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Keyword: yaws

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  • Skeletons point to Columbus voyage for syphilis origins

    12/20/2011 1:17:42 PM PST · by decimon · 68 replies
    Emory University ^ | December 20, 2011
    More evidence emerges to support that the progenitor of syphilis came from the New WorldSkeletons don't lie. But sometimes they may mislead, as in the case of bones that reputedly showed evidence of syphilis in Europe and other parts of the Old World before Christopher Columbus made his historic voyage in 1492. None of this skeletal evidence, including 54 published reports, holds up when subjected to standardized analyses for both diagnosis and dating, according to an appraisal in the current Yearbook of Physical Anthropology. In fact, the skeletal data bolsters the case that syphilis did not exist in Europe before...
  • Syphilis widespread in Central Europe even before Columbus' voyage to America

    11/23/2015 9:54:22 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    Journal of Biological and Clinical Anthropology via Health Canal ^ | November 19, 2015 | Johanna Sophia Gaul, Karl Grossschmidt, Christian Gusenbauer and Fabian Kanz
    In 1495, a "new" disease spread throughout Europe: syphilis. Christopher Columbus was said to have brought this sexually transmitted disease back from his voyage to America. At least, that has been the accepted theory up until now. Using morphological and structural evidence, researchers from the Department of Forensic Medicine and the Center for Anatomy and Cell Biology (bone laboratory) at MedUni Vienna have now identified several cases of congenital syphilis dating back to as early as 1320 AD in skeletons from excavations at the cathedral square of St. Polten, Austria... Congenital syphilis, which is passed from a pregnant mother to...
  • Medieval DNA suggests Columbus didn't trigger syphilis epidemic in Europe

    08/17/2020 8:50:11 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    ScienceMag.org ^ | August 13, 2020 | Charlotte Hartley
    Researchers have long clashed over the circumstances of the 1495 European syphilis epidemic. The so-called Columbian theory posits that Columbus and his crew carried the bacterium, or an earlier progenitor of it, when they returned to Europe in 1493 after their American journey. Skeletons of Native Americans who died prior to Columbus's arrival show bone lesions from Treponemal diseases, including yaws and bejel, and some researchers suspect syphilis was also present. However, other researchers believe syphilis itself circulated in Europe for centuries and became more virulent in the late 1400s. They point to a growing body of archaeological evidence: skeletal...
  • Study Reveals Just How Bad Syphilis Got in London in The Late 18th Century

    07/14/2020 9:30:21 AM PDT · by C19fan · 42 replies
    ScienceAlert ^ | July 11, 2020 | David Nield
    As many as one in five Londoners had syphilis by their mid-30s during the late 18th century, according to a detailed new study on the sexually transmitted infection (STI) and its spread in the capital of the United Kingdom. Researchers used data from hospital admissions and workhouse infirmaries to reach their figures, making allowances for duplicate records, private treatments, and the possibility of syphilis numbers getting mixed in with other diseases like gonorrhea or chlamydia. The findings show a much higher incidence in London than elsewhere in the country at the time – other studies show 'the pox' was half...
  • The Worst Diseases in Shakespeare's England

    03/28/2020 3:42:39 PM PDT · by CondoleezzaProtege · 13 replies
    Shakespeare Online ^ | Aug 2000 | Amanda Mabillard
    From a disease standpoint, Shakespeare was living in arguably the worst place and time in history. Shakespeare's overcrowded, rat-infested, sexually promiscuous London, with raw sewage flowing in the Thames, was the hub for the nastiest diseases known to mankind. Here are the worst of the worst. 1. Plague It is little surprise that the plague was the most dreaded disease of Shakespeare's time. Carried by fleas living on the fur of rats, the plague swept through London in 1563, 1578-9, 1582, 1592-3, and 1603 (Singman, 52). The outbreaks in 1563 and 1603 were the most ferocious, each wiping out over...
  • A New Skeleton and an Old Debate About Syphilis

    02/19/2016 8:53:01 AM PST · by C19fan · 13 replies
    Atlantic ^ | February 18, 2016 | Cari Romm
    In June 1495, the Italian historian Niccolo Squillaci wrote a letter describing a horrific disease that was sweeping through Europe. “There are itching sensations, and an unpleasant pain in the joints; there is a rapidly increasing fever,” he wrote. “The skin is inflamed with revolting scabs and is completely covered with swellings and tubercules, which are initially of a livid red color, and then become blacker.” And, tellingly, “It most often begins with the private parts.”
  • Henry VIII’s erratic behavior was likely caused by an NFL-style injury, argue Yale researchers

    02/06/2016 1:17:28 PM PST · by beaversmom · 87 replies
    Phys ^ | February 3, 2016 | Bill Hathaway
    Did Henry VIII suffer same brain injury as some NFL players? February 3, 2016 by Bill Hathaway Henry VIII may have suffered repeated traumatic brain injuries similar to those experienced by football players and others who receive repeated blows to the head, according to research by a Yale University expert in cognitive neurology. Traumatic brain injury explains the memory problems, explosive anger, inability to control impulses, headaches, insomnia—and maybe even impotence--that afflicted Henry during the decade before his death in 1547, according to a paper published online the week of Feb. 1."It is intriguing to think that modern European history...
  • Solving the puzzle of Henry VIII

    03/03/2011 12:38:11 PM PST · by decimon · 67 replies
    Southern Methodist University ^ | March 3, 2011 | Unknown
    Could blood group anomaly explain Tudor king's reproductive problems and tyrannical behavior?DALLAS (SMU) – Blood group incompatibility between Henry VIII and his wives could have driven the Tudor king's reproductive woes, and a genetic condition related to his suspected blood group could also explain Henry's dramatic mid-life transformation into a physically and mentally-impaired tyrant who executed two of his wives. Research conducted by bioarchaeologist Catrina Banks Whitley while she was a graduate student at SMU (Southern Methodist University) and anthropologist Kyra Kramer shows that the numerous miscarriages suffered by Henry's wives could be explained if the king's blood carried the...
  • Skeleton dating clears Columbus of importing syphilis to Europe

    10/25/2010 5:12:35 AM PDT · by Palter · 17 replies
    The Australian ^ | 25 Oct 2010 | Jack Malvern
    The question of whether Christopher Columbus and his crew were responsible for bringing syphilis to Europe from the Americas appears to have been answered by the discovery of a collection of knobbly skeletons in a London cemetery. A popular theory among experts in tropical diseases is that outbreaks of syphilis in the mid-1490s were a direct result of Columbus and his randy crew returning from their first voyage across the Atlantic in 1492-93. However, the largest excavation of skeletons undertaken in Britain has unearthed seven that suggest the disease was known in England up to two centuries before that. Archaeologists...
  • New study blames Columbus for syphilis spread

    01/14/2008 5:31:47 PM PST · by Sub-Driver · 67 replies · 228+ views
    New study blames Columbus for syphilis spread By Julie Steenhuysen 13 minutes ago New genetic evidence supports the theory that Christopher Columbus brought syphilis to Europe from the New World, U.S. researchers said on Monday, reviving a centuries-old debate about the origins of the disease. They said a genetic analysis of the syphilis family tree reveals that its closest relative was a South American cousin that causes yaws, an infection caused by a sub-species of the same bacteria. "Some people think it is a really ancient disease that our earliest human ancestors would have had. Other people think it came...
  • Origins of Syphilis [It was waiting for Columbus and his crew~~~NEW WORLD]

    10/06/2007 6:04:49 PM PDT · by shield · 95 replies · 3,583+ views
    Archaeology.org ^ | January/February 1997 | Mark Rose
    snip... Syphilis, it seems, developed in the New World from yaws, perhaps 1,600 years ago, and was waiting for Columbus and his crew. The Rothschilds are now examining skeletal collections from the Bahamas to look for evidence of syphilis nearer to Columbus' landfall.
  • Italian Skeletons Reveal Old World Diseases

    04/13/2004 5:22:18 PM PDT · by blam · 30 replies · 719+ views
    Discovery News ^ | 4-13-2004 | Rossella Lorenzi
    Italian Skeletons Reveal Old World Diseases By Rossella Lorenzi, Discovery News Columbus: Syphilis Spreader? April 12, 2004 — Researchers investigating Italian cemeteries have found further evidence to confirm that syphilis and rheumatoid arthritis plagued the Americas long before the arrival of Columbus. Involving various sites throughout Italy, the study examined 688 skeletons dating from the Bronze Age to the Black Plague epidemic of 1485-1486. The remains were investigated for the presence of bony alterations characteristic of rheumatoid arthritis, gout, spondyloarthropathy and syphilis-causing organisms, called treponemes. Indeed, syphilis is known to scar and deform bones. Legend holds that Columbus and his...
  • Yaws: New Treatment Found for Tropical Disease That Was Once Countered With Penicillin

    02/14/2012 12:17:01 AM PST · by neverdem · 10 replies
    NY Times ^ | February 13, 2012 | DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.
    Yaws, a disease that penicillin nearly eradicated 40 years ago, has been re-emerging in rural tropical Africa, Southeast Asia and the Pacific islands — but a new study has shown that a modern drug is as effective against the disease as penicillin was. Yaws is a close relative of syphilis — both are caused by a spirochete bacterium, though syphilis is usually transmitted by sex and starts as a genital sore, while yaws is passed by skin contact with its usually painless skin sores. They resemble raspberries, and one name for the disease is “framboise,” French for raspberry. It is...
  • Yaws Makes A comeback

    02/03/2007 4:39:59 PM PST · by blam · 3 replies · 576+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 2-3-2007
    Yaws makes a comeback 10:45 03 February 2007 From New Scientist Print Edition. You've probably never heard of it, but yaws - a crippling disease that largely disappeared with the arrival of antibiotics - is making a comeback. Spread by casual contact, the chronic skin condition is caused by a bacterium similar to that behind syphilis. It begins as pustules and progresses to gross bone deformities. It can be cured with a long-acting penicillin shot. Between 1950 and 1970, a World Health Organization-led programme treated 50 million people in 46 countries, cutting yaws cases by 95 per cent. However, in...