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  • Zodiac ‘340 Cipher’ Cracked by Code Experts 51 Years After it Was Sent to the S.F. Chronicle

    12/11/2020 1:16:26 PM PST · by nickcarraway · 42 replies
    San Francisco Chronicle ^ | Dec. 11, 2020 | Kevin Fagan
    The solution to what’s known as the 340 Cipher, one of the most vexing mysteries of the Zodiac Killer’s murderous saga, has been found by a code-breaking team from the United States, Australia and Belgium. The cipher, sent in a letter to The Chronicle in November 1969, has been puzzling authorities and amateur sleuths since it arrived 51 years ago. Investigators hoped the Zodiac, who killed five people in the Bay Area in 1968 and 1969, would reveal his name in one of his many ciphers, but there is no such name in the 340. According to code-breaking expert David...
  • FBI Confirms Zodiac Killer's Infamous 340 Cipher Has Been Decoded, And His Message Finally Revealed

    01/26/2022 6:23:39 AM PST · by Red Badger · 58 replies
    https://www.iflscience.com ^ | December 28, 2021 | James Felton
    James Felton By James Felton 28 DEC 2021, 10:34 The FBI have confirmed that a group of codebreakers have managed to crack the infamous 340 cipher used by the Zodiac Killer over 50 years ago. In the late 1960s, heading into the early 1970s, a serial killer going by the pseudonym "Zodiac" murdered at least five people in California. During his spree, the killer sent taunting messages to the press written through a cipher, where letters are substituted for different letters or numbers (or in the case of the Zodiac killer, a series of symbols). The first letters were sent...
  • The Wreck of the Schooner "WYOMING", the Largest Wooden Ship in History

    01/24/2022 1:51:05 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 78 replies
    YouTube ^ | January 22, 2022 | Part-Time Explorer
    The monstrous coal-hauling Schooner "Wyoming", built by Percy and Small in Bath, Maine, was the biggest wooden ship to sail the seas. On a routine voyage bringing coal to Saint John, New Brunswick, she disappeared.The Maine Maritime Museum has an excellent exhibit on the vessel, showing artifacts, models, and photographs of her.The Wreck of the Schooner "WYOMING", the Largest Wooden Ship in History | January 22, 2022 | Part-Time Explorer
  • 1800-year-old Roman Goddess Venus Statue in Zadar Discovered at Future Hotel Site

    01/23/2022 11:07:25 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 29 replies
    Total Croatia News ^ | 15 January 2022 | Daniela Rogulj
    A statue of the Roman goddess Venus was found on the construction site of a future hotel in the center of Zadar, about a meter high, preserved from the knees to below the chest, made of marble, and about 1800 years old, reports Slobodna Dalmacija. "Academician Nenad Cambi, our greatest expert on antiquity, believes that it is most likely a statue of the goddess Venus. Its full height was about two meters, and it was probably on a pedestal in the atrium of this ancient urban villa where we are now," said Smiljan Gluščević. A statue of the Roman goddess...
  • In Photos: Middle Kingdom mining mission premises unearthed in South Sinai

    01/23/2022 10:08:51 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies
    Ahram Online ^ | Monday 10 Jan 2022 | Nevine El-Aref
    Mostafa Waziri, secretary general of the SCA, said that the Egyptian archeological mission is the first ever to work at the Wadi Al-Nasb site. He added that the uncovered building was used as an administrative centre for the mining teams which headed to Sinai searching for turquoise and copper. Preliminary study indicates that the building was built during the Middle Kingdom and continued to be used with little changes to its interior design during the New Kingdom and then again during the Late Roman period. The mining mission’s premises is located in the center of Wadi Al-Nasb, overlooking the ancient...
  • Part donkey, part wild ass, the kunga is the oldest known hybrid bred by humans: The mysterious equines were bred in Syria 4,500 years ago, likely for use in warfare

    01/23/2022 9:57:09 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    Science News ^ | January 14, 2022 | Glenn Schwartz / Johns Hopkins University
    Meet the kunga, the earliest known hybrid animal bred by people. The ancient equine from Syro-Mesopotamia existed around 4,500 years ago and was a cross between a donkey and a hemippe, a type of Asiatic wild ass, researchers report January 14 in Science Advances. Horses didn’t appear in this region of Asia until 4,000 years ago, centuries after their domestication in Russia (SN: 10/20/21). But dozens of equine skeletons were excavated in the early 2000s from a royal burial complex dating back to 2600 B.C. at Umm el-Marra in northern Syria. The animals, whose physical features didn’t match any known...
  • Ancient Chinese tombs hold remains of warriors possibly buried alive

    01/23/2022 9:44:06 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Live Science ^ | January 19, 2022 | Tom Metcalfe
    The complex of 24 tombs was discovered at an archaeological site within the city of Anyang in Henan province, less than 2 miles (2.4 km) from the UNESCO World Heritage archaeological site of Yinxu at the city's center. The ruins there are from the ancient city of Yin, the capital of the Shang dynasty, which ruled between about 1600 B.C. to 1046 B.C. — the earliest dynasty ever recorded in China. The newfound tomb complex includes several pits that hold war chariots, the remains of horses that drew them and the remains of warriors. Some of the warriors were wearing...
  • Nazi Museum Swamped With Third Reich ‘Attic Finds’

    01/23/2022 12:12:20 AM PST · by nickcarraway · 36 replies
    The Sunday Times ^ | January 21 2022 | Oliver Moody
    Not long after a museum opened on the former Nazi party rally grounds at Nuremberg, locals began turning up in sheepish dribs and drabs with Third Reich memorabilia that had been kept in their families for generations. Over time the collection grew to thousands of books, including numerous copies of Mein Kampf, and hundreds of knick-knacks and relics, ranging from Adolf Hitler action figures to SS dress daggers and a cast-iron eagle with a 10ft wingspan. Now the curators must work out what on earth to do with it all. The Documentation Centre, housed in the north wing of the...
  • Author of 1619 Project Nikole Hannah-Jones Decries 'Propaganda and Inaccurate History'

    01/22/2022 3:41:24 AM PST · by Kaslin · 14 replies
    Townhall.com ^ | January 22, 2022 | Humberto Fontova
    The author of the preposterous 1619 Project seems miffed by the growing grass-roots backlash against the force-feeding of her anti-historical rubbish and it’s offshoots to American schoolchildren. Over in Virginia, for example, Gov. Younkin kicked off his term with an executive order banning Critical Race Theory in Virginia’s public schools. And down in Florida Gov. De Santis is pushing a bill to do much the same. “Many in mainstream media got caught up in the Republican propaganda campaign, which tried to conflate the teaching of a more accurate (italics mine) history, the teaching of structural racism, with trying to make...
  • Rare Old Firm recording dating back to 1907 unearthed by stunned collector

    01/21/2022 4:24:55 PM PST · by nickcarraway · 18 replies
    Daily Record ^ | 22 DEC 2021 | James Moncur
    A record collector has unearthed a super-rare commentary of an Old Firm match dating back to 1907. Shane Quentin was stunned to discover the record in a box of discs he bought at an auction for just six pounds. The 59-year-old, from Carnoustie, has now sent the record to experts to clean up and produce a top notch copy. At present the sound quality is poor and only a few words can be made out. The 'International Zonophone Company' recording is of comedian, Jock Whiteford, getting excited describing a Rangers v Celtic derby back in 1907 with crowd noises in...
  • "Art thou not Sebastian whom I before commanded to be slain with arrows?" ~ A few interesting points about Saint Sebastian's ancient Passio.

    01/21/2022 7:34:58 AM PST · by Antoninus · 36 replies
    Gloria Romanorum ^ | January 20, 2022 | Florentius
    Saint Sebastian is one of the great ancient martyrs of the Roman Catholic Church as well as one of the saints most frequently depicted in artwork down through the centuries. The image of Sebastian tied to a stake, his body riddled with arrows, is one of the most immediately recognizable and jarring images of the ancient martyrs. As with many of the martyrs from the days prior to Constantine, his story has become somewhat muddled. He is mentioned in a homily of Saint Ambrose (On Psalm 118) as having come from Milan. Most of the rest of his biography comes...
  • Oldest surviving straws hint at ancient culture of communal beer drinking

    01/20/2022 9:25:28 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 26 replies
    newatlas.com ^ | January 19, 2022 | Nick Lavars
    A set of lengthy silver and gold tubes dug up from a famous grave in the the Caucuses have been found to represent the oldest surviving drinking straws, with the scientists behind the discovery believing they were used for communal beer consumption. The specimens are 5,000 years old and help deepen our understanding of drinking culture in ancient hierarchical societies. The set of eight tubes was unearthed back in 1987 in the Maikop Kurgan burial mound, a famous grave for Bronze Age elites in the Northern Caucasus. Researchers had since concluded the meter-plus-long tubes to be poles for a canopy,...
  • Archaeologists launch first-ever 'dig' into life on the International Space Station

    01/20/2022 9:02:50 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 14 replies
    npr ^ | VANESSA ROMO
    A group of researchers has launched the first-ever archaeological study of humans in space, observing the lives of the crew living on the International Space Station. The experiment, which will analyze and document the unique "microsociety in a miniworld," began this week with associate professors Alice Gorman from Flinders University in Australia and Justin Walsh of Chapman University in California leading the effort. "We're the first to try to understand how humans relate to the items they live with in space," Walsh said in a statement. He added: "By bringing archaeological perspectives to an active space domain, we're the first...
  • Non-live WWI ammunition round filled with old coins and bills discovered at Michigan home

    10/25/2021 3:02:29 PM PDT · by David Chase · 57 replies
    WXYZ Detroit Scripps Media ^ | October, 25th, 2021 | WXYZ.Com Staff
    WXYZ) — A non-live WWI ammunition round was discovered at a Lansing residence over the weekend containing a hidden treasure trove of old coins and bills, Michigan State Police said on Twitter. According to police, MSP assisted Lansing Police after people cleaning out a family member’s house discovered what appeared to be an ammunition round. Bomb squad reportedly determined it was not a live round. (Pics at source)
  • Bronze Coin Dating Back to Maccabean Revolt Discovered in Jerusalem

    12/21/2016 6:55:59 AM PST · by Eleutheria5 · 33 replies
    A bronze coin that was in circulation in the time of King Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who decreed that the Jews must be annihilated and during whose reign the Maccabean revolt made famous in the Chanukah story took place, has been discovered at the Tower of David archaeological site in Jerusalem. The discovery, made during routine maintenance work, was a surprise to archaeologists working at the Tower of David citadel. The archaeologists believed they had thoroughly excavated the site during the last few decades. Nevertheless, chief conservator Orna Cohen noticed a metal object among the stones of the Hasmonean Wall inside...
  • Rare gold coin with Nero's face found in Jerusalem

    09/16/2016 8:35:08 AM PDT · by NRx · 41 replies
    Christian Today ^ | 09-15-2016 | James Macintyre
    An exceptionally rare gold coin emblazoned with the face of the Roman Emperor Nero dating back to around A.D. 60 has been discovered by archaeologists working on excavations on Mount Zion in Jerusalem. The coin, which archaeologists say most likely came from a Jewish home, was found in the ruins of wealthy villas from the first century A.D. and according to the archaeologist Shimon Gibson "belonged to the priestly and aristocratic quarter located in the Upper City of Jerusalem". Gibson, who is an adjunct professor at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte and part of the team carrying out...
  • Beware Those Hysterical Historians

    01/20/2021 4:05:55 AM PST · by Kaslin · 23 replies
    Townhall.com ^ | January 20, 2021 | Tim Graham
    Liberals love to insist they're on the "right side of history," and their confidence crests in the liberal dominance among historians. Just as the liberal media dominate our evaluation of day-to-day developments, liberals count on their historians to dominate our evaluation of the decades behind us. It's not just historians but our taxpayer-funded storytellers, like the insufferable PBS documentarian Ken Burns. On the day before President-elect Joe Biden's inauguration, NPR's "Morning Edition" presented him as an American treasure with no partisan bias. So, skip over the propaganda film on Ted Kennedy he made for the 2008 Democratic National Convention, which...
  • Vast 4,500-year-old network of 'funerary avenues' discovered in Saudi Arabia

    01/18/2022 9:42:07 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    Live Science ^ | January 2022 | Owen Jarus
    Archaeologists in northwest Saudi Arabia have discovered 4,500-year-old "funerary avenues" — the longest running for 105 miles (170 km) — alongside thousands of pendant-shaped stone tombs.They are called funerary avenues because tombs are located beside them. While funeral processions could have taken place on them this is uncertain. They would have linked oases together and formed an ancient highway network of sorts, the researchers said.Some of the avenues are delineated with red rock, but most "were simply formed as the ground was worn smooth by the footfall of ancient people — and especially by the hooves of their domestic animals,"...
  • King Henry III coin: Rare 765-year-old gold coin discovered in field!

    01/18/2022 7:12:06 PM PST · by RandFan · 49 replies
    BBC ^ | Jan 18 | BBC Newsround
    A metal detectorist has found what is believed to be one of England's earliest gold coins whilst searching farmland in Devon, on his first metal detecting search in over ten years. The find happened last September and at first the man was completely unaware of just how rare the coin was - it's thought to be one of only eight in existence. The coin is now going to be auctioned, and it could sell for as much as half a million pounds! ($670k). The coin is made from gold and depicts King Henry III. It is thought to have been...
  • How cats conquered the world (and a few Viking ships)

    09/21/2016 5:10:09 AM PDT · by SJackson · 78 replies
    Nature,com ^ | 20 September 2016 | Ewen Callaway
    First large-scale study of ancient feline DNA charts domestication in Near East and Egypt and the global spread of house cats. Thousands of years before cats came to dominate Internet culture, they swept through ancient Eurasia and Africa carried by early farmers, ancient mariners and even Vikings, finds the first large-scale look at ancient-cat DNA. The study, presented at a conference on 15 September, sequenced DNA from more than 200 cats that lived between about 15,000 years ago and the eighteenth century ad. Researchers know little about cat domestication, and there is active debate over whether the house cat (Felis...