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  • The Famous Fossils Scientists Got Incredibly WRONG

    12/28/2021 6:34:21 AM PST · by Red Badger · 21 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | 28 DECEMBER 2021 | MICHELLE STARR
    The Hallucigenia sparsa. (Caron et al., Proc. Royal Soc. B, 2013) We sort of take for granted the depictions of prehistoric beasties illustrated in the books of our childhood. But piecing together Earth's murky past is a lot harder than it sounds. Scientists have to rely on fragmentary bones, weathered footprints, impressions in rock – these don't always capture the fine details of the complex, living, breathing animal that passed through or died there. Sometimes, while doing this painstaking work, researchers get it wrong. And not just a little wrong! Here are some of our favorite fossil flubs, and what...
  • Brutal Viking Ritual Called 'Blood Eagle' Was Anatomically Possible, Study Shows

    12/20/2021 6:30:40 AM PST · by Red Badger · 59 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | Dec 20, 2021 | LUKE JOHN MURPHY, HEIDI FULLER & MONTE GATES
    Man lying on his belly with another man using a weapon on his back. (Stora Hammar Stone) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stora_Hammars_stones#/media/File:Sacrificial_scene_on_Hammars_(II).png Famed for their swift longboats and bloody incursions, Vikings have long been associated with brutal, over-the-top violence. Between the eighth and 11th centuries, these groups left their Nordic homelands to make their fortunes by trading and raiding across Europe. Particularly infamous is the so-called "blood eagle", a gory ritual these warriors are said to have performed on their most hated enemies. The ritual allegedly involved carving the victim's back open and cutting their ribs away from their spine, before the lungs were...
  • 14 biggest historical mysteries that will probably never be solved ... Will we ever find Cleopatra's tomb or the Ark of the Covenant? Some mysteries may never be resolved.

    12/16/2021 10:59:35 AM PST · by Red Badger · 104 replies
    https://www.livescience.com ^ | DECEMBER 08, 2021 | By Owen Jarus
    There are some historical mysteries that may never be solved, from the date that Jesus was born to the identity of Jack the Ripper to the location of Cleopatra's tomb. Sometimes, that's because the relevant excavated material has been lost or an archaeological site has been destroyed. Other times, it's because new evidence is unlikely to come forward or the surviving evidence is too vague to lead scholars to a consensus. The lack of answers only makes these enigmas more intriguing. Here, Live Science takes a look at 14 of these historical questions that may never have definitive explanations. WAS...
  • Archaeologists uncover oldest Buddha statues ever found in China: 2,200-year-old copper ornaments found during excavation of royal tombs linked to the Eastern Han Dynasty

    12/13/2021 11:53:17 PM PST · by blueplum · 10 replies
    The Daily Mail UK ^ | 13 December 2021 | STACY LIBERATORE
    A pair of newly-discovered 2,200 year-old copper Buddhas statues found in China are the oldest of their kind to be discovered in the country The small figurines were part of a trove of artifacts found among a group of ancient tombs from the Eastern Han Dynasty. One statue, known as Shakyamuni, shows Buddha standing on a platform while dressed in a long cloak and the other is for Five Tathāgatas, which highlights the five great Buddhas. These figurines are 200 years older previous Buddha statues found in China and were fashioned in Gandhara style. That is a style of Buddhist...
  • Archaeologists Dug Up an Old Skeleton. Then They Noticed Something Very Strange author logo

    12/09/2021 8:09:12 AM PST · by Red Badger · 35 replies
    Skeleton 4926, the crucified man. (Albion Archaeology & Adam Williams) Scientists say a skeleton found with a nail through its foot in England is rare evidence of a Roman crucifixion. The skeleton was included in a recent report in British Archaeology magazine, which details findings from a dig of an ancient Roman settlement found in Fenstanton, Cambridgeshire, that dates back to the late first or early second century CE. In one of the five cemeteries uncovered, a skeleton – thought to have been of a man around 25-35 years old at the time of his death – had a nail...
  • Archaeological Evidence Pops Up for Historical Jihad: A gruesome scene unearthed in Lebanon casts the right light on the "religion of peace."

    12/01/2021 7:05:44 AM PST · by SeekAndFind · 8 replies
    American Thinker ^ | 12/01/2021 | Raymond Ibrahim
    A piece of history from the long war between Islam and Christendom was recently unearthed: a mass grave of 25 Crusaders who were attacked from behind and/or beheaded in the thirteenth century. According to one report:A team of international archaeologists uncovered the gruesome scene at Sidon Castle on the eastern Mediterranean coast of south Lebanon. Wounds on the remains suggests the soldiers died at the end of swords, maces and arrows, and charring on some bones means they were burned after being dropped into the pit. Other remains show markings on the neck, which likely means these individuals were captured...
  • This Ancient Human Relative 'Walked Like a Human, But Climbed Like an Ape'

    11/24/2021 7:54:48 AM PST · by Red Badger · 30 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | 24 NOVEMBER 2021 | TESSA KOUMOUNDOUROS
    Sometime between 7-6 million years ago, our primate ancestors stood up and began to walk on two legs. A defining moment along the winding evolutionary roads to becoming human, this is the feature researchers use to distinguish hominins from other apes. Although why it occurred remains an intriguing mystery. By about 2 million years ago, we became fully bipedal, but there were many steps along the path to get us there. Some of these steps still elude our fossil records, but a new study analyzing the remains of a female Australopithecus that researchers nicknamed Issa, has found another. "Issa walked...
  • Ancient Roman Board Game Not As Grim As Archaeologists Suspected

    11/23/2021 11:13:28 AM PST · by Red Badger · 19 replies
    https://www.iflscience.com ^ | NOVEMBER 23, 2021 | Stephen Luntz
    In the 1980s, the board for a game was found scratched onto the second-century stones of a Jerusalem city square, inspiring speculation as to the nature of the game played on it. Many of the ideas proposed have been brutal, reflecting the fact the players were probably soldiers in the occupying Roman Army. However, a new explanation proposes what we are seeing is actually the ancestor of checkers (draughts). The scratchings are located near Hadrian's Gate, built by the Romans to celebrate their crushing of yet another Jewish bid for freedom. In this context, it's understandable some of those looking...
  • 300 million-year-old fossil skeleton in Utah could be the first of its kind

    11/05/2021 11:11:55 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 31 replies
    CNN ^ | November 5, 2021 | By Sherry Liang
    An approximately 300 million-year-old fossil skeleton discovered at Canyonlands National Park in Utah could be the first of its kind, researchers say. © Adam Marsh/National Park Service The fossil discovery at Canyonlands National Park was a rare intact skeleton. The exact species and classification have yet to be determined, but the fossil is a tetrapod -- meaning animal with four legs -- and could be an early ancestor of either reptiles or mammals. Paleontologists have determined the fossil could be anywhere from 295 million to 305 million years old, between the Pennsylvanian and the Permian geologic time periods.
  • Fossil of early hominid child who died almost 250,000 years ago found in South Africa

    11/05/2021 9:49:18 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 34 replies
    NBC ^ | November 5, 2021 | Staff
    The remains were found in a remote part of the cave that suggests the body had been placed there on purpose, said Professor Guy Berger. JOHANNESBURG — The fossil remains of an early hominid child who died almost 250,000 years ago have been discovered in a cave in South Africa by a team of international and South African researchers. The team announced the discovery of a partial skull and teeth of a Homo naledi child who died when it was approximately four to six years old. The remains were found in a remote part of the cave that suggests the...
  • Artificial Intelligence Has Found an Unknown 'Ghost' Ancestor in The Human Genome

    11/04/2021 9:18:43 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 64 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | 25 OCTOBER 2021 | Peter Dockrill
    Denisova Cave in Siberia, Russia (Cheburgenator/ CC-BY-SA-4.0/Wikimedia Commons) =============================================================================== Nobody knows who she was, just that she was different: a teenage girl from over 50,000 years ago of such strange uniqueness she looked to be a 'hybrid' ancestor to modern humans that scientists had never seen before. Only recently, researchers have uncovered evidence she wasn't alone. In a 2019 study analysing the complex mess of humanity's prehistory, scientists used artificial intelligence (AI) to identify an unknown human ancestor species that modern humans encountered – and shared dalliances with – on the long trek out of Africa millennia ago. "About 80,000...
  • The Direct Ancestor to Modern Humans Just Got a New Name, And For a Good Reason

    10/29/2021 7:18:16 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 34 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | October 29, 2021 | CHARLES Q. CHOI
    Artist rendering of H. bodoensis. (Ettore Mazza) Scientists have named a new species that may have been the direct ancestor of modern humans. The newly proposed species, Homo bodoensis – which lived more than half a million years ago in Africa – may help to untangle how human lineages moved and interacted across the globe. Although modern humans, Homo sapiens, are the only surviving human lineage, other human species once roamed Earth. For example, scientists recently discovered that the Indonesian island Flores was once home to the extinct species Homo floresiensis, often known as "the hobbit" for its miniature body....
  • New Clues to Why Human Brains Decreased in Size 3,000 Years Ago

    10/22/2021 9:28:10 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 64 replies
    https://scitechdaily.com ^ | October 21, 2021 | By FRONTIERS
    When and why did human brains decrease in size 3,000 years ago? New study may have found clues within ants. =========================================================================== The brain is the most complex organ in the human body. Now, a new study has brought us closer to understanding some of its evolution. It shows that human brains decreased in size approximately 3,000 years ago. By studying ants as models to illustrate why brains may increase or decrease in size, the researchers hypothesize that brain shrinkage parallels the expansion of collective intelligence in human societies. Studying and understanding the causes and consequences of brain evolution helps us...
  • Archaeologist Claims Mount Sinai Found in Saudi Arabia

    10/05/2021 3:23:41 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 81 replies
    New York Post ^ | October 2, 2021 | Paula Froelich
    Experts believe they’ve finally found one of the holiest sites in the Bible — miles from where it was previously assumed to have existed. A biblical archaeologist organization, The Doubting Thomas Research Foundation, claims it has found the actual mountain where, according to the Old Testament, Moses lead the Israelites – a mountain that was enveloped in smoke, fire and thunder – and where, at the top, Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. But in actuality, the society now claims, Mount Sinai, one of the most sacred places in the Jewish, Christian and Islamic religions, is Jabal Maqla, which...
  • Researchers Discover Evidence of a Major Coronavirus Epidemic 20,000 Years Ago

    10/06/2021 7:35:42 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 25 replies
    https://scitechdaily.com ^ | OCTOBER 4, 2021 | By UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA
    Studying the genomes of modern humans from 26 worldwide populations, researchers discovered the genetic “footprint” of an ancient coronavirus outbreak. Studies like this one could help identify viruses that have caused epidemics in the distant past and may do so in the future. A new study co-authored by a University of Arizona researcher has discovered a coronavirus epidemic broke out in the East Asia region more than 20,000 years ago, with traces of the outbreak evident in the genetic makeup of people from that area. In a paper published in Current Biology, researchers analyzed the genomes of more than 2,500...
  • The Vindolanda Tablets: Letters Home from the Roman Forces in Britain

    10/04/2021 6:04:05 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 35 replies
    https://www.thoughtco.com ^ | Updated March 25, 2019 | By K. Kris Hirst
    Michel Wal / Wikimedia Commons The Vindolanda tablets (also known as Vindolanda Letters) are thin pieces of wood about the size of a modern postcard, which were used as writing paper for the Roman soldiers garrisoned at the fort of Vindolanda between AD 85 and 130. Such tablets have been found at other Roman sites, including nearby Carlisle, but not in as much abundance. In Latin texts, such as those of Pliny the Elder, these kinds of tablets are referred to as leaf tablets or sectiles or laminae—Pliny used them to keep notes for his Natural History, written in...
  • Stunning carvings of human figures and heads are uncovered at Karahantepe - one of the important settlements of the Neolithic period - revealing the artistic skills of people who lived in Turkey 11,000 years ago

    10/04/2021 5:06:42 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 40 replies
    https://www.dailymail.co.uk ^ | UPDATED: 12:53 EDT, 1 October 2021 | By SAM TONKIN FOR MAILONLINE
  • Mysterious Stone Spheres Discovered in Ancient Tomb, But What Were They For?

    09/16/2021 10:45:42 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 54 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | September 16, 2021 | TOM METCALFE
    Two polished stone balls shaped about 5,500 years ago – linked to a mysterious practice almost unique to Neolithic Britain – have been discovered in an ancient tomb on the island of Sanday, in the Orkney Islands north of mainland Scotland. Hundreds of similar stone balls, each about the size of a baseball, have been found at Neolithic sites mainly in Scotland and the Orkney Islands, but also in England, Ireland, and Norway, Live Science previously reported. Some are ornately carved – such as the famous Towie ball discovered in northeast Scotland in 1860 – but others are studded with...
  • New Imaging Reveals Hidden Ice Age Landscapes Buried Deep in The North Sea

    09/10/2021 10:35:51 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 24 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | 10 September 2021 | MICHELLE STARR
    One of the tunnel valleys revealed by the seismic data. (James Kirkham) The hidden scars left on the landscape during ice ages thousands to millions of years ago have now been imaged in spectacular detail. Using a technique called reflection seismology, a team of scientists has imaged enormous gouges carved by subglacial rivers, buried hundreds of meters below the floor of the North Sea. Called 'tunnel valleys', these features can help us understand how frozen landscapes change in response to a warming climate. "The origin of these channels was unresolved for over a century. This discovery will help us better...
  • Huge Find of 400,000-Year-Old Bone Tools Challenges Our Understanding of Early Humans

    09/01/2021 11:40:02 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 45 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | 1 Sep, 2021 | DAVID NIELD
    As far as Lower Paleolithic archaeology goes, this is quite the haul: Experts have uncovered a record 98 elephant-bone tools at a site dating back some 400,000 years. This discovery could change our thinking on how some of the early humans – such as Neanderthals – fashioned implements like these. The bones were collected from a place called Castel di Guido, close to modern-day Rome. In the dim and distant past, it was a popular watering hole for the now-extinct straight-tusked elephant (Palaeoloxodon antiquus), and it looks as though a substantial number of the animals died there too. This newly...