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The Voyage around the Erythraean Sea
Silk Road ^ | 2004 | William H. Schoff

Posted on 09/12/2004 7:55:44 PM PDT by SunkenCiv

The Periplus Maris Erythraei (or "Voyage around the Erythraean Sea") is an anonymous work from around the middle of the first century CE written by a Greek speaking Egyptian merchant.  The first part of the work (sections 1-18) describes the maritime trade-routes following the north-south axis from Egypt down the coast of East Africa as far as modern day Tanzania.  The remainder describes the routes of the East-West axis running from Egypt, around the Arabian Peninsula and past the Persian Gulf on to the west coast of India.  From the vivid descriptions of the places mentioned it is generally held that the author himself traveled to nearly all the lands he describes.  The final chapters describe the East Coast of India as far north as the mouth of the Ganges and include reports the author had heard of the uncharted lands beyond.  The author"s pattern is to describe the lengths and conditions of the routes, the key emporiums and anchorage points, the disposition of the locals, and the imports and exports of the region.  Because the annual monsoon winds were the key factor in making the voyage to India the author will at times note the month (in both Greek and Egyptian) in which one should sail from Egypt.

(Excerpt) Read more at depts.washington.edu ...


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KEYWORDS: ancientnavigation; archaeology; caria; carian; carians; circumnavigation; epigraphyandlanguage; erythraean; eziongeber; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; greece; greek; herodotus; history; hurrians; india; kreti; landofpunt; minoan; minoans; navigation; periplus; periplusofhanno; punt; romanempire; romanroads; romantrade; scylax; tarshish
George W. Bush will win reelection by a margin of at least ten per cent.

1 posted on 09/12/2004 7:55:45 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
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To: blam; FairOpinion; Ernest_at_the_Beach; SunkenCiv; 24Karet; 2Jedismom; 4ConservativeJustices; ...
more to come.
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on, off, or alter the "Gods, Graves, Glyphs" PING list --
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The GGG Digest
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2 posted on 09/12/2004 7:56:20 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Unlike some people, I have a profile. Okay, maybe it's a little large...)
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Scylax of Caryanda
by Jona Lendering
Pactyïke was a part of ancient Gandara (eastern Afghanistan) and Caspatyrus, which is not mentioned in other sources, has to be somewhere along the river Kabul. Since Herodotus tells us in the next line that Scylax' expedition was a preliminary to Darius' conquest of the Indus valley, we can date this voyage after 519 -when Darius' rule was secure- and before 512, when India seems to have been part of the Persian empire. Scylax' voyage led him along the Indus, along the shores of the Indian ocean and those of the Persian gulf... He passed Maka (modern Oman) and circumnavigated the Arabian peninsula. We may assume that he had a special interest for the Arabian towns in Yemen, which were famous for the production of incense. After this, he sailed to the north, through the Red Sea, until he reached Suez. In the ancient world, Scylax' fame was great. A naval handbook from the fourth century BCE was published under his name.
The website is a great preliminary source, sort of an online encyclopedia written by Lendering.
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on, off, or alter the "Gods, Graves, Glyphs" PING list --
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3 posted on 09/12/2004 7:58:29 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Unlike some people, I have a profile. Okay, maybe it's a little large...)
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Inscription in Carian and Greek
Anistoriton ^ | 27 Dec. 1997 | (editors)
Posted on 07/17/2004 6:20:07 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-bloggers/1173453/posts


4 posted on 09/12/2004 8:00:31 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Unlike some people, I have a profile. Okay, maybe it's a little large...)
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Tamil Trade
INTAMM ^ | 1997 | Xavier S. Thani Nayagam
Posted on 09/11/2004 8:07:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/1213591/posts


5 posted on 10/30/2004 4:34:45 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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At Empire's Edge:
Exploring Rome's Egyptian Frontier

by Robert B. Jackson
As is often the case at Roman sites in the Eastern Desert, and particularly at those such as Quseir al-Qadim where water was scarce, a large variety of amphorae was present. Some, dating from the first and second centuries A.D., were inscribed with Tamil graffiti in the Brahmi script and likely came from Arikamedu in southern India (not far from the modern town of Pondicherry). These constitute the first Indian Tamil inscriptions ever found in Egypt, and their discovery next to a small iron forge, raises the possibility that a small community of Indian merchants or metalworkers lived at Quseir al-Qadim. As further testimony to Quseir al-Qadim's role in Rome's trade with India, researchers found items typical of the east, for example, teak and cloth made from jute. [pp 82-83]

Pliny the Elder also added a warning: "The subject is one well worthy of our notice, seeing that in no year does India drain us of less than 550,000,000 sesterces giving back her own wares, which are sold among us at fully 100 percent their first cost." Romans were not the only ones to comment on the nature of their trade with India. A Tamil poem from the second or third century A.D. includes the following passage: "The beautiful vessels, the masterpieces of the Yavanas [Westerners], stir white foam on the Periyar, river of Kerala, arriving with gold and departing with pepper." Despite the discovery in southern India of some six thousand silver denarii and gold aurei, which seems to corroborate these statements, scholars disagree about whether such an economic imbalance actually occurred. Certainly the Romans spent vast sums of money on Asian luxuries, but they might also have used a barter system. Roman amphora, pottery, glass, lamps, and other items have been excavated in India, Sri Lanka, and Arabia, and Roman beads (gold or silver, set in glass) have been uncovered in the Rufiji Delta of Tanzania... In addition, the Greek/Egyptian author of Periplus Maris Erythraei (Circumnavigation of the Red Sea) identifies specific places where bartering was or was not possible. [pp 88-89]

6 posted on 10/30/2004 4:35:25 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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http://www.freerepublic.com/~Megalommatis/
The requested document does not exist on this server.

both of these topics have been pulled:

The Periplus of Hanno, King of the Carthaginians,
ed. Megalommatis,
a Book Review
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-bloggers/1156906/posts

The Periplus of the Red Sea,
edition Megalommatis,
a Book Review
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-bloggers/1154520/posts

some related topics:

Bible Accuracy
Christian Courier: Penpoints | Monday, October 14, 2002 | Wayne Jackson
Posted on 01/23/2003 4:28:55 AM PST by calebjosh
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Eusebius' Onomasticon: Geographical Knowledge in Byzantine Palestine
Palestine Exploration Fund | 17 March, 2004, Last modified 30 April, 2004
Joan E. Taylor and Rupert L. Chapman
Posted on 01/01/2005 1:36:08 AM PST by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/1311964/posts


7 posted on 05/01/2005 8:24:28 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (FR profiled updated Monday, April 11, 2005. Fewer graphics, faster loading.)
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Just updating the GGG information, not sending a general distribution.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list. Thanks.
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on or off the
Gods, Graves, Glyphs PING list or GGG weekly digest
-- Archaeology/Anthropology/Ancient Cultures/Artifacts/Antiquities, etc.
Gods, Graves, Glyphs (alpha order)

8 posted on 01/28/2006 9:01:52 PM PST by SunkenCiv (In the long run, there is only the short run.)
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Eusebius' Onomasticon: Geographical Knowledge in Byzantine Palestine
Palestine Exploration Fund | 17 March, 2004, Last modified 30 April, 2004 | Joan E. Taylor and Rupert L. Chapman
Posted on 01/01/2005 1:36:08 AM PST by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/1311964/posts

Tamil Trade
INTAMM | 1997 | Xavier S. Thani Nayagam
Posted on 09/11/2004 8:07:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/1213591/posts

The Periplus of the Red Sea
edition Megalommatis, a Book Review.
The Books | 15/6/04 | Muhammad Shamsaddin Megalommatis
Posted on 06/16/2004 7:33:33 AM PDT by Muhammad Shams Megalommatis
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http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/news/1083750/posts

The Periplus of Hanno, King of the Carthaginians
ed. Megalommatis, a Book Review.
The Books | 19/6/2004 | Muhammad Shamsaddin Megalommatis
Posted on 06/20/2004 10:01:04 AM PDT by Muhammad Shams Megalommatis
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Three Ancient Romanian Maps Bolster Accuracy Of "Persian Gulf" Name (Arabian Gulf?)
Tehran Times | 1-15-2005
Posted on 01/15/2005 4:35:16 PM PST by blam
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1321600/posts


9 posted on 01/28/2006 9:08:47 PM PST by SunkenCiv (In the long run, there is only the short run.)
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10 posted on 05/02/2006 7:36:44 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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· join list or digest · view topics · view or post blog · bookmark · post a topic ·

 
Gods
Graves
Glyphs
Just updating the GGG info, not sending a general distribution.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.
GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother, and Ernest_at_the_Beach
 

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11 posted on 05/25/2009 2:01:41 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/____________________ Profile updated Monday, January 12, 2009)
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
Note: this topic is from September 12, 2004.

This topic was in my browser bookmarks, and needed an update anyway.
I'd like to point out that the recent double-pings are really, really not my fault. My posting methods haven't changed, I've been extra careful, and the problem has been intermittent, so I'd guess that it's something with the server software updates.
As it is more than eight years old, it's possible that it may be of great interest to some who never saw it.

OTOH, since the whole thread consists of my posts, it may just be stupifyingly boring.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


12 posted on 11/11/2012 6:53:17 AM PST by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

Nope, it is very interesting. Thanks for the ping.


13 posted on 11/12/2012 3:55:04 AM PST by 1010RD (First, Do No Harm)
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14 posted on 06/20/2015 11:54:25 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (What do we want? REGIME CHANGE! When do we want it? NOW)
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15 posted on 10/17/2021 8:12:08 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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