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Keyword: neandertals

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  • Archaeologists discover remains of 9 Neanderthals near Rome

    05/09/2021 7:14:07 AM PDT · by ETL · 56 replies ^ | May 8, 2021
    Italian archaeologists have uncovered the fossilized remains of nine Neanderthals in a cave near Rome, shedding new light on how the Italian peninsula was populated and under what environmental conditions. The Italian Culture Ministry announced the discovery Saturday, saying it confirmed that the Guattari Cave in San Felice Circeo was "one of the most significant places in the world for the history of Neanderthals." A Neanderthal skull was discovered in the cave in 1939.The fossilized bones include skulls, skull fragments, two teeth and other bone fragments. The oldest remains date from between 100,000 and 90,000 years ago, while the other...
  • Neanderthal remains unearthed in Italian cave

    05/08/2021 8:24:38 PM PDT · by blueplum · 29 replies
    BBC News ^ | 08 May 2021 | staff
    Archaeologists in Italy have discovered the remains of nine Neanderthals who may have been hunted by hyenas, in a prehistoric cave south-east of Rome. The fossilized bones, which include skull fragments and broken jawbones, were found in the Guattari Cave in the coastal town San Felice Circeo.... ...Mario Rolfo, a professor of archaeology at Tor Vergata University, said most of the Neanderthals had been killed by hyenas and dragged back to their cave den as food. "Neanderthals were prey for these animals," the Guardian quoted him as saying. "Hyenas hunted them, especially the most vulnerable, like sick or elderly individuals."...
  • Neandertal DNA from cave mud shows two waves of migration across Eurasia

    04/21/2021 10:10:41 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 30 replies
    Science News ^ | April 15, 2021 | Charles Choi
    To extract ancient human chromosomal DNA from caves, Vernot and colleagues identified regions in chromosomes rich in mutations specific to hominids to help the team filter out nonhuman DNA. This helped the researchers successfully analyze Neandertal chromosomal DNA from more than 150 samples of sediment roughly 50,000 to 200,000 years old from a cave in Spain and two caves in Siberia.After the team compared its data with DNA previously collected from Neandertal fossils of about the same age, the findings suggested that all these Neandertals were split into two genetically distinct waves that both dispersed across Eurasia. One emerged about...
  • 87 Neanderthal footprints found on an ancient Iberian shoreline

    04/20/2021 4:20:22 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | April 16, 2021 | Bob Yirka
    Neanderthals lived in parts of the Middle East and Europe from 400,000 to 40,000 years ago. During that time, they left behind a lot of evidence of their existence—primarily their bones and crafted objects such as stone tools. Sometimes, though, they also left behind evidence of their activities, such as walking along a beach next to a body of water. In this new effort, the researchers have found evidence of as many as 36 individuals walking along a beach—including children.The work involved studying footprints left on Matalascañas beach, in Doñana National Park, in Spain. Prior work there had involved footprints...
  • Neanderthal ancestry identifies oldest modern human genome

    04/10/2021 7:15:03 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 38 replies
    ScienceDaily ^ | April 7, 2021 | Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
    Ancient DNA from Neandertals and early modern humans has recently shown that the groups likely interbred somewhere in the Near East after modern humans left Africa some 50,000 years ago. As a result, all people outside Africa carry around 2% to 3% Neandertal DNA. In modern human genomes, those Neandertal DNA segments became increasingly shorter over time and their length can be used to estimate when an individual lived. Archaeological data published last year furthermore suggests that modern humans were already present in southeastern Europe 47-43,000 years ago, but due to a scarcity of fairly complete human fossils and the...
  • Why Redheads Feel Less Pain, According to Scientists

    04/07/2021 6:37:56 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 85 replies
    New York Post ^ | April 6, 2021 | Ben Cost
    In a seemingly paradoxical study, US researchers found that redheads have a preternaturally high pain tolerance — wait for it — due to a mechanism that ups their susceptibility to sunburns. “These findings describe the mechanistic basis behind earlier evidence suggesting varied pain thresholds in different pigmentation backgrounds,” said Dr. David Fisher of the Massachusetts General Hospital in Massachusetts. He led the fiery study published in the journal Science Advances. The research found that the cells that determine skin color — called melanocytes — play a large role in deciding how people experience pain.
  • One of The Earliest Stone Tool Types Could Date Back 2.6 Million Years, New Data Show

    03/26/2021 7:56:18 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 12 replies ^ | 26 MARCH 2021 | DAVID NIELD
    An Acheulean handaxe. (Didier Descouens/CC BY-SA 4.0) ================================================================== Figuring out when the earliest human species first developed and used stone tools is an important task for anthropologists, since it was such an important evolutionary step. Remarkably, the projected date of early stone technology just got pushed back by tens of thousands of years. Using a recently introduced type of statistical analysis, researchers estimated the proportion of stone tool artifacts that might be lying undiscovered based on what has been dug up so far. In turn, this gives us clues about how old the tool remnants we don't yet know about...
  • Neanderthal Genes Could Increase The Severity Of COVID-19 Symptoms

    12/08/2020 6:41:54 AM PST · by blam · 48 replies
    Science Focus ^ | 12-8-2020 | Jason Goosyer - Dr Hugo Zeberg
    Dr Hugo Zeberg, assistant professor in the department of neuroscience at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, talks to Jason Goodyer about his research into Neanderthal genes and the impact they could have on COVID-19 patients. How much of the human genome has been inherited from Neanderthals?If you have roots from outside of Africa, then roughly 2 per cent of your DNA is Neanderthal. But if we put all these pieces together, we find more than half of the Neanderthal genome in modern humans. But it will differ between people: some carry some pieces, some carry other pieces. How do...
  • Neanderthals Listened to the World Much Like Us

    03/04/2021 12:23:11 PM PST · by Hillarys Gate Cult · 41 replies
    The New York Times ^ | March 1, 2021 | Sabrina Imbler
    If you were somehow able to travel back in time some 130,000 years and chance upon a Neanderthal, you might find yourself telling them about some of humanity’s greatest inventions, such as spanakopita and TikTok. The Neanderthal would have no idea what you were saying, much less talking about, but they might be able to hear you perfectly, picking up on the voiceless consonants “t,” “k” and “s” that appear in many modern human languages
  • Analyzing Ancient DNA From 50,000-Year-Old Poop Reveals Secrets of Neanderthals' Gut Microbiota

    02/06/2021 8:15:37 AM PST · by zeestephen · 42 replies
    SciTechDaily ^ | 05 February 2021 | UNIVERSITY OF BOLOGNA
    The research group analyzed the ancient DNA extracted from 50,000 years old sedimentary feces (the oldest sample of fecal material available to date). The samples were collected in El Salt (Spain), a site where many Neanderthals lived.
  • Red-Heads Welcomed At Ginger Festival

    08/11/2007 1:20:33 PM PDT · by blam · 91 replies · 16,092+ views
    The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 8-10-2007 | Bonnie Malkin
    Red-heads welcomed at ginger festival By Bonnie Malkin and agencies Last Updated: 2:15am BST 10/08/2007 They are a frequent target for comedians and playground bullies, but red-heads have finally been offered some consolation. Model Lily Cole would get free entry to the event The National Botanic Garden of Wales has offered red-heads free entry to a festival celebrating the ginger plant. Organisers claims the event on August 26 will be the country's first ever "Ginger Family Festival". The day will celebrate the opening of the new Tropical House at the tourist attraction in Carmarthenshire, west Wales, which features many exotic...
  • Neanderthals 'Were Ahead Of Their Time'

    06/14/2007 5:56:19 PM PDT · by blam · 77 replies · 1,655+ views
    Neanderthals 'were ahead of their time' Last Updated: 2:42am BST 14/06/2007 Big, brutish and stupid - it's a commonly held view that our prehistoric predecessors were as wild and unsophisticated as the animals they hunted. Neanderthal man was 'as smart as we are' But Neanderthal man was not as slow-witted as he looked and was in reality as smart as we are, an archaeologist claims. They were actually innovators who used different forms of tools to adapt to the ecological challenges posed by harsh habitats as they spread through Europe. Although our ancestors have become the butt of jokes about...
  • 'Post-Neanderthal Equality' (Where is the next feminist revolution?)

    12/15/2006 10:20:30 AM PST · by Mrs. Don-o · 9 replies · 748+ views
    Wall Street Journal ^ | December 15, 2006 | NAOMI SCHAEFER RILEY
    The December issue of the journal Current Anthropology offers a new hypothesis for how the Neanderthals died out 10,000 years ago. It happens that there was little or no division of labor in Neanderthal society. Unlike in early human communities, where the men hunted and the women gathered (or hunted small animals), male and female Neanderthals were both engaged in going after big game, at least if the evidence from their gravesites is to be believed. When there was no big game, there was no food at all. Betty Friedan is probably turning over in her own gravesite right now,...
  • Stone Age feminism? [Neanderthal women to blame]

    11/10/2007 8:37:25 AM PST · by Fractal Trader · 57 replies · 3,209+ views
    Boston Globe ^ | 10 November 2007 | Colin Nickerson
    The Neanderthal extinction some 30,000 years ago remains one of the great riddles of evolution, with rival theories blaming everything from genocide committed by "real" humans to prehistoric climate change. But a recent study introduces another explanation: Stone Age feminism. Among Neanderthals, hunting big beasts was women's work as well as men's, so it's a safe bet that female hunters got stomped, gored, and worse with appalling frequency. And a high casualty rate among fertile women - the vital "reproductive core" of a tiny population - could well have meant demographic disaster for a species already struggling to survive among...
  • Thoughtful Hunters (Neanderthals)

    01/02/2006 11:59:40 AM PST · by blam · 26 replies · 4,673+ views
    Thoughtful Hunters An interdisciplinary research programme, 2004-2007, at the Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden University sponsored by the Netherlands Foundation for Scientific Research (NWO). THe Research ProgrammeFrom about 500,000 BP onwards, Europe saw a continuous occupation by occasionally very small and rather isolated groups of hominins. The typical cold-adapted Neanderthals of the last glacial were the product of a long process of Neanderthalisation that developed during the last half million years under severe climatic stress. Over the last five years archaeological studies have shown that these Middle and Late Pleistocene hominins, in contrast to previous opinions, were capable hunters of...
  • Neanderthals And Humans Were at War For Over 100,000 Years, Evidence Shows

    11/06/2020 9:22:33 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 32 replies
    (Fake) ScienceAlert ^ | November 3, 2020 | Nicholas R. Longrich, The Conversation
    Around 600,000 years ago, humanity split in two. One group stayed in Africa, evolving into us. The other struck out overland, into Asia, then Europe, becoming Homo neanderthalensis - the Neanderthals. They weren't our ancestors, but a sister species, evolving in parallel.
  • Neandertal babies had stocky chests like their parents

    10/19/2020 1:55:38 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    Science News ^ | October 7, 2020 | Bruce Bower
    Neandertal babies had chests shaped like short, deep barrels and spines that curved inward more than those of humans, a build that until now was known only for Neandertal adults, researchers say. Neandertals must have inherited those skeletal features rather than developing them as their bodies grew, says a team led by paleobiologist Daniel Garcia Martinez of the National Research Center on Human Evolution in Burgos, Spain. Stocky, big-brained hominids such as Neandertals needed chest cavities arranged in this way from birth to accommodate lungs large enough to meet their energy needs, the scientists contend October 7 in Science Advances....
  • More Humans Are Growing an Extra Artery in Our Arms, Showing We're Still Evolving

    10/09/2020 11:03:16 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 100 replies ^ | 9 OCTOBER 2020 | MIKE MCRAE
    Picturing how our species might appear in the far future often invites wild speculation over stand-out features such as height, brain size, and skin complexion. Yet subtle shifts in our anatomy today demonstrate how unpredictable evolution can be. Take something as mundane as an extra blood vessel in our arms, which going by current trends could be common place within just a few generations. Researchers from Flinders University and the University of Adelaide in Australia have noticed an artery that temporarily runs down the centre of our forearms while we're still in the womb isn't vanishing as often as it...
  • A Shocking Find in a Neanderthal Cave in France ( inhabited 176,000 years ago )

    09/29/2020 3:54:54 PM PDT · by Candor7 · 60 replies
    The Atlantic ^ | May 25, 2016 | Ed Yong
    ..............After drilling into the stalagmites and pulling out cylinders of rock, the team could see an obvious transition between two layers. On one side were old minerals that were part of the original stalagmites; on the other were newer layers that had been laid down after the fragments were broken off by the cave’s former users. By measuring uranium levels on either side of the divide, the team could accurately tell when each stalagmite had been snapped off for construction. Their date? 176,500 years ago, give or take a few millennia.
  • Scientists Sequence Y Chromosome DNA of Denisovans and Neanderthals

    09/27/2020 4:16:50 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 30 replies
    sci-news ^ | 09/25/2020
    A growing number of ancient DNA studies on Neanderthals, Denisovans and Homo sapiens suggest intertwined evolutionary and population histories, including several admixture events between early modern and archaic humans. However, ancient nuclear and mtDNA sequences revealed phylogenetic discrepancies between the three groups that are hard to explain. For example, autosomal genomes show that Neanderthals and Denisovans are sister groups that split from modern humans more than 550,000 years ago. However, all but the earliest Neanderthal mtDNA samples are far more similar to those of modern humans than to those from Denisovans. These studies suggest that Neanderthals originally carried a Denisovan-like...