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Keyword: physics

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  • New quantum microscope shows electrons moving in slow motion

    07/23/2024 4:58:11 PM PDT · by Jonty30 · 17 replies
    https://knowridge.com ^ | July 21, 2024 | By Knowridge
    Physicists at the University of Stuttgart, led by Professor Sebastian Loth, have developed a groundbreaking quantum microscope that can record the movement of electrons at the atomic level with incredibly high spatial and temporal resolution. This new method could significantly advance the way scientists develop materials. Their findings have been published in the journal Nature Physics. “With our new method, we can see things that no one has ever seen before,” says Prof. Loth, the Managing Director of the Institute for Functional Matter and Quantum Technologies at the University of Stuttgart. “This allows us to answer questions about electron movements...
  • NASA Scientist Says Patented ‘EXODUS EFFECT’ Propellantless Propulsion Drive That Defies Physics Is Ready To Go To Space

    07/22/2024 6:47:49 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 67 replies
    The Debrief ^ | JULY 19, 2024 | CHRISTOPHER PLAIN
    A patented experimental propellantless propulsion drive is finally ready to go to space, according to its inventor, a veteran NASA scientist with decades of expertise in electrostatics. [Multiple Videos at Site] Dr. Charles Buhler, the technology’s creator, says the propulsion system may represent a working version of Quantized Inertia, a theory first proposed by University of Plymouth professor Mike McCulloch. The proposition has been subjected to criticism from mainstream scientists in the past because it seemingly violates Newton’s third law of motion. The controversial technology, which The Debrief covered in April, is privately owned by Exodus Propulsion Technologies and is...
  • 10-billion-year-old View of Mysterious Glowing 'Einstein Ring' Reveals Rare Discovery, Challenging Current Theories

    07/18/2024 5:54:57 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    The Debrief ^ | July 18, 2024 | Micah Hanks
    The galaxy PJ0116-24, located 10 billion light-years away from Earth, appears to exhibit characteristics that contradict the standard view that galaxy mergers are required to produce such intense luminosity.The groundbreaking findings, which are detailed in a newly published paper in Nature Astronomy, seem to point to the occurrence of rapid star formation in HyLIRGs, revealing that it can occur through internal processes. The discovery presents new challenges to existing notions held by astronomers about how such formations occur...In the past, it was believed that the intense luminosity produced by HyLIRGs was exclusively the result of mergers between galaxies, which result...
  • Deep space really is completely dark, New Horizons shows

    07/18/2024 1:17:05 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 18 replies
    Big Think ^ | JULY 18, 2024 | Ethan Siegel
    JWST deep field vs hubble This region of space, viewed first iconically by Hubble and later by JWST, shows an animation that switches between the two. Both images still have fundamental limitations, as they were acquired from within our inner Solar System, where the presence of zodiacal light influences the noise floor of our instruments, and cannot easily be removed.Credit: NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, Christina Williams (NSF’s NOIRLab), Sandro Tacchella (Cambridge), Michael Maseda (UW-Madison); Processing: Joseph DePasquale (STScI); Animation: E. Siegel ======================================================================================= KEY TAKEAWAYS: * The darkest night skies, both from Earth as well as from interplanetary space, aren’t completely...
  • Astronomers Found the Ancient Light Source That Literally Turned On the Universe

    07/18/2024 4:21:54 AM PDT · by blueplum · 22 replies
    Popular Mechanics ^ | 11 Jul 2024 | DARREN ORF
    While the “Epoch of Reionization” sounds like the title of a sci-fi novel destined for a Hugo award, this very real era of the universe featured the first light from the very first stars. Before this epoch, the universe was nothing more than a dark void filled with a fog of primordial hydrogen gas—and then, suddenly, there was light. For decades, scientists have searched for a source of radiation powerful enough to have cleared away this fog and introduced light into the universe. Now, an international team of scientists have analyzed the first faintest galaxies ...
  • CERN PHYSICISTS REPORT FIRST DIRECT DETECTION OF ELECTRON NEUTRINOS IN GROUNDBREAKING EXPERIMENT

    07/15/2024 1:03:17 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 39 replies
    The Debrief ^ | JULY 15, 2024 | Micah Hanks
    Electron neutrinos have been experimentally observed for the first time during recent experiments by physicists at CERN, which produced proton-proton collisions at the facility’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Neutrinos are neutral subatomic particles possessing almost no mass. First detected in 1956, they possess 1/2 integral spin like all fermions and rarely react with normal matter except through the weak force. Neutrinos come in three different varieties, associated with electrons, muons, and tau particles. Due to their sparring interactions with matter, all three types of neutrinos are regarded as being among the most elusive particles in the universe. Despite this, physicists...
  • Neutron Star Spotted Shooting A Jet Like A Garden Sprinkler For First Time

    07/15/2024 12:35:49 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 7 replies
    IFL Science ^ | JULY 15, 2024 | DR. ALFREDO CARPINETI
    The jet of this extreme object is changing direction creating an S-shape in the sky. ================================================================== One of the most iconic views of Circinus X-1. New research has revealed intriguing new details about this system. Image Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison/S. Heinz, et al.; Optical: DSS Radio image of the S-shaped precessing jet launched by the neutron star in Circinus X-1. Image Credit: Fraser Cowie ================================================================== Astronomers have spotted a neutron star whose jet is changing direction for the first time. Likened to a garden sprinkler, the jet is coming from the phenomenal object Circinus X-1, one of the brightest...
  • Scientists Have Developed a New Type of Glass With Unique and Even Contradictory Properties

    07/08/2024 5:56:49 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 21 replies
    Scitech Daily ^ | JULY 8, 2024 | TEL-AVIV UNIVERSITY
    Facile preparation of peptide glass at room temperature using standard lab equipment. Credit: Tel Aviv University ============================================================================== Tel Aviv University researchers have created a unique glass that is both an effective adhesive and highly transparent. This spontaneously forming glass could significantly influence multiple high-tech industries. Researchers from Tel Aviv University (TAU) have created a new type of glass with unique and even contradictory properties, such as being a strong adhesive (sticky) and incredibly transparent at the same time. The glass, which forms spontaneously when comes in contact with water at room temperature, could bring about a revolution in an array...
  • The Closest Black Hole To Us Is Not The One In The Center Of Our Galaxy

    07/10/2024 1:08:36 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 25 replies
    IFL Science ^ | JULY 10, 2024 | STEPHEN LUNTZ
    It’s not even truly part of our galaxy, but a newly discovered black hole in Omega Centauri with a mass at least 20,000 times the Sun is closer than Sagittarius A*. The remnant galactic nucleus known as Omega Centauri has a black hole at its heart, revealed by fast-moving stars in the box at its heart. Image Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, M. Häberle (MPIA) =============================================================================== The largest of the star clusters that surround the Milky Way, Omega Centauri, has a black hole at the core with a mass 20,000-50,000 times that of the Sun, new evidence reveals. At 18,000 light...
  • JAMES WEBB SPACE TELESCOPE is Revealing Surprising Secrets About a Massive and Extremely Remote Space Object

    07/08/2024 11:58:19 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 20 replies
    The Debrief ^ | JULY 8, 2024 | Micah Hanks
    (ESO/M. Kornmesser) Observations by the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) have provided astronomers with unprecedented new insights into the early universe, thanks to detailed imagery of the quasar PJ308–21 recently obtained by NASA’s premier space observatory. The new imagery reveals the appearance of this celestial object as it would have looked when the universe was less than a billion years old, offering a detailed view of the quasar’s spectrum and host galaxy. Obtained with Webb’s NIRSpec instrument, the new imagery of quasar PJ308–21 reveals its spectrum with an uncertainty of less than 1% per pixel despite the object’s incredible...
  • New research finds Earth's core slowed so significantly it reversed course, scientists not exactly sure of effects

    07/08/2024 5:49:49 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 67 replies
    The Blaze ^ | JULY 07, 2024 | PAUL SACCA
    Scientists believe a slowing or reversing inner core could potentially affect Earth's magnetic field. At the center of the Earth lies a solid metal ball that rotates independently of our spinning planet. Scientists have debated the inner core's rotation speed and direction. However, new research points to the inner core varying speed in recent years. However, researchers are not exactly sure if there are any effects from the inner core slowing down or reversing. Danish seismologist Inge Lehmann discovered the ball-shaped inner core in 1936. The inner core is buried approximately 3,220 miles deep inside Earth. The solid metal ball...
  • AI Breakthrough in Detecting New Particles at the Large Hadron Collider

    07/05/2024 5:59:14 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 9 replies
    Scitech Daily ^ | July 4, 2024 | CERN
    The ATLAS and CMS collaborations are using state-of-the-art machine learning techniques to search for exotic-looking collisions that could indicate new physics. Credit: S Sioni/CMS-PHO-EVENTS-2021-004-2/M Rayner ============================================================================ Artificial intelligence is revolutionizing how new particles are detected in LHC experiments. By training AI to recognize and differentiate between typical and atypical jets, researchers can identify potential new physics hidden within particle collisions. Recent advancements were highlighted at a physics conference, showing the progress and potential of these AI applications. One of the primary goals of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments is to look for signs of new particles, which could explain...
  • So Now the Feds Will Monitor Research Integrity? The Biden administration’s Scientific Integrity Task Force is rightly opposed by researchers on the ground.

    07/04/2024 7:27:05 AM PDT · by karpov · 19 replies
    James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal ^ | June 28, 2024 | J. Scott Turner
    In its first year, the Biden administration launched a fast-track Scientific Integrity Task Force, intended to “lift up the voices of Federal scientists of many perspectives and backgrounds” and put scientific integrity “paramount in Federal governance for years to come.” The task force took a “whole-of-government” approach to ensuring the scientific integrity of federally funded research and included representatives from the 21 federal agencies that maintain scientific-research programs. For those with a high pain threshold, the final report may be seen here. Prominent among the move’s critics have been the Council on Governmental Relations (a consortium of research universities) and...
  • This 12-year-old memorized the periodic table at age 2. He’s heading to NYU after finishing high school in 2 years

    07/04/2024 7:36:10 AM PDT · by deport · 65 replies
    CNN ^ | Updated: 4:13 PM CDT Jul 1, 2024 | Ashley R. Williams, CNN
    Recent high school graduate Suborno Isaac Bari, 12, plans to start studying math and physics at New York University in the fall, but he's already got his ambitious sights set on beginning a doctoral program. "I hope to graduate college at 14 in spring 2026," said Suborno, who recently became the youngest graduate from his Long Island high school.
  • WEBB Telescope Discovers Mysterious “LITTLE RED DOTS” at Cosmic Dawn

    07/03/2024 9:53:50 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 26 replies
    The Debrief ^ | July 2, 2024 | AVI LOEB
    One of the surprising discoveries of the Webb telescope involves an early population of compact red galaxies at redshift above 7, a time when the Universe was 20 times younger than it is today. The galaxies are redder than expected from their cosmological redshift, indicating additional reddening by a layer of dust. Some of these galaxies contain as much mass in evolved stars as our own Milky Way galaxy. Nevertheless, they are a hundred times smaller in radius, of an order of a few hundred light years. These compact galaxies manifest an increase by a factor of a million in...
  • Secrets of 2000-year-old Analog Computer Revealed With Help From Gravitational Wave Technology [Antikythera mechanism]

    06/28/2024 11:50:42 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 40 replies
    The Debrief ^ | June 28, 2024 | Micah Hanks
    New insights into the function of the world's oldest analog computer, the famous Antikythera mechanism, have been made with help from an unlikely source: technology developed for the study of gravitational waves...Roughly the size of a shoebox, the device features an array of intricately tooled gears that are surprisingly complex for any innovation from the second century BCE. Over the decades, studies of the device have revealed that it likely functioned as a hand-operated computer that would have allowed its operator to predict the arrival of eclipses, as well as calculate the positions of planets over time.Fast forward to 2020,...
  • Was PI Just Hacked? STRING THEORY Scientists ‘STUMBLE UPON’ Whole New Way to Represent Famously Irrational Number

    06/26/2024 5:44:58 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 90 replies
    The Debrief ^ | June 26, 2024 | Christopher Plain
    String theory scientists studying the behavior of high energy particles say they have stumbled upon a mathematical “hack” that revealed a whole new way to represent the irrational number Pi. While the research is purely theoretical, the duo behind the Pi hack says this kind of theoretical work holds rewarding potential. The researchers also believe their work could lead to a number of potential breakthroughs in the future, similar to how theoretical breakthroughs made by physicists nearly a hundred years ago resulted in technological advancements decades later. AFTER 4,000 YEARS, PI IS STILL A MYSTERY Defined as the ratio of...
  • ‘Once-in-a-lifetime’ interstellar explosion will be visible from Earth this summer: NASA

    06/19/2024 9:54:52 PM PDT · by Libloather · 46 replies
    NY Post ^ | 6/19/24 | Ben Cost
    A star is dead? Keep your eyes on the skies, stargazers: NASA has predicted that the much-anticipated “once-in-a-life-time” star explosion — or nova — will be visible to the naked eye sometime this summer, per a recent press release. “It’s incredibly exciting to have this front-row seat,” said Dr. Rebekah Hounsell, an assistant research scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. Dubbed T Coronae Borealis or the “Blaze Star,” the celestial event is located 3,000 light years away and is comprised of a white dwarf, an “Earth-sized” remnant of a dead star. The starburst’s mass, meanwhile, is...
  • Earliest Twin Quasars Irradiated Young Universe

    06/19/2024 12:40:54 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 10 replies
    Asia Research News ^ | June 18, 2024 | Staff
    Using the Subaru Telescope and Gemini North telescope, an international team of astronomers including Kavli IPMU (WPI) has found the earliest pair of quasars, monsters shining with intense radiation powered by actively feeding super massive black holes. Figure 1: Twin super massive black holes, HSC J121503.42−014858.7 (C1) and HSC J121503.55−014859.3 (C2), discovered by the Subaru Telescope in the Universe 12.9 billion light-years away. Credit: NOIRLab/NSF/AURA/T.A. Rector (University of Alaska Anchorage/NSF NOIRLab), D. de Martin (NSF NOIRLab) & M. Zamani (NSF NOIRLab) https://www.ipmu.jp/en/20240618-TwinQuasars Using the Subaru Telescope and Gemini North telescope, both located on Maunakea in Hawai`i, an international team of...
  • Scientists say they've found where the sun's magnetic field originates

    06/15/2024 11:31:57 AM PDT · by powerset · 26 replies
    Accuweather (originally from CNN) ^ | 22 May 2024 | Katie Hunt, CNN
    FTA: "The model developed by the team could help scientists better understand the 11-year solar cycle and improve the forecasting of space weather, which can disrupt GPS and communication satellites as well as dazzle night sky watchers with auroras."