Skip to comments.Sacred Precincts: A Tartessian Sanctuary in Ancient Spain
Posted on 12/11/2004 9:20:39 PM PST by SunkenCiv
When the Phoenicians arrived on the Iberian peninsula, probably at the end of the ninth century B.C., they came into contact with an indigenous people called the Tartessians... The structure at Cancho Roano... was not a palace at all; it was simply a Tartessian sanctuary, which over time became influenced by Phoenician culture. Scholars have only recently begun to separate Tartessian history from myth. When the Greeks reached the Iberian peninsula a few centuries after the Phoenicians, they called the land Tartessos... According to the fifth-century B.C. historian Herodotus, Tartessian civilization was discovered accidentally by a Greek named Kolaios, who became extremely rich as a result of his trade with the Tartessians... From Herodotus, we also learn of a legendary Tartessian king named Arganthonius, who welcomed the Greek merchants with rich gifts. A number of other ancient works also make reference to Tartessos. One of them, Ora Maritima, a tantalizing Latin account of Phoenician travelers who explored the Atlantic coast up to Ireland and Britain, was written in the late fourth century A.D. by the Roman fabulist Avienus, who apparently based his text on a sixth-century B.C. Punic periplus... Exactly when the Phoenicians arrived remains in question. According to ancient sources, such as Strabo (c. 60 B.C.-21 A.D.) and Pliny (23-79 A.D.), they arrived in the late 12th century B.C. and laid the foundations of sites such as Cadiz (Gadir) and Utica. But archaeological excavations at these sites have not uncovered remains earlier than the eighth century B.C. [footnote: The same problem exists at Carthage: According to tradition, Carthage was founded in 814 B.C., but no Phoenician remains as early as this have been discovered.]
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"Ancient civilizations" bump.
oops, a typo:
"In fact, the reference to the 'marvellous walls' immediately brought those (much later) New World walls made of stones, laid dry, with cracks that remain too tight to insert a blade."
"In fact, the reference to the 'marvellous walls' immediately brought to mind those (much later) New World walls made of stones, laid dry, with cracks that remain too tight to insert a blade."
That quote about blocks of stone laid so tightly in walls that you can't insert a knife blade evidently struck a chord. You hear present day archeologists say that from time to time at sites in Greece.
Our history lays buried in the ground, we just have to dig it back out!
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Note: this topic was posted 12/12/2004.One of *those* topics.
When you read this stuff it becomes apparent that a whole lot of very basic things changed fundamentally in the first millennium BC —that set it off from the second third fourth and fifth millenniums.
That is the first millennium BC is the dawn of time/civilization as we know it.
The navigation of the Mediterranean resumed and/or kicked up a notch, for one thing. In the western Med the Phoenicians and their buddies the Etruscans took over from the earlier Mycenaean Greeks, and were a few centuries later trying to cope with or accommodate classical Greek colonists, and then just a few hundred years later, with the Romans.
Periplus of Hanno
The Voyage of Hanno
A Carthaginian Exploration of the West African Coast
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