you.””” John 15:18 & ”””You will be hated by all because of My name, but it is the one who has endured to the end who will be saved.””” Matthew 10:22

http://www.greece.org/genocide/smyrna1922.htm

We can learn from Hebrews 11:35-40 as to what persecution Christians can expect to receive. Torture to pressure you into recanting your faith, jeers, beatings, loss of rights, property, and freedom as you get imprisonment and even chained next to hardened criminals like our brother Saeed Abedini is experiencing in Iran today. In America we see Christians losing their way of life as Judges shut down their business for not violating their faith. Just know though that you will receive commendation from Christ and crown of life for being faithful unto death.

Christ tells the Smyrna Christians to hold fast to their faith and stay true to Him and the second death will have no effect on them. To the allegorist, Smyrna represents the church age from the time that Emperor Domitian began his reign, while others chose the end of the first century, till the time most agree on when Constantine became Emperor. The years from 81 AD to 313 AD are the major persecution years, but as I pointed out our persecution never will stop as long as this world lasts.

"He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches”, I pray that those who read His words will call upon the name that is above all names, and gain eternal salvation.

Amen



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Christ's Message to Pergamos
The Compromising Church



In my ongoing review on the book of the Revelation of Jesus Christ, I began by sharing my understanding of certain aspects of the end times and how I see them. Then last week I started a review of the letters Jesus dictated to His disciple John while he was a prisoner on the island of Patmos. This week I will cover the letter to Pergamos, the compromising church.
The Roman historian Pliny called the city of Pergamum the most illustrious city in Asia because of all its statues, temples, monuments, and public buildings. Strategically located high on a humped or cone shaped hill that dominated the Caicus plain, Pergamum had an excellent view of the sea and distant mountain ranges making it an important military town that was fortified and well defended. Both Smyrna and Pergamum were a part of the same kingdom ruled by Attalus III, who was shrewd enough to help Rome defeat the Seleucids during the Punic Wars. When Attalus died in 133 BC he bequeathed his domain to the Roman Empire. Thus Pergamum realized a partnership with Rome that would last the duration of the Roman Empire’s dominance in Asia.

 
Among its public buildings Pergamum had the empires second largest library and a theatre that seated over 20,000 people. With temples dedicated to Athena, Dionysus, Asclepios, Roma, Zeus, and various roman emperors like Trajan, only Athens could boast of more respect for the gods. By the time John had his vision, Pergamum had become the very center of Emperor Worship in the Asian province. Many bible scholars believe the phrase, “where Satan dwells”, refers to this emperor worship while others claim “Satan's throne” to be a reference to the Altar of Zeus (Rev 2:13). Still others believe that Christ was referring to the worship of Asclepios the pagan god of healing.

People from all over the empire would come to Pergamum to be healed by Asclepios. Snakes were a symbol of this cult and Asclepios’ temple was infested with snakes, even to this day we use the snake as a symbol of the medical profession. The Greek historian Pausanias of Lydia kept a journal about his travels and the different cities he visited. In describing the temple of Asclepios he wrote,
“I looked upon Asclepios who was sitting on a throne with his hand upon the head of a serpent”. Pausanias
The serpent was actually a totem of the god Asclepios. Pausanias wrote how many harmless varieties of snakes had free run of this shrine as well as other shrines like Dionysus. Dionysus supposedly offered his followers life after death along with a meaningful life on earth through sexual indulgences and the consumption of raw meat and wine. Those who joined in on the activities of worshiping Dionysus, would get so wild in their sexual practices that the festivals were outlawed in the city Rome because they were considered to be too immoral! The images engraved on coins excavated from archeological sites are those of snakes amidst fruits & vegetables, and some coins even that portraiyed the Emperor Caracalla standing before a snake coiled around a tree. Therefore wherever the Christian went he would be confronted with cultic practices that included the very symbol of the evil one himself the, snake.
The definition for the Greek word Pergamum (Πέργαμος ) is objectionable marriage, which alludes to the church mixing the truth with lies of questionable teachers, such as the Nicolaitans (Rev 2:15). The church is being charged by Christ for compromising with the world, in that some held to the doctrine of Balaam. Just as Balaam taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the children of Israel) some 1400 years earlier, there were some teachers in the Pergamos church who taught that it was lawful to eat things sacrificed to idols, and that committing sexual immorality was not sinful. We read in the letter to the Ephesian church that it is credited for hating the Nicoalaitans, however in Pergamum the church was embracing the very doctrine that was detested by Christ Himself. Peter anticipated that such problems would exist when he wrote his second letter some 30 years earlier.
“They are spots and blemishes, carousing in their own deceptions while they feast with you, having eyes full of adultery and that cannot cease from sin, enticing unstable souls. They have a heart trained in covetous practices, and are accursed children. They have forsaken the right way and gone astray, following the way of Balaam the son of Beor.” (2Pe 2:13-15)
There is no way to know if those teaching the false doctrine at Pergamos were being paid as Balaam was, but we do know that sexual immorality and compromise with idolatry was not only tolerated but even advocated by some in the church. It is wise to remember that it is not those who are outside the church structure who mislead the brethren but the sheep in wolves clothing that lead the flock astray from within the Church’s ranks. Too often believers run after words that suit their individual tastes rather than hold fast to the simplicity and radical demands that the Gospel makes upon them. Timothy was warned by Paul about this when he said that instead of following sound doctrine they will hire teachers who will scratch their itchy ears. (2 Tim 4:3-4) As that happens the church will start to resemble the church of Pergamum and compromise their walk with Christ.

While the church was admonished to repent from following these false teachers (Rev 2:13), I must point out that some held fast to their faith. One of them, Antipas, was even put to death for his faith. According to some ancient sources the second bishop of Pergamum was a dentist named Antipas. Then there ts the theory that the word Antipas describes the type of person or persons who at that time related to the phrase “ the things which are" in Rev 1:19. The word Antipas (ἀντί) in Greek, can also signify "against all, over against, opposite, or instead of. So the use of the word antipas here could be a designation of those who were faithful in their opposition to false teachers who corrupted the truth. There is no way to proof either of these explanations, but I offer them both for consideration.

The letter continues that Christ tells those who do repent, that they can expect a white stone with a new name and some of the hidden manna. (Rev 2:17). To the Greeks, a white stone was a symbol of acquittal, whereas a black stone was a judgment of guilt. The implication here being that those receiving a white stone will be justified as innocent and gain victory over the second death. The idea of hidden manna reflects a Jewish tradition, (from the Apocrypha book II Maccabees) about the pot of manna that was placed in the ark for a memorial to future generations (Ex 16:32). When Solomon’s Temple was destroyed in the sixth century BC, Jeremiah supposedly took the ark and its contents and hid them underground in Mt Nebo. There it was to remain until the coming of the Messiah when Jeremiah would reappear and return the ark and its contents to the new messianic temple in Jerusalem. (2 Mac 2:4)
Among historicists and some futurists, Pergamum is representative of the imperial church age that started with the Edict of Milan in 313 AD and lasted until about 606 AD. This is a period of time when the church and state merged, or as the meaning of Pergamum alludes to, it entered into an objectionable marriage. The majority of converts during this time became Christian in name only, bringing their pagan practices and lifestyles into a compromised church. We see the same kind of problems that the Pergamos church was faced with in many churches today. Like those of the Pergamos, they too can repent and receive all the blessings of eternal life in the glory of heaven or they can refuse to repent and face the terrifying reality of having the Lord Jesus Christ declare war on them. Far too many churches today would rather maintain the path of compromise with the world, and it is this compromise that will inevitably lead its members to eternal damnation. This letter is a warning that churches today should heed by taking a strong stand for God’s truth and refusing to compromise with the world.

"He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches”, I pray that those who read His words will call upon the name that is above all names, and gain eternal salvation.
Amen



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Christ's Message to Thyatira
The Corrupt Church

Of the seven churches addressed by John, the fourth church, Thyatira, is the smallest yet it received the longest message. (Rev 2:18-29) This corrupt church was located 42 miles inland from the Aegean Sea in an alluvial plain between the Hermus and Calcius rivers . There were no natural geographical formations like steep mountains or deep rivers to provide it with a good base from which to defend its position. Its sole purpose was to act as the first line of defense in front of a hostile advancing army and to hinder their movement while the kingdom's main forces were mustered deeper behind the battlefront.

The history of thyatira consists of being controlled by the leading powers of the time, whether it was Alexander’s Greece, the Pergamon Kingdom, Antiochene empire, or the Roman Empire. Because it was so easily overrun, for most of it's history it remained a relatively small city compared to that of Ephesus and Pergamum. However, after Rome introduced Pax Romana, it settled into becoming a fairly peacefull city that boasted more trade guilds than in any other Asian city of its time. From excavated coins it is evident that guilds of carpenters, tent makers, bakers, bronze smiths, wool workers, potters, linen weavers, tanners and the famous dyers of purple were all active in the city. Lydia the seller of purple was from this city (Act 16:14). We do not know if this church was founded by Lydia or not, but it did grow in time to be a very wealthy church. Unfortunately it probably grew wealthy because of its members compromising their values by listening to the advice of a certain prophetess.

As in the rest of the Asian province, guilds, or trade unions, would often hold banquets for its members. These banquets included the eating of food offered to idols and the participation in immoral sexual acts. Coming to Christ meant the loss of their livelihood and financial resources for the Church if they abstained from the communal feasts. However, participation would be tantamount to renouncing the very faith they had come to accept, thus denying the One who suffered and died for them. A prophetess named Jezebel, managed to work out a theology that allowed them to compromise their faith in Christ with continued participation in the local trade unions, and that meant continued financial prosperity and material wealth.

In the Old Testament, Jezebel was the wife of King Ahab, who became a puppet in her hands for working all wickedness in the sight of Jehovah (1Kings 21:25). She established the Phoenician idolatry on a grand scale at her husband's court, maintaining at her table 450 prophets of Baal and 400 of Astarte (1Kings 16:31-32, 1Kings 18:19, 1Kings 18:13). Since that time, the name Jezebel has been known in history as the representative of all that is designing, crafty, malicious, revengeful, cruel, and immoral. We do not know if this prophetess’s real name was Jezebel or if Christ used the name as a description for the type of woman she was. What we do know is that this Jezebel was very influential in leading members of the church into immoral practices with the above mentioned guilds for various pagan gods.

When people deliberately reject the Lord's authority, He is no longer their God. The result is that they must find another god, for it is impossible for the human spirit to live without something to live for. That is the very root of what a god is. That which you worship and live for, that which makes living worthwhile to you, becomes your god. It could be the god of entertainment, like sports, video games, and television, or the god of sexual pleasure, the god of money and wealth, or even the god of ambition that one worships trying to attain fame and fortune. The point is, wherever or whatever you direct your strongest energy towards, that will become the place of greatest temptation in this regard. It would be wise to remember, that the beast you feed will be the one that grows the strongest in your life. In Thyatira, accept for a few faithful, the members of the church were more interested in keeping their jobs than following the true God's commandments. And so, their jobs and their status became their god, while Jezebel was the person Christ pointed to as the reason for their stumbling due to her actions and refusal to repent.

I gave her time to repent of her sexual immorality, and she did not repent. Indeed I will cast her into a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation, unless they repent of their deeds. I will kill her children with death, and all the churches shall know that I am He who searches the minds and hearts. (Rev 2:21-23)

Because Jezebel did not repent of her evils, Christ warns of a certain punishment for her by using a strong Hebraic term that means to “kill” with a most sure and awful form of death. There is also a punishment for those who either commit sins with her, or are led into the same kind of lifestyle if they refuse to repent. As for the words “children” used in verse 23, there is a debate as to whether the words are to be taken literally or figuratively. The word itself could be interpreted either way and there is nothing in the context, nor in the original language, that can be correctly determined. I must also point out that there is precedence to show that other passages in the Scriptures have both literal and figurative meaning, a prime example would be these letters to the seven churches.

Now if the word “children” is to be taken literally, it is in accordance with what is often threatened in the Scriptures, that children shall be visited with calamity for the sin's of their parents. This is not to say that I believe in generational curses, but the very actions of parents do affect the lives of their children. Children of alcoholic or drug addicted parents would be an excellent example of this, because it is not uncommon for whole families to suffer from a parent's neglect due to their addictions. The other side of this debate comes from the understanding that the use of the word “children” is to be taken figuratively. Children would refer to those who have been so infected by Jezebel's doctrines that they would themselves be propagators of this false teaching that has so infected this church. An example would be the way false denominations have begun from the teachings of just a few, or even one misguided individual like the Mormon's Joseph Smith, or Arianism which denies the doctrine of the trinity, this heresy was first propagated by Arius in the 4th century. As for the reference of the word “death”, it alludes to a judgment so severe that it would serve as a stern warning to other churches to beware of such practices.

Prophetically, Thyatira represents the church age from about the 6th to the 16th century, a thousand years that I like to refer to as the "The Devil's Millennium”. It was a time when the church became corrupt by combining pagan rites and Christian teaching. Many heathen rituals were introduced into the churches that in time were accepted as being Biblical. These practices included the worshiping of images, the selling of indulgences to buy ones way out of hell, and various other practices of the priests which were unknown to the early church but gained approval during the devil's millennium. In time it became difficult to distinguish the clergy from the corrupt monarchs, as political power by religious authorities was widely sought. Like the church of Thyatira this age was truly corrupt and dark, as the Light did not burn very bright. Thus we have the term that aptly describes this time, at least the first 500 years or so, as the “Dark Ages”.

The range of praise regarding Thyatira’s spiritual status was perhaps the widest given to any of the seven churches, and it is also the only church that is said to have improved its spiritual condition. However, all the good works were being overshadowed by their inability to smell the stench coming from the practices of those who were corupting it from within. So while Christ did give praise for their love, faith, service, and perseverance, because they did not repent He eventually removed their lampstand. This was a warning Christ gave to the church of Ephesus if they did not return to their first love (Rev 2:5). Now all that remains of this once busy and wealthy church, is stone and dust to mark the place where it once existed. Christians must understand that we can either become corrupt like the Thyatirans or stand fast against the evils and temptations of the world. Ultimately though, the life we live in the world is but a proving ground, and we will be tested daily so that on judgement day we can stand before Christ and hear the words every Christian looks forward to, “Well done good and faithful servant, you may enter my rest”. For those of us who do overcome, we will have it accounted to us for righteousness and receive the Morning Star, Christ Himself. (Rev 22:16)

I pray that those who have ears to hear, will hear His voice and call upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Amen

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Christ's Message to Sardis
The Dead Church

In my ongoing series on the book of Revelation, I now move on down the postal route to the next church in Christ's message to the seven churches of Asia, Sardis.

The fifth church mentioned in John’s message was probably the oldest settlement in Asia Minor. Archeological evidence shows that Sardis was probably first inhabited shortly after the confusion of languages and the subsequent dispersion of the people (Gen 11:5-7). As the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, Sardis was one of the greatest cities of the ancient world. In the 6th century BC it was ruled by a king named Croesus, some believe he was the infamous King Midas of legends of old, and probably the wealthiest man since King Solomon. Like Bill Gates the name Croesus’s, or Midas, became a proverb of sorts for wealth and luxury thanks to the gold and silver panned from the Pactalus River. The abundance of electrum, a gold and silver alloy, allowed the Lydians to be the first society in history to mint coins. By fixing a guarantied value to their coins, the Lydian currency became acceptable for tender in trade throughout the known world.

Sardis, the Lydian Capital, was protected by a fortress built about 1500 feet above the plain on a ridge of the 5800-foot high Mount Tmolus. The precipice was so difficult to reach that it was considered virtually impregnable, so the cliff side of the city was never defended against a military assault. The people of Sardis believed that no army on earth could capture their city. Thus they lived with a smug sense of pride, having confidence in their riches and impregnable fortress. However, like the Titanic that was thought to be unsinkable, Sardis was actually vulnerable and was captured, shocking the ancient world by its defeat. Not once but twice in its history, a band of brave soldiers climbed up the sides of the cliff and entered an unwatched gate. After each disaster the city recovered, but like most people who fail to learn from their history they slipped back into a false sense of security.

Christ used this fact of their history to point out the complacent spirit in the church. When a church begins to love its systems more than it loves Jesus, when it’s more concerned with material things than spiritual things, and when their past history and glory is what they worship, they start to die from within. One of the differences between the message to Sardis and the messages to the other churches, is they were not recognized for any struggles. The church in Sardis was so devoid of life that it actually had no struggles going on within it. There are no Jewish accusers of this church even though it had a large Jewish community with one of the largest synagogues in the Asian Province. They ignored the church, or perhaps did not even know of its existence. There were no false apostles or any of the domineering Nicolaitans who needed to be guarded against and there were no female seducers, as at Thyatira. There was nothing, nada, zip, and that was the ministry of the church at Sardis. It was dead!

Some may have been professing Christians, engaged in religious activities but never truly trusting in Jesus Christ. More than likely, however, they were carnal believers who had made a good start, but had failed to move on, to grow and experience true spirituality. They were active, engaged in works, but temporally dead, out of fellowship with Christ.(Eph 5:14-18) Many Christians today in America fit the description of the Sardis church members, they believe they are saved because they associate themselves with a Christian church. However as James would say, “You have faith, and I have works. Show me your faith without works, and I by my works will show you my faith.” (James 2:18) The point is that while we are saved by faith and not works, our lack of works shows how little faith we really have. Thus we could be in jeopardy of losing our faith if we do not diligently do the works as Christ said,

"But why do you call Me "Lord, Lord,' and not do the things which I say? Whoever comes to Me, and hears My sayings and does them, I will show you whom he is like: He is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock. And when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently against that house, and could not shake it, for it was founded on the rock. But he who heard and did nothing is like a man who built a house on the earth without a foundation, against which the stream beat vehemently; and immediately it fell. And the ruin of that house was great." (Luke 6:46-49)

Jesus wanted them to be watchful lest they suffer the same fate as the city had to outside attacks, an obvious warning from the city’s historic problem of not being on guard. (Rev 3:3)

They are also told of a few good followers who have not soiled their garments and will one day be clothed in white. (Rev 3:5) Sardis was devoted to the worship of the mother-goddess Cybele and no temple worshipper was allowed to approach the temple of the gods with soiled or unclean garments. A white and clean robe was required to approach its so-called gods. So the reference to the white robe would make the reader think of purity and acceptance by God. To the allegorist Sardis represents the age of the reformation from Luther to Wesley, approximately 1517-1793. The reformation revealed the wrongs of the church for many followers, but that awakening also showed how little the sheep cared.

I pray that those who have ears to hear, will hear His voice and call upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Amen

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Christ's Message to Philadelphia
The Faithful Church

Known as the “City of Brotherly love”, this earthquake prone city was the home of this faithful church. Founded by the Pergamon King Attalos II, for his brother Eumenes, this city often changed its name during various times of its history, depending upon what ruler the inhabitants wanted to honor. The name Philadelphia was a reflection of the love and commitment that Attalus II showed to his elder brother Eumenes who ruled throughout Lydia before him. Thus, the “City of Brotherly Love”. Attalos wanted his new city to be a center for the Greco- Roman civilization, this way he could spread the Greek Culture and language toward the east. This made the city of Philadelphia a mission of sorts for evangelizing this new culture. As the last city to fall to the Turks in 1392, Philadelphia’s resistance was haled as an island of Christianity in the sea of Turkish domination.

According to tradition it is believed that the church was either established by Lucius, a relative of Paul, or by Demetrius, who was sent by the Apostle John. Because Christ was the center of this church, it had an open door to God, and this door was Christ John 10:7 & 1 Timothy 2:5.The church was very active in evangelizing because God had created opportunities for witnessing, outreach, and missions. When a church is faithful, true, and holy, God opens doors Acts 14:27. The more we remain beside Jesus Christ, and the more faithful we are to follow His truth, the more doors will open for us.

Many have wondered what the characteristics of a Philadelphian Christian are. The primary answer would be a Christian who bears the Fruits of the Spirit Galatians, which is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. This type of a Christian reads and meditates upon God's Word daily, thus allowing His wisdom and love to be firmly planted in the mind and heart. This allows the Holy Spirit to work through him. James described this as receiving with meekness the Word of God.

Therefore lay aside all filthiness and overflow of wickedness, and receive with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls. James 1:21
The characteristics of a Christian who bears the Fruits of the Spirit, has the type of traits we should all strive to achieve. However, even if we ever reach that point in our walk with Christ, we may not know ourselves that we have achieved that goal. The reason we would not know is because of our humility. Humility is one of the traits of the Philadelphian Christian, humility to the point of indifference towards ones own accomplishments. The other traits are as follows;

Trustworthiness, This Christian is faithful to his calling, even in times of trouble, persecution, and hardship, and he will not depart the calling, but can be trusted in his obedience to the Word.
Loyalty, This Christian is not just loyal to God and His Word, but he is loyal to his fellow Christians who know they can depend upon him to do that which is right.
Helpfulness, This Christian provides assistance to those in need, and they are a useful member in society, that is as long as the tasks they perform for society do not conflict with the laws of God. They will also display a work ethic that is usually one of the best an employer could ask for.
Friendliness, This Philadelphian Christian is friendly to the brethren, and even to those who persecute them by speaking evil or belittling them. This is a very difficult thing to do, and the only way to accomplish it is by being filled with the Holy Spirit to the extent that agape love flows through them to those who persecute and spitefully use them
Courteousness, One who is graciously considerate towards of feelings of others. This Christian does not fly off the handle and verbally abuse others, nor do they hurt the feelings of others through prideful and arrogant actions. A Philadelphian Christian is polite and tactful in their dealings with others, and it shows in their good manners.
Kindness, This person is generous, warm-hearted, charitable, and has legitimate sympathy and understanding for the feelings of others. They are tolerant and patient in the face of provocation from others and are not easily provoked. They are not only decent towards people, but also humane and considerate when dealing with animals.
Obedience, Philadelphian Christians are obedient to God and to those whom God has placed in authority over them. They follow the laws of man and will be seen as a law-abiding citizen. The only time a Philadelphian Christians would rebel against the authorities above them, would be when the orders go against the laws of God.
Cheerfulness, Even in the face of adversity, these Christians are at peace with God because they are filled with the Holy Spirit. They exhibit the joy and pleasure of knowing that they belong to God, regardless of what may happen to them in the World, because they know that one day they will be with God and all suffering, pain, and sorrow will be over.
Thriftiness, These Christians are wise with that which God has entrusted to them. They are also industrious in their work while being very prudent and wise in the way they spend their money.
Bravery, The Philadelphian Christian possesses the kind of courage, boldness and valor that is not the pretentious bravery known as bravado, but instead, this Christian is one who would willingly put their life on the line to save another, and they would be embarrassed by any attention that they may receive for doing so.
Cleanliness, These Philadelphian Christians are free from the stain of sin, and their life is free of addictions and crime. This Philadelphian Christian is not just clean on the inside, but they keep himself clean on the outside.
Reverence, These individuals show deep respect, love, and veneration toward God. You will not catch them slipping and using the Lord's name in vain, because these Christians have a healthy dose of fear and reverence for the Creator of the universe.

In Proverbs 22:1, Solomon tells us that a good name is to be chosen rather than great riches. A man's worth is usually judged by his character and his character is judged by the life he has lived. In His closing remarks to this church, Christ promises that those who overcome and persevered will have three names written on them.
1.) ”And I will write on him the name of My God”, which means that on this pillar, God will write His very own name. The believer persevered for this name. He went through trial for that name so God will write His own name on this pillar.
2.) The second name will be the name of ”the city of My God, the New Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God”. Chapters 21 & 22 of Revelation gives a brilliant, and striking description of the "New Jerusalem." This is the place of wonderful fellowship with God. To people living in an earthquake zone, this would have been a picture of stability as apposed to destruction and decay, because all Christians will eternally fellowship with God.
3.) Christ says the last shall be ”His new name” that is written on the believer. No one knows that name yet but in Revelation 19:12 it says that when Jesus appears, He will come with that new name. Just as the followers of Christ are now identified by His name, thus we are called Acts 11:26 Christians, we will then be recognized by His new name, and that name will be written on us.

Like Smyrna, Philadelphia is the only other city of the seven that still has a remnant of Christians left, most likely due to their faithfulness to the Gospel. And although both churches were poor, weak, and suffering from the Jewish persecution, they were full of life and vigor. Just as the city was loyal to the Roman Empire, these Christians stayed loyal to their faith in Christ. Of all the churches John wrote to, Philadelphia’s prosperity lasted the longest, probably as a direct result of God blessing them for their faith in Him. A close look at the message of Revelation 3:10 shows what many scholars believe alludes to the rapture of the church before the tribulation that is to come. The phrase “I also will keep you from the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world”, is believed to refer to a global crisis in the future that Jesus promises to “keep” the church “from” suffering in. Jesus encourages them to “hold fast” and preserver so that no one takes their crown from them.

Like Philadelphia’s history of being a mission for the Greco-Roman culture, this church represents the age of the “Great Awakening” and “Worldwide Missions Movement” started by such notables as evangelical preachers Wesley, Whitefield, Edwards, and missionaries Carey, Judson and Livingstone. Last week I wrote about the church of Sardis and how dead it was. Well, as dead as the Sardis Christians were in their spiritual walk, so was the church of Philadelphia on fire for God, winning souls and teaching the Word with love. The church with "little strength" is now a pillar of strength possessing honor forever in the very presence of God. Every Christian who accepts the finished work of the One who suffered and died on the cross, has eternal life, not temporal life, and that Life is in Christ Jesus.

I pray that those who have ears to hear, will hear the voice of the Lord and call upon His name.
Amen


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Christ's Message to Laodicea
The Lukewarm Church

Founded around 255 BC and named after his wife Laodice by the Seleucid King Antiochus II, this city was located about 100 miles directly east of the first church mentioned by Christ, "Ephesus". Situated on one of the great Asian trade routs, Laodicea become prosperous because of its garment industry which used a black wool that had a soft texture like silk and could be found only in the Lycus Valley. However, it was also known for a medical school that grew out if it’s temple worship of the Phrygian god Men Karou, located 13 miles west of Laodicea.

Its most famous medicines were ointments made from spice; "nard" for the ears and an eye salve made from alum called "Phrygian powder". This eye salve was actually a powder made by crushing Phrygian stones and forming it into tablets. Believed to be a cure for weak eyes this medication was sold throughout the Asian and the Mediterranean lands. All of these aspects of its economy led Laodicea to becoming a leading banking center. Due to the frequent earthquakes in the area, their financial success in banking meant they did not need to depend upon any aid from Rome to rebuild. Laodicea was thus a kind of Bank of America, Wal-Mart and Mayo Clinic all rolled into one

In this letter, Christ introduces Himself to the Laodicean church as "the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of God’s creation" (Rev 3:14). By introducing Himself as a faithful and true witness, Christ presented them with a sharp contrast to their own inactivity in witnessing and serving. Upon reading the letter, they would have been convicted by its description of their faith. Christ likened it to being lukewarm, an obvious reference to their tepid drinking water supplied from a distant thermal springs in Hierapolis (Rev 3:15-16). They also would have found it ironic that He called them "poor and naked and blind" (Rev 3:17). An obvious reference to their banking, clothing, and eye salve industries that enriched them to the point of being able to turn down Rome’s financial help in times of need. They needed no one and obviously they acted in such a way when it came to their walk with Christ.

The Laodiceans wore black garments with pride, but Christ advised the Christians of this city to buy from Him "white garments" of purity and righteousness. Although they were renowned for having an expertise in medical treatments for the eyes, they were unaware of their spiritual blindness. Jesus appeals to them to buy salve from him for better spiritual vision. Christ also tells them to zealously seek out His forgiveness and stop being indifferent. In his commentary on Revelation, Robert Thomas puts it so eloquently that I would like to borrow the following quote:

"Let my strong criticisms of you open your eyes at once to the need of repentance and also to the fact that it is really love on My part that prompts Me to reprove and chastise you. A realization of My loving concern, as well a your own desperate condition, should bring a resolute change of purpose and kindle within you a warm fervor of devotion that will dispense with lukewarmness".
Robert Thomas

The Laodiceans are asked to let Christ in because He stands at the door knocking and only they can open the door for Him to dine with them at His throne in the presence of His Father.

The name Laodicea means "Rule of the people", and like the democratic systems of our present age, the church of Laodicea represents the end times. A time when men rule and governments listen to them, but we are also getting closer yet to the end of the last period of time. In the last 50 years there have been scholars who have predicted that the Western style capitalist democracies would be replaced by socialist democracies. They have pointed out that these socialist governments would become more totalitarian as the people became more defendant upon them. The theory being, that while a capitalist society would raise the level of prosperity for all, the people themselves would in turn demand more from the government while moving farther away from God.

Like the wealthy and independent Laodiceans, who allowed their wealth and prosperity to turn them into lukewarm worshipers of Christ, so to are the citizens of the Western world. Throughout history, the warning from Christ that "it is easier for a camel to go through and eye of a needle than for a rich man to get into heaven" has proved to be so true. It was after all, just a matter of time before our wealth and prosperity would begin to cloud our spiritual walk as it did the Laodiceans. That sense of self reliance and a lukewarm approach towards the one and only true God allows the enemy to sneak in and steel our crown. So as we look at the letter to the lukewarm Laodiceans, it is my prayer that Christians around the world would hear the knock at the door, see the obvious signs of the times we live in, and repent.

I pray that those who have ears to hear, will hear what the Spirit says to the churches, and call upon His name.
Amen


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Message To The Church Of America


by Chuck Ness

Are you living a safe and comfortable life? Then maybe you are not doing enough. Tertullian said that The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church. Yet today I see the church in America dying a slow death due to the fact that the Saints in America like their blood too much to offer it as a sacrifice for Christ and His church today.

That’s because too many Christians in America are so connected to the world that they refuse to face the danger Christ told us we must face for Him. Jesus said to the disciples, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me. For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake will find it. (Matthew 16:24-25) At that time the disciples did not understand that Jesus was going to die on the cross.

Imagine if Paul was more worried about his flesh and comfort than his soul? Paul, and the rest of the Apostles picked up their cross and followed Christ to their death. Like Paul, they faced many dangers and I am convinced they all came close to death many times before they paid the ultimate price of following Christ.

Remember, if your doing the Lords work, He does not promise that you will succeed at your task unmarked or even alive. What he promises, is an eternal existence in a place He has prepared for you in one of the Fathers mansions. If you die in the process of carrying that cross, then the Lord is saying your work in the world is complete and it’s time to take up residence in your new home in Heaven.

Now I realize that not all Christians are called to sacrifice in the same way, but if you are living a safe and comfortable life, then maybe you should reevaluate what you are doing. After all, carrying your cross should be a difficult thing to do. It was for Him, but he did anyway.

I ask this question of my fellow American Christians, because the Churches are empty. Oh I know Covid is threatening everyone. Yet it doesn't seem to stop you from going to the store for food. Well, what about the food for your soul? Or the food you are supposed to be sharing with others too save their souls? Imagine if Nero, Or any of the many Roman rulers who persecuted the Christians could have been as successful as the fear monger scaring you about a flu that has a 99% survival rate?

Wake up American Church, wake up and remember your first love. Wake up and get back to church, back to evangelizing, back to doing the ministry for Christ you were called to do. Stop fearing the lie from man more than you love Christ.  He did not call you to cower in fear so your flesh will survive on earth. He called you to be bold and fear not. 

Christ is watching the church members of America, and what He sees cannot be pleasing to Him. We American Christians have become so cozy and complacent, that we would rather risk losing our lampstand than our comfort. Is that you Christian? Wake up, and get back to the business of Christ. 

He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the church of America

Often times we act as if the American Christian church is the most faithful in the world, yet we would be sadly mistaken to think that.

Consider how even when the churches in America are overflowing, many members start fidgeting in their seats if the service lasts longer than an hour. Many start looking at their watch. Then after services, 99% of the congregation makes a B-Line for the exit so they can get on with the last day of their weekend.

Compare that to church services in many countries around the World, especially in third World countries. Church services can last up to 4 hours, and some just take a break after the service to congregate and visit, before sitting through another service that can last a few hours. For them, it's an all day event.

Their is a reason I was moved to write this message in the way I did. The American Church is fading in it's fire. Christians seldom do more than attend a service once a week, and even fewer get out to share the Gospel with the lost.

It was easy to shut down churches in America with a lie, because so few Christians in America will sacrifice more than an hour a week for Christ, let alone sacrifice their livelihood by standing up to the government by picking up their cross in defiance of a lie.

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Audio & Video Sermons
I Shared With The Residents of
Windchime Retirement Center
in Chico CA


Introduction to Book of Psalms (mp3)

Psalm 1
"Be Not a Companion of Fools" (mp3)


Psalm 42
"Thirsting For God" (mp3)


Psalm 73
"A Christians Perspective of the Lost" (mp3)


Psalm 90
"Numbering Our Days" (mp3)


Psalm 107
"A Thanksgiving Prayer" (mp3)


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Articles On Current Topics
Written by Chuck Ness
aka "OneVike"

Democrat Governors Murdered Almost
100,000 Elderly Citizens to Stop Trump


From B-1 Bob to Trump, The "Axis Of Evil"
Has Perfected Their Assault on Outsiders


A Biden/Harris Government
Will Destroy America


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The Ladies of WindChime Retirement Center

Democrat Governors Murdered Almost
100,000 Elderly Citizens to Stop Trump

by Chuck Ness
October 17, 2020

Imagine someone being so evil and so full of hate for a President that they would actually conspire with other elected officials to murder almost 100,000 citizens, just to get a political advantage in an election year. Well Democrat Governors in CA, NY, IL, PA, MI, NJ, and other states did just that. They murdered elderly nursing home citizens so they could take out Trump.

I share this from my heart, because of the women in the picture above. These women were in essence, like my surrogate Mothers and Grandmothers. I loved these ladies, and I can only imagine how angry I would be if I knew that a politician murdered them just to get a political advantage for an election.

When I took the picture in June 2008, little did I know then that 7 Months later 4 of them would die quickly within 3 weeks of each other. I was in my 2nd year as their Sunday Pastor and my 3rd year as their Monday night Bible study teacher. I would be in the position for a total of 4 years. Now every year I had members of my congregation who came down with a cold or the flu, and sadly one did die from complications brought on by the flu the first year when I was only their Monday Night Bible Study teacher, but none would be seriously sick again.

That is until the Winter of 2009-2010. Well, that Winter was worse then usual. In a matter of three weeks just after Christmas, 4 of the the women were stricken with the flu and died. One lady, Cece, already had a breathing problem due to a life of dealing with asthma. She was on oxygen and passed away before anyone realized how sick she really was. The other three were quite healthy, yet they still succumbed to the virus rather quickly. I would later learn that it was the SARS flu that sent them home to Christ.

You may remember that over 87 million Americans got sick from the SARS that Winter. I was heartbroken, because these women were like my own Mom, or Grandmother. I knew in my heart they went home to be with our LORD whom they dearly loved. Thus, the sadness I felt was soon replaced with joy for them. They had all been followers of the Lord for over a half a century, and now there pain and suffering was over. I can honestly tell you that those in my congregation all looked forward to the end of their trials. Not so much that they wanted to hurry it along, but still they looked forward to their meeting with Christ. I know there were other deaths at the nursing home that died from SARS, how many I did not know. As I stated, it is something that happens every year.

Most of you know, that every Winter during the cold and flu Season it's the elderly, and those with pre-existing medical problems who are effected the most. Every one of us can think back through the years and remember when either ours or a friend's relative suffered severely due to the viruses passing around in the Winter Months. It's a fact that colds and flus are worst in the Winter, because we are all closed up in a house with no windows open to clear the air. Colds and flus do come on in the Summer Months, but people are outside and the heard immunity kicks in so that whatever strain is out their we all get immune to it until the next Winter. That's when we are again locked up in close quarters with no fresh air to disperse to clear out the viruses, and the sickness again takes it toll. Something we have dealt with for tens of thousands of years. Thus the very act of locking us all down in our homes was the most ridiculous and deadly thing ever conjured up. Yet we know why it was done.

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) numbers show that 2009-2010 was more severe than COVID is. As for the death rate, the CDC reported that 10% of those who got infected with SARS died that year. You do the math, with 87 million being the number CDC reported as having contracted SARS. Mind you, we were NOT mass testing like today and SARS still dwarfs the number who have tested positive with COVID this year. Imagine if we were mass testing back then? Yet we also know that the number of elderly who died from COVID-19 this year is extremely high, but it did not have to be.

Had Governors back in the Winter of 2009-2010 ordered hospitals to send patients ill with the virus into nursing homes as they did this year, the numbers of elderly deaths from SARS would have dwarfed the total number of deaths for all COVID cases in the United States. I can only imagine how many more Mothers, Fathers, Grandmothers, and Grandfathers at WindChime would have died that Winter, had the Democrat Governors practiced the same policy they put in place this year. As I said, it would have been devastating. In fact the death toll of all Americans would have been well over 2 million. Yet, Obama was President and they didn't hate him. Nor did they want to politically hurt his chances of getting re-elected.

What the Democrats did, was commit mass murder to take out President Trump. They did what China does every year. See, in a communist country, a citizens worth is what they can do for the good of the country. Citizens are slaves. If a citizen cannot produce, they must be illuminated. Millions of elderly and useless Chinese citizens are murdered every year. What, millions died? Oh well, problem solved. The Chinese government invents diseases to kill people, especially the weak and elderly. After all, a dead man doesn't have be fed or sheltered.

Today, the Democrats are practicing the same thing. Their only motive this time is to gain power by taking out Trump. Never Trumpers and RINO's are also part of the problem, because they stand by and allow the Democrats to do as they please. Mind you, if they ever gain the power they crave, they will use the same method to control us. Trust me, once they have power, they too will have to murder us. Like China, we are expendable and useless once we cannot, or will not, produce.

Now, as I said, I was at WindChime for 4 years before leaving. Well, I did not leave on my own accord. See, in the Summer of 2010, a new Director was hired. Before then, the Director of the rest home was a nice respectful man. He wasn't a believer, but we got along well. He left me alone to teach and preach as I felt the LORD lead me. When the new Director of operations was brought in. She was a lesbian, who replaced much of the staff, and eventually stopped me from being the Pastor or Bible teacher.

While I was not all that crazy about the new Director, I kept my feelings to myself. Then the week leading up to Easter, I received a call while I was preparing my Easter Sunday message. I was told that I was not welcome back to WindChime, and that they found a new person to do the Sunday messages and teach the Monday Bible study. When I asked why, I was just told it was for personal reasons. Eventually I would visit some of the ladies and inquired what they knew about the reason I was told not to return. I asked if anyone complained, and they all told me no. They said it was the Directors decision, because she heard part of my message and considered it to be Homophobic. Mind you, while I was not particularly targeting the woman's sexual preference, I did not shy away from a passage in the Bible that was part of what I was teaching. I never have and I never will back down from speaking the truth, and neither her's nor anyone else's misguided beliefs was going to stop me. Sorry, the only one I need approval from is GOD himself. Well she decided my teaching was not good for the residents.

When I started giving Sunday Sermons 2 years earlier, there was but 5 women who attended my services and no men. When I was told to not rerun I had well over 20 women and a couple of men who usually attended the Sunday service. Sometimes more, sometimes less, but considering their age you can imagine how the attendance would fluctuate. I referred to them as the Women of WindChime, because the men would attend the services maybe once a Month or so, but many of the Women were seldom absent. My Monday night Bible Study usually had about 4 to 8 Women. A few Months after I was told not to return, the Sunday attendence was down to 3 maybe 4 residents, and the Bible Study ceased to even exist.

I share this to let you know that I had a good following, and felt I was on my way to having even more residents come by. Under the previous Director, I was even allowed to present one of my Christmas messages in the main lobby where relatives and friends would come through as they visited their loved one's for Christmas. So I had a large crowd of maybe 75 people who heard my message. The sermon was titled, "Adored By Misfits". I have the audio in mp3 someplace on my HD if anyone is curious and would like to hear it. Just pm me and I'll upload it to a drop box and share a link to it.

Something else happened that took me by surprise. Neither the Pastor nor any Elders of the Church lifted a protest to the new Director. They were silent. Well, it wasn't long before I found myself attending another Church. I did do some Bible Studies and give a few sermons at other nursing homes and retirement centers in Chico. However, never again did I experience the warmth, joy, and closeness I felt from the Ladies of WindChime. Many things have happened since, and I have not been so Blessed to be in a position like I was at WindChime. Probably more of my own doing since my wife has had medical complications and I have been struggling off and on again with some physical issues myself. However, the LORD has been good too me.

As a last note, please keep all our elderly citizens in the nursing and retirement homes in your prayers. So many forget they exist, but they are there, and some are physically and mentally abused. Not just by evil attendants at times, but by the Democrat politicians who will even condemn them too death if it will advance their communist ideas.

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Bob Dornan & Family

From B-1 Bob to Trump, The "Axis Of Evil"
Has Perfected Their Assault on Outsiders

by Chuck Ness
November 7, 2020

Every now and then, a champion for the rights of the disenfranchised American citizen comes along to give us hope that not all is lost. Those champions know that we citizens go about our business of working hard, raising children, enjoying our leisure activities, and voting to put responsible people in power to protect and defend our constitutional rights.

Sadly, many times we are fooled by charismatic liars who convince us they are for us. Just to find out too late they are nothing but a well spoken snake oil salesmen, selling us tainted spirits disguised as medicine that will cure all our ills. However, from time to time we stumble upon a true patriot who does care and understand the plight we are faced with. A person like the fictional character, Jefferson Smith.


In the movie, Mr. Smith Goes To Washington”, a naive man is appointed to fill a vacancy in the United States Senate. His plans promptly collide with political corruption, but he doesn't back down. He speaks his mind, because he believes that America is a land of freedom for all who desire to live the American dream. The movie was made back in 1939, because by then Congress had already become a swamp full of self motivated creatures who could less about the plight of the American citizen.

In my lifetime we have had two such champions ascend to the Presidency, Ronald Reagan in 1980 and Donald Trump in 2016. We have also had numerous US House and Senators champion our causes. All of which have faced the wrath of the the MSM, the Democrat/Republican Establishment, and the entrenched D.C. Deep State. Something I will call, “The Axis of Evil”. These are the American Totalitarian elitists who promote the New World Order. Today we are witnessing the destruction of President Trump's re-election at the hand of this Axis of Evil.

Yet, we had a chance to stop what is unfolding before our eyes some 24 years ago. It was in 1996 when the Democrat party was given the green light by the establishment Republicans to steal an outspoken conservative's seat. Since then, the left has perfected their ability to steal race after race, all while the Republican establishment sits idly by never lifting a finger to stop it, nor bring the perpetrators to justice. That act of treason has led to today's disgraceful Presidential election fraud.

Does the name, “B-1 Bob”, ring a bell to anyone's memory? Some consider him to be the original Tea Partier. He was anti-establishment long before Obama's policies created the anti-establishment movement. For those who do remember him, you will remember how the Republican establishment refused to fight for Bob Dornan after Loretta Sanchez stole his House seat in the 1996 election.

See, B-1 Bob was a lot like Trump. He was outspoken and in our face about the truth. A truth the Democrats, MSM, and the Republican establishment did not want to hear. Like Donald Trump, he was an unabashed patriotic American who fought tooth and nail for the rights of all Americans. Yup, long before the anti-establishment Donal Trump came on the scene, B-1 Bob was loudly fighting for many of the same issues Trump has championed. Like Trump, B-1 Bob was not shy about the words he used when attacking inside the beltway traitors of the American way of life.

One memorable moment was while Dornan was speaking on the floor of the House during a debate on a bill that would have discouraged school districts from adopting a gay-friendly curriculum. He actually outed Steve Gunderson, a seven term Wisconsin Republican Congressman who at the time was still publicly in the closet as being a homosexual. That is until Congressman Bob Dornan said the following, which was promptly removed from the official record by the Republican leadership,
"My fellow Republican has a revolving door in his closet," said Dornan. "He's out. He's in. He's out. He's in."
B-1 Bob used his aggressive oratory, in a way that was both lethal towards his targets, but crude to the establishment snobs. Often times he would anger the snobs of both sides of the isle which led to many of his remarks being stricken from the records. Yet, you would never ever see him apologize for his jibes, because in his heart he knew he was right. Those who admired his straightforwardness, admired him for his honesty as he outed those from both parties who would dare try to pull the wool over the eyes of the American citizens.

From defending life in the womb, fighting against the left's pro gay agenda, boosting our military, working tirelessly for the American worker by helping to lower taxes and alleviate burdensome regulations that sent their jobs overseas, and by trying to stop what had already become a huge problem of illegal aliens streaming across our Southern border in California, Texas, New Mexico, & Arizona Bob was a true champion for America.

In one amazing moment, B-1 Bob chastised President Bill Clinton On the floor of the U.S. House, for giving aid and comfort to the enemy of America, and for misquoting biblical Scripture. (video below) The Republicans establishment agreed with the Democrats to censor out of the records, Bob's comments. Like Trump today, Bob's outspokenness never set well with the establishment, and thus they conspired to get him defeated. The Axis of Evil despises the truth being told. Just look how Social media, and the MSM refuse the truth about of evil to ever be seen or heard.

B-1 Bob Chastises President Clinton on Floor of House


After the 1996 election, Dornan's campaign staff had physical evidence of 5,000 illegal registrations in a race he lost by less than 1000 votes. Yet, the Republicans, who controlled the House, stopped the investigation before it got too close to proving him right. They stood down and allowed the Democrats to steal his seat. That day, the Democrats learned that they had an Allie in the Republican establishment. Eventually, the Republican establishment would stand by as Newt Gingrich's leadership team was removed and replaced, one by one under false charges.

Mind you, Gingrich himself was partially to blame, because he wanted everything to look so honest that he set a new rule in place. If any House leader is under investigation for anything they had to step down during an internal house investigation. Thus the Democrats started accusing the Leadership of all types of misconduct, and the Republican establishment types were more than willing to go along with the charades. They even stood by as Tom Delay was eventually charged and convicted of false money laundering charges. He would eventually have the conviction tossed out by an Appeals Court, but the damage was done to his reputation. The, “Axis of Evil” had prevailed.

Today as I watch the systematic theft of the Presidential election, I am reminded of how this could have been avoided. All Bob and Tom needed was for the establishment Republican's to stand with the American people. Instead of becoming part of the modern day Axis of Evil. Just as they are now telling Trump to sit down and shut up, these snake oil salesmen told B-1 Bob to take the medicine of defeat like a good loser and go away.

From the day Bob Dornan was defeated with illegal aliens voting, the Democrats have successfully defeated Republican after Republican in similar fashion. They have perfected their ability to steal elections, and with the help of a compliant media and the Republican establishment standing on the sideline refusing to fight for the truth, the Axis of Evil is dotting the i's and crossing the t's on a coup they started before Donald was even inaugurated in January 2017.

The one thing that still baffles me, is what makes the never conservative Republican establishment think they can ever survive once they helped the left gain complete control? After all, their days are numbered. It's just a matter of time before every Republican, wether they be liberal or conservative, male or female, black, white, or hispanic is removed from any power. Just look at every state controlled by Democrats. Siding with the left is a suicide pact. Power is a strong drug, and like heroin it can be lethal when you trust the wrong person to inject the drug into your veins. 

It's been said that the only thing which allows evil to prosper is when good men do nothing to stop it. As a Christian, I am often times asked why I fight so hard to defeat evil politicians when I am called to save souls. My response is always the same.

As a Christian, I am called to defend the truth, regardless of where truth is being attacked. Jesus told the Disciples, “I am the way, the truth, and the life.” Why would I not defend the Truth? There is right and there is wrong. Regardless of where I see falsehood being spewed, I am called to correct it. In America, God gave me the right to hold my leaders accountable. 

Just as I correct false Christian Doctrine that can lead to one being a slave to sin and eternal death, I will correct false political doctrine that leads to misery, death, and a loss of freedom. Defending the truth and standing for it will inevitably set us free. Even if it leads to my death, I would rather defend the truth so that all can be free. Why would anyone stand idly by and allow loved one's and friends to become slaves?

You either fight or you become part of the problem. Those who refuse to fight for Trump, are part of the problem, and thus the enemy of “We The People”
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A Biden/Harris Government
Will Destroy America

by Chuck Ness
November 8, 2020


What I am telling you is not hyperbole, and it's not scare mongering. It is a fact. If Biden accomplishes even half of what he is promising to do, we can expect the future of America to be lost.  You can look at Venezuela today, because that is what pure Socialism creates. The only winners are those in control, and the richest of the rich. 

All you need to do is look at the policies implemented by Hugo Chavez after he stole the election in Venezuela. In the 1980's, it was the most advanced, productive country in South America. Within a few years of power, Chavez's policies turned it into a basket case. Everything Chavez did in Venezuela, Joe Biden and Kamala Harris promise, and then some, for the citizens in the United States. The first thing Chavez did was increase the number of judges on the High Court so his changes were constitutional. From there, everything went down hill for the citizens.

Mind you, if we do not stop the theft of this election, everything you ever hoped for and dreamed of will vanish. Don't complain though, because your right to seek redress from the government will have vanished. As we all know, they are even in the process of stealing US Senate seats. Once they do, like Chavez, Biden and the Democrats will increase the number of SC Justices from 9 to 12. Thus they will have a seven to five majority rule. Then you can kiss your constitutional rights goodbye. Just as it happened in Venezuela.

Along with increasing the number of Judges on the SC, Biden and the Democrats will also create two new states out of Washington DC, and Puerto Rico. This would increase their number of Senators by four. Say good by to ever seeing another pro-life, pro-2nd Amendment, God fearing, Constitutionalist judge appointed to the US Supreme Court. Not to mention the thousands of activist Judges they would appoint to the lower courts system. America, as we know it today, will cease to exist.

Gone will be your 1st Amendment right to express your opinions, because when you say anything they dislike, it will be considered hate speech. just look at how they have already done so on College campuses, and Social Media.

Gone will be your Religious freedom, to assemble. Don't believe me? All they need to do is claim another pandemic and shut us down. Look what Democrat Governors have done to the right to religious assembly in their States. Oh, and be ready for the US Supreme Court to rule that many things in the Bible are hate speech. Christ's people will be persecuted. Pastors around the country will be locked up for violating hate speech laws if they fail to pay the exuberant fines. Which in turn will wipe out their financial ability to even stay open.

Gone will be your 2nd Amendment right to own weapons. Once the High Court removes your right to bear arms, they will confiscate all weapons. Those who fail to comply will be arrested, or shot for resisting. You know the Democrats have had an eye on the 2nd Amendment for years. Well, they win, we lose. Simple, no more needs to be said on it.

Gone will be any border security. The Wall Trump has been building? It will come down, and what doors there are, will be opened for anyone who so desires to come in. Oh, and we will pay for everything the illegals coming in need for survival. This mass migration will decimate our ability to ever vote Democrats out of office. Can you say California? What you witnessed in this election, will be the norm. Every individual in the US will recieve a ballot to vote regardless of who they are. Game OVER for fair elections.

The Green New Deal (GND) will be implemented. Even if they cannot get enough Democrats to go along, they will just do a presidential executive order and with the High Court stacked, they will make the GND the law of the land by Judicial decision. The GND will cost over 100 trillion dollars. It would devestate the economy and plunge the country into a depression that will make the Great depression seem like Utopia. Hear are some things that will happen.
  • The elimination of all fossil fuel and nuclear energy production. This alone will wipe out 90% of a energy needed to run the country. Another nail in America's coffin.

  • Eliminate 99 percent of cars. Well, after they eliminate all fossil fuel production you won't have anything to run those cars on anyway. It will also eliminate planes, transportation trucks, Ships, Boats,

  • GND calls for the destruction of every building in the United States, and then rebuild new more envoronmemntally friendly ones. I repeat, “every building in America.” That includes every home, factory, and apartment building must be torn down and rebuilt. Another Game ending idea.

  • Replace air travel with public rail transportation. Good luck On this one Hawaii.

  • A government-guaranteed job for everyone with full benefits. What jobs? All factories will be eliminated by the destruction of fossil fuels. That worked real well for the Soviet Union didn't it? In China, they just create viruses to kill off huge populations to they can be assured people have jobs.

  • Free education for life. No, free forced indoctrination for life.

  • Free money. Just think on this one for a moment. Nothing needs to be added.

  • GND will ban the production and consumption of all meat. Better keep an eye on your pet. Your neighbors are going to be hungry. Pets in Argentina are no where to be found. because they already ate them.

  • The GND promises that the government will provide housing for everyone. Remember, they are going to tear down the house you now own and live in, so you will be forced into Government housing that is built to their environmental standards. Does anyone remember Cabrini Green?


If you are unaware of what Cabrini Green was, check out this video
It will enlighten you about the true results of Socialist compassion.
Something the Green New Deal will force upon citizens across America.




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Misc Human Interest Articles



Ben Underwood
The Eyeless Boy Who Could See
As Good As If He Had Eyes
(Video at Link)


Video Proof, That Females
Talk More Than Males


Letting Go of Life

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Ben Underwood 


I wrote this in early 2011, but I decided to update it by adding a few paragraphs, and
I changed some dates that are more relevant to today. I wanted to share it again with
everyone, because what Ben accomplished in his short time in this World should never
ever be forgotten. Anyone who struggles with problems in this World, know what Ben
Underwood was against. Yet Ben never complained, and never acted like he was different.
Instead he uplifted everyones around him with his ability to refuse to be a victim.


Ben Underwood, The Eyeless Boy Who Could
See As Good As If He Had Eyes (Video @ link)



by Chuck Ness
January 27, 2011

Hosted by imgur.com

This is a story of a boy who lost his eyes to cancer at the young age of three, but you would never have known it if you had seen him riding his bike.

Ben Underwood was just a few weeks shy of his third birthday when his eyes were surgically removed because of retinal cancer. With his Mother pushing him to use the senses he still had in order to get around, Ben began learning to live like most blind individuals, but only until he started doing things that only sighted people can do.

As he got older, Ben began riding bicycles, electric scooters, roller-blades, and he even had a yellow belt in Karate. If his brothers or sisters were doing something, then like all young children, he wanted to try it too. Those who knew Ben, knew that he never shied away from trying something new, not even video games or foosball.

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One day his mother took him to see a doctor, and while he was waiting, he played with his Game Boy. When the doctor walked in and saw Ben, he looked at his chart and walked back over to look at his eyes. The doctor looked down to see if he was really playing the game and exclaimed to his mother, "His eyes are nucleated." Ben's mother replied, "Oh yes, he's blind." The doctor asked, "How the heck does he play video games?" That is how it was discovered that Ben uses echolocation as dolphins and bats do to see the his world.

 Hosted by imgur.comHuman echolocation involves creating an environmental image by hearing echoes bouncing off objects like sonar. It is quite similar to the kind of echolocation employed by bats, dolphins, and even a dog I wrote an article about had the ability.

Human echolocation has been studied since 1950's but is still not completely understood. The legendary blind singer, Ray Charles, was said to use a variation of the technique by wearing hard-bottomed shoes. The change in sounds made by floors made from different materials would alert him when he passed through doorways or entered different rooms. However, very few people have ever mastered human echolocation to a seemingly superhuman level like Ben Underwood did.

When ever you feel as if the World has dealt you a bad deal, remember Ben, because from the time he was 3 he was dealt a bad hand by life. Yet he had something much better than what the World had to offer him. He had Christ, and with this knowledge in his heart he never knew the word "CAN"T". He never stopped attempting to do that which the World told hin he could not do. He could have been bitter and angry, but he made the best of what he was given in life. That attitude led him to accomplish more than 90% of hjealtyhy humans have accomplished. Did you learn Karate? Well, he won a yellow belt.

The Israelite's King, and even his older brothers told a young teen boy that no one could stop the Phillistine giant defying GOD's people. Yet David had a bigger GOD, and his faith allowed him to remove the head of the Phillistine giant, Goliath. The world told a 17 year old that her life was over, because during a diving accident she became a qudraplegic. Yet 52 years later she is an evangelical Christian author, radio host, and founder of a Christian disibility organization that helps dissabled humans the World over, Joni and Friends”. I could list hundreds, no thousands, of humans throughout the history who defide the lies of the World. Lies that tell us we can never become anything more than a pathetic loser of lifes lottery. 

It's easy to stop trying, by blaming the World for your failures. I challenge anyone who is struggling in anything you are struggling with, to try and put your faith in Christ. I promise that if you truly, in your heart, trust in Christ you will move that mountain that is now blocking you from accomplishing that which you desire to do. Like Ben Underwood, Joni Eareckson Tada, or tens of thousands of humans throughout history. You too, can defy the the lies of the World and move that mountain that's in your way (Matt 17:20)
 
 Well, Sad to say, Ben passed away almost 12 years ago on January 19, 2009. The cancer that took his eyes returned and eventually spread to his brain and spine. Ben was raised to believe in Christ, and it is because of that belief that today he is with the Lord. He may only have lived 16 years in the world, but he now has an eternity to see the things that God would like us all to see. You can read more about Ben Underwood in a book written about him at Amazon titled, "Echoes of an Angel".



YouTube Video of Ben Underwood

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Video Proof Females Talk More Than Males


 by Chuck Ness

Ever here the joke about the husband who was looking through the paper when he came upon a study that said women use more words than men?

There was a married man who read in a magazine that, "Men use about 7000 words per day, but women use 20,000". Excited to prove to his wife that he had been right all along when he accused her of talking too much, he showed her the study results. The wife thought for a while, then finally she said to her husband,

"It’s because men never listen so we have to repeat everything we say twice"

Anyway I want to bring your attention the evidence I found that ends all debate upon which gender uses more words. This study proves that women not only use more words than men do, but that they were also born using more words than men. Unfortunately for men however, it also proves that fathers train their daughters from an early age to accept the fact that us men will shine you ladies on regardless of what you say.

Click image below to see video to see if you agree with
me that women are born using more words than men.




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(Hershee)

Letting Go of Life


by Chuck Ness

When I took our dog Hershee to the vet today for her yearly checkup and shots, there was a gentleman who brought his old dog in to be put to sleep. As I watched him carry his old dog to the room where the veterinarian would do his job I looked down at Hershee and wondered how I would handle the task of taking her on that one way journey. I realized then how hard it is for some of us to let go of life.

There are myriads of reasons why people may get a dog and anyone who has ever owned one has their own unique story of how they ended up with theirs. In today's society we have gotten so attached to our dogs that they have literally become members of the family. Back in the very early days of civilization we used our dogs primarily for hunting and protection, we loved our dogs, but we never quite made them a part of the family. 

Somewhere along the line, we invited them into the big house, and so they had no need for their small shelter in the back yard. Our children started growing up with them licking their dirty faces clean and feeding their unwanted meal to them under the table at dinner time. We even started projecting human personality traits upon them that made them unique and special in our hearts. 

In today's modern society, for those of us who do not hunt, we usually get dogs because our children want one or we think they need one. We are convinced that every child needs a dog to love, to take care of, and to learn how to depart with when the time comes. We tell ourselves that it helps a child to mature and learn responsibilities. So we tell them they must take care of them, but in reality it was our dog from start to finish. Oh, the children do grow up with it and each child would spend a certain amount of time claiming it as theirs. However, every parent eventually learns the same lesson, and that is that they are the ones who will end up caring for the dog. 

Eventually the children grow up and find other interests and our biggest reminder of the pitter patter of small feet running down the hallway, is the old dog that used to chase after those little feet. We begin to realize that the old dog is truly the best friend we've had through the last 10 years or so. With the children gone or at least seldom home anymore, we catch ourselves feeding the dog under the table at dinner as we silently laugh at the times we chastised the kids for doing the same thing. After all, who could look at those deep brown eyes, smiling face, wet snout and not be moved to give them a bite.

Then one day we hear our dog whining or barking for us to give them a boost up onto the couch or their favorite chair, because their hips are too weak to lunge their withering body off the floor as they used to. We tell ourselves their time is short and that God will soon snuff their candle out. Their peep hole into this world gets dimmer and dimmer as their eyes get cloudier and cloudier by the month. We know what we must do, but our hearts cannot find the compassion we need to take them on that one way journey. 

Then we wake up one morning and we find our best friend laying still next to their favorite chair, almost as if they tried one last time to lunge their feeble body up onto it. We find a blanket, or maybe take the one that protected the chair from their dirt all those years, and gently wrap them in it as our eyes water from the pain we feel.

 We know where we will lay them, if only letting them go was as easy as it was to pick their eternal spot where they will forever rest. looking up to God and thank Him for lending us the life that we so dearly did not want to let go of. 

For the first couple of weeks we spend a little extra time looking over to the spot we buried them at, or at least thinking about the choice spot we buried them at. Eventually the hurt becomes easier to deal with, and we actually ponder whether or not we will get another. Some do, while others could not fathom ever replacing such a friend with another. In time the memories are all we have left, and we may look at the pictures we took through the years but they really never do justice to the memories of the friend who's life we did not want to let go off.

It was these thoughts that went through my head as I pondered the day I would have to part with a dear friend and family member. Hershee is 13 now and if she lives another 3 years it would be a blessing from God. I remember when I was a young boy back in Duluth Minnesota. We had a dog named Blondy who got hit by a truck and died at the ripe old age of 10. For years I could see the pole with the bird house on top that stood as a grave marker for a childhood dog. 

In the 1970's they bulldozed the house, the land, and the marker to make room for the new Freeway. If I try, I think I could still remember the exact spot where Blondy is now part if I-35. I haven't been back to Duluth since 1984, but I'm sure I could remember the spot as I drive over it on the freeway.  

The thing that I remember the most about the we buried her, was the tears in my dad's eye as he shoveled the dirt over the hole Blondy was laid in. He said the sun was bright and made his eyes water, but I knew he was just trying to put on a strong front for us kids. After all, it was his friend who's life he had to let go of.

It has been many years since that day Blondy was buried, but I remember it like it was yesterday. We will always have good, bad, and sad memories of them. It's those cherished memories that will live forever in our hearts.

Since I wrote this in 2009, my dog has had one major stroke and a few small ones. She has recovered somewhat, but she is just not the same. She will wonder off into the back field where I must hunt her down to physically get her attention. She gets up all hours of the night wanting to go outside. Oh, not to pee, just to go outside. She barks at the slightest sounds that she used to ignore, and when I come home from work she is not nearly as excited to see me as she used to be, or she just doesn’t have the energy to show her excitement anymore. 

I don’t know if I will have to take her on that one way ride to the vet or wake up one day and find her gone. What I do know, is her time in this world is short, and I will cherish every day the Lord allows us to have our friend around. Knowing that one day she will take that journey over the Rainbow Bridge.

Hershee had to be put down on December 27, 2013. Her kidneys had
shutdown 2 days after Christmas Day. At 4:00 am on 12-27-13 we
ended her pain and suffering at the ripe old age of 18 years and 14 days
we buried her next to our patio, and planted a garden in her honor


Good bye sweet friend, you will always be in our hearts


We buried her next to our back patio, and planted a garden in her honor
Hershee Ness
12/18/1995 - 12/27/2013



Hershee's Garden

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Proverb 1 (NKJV)

The Beginning of Knowledge
01 The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel:

02 To know wisdom and instruction,
00To perceive the words of understanding,
03 To receive the instruction of wisdom,
00 Justice, judgment, and equity;
04 To give prudence to the simple,
00 To the young man knowledge and discretion--
05 A wise man will hear and increase learning,
00 And a man of understanding will attain wise counsel,
06 To understand a proverb and an enigma,
00 The words of the wise and their riddles.

07 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge,
00 But fools despise wisdom and instruction.

Shun Evil Counsel

08 My son, hear the instruction of your father,
00 And do not forsake the law of your mother;
09 For they will be a graceful ornament on your head,
00 And chains about your neck.

10 My son, if sinners entice you,
00 Do not consent.
11 If they say, "Come with us,
00 Let us lie in wait to shed blood;
00 Let us lurk secretly for the innocent without cause;
12 Let us swallow them alive like Sheol,
00 And whole, like those who go down to the Pit;
13 We shall find all kinds of precious possessions,
00 We shall fill our houses with spoil;
14 Cast in your lot among us,
00 Let us all have one purse"--
15 My son, do not walk in the way with them,
00 Keep your foot from their path;
16 For their feet run to evil,
00 And they make haste to shed blood.
17 Surely, in vain the net is spread
00 In the sight of any bird;
18 But they lie in wait for their own blood,
00 They lurk secretly for their own lives.
19 So are the ways of everyone who is greedy for gain;
00 It takes away the life of its owners.

The Call of Wisdom

20 Wisdom calls aloud outside;
00 She raises her voice in the open squares.
21 She cries out in the chief concourses,
00 At the openings of the gates in the city
00 She speaks her words:
22 "How long, you simple ones, will you love simplicity?
00 For scorners delight in their scorning,
00 And fools hate knowledge.
23 Turn at my rebuke;
00 Surely I will pour out my spirit on you;
00 I will make my words known to you.
24 Because I have called and you refused,
00 I have stretched out my hand and no one regarded,
25 Because you disdained all my counsel,
00 And would have none of my rebuke,
26 I also will laugh at your calamity;
00 I will mock when your terror comes,
27 When your terror comes like a storm,
00 And your destruction comes like a whirlwind,
00 When distress and anguish come upon you.

28 "Then they will call on me, but I will not answer;
00 They will seek me diligently, but they will not find me.
29 Because they hated knowledge
00 And did not choose the fear of the LORD,
30 They would have none of my counsel
00 And despised my every rebuke.
31 Therefore they shall eat the fruit of their own way,
00 And be filled to the full with their own fancies.
32 For the turning away of the simple will slay them,
00 And the complacency of fools will destroy them;
33 But whoever listens to me will dwell safely,
00 And will be secure, without fear of evil."


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Proverb 2 (NKJV)

The Value of Wisdom

01 My son, if you receive my words,
00 And treasure my commands within you,
02 So that you incline your ear to wisdom,
00 And apply your heart to understanding;
03 Yes, if you cry out for discernment,
00 And lift up your voice for understanding,
04 If you seek her as silver,
00 And search for her as for hidden treasures;
05 Then you will understand the fear of the LORD,
00 And find the knowledge of God.
06 For the LORD gives wisdom;
00 From His mouth come knowledge and understanding;
07 He stores up sound wisdom for the upright;
00 He is a shield to those who walk uprightly;
08 He guards the paths of justice,
00 And preserves the way of His saints.
09 Then you will understand righteousness and justice,
00 Equity and every good path.

10 When wisdom enters your heart,
00 And knowledge is pleasant to your soul,
11 Discretion will preserve you;
00 Understanding will keep you,
12 To deliver you from the way of evil,
00 From the man who speaks perverse things,
13 From those who leave the paths of uprightness
00 To walk in the ways of darkness;
14 Who rejoice in doing evil,
00 And delight in the perversity of the wicked;
15 Whose ways are crooked,
00 And who are devious in their paths;
16 To deliver you from the immoral woman,
00 From the seductress who flatters with her words,
17 Who forsakes the companion of her youth,
00 And forgets the covenant of her God.
18 For her house leads down to death,
00 And her paths to the dead;
19 None who go to her return,
00 Nor do they regain the paths of life--
20 So you may walk in the way of goodness,
00 And keep to the paths of righteousness.
21 For the upright will dwell in the land,
00 And the blameless will remain in it;
22 But the wicked will be cut off from the earth,
00 And the unfaithful will be uprooted from it.

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Proverb 3 (NKJV)

Guidance for the Young

01 My son, do not forget my law,
00 But let your heart keep my commands;
02 For length of days and long life
00 And peace they will add to you.

03 Let not mercy and truth forsake you;
00 Bind them around your neck,
00 Write them on the tablet of your heart,
04 And so find favor and high esteem
00 In the sight of God and man.

05 Trust in the LORD with all your heart,
00 And lean not on your own understanding;
06 In all your ways acknowledge Him,
00 And He shall direct your paths.

07 Do not be wise in your own eyes;
00 Fear the LORD and depart from evil.
08 It will be health to your flesh,
00 And strength to your bones.

09 Honor the LORD with your possessions,
00 And with the firstfruits of all your increase;
10 So your barns will be filled with plenty,
00 And your vats will overflow with new wine.

11 My son, do not despise the chastening of the LORD,
00 Nor detest His correction;
12 For whom the LORD loves He corrects,
00 Just as a father the son in whom he delights.

13 Happy is the man who finds wisdom,
00 And the man who gains understanding;
14 For her proceeds are better than the profits of silver,
00 And her gain than fine gold.
15 She is more precious than rubies,
00 And all the things you may desire cannot compare with her.
16 Length of days is in her right hand,
00 In her left hand riches and honor.
17 Her ways are ways of pleasantness,
00 And all her paths are peace.
18 She is a tree of life to those who take hold of her,
00 And happy are all who retain her.

19 The LORD by wisdom founded the earth;
00 By understanding He established the heavens;
20 By His knowledge the depths were broken up,
00 And clouds drop down the dew.

21 My son, let them not depart from your eyes--
00 Keep sound wisdom and discretion;
22 So they will be life to your soul
00 And grace to your neck.
23 Then you will walk safely in your way,
00 And your foot will not stumble.
24 When you lie down, you will not be afraid;
00 Yes, you will lie down and your sleep will be sweet.
25 Do not be afraid of sudden terror,
00 Nor of trouble from the wicked when it comes;
26 For the LORD will be your confidence,
00 And will keep your foot from being caught.

27 Do not withhold good from those to whom it is due,
00 When it is in the power of your hand to do so.
28 Do not say to your neighbor,
00 "Go, and come back,
00 And tomorrow I will give it,"
00 When you have it with you.
29 Do not devise evil against your neighbor,
00 For he dwells by you for safety's sake.
30 Do not strive with a man without cause,
00 If he has done you no harm.

31 Do not envy the oppressor,
00 And choose none of his ways;
32 For the perverse person is an abomination to the LORD,
00 But His secret counsel is with the upright.
33 The curse of the LORD is on the house of the wicked,
00 But He blesses the home of the just.
34 Surely He scorns the scornful,
00 But gives grace to the humble.
35 The wise shall inherit glory,
00 But shame shall be the legacy of fools.

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Proverb 4 (NKJV)

Security in Wisdom

01 Hear, my children, the instruction of a father,
00 And give attention to know understanding;
02 For I give you good doctrine:
00 Do not forsake my law.
03 When I was my father's son,
00 Tender and the only one in the sight of my mother,
04 He also taught me, and said to me:
00 "Let your heart retain my words;
00 Keep my commands, and live.
05 Get wisdom! Get understanding!
00 Do not forget, nor turn away from the words of my mouth.
06 Do not forsake her, and she will preserve you;
00 Love her, and she will keep you.
07 Wisdom is the principal thing;
00 Therefore get wisdom.
00 And in all your getting, get understanding.
08 Exalt her, and she will promote you;
00 She will bring you honor, when you embrace her.
09 She will place on your head an ornament of grace;
00 A crown of glory she will deliver to you."

10 Hear, my son, and receive my sayings,
00 And the years of your life will be many.
11 I have taught you in the way of wisdom;
00 I have led you in right paths.
12 When you walk, your steps will not be hindered,
00 And when you run, you will not stumble.
13 Take firm hold of instruction, do not let go;
00 Keep her, for she is your life.

14 Do not enter the path of the wicked,
00 And do not walk in the way of evil.
15 Avoid it, do not travel on it;
00 Turn away from it and pass on.
16 For they do not sleep unless they have done evil;
00 And their sleep is taken away unless they make someone fall.
17 For they eat the bread of wickedness,
00 And drink the wine of violence.

18 But the path of the just is like the shining sun,
00 That shines ever brighter unto the perfect day.
19 The way of the wicked is like darkness;
00 They do not know what makes them stumble.

20 My son, give attention to my words;
00 Incline your ear to my sayings.
21 Do not let them depart from your eyes;
00 Keep them in the midst of your heart;
22 For they are life to those who find them,
00 And health to all their flesh.
23 Keep your heart with all diligence,
00 For out of it spring the issues of life.
24 Put away from you a deceitful mouth,
00 And put perverse lips far from you.
25 Let your eyes look straight ahead,
00 And your eyelids look right before you.
26 Ponder the path of your feet,
00 And let all your ways be established.
27 Do not turn to the right or the left;
00 Remove your foot from evil.

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Proverb 5 (NKJV)

The Peril of Adultery

Warning Against Immorality

01 My son, pay attention to my wisdom;
00 Lend your ear to my understanding,
02 That you may preserve discretion,
00 And your lips may keep knowledge.
03 For the lips of an immoral woman drip honey,
00 And her mouth is smoother than oil;
04 But in the end she is bitter as wormwood,
00 Sharp as a two-edged sword.
05 Her feet go down to death,
00 Her steps lay hold of hell.
06 Lest you ponder her path of life--
00 Her ways are unstable;
00 You do not know them.

07 Therefore hear me now, my children,
00 And do not depart from the words of my mouth.
08 Remove your way far from her,
00 And do not go near the door of her house,
09 Lest you give your honor to others,
00 And your years to the cruel one;
10 Lest aliens be filled with your wealth,
00 And your labors go to the house of a foreigner;
11 And you mourn at last,
00 When your flesh and your body are consumed,
12 And say:
00 "How I have hated instruction,
00 And my heart despised correction!
13 I have not obeyed the voice of my teachers,
00 Nor inclined my ear to those who instructed me!
14 I was on the verge of total ruin,
00 In the midst of the assembly and congregation."

15 Drink water from your own cistern,
00 And running water from your own well.
16 Should your fountains be dispersed abroad,
00 Streams of water in the streets?
17 Let them be only your own,
00 And not for strangers with you.
18 Let your fountain be blessed,
00 And rejoice with the wife of your youth.
19 As a loving deer and a graceful doe,
00 Let her breasts satisfy you at all times;
00 And always be enraptured with her love.
20 For why should you, my son, be enraptured by an immoral woman,
00 And be embraced in the arms of a seductress?

21 For the ways of man are before the eyes of the LORD,
00 And He ponders all his paths.
22 His own iniquities entrap the wicked man,
00 And he is caught in the cords of his sin.
23 He shall die for lack of instruction,
00 And in the greatness of his folly he shall go astray.

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Proverb 6 (NKJV)

Dangerous Promises

Seven Deadly Sins

01 My son, if you become surety for your friend,
00 If you have shaken hands in pledge for a stranger,
02 You are snared by the words of your mouth;
00 You are taken by the words of your mouth.
03 So do this, my son, and deliver yourself;
00 For you have come into the hand of your friend:
00 Go and humble yourself;
00 Plead with your friend.
04 Give no sleep to your eyes,
00 Nor slumber to your eyelids.
05 Deliver yourself like a gazelle from the hand of the hunter,
00 And like a bird from the hand of the fowler.

The Folly of Indolence

06 Go to the ant, you sluggard!
00 Consider her ways and be wise,
07 Which, having no captain,
00 Overseer or ruler,
08 Provides her supplies in the summer,
00 And gathers her food in the harvest.
09 How long will you slumber, O sluggard?
00 When will you rise from your sleep?
10 A little sleep, a little slumber,
00 A little folding of the hands to sleep--
11 So shall your poverty come on you like a prowler,
00 And your need like an armed man.

The Wicked Man

12 A worthless person, a wicked man,
00 Walks with a perverse mouth;
13 He winks with his eyes,
00 He shuffles his feet,
00 He points with his fingers;
14 Perversity is in his heart,
00 He devises evil continually,
00 He sows discord.
15 Therefore his calamity shall come suddenly;
00 Suddenly he shall be broken without remedy.

16 These six things the LORD hates,
00 Yes, seven are an abomination to Him:
17 A proud look,
00 A lying tongue,
00 Hands that shed innocent blood,
18 A heart that devises wicked plans,
00 Feet that are swift in running to evil,
19 A false witness who speaks lies,
00 And one who sows discord among brethren.

Beware of Adultery

20 My son, keep your father's command,
00 And do not forsake the law of your mother.
21 Bind them continually upon your heart;
00 Tie them around your neck.
22 When you roam, they will lead you;
00 When you sleep, they will keep you;
00 And when you awake, they will speak with you.
23 For the commandment is a lamp,
00 And the law a light;
00 Reproofs of instruction are the way of life,
24 To keep you from the evil woman,
00 From the flattering tongue of a seductress.
25 Do not lust after her beauty in your heart,
00 Nor let her allure you with her eyelids.
26 For by means of a harlot
00 A man is reduced to a crust of bread;
00 And an adulteress will prey upon his precious life.
27 Can a man take fire to his bosom,
00 And his clothes not be burned?
28 Can one walk on hot coals,
00 And his feet not be seared?
29 So is he who goes in to his neighbor's wife;
00 Whoever touches her shall not be innocent.

30 People do not despise a thief
00 If he steals to satisfy himself when he is starving.
31 Yet when he is found, he must restore sevenfold;
00 He may have to give up all the substance of his house.
32 Whoever commits adultery with a woman lacks understanding;
00 He who does so destroys his own soul.
33 Wounds and dishonor he will get,
00 And his reproach will not be wiped away.
34 For jealousy is a husband's fury;
00 Therefore he will not spare in the day of vengeance.
35 He will accept no recompense,
00 Nor will he be appeased though you give many gifts.

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Proverb 7 (NKJV)

The Wiles of a Harlot

01 My son, keep my words,
00 And treasure my commands within you.
02 Keep my commands and live,
00 And my law as the apple of your eye.
03 Bind them on your fingers;
00 Write them on the tablet of your heart.
04 Say to wisdom, "You are my sister,";
00 And call understanding your nearest kin,
05 That they may keep you from the immoral woman,
00 From the seductress who flatters with her words.

The Crafty Harlot

06 For at the window of my house
00 I looked through my lattice,
07 And saw among the simple,
00 I perceived among the youths,
00 A young man devoid of understanding,
08 Passing along the street near her corner;
00 And he took the path to her house
09 In the twilight, in the evening,
00 In the black and dark night.

10 And there a woman met him,
00 With the attire of a harlot, and a crafty heart.
11 She was loud and rebellious,
00 Her feet would not stay at home.
12 At times she was outside, at times in the open square,
00 Lurking at every corner.
13 So she caught him and kissed him;
00 With an impudent face she said to him:
14 "I have peace offerings with me;
00 Today I have paid my vows.
15 So I came out to meet you,
00 Diligently to seek your face,
00 And I have found you.
16 I have spread my bed with tapestry,
00 Colored coverings of Egyptian linen.
17 I have perfumed my bed
00 With myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.
18 Come, let us take our fill of love until morning;
00 Let us delight ourselves with love.
19 For my husband is not at home;
00 He has gone on a long journey;
20 He has taken a bag of money with him,
00 And will come home on the appointed day.";

21 With her enticing speech she caused him to yield,
00 With her flattering lips she seduced him.
22 Immediately he went after her, as an ox goes to the slaughter,
00 Or as a fool to the correction of the stocks,
23 Till an arrow struck his liver.
00 As a bird hastens to the snare,
00 He did not know it would cost his life.

24 Now therefore, listen to me, my children;
00 Pay attention to the words of my mouth:
25 Do not let your heart turn aside to her ways,
00 Do not stray into her paths;
26 For she has cast down many wounded,
00 And all who were slain by her were strong men.
27 Her house is the way to hell,
00 Descending to the chambers of death.

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Proverb 8 (NKJV)

The Excellence of Wisdom

Wisdom Is Everlasting
01 Does not wisdom cry out,
00 And understanding lift up her voice?
02 She takes her stand on the top of the high hill,
00 Beside the way, where the paths meet.
03 She cries out by the gates, at the entry of the city,
00 At the entrance of the doors:
04 "To you, O men, I call,
00 And my voice is to the sons of men.
05 O you simple ones, understand prudence,
00 And you fools, be of an understanding heart.
06 Listen, for I will speak of excellent things,
00 And from the opening of my lips will come right things;
07 For my mouth will speak truth;
00 Wickedness is an abomination to my lips.
08 All the words of my mouth are with righteousness;
00 Nothing crooked or perverse is in them.
09 They are all plain to him who understands,
00 And right to those who find knowledge.
10 Receive my instruction, and not silver,
00 And knowledge rather than choice gold;
11 For wisdom is better than rubies,
00 And all the things one may desire cannot be compared with her.

12 "I, wisdom, dwell with prudence,
00 And find out knowledge and discretion.
13 The fear of the LORD is to hate evil;
00 Pride and arrogance and the evil way
00 And the perverse mouth I hate.
14 Counsel is mine, and sound wisdom;
00 I am understanding, I have strength.
15 By me kings reign,
00 And rulers decree justice.
16 By me princes rule, and nobles,
00 All the judges of the earth.
17 I love those who love me,
00 And those who seek me diligently will find me.
18 Riches and honor are with me,
00 Enduring riches and righteousness.
19 My fruit is better than gold, yes, than fine gold,
00 And my revenue than choice silver.
20 I traverse the way of righteousness,
00 In the midst of the paths of justice,
21 That I may cause those who love me to inherit wealth,
00 That I may fill their treasuries.

22 "The LORD possessed me at the beginning of His way,
00 Before His works of old.
23 I have been established from everlasting,
00 From the beginning, before there was ever an earth.
24 When there were no depths I was brought forth,
00 When there were no fountains abounding with water.
25 Before the mountains were settled,
00 Before the hills, I was brought forth;
26 While as yet He had not made the earth or the fields,
00 Or the primal dust of the world.
27 When He prepared the heavens, I was there,
00 When He drew a circle on the face of the deep,
28 When He established the clouds above,
00 When He strengthened the fountains of the deep,
29 When He assigned to the sea its limit,
00 So that the waters would not transgress His command,
00 When He marked out the foundations of the earth,
30 Then I was beside Him as a master craftsman;
00 And I was daily His delight,
00 Rejoicing always before Him,
31 Rejoicing in His inhabited world,
00 And my delight was with the sons of men.

32 "Now therefore, listen to me, my children,
00 For blessed are those who keep my ways.
33 Hear instruction and be wise,
00 And do not disdain it.
34 Blessed is the man who listens to me,
00 Watching daily at my gates,
00 Waiting at the posts of my doors.
35 For whoever finds me finds life,
00 And obtains favor from the LORD;
36 But he who sins against me wrongs his own soul;
00 All those who hate me love death."

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Proverb 9 (NKJV)
The Way of Wisdom

Wisdom's Invitation
01 Wisdom has built her house,
00 She has hewn out her seven pillars;
02 She has slaughtered her meat,
00 She has mixed her wine,
00 She has also furnished her table.
03 She has sent out her maidens,
00 She cries out from the highest places of the city,
04 "Whoever is simple, let him turn in here!"
00 As for him who lacks understanding, she says to him,
05 "Come, eat of my bread
00 And drink of the wine I have mixed.
06 Forsake foolishness and live,
00 And go in the way of understanding.

07 "He who corrects a scoffer gets shame for himself,
00 And he who rebukes a wicked man only harms himself.
08 Do not correct a scoffer, lest he hate you;
00 Rebuke a wise man, and he will love you.
09 Give instruction to a wise man, and he will be still wiser;
00 Teach a just man, and he will increase in learning.

10 "The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom,
00 And the knowledge of the Holy One is understanding.
11 For by me your days will be multiplied,
00 And years of life will be added to you.
12 If you are wise, you are wise for yourself,
00 And if you scoff, you will bear it alone."

The Way of Folly
13 A foolish woman is clamorous;
00 She is simple, and knows nothing.
14 For she sits at the door of her house,
00 On a seat by the highest places of the city,
15 To call to those who pass by,
00 Who go straight on their way:
16 "Whoever is simple, let him turn in here";
00 And as for him who lacks understanding, she says to him,
17 "Stolen water is sweet,
00 And bread eaten in secret is pleasant."
18 But he does not know that the dead are there,
00 That her guests are in the depths of hell.

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Proverb 10 (NKJV)

A Wise Son and a Foolish Son
01 The proverbs of Solomon:

00 A wise son makes a glad father,
00 But a foolish son is the grief of his mother.

02 Treasures of wickedness profit nothing
00 But righteousness delivers from death.
03 The LORD will not allow the righteous soul to famish,
00 But He casts away the desire of the wicked.

04 He who has a slack hand becomes poor,
00 But the hand of the diligent makes rich.
05 He who gathers in summer is a wise son;
00 He who sleeps in harvest is a son who causes shame.

06 Blessings are on the head of the righteous
00 But violence covers the mouth of the wicked.
07 The memory of the righteous is blessed,
00 But the name of the wicked will rot.

08 The wise in heart will receive commands,
00 But a prating fool will fall.

09 He who walks with integrity walks securely,
00 But he who perverts his ways will become known.

10 He who winks with the eye causes trouble,
00 But a prating fool will fall.

11 The mouth of the righteous is a well of life,
00 But violence covers the mouth of the wicked.

12 Hatred stirs up strife,
00 But love covers all sins.

13 Wisdom is found on the lips of him who has understanding,
00 But a rod is for the back of him who is devoid of understanding.

14 Wise people store up knowledge,
00 But the mouth of the foolish is near destruction.

15 The rich man's wealth is his strong city;
00 The destruction of the poor is their poverty.

16 The labor of the righteous leads to life,
00 The wages of the wicked to sin.

17 He who keeps instruction is in the way of life,
00 But he who refuses correction goes astray.

18 Whoever hides hatred has lying lips,
00 And whoever spreads slander is a fool.

19 In the multitude of words sin is not lacking,
00 But he who restrains his lips is wise.
20 The tongue of the righteous is choice silver;
00 The heart of the wicked is worth little.
21 The lips of the righteous feed many,
00 But fools die for lack of wisdom.

22 The blessing of the LORD makes one rich,
00 And He adds no sorrow with it.

23 To do evil is like sport to a fool,
00 But a man of understanding has wisdom.
24 The fear of the wicked will come upon him,
00 And the desire of the righteous will be granted.
25 When the whirlwind passes by, the wicked is no more,
00 But the righteous has an everlasting foundation.

26 As vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes,
00 So is the lazy man to those who send him.

27 The fear of the LORD prolongs days,
00 But the years of the wicked will be shortened.
28 The hope of the righteous will be gladness,
00 But the expectation of the wicked will perish.
29 The way of the LORD is strength for the upright,
00 But destruction will come to the workers of iniquity.

30 The righteous will never be removed,
00 But the wicked will not inhabit the earth.
31 The mouth of the righteous brings forth wisdom,
00 But the perverse tongue will be cut out.
32 The lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,
00 But the mouth of the wicked what is perverse.

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Proverb 11 (NKJV)

The Folly of Wickedness
01 Dishonest scales are an abomination to the LORD,
00 But a just weight is His delight.

02 When pride comes, then comes shame;
00 But with the humble is wisdom.

03 The integrity of the upright will guide them,
00 But the perversity of the unfaithful will destroy them.
04 Riches do not profit in the day of wrath,
00 But righteousness delivers from death.
05 The righteousness of the blameless will direct his way aright,
00 But the wicked will fall by his own wickedness.
06 The righteousness of the upright will deliver them,
00 But the unfaithful will be caught by their lust.

07 When a wicked man dies, his expectation will perish,
00 And the hope of the unjust perishes.
08 The righteous is delivered from trouble,
00 And it comes to the wicked instead.
09 The hypocrite with his mouth destroys his neighbor,
00 But through knowledge the righteous will be delivered.
10 When it goes well with the righteous, the city rejoices;
00 And when the wicked perish, there is jubilation.
11 By the blessing of the upright the city is exalted,
00 But it is overthrown by the mouth of the wicked.

12 He who is devoid of wisdom despises his neighbor,
00 But a man of understanding holds his peace.

13 A talebearer reveals secrets,
00 But he who is of a faithful spirit conceals a matter.

14 Where there is no counsel, the people fall;
00 But in the multitude of counselors there is safety.

15 He who is surety for a stranger will suffer,
00 But one who hates being surety is secure.

16 A gracious woman retains honor,
00 But ruthless men retain riches.
17 The merciful man does good for his own soul,
00 But he who is cruel troubles his own flesh.
18 The wicked man does deceptive work,
00 But he who sows righteousness will have a sure reward.
19 As righteousness leads to life,
00 So he who pursues evil pursues it to his own death.
20 Those who are of a perverse heart are an abomination to the LORD,
00 But the blameless in their ways are His delight.
21 Though they join forces, the wicked will not go unpunished;
00 But the posterity of the righteous will be delivered.

22 As a ring of gold in a swine's snout,
00 So is a lovely woman who lacks discretion.
23 The desire of the righteous is only good,
00 But the expectation of the wicked is wrath.

24 There is one who scatters, yet increases more;
00 And there is one who withholds more than is right,
25 The generous soul will be made rich,
00 And he who waters will also be watered himself.
26 The people will curse him who withholds grain,
00 But blessing will be on the head of him who sells it.

27 He who earnestly seeks good finds favor,
00 But trouble will come to him who seeks evil.

28 He who trusts in his riches will fall,
00 But the righteous will flourish like foliage.

29 He who troubles his own house will inherit the wind,
00 And the fool will be servant to the wise of heart.

30 The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life,
00 And he who wins souls is wise.

31 If the righteous will be recompensed on the earth,
00 How much more the ungodly and the sinner.

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Proverb 12 (NKJV)

The House of the Righteous Shall Stand

01 Whoever loves instruction loves knowledge,
00 But he who hates correction is stupid.

02 A good man obtains favor from the LORD,
00 But a man of wicked intentions He will condemn.

03 A man is not established by wickedness,
00 But the root of the righteous cannot be moved.

04 An excellent wife is the crown of her husband,
00 But she who causes shame is like rottenness in his bones.

05 The thoughts of the righteous are right,
00 But the counsels of the wicked are deceitful.
06 The words of the wicked are, "Lie in wait for blood,"
00 But the mouth of the upright will deliver them.

07 The wicked are overthrown and are no more,
00 But the house of the righteous will stand.

08 A man will be commended according to his wisdom,
00 But he who is of a perverse heart will be despised.

09 Better is the one who is slighted but has a servant,
00 Than he who honors himself but lacks bread.

10 A righteous man regards the life of his animal,
00 But the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.

11 He who tills his land will be satisfied with bread,
00 But he who follows frivolity is devoid of understanding.

12 The wicked covet the catch of evil men,
00 But the root of the righteous yields fruit.
13 The wicked is ensnared by the transgression of his lips,
00 But the righteous will come through trouble.
14 A man will be satisfied with good by the fruit of his mouth,
00 And the recompense of a man's hands will be rendered to him.

15 The way of a fool is right in his own eyes,
00 But he who heeds counsel is wise.
16 A fool's wrath is known at once,
00 But a prudent man covers shame.

17 He who speaks truth declares righteousness,
00 But a false witness, deceit.
18 There is one who speaks like the piercings of a sword,
00 But the tongue of the wise promotes health.
19 The truthful lip shall be established forever,
00 But a lying tongue is but for a moment.
20 Deceit is in the heart of those who devise evil,
00 But counselors of peace have joy.
21 No grave trouble will overtake the righteous,
00 But the wicked shall be filled with evil.
22 Lying lips are an abomination to the LORD,
00 But those who deal truthfully are His delight.

23 A prudent man conceals knowledge,
00 But the heart of fools proclaims foolishness.

24 The hand of the diligent will rule,
00 But the lazy man will be put to forced labor.

25 Anxiety in the heart of man causes depression,
00 But a good word makes it glad.

26 The righteous should choose his friends carefully,
00 For the way of the wicked leads them astray.

27 The lazy man does not roast what he took in hunting,
00 But diligence is man's precious possession.

28 In the way of righteousness is life,
00 And in its pathway there is no death.

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Proverb 13 (NKJV)


Wisdom Loves Righteousness

01 A wise son heeds his father's instruction,
00 But a scoffer does not listen to rebuke.

02 A man shall eat well by the fruit of his mouth,
00 But the soul of the unfaithful feeds on violence.
03 He who guards his mouth preserves his life,
00 But he who opens wide his lips shall have destruction.

04 The soul of a lazy man desires, and has nothing;
00 But the soul of the diligent shall be made rich.

05 A righteous man hates lying,
00 But a wicked man is loathsome and comes to shame.
06 Righteousness guards him whose way is blameless,
00 But wickedness overthrows the sinner.

07 There is one who makes himself rich, yet has nothing;
00 And one who makes himself poor, yet has great riches.

08 The ransom of a man's life is his riches,
00 But the poor does not hear rebuke.

09 The light of the righteous rejoices,
00 But the lamp of the wicked will be put out.

10 By pride comes nothing but strife,
00 But with the well-advised is wisdom.

11 Wealth gained by dishonesty will be diminished,
00 But he who gathers by labor will increase.

12 Hope deferred makes the heart sick,
00 But when the desire comes, it is a tree of life.

13 He who despises the word will be destroyed,
00 But he who fears the commandment will be rewarded.
14 The law of the wise is a fountain of life,
00 To turn one away from the snares of death.

15 Good understanding gains favor,
00 But the way of the unfaithful is hard.
16 Every prudent man acts with knowledge,
00 But a fool lays open his folly.

17 A wicked messenger falls into trouble,
00 But a faithful ambassador brings health.

18 Poverty and shame will come to him who disdains correction,
00 But he who regards a rebuke will be honored.

19 A desire accomplished is sweet to the soul,
00 But it is an abomination to fools to depart from evil.

20 He who walks with wise men will be wise,
00 But the companion of fools will be destroyed.

21 Evil pursues sinners,
00 But to the righteous, good shall be repaid.

22 A good man leaves an inheritance to his children's children,
00 But the wealth of the sinner is stored up for the righteous.

23 Much food is in the fallow ground of the poor,
00 And for lack of justice there is waste.

24 He who spares his rod hates his son,
00 But he who loves him disciplines him promptly.

25 The righteous eats to the satisfying of his soul,
00 But the stomach of the wicked shall be in want.

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Proverb 14 (NKJV)

The Ways of Life and Death

01 The wise woman builds her house,
00 But the foolish pulls it down with her hands.

02 He who walks in his uprightness fears the LORD,
00 But he who is perverse in his ways despises Him.
03 In the mouth of a fool is a rod of pride,
00 But the lips of the wise will preserve them.
04 Where no oxen are, the trough is clean;
00 But much increase comes by the strength of an ox.
05 A faithful witness does not lie,
00 But a false witness will utter lies.

06 A scoffer seeks wisdom and does not find it,
00 But knowledge is easy to him who understands.
07 Go from the presence of a foolish man,
00 When you do not perceive in him the lips of knowledge.
00 A young man devoid of understanding,
08 The wisdom of the prudent is to understand his way,
00 But the folly of fools is deceit.
09 Fools mock at sin,
00 But among the upright there is favor.
10 The heart knows its own bitterness,
00 And a stranger does not share its joy.
11 The house of the wicked will be overthrown,
00 But the tent of the upright will flourish.
12 There is a way that seems right to a man,
00 But its end is the way of death.
13 Even in laughter the heart may sorrow,
00 And the end of mirth may be grief.
14 The backslider in heart will be filled with his own ways,
00 But a good man will be satisfied from above.[1]
15 The simple believes every word,
00But the prudent considers well his steps.
16 A wise man fears and departs from evil,
00 But a fool rages and is self-confident.
17 A quick-tempered man acts foolishly,
00 And a man of wicked intentions is hated.
18The simple inherit folly,
00 But the prudent are crowned with knowledge
19 The evil will bow before the good,
00 And the wicked at the gates of the righteous.

20 The poor man is hated even by his own neighbor,
00 But the rich has many friends.

21 He who despises his neighbor sins;
00 But he who has mercy on the poor, happy is he.
22 Do they not go astray who devise evil?
00 But mercy and truth belong to those who devise good.
23 In all labor there is profit,
00 But idle chatter[2] leads only to poverty.

24 The crown of the wise is their riches,
00 But the foolishness of fools is folly.
25 A true witness delivers souls,
00 But a deceitful witness speaks lies.
26 In the fear of the LORD there is strong confidence,
00 And His children will have a place of refuge.
27 The fear of the LORD is a fountain of life,
00 To turn one away from the snares of death.

28 In a multitude of people is a king's honor,
00 But in the lack of people is the downfall of a prince.

29 He who is slow to wrath has great understanding,
00 But he who is impulsive[3] exalts folly.

30 A sound heart is life to the body,
00 But envy is rottenness to the bones.

31 He who oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker,
00 But he who honors Him has mercy on the needy.

32 The wicked is banished in his wickedness,
00 But the righteous has a refuge in his death.

33 Wisdom rests in the heart of him who has understanding,
00 But what is in the heart of fools is made known.

34 Righteousness exalts a nation,
00 But sin is a reproach to any people.

35 The king's favor is toward a wise servant,
00 But his wrath is against him who causes shame.

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Proverb 15 (NKJV)

A Soft Answer Turns Away Wrath

01 A soft answer turns away wrath,
00 But a harsh word stirs up anger.
02 The tongue of the wise uses knowledge rightly,
00 But the mouth of fools pours forth foolishness.

03 The eyes of the LORD are in every place,
00 Keeping watch on the evil and the good.

04 A wholesome tongue is a tree of life,
00 But perverseness in it breaks the spirit.

05 A fool despises his father's instruction,
00 But he who receives correction is prudent.

06 In the house of the righteous there is much treasure,
00 But in the revenue of the wicked is trouble.

07 The lips of the wise disperse knowledge,
00 But the heart of the fool does not do so.

08 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD,
00 But the prayer of the upright is His delight.
09 The way of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD,
00 But He loves him who follows righteousness.

10 Harsh discipline is for him who forsakes the way,
00 And he who hates correction will die.

11 Hell and Destruction are before the LORD;
00 So how much more the hearts of the sons of men.

12 A scoffer does not love one who corrects him,
00 Nor will he go to the wise.

13 A merry heart makes a cheerful countenance,
00 But by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

14 The heart of him who has understanding seeks knowledge,
00 But the mouth of fools feeds on foolishness.

15 All the days of the afflicted are evil,
00 But he who is of a merry heart has a continual feast.

16 Better is a little with the fear of the LORD,
00 Than great treasure with trouble.
17 Better is a dinner of herbs where love is,
00 Than a fatted calf with hatred.

18 A wrathful man stirs up strife,
00 But he who is slow to anger allays contention.

19 The way of the lazy man is like a hedge of thorns,
00 But the way of the upright is a highway.

20 A wise son makes a father glad,
00 But a foolish man despises his mother.

21 Folly is joy to him who is destitute of discernment,
00 But a man of understanding walks uprightly.

22 Without counsel, plans go awry,
00 But in the multitude of counselors they are established.

23 A man has joy by the answer of his mouth,
00 And a word spoken in due season, how good it is!

24 The way of life winds upward for the wise,
00 That he may turn away from hell below.

25 The LORD will destroy the house of the proud,
00 But He will establish the boundary of the widow.

26 The thoughts of the wicked are an abomination to the LORD,
00 But the words of the pure are pleasant.

27 He who is greedy for gain troubles his own house,
00 But he who hates bribes will live.

28 The heart of the righteous studies how to answer,
00 But the mouth of the wicked pours forth evil.

29 The LORD is far from the wicked,
00 But He hears the prayer of the righteous.

30 The light of the eyes rejoices the heart,
00 And a good report makes the bones healthy.

31 The ear that hears the rebukes of life
00 Will abide among the wise.
32 He who disdains instruction despises his own soul,
00 But he who heeds rebuke gets understanding.
33 The fear of the LORD is the instruction of wisdom,
00 And before honor is humility.

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Proverb 16 (NKJV)

Wisdom Is Better Than Gold

01 The preparations of the heart belong to man,
00 But the answer of the tongue is from the LORD.

02 All the ways of a man are pure in his own eyes,
00 But the LORD weighs the spirits.

03 Commit your works to the LORD,
00 And your thoughts will be established.

04 The LORD has made all for Himself,
00 Yes, even the wicked for the day of doom.

05 Everyone proud in heart is an abomination to the LORD;
00 Though they join forces, none will go unpunished.

06 In mercy and truth
00 Atonement is provided for iniquity;
00 And by the fear of the LORD one departs from evil.

07 When a man's ways please the LORD,
00 He makes even his enemies to be at peace with him.

08 Better is a little with righteousness,
00 Than vast revenues without justice.

09 A man's heart plans his way,
00 But the LORD directs his steps.

10 Divination is on the lips of the king;
00 His mouth must not transgress in judgment.
11 Honest weights and scales are the LORD's;
00 All the weights in the bag are His work.
12 It is an abomination for kings to commit wickedness,
00 For a throne is established by righteousness.
13 Righteous lips are the delight of kings,
00 And they love him who speaks what is right.
14 As messengers of death is the king's wrath,
00 But a wise man will appease it.
15 In the light of the king's face is life,
00 And his favor is like a cloud of the latter rain.

16 How much better to get wisdom than gold!
00 And to get understanding is to be chosen rather than silver.

17 The highway of the upright is to depart from evil;
00 He who keeps his way preserves his soul.

18 Pride goes before destruction,
00 And a haughty spirit before a fall.
19 Better to be of a humble spirit with the lowly,
00 Than to divide the spoil with the proud.

20 He who heeds the word wisely will find good,
00 And whoever trusts in the LORD, happy is he.

21 The wise in heart will be called prudent,
00 And sweetness of the lips increases learning.

22 Understanding is a wellspring of life to him who has it.
00 But the correction of fools is folly.

23 The heart of the wise teaches his mouth,
00 And adds learning to his lips.

24 Pleasant words are like a honeycomb,
00 Sweetness to the soul and health to the bones.

25 There is a way that seems right to a man,
00 But its end is the way of death.

26 The person who labors, labors for himself,
00 For his hungry mouth drives him on.

27 An ungodly man digs up evil,
00 And it is on his lips like a burning fire.
28 A perverse man sows strife,
00 And a whisperer separates the best of friends.
29 A violent man entices his neighbor,
00 And leads him in a way that is not good.
30 He winks his eye to devise perverse things;
00 He purses his lips and brings about evil.

31 The silver-haired head is a crown of glory,
00 If it is found in the way of righteousness.

32 He who is slow to anger is better than the mighty,
00 And he who rules his spirit than he who takes a city.

33 The lot is cast into the lap,
00 But its every decision is from the LORD.

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Proverb 17 (NKJV)

The LORD Tests Hearts

01 Better is a dry morsel with quietness,
00 Than a house full of feasting with strife.

02 A wise servant will rule over a son who causes shame,
00 And will share an inheritance among the brothers.

03 The refining pot is for silver and the furnace for gold,
00 But the LORD tests the hearts.

04 An evildoer gives heed to false lips;
00 A liar listens eagerly to a spiteful tongue.

05 He who mocks the poor reproaches his Maker;
00 He who is glad at calamity will not go unpunished.

06 Children's children are the crown of old men,
00 And the glory of children is their father.

07 Excellent speech is not becoming to a fool,
00 Much less lying lips to a prince.

08 A present is a precious stone in the eyes of its possessor;
00 Wherever he turns, he prospers.

09 He who covers a transgression seeks love,
00 But he who repeats a matter separates friends.

10 Rebuke is more effective for a wise man
00 Than a hundred blows on a fool.

11 An evil man seeks only rebellion;
00 Therefore a cruel messenger will be sent against him.

12 Let a man meet a bear robbed of her cubs,
00 Rather than a fool in his folly.

13 Whoever rewards evil for good,
00 Evil will not depart from his house.

14 The beginning of strife is like releasing water;
00 Therefore stop contention before a quarrel starts.

15 He who justifies the wicked, and he who condemns the just,
00 Both of them alike are an abomination to the LORD.

16 Why is there in the hand of a fool the purchase price of wisdom,
00 Since he has no heart for it?

17 A friend loves at all times,
00 And a brother is born for adversity.

18 A man devoid of understanding shakes hands in a pledge,
00 And becomes surety for his friend.

19 He who loves transgression loves strife,
00 And he who exalts his gate seeks destruction.

20 He who has a deceitful heart finds no good,
00 And he who has a perverse tongue falls into evil.

21 He who begets a scoffer does so to his sorrow,
00 And the father of a fool has no joy.

22 A merry heart does good, like medicine,
00 But a broken spirit dries the bones.

23 A wicked man accepts a bribe behind the back
00 To pervert the ways of justice.

24 Wisdom is in the sight of him who has understanding,
00 But the eyes of a fool are on the ends of the earth.

25 A foolish son is a grief to his father,
00 And bitterness to her who bore him.

26 Also, to punish the righteous is not good,
00 Nor to strike princes for their uprightness.

27 He who has knowledge spares his words,
00 And a man of understanding is of a calm spirit.
28 Even a fool is counted wise when he holds his peace;
00 When he shuts his lips, he is considered perceptive.

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Proverb 18 (NKJV)

The Name of the LORD Is a Strong Tower

01 A man who isolates himself seeks his own desire;
00 He rages against all wise judgment.

02 A fool has no delight in understanding,
00 But in expressing his own heart.

03 When the wicked comes, contempt comes also;
00 And with dishonor comes reproach.

04 The words of a man's mouth are deep waters;
00 The wellspring of wisdom is a flowing brook.

05 It is not good to show partiality to the wicked,
00 Or to overthrow the righteous in judgment.

06 A fool's lips enter into contention,
00 And his mouth calls for blows.
07 A fool's mouth is his destruction,
00 And his lips are the snare of his soul.
08 The words of a talebearer are like tasty trifles,
00 And they go down into the inmost body.

09 He who is slothful in his work
00 Is a brother to him who is a great destroyer.

10 The name of the LORD is a strong tower;
00 The righteous run to it and are safe.
11 The rich man's wealth is his strong city,
00 And like a high wall in his own esteem.

12 Before destruction the heart of a man is haughty,
00 And before honor is humility.

13 He who answers a matter before he hears it,
00 It is folly and shame to him.

14 The spirit of a man will sustain him in sickness,
00 But who can bear a broken spirit?

15 The heart of the prudent acquires knowledge,
00 And the ear of the wise seeks knowledge.

16 A man's gift makes room for him,
00 And brings him before great men.

17 The first one to plead his cause seems right,
00 Until his neighbor comes and examines him.

18 Casting lots causes contentions to cease,
00 And keeps the mighty apart.

19 A brother offended is harder to win than a strong city,
00 And contentions are like the bars of a castle.

20 A man's stomach shall be satisfied from the fruit of his mouth;
00 From the produce of his lips he shall be filled.

21 Death and life are in the power of the tongue,
00 And those who love it will eat its fruit.

22 He who finds a wife finds a good thing,
00 And obtains favor from the LORD.

23 The poor man uses entreaties,
00 But the rich answers roughly.

24 A man who has friends must himself be friendly,
00 But there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother.

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Proverb 19 (NKJV)

The Fear of the Lord Leads to Life

01 Better is the poor who walks in his integrity
00 Than one who is perverse in his lips, and is a fool.

02 Also it is not good for a soul to be without knowledge,
00 And he sins who hastens with his feet.

03 The foolishness of a man twists his way,
00 And his heart frets against the LORD.

04 Wealth makes many friends,
00 But the poor is separated from his friend.

05 A false witness will not go unpunished,
00 And he who speaks lies will not escape.

06 Many entreat the favor of the nobility,
00 And every man is a friend to one who gives gifts.
07 All the brothers of the poor hate him;
00 How much more do his friends go far from him!
00 He may pursue them with words, yet they abandon him.

08 He who gets wisdom loves his own soul;
00 He who keeps understanding will find good.

09 A false witness will not go unpunished,
00 And he who speaks lies shall perish.

10 Luxury is not fitting for a fool,
00 Much less for a servant to rule over princes.

11 The discretion of a man makes him slow to anger,
00 And his glory is to overlook a transgression.

12 The king's wrath is like the roaring of a lion,
00 But his favor is like dew on the grass.

13 A foolish son is the ruin of his father,
00 And the contentions of a wife are a continual dripping.

14 Houses and riches are an inheritance from fathers,
00 But a prudent wife is from the LORD.

15 Laziness casts one into a deep sleep,
00 And an idle person will suffer hunger.

16 He who keeps the commandment keeps his soul,
00 But he who is careless of his ways will die.

17 He who has pity on the poor lends to the LORD,
00 And He will pay back what he has given.

18 Chasten your son while there is hope,
00 And do not set your heart on his destruction.

19 A man of great wrath will suffer punishment;
00 For if you rescue him, you will have to do it again.

20 Listen to counsel and receive instruction,
00 That you may be wise in your latter days.

21 There are many plans in a man's heart,
00 Nevertheless the LORD's counsel--that will stand.

22 What is desired in a man is kindness,
00 And a poor man is better than a liar.

23 The fear of the LORD leads to life,
00 And he who has it will abide in satisfaction;
00 He will not be visited with evil.

24 A lazy man buries his hand in the bowl,
00 And will not so much as bring it to his mouth again.

25 Strike a scoffer, and the simple will become wary;
00 Rebuke one who has understanding, and he will discern knowledge.

26 He who mistreats his father and chases away his mother
00 Is a son who causes shame and brings reproach.

27 Cease listening to instruction, my son,
00 And you will stray from the words of knowledge.

28 A disreputable witness scorns justice,
00 And the mouth of the wicked devours iniquity.

29 Judgments are prepared for scoffers,
00 And beatings for the backs of fools.

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Proverb 20 (NKJV)

Wine Is a Mocker


01 Wine is a mocker,
00 Strong drink is a brawler,
00 And whoever is led astray by it is not wise.

02 The wrath of a king is like the roaring of a lion;
00 Whoever provokes him to anger sins against his own life.

03 It is honorable for a man to stop striving,
00 Since any fool can start a quarrel.

04 The lazy man will not plow because of winter;
00 He will beg during harvest and have nothing.

05 Counsel in the heart of man is like deep water,
00 But a man of understanding will draw it out.

06 Most men will proclaim each his own goodness,
00 But who can find a faithful man?

07 The righteous man walks in his integrity;
00 His children are blessed after him.

08 A king who sits on the throne of judgment
00 Scatters all evil with his eyes.

09 Who can say, "I have made my heart clean,
00 I am pure from my sin"?

010 Diverse weights and diverse measures,
00 They are both alike, an abomination to the LORD.

11 Even a child is known by his deeds,
00 Whether what he does is pure and right.

12 The hearing ear and the seeing eye,
00 The LORD has made them both.

13 Do not love sleep, lest you come to poverty;
00 Open your eyes, and you will be satisfied with bread.

14 "It is good for nothing," cries the buyer;
00 But when he has gone his way, then he boasts.

15 There is gold and a multitude of rubies,
00 But the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.

16 Take the garment of one who is surety for a stranger,
00 And hold it as a pledge when it is for a seductress.

17 Bread gained by deceit is sweet to a man,
00 But afterward his mouth will be filled with gravel.

18 Plans are established by counsel;
00 By wise counsel wage war.

19 He who goes about as a talebearer reveals secrets;
00 Therefore do not associate with one who flatters with his lips.

20 Whoever curses his father or his mother,
00 His lamp will be put out in deep darkness.

21 An inheritance gained hastily at the beginning
00 Will not be blessed at the end.

22 Do not say, "I will recompense evil";
00 Wait for the LORD, and He will save you.

23 Diverse weights are an abomination to the LORD,
00 And dishonest scales are not good.

24 A man's steps are of the LORD;
00 How then can a man understand his own way?

25 It is a snare for a man to devote rashly something as holy,
00 And afterward to reconsider his vows.

26 A wise king sifts out the wicked,
00 And brings the threshing wheel over them.

27 The spirit of a man is the lamp of the LORD,
00 Searching all the inner depths of his heart.

28 Mercy and truth preserve the king,
00 And by lovingkindness he upholds his throne.

29 The glory of young men is their strength,
00 And the splendor of old men is their gray head.

30 Blows that hurt cleanse away evil,
00 As do stripes the inner depths of the heart.

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Proverb 21 (NKJV)

The LORD Considers the Heart

01 The king's heart is in the hand of the LORD,
00 Like the rivers of water; He turns it wherever He wishes.

02 Every way of a man is right in his own eyes,
00 But the LORD weighs the hearts.

03 To do righteousness and justice
00 Is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.

04 A haughty look, a proud heart,
00 And the plowing of the wicked are sin.

05 The plans of the diligent lead surely to plenty,
00 But those of everyone who is hasty, surely to poverty.

06 Getting treasures by a lying tongue
00 Is the fleeting fantasy of those who seek death.

07 The violence of the wicked will destroy them,
00 Because they refuse to do justice.

08 The way of a guilty man is perverse;
00 But as for the pure, his work is right.

09 Better to dwell in a corner of a housetop,
00 Than in a house shared with a contentious woman.

10 The soul of the wicked desires evil;
00 His neighbor finds no favor in his eyes.

11 When the scoffer is punished, the simple is made wise;
00 But when the wise is instructed, he receives knowledge.

12 The righteous God wisely considers the house of the wicked,
00 Overthrowing the wicked for their wickedness.

13 Whoever shuts his ears to the cry of the poor
00 Will also cry himself and not be heard.

14 A gift in secret pacifies anger,
00 And a bribe behind the back, strong wrath.

15 It is a joy for the just to do justice,
00 But destruction will come to the workers of iniquity.

16 A man who wanders from the way of understanding
00 Will rest in the assembly of the dead.

17 He who loves pleasure will be a poor man;
00 He who loves wine and oil will not be rich.

18 The wicked shall be a ransom for the righteous,
00 And the unfaithful for the upright.

19 Better to dwell in the wilderness,
00 Than with a contentious and angry woman.

20 There is desirable treasure,
00 And oil in the dwelling of the wise,
00 But a foolish man squanders it.

21 He who follows righteousness and mercy
00 Finds life, righteousness and honor.

22 A wise man scales the city of the mighty,
00 And brings down the trusted stronghold.

23 Whoever guards his mouth and tongue
00 Keeps his soul from troubles.

24 A proud and haughty man--"Scoffer" is his name;
00 He acts with arrogant pride.

25 The desire of the lazy man kills him,
00 For his hands refuse to labor.
26 He covets greedily all day long,
00 But the righteous gives and does not spare.

27 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination;
00 How much more when he brings it with wicked intent!

28 A false witness shall perish,
00 But the man who hears him will speak endlessly.

29 A wicked man hardens his face,
00 But as for the upright, he establishes his way.

30 There is no wisdom or understanding
00 Or counsel against the LORD.

31 The horse is prepared for the day of battle,
00 But deliverance is of the LORD.

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Proverb 22 (NKJV)

The Value of a Good Name
01 A good name is to be chosen rather than great riches,
00 Loving favor rather than silver and gold.

02 The rich and the poor have this in common,
00 The LORD is the maker of them all.

03 A prudent man foresees evil and hides himself,
00 But the simple pass on and are punished.

04 By humility and the fear of the LORD
00 Are riches and honor and life.

05 Thorns and snares are in the way of the perverse;
00 He who guards his soul will be far from them.

06 Train up a child in the way he should go,
00 And when he is old he will not depart from it.

07 The rich rules over the poor,
00 And the borrower is servant to the lender.

08 He who sows iniquity will reap sorrow,
00 And the rod of his anger will fail.

09 He who has a generous eye will be blessed,
00 For he gives of his bread to the poor.

10 Cast out the scoffer, and contention will leave;
00 Yes, strife and reproach will cease.

11 He who loves purity of heart
00 And has grace on his lips,
00 The king will be his friend.

12 The eyes of the LORD preserve knowledge,
00 But He overthrows the words of the faithless.

13 The lazy man says, "There is a lion outside!
00 I shall be slain in the streets!"

14 The mouth of an immoral woman is a deep pit;
00 He who is abhorred by the LORD will fall there.

15 Foolishness is bound up in the heart of a child;
00 The rod of correction will drive it far from him.

16 He who oppresses the poor to increase his riches,
00 And he who gives to the rich, will surely come to poverty.


Sayings of the Wise

17 Incline your ear and hear the words of the wise,
00 And apply your heart to my knowledge;
18 For it is a pleasant thing if you keep them within you;
00 Let them all be fixed upon your lips,
19 So that your trust may be in the LORD;
00 I have instructed you today, even you.
20 Have I not written to you excellent things
00 Of counsels and knowledge,
21 That I may make you know the certainty of the words of truth,
00 That you may answer words of truth
00 To those who send to you?

22 Do not rob the poor because he is poor,
00 Nor oppress the afflicted at the gate;
23 For the LORD will plead their cause,
00 And plunder the soul of those who plunder them.

24 Make no friendship with an angry man,
00 And with a furious man do not go,
25 Lest you learn his ways
00 And set a snare for your soul.

26 Do not be one of those who shakes hands in a pledge,
00 One of those who is surety for debts;
27 If you have nothing with which to pay,
00 Why should he take away your bed from under you?

28 Do not remove the ancient landmark
00 Which your fathers have set.

29 Do you see a man who excels in his work?
00 He will stand before kings;
00 He will not stand before unknown men.

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Proverb 23 (NKJV)

Listen to Your Father

01 When you sit down to eat with a ruler,
00 Consider carefully what is before you;
02 And put a knife to your throat
00 If you are a man given to appetite.
03 Do not desire his delicacies,
00 For they are deceptive food.

04 Do not overwork to be rich;
00 Because of your own understanding, cease!
05 Will you set your eyes on that which is not?
00 For riches certainly make themselves wings;
00 They fly away like an eagle toward heaven.

06 Do not eat the bread of a miser,
00 Nor desire his delicacies;
07 For as he thinks in his heart, so is he.
00 "Eat and drink!" he says to you,
00 But his heart is not with you.
08 The morsel you have eaten, you will vomit up,
00 And waste your pleasant words.

09 Do not speak in the hearing of a fool,
00 For he will despise the wisdom of your words.

10 Do not remove the ancient landmark,
00 Nor enter the fields of the fatherless;
11 For their Redeemer is mighty;
00 He will plead their cause against you.

12 Apply your heart to instruction,
00 And your ears to words of knowledge.

13 Do not withhold correction from a child,
00 For if you beat him with a rod, he will not die.
14 You shall beat him with a rod,
00 And deliver his soul from hell.

15 My son, if your heart is wise,
00 My heart will rejoice--indeed, I myself;
16 Yes, my inmost being will rejoice
00 When your lips speak right things.

17 Do not let your heart envy sinners,
00 But be zealous for the fear of the LORD all the day;
18 For surely there is a hereafter,
00 And your hope will not be cut off.

19 Hear, my son, and be wise;
00 And guide your heart in the way.
20 Do not mix with winebibbers,
00 Or with gluttonous eaters of meat;
21 For the drunkard and the glutton will come to poverty,
00 And drowsiness will clothe a man with rags.

22 Listen to your father who begot you,
00 And do not despise your mother when she is old.

23 Buy the truth, and do not sell it,
00 Also wisdom and instruction and understanding.

24 The father of the righteous will greatly rejoice,
00 And he who begets a wise child will delight in him.
25 Let your father and your mother be glad,
00 And let her who bore you rejoice.

26 My son, give me your heart,
00 And let your eyes observe my ways.
27 And a seductress is a narrow well.
00 And your destruction comes like a whirlwind,
28 She also lies in wait as for a victim,
00 And increases the unfaithful among men.

29 Who has woe?
00 Who has sorrow?
00 Who has contentions?
00 Who has complaints?
00 Who has wounds without cause?
00 Who has redness of eyes?
30 Those who linger long at the wine,
00 Those who go in search of mixed wine.
31 Do not look on the wine when it is red,
00 When it sparkles in the cup,
00 When it swirls around smoothly;
32 At the last it bites like a serpent,
00 And stings like a viper.
33 Your eyes will see strange things,
00 And your heart will utter perverse things.
34 Yes, you will be like one who lies down in the midst of the sea,
00 Or like one who lies at the top of the mast, saying:
35 "They have struck me, but I was not hurt;
00 They have beaten me, but I did not feel it.
00 When shall I awake, that I may seek another drink?"

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Proverb 24 (NKJV)
Do Not Envy Evil Men

01 Do not be envious of evil men,
00 Nor desire to be with them;
02 For their heart devises violence,
00 And their lips talk of troublemaking.

03 Through wisdom a house is built,
00 And by understanding it is established;
04 By knowledge the rooms are filled
00 With all precious and pleasant riches.

05 A wise man is strong,
00 Yes, a man of knowledge increases strength;
06 For by wise counsel you will wage your own war,
00 And in a multitude of counselors there is safety.

07 Wisdom is too lofty for a fool;
00 He does not open his mouth in the gate.

08 He who plots to do evil
00 Will be called a schemer.
09 The devising of foolishness is sin,
00 And the scoffer is an abomination to men.
10 If you faint in the day of adversity,
00 Your strength is small.
11 Deliver those who are drawn toward death,
00 And hold back those stumbling to the slaughter.
12 If you say, "Surely we did not know this,"
00 Does not He who weighs the hearts consider it?
00 He who keeps your soul, does He not know it?
00 And will He not render to each man according to his deeds?

13 My son, eat honey because it is good,
00 And the honeycomb which is sweet to your taste;
14 So shall the knowledge of wisdom be to your soul;
00 If you have found it, there is a prospect,
00 And your hope will not be cut off.

15 Do not lie in wait, O wicked man, against the dwelling of the righteous;
00 Do not plunder his resting place;
16 For a righteous man may fall seven times
00 And rise again,
00 But the wicked shall fall by calamity.

17 Do not rejoice when your enemy falls,
00 And do not let your heart be glad when he stumbles;
18 Lest the LORD see it, and it displease Him,
00 And He turn away His wrath from him.

19 Do not fret because of evildoers,
00 Nor be envious of the wicked;
20 For there will be no prospect for the evil man;
00 The lamp of the wicked will be put out.

21 My son, fear the LORD and the king;
00 Do not associate with those given to change;
22 For their calamity will rise suddenly,
00 And who knows the ruin those two can bring?

Further Sayings of the Wise
23 These things also belong to the wise:
00 It is not good to show partiality in judgment.
24 He who says to the wicked, "You are righteous,"
00 Him the people will curse;
00 Nations will abhor him.
25 But those who rebuke the wicked will have delight,
00 And a good blessing will come upon them.

26 He who gives a right answer kisses the lips.

27 Prepare your outside work,
00 Make it fit for yourself in the field;
00 And afterward build your house.

28 Do not be a witness against your neighbor without cause,
00 For would you deceive with your lips?
29 Do not say, "I will do to him just as he has done to me;
00 I will render to the man according to his work."

30 I went by the field of the lazy man,
00 And by the vineyard of the man devoid of understanding;
31 And there it was, all overgrown with thorns;
00 Its surface was covered with nettles;
00 Its stone wall was broken down.
32 When I saw it, I considered it well;
00 I looked on it and received instruction:
33 A little sleep, a little slumber,
00 A little folding of the hands to rest;
34 So shall your poverty come like a prowler,
00 And your need like an armed man.

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Proverb 25 (NKJV)

Rule Your Spirit

01 These also are proverbs of Solomon which the men of Hezekiah king of
00 Judah copied:

02 It is the glory of God to conceal a matter,
00 But the glory of kings is to search out a matter.

03 As the heavens for height and the earth for depth,
00 So the heart of kings is unsearchable.

04 Take away the dross from silver,
00 And it will go to the silversmith for jewelry.
05 Take away the wicked from before the king,
00 And his throne will be established in righteousness.

06 Do not exalt yourself in the presence of the king,
00 And do not stand in the place of the great;
07 For it is better that he say to you,
00 "Come up here,"
00 Than that you should be put lower in the presence of the prince,
00 Whom your eyes have seen.

08 Do not go hastily to court;
00 For what will you do in the end,
00 When your neighbor has put you to shame?
09 Debate your case with your neighbor,
00 And do not disclose the secret to another;
10 Lest he who hears it expose your shame,
00 And your reputation be ruined.

11 A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold
00 In settings of silver.
12 Like an earring of gold and an ornament of fine gold
00 Is a wise rebuker to an obedient ear.

13 Like the cold of snow in time of harvest
00 Is a faithful messenger to those who send him,
00 For he refreshes the soul of his masters.

14 Whoever falsely boasts of giving
00 Is like clouds and wind without rain.

15 By long forbearance a ruler is persuaded,
00 And a gentle tongue breaks a bone.

16 Have you found honey?
00 Eat only as much as you need,
00 Lest you be filled with it and vomit.

17 Seldom set foot in your neighbor's house,
00 Lest he become weary of you and hate you.

18 A man who bears false witness against his neighbor
00 Is like a club, a sword, and a sharp arrow.

19 Confidence in an unfaithful man in time of trouble
00 Is like a bad tooth and a foot out of joint.

20 Like one who takes away a garment in cold weather,
00 And like vinegar on soda,
00 Is one who sings songs to a heavy heart.

21 If your enemy is hungry, give him bread to eat;
00 And if he is thirsty, give him water to drink;
22 For so you will heap coals of fire on his head,
00 And the LORD will reward you.

23 The north wind brings forth rain,
00 And a backbiting tongue an angry countenance.

24 It is better to dwell in a corner of a housetop,
0 Than in a house shared with a contentious woman.

25 As cold water to a weary soul,
0o So is good news from a far country.

26 A righteous man who falters before the wicked
00 Is like a murky spring and a polluted well.

27 It is not good to eat much honey;
00 So to seek one's own glory is not glory.

28 Whoever has no rule over his own spirit
00 Is like a city broken down, without walls.

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Proverb 26 (NKJV)

Honor Is Not Fitting for a Fool

01 As snow in summer and rain in harvest,
00 So honor is not fitting for a fool.

02 Like a flitting sparrow, like a flying swallow,
00 So a curse without cause shall not alight.

03 A whip for the horse,
00 A bridle for the donkey,
00 And a rod for the fool's back.
04 Do not answer a fool according to his folly,
00 Lest you also be like him.
05 Answer a fool according to his folly,
00 Lest he be wise in his own eyes.
06 He who sends a message by the hand of a fool
00 Cuts off his own feet and drinks violence.
07 Like the legs of the lame that hang limp
00 Is a proverb in the mouth of fools.
08 Like one who binds a stone in a sling
00 Is he who gives honor to a fool.
09 Like a thorn that goes into the hand of a drunkard
00 Is a proverb in the mouth of fools.
10 The great God who formed everything
00 Gives the fool his hire and the transgressor his wages.
11 As a dog returns to his own vomit,
00 So a fool repeats his folly.
12 Do you see a man wise in his own eyes?
00 There is more hope for a fool than for him.

13 The lazy man says, "There is a lion in the road!
00 A fierce lion is in the streets!"
14 As a door turns on its hinges,
00 So does the lazy man on his bed.
15 The lazy man buries his hand in the bowl;
00 It wearies him to bring it back to his mouth.
16 The lazy man is wiser in his own eyes
00 Than seven men who can answer sensibly.

17 He who passes by and meddles in a quarrel not his own
00 Is like one who takes a dog by the ears.

18 Like a madman who throws firebrands, arrows, and death,
19 Is the man who deceives his neighbor,
00 And says, "I was only joking!"

20 Where there is no wood, the fire goes out;
00 And where there is no talebearer, strife ceases.
21 As charcoal is to burning coals, and wood to fire,
00 So is a contentious man to kindle strife.
22 The words of a talebearer are like tasty trifles,
00 And they go down into the inmost body.

23 Fervent lips with a wicked heart
00 Are like earthenware covered with silver dross.

24 He who hates, disguises it with his lips,
00 And lays up deceit within himself;
25 When he speaks kindly, do not believe him,
00 For there are seven abominations in his heart;
26 Though his hatred is covered by deceit,
00 His wickedness will be revealed before the assembly.

27 Whoever digs a pit will fall into it,
00 And he who rolls a stone will have it roll back on him.

28 A lying tongue hates those who are crushed by it,
00 And a flattering mouth works ruin.

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Proverb 27 (NKJV)

My Son, Be Wise

01 Do not boast about tomorrow,
00 For you do not know what a day may bring forth.

02 Let another man praise you, and not your own mouth;
00 A stranger, and not your own lips.

03 A stone is heavy and sand is weighty,
00 But a fool's wrath is heavier than both of them.

04 Wrath is cruel and anger a torrent,
00 But who is able to stand before jealousy?

05 Open rebuke is better
00 Than love carefully concealed.

06 Faithful are the wounds of a friend,
00 But the kisses of an enemy are deceitful.

07 A satisfied soul loathes the honeycomb,
00 But to a hungry soul every bitter thing is sweet.

08 Like a bird that wanders from its nest
00 Is a man who wanders from his place.

09 Ointment and perfume delight the heart,
00 And the sweetness of a man's friend gives delight by hearty counsel.

10 Do not forsake your own friend or your father's friend,
00 Nor go to your brother's house in the day of your calamity;
00 Better is a neighbor nearby than a brother far away.

11 My son, be wise, and make my heart glad,
00 That I may answer him who reproaches me.

12 A prudent man foresees evil and hides himself;
00 The simple pass on and are punished.

13 Take the garment of him who is surety for a stranger,
00 And hold it in pledge when he is surety for a seductress.

14 He who blesses his friend with a loud voice, rising early in the morning,
00 It will be counted a curse to him.

15 A continual dripping on a very rainy day
00 And a contentious woman are alike;
16 Whoever restrains her restrains the wind,
00 And grasps oil with his right hand.

17 As iron sharpens iron,
00 So a man sharpens the countenance of his friend.

18 Whoever keeps the fig tree will eat its fruit;
00 So he who waits on his master will be honored.

19 As in water face reflects face,
00 So a man's heart reveals the man.

20 Hell and Destruction are never full;
00 So the eyes of man are never satisfied.

21 The refining pot is for silver and the furnace for gold,
00 And a man is valued by what others say of him.

22 Though you grind a fool in a mortar with a pestle along with crushed grain,
00 Yet his foolishness will not depart from him.

23 Be diligent to know the state of your flocks,
00 And attend to your herds;
24 For riches are not forever,
00 Nor does a crown endure to all generations.
25 When the hay is removed, and the tender grass shows itself,
00 And the herbs of the mountains are gathered in,
26 The lambs will provide your clothing,
00 And the goats the price of a field;
27 You shall have enough goats' milk for your food,
00 For the food of your household,
00 And the nourishment of your maidservants.

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Proverb 28 (NKJV)

The Righteous Are Bold as a Lion

01 The wicked flee when no one pursues,
00But the righteous are bold as a lion.

02 Because of the transgression of a land, many are its princes;
00But by a man of understanding and knowledge
00Right will be prolonged.

03 A poor man who oppresses the poor
00Is like a driving rain which leaves no food.

04 Those who forsake the law praise the wicked,
00But such as keep the law contend with them.

05 Evil men do not understand justice,
00But those who seek the LORD understand all.

06 Better is the poor who walks in his integrity
00Than one perverse in his ways, though he be rich.

07 Whoever keeps the law is a discerning son,
00But a companion of gluttons shames his father.

08 One who increases his possessions by usury and extortion
00Gathers it for him who will pity the poor.

09 One who turns away his ear from hearing the law,
00Even his prayer is an abomination.

10 Whoever causes the upright to go astray in an evil way,
00He himself will fall into his own pit;
00But the blameless will inherit good.

11 The rich man is wise in his own eyes,
00But the poor who has understanding searches him out.

12 When the righteous rejoice, there is great glory;
00But when the wicked arise, men hide themselves.

13 He who covers his sins will not prosper,
00 But whoever confesses and forsakes them will have mercy.

14 Happy is the man who is always reverent,
00 But he who hardens his heart will fall into calamity.

15 Like a roaring lion and a charging bear
00 Is a wicked ruler over poor people.

16 A ruler who lacks understanding is a great oppressor,
00 But he who hates covetousness will prolong his days.

17 A man burdened with bloodshed will flee into a pit;
00 Let no one help him.

18 Whoever walks blamelessly will be saved,
00 But he who is perverse in his ways will suddenly fall.

19 He who tills his land will have plenty of bread,
00 But he who follows frivolity will have poverty enough!

20 A faithful man will abound with blessings,
00 But he who hastens to be rich will not go unpunished.

21 To show partiality is not good,
00 Because for a piece of bread a man will transgress.

22 A man with an evil eye hastens after riches,
00 And does not consider that poverty will come upon him.

23 He who rebukes a man will find more favor afterward
00 Than he who flatters with the tongue.

24 Whoever robs his father or his mother,
00 And says, "It is no transgression,"
00 The same is companion to a destroyer.

25 He who is of a proud heart stirs up strife,
00 But he who trusts in the LORD will be prospered.

26 He who trusts in his own heart is a fool,
00 But whoever walks wisely will be delivered.

27 He who gives to the poor will not lack,
00 But he who hides his eyes will have many curses.

28 When the wicked arise, men hide themselves;
00 But when they perish, the righteous increase.

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Proverb 29 (NKJV)

Happy Is He Who Keeps the Law

01 He who is often rebuked, and hardens his neck,
00 Will suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.

02 When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice;
00 But when a wicked man rules, the people groan.

03 Whoever loves wisdom makes his father rejoice,
00 But a companion of harlots wastes his wealth.

04 The king establishes the land by justice,
00 But he who receives bribes overthrows it.

05 A man who flatters his neighbor
00 Spreads a net for his feet.

06 By transgression an evil man is snared,
00 But the righteous sings and rejoices.

07 The righteous considers the cause of the poor,
00 But the wicked does not understand such knowledge.

08 Scoffers set a city aflame,
00 But wise men turn away wrath.

09 If a wise man contends with a foolish man,
00 Whether the fool rages or laughs, there is no peace.

10 The bloodthirsty hate the blameless,
00 But the upright seek his well-being.

11 A fool vents all his feelings,
00 But a wise man holds them back.

12 If a ruler pays attention to lies,
00 All his servants become wicked.

13 The poor man and the oppressor have this in common:
00 The LORD gives light to the eyes of both.

14 The king who judges the poor with truth,
00 His throne will be established forever.

15 The rod and rebuke give wisdom,
00 But a child left to himself brings shame to his mother.

16 When the wicked are multiplied, transgression increases;
00 But the righteous will see their fall.

17 Correct your son, and he will give you rest;
00 Yes, he will give delight to your soul.

18 Where there is no revelation, the people cast off restraint;
00 But happy is he who keeps the law.

19 A servant will not be corrected by mere words;
00 For though he understands, he will not respond.

20 Do you see a man hasty in his words?
00 There is more hope for a fool than for him.

21 He who pampers his servant from childhood
00 Will have him as a son in the end.

22 An angry man stirs up strife,
00 And a furious man abounds in transgression.

23 A man's pride will bring him low,
00 But the humble in spirit will retain honor.

24 Whoever is a partner with a thief hates his own life;
00 He swears to tell the truth, but reveals nothing.

25 The fear of man brings a snare,
00 But whoever trusts in the LORD shall be safe.

26 Many seek the ruler's favor,
00 But justice for man comes from the LORD.

27 An unjust man is an abomination to the righteous,
00 And he who is upright in the way is an abomination to the wicked.

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Proverb 30 (NKJV)

The Wisdom of Agur

01 The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, his utterance.
00 This man declared to Ithiel--to Ithiel and Ucal:

02 Surely I am more stupid than any man,
00 And do not have the understanding of a man.
03 I neither learned wisdom
00 Nor have knowledge of the Holy One.

04 Who has ascended into heaven, or descended?
00 Who has gathered the wind in His fists?
00 Who has bound the waters in a garment?
00 Who has established all the ends of the earth?
00 What is His name, and what is His Son's name,
00 If you know?

05 Every word of God is pure;
00 He is a shield to those who put their trust in Him.
06 Do not add to His words,
00 Lest He rebuke you, and you be found a liar.

07 Two things I request of You
00 (Deprive me not before I die):
08 Remove falsehood and lies far from me;
00 Give me neither poverty nor riches--
00 Feed me with the food allotted to me;
09 Lest I be full and deny You,
00 And say, "Who is the LORD?"
00 Or lest I be poor and steal,
00 And profane the name of my God.

10 Do not malign a servant to his master,
00 Lest he curse you, and you be found guilty.

11 There is a generation that curses its father,
00 And does not bless its mother.
12 There is a generation that is pure in its own eyes,
00 Yet is not washed from its filthiness.
13 There is a generation-- oh, how lofty are their eyes!
00 And their eyelids are lifted up.
14 There is a generation whose teeth are like swords,
00 And whose fangs are like knives,
00 To devour the poor from off the earth,
00 And the needy from among men.

15 The leech has two daughters--
00 Give and Give!

00 There are three things that are never satisfied,
00 Four never say, "Enough!":
16 The grave,
00 The barren womb,
00 The earth that is not satisfied with water--
00 And the fire never says, "Enough!"

17 The eye that mocks his father,
00 And scorns obedience to his mother,
00 The ravens of the valley will pick it out,
00 And the young eagles will eat it.

18 There are three things which are too wonderful for me,
00 Yes, four which I do not understand:
19 The way of an eagle in the air,
00 The way of a serpent on a rock,
00 The way of a ship in the midst of the sea,
00 And the way of a man with a virgin.

20 This is the way of an adulterous woman:
00 She eats and wipes her mouth,
00 And says, "I have done no wickedness."

21 For three things the earth is perturbed,
00 Yes, for four it cannot bear up:
22 For a servant when he reigns,
00 A fool when he is filled with food,
23 A hateful woman when she is married,
00 And a maidservant who succeeds her mistress.

24 There are four things which are little on the earth,
00 But they are exceedingly wise:
25 The ants are a people not strong,
00 Yet they prepare their food in the summer;
26 The rock badgers are a feeble folk,
00 Yet they make their homes in the crags;
27 The locusts have no king,
00 Yet they all advance in ranks;
28 The spider skillfully grasps with its hands,
00 And it is in kings' palaces.

29 There are three things which are majestic in pace,
00 Yes, four which are stately in walk:
30 A lion, which is mighty among beasts
00 And does not turn away from any;
31 A greyhound,
00 A male goat also,
00 And a king whose troops are with him.

32 If you have been foolish in exalting yourself,
00 Or if you have devised evil, put your hand on your mouth.
33 For as the churning of milk produces butter,
00 And wringing the nose produces blood,
00 So the forcing of wrath produces strife.

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Proverb 31 (NKJV)

The Words of King Lemuel's Mother

01 The words of King Lemuel,
00 the utterance which his mother taught him:

02 What, my son?
00 And what, son of my womb?
00 And what, son of my vows?
03 Do not give your strength to women,
00 Nor your ways to that which destroys kings.

04 It is not for kings, O Lemuel,
00 It is not for kings to drink wine,
00 Nor for princes intoxicating drink;
05 Lest they drink and forget the law,
00 And pervert the justice of all the afflicted.
06 Give strong drink to him who is perishing,
00 And wine to those who are bitter of heart.
07 Let him drink and forget his poverty,
00 And remember his misery no more.

08 Open your mouth for the speechless,
00 In the cause of all who are appointed to die.
09 Open your mouth, judge righteously,
00 And plead the cause of the poor and needy.

The Virtuous Wife

10 Who can find a virtuous wife?
00 For her worth is far above rubies.
11 The heart of her husband safely trusts her;
00 So he will have no lack of gain.
12 She does him good and not evil
00 All the days of her life.
13 She seeks wool and flax,
00 And willingly works with her hands.
14 She is like the merchant ships,
00 She brings her food from afar.
15 She also rises while it is yet night,
00 And provides food for her household,
00 And a portion for her maidservants.
16 She considers a field and buys it;
00 From her profits she plants a vineyard.
17 She girds herself with strength,
00 And strengthens her arms.
18 She perceives that her merchandise is good,
00 And her lamp does not go out by night.
19 She stretches out her hands to the distaff,
00 And her hand holds the spindle.
20 She extends her hand to the poor,
00 Yes, she reaches out her hands to the needy.
21 She is not afraid of snow for her household,
00 For all her household is clothed with scarlet.
22 She makes tapestry for herself;
00 Her clothing is fine linen and purple.
23 Her husband is known in the gates,
00 When he sits among the elders of the land.
24 She makes linen garments and sells them,
00 And supplies sashes for the merchants.
25 Strength and honor are her clothing;
00 She shall rejoice in time to come.
26 She opens her mouth with wisdom,
00 And on her tongue is the law of kindness.
27 She watches over the ways of her household,
00 And does not eat the bread of idleness.
28 Her children rise up and call her blessed;
00 Her husband also, and he praises her:
29 "Many daughters have done well,
00 But you excel them all."
30 Charm is deceitful and beauty is passing,
00 But a woman who fears the LORD, she shall be praised.
31 Give her of the fruit of her hands,
00 And let her own works praise her in the gates.

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