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Keyword: cosmicrays

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  • "Cosmic clock" dates earliest human presence in Europe

    03/07/2024 3:35:36 AM PST · by zeestephen · 13 replies
    CNN ^ | 06 March 2024 | Katie Hunt
    Stone tools unearthed in a quarry in [southwest] Ukraine belonged to ancient humans...The researchers determined they were 1.4 million years old...No human fossils have been found at the open-air site...the study suggested it would have been Homo Erectus...The earliest human fossils unearthed in Europe are from...Spain and date back 1.1 million years...In Georgia [Caucasus], human fossils found near Dmanisi are thought to be 1.8 million years old.
  • Understanding just how big solar flares can get

    05/31/2023 5:24:23 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 43 replies
    FreeThink ^ | May 28, 2023 | By Christopher Crockett
    Scientists reveal the potential for massive, and potentially destructive, eruptions from the sun. On May 1, 2019, the star next door erupted. In a matter of seconds, Proxima Centauri, the nearest star to our sun, got thousands of times brighter than usual — up to 14,000 times brighter in the ultraviolet range of the spectrum. The radiation burst was strong enough to split any water molecules that might exist on the temperate, Earth-sized planet orbiting that star; repeated blasts of that magnitude might have stripped the planet of any atmosphere. It would be bad news if the Earth’s sun ever...
  • Genesis Findings Solve Apollo Lunar Soil Mystery

    11/21/2006 12:50:41 PM PST · by NormsRevenge · 18 replies · 1,105+ views
    NASA.gov ^ | 11/20/06 | NASA
    Ever since astronauts returned from another world, scientists have been mystified by some of the moon rocks they brought back. Now one of the mysteries has been solved. "We learned a great deal about the sun by going to the moon," said Don Burnett, Genesis principal investigator at California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. "Now, with our Genesis data, we are turning the tables, using the solar wind to better understand lunar processes." Ansgar Grimberg from ETH Institute of Astronomy in Zurich and coworkers analyzed the composition of neon in a metallic glass exposed on NASA's Genesis mission. The team's...
  • NASA’s Fermi Confirms Star Wreck as Source of Extreme Cosmic Particles

    08/11/2022 1:00:24 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 10 replies
    NASA ^ | Staff
    Astronomers have long sought the launch sites for some of the highest-energy protons in our galaxy. Now a study using 12 years of data from NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope confirms that one supernova remnant is just such a place. Explore how astronomers located a supernova remnant that fires up protons to energies 10 times greater than the most powerful particle accelerator on Earth. VIDEO AT LINK................... Credits: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Fermi has shown that the shock waves of exploded stars boost particles to speeds comparable to that of light. Called cosmic rays, these particles mostly take the...
  • Deep Space 'Ghost Particle' Reveals Clue In Centuries-old Cosmic Mystery Scientists tracked a neutrino back to a violent black hole -- and it could help explain where elusive cosmic rays originate.

    07/15/2022 11:20:02 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 18 replies
    CNet ^ | July 15, 2022 10:16 a.m. PT | Monisha Ravisetti
    A fiery-looking, red-orange energetic jet blasting bright light from the center of a galaxy. An artist's illustration of neutrinos originating from a high-energy Blazar Benjamin Amend, Clemson University Born in the cradle of deep space, blasting across the universe at nearly the speed of light and harnessing energy up to a million times greater than anything achieved by the world's most powerful particle accelerator, cosmic rays are atom fragments that relentlessly rain down on Earth. They get caught in our atmosphere and mess up our satellites. They threaten the health of astronauts living in orbit, even when sparse in number....
  • New study confirms Sun/Cosmic-Ray climate connection

    10/11/2021 4:46:57 AM PDT · by one guy in new jersey · 100 replies
    GWPF ^ | David Whitehouse Interviewing Professor Henrik Svensmark, one of the study's authors.
    A new study published in Nature’s Scientific Reports by researchers at the Danish National Space Institute at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem suggests that the Sun’s activity in screening cosmic rays affects clouds and, ultimately, the Earth's energy budget with concomitant climatic effects. Science editor David Whitehouse interviews Professor Henrik Svensmark, one of the study's authors.
  • Cosmic Rays Reach Record Highs

    12/20/2019 8:35:20 PM PST · by TexasKamaAina · 69 replies
    Electroverse ^ | 12/14/2019 | Cap Allon
    The upshot of this current solar minimum (24) –the sun’s deepest of the past 100+ years (NASA)– is a cooling of the planet, with the coming solar cycle (25) forecast by NASA to be “the weakest of the past 200 years“
  • Unsettled science: Scientists find hard evidence that cosmic rays influence climate

    07/05/2019 6:56:56 AM PDT · by MtnClimber · 49 replies
    American Thinker ^ | 5 Jul, 2019 | Thomas Lifson
    he absurdity of the claim that global warming is “settled science” is obvious to anyone who understands what actual science is. And now, thanks to a group of scientists at Kobe University in Japan, we have an example of why climate science is so primitive as to be a faulty basis for policy. The have hard evidence of the effect cosmic rays have on earth’s climate. When galactic cosmic rays increased during the Earth’s last geomagnetic reversal transition 780,000 years ago, the umbrella effect of low-cloud cover led to high atmospheric pressure in Siberia, causing the East Asian winter monsoon...
  • Earth Barraged By Supernovae Millions Of Years Ago, Debris Found On Moon

    Researchers then scoured the globe for thin layers of radioactive isotopes in rock strata and in 1999 struck figurative gold: Samples from beneath the ocean revealed some hard metallic layers, known as ferromanganese crusts that form slowly over millions of years, containing iron-60, an isotope with a half-life of 2.6 million years -- so short that the material must be much younger than Earth. The iron-60 was in a stratum laid down 2.2 million years ago. Similar layers of iron-60 have since been found elsewhere in the oceans. Astronomers have also been scouring the skies for groups of stars that...
  • Did a supernova two million years ago brighten the night sky and give our ancestors cancer?

    06/17/2016 4:22:29 PM PDT · by rickmichaels · 39 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | June 17, 2016 | Cheyenne Macdonald
    Millions of years ago, a series of nearby supernovae sent radiation and debris raining down to Earth. The events left traces of radioactive iron-60 embedded in the sea floor and even on the Moon, and now, researchers are saying they may have had life-altering effects on the early inhabitants of our planet. At just hundreds of light-years away, two major stellar explosions may have spurred changes to the environment, and even increased the rates of cancer and mutation.
  • Supernovae showered Earth with radioactive debris

    04/06/2016 3:50:53 PM PDT · by JimSEA · 27 replies
    Science Daily ^ | 4/6/2016 | Australian National University
    An international team of scientists has found evidence of a series of massive supernova explosions near our solar system, which showered Earth with radioactive debris. The scientists found radioactive iron-60 in sediment and crust samples taken from the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. The iron-60 was concentrated in a period between 3.2 and 1.7 million years ago, which is relatively recent in astronomical terms, said research leader Dr Anton Wallner from The Australian National University (ANU). "We were very surprised that there was debris clearly spread across 1.5 million years," said Dr Wallner, a nuclear physicist in the ANU Research...
  • Violent Past: Young sun withstood a supernova blast

    10/27/2013 6:03:53 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 68 replies
    Science News ^ | May 23, 2007 | Ron Cowen
    Martin Bizzarro of the University of Copenhagen and his colleagues set out to determine the amount of iron in the early solar system. To do so, they measured nickel-60, a decay product of iron-60, in eight meteorites known to have formed at different times during the first 3 million years of the solar system. The meteorites that formed more than about a million years after the start of the solar system contain significantly more nickel-60 than do those that formed earlier, the team found. In a neighborhood of young stars, only a supernova could have produced iron-60, the parent of...
  • Hubble boffins: Incredibly old supernova could explain EVERYTHING

    04/05/2013 6:16:40 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 27 replies
    The Register UK ^ | 5th April 2013 12:17 GMT | By Brid-Aine Parnell
    Might also answer poser: 'If supernovae were popcorn...' NASA's Hubble telescope has spotted the most distant massive star explosion of its kind ever, one which could help boffins understand the very fabric of the universe. Hubble view of supernova SN Wilson The telescope picked out Supernova UDS10Wil, also known as SN Wilson, in the night sky. The star apparently blew up over 10 billion years ago, and the resulting light from the explosion took that long to reach Earth. Wilson is in the special class of Type Ia supernovae, which give astroboffins a consistent level of brightness that can be...
  • Creating Elements after BB: Where did the Supernova's Go?(Vanity)

    02/15/2007 5:11:32 PM PST · by Robert A Cook PE · 76 replies · 1,477+ views
    NA | 2007/02/15 | Robert A. Cook
    We exist, therefore we question. Or at least, that paraphrases (poorly) an old quote from an old scholar... We know the masses and general composition of the four inner (rocky) planets in our solar system, and from basic chemistry, we know the number of atoms in a gram of any material. Multiplying Avogadro's number x the mass of these four planets, dividing by a weighted average atomic weight for the materials in each planet, we get about 3 x 10^ 50 heavy nuclei produced since creation/the big bang. Take your pick, that's the number of atomic nuclei we have to...
  • The Sun, Cosmic Rays and Our Environment

    08/16/2004 6:35:06 PM PDT · by farmfriend · 8 replies · 523+ views
    Tech Central Station ^ | 08/16/2004 | Sallie Baliunas
    The Sun, Cosmic Rays and Our Environment By Sallie Baliunas The capability of new instruments to detect fine amounts of matter created high in the Earth's atmosphere by cosmic rays leads to a strange notion -- that some local environmental change on Earth is linked with the fluctuations of cosmic rays over periods of years to millennia. Cosmic rays are charged particles that travel through the disk of the Galaxy at speeds near that of light. Scientists have observed strong correlations between the fluctuation of these rays and changes in local environments. But an exact description of how cosmic rays...
  • Voyager 2 spacecraft enters interstellar space

    12/10/2018 10:27:35 AM PST · by ETL · 49 replies
    ScienceNews.org ^ | December 10, 2018 | Lisa Grossman
    Voyager 2 has entered interstellar space. The spacecraft slipped out of the huge bubble of particles that encircles the solar system on November 5, becoming the second ever human-made craft to cross the heliosphere, or the boundary between the sun and the stars.Coming in second place is no mean achievement. Voyager 1 became the first spacecraft to exit the solar system in 2012. But that craft’s plasma instrument stopped working in 1980, leaving scientists without a direct view of the solar wind, hot charged particles constantly streaming from the sun (SN Online: 9/12/13). Voyager 2’s plasma sensors are still working,...
  • Solar Minimum Deepens [cosmic rays to increase]

    07/30/2018 7:11:07 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 38 replies
    Space Weather ^ | Monday, July 30, 2018 | Editors
    SOLAR MINIMUM DEEPENS: The sun has been without sunspots for 32 of the past 33 days. To find a similar stretch of blank suns, you have to go back to 2009 when the sun was experiencing the deepest solar minimum in a century. Solar minimum has returned, bringing extra cosmic rays, long-lasting holes in the sun's atmosphere, and strangely pink auroras. ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION UPDATE: As the sunspot cycle declines, we expect cosmic rays to increase. Is this actually happening? The answer is "yes." Spaceweather.com and the students of Earth to Sky Calculus have been monitoring cosmic radiation in the atmosphere...
  • Cosmic rays fired at Earth – now we know where from

    03/17/2016 9:55:45 AM PDT · by LibWhacker · 33 replies
    Cosmos ^ | 3/17/16 | Bill Condie
    Cosmic rays fired at Earth - now we know where from The violent region at the centre of our galaxy is the prime candidate, after gamma ray analysis, Bill Condie reports. Photo montage of gamma-rays as measured by the HESS array on the night sky over Namibia, with one of the small HESS telescopes in the foreground. Credit: H.E.S.S. Collaboration, Fabio Acero and Henning Gast Astronomers believe they may have identified the source of the stream of cosmic rays that rain down on Earth from outer space. Cosmic rays are extremely high-energy particles such as protons and atomic nuclei....
  • Milky Way’s black hole may be spewing out cosmic rays

    03/19/2016 9:24:38 PM PDT · by MtnClimber · 20 replies
    Science ^ | 16 Mar, 2016 | Daniel Clery
    Mysterious high-energy particles known as cosmic rays zip through space at a wide range of energies, some millions of times greater than those produced in the world’s most powerful atom smasher. Scientists have long thought cosmic rays from inside our galaxy come from supernova explosions, but a new study has fingered a second source: the supermassive black hole at the heart of the Milky Way. With this new result, the search for cosmic ray origins, which has frustrated scientists for more than 100 years, has taken an unexpected new twist. “It’s very exciting,” says astrophysicist Andrew Taylor of the Dublin...
  • Sun set for 11-year magnetic pole flip

    10/07/2013 9:31:58 AM PDT · by DeaconBenjamin · 36 replies
    Times of India ^ | Oct 7, 2013, 05.18 AM IST | Amit Bhattacharya, TNN
    NEW DELHI: A special event is about to occur in our sun, and it could impact our lives. The magnetic poles of the sun — which are like the ends of a giant bar magnet — are about to flip, that is, the polar north will become the polar south and vice versa. According to scientists at the Wilcox Solar Observatory at Stanford University , the sun could be barely two to three months away from this magnetic field reversal. The change is periodic, taking place once every 11 years or so. The flip also corresponds with peak activity during...