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Keyword: astronomy

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  • In a Numerical Coincidence, Some See Evidence for String Theory

    01/21/2022 12:44:34 PM PST · by Red Badger · 34 replies
    https://www.quantamagazine.org ^ | January 21, 2022 | Natalie Wolchover
    In a quest to map out a quantum theory of gravity, researchers have used logical rules to calculate how much Einstein’s theory must change. The result matches string theory perfectly. 4 ========================================================================== Quantum gravity researchers use α to denote the size of the biggest quantum correction to Einstein’s general relativity. Recently, three physicists calculated a number pertaining to the quantum nature of gravity. When they saw the value, “we couldn’t believe it,” said Pedro Vieira, one of the three. Gravity’s quantum-scale details are not something physicists usually know how to quantify, but the trio attacked the problem using an approach...
  • The End of Cosmic Dark Ages: How NASA’s Roman Space Telescope Could Expand on Hubble’s Deepest View

    01/21/2022 7:22:22 AM PST · by Red Badger · 15 replies
    https://scitechdaily.com ^ | JANUARY 21, 2022 | By ASHLEY BALZER, NASA’S GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER
    The Roman Space Telescope is a NASA observatory designed to unravel the secrets of dark energy and dark matter, search for and image exoplanets, and explore many topics in infrared astrophysics. Credit: NASA A team of astrophysicists has created a simulated image that shows how the Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope could conduct a mega-exposure similar to but far larger than Hubble’s celebrated Ultra Deep Field Image. This Hubble observation transformed our view of the early universe, revealing galaxies that formed just a few hundred million years after the big bang. “Roman has the unique ability to image very large...
  • SpaceX sends NASA craft on collision course with asteroid to test concept of protecting Earth in case of future threat

    11/24/2021 8:54:45 PM PST · by blueplum · 17 replies
    CBS ^ | 24 November 2021 | WILLIAM HARWOOD
    Taking aim at a distant asteroid, SpaceX fired a small NASA probe into space early Wednesday, setting up a head-on 15,000 mph impact next September to test the feasibility of nudging a threatening body off course long before it could crash into Earth. The $330 million Double Asteroid Redirection Test, or DART, the first test flight in a NASA planetary defense initiative, "will be historic," said Tom Statler, mission program scientist at NASA Headquarters. "For the first time, humanity will change the motion of a natural celestial body in space." Perched atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, the DART mission...
  • ‘Near-Earth’ asteroid twice as big as Empire State Building to pass by Tuesday; how to track, view it

    01/18/2022 10:02:51 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 55 replies
    KTLA ^ | Jan 17, 2022 / | Tracy Bloom
    The asteroid, known as 7482 (1994 PC1), is set to fly by the planet at 1:51 p.m. PT, traveling at a speed of about 43,754 mph, according to NASA. “Near-Earth #asteroid 1994 PC1 (~1 km wide) is very well known and has been studied for decades by our #PlanetaryDefense experts,” With a diameter of approximately 3,451 feet, the asteroid is more than twice the size of the Empire State Building. And while there’s no threat that the asteroid will hit our planet, NASA still considers it a “potentially hazardous object” due to a combination of size and distance from Earth....
  • You've Got a Rare Chance to See a Huge Asteroid Fly by Earth This Week. Here's How [TONIGHT!]

    01/18/2022 6:18:01 AM PST · by Red Badger · 19 replies
    The asteroid's orbit gets quite close to our moon's. (NASA/JPL) ************************************************************************** In a slow-moving universe, asteroids give us a rare chance to see things moving in real time. We have such a chance coming right up on the evening of Tuesday, January 18th, when 1.1-kilometer asteroid (7482) 1994 PC1 passes 1.23 million miles (1.98 million kilometers) from Earth. This is about five times the distance from Earth to the Moon, and just a shade over the distance to the anti-sunward Earth-Sun Lagrange 2 point, soon to be the home of the James Webb Space Telescope. Fortunately, both Earth and said...
  • A Giant Asteroid Bigger Than The Empire State Building Is About to Zip Past Earth

    01/05/2022 7:45:59 AM PST · by Red Badger · 35 replies
    https://www.sciencealert.com ^ | 5 JANUARY 2022 | FIONA MACDONALD
    Image of asteroid (7482) 1994 PC1 taken during a flyby of Earth in 1997. (Sormano Astronomical Observatory) ===================================================================== A large, rocky asteroid is going to fly by Earth next week. At 1 kilometer (3,280 feet) long, it's roughly two and a half times the height of the Empire State Building, and it's been classed a "Potentially Hazardous Asteroid" due to its size and its regular close visits to our planet. But don't worry, this month's visit is going to have a very safe clearance, with the asteroid zipping by at a distance of 1.93 million kilometers (~1.2 million miles) away...
  • NASA’s Psyche Mission Prepares To Explore A Wild Metallic Asteroid

    12/29/2021 8:45:58 AM PST · by Red Badger · 14 replies
    https://hothardware.com ^ | December 26, 202`1 | Staff
    NASA is 'Psyched' as preparations to explore a wild metallic asteroid nears launch in the Summer of 2022. It will be the first time NASA has explored a world not made primarily of rock or ice, but of metal. NASA's Christmas day launch of the highly anticipated James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) captivated those who have been looking forward to its launch. Along with JWST, however, many also await the launch of the Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) as it journeys to an asteroid in order to provide data about how to possibly divert the object and prevent an impact...
  • James Webb Space Telescope - Where Is Webb?

    01/18/2022 11:33:13 AM PST · by zeestephen · 7 replies
    NASA ^ | 18 January 2022
    At 11:30 AM (PST) - 62,500 miles from L2 - 836,000 miles from Earth - Current speed 555 mph - Speed will decline to about 325 mph before it enters L2 orbit in five days - Temperature of "hot" side has been stable since sun shield deployment, 133F and 50F - Cold side shows modest cooling, minus 340F and minus 330F - When operational, the cold side will be minus 388F - Webb actually has heaters to keep temp loss very slow to protect equipment and to avoid ice forming from any Earth moisture - Currently, Webb is retracting pegs...
  • Asteroids could be approaching Earth undetected as NASA scientists find a danger zone that allows space rocks to 'sneak up' on telescopes because of a quirk of the planet's daily rotation

    01/17/2022 2:23:10 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 41 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | Ian Randall
    This is the warning of NASA-funded experts who investigated how telescopes nearly missed a 328-feet-wide asteroid that came within 43,500 miles of Earth back in 2019. The space rock, dubbed '2019 OK', was the first object of its size to get that close to our planet since 1908 — but it was only spotted 24 hours before its closest approach. The reason, the team determined, is because it was moving towards us in such a way that its motion across the night sky was counteracted by the Earth's spin. Thus — to early warning systems like Pan-STARRS1 at Hawaii's Haleakala...
  • Black Hole at Heart of Milky Way Keeps Flashing and No One Knows Why

    01/15/2022 3:04:56 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 45 replies
    interestingengineering.com ^ | By John Loeffler
    The supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way, Sagittarius A*, keeps releasing random bursts of radiation on a daily basis and no one can figure out what is causing it. These bursts ranged from tens to hundreds of times brighter than the normal signals sent out by the supermassive black hole at the heart of our galaxy, but they don't appear to follow a discernable pattern. The data from 2006 to 2008 show high levels of gamma-ray activity, followed by a rapid four-year-long drop, after which activity shot back up, starting in 2012. There could be any...
  • Newly Discovered Type of “Strange Metal” – Material That Shares Fundamental Quantum Attributes With Black Holes

    01/16/2022 7:30:37 PM PST · by BraveMan · 32 replies
    SciTechDaily ^ | JANUARY 16, 2022 | BROWN UNIVERSITY
    A new discovery could help scientists to understand “strange metals,” a class of materials that are related to high-temperature superconductors and share fundamental quantum attributes with black holes. Scientists understand quite well how temperature affects electrical conductance in most everyday metals like copper or silver. But in recent years, researchers have turned their attention to a class of materials that do not seem to follow the traditional electrical rules. Understanding these so-called “strange metals” could provide fundamental insights into the quantum world, and potentially help scientists understand strange phenomena like high-temperature superconductivity. Now, a research team co-led by a Brown...
  • Tuning the bonds of paired quantum particles to create dissipationless flow

    01/15/2022 3:17:11 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 5 replies
    phys.org ^ | Columbia University
    The underlying theory is simple enough. "If you can get electrons to pair, they can superconduct," said Dean. According to the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) theory, an attractive force between electrons—no matter how weak—will cause those electrons to pair up and form a new kind of particle called a "Cooper pair." These behave like particles called bosons and, at low enough temperatures, can enter into a collective state and move through a material unimpeded by disorder—a feature any single electron just cannot achieve on its own. But there's been a problem. "Electrons do not want to pair," said Dean. Like repels like,...
  • day Astronomy Picture of the Day - Supernova Remnant Simeis 147

    01/13/2022 3:21:47 PM PST · by MtnClimber · 6 replies
    APOD.NASA.gov ^ | 13 Jan, 2022 | Image Credit & Copyright: Jason Dain
    Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. Explanation: It's easy to get lost following the intricate, looping, twisting filaments in this detailed image of supernova remnant Simeis 147. Also cataloged as Sharpless 2-240 it goes by the popular nickname, the Spaghetti Nebula. Seen toward the boundary of the constellations Taurus and Auriga, it covers nearly 3 degrees or 6 full moons on the sky. That's about 150 light-years at the stellar debris cloud's estimated distance of 3,000 light-years. This composite includes...
  • Scientists think they've found a big, weird moon in a far-off star system

    01/13/2022 11:39:35 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 16 replies
    NPR ^ | January 13, 202211:00 AM ET | NELL GREENFIELDBOYCE
    The hunt for moons outside our solar system has just turned up another possible lunar world, a moon bigger than Earth that's orbiting a Jupiter-like planet. The planet and its moon — if it really is a moon — orbit a Sun-like star that's over 5,000 light years away, according to a report in the journal Nature Astronomy. "The moon is pretty alien compared to any moon in the solar system," says David Kipping, an astronomer at Columbia University. "We're not sure if it's rocky, we're not sure if it's gaseous. It's kind of in between the size of Neptune,...
  • Scientists want to fire 'indestructible' tardigrades to distant stars at 100 million miles per hour using massive LASERS in a bid to see how interstellar space travel affects them

    01/11/2022 3:32:01 PM PST · by fruser1 · 43 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | 1/11/2022 | Jonathan Chadwick
    The US experts want to know how interstellar space travel affects the microscopic animals, known for an ability to survive extreme conditions including in outer space. In a new paper, they've proposed building small space probes containing tardigrades, also known as 'water bears', that would travel at up to 30 per cent the speed of light into space. These probes would be propelled by laser light instead of rocket fuel, from a laser array stationed on Earth, or possibly the moon. At speeds of roughly 100 million miles per hour, tardigrades would reach the next solar system, Proxima Centauri, in...
  • CAUGHT: Pelosi & Schumer's Desperation Sham Bill

    01/13/2022 8:19:10 PM PST · by UMCRevMom@aol.com · 16 replies
    Youtube ^ | Jan 13, 2022 | JaySekulow
    Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer and Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi have hatched a whole new scheme to federalize elections. How? They gutted a NASA bill that had already been passed by the House and had made its way to the Senate floor, stripping out the language and replacing it with language that federalizes our elections. ACLJ Director of Government Affairs Thann Bennett explained how this bill was stripped down to be used for hyper-partisan legislation: "Can you imagine being the supporters of that NASA authority bill right now when it is now being used to take over elections,...
  • Persistent radio source QRS121102 investigated in detail

    01/12/2022 12:52:43 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 6 replies
    Phys.org ^ | January 11, 2021 | Tomasz Nowakowski ,
    Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are intense bursts of radio emission lasting milliseconds and showcasing characteristic dispersion sweep of radio pulsars. The physical nature of these bursts is yet unknown, and astronomers consider a variety of explanations ranging from synchrotron maser emission from young magnetars in supernova remnants to cosmic string cusps. FRB 121102 is the first repeating fast radio burst detected and one of the most extensively studied FRB sources. It exhibits complex burst morphology, sub-burst downward frequency drifts, and also complex pulse phenomenology. FRB 121102 is also one of only two FRBs reported to be spatially associated with persistent...
  • Common household cleaner [Boron]can boost effort to harvest fusion energy on Earth

    01/12/2022 1:06:45 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 18 replies
    phys.org ^ | JANUARY 11, 2022 | Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
    Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, working with Japanese researchers, made the observation on the Large Helical Device (LHD) in Japan, a twisty magnetic facility that the Japanese call a "heliotron." The results demonstrated for the first time a novel regime for confining heat in facilities known as stellarators, similar to the heliotron. The findings could advance the twisty design as a blueprint for future fusion power plants Researchers produced the higher confinement regime by injecting tiny grains of boron powder into the LHD plasma that fuels fusion reactions. The injection through a PPPL-installed dropper...
  • NASA’s New IXPE Mission Opens Its Eyes and Is Ready for Discovery!

    01/12/2022 9:51:27 AM PST · by Red Badger · 3 replies
    https://scitechdaily.com ^ | JANUARY 12, 2022 | By MOLLY PORTER, NASA’S MARSHALL SPACE FLIGHT CENTER
    Artist’s representation of IXPE in Earth orbit. Credit: NASA NASA’s newest X-ray eyes are open and ready for discovery! Having spent just over a month in space, the Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE) is working and already zeroing in on some of the hottest, most energetic objects in the universe. A joint effort between NASA and the Italian Space Agency, IXPE is the first space observatory dedicated to studying the polarization of X-rays coming from objects like exploded stars and black holes. Polarization describes how the X-ray light is oriented as it travels through space. “The start of IXPE’s science...
  • CERN experiments investigate whether antimatter falls up or down

    01/06/2022 12:01:44 PM PST · by Red Badger · 26 replies
    https://newatlas.com ^ | January 05, 2022 | By Michael Irving
    Scientists have found that antimatter particles fall down, not up, just like regular matter... Physicists at CERN have discovered that antimatter falls down. Sure, it sounds like an obvious thing, but scientists haven’t yet been able to confirm that it responds to gravity in exactly the same way as regular matter does. A new experiment provides the best answer so far. Antimatter is much like the matter that makes up everything around us, with one important difference: its particles have the opposite electric charge. And that simple difference has some major implications – whenever a particle and its antiparticle meet,...