Skip to comments.The ancient history of Neandertals in Europe [120K ago]
Posted on 07/01/2019 9:36:13 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, have retrieved nuclear genome sequences from the femur of a male Neandertal discovered in 1937 in Hohlenstein-Stadel Cave, Germany, and from the maxillary bone of a Neandertal girl found in 1993 in Scladina Cave, Belgium. Both Neandertals lived around 120,000 years ago, and therefore predate most of the Neandertals whose genomes have been sequenced to date.
By examining the nuclear genomes of these two individuals, the researchers could show that these early Neandertals in Western Europe were more closely related to the last Neandertals who lived in the same region as much as 80,000 years later, than they were to contemporaneous Neandertals living in Siberia. "The result is truly extraordinary and a stark contrast to the turbulent history of replacements, large-scale admixtures and extinctions that is seen in modern human history", says Kay Prüfer who supervised the study.
Intriguingly, unlike the nuclear genome, the mitochondrial genome of the Neandertal from Hohlenstein-Stadel Cave in Germany is quite different from that of later Neandertals - a previous report showed that more than 70 mutations distinguish it from the mitochondrial genomes of other Neandertals. The researchers suggest that early European Neandertals may have inherited DNA from a yet undescribed population. "This unknown population could represent an isolated Neandertal population yet to be discovered, or may be from a potentially larger population in Africa related to modern humans", explains Stéphane Peyrégne who led the analysis.
(Excerpt) Read more at eurekalert.org ...
This is the femur of a male Neandertal from Hohlenstein-Stadel Cave, Germany. Credit: © Oleg Kuchar, Museum Ulm
How does it compare with Human DNA?
The Neandertal Enigma"Frayer's own reading of the record reveals a number of overlooked traits that clearly and specifically link the Neandertals to the Cro-Magnons. One such trait is the shape of the opening of the nerve canal in the lower jaw, a spot where dentists often give a pain-blocking injection. In many Neandertal, the upper portion of the opening is covered by a broad bony ridge, a curious feature also carried by a significant number of Cro-Magnons. But none of the alleged 'ancestors of us all' fossils from Africa have it, and it is extremely rare in modern people outside Europe." [pp 126-127]
by James Shreeve
in local libraries
Here the music of my people!
It is human DNA. Neandertal DNA shows up in many if not most living humans -- and of course, the samples of DNA from morphologically Neandertal remains is pretty small.
:^) Here’s a retrospective anthem of us balding boomers.
We are Neanderthals.
Exhibit 1: The Democratic Presidential debates!
People today of Native American, European, Asian, and North African heritage have Neanderthal DNA in their genomes, with percentages estimated between 1-4 percent... [xref'd with] five Neanderthals who lived 39,000-47,000 years ago.
A New Batch of Neanderthal Genome Provides Insights Into Their Complex History [3/26/2018]
Very few Neaderthals submitted samples to Ancestry or 23 and Me. They didn't trust the privacy promises.
Always enjoy and find your posts interesting...
There’s a very good two-part PBS special on Amazon Prime titled Neanderthal...
Using computer graphics to investigate and recreate their physiques, gait and even speech sounds...Features Andy Serkis of Gollum/LOR fame...
That figures, they have those bigger brains.
even speech sounds.
Whenever I chat up Neanderthal chicks,
my Cro-Magnon gonads keep stalling.
It’s not a bad lick how her brow is too thick,
but that New Jersey accent’s appalling.
If the bone came from a male neanderthal shouldn’t it
be called a Hemer???
Tough to say... women go through men-opause, and men get her-nias...
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