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  • Wreckage from the legendary 17th-century Spanish galleon that inspired 'The Goonies' is FOUND off the coast of Oregon after the ship veered off course and vanished en route to Mexico over 300 years ago

    06/17/2022 8:43:13 AM PDT · by C19fan · 34 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | June 17, 2022 | Fiona Jackson
    The race is on for One-Eyed Willy's treasure, as part of the shipwreck of the boat that inspired 'The Goonies' has been found. Marine archaeologists have recovered timbers from the hull of the 17th-century Spanish galleon Santo Cristo de Burgos in sea caves in Oregon, USA.
  • Ancient DNA traces origin of Black Death

    06/16/2022 5:12:23 AM PDT · by FarCenter · 16 replies
    A Silk Road stopover might have been the epicentre of one of humanity’s most destructive pandemics. People who died in a fourteenth-century outbreak in what is now Kyrgyzstan were killed by strains of the plague-causing bacterium Yersinia pestis that gave rise to the pathogens responsible several years later for the Black Death, shows a study of ancient genomes. “It is like finding the place where all the strains come together, like with coronavirus where we have Alpha, Delta, Omicron all coming from this strain in Wuhan,” says Johannes Krause, a palaeogeneticist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in...
  • Black Death origin mystery solved after 675 years, researchers say

    06/15/2022 12:07:53 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 55 replies
    CBS ^ | JUNE 15, 2022 / 11:52 AM | Staff
    A deadly pandemic with mysterious origins: It might sound like a modern headline, but scientists have spent centuries debating the source of the Black Death that devastated the medieval world. Not anymore, according to researchers who say they have pinpointed the source of the plague to a region of Kyrgyzstan, after analyzing DNA from remains at an ancient burial site. "We managed to actually put to rest all those centuries-old controversies about the origins of the Black Death," said Philip Slavin, a historian and part of the team whose work was published Wednesday in the journal Nature. The Black Death...
  • Ancient Tooth Once Belonged to The Mysterious Denisovans, Scientists Think

    05/17/2022 9:50:30 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 17 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | 17 MAY 2022 | JACINTA BOWLER
    Deep in the forests of Laos, in a cave in the Annamite Mountains, lay a single child's tooth. That tooth – an unassuming molar - could be from a mysterious species of human we know little about, and of which few remains are known to exist. "Analyses of the internal structure of the molar in tandem with palaeoproteomic analyses of the enamel indicate that the tooth derives from a young, likely female, Homo individual," researchers write in a new study. The tooth, from the Tam Ngu Hao 2 cave, "most likely represents a Denisovan", the researchers say. Denisovans are an...
  • Stunningly Well-Preserved Arrows With Feathers Revealed By Melting Ice Sheets In Norway

    05/12/2022 12:47:53 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 26 replies
    https://www.iflscience.com ^ | May 12, 2022 | Tom Hale
    Melting ice sheets in Norway have revealed a bunch of incredibly well-preserved arrows from the distant past. The array of arrows was found around the ice patches of the Jotunheimen Mountains in southern Norway during a 2019 expedition by Secrets of the Ice, a team of glacier archaeologists who scour the receded ice sheets for historical relics. One of the most impressive discoveries includes an Iron Age arrow, approximately 1,500-year-old, that was found lodged in the icy ground before being thawed out using lukewarm water. The team described the condition of this arrow as “awesome,” noting that it still had...
  • We Thought We Knew What These Ancient Daggers Were Used For, But We Were Wrong

    05/10/2022 7:09:40 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 56 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | May 10, 2022 | CALLUM MCKELVIE
    The ancient daggers. (Caricola et al., Scientific Reports, 2022) *************************************************************************** Prehistoric daggers long thought to be non-functional ceremonial objects interred in warriors' graves were actually used to slaughter and butcher animals during the early fourth millennium BCE, a new study suggests. Numerous copper-alloy daggers have been unearthed in Bronze Age warriors' graves across Europe, along with other weapons, and archaeologists previously speculated that the daggers may have served as status symbols. But scientists used a new analysis method on a set of 10 daggers, found in Pragatto, Italy in 2017, to reveal evidence that the tools had a more practical...
  • Groundbreaking Study Confirms Pterosaurs Really Did Have Feathers – And That's Not All

    04/20/2022 11:46:33 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 40 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | April 20, 2022 | PETER DOCKRILL
    Artist reconstruction of Tupandactylus imperator. (Copyright Bob Nicholls 2022) For much of the history of paleontology, scientists thought all dinosaurs were covered in scales, like the lizards of today. That was until a spate of discoveries in recent decades revealed many of these marvelous extinct animals sported ancient feathers – just like their later descendants, birds. As for pterosaurs – the flying reptiles that reigned in the sky when the dinosaurs roamed – the issue has never been settled. Were they bald? Did they have feathers too? Scant evidence in the fossil record has never been definitive – until now,...
  • A Surprise Cave Finding Has Once Again Upended Our Story of Humans Leaving Africa

    04/08/2022 6:59:26 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 76 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | 8 APRIL 2022 | MIKE MCRAE
    Bacho Kiro Cave. (Nikolay Doychinov/AFP via Getty Images) Last year, a genetic analysis of bone fragments representing our earliest known presence in Europe raised a few questions over the steps modern humans took to conquer every corner of the modern world. Whoever the remains belonged to, their family background was more entwined with the East Asian populations of their day than with today's Europeans, hinting at a far more convoluted migration for our species than previously thought. Now, researchers from the Universities of Padova and Bologna in Italy have proposed what they think might be the simplest explanation for the...
  • Built by an Unknown Culture, This Is The Oldest Sun Observatory in The Americas

    03/29/2022 6:37:28 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 67 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | 29 MARCH 2022 | CARLY CASSELLA
    Long before the Incas rose to power in Peru and began to celebrate their sun god, a little known civilization was building the earliest known astronomical observatory in the Americas. While not quite as old as sites like Stonehenge, these ancient ruins, known as Chankillo, are considered a "masterpiece of human creative genius", holding unique features not seen anywhere else in the world. Based in the coastal desert of Peru, the archaeological site famously contains a row of 13 stone towers, which together trace the horizon of a hill, north to south, like a toothy bottom grin. 1920px ThirteenTowersOfChanquilloFromFortress The...
  • Salvaged Cape Cod Shipwreck Wood is the 1626 Sparrow-Hawk, Says Study

    03/28/2022 8:51:12 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 25 replies
    .ancient-origins.net ^ | 27 MARCH, 2022 - 23:00 | NATHAN FALDE
    An extensive new analysis published in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports has produced new and impressive evidence supporting the idea that the shipwreck found in 1863 was the Sparrow-Hawk, something shipwreck historians have long believed but were never able to prove. Through the application of techniques that can accurately date wood and trace it to its place of origin, the scientists involved in this study have linked the pieces of timber found on a Cape Cod beach in 1863 to the shipbuilding industry of late 16th and early 17th century England. The 40-foot small pinnace ship that was scuttled...
  • "This is an earthquake in biblical study": 3,200-year-old "curse" from "Cursed Mountain Ebal" [Deut.27] was exposed ['..death blow to all Biblical deniers']

    03/24/2022 10:47:31 AM PDT · by Conservat1 · 111 replies
    YNet ^ | Mar 24, 2022 | Yitzhak Tessler , Elisha Ben Kimon
    A rare archeological find from Mount Ebal: A small, folded 3,200-year-old lead plate sheds new light on biblical study - and was unveiled today (Thursday). Inside it - an ancient curse in ancient Hebrew script ("Proto-Canaanite"), with the God's explicit name [of the Divine]. Prof. Gershon Galil, from the University of Haifa, calls the discovery an "earthquake in biblical studies." He said, "The new find unearthed today is the earliest Hebrew inscription found so far." An inscription was found in Hebrew from the 13th century BC Prof. Galil: "The new finding is a death blow to all biblical deniers" An...
  • We May Have Been Calling Machu Picchu The Wrong Name For Over 100 Years. One of the most famous archaeological sites in the world may be named after a simple misunderstanding.

    03/24/2022 5:58:30 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 78 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | 24 MARCH 2022 | CARLY CASSELLA
    <p>The ancient Incan city we know as 'Machu Picchu' should probably be called 'Picchu' or 'Huayna Picchu', according to a new analysis of historical documents.</p><p>In 1911, when the White American historian and explorer, Hiram Bingham, was first led to the ancient Incan ruins, he asked a local landowner to write down the name of the site in his field journal.</p>
  • Ice Cores Reveal Huge Volcanic Eruptions, Bigger Than Anything in The Last 2,500 Years

    03/21/2022 7:34:30 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 62 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | 20 MARCH 2022 | DAVID NIELD
    Scientists studying ice cores packing in some 60,000 years of history have found signs of thousands of volcanic eruptions across that time, stretching back to the last Ice Age – with 25 of the eruptions larger than anything Earth has seen in the last 2,500 years. Researchers excavated the cores near both poles: in Antarctica (where 737 eruptions were logged) and Greenland (where 1,113 eruptions were found). A total of 85 eruptions were large enough to leave evidence behind at both poles. That evidence takes the form of sulfuric acid deposits left behind by the eruptions. It gives researchers clues...
  • Hundreds of looted ancient relics found in Jerusalem apartment

    03/07/2022 5:12:40 AM PST · by Eleutheria5 · 7 replies
    Arutz Sheva ^ | 7/3/22
    Rare and decorated bone and ivory items from the biblical period and ancient bowls dating back some 1,500 years, bearing spells and incantations in Hebrew, were uncovered in the home of a resident of the Ramat Shlomo neighborhood of Jerusalem, suspected of illegal trade in antiquities. ..... The incantation bowls, known as the “swearing bowls” were used as a kind of amulet in ancient times, and date back to the 8th-4th centuries CE. It was common practice to bury them under the house floor for protection. Inside the bowls, magical inscriptions were written in the Babylonian-Aramaic language. The inscription in...
  • How a 19th-Century Breakthrough Could Revolutionize COVID-19 Diagnosis

    03/03/2022 7:08:32 AM PST · by Red Badger · 16 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | March 3, 2022 | NAEEM RAMZAN, ET AL
    It sounds simple, but to treat someone you suspect has COVID, you need to confirm they are actually infected with the coronavirus. In the UK, it is easy to take this for granted – we've had a reliable detection method for diagnosing infected patients widely available since early on in the pandemic. This allowed for people to be treated and cared for promptly, saving lives. The main technique for identifying whether someone has COVID is called reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction testing – or RT-PCR. This process can tell whether the coronavirus's genetic material is present in a sample taken...
  • Scientists Uncover Largest Known Crater on Earth From The Last 100,000 Years

    03/01/2022 8:06:31 AM PST · by Red Badger · 31 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | March 1, 2022 | NICOLETTA LANESE
    The Yilan crater. (NASA Earth Observatory/Lauren Dauphin/Landsat data/USGS) A crescent-shaped crater in Northeast China holds the record as the largest impact crater on Earth that formed in the last 100,000 years. Prior to 2020, the only other impact crater ever discovered in China was found in Xiuyan county of the coastal province of Liaoning, according to a statement from the NASA Earth Observatory. Then, in July 2021, scientists confirmed that a geological structure in the Lesser Xing'an mountain range had formed as a result of a space rock striking Earth. The team published a description of the newfound impact crater...
  • 9,000-year-old ritual complex found in Jordan desert

    02/23/2022 5:33:33 AM PST · by stockpirate · 26 replies
    France 24 News ^ | 2/23/2022 | Amman (AFP)
    "Archaeologists deep in the Jordanian desert have discovered a 9,000-year-old ritualistic complex near what is thought to be the earliest known large human-built structure worldwide." "The Stone Age shrine site, excavated last year, was used by gazelle hunters and features carved stone figures, an altar and a miniature model of a large-scale hunting trap. The giant game traps the model represents -- so-called "desert kites" -- were made of long walls that converge to corral running gazelles into enclosures or holes for slaughter. Similar structures of two or more stone walls, some several kilometres (miles) long, have been found in...
  • Dino-Sore Throat — First Evidence Of Dinosaur Respiratory Infection Found In A 150 Million Year Old Fossil Called ‘Dolly’ (Extinct from COVID-BC?)

    02/11/2022 4:41:18 AM PST · by C210N · 27 replies
    Forbes ^ | 2/10/22 | Robert Hart
    A long-necked dinosaur that roamed present-day Montana 150 million years ago likely suffered from a respiratory infection, according to a study published in Scientific Reports on Thursday, the first evidence of a respiratory infection in dinosaurs which experts believe could have caused flu-like symptoms including coughing and fever
  • Huge Discovery of 18,000 'Notepads' Documents Daily Life in Ancient Egypt

    02/07/2022 12:05:04 PM PST · by Red Badger · 34 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | Feb. 07, 2022 | CARLY CASSELLA
    Archaeologists have uncovered the largest collection of ancient Egyptian 'notepads' found since the beginning of the 20th century. In the long-lost city of Athribis, in central Egypt, researchers have cataloged more than 18,000 inscribed pieces of pottery, some of which seem to have been written by students. The shards of inked pottery are known as 'ostraca'. Much cheaper and more accessible than papyrus, remnants of broken jars and other vessels were used in ancient Egypt on a daily basis to detail shopping lists, record trades, copy literature and teach students how to write and draw. In fact, a large...
  • A Cosmic Airburst May Have Devastated a Vast Native American Culture 1,500 Years Ago

    02/03/2022 6:16:15 AM PST · by Red Badger · 54 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | February 3rd, 2022 | David Nield
    More than 1500 years ago, a vast culture known as the Hopewell tradition (or Hopewell culture) stretched across what is today the eastern United States. The cause of the culture's decline has long been debated, with war and climate change two of the possibilities, but now a new avenue of inquiry has opened up: debris from a near-Earth comet. Researchers working across 11 different Hopewell archaeological sites covering three states have found unusual concentrations of iridium and platinum in their digging – telltale signs of meteorite fragments. Meanwhile, a charcoal layer in the sediment suggests an intense period of high...