Free Republic 1st Qtr 2021 Fundraising Target: $88,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $84,652
Woo hoo!! And now less than $3.4k to go!! Let's get 'er done. Thank you all very much!! God bless.

Keyword: paleolithic

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • Earliest hominin migrations into the Arabian Peninsula required no novel adaptations

    11/02/2018 11:24:36 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | October 29, 2018 | Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
    A new study... suggests that early hominin dispersals beyond Africa did not involve adaptations to environmental extremes, such as to arid and harsh deserts. The discovery of stone tools and cut-marks on fossil animal remains at the site of Ti's al Ghadah provides definitive evidence for hominins in Saudi Arabia at least 100,000 years earlier than previously known. Stable isotope analysis of the fossil fauna indicates a dominance of grassland vegetation, with aridity levels similar to those found in open savanna settings in eastern Africa today. The stable isotope data indicates that early dispersals of our archaic ancestors were part...
  • 200,000-year-old tools from Stone Age unearthed in Saudi Arabia

    01/02/2021 1:22:26 AM PST · by nickcarraway · 43 replies
    Gulf News ^ | January 01, 2021
    These are unique and rare stone axes from the Stone AgeA Saudi scientific team from the Heritage Authority discovered stone tools used by the inhabitants of Assyrian civilization in the Paleolithic period that date back to 2,00,000 years. The Heritage Authority said in a press statement that the discovered stone tools from the Shuaib Al-Adgham area, located east of the Al-Qassim region, are stone axes from the Middle Paleolithic period. These are unique and rare stone axes that were characterised by the high precision in manufacturing that these human groups used in their daily life. The abundance of stone tools...
  • 31,000-year-old burial holds world's oldest known identical twins

    11/16/2020 11:10:37 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Live Science ^ | 12 November 2020 | Laura Geggel, Associate Editor
    To determine at what age the babies died, the researchers looked at each baby's top second incisor. The team paid special attention to the so-called "newborn line," a dark line in the tooth enamel that separates the enamel formed prenatally from that formed after birth, Teschler-Nicola said.Those newborn lines, as well the infants' skeletal development, suggested the twins were either full, or nearly full-term, babies. It appears that the infants' hunter-gatherer group buried the first twin, then reopened the grave when they buried his brother.This finding confirms the cultural-historical practice of reopening a grave for the purpose of reburial, which...
  • Shepherd finds Stone Age artifacts in Tunceli, eastern Turkey

    10/02/2020 11:52:35 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    Daily Sabah ^ | September 16, 2020 | unattributed
    According to archaeologists, a 16-year-old boy who stumbled upon a host of old, stone implements in eastern Turkey has landed upon a find that can cast more light on early human civilization. The young shepherd... contacted archaeologists who were working on a nearby dig in the district of Ovacik, in the eastern province of Tunceli, about a set of strange tools he had discovered. Four days of excavation work in the area revealed remains from the Epipalaeolithic and Upper Paleolithic periods. Archaeologists say they are the oldest examples of a human settlement in Turkey's northeast region... Research is still underway,...
  • 120,000-Year-Old Human Footprints Have Been Discovered in Saudi Arabia

    09/18/2020 9:33:34 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 29 replies ^ | 18 SEPTEMBER 2020 | ISSAM AHMED
    Around 120,000 years ago in what is now northern Saudi Arabia, a small band of Homo sapiens stopped to drink and forage at a shallow lake that was also frequented by camels, buffalo, and elephants bigger than any species seen today The people may have hunted the large mammals but they did not stay long, using the watering hole as a waypoint on a longer journey. This detailed scene was reconstructed by researchers in a new study published in Science Advances on Thursday, following the discovery of ancient human and animal footprints in the Nefud Desert that shed new light...
  • 120,000-calendar year-outdated necklace tells of the origin of string

    07/16/2020 8:03:41 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Izer ^ | Monday, July 13 2020 | editors
    Persons residing on the Israeli coastline 120,000 many years in the past strung ocher-painted seashells on flax string, in accordance to a recent examine in which archaeologists examined microscopic traces of have on inside of by natural means developing holes in the shells. That may well lose some light on when folks very first invented string -- which hints at the invention of points like clothes, fishing nets, and perhaps even seafaring... Shell collectors at Misliya appeared to like primarily intact shells, and there is no signal that they embellished or modified their finds. But 40,000 years later on and...
  • Iranian cave estimated to date over 63,000 years [Kaldar Cave]

    07/07/2020 10:39:42 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    Tehran Times ^ | June 22, 2020 | AFM/MG
    "After a decade of studying the cultural evidence yielded from the three seasons of archeological excavations at Kaldar Cave, the recent results show that a Paleolithic layer in the middle of this the cave is more than 63,000 years old," CHTN quoted Iranian archaeologist Behrouz Bazgir as saying on Sunday. Kaldar is a key archaeological site that provides evidence of the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Iran. The cave is situated in the northern Khorramabad valley of Lorestan province and at an elevation of 1,290 m above sea level. It measures 16 meters long, 17 meters wide, and seven...
  • Semi-News: Neanderthals Lived in Iranian Cave

    05/04/2006 12:45:18 PM PDT · by John Semmens · 13 replies · 353+ views
    AZCONSERVATIVE ^ | 28 Apr 2006 | John Semmens
    The latest excavations by an Iranian and French joint team at prehistoric caves of Kermanshah, west of Iran, revealed them to have been early settlements of Neanderthals who used to live there about 85,000 to 40,000 years ago. Current whereabouts any remaining Neanderthals are a matter of speculation. Nevertheless, many are convinced that they are now running the Iranian government.
  • Neanderthals Lived In Iran's Kermanshah Caves

    04/27/2006 12:19:25 PM PDT · by blam · 15 replies · 797+ views
    Persian Journal ^ | 4-27-2006
    Neanderthals Lived in Iran's Kermanshah Caves Apr 27, 2006 The latest excavations by Iranian and French joint team at prehistoric caves of Kermanshah, west of Iran, revealed them to have been early settlements of Neanderthals who used to live there about 85000 to 40000 years ago. The joint team was to continue its studies on other Paleolithic caves in Kermanshah province, but as the term of the agreement has reached an end, the French team have returned back home. This team is to resume its activities in March 2006 in prehistoric caves in Kermanshah province if the agreement is renewed...
  • Macro-Etymology: Paleosigns [writing 20,000 years ago?]

    05/19/2005 11:00:18 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies · 782+ views
    Macro-Etymology Website ^ | prior to May 20, 2005 | the webmasters thereof
    Examples of (a) Upper Paleolithic signs, and characters in three of the early written languages which resemble the Paleolithic marks: (b) Indus Valley signs, (c) Greek (western branch), (d) Runic... Correlation of the symbols found accompanying Magdalenian cave art with symbols from other ancient cultures shows a nearly-complete match, after Forbes and Crowder, "The Problem of Franco-Cantabrian Abstract Signs: Agenda for a New Approach." World Archaeology 10 (1979): 350-66... These illustrations show (a) the collection of symbols that accompany the Magdalenian cave art in France, from 20,000 years ago or less, and characters in three of the early written languages...
  • Testing the DNA of cave art

    07/02/2020 10:40:39 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Bradshaw Foundation ^ | Friday, June 19, 2020 | Bridgette Watson (CBC News)
    The University of Victoria paleoanthropologist Genevieve von Petzinger explains that a DNA test, which would reveal genetic mutations due to evolution, could help pinpoint the time period a painting was made and may help determine if the art was actually the handiwork of humans or Neanderthals — who lived about 130,000 to 40,000 years ago. "It would just be so fascinating to see the identity. The million dollar question is, did Neanderthals paint?" There is already some indication, according to von Petzinger, that this extinct species was, in fact, artistic. Von Petzinger said that a few years ago, some of...
  • Britons '200,000 Years Earlier Than First Thought'

    12/24/2001 4:51:53 AM PST · by blam · 33 replies · 683+ views
    Ananova ^ | 12-21-2001
    Britons '200,000 years earlier than first thought' Man could have settled in Britain up to 200,000 years earlier than previously thought, according to new studies. Prehistorians had thought the predecessors of modern humans began living in Britain between 450,000 and 500,000 years ago. But recent discoveries in eastern and south western England suggest that is wrong, according to an article in the magazine New Scientist. Researchers working in conjunction with the Natural History Museum are basing their new theories on analysis of a flint axe and other tools found on the East Anglian coast and investigation of butchery marks ...
  • 300,000-year-old throwing stick documents the evolution of hunting

    04/26/2020 6:49:49 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 37 replies
    HeritageDaily ^ | April 22, 2020 | Universitaet Tuebingen
    Research at Schengen demonstrates that already 300,000 years ago Homo heidelbergensis used a combination of throwing sticks, spears and thrusting lances. Prof. Nicholas Conard and Dr. Jordi Serangeli, who lead the research team, attribute the exceptional discovery to the outstanding preservation of wooden artifacts in the water saturated lakeside sediments in Schengen. The throwing stick was recovered in layer 13 II-4, which in the 1990s yielded examples of throwing spears, a thrusting lance and additional wooden tools of unknown function. Like almost all of these finds, the new artifact was carefully carved from spruce wood. The throwing stick is 64.5...
  • Israeli Archaeologists Solve Mystery of Prehistoric Stone Balls

    04/17/2020 2:41:57 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 44 replies
    Haaretz ^ | April 16, 2020 | Ariel David
    Stone artifacts painstakingly shaped into spheres were part of the daily lives of early humans for more than two million years. They have been unearthed by archaeologists in East Africa, humanity's ancestral home, and they litter prehistoric sites across Eurasia from the Middle East to China and India. Yet experts have been puzzled by their function since the early days of research into our evolutionary history. Now, an international team of archaeologists led by Tel Aviv University archaeologist researcher Ella Assaf, has produced evidence that these enigmatic artifacts were used for a very specific purpose: breaking the bones of large...
  • Teeth found near Tel Aviv point to a new prehistoric human species

    06/21/2015 10:29:47 PM PDT · by 2ndDivisionVet · 59 replies
    Ynet News ^ | June 20, 2015 | Dudi Goldman
    Researchers found four teeth in the Qesem Cave near Rosh Ha'ayin (not far from Tel Aviv), and they were astonished at test results that conclude the fossils to be some 400,000-years-old. The significance of this is that it's possible that the origin of prehistoric man is in Israel, and not in East Africa. And an additional surprise is that prehistoric man was mainly vegetarian and not carnivorous. The cave is 10 meters deep and its surface area is approximately 300 square meters. Researchers have been sifting through it for some 15 years to discover remains from prehistoric times. The ancient...
  • 400,000-year-old dental tartar provides earliest evidence of manmade pollution

    06/17/2015 10:07:39 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 34 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | June 17, 2015 | Tel Aviv University
    In what Prof. Barkai describes as a "time capsule," the analysed calculus revealed three major findings: charcoal from indoor fires; evidence for the ingestion of essential plant-based dietary components; and fibers that might have been used to clean teeth or were remnants of raw materials. "Prof. Karen Hardy published outstanding research on the dental calculus of Neanderthals from El Sidron cave in Spain, but these dated back just 40,000-50,000 years—we are talking far earlier than this," said Prof. Barkai. "This is the first evidence that the world's first indoor BBQs had health-related consequences," said Prof. Barkai. "The people who lived...
  • 300,000-year-old hearth found: Microscopic evidence shows repeated fire use in one spot over time

    01/28/2014 3:05:36 AM PST · by Islander7 · 23 replies
    Science Daily ^ | Jan 27, 2014 | Weizmann Institute of Science
    Summary: When did humans really begin to control fire and use it for their daily needs? Scientists discovered in the Qesem Cave, an archaeological site near present-day Rosh Ha'ayin, the earliest evidence -- dating to around 300,000 years ago -- of unequivocal repeated fire building over a continuous period. These findings help answer the question and hint that those prehistoric humans already had a highly advanced social structure and intellectual capacity.
  • The Disappearance of the Elephant Caused the Rise of Modern Man

    12/12/2011 12:40:57 PM PST · by decimon · 26 replies · 1+ views
    Dietary change led to the appearance of modern humans in the Middle East 400,000 years ago, say TAU researchersElephants have long been known to be part of the Homo erectus diet. But the significance of this specific food source, in relation to both the survival of Homo erectus and the evolution of modern humans, has never been understood — until now. When Tel Aviv University researchers Dr. Ran Barkai, Miki Ben-Dor, and Prof. Avi Gopher of TAU's Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies examined the published data describing animal bones associated with Homo erectus at the Acheulian site...
  • Archaeologists find blade production earlier than originally thought

    10/17/2011 8:23:34 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 58 replies ^ | 17 OCT 2011 | Provided by Tel Aviv University
    Archaeology has long associated advanced blade production with the Upper Palaeolithic period, about 30,000-40,000 years ago, linked with the emergence of Homo Sapiens and cultural features such as cave art. Now researchers at Tel Aviv University have uncovered evidence which shows that "modern" blade production was also an element of Amudian industry during the late Lower Paleolithic period, 200,000-400,000 years ago as part of the Acheulo-Yabrudian cultural complex, a geographically limited group of hominins who lived in modern-day Israel, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. Prof. Avi Gopher, Dr. Ran Barkai and Dr. Ron Shimelmitz of TAU's Department of Archaeology and Ancient...
  • Ancient teeth raise new questions about the origins of modern man

    02/09/2011 7:22:36 AM PST · by decimon · 29 replies
    Binghamton University ^ | February 9, 2011 | Unknown
    BINGHAMTON, NY – Eight small teeth found in a cave near Rosh Haain, central Israel, are raising big questions about the earliest existence of humans and where we may have originated, says Binghamton University anthropologist Rolf Quam. Part of a team of international researchers led by Dr. Israel Hershovitz of Tel Aviv University, Qaum and his colleagues have been examining the dental discovery and recently published their joint findings in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Excavated at Qesem cave, a pre-historic site that was uncovered in 2000, the size and shape of the teeth are very similar to those...