Free Republic 2nd Qtr 2024 Fundraising Target: $81,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $9,078
Woo hoo!! And we're now over 11%!! Thank you all very much!! God bless.

Keyword: epigraphyandlanguage

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • When In Vietnam, Build Boats As The Romans Do

    04/21/2006 11:03:33 AM PDT · by blam · 29 replies · 1,154+ views
    Science Magazine ^ | 3-26-2006 | Richard Stone
    When in Vietnam, Build Boats as the Romans Do Richard Stone INDO-PACIFIC PREHISTORY ASSOCIATION CONGRESS, 20-26 MARCH 2006, MANILA In December 2004, researchers drained a canal in northern Vietnam in search of ancient textiles from graves. They found that and a whole lot more. Protruding from the canal bank at Dong Xa was a 2000-year-old log boat that had been used as a coffin. After a closer look at the woodwork, archaeologists Peter Bellwood and Judith Cameron of Australia National University in Canberra and their colleagues were astounded to find that the method for fitting planks to hull matched that...
  • Prehistoric hunting scenes unearthed in Spanish cave

    05/25/2014 8:52:16 AM PDT · by Renfield · 12 replies
    The Art Newspaper ^ | 5-23-2014 | Belén Palanco
    Antiquities and Archaeology Conservation News Spain Prehistoric hunting scenes unearthed in Spanish cave Threat of vandalism puts ancient paintings at risk By Belén Palanco. Web onlyPublished online: 23 May 2014 A cave painting of a bull, with colours accentuated by archaeologists. Credit: Courtesy of Ines Domingo A series of hunting scenes dating from 7,000 years ago have been found by archaeologists on the six-metre long wall of a small cave in the region of Vilafranca in Castellón, eastern Spain—but it is being kept a secret for now. A layer of dust and dirt covered ten figures, including bulls, two...
  • Romans in Okinawa - Japan? [5:58]

    04/16/2024 9:08:01 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    YouTube ^ | January 7, 2019 | Dr Raoul McLaughlin
    Romans in Okinawa - Japan? | 5:58 | Dr Raoul McLaughlin | 10.4K subscribers | 11,457 views | January 7, 2019The Roman Empire and the Indian Ocean | Raoul McLaughlin | full text PDF | Shiver Me Timbers!
  • The initials on the wall in Pompeii

    04/15/2024 10:29:31 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    BBC News ^ | 4 days ago (April 11, 2024) | unattributed
    Wealthy politician Aulus Rustius Verus owned a house in Pompeii.Archaeologist Dr Sophie Hay explains how he left his mark.BBC [0:47]
  • 'Completely surreal': Metal detectorist unearths 1,500-year-old gold ring in Denmark

    02/22/2024 9:41:16 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    Live Science ^ | February 21, 2024 | Jennifer Nalewicki
    An amateur metal detectorist in Denmark has unearthed a rare gold ring that may have belonged to a previously unknown royal family with ties to the Kingdom of France.Lars Nielsen discovered the large, ornately decorated gold ring, set with a red semiprecious stone, while exploring Emmerlev, a parish in Southern Jutland, Denmark, according to a translated statement. The ring dates to the fifth or sixth century...Researchers at the National Museum of Denmark determined that the piece of jewelry has much "historical significance" and may have belonged to local royalty connected to the Merovingians, a dynasty of Frankish kings who ruled...
  • Roman gold hoard suggests Nordic connection to network of European elite

    04/09/2024 9:11:37 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | April 7, 2024 | Mark Milligan
    A new study, published in the journal Numismatic Chronicle, suggests that the village of Vindelev in Jelling, Denmark, likely had connections to a network of European elite.In 2020, one of the largest gold hoards ever found in Denmark was discovered at Vindelev by a metal detectorist.The hoard consists of 23 gold objects dating to the Migration Period during the Germanic Iron Age (a period seen by some researchers as a prelude to the actual Viking Age), which includes: 13 gold bracteates from the 5th century AD, a granulated gold fitting from a sword or knife, and four mounted Roman medallions...
  • Carvings in Southern Peru May Have Been Inspired by People Singing While Hallucinating

    04/09/2024 3:49:06 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 22 replies
    PHYS.ORG ^ | APRIL 8, 2024 | Bob Yirka
    A pair of archaeologists, one with Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, the other with the University of Warsaw, both in Poland, has found evidence suggesting that rock carvings found in a southern part of Peru may have been inspired by people singing while consuming hallucinogenic plants. In their study, published in the Cambridge Archaeological Journal, Andrzej Rozwadowski and Janusz Wołoszyn analyzed rock carvings found in Toro Muerto. Toro Muerto, ("dead bull" in Spanish) is a rock art complex in South America situated in a desert gorge near the Majes River Valley, spanning 10 km2. It hosts approximately 2,600 volcanic boulders,...
  • The Writing Systems of the World Explained, from the Latin Alphabet to the Abugidas of India

    04/05/2024 6:53:06 AM PDT · by Cronos · 12 replies
    Open Culture ^ | Colin Marshall
    The Korean alphabet, hangul, is “the most scientific writing system.” One often hears that in South Korea, a society that has taken to heart Asia scholar Edwin O. Reischauer’s description of hangul as “perhaps the most scientific system of writing in general use in any country.” But whatever their scientific credentials, all the other writing systems in use (and indeed out of use) have fascinating qualities of their own, a range of which are explained in the UsefulCharts video above on the writing systems of the world — not just the alphabets of the world, mind you, but also the...
  • Is English just badly pronounced French? [18:08]

    04/02/2024 10:05:48 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 75 replies
    YouTube ^ | RobWords
    In this video I respond to the claim that English does not exist, but is instead merely badly pronounced French. I explain just how much the French have influenced our language, but why it is still a distinct, Germanic language.Chapters0:00 Does English exist?0:26 Where English comes from1:14 England's French kings2:12 French words in English4:46 Lingoda6:01 More French words6:49 Different dialects8:41 After the French kings10:42 English words in French12:27 French grammar13:52 H dropping15:19 Poetry17:12 ConclusionIs English just badly pronounced French? | 18:08RobWords | 432K subscribers | 246,530 views | March 30, 2024
  • Why The Ancient Greeks Couldn't See Blue [6:39]

    04/02/2024 9:39:44 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    YouTube ^ | November 24, 2020 | AsapSCIENCE
    Why The Ancient Greeks Couldn't See Blue | 6:39AsapSCIENCE | 10.6M subscribers | 7,637,162 views | November 24, 2020
  • Ancient DNA points to Irish language's 4,500-year-old roots

    06/21/2023 11:11:24 AM PDT · by Prolixus · 16 replies
    THE IRISH NEWS ^ | 18 June, 2023 | John Breslin
    At the start of the week of the Summer Solstice, many will once again marvel at the magnificent structures built across Ireland thousands of years ago, including Newgrange in Co Meath. The structures were built by the descendants of the first peoples that landed on the island in what is believed to be two migratory waves from around 10,000 years ago. Until recently it was argued that much of the population of Ireland was descended from this group of people, mainly from what is now Spain and southern France, with the arrival of the Celts around 500 BC adding what...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day - Medieval Astronomy from Melk Abbey

    03/30/2024 11:19:09 AM PDT · by MtnClimber · 13 replies
    NASA ^ | 30 Mar, 2024 | Image Credit: Paul Beck (Univ. Vienna), Georg Zotti (Vienna Inst. Arch. Science) Copyright: Library
    Explanation: Discovered by accident, this manuscript page provides graphical insight to astronomy in medieval times, before the Renaissance and the influence of Nicolaus Copernicus, Tycho de Brahe, Johannes Kepler, and Galileo. The intriguing page is from lecture notes on astronomy compiled by the monk Magister Wolfgang de Styria before the year 1490. The top panels clearly illustrate the necessary geometry for a lunar (left) and solar eclipse in the Earth-centered Ptolemaic system. At lower left is a diagram of the Ptolemaic view of the Solar System with text at the upper right to explain the movement of the planets according...
  • 2 High School Students Prove Pythagorean Theorem. Here’s What That Means

    04/21/2023 2:30:05 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 56 replies
    Scientific American ^ | April 10, 2023 | Leila Sloman
    At an American Mathematical Society meeting, high school students presented a proof of the Pythagorean theorem that used trigonometry—an approach that some once considered impossibleTwo high school students have proved the Pythagorean theorem in a way that one early 20th-century mathematician thought was impossible: using trigonometry. Calcea Johnson and Ne’Kiya Jackson, both at St. Mary’s Academy in New Orleans, announced their achievement last month at an American Mathematical Society meeting. “It’s an unparalleled feeling, honestly, because there’s just nothing like it, being able to do something that ... people don’t think that young people can do,” Johnson told WWL-TV, a...
  • Incan Counting System Decoded?

    02/03/2004 6:04:59 AM PST · by vannrox · 96 replies · 6,390+ views
    Discovery News ^ | Feb 3 2004 | By Rossella Lorenzi
    Incan Counting System Decoded? By Rossella Lorenzi, Discovery News Learn how to add 9+7 on the yupana abacus. Jan. 29, 2004 ? The Inca invented a powerful counting system that could be used to make complex calculations without the tiniest mistake, according to an Italian engineer who claims to have cracked the mathematics of this still mysterious ancient population. Begun in the Andean highlands in about 1200, the Inca ruled the largest empire on Earth by the time their last emperor, Atahualpa, was garroted by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Long been considered the only major Bronze Age civilization without a...
  • The essence of Vedic mathematics.

    08/31/2004 4:34:53 AM PDT · by sere · 24 replies · 1,129+ views
    MSN Group ^ | n/a | Rupali Patil
    The ancient science of Vedic mathematics may well give calculators a run for their money Does your mind wobble when confronted by a mathematical challenge more forbidding than two plus two? Do you dream of becoming the kind of person who can rattle off answers to the most complicated sums in the fraction of a second? If the answer is yes, you need Vedic mathematics. Try this for size. What's the square of 65? Simple: just multiply the first digit, 6, with its successor, 7. The answer is 42. Now find the square of the second digit, five, which is...
  • Scientists untangle Inca number-strings (Kept Track of Tax Payments)

    08/14/2005 10:47:40 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 20 replies · 760+ views ^ | 11 August 2005 | Andreas von Bubnoff
    Knotted threads carry signs of ancient accountancy.Scientists have picked apart some 500-year-old calculations from the Inca empire. The team deciphered the maths from a series of 'khipus': elaborate structures of coloured, knotted strings. Researchers have long known that the Inca, who lived along the west coast of South America from AD 1400-1532, used such cords to record numbers. But this is the first mathematical relationship found between khipu. And that may help to work out what kind of information they stored. Khipus encode numbers as knots in strings hanging from a cord. The closer a knot is to the cord,...
  • New trigonometry is a sign of the time

    09/18/2005 8:41:47 AM PDT · by cloud8 · 251 replies · 6,170+ views ^ | September 16, 2005
    Mathematics students have cause to celebrate. A University of New South Wales academic, Dr Norman Wildberger, has rewritten the arcane rules of trigonometry and eliminated sines, cosines and tangents from the trigonometric toolkit. What's more, his simple new framework means calculations can be done without trigonometric tables or calculators, yet often with greater accuracy. Established by the ancient Greeks and Romans, trigonometry is used in surveying, navigation, engineering, construction and the sciences to calculate the relationships between the sides and vertices of triangles. "Generations of students have struggled with classical trigonometry because the framework is wrong," says Wildberger, whose book...
  • Celestial And Mathematical Precision In Ancient Architecture

    01/07/2006 3:22:04 PM PST · by blam · 36 replies · 1,631+ views
    Manitoban ^ | 1-7-2006 | Melissa hIEBERT
    CELESTIAL AND MATHEMATICAL PRECISION IN ANCIENT ARCHITECTUREAnd we think we’re advanced MELISSA HIEBERT STAFF Many ancient ruins demonstrate that the people who constructed them had not only a special regard for celestial bodies and mathematics, but also a spot-on accuracy. From Egypt to Mexico, there is no doubt that past civilizations were involved in incredibly complex space calculations, mathematics and architectural endeavours. Although many historians and archaeologists debate exactly what these civilizations did intentionally and what they did by mere chance, here are a few examples of how ancient architecture was created with mathematics and the cosmos in mind. iza...
  • Calculating dogs (dogs use calculus?)

    02/18/2006 2:42:48 PM PST · by T-Bird45 · 49 replies · 1,170+ views
    Science News Onlin ^ | 2/18/06 | Ivars Peterson
    It all started with Elvis. In 2003, mathematician Tim Pennings of Hope College in Holland, Mich., revealed to the world that his Welsh corgi, Elvis, appears to be solving a calculus problem when finding the optimal path to fetch a ball. In this case, optimal path means minimizing travel time. When Elvis and Pennings go to the beach, they always play fetch. Standing at the water's edge, Pennings throws a tennis ball out into the waves, and Elvis eagerly retrieves it. When Pennings throws the ball at an angle to the shoreline, Elvis has several options. He can run along...
  • Calculus Was Developed in Medieval India

    01/21/2008 11:06:27 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies · 86+ views
    Discover ^ | Wednesday, January 9, 2008 | Stephen Ornes
    Two British researchers challenged the conventional history of mathematics in June when they reported having evidence that the infinite series, one of the core concepts of calculus, was first developed by Indian mathematicians in the 14th century. They also believe they can show how the advancement may have been passed along to Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, who are credited with independently developing the concept some 250 years later... historian of mathematics George Gheverghese Joseph of the University of Manchester, who conducted the research with Dennis Almeida of the University of Exeter... says that no one has yet firmly...