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Keyword: herodotus

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  • Why is Herodotus called "The Father of History"?

    09/10/2023 6:46:29 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    TED-Ed on YouTube | December 11, 2017 | Mark Robinson
    2,500 years ago, the writing of history as we know it didn’t exist. The past was recorded as a list of events, with little explanation for their causes beyond accepting things as the will of the gods. Herodotus wanted a deeper understanding, so he took a new approach: looking at events from both sides to understand the reasons for them. Mark Robinson explains how "history" came into being.Lesson by Mark Robinson, directed by Remus and KikiWhy is Herodotus called "The Father of History"? - Mark Robinson | 5:02TED-Ed | 19M subscribers | 2,285,551 views | December 11, 2017
  • Archaeologists Reveal First Settlement of Cimmerians in Anatolia

    07/02/2023 7:53:18 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Arkeonews ^ | June 30, 2023 | Leman Altuntaş
    Continuing excavations in Türkiye's central Kirikkale province have revealed new findings indicating that Büklükale village was the first settlement of the Cimmerians, an ancient equestrian nomadic people, in Anatolia...Büklükale is thought to be the first settlement of the Cimmerians in Anatolia. The artifacts shed light on the Cimmerians and reveal evidence of warfare within the constructed fortress. Notably, an image of a person on horseback, an animal motif from the Scythian period, and arrowheads believed to date back to the Cimmerian era, which was used in battles, draw attention...During an interview with Ihlas News Agency (IHA), Kimiyoshi Matsumura said they...
  • So How Far Did The Phoenicians Really Go In The Region?

    02/23/2004 8:55:51 AM PST · by blam · 110 replies · 1,380+ views
    Daily Star ^ | 2-23-2004 | Peter Speetjens
    So how far did the Phoenicians really go in the region?In one of the early adventures of Asterix and Obelix, a Phoenician trade ship takes the world’s funniest Celtic warriors from the Gaul’s last village free from Roman rule to Queen Cleopatra in the land of the Nile. Now, of course this is but an image in a comic book, but still, is it possible that the Phoenicians, generally known as the greatest seafarers of antiquity, actually reached Brittany, or even further? There’s no doubt that Phoenicians were well established all over the Mediterranean. Archeological remains prove they lived in...
  • Did the Romans Know How Old the Pyramids Were?

    08/14/2022 8:31:36 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 39 replies
    YouTube ^ | August 12, 2022 | toldinstone
    The Greeks and Romans were fascinated by the ancient monuments of Egypt. But they weren't sure just how ancient they were.Did the Romans Know How Old the Pyramids Were? | August 12, 2022 | toldinstoneChapters:0:00 Introduction0:56 Ancient history's ancient history2:41 Greeks and Romans in Egypt3:23 Wealthfront4:42 Egyptomania5:15 The Pyramids7:00 Why the Romans were wrong
  • Replica Phoenician ship ends round-Africa journey (Video)

    10/24/2010 2:39:43 PM PDT · by decimon · 23 replies
    BBC ^ | October 24, 2010 | Lina Sinjab
    The replica of a Phoenician ship from 600BC has arrived home in western Syria after a two-year voyage circumnavigating the coast of Africa.
  • The Voyage of Hanno [The Periplus of Hanno]

    02/15/2015 10:41:05 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 34 replies
    Metrum ^ | circa 1979 | Livio Catullo Stecchini
    In describing a volcanic eruption from a high mountain towering over the sea Hanno mentions such details as sulphuric fumes and streams of lava. The only volcanic area in West Africa is represented by Mount Cameroon, which is still active today. It is located at the deepest point of the Gulf of Guinea, where it rises suddenly from the seashore, reaching a height of over 4000 meters... Those who have seen it from the sea consider it one of the most impressive sights in the world. The natives call it Mongana-Loba, "Mountain of the Gods," which well agrees with the...
  • The Voyage around the Erythraean Sea

    09/12/2004 7:55:44 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies · 858+ views
    Silk Road ^ | 2004 | William H. Schoff
    The Periplus Maris Erythraei (or "Voyage around the Erythraean Sea") is an anonymous work from around the middle of the first century CE written by a Greek speaking Egyptian merchant.  The first part of the work (sections 1-18) describes the maritime trade-routes following the north-south axis from Egypt down the coast of East Africa as far as modern day Tanzania.  The remainder describes the routes of the East-West axis running from Egypt, around the Arabian Peninsula and past the Persian Gulf on to the west coast of India.  From the vivid descriptions of the places mentioned it is generally...
  • Tamil Trade

    09/11/2004 8:07:01 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies · 1,393+ views
    INTAMM ^ | 1997 | Xavier S. Thani Nayagam
    Whatever study has been made so far of the Tamil texts side by side with comparable data available in Strabo, Pliny, the Periplus Maris Erythraei and Ptolomey, and with the archaeological and numismatic finds in Southern India, has shown that the Tamil texts contain illuminating corroborative evidence. Discussions of Roman Tamil trade made by Jean Filliozat, Mortimer Wheeler, Pierre Meile, E.H. Warmington and M.P. Charlesworth have taken into consideration the tests interpreted by V. Kangasabai Pillai in his book the "Tamils one thousand eight hundred years Ago". 1904.
  • Write like an Egyptian (Book Review)

    03/05/2022 1:55:22 PM PST · by ProtectOurFreedom · 48 replies
    The New Criterion ^ | March 2022 | John Steele Gordon
    It was the greatest puzzle in the world. For three thousand years the ancient Egyptians covered the walls and ceilings of their temples and tombs with a form of writing known as hieroglyphs. More, the bone-dry climate of Egypt had preserved vast quantities of this hieroglyphic text written on papyrus. And in 1800, no one on earth could read a word of it. When Egypt became Christian in the fourth century A.D., the use of these hieroglyphs, associated with paganism, died out. The last known hieroglyphic inscription was chiseled into stone in the year 394. Within a generation, the last...
  • Warrior’s grave reveals ornate Scythian treasures

    11/23/2021 8:36:28 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | November 19, 2021 | RAS Institute of Archaeology
    Archaeologists excavating a warrior’s grave have discovered Scythian treasures in the Ostrogozhsky District of Voronezh region, Russia.The Scythians were an ancient nomadic people living primarily in the region known as Scythia, which today comprises the Eurasian steppes of Kazakhstan, the Russian steppes of the Siberian, Ural, Volga and Southern regions, and eastern Ukraine.Excavations were conducted by the Don Expedition from the Institute of Archaeology at the Russian Academy of Science, where the researchers have been excavating the Devitsa V necropolis that consists of 19 burial mounds.A study of mound 7 in the centre of the cemetery revealed a wooden tomb...
  • Sailor to recreate Phoenicians' epic African voyage

    03/24/2008 1:41:07 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies · 221+ views
    Stone Pages ^ | Sunday, March 23, 2008 | The Independent
    On the ancient Syrian island of Arwad, which was settled by the Phoenicians in about 2000 BCE, men are hard at work hammering wooden pegs into the hull of a ship. But this vessel will not be taking fishermen on their daily trip up and down the coast. It is destined for a greater adventure – one that could solve a mystery which has baffled archaeologists for centuries. The adventure begins not in Arwad but in Dorset, where an Englishman has taken it upon himself to try to prove that the Phoenicians circumnavigated Africa thousands of years before any Europeans...
  • Rites of the Scythians

    07/09/2016 3:17:30 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Archaeology ^ | Monday, June 13, 2016 | Andrew Curry
    ...As he and his team began to slice into the mound, located 30 miles east of Stavropol... It took nearly a month of digging to reach the bottom. There, Belinski ran into a layer of thick clay that, at first glance, looked like a natural feature of the landscape, not the result of human activity. He uncovered a stone box, a foot or so deep, containing a few finger and rib bones from a teenager... Nested one inside the other in the box were two gold vessels of unsurpassed workmanship. Beneath these lay three gold armbands, a heavy ring, and...
  • Ancient group once considered nomadic stayed local [Scythians]

    03/16/2021 9:14:38 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | March 10, 2021 | University of Michigan
    Scythian-era people lived across Eurasia from about 700 BCE to 200 BCE, and have long been considered highly mobile warriors who ranged widely across the steppe grasslands. Herodotus describes Scythian populations as living in wagons and engaging in raiding and warfare, and this view has persisted throughout history--supported by archeologists' observations of similar styles of horse harnesses, weapons, burial mounds and animal style motifs throughout what is now Ukraine.Because of this, history has lumped the diverse cultures and periods of people in this region as a single "Scythian" identity, even calling it an "empire." But a study including University of...
  • An Analysis of Herodotus in "The Persian Wars": 8. The Battle of Plataia

    06/08/2021 6:17:22 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies
    The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies ^ | 1960 | Professor Livio Catullo Stecchini
    Mardonios had urged the King not to abandon the enterprise even after the debacle at Salamis. According to Mardonios there was a way to invade the Peloponnese even without a ferry and he argued with the King that he could proceed to that invasion the following year if he had 300,000 men, that is, half of the army that had come to Greece in 380 B.C.Mardonios marched with the King's army up to Thessaly and there he went into winter quarters. The following spring he was joined by 40,000 men under Artabazos who had followed the King in his withdrawal...
  • An Analysis of Herodotus in "The Persian Wars": 4. The Battle of Marathon

    06/01/2021 9:44:24 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies ^ | 1960 | Professor Livio Catullo Stecchini
    The Persian plans were intelligently and carefully conceived, as they usually were, but they were foiled by the genius of Miltiades who followed the military maxim pour les vaincre il faut de l'audace, encore de l'audace, toujours de l'audace. The Persians knew that after the withdrawal of the cavalry they were exposed to an Athenian attack, but they must have calculated that if this attack was launched they could embark their infantry and sail off before the Athenians reached the shore. At a normal pace it would take about 15 or 20 minutes for the Athenian hoplite formation to advance...
  • Discovery of the ruined temple in the ancient sunken city of Heracleion, Egypt

    12/14/2020 8:21:19 AM PST · by PAUL09 · 14 replies
    ANCIENT ARCHEOLOGY ^ | 14-12-2020 | PAUL
    Archaeologists researching on an underwater diving project, stumbled over an ancient underwater temple claimed as Heracleion’s ‘Egyptian Atlantis’ and probably have found a destroyed ancient Greek temple and treasure-laden vessels which might have sunken into the sea due to floods and tsunami 1,200 years back.
  • 10 Mysterious Underwater Cities You Haven't Heard Of

    12/14/2014 3:38:25 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 48 replies
    Listverse ^ | August 5, 2013 | Andrew Handley
  • New astonishing finds in Aboukir!

    01/30/2004 6:53:55 AM PST · by vannrox · 3 replies · 697+ views
    Hilti Foundation ^ | Mission Report 2003 (FR post 24 JAN 04) | Editorial Staff - Franck Goddio
    Alexandria, January 2004. The 2003 joint Aboukir Bay research mission of the Department of Underwater Archaeology of the Supreme Council of Antiquities and the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology (IEASM) led by Franck Goddio has brought to light scientific results of great historic interest. On the site of the sunken city of Heracleion, discovered in May 2001, archaeological excavations performed around the temple of Heracles have enabled to define the topography of the surroundings of the sanctuary. In this monument a cult to the supreme pharaohnic deity Amon and to his son Konshu (respectively Zeus and Heracles for the Greeks)...
  • The Oldest Circumcision in the World {2400 BC, Egypt}

    09/24/2020 9:08:51 AM PDT · by Cronos · 52 replies ^ | 2016 | Zachary Solomon
    In Saqqara, in Ankhmahon’s tomb, Visir of the Pharaoh Teti Dynasty (c. 2345 BCE) there is a bas-relief with a representation of circumcision. Below is a papyrus illustrating the operation in vivid color. Have you ever wondered what the oldest illustration of a circumcision looked like? Of course you haven’t, but we’ll tell you anyway. A bas-relief—a type of sculptural technique in which the sculpted elements remain attached to their background—dating back to 2,400 BCE and depicting two men being circumcised was found in an Egyptian tomb built for Ankhmahor, a high-ranking official during the sixth dynasty of Egypt. The...
  • The Garamantes

    07/17/2020 1:05:10 AM PDT · by texas booster · 19 replies
    The Ancient Blogger ^ | 8 May 2020 | Ancient Blogger
    The Fezzan is an area of approximately 212,000 square miles of unforgiving desert and valleys. Situated in the south west of modern day Libya it’s not an area you’d easily traverse, let alone live in. Yet in the 1st millennium BCE a people did exactly that. They created art, irrigated the baked earth and sustained a culture. One of the earliest surviving references to the Garamantes is found in Herodotus’ Histories, written in the 5th century BCE[1]. Herodotus’ description was contradictory, they had no weapons, but they hunted a cave dwelling tribe nearby using chariots. He also went on to...