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Keyword: archaeology

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  • Unravelling the mystery of just how BIG Angkor Wat was: Ancient capital in Cambodia had up to 900,000 inhabitants before being abandoned in 1431 AD, study suggests

    05/08/2021 3:56:08 AM PDT · by C19fan · 16 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | May 7, 2021 | Ryan Morrison
    The ancient Cambodian capital of Angkor Wat, had a staggering 900,000 inhabitants before it was abandoned in 1431, according to a new study. An international team, led by the University of British Columbia, examined three decades of data to create a demographic model of the Medieval city. Their model revealed that the capital of the long-gone Khmer Empire housed between 700,000 and 900,000 people during its zenith in the 13th century.
  • Cuneiform clay tablet translated for the first time

    04/04/2008 5:49:18 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 38 replies · 238+ views
    www.physorg.com ^ | 03/31/2008 | Staff
    A cuneiform clay tablet that has puzzled scholars for over 150 years has been translated for the first time. The tablet is now known to be a contemporary Sumerian observation of an asteroid impact at Köfels, Austria and is published in a new book, 'A Sumerian Observation of the Köfels' Impact Event.' The giant landslide centred at Köfels in Austria is 500m thick and five kilometres in diameter and has long been a mystery since geologists first looked at it in the 19th century. The conclusion drawn by research in the middle 20th century was that it must be...
  • Researchers: Asteroid Destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah

    03/31/2008 4:48:42 PM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 39 replies · 661+ views
    FOX NEWS ^ | March 31,2008 | Lewis Smith
    A clay tablet that has baffled scientists for 150 years has been identified as a witness's account of the asteroid suspected of being behind the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. Researchers who cracked the cuneiform symbols on the Planisphere tablet believe that recorded an asteroid thought to have been more than half a mile across. The tablet, found by Henry Layard in the remains of the library in the royal place at Nineveh in the mid-19th century, is thought to be a 700 B.C. copy of notes made by a Sumerian astronomer watching the night sky. He referred to the...
  • Clay tablet holds clue to asteroid mystery

    03/30/2008 8:33:39 PM PDT · by bruinbirdman · 52 replies · 2,124+ views
    The Telegraph ^ | 3/31/2008 | Nic Fleming
    British scientists have deciphered a mysterious ancient clay tablet and believe they have solved a riddle over a giant asteroid impact more than 5,000 years ago. Geologists have long puzzled over the shape of the land close to the town of Köfels in the Austrian Alps, but were unable to prove it had been caused by an asteroid. Now researchers say their translation of symbols on a star map from an ancient civilisation includes notes on a mile-wide asteroid that later hit Earth - which could have caused tens of thousands of deaths. The circular clay tablet was discovered 150...
  • One of the biggest Iron Age weapon hoards in western Germany unearthed

    04/26/2021 2:04:44 PM PDT · by Sawdring · 52 replies
    Phys.org ^ | 4/26/2021 | Bob Yirka
    A team of researchers with the Westfalen-Lippe Landscape Association revealed during a presentation in the city of Schmallenberg that one of the largest hoards of Iron Age weapons in western Germany had been unearthed at a nearby dig site on a small mountain in Wilzenberg. In their press release, the researchers note that they found approximately 100 Celtic Iron Age artifacts—primarily through the use of a metal detector.
  • New research uncovers continental crust emerged 500 million years earlier than thought

    04/26/2021 11:55:18 PM PDT · by LibWhacker · 25 replies
    Phys.org ^ | 4/26/2021 | Sarah Derouin
    The first emergence and persistence of continental crust on Earth during the Archaean (4 billion to 2.5 billion years ago) has important implications for plate tectonics, ocean chemistry and biological evolution. This happened about a half-billion years earlier than previously thought, according to new research being presented at the EGU General Assembly 2021.Once land becomes established through dynamic processes like plate tectonics, it begins to weather and add crucial minerals and nutrients to the ocean. A record of these nutrients is preserved in the ancient rock record. Previous research used strontium isotopes in marine carbonates, but these rocks are usually...
  • The US' Lost, Ancient Megacity

    04/18/2021 9:25:23 AM PDT · by PghBaldy · 28 replies
    BBC ^ | 13 April | Jen Rose Smith
    Pity the event planners tasked with managing Cahokia's wildest parties. A thousand years ago, the Mississippian settlement – on a site near the modern US city of St Louis, Missouri – was renowned for bashes that went on for days. Throngs jostled for space on massive plazas. Buzzy, caffeinated drinks passed from hand to hand. Crowds shouted bets as athletes hurled spears and stones. And Cahokians feasted with abandon: burrowing into their ancient waste pits, archaeologists have counted 2,000 deer carcasses from a single, blowout event. The logistics must have been staggering.
  • A New geological study shows that the great sphinx of Giza is 800,000 Years old

    03/28/2021 9:08:58 AM PDT · by PAUL09 · 100 replies
    ANCIENT ARCHEOLOGY ^ | 28-03-2021 | chris
    A New geological study shows that the great sphinx of Giza is 800,000 Years old The Great Sphinx on the Giza plateau in Egypt is one of the most mysterious and enigmatic monuments on the planet’s surface. It is an ancient structure that has baffled investigators since its discovery, and no one has been able to accurately date the Sphinx because there are no written records or reports of it in the past. Now, two Ukrainian researchers have suggested a new controversial theory, claiming that the Great Sphinx of Egypt is about 800,000 years old. A scientifically based revolutionary theory....
  • Historical Discovery Revives Wild Theories About Aliens in Ancient China

    03/24/2021 10:31:15 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 9 replies
    AsiaOne ^ | MARCH 24, 2021 | Qin Chen
    A major discovery of a gold mask alongside a treasure trove of artefacts at a Bronze Age site in China has generated online debate about whether there were once aliens in China thousands of years ago. The gold mask, possibly worn by a priest, along with more than 500 artefacts in Sanxingdui, a Bronze Age site in central Sichuan province, have become the talk of China since the news broke on Saturday The mask is similar to previous discoveries of bronze human statues, however, the inhuman and foreign features of the finds have triggered speculation they may belong to a...
  • Scientists Find 500-Million-Year-Old Fossilized Brain

    03/26/2021 5:12:51 AM PDT · by PAUL09 · 33 replies
    ANCIENT ARCHEOLOGY ^ | 26-03-2021 | chris
    Scientists Find 500-Million-Year-Old Fossilized Brain The discovery of new evidence supports the previous speculation on 520 million-year-old human-old brain systems, provoking thoughts about the nature of brains, life, and intelligence in the cosmos. Soft, squishy, and delicate; brain and nervous system tissues maybe some of the worst candidates for preservation in the fossil record. In past years the best examples of the ancient brain and nerve structures have come from creatures trapped and preserved in amber that was a couple of hundred million years old. But a few years ago paleontologists claimed to have found evidence of brain structures in...
  • Ancient Native Americans were among the world’s first coppersmiths (Wisconsin)

    03/21/2021 8:16:36 AM PDT · by Diana in Wisconsin · 35 replies
    Sciencemag.org ^ | March 19, 2021 | David Malakof
    About 8500 years ago, hunter-gatherers living beside Eagle Lake in Wisconsin hammered out a conical, 10-centimeter-long projectile point made of pure copper. The finely crafted point, used to hunt big game, highlights a New World technological triumph—and a puzzle. A new study of that artifact and other traces of prehistoric mining concludes that what is known as the Old Copper Culture emerged, then mysteriously faded, far earlier than once thought. The dates show that early Native Americans were among the first people in the world to mine metal and fashion it into tools. They also suggest a regional climate shift...
  • Israeli experts uncover Dead Sea Scrolls for first time in 60 years: The significance of the find, explained

    03/23/2021 8:46:07 AM PDT · by PAUL09 · 23 replies
    ANCIENT ARCHEOLOGY ^ | 23-03-2021 | chris
    Israeli experts uncover Dead Sea Scrolls for first time in 60 years: The significance of the find, explained Around 80 new fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in excavations in the Judean Desert, according to Israeli archaeologists. About 132 and 136 A.D., they were most likely hidden during a Jewish revolt against Rome. Israeli archaeologists reported the discovery of dozens of Dead Sea Scroll fragments bearing a biblical text in a desert cave, thought to have been hidden nearly 1,900 years ago during a Jewish revolt against Rome. According to the Israel Antiquities Authority, the fragments of parchment...
  • Discovery of Biblical Scrolls Shows Importance of Greek Old Testament, Scholar Says

    03/21/2021 6:13:57 PM PDT · by marshmallow · 6 replies
    Catholic News Agency ^ | 3/19/21 | Jonah McKeown
    Denver Newsroom, Mar 19, 2021 / 03:01 am MT (CNA).- Israeli archaeologists announced this week the discovery of several new sets of Dead Sea Scrolls— ancient fragments of biblical text that have, for the past 70 years, contributed to scholars’ knowledge about the Old Testament. The new scroll fragments, which the Israeli Antiquities Authority announced March 16, include the books of Zechariah and Nahum, both minor prophets. Dr. John Bergsma, professor of theology at Franciscan University of Steubenville who has written and spoken extensively on the Dead Sea Scrolls, told CNA that an interesting feature of the scrolls recently found...
  • Dead Sea scroll discovery brings tantalizing prospect of more yet to be found

    03/17/2021 11:52:46 AM PDT · by Olog-hai · 29 replies
    Times of Israel ^ | 16 March 2021, 5:26 pm | Amanda Borschel-Dan
    On a day that saw the Israel Antiquities Authority unveil the first Bible scroll fragments found in decades and numerous other dazzling artifacts from the “Cave of Horror” above the Dead Sea — including a huge 10,500-year-old complete woven basket, the oldest in the world — perhaps the most extraordinary news is that there are another 20 promising caves, holding untold potential treasures, that have yet to be excavated. That means the dozens of fragments shown to the public on Tuesday could mark the beginning of an exciting new era of discovery, 60 years after the last major scroll finds....
  • Israeli archaeologists discover biblical scroll fragments for the first time in 60 years

    03/18/2021 7:46:20 AM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 4 replies
    Christian Post ^ | 03/18/2021 | Brandon Showalter
    Dozens of 2,000-year-old fragments from scrolls containing portions of the books of Nahum and Zechariah have been unearthed in Israel, an extremely rare discovery in the Judean Desert. The Israel Antiquities Authority announced the discovery of the uncovered fragments on Tuesday. They are the first of such discoveries in approximately 60 years. The Dead Sea Scrolls are fragments of religious manuscripts that were originally found in the Judaean Desert decades ago. The newly discovered fragments are Greek translations of the two minor prophets. Despite most of the fragments being in Greek, the name of God is written in Hebrew. The...
  • Israeli archeologists discover new Dead Sea Scrolls for first time in 60 years

    03/16/2021 3:48:44 AM PDT · by Libloather · 23 replies
    TEL AVIV - Israeli archeologists on Tuesday revealed dozens of recently-discovered fragments of biblical texts, known as the Dead Sea Scrolls, which build on a collection of ancient Jewish religious manuscripts that was first discovered 60 years ago. Israel’s Antiquities Authorities said that the pieces of parchment feature lines of Greek text from the books of Zechariah and Nahum which have been radiocarbon dated to the 2nd century A.D. The discovery is the result of a years-long Israeli excavation in the Judean Desert and are believed to belong to a set known as “The Cave of Horror,” named for the...
  • In a Remarkable Find, Archaeologists Exploring the ‘Cave of Horror’ in Israel Have Discovered a New Dead Sea Scroll

    03/16/2021 5:48:17 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 21 replies
    Artnet News ^ | March 16, 2021 | Sarah Cascone
    They also discovered a partially mummified 6,000-year-old skeleton of a child.For the first time in 60 years, archaeologists have discovered a new fragment of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a cache of ancient Jewish and Hebrew religious manuscripts uncovered in the Qumran Caves on the northern shore of the Dead Sea. The Israel Antiquities Authority, which carried out the excavations, believes the new scroll, written in Greek, is actually a missing part of the “Book of the 12 Minor Prophets” scroll, first discovered in 1961. It contains verses from Zechariah 8:16-17 and Nahum 1:5-6. The minor differences in the wording compared...
  • Bible scroll from Bar Kochba era discovered in Judean Desert

    03/16/2021 4:27:19 AM PDT · by Eleutheria5 · 15 replies
    Arutz Sheva ^ | 16/3/21
    “These are the things you are to do: Speak the truth to one another, render true and perfect justice in your gates. And do not contrive evil against one another, and do not love perjury, because all those are things that I hate—declares the Lord.” These verses, from Zechariah 8:16–17, were discovered in a cave where Jewish refugees hid almost 1900 years ago. The verses, written on dozens of parchment fragments were discovered in a complex and challenging national-archaeological operation undertaken by the Israel Antiquities Authority on the cliffs of the Judean Desert, since 2017, in order to prevent antiquities...
  • Melting glacier sheds light upon hidden Viking era artifacts in Norway dated back to 300 AD

    03/15/2021 8:54:51 AM PDT · by PAUL09 · 54 replies
    ANCIENT ARCHEOLOGY ^ | 15-12-2020 | paul
    The tremendous melting of the glaciers resulted in some recent archaeological discoveries revealing several well preserved historical objects, and one of these remarkable finds is the discoveries of artifacts from the Viking era on the hills that were once used for transportation purposes dated back to 300 A.D. as per the study. More glacial melt, although a disturbing factor of a much larger global warming effect, has provided ample shreds of evidence and remains of the age-old objects for today’s generation advantageously. Artifacts from ancient time have been uncovered by ice patches which melted off the slopes of a rugged...
  • Kailash Temple, a 1200 years old Hindu temple, carved from a single rock in Ellora

    03/10/2021 3:51:48 AM PST · by PAUL09 · 15 replies
    ANCIENT ARCHEOLOGY ^ | 19-12-2020 | paul
    Kailash Temple is the world’s largest monolithic masterpiece in Ellora, Maharashtra, India. The magnificent structure was carved by skilled craftsmen from a single piece of solid rock in a cave on a mountainside. It took more than two decades to construct the entire building. Table of Contents ABOUT THE TEMPLE ORIGIN ARCHITECTURE Kailash TempleThe Kailasa Temple in Ellora, India( image source ) ABOUT THE TEMPLE Generation after generation of people is always fascinated by the architecture of the Ancient world. Whether it’s the Pyramids of Egypt, the magnificent examples of Roman architecture, or the splendor of the Oriental Temples, these...