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Keyword: neanderthals

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  • People with Neanderthal genes are TWICE as likely to develop a life-threatening form of Covid ... here's how you can check if you've got them

    09/18/2023 6:14:01 PM PDT · by Libloather · 32 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 9/18/23 | Stacy Liberatore
    They used to live in caves, hunt their food and were generally tougher than modern-day humans. But a new study finds if you have Neanderthal genes, you are twice as likely to develop a life-threatening form of Covid. DNA from the species that went extinct around 40,000 years ago is associated with autoimmune diseases, type 2 diabetes and prostate cancer. A team of Italian researchers found people with three Neanderthal gene variations were twice as likely to have severe pneumonia and three times as likely to be hospitalized with a ventilator after contracting the virus. While the findings were part...
  • Back to the future: The advantage of studying key events in human evolution using a new high resolution radiocarbon method

    04/17/2023 3:56:33 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    PLOS One ^ | February 15, 2023 | Sahra Talamo, Bernd Kromer, Michael P. Richards, Lukas Wacker
    Radiocarbon dating is the most widely applied dating method in archaeology, especially in human evolution studies, where it is used to determine the chronology of key events, such as the replacement of Neanderthals by modern humans in Europe. However, the method does not always provide precise and accurate enough ages to understand the important processes of human evolution. Here we review the newest method developments in radiocarbon dating ('Radiocarbon 3.0'), which can lead us to much better chronologies and understanding of the major events in recent human evolution. As an example, we apply these new methods to discuss the dating...
  • See stunning likeness of Zlatý kůň, the oldest modern human to be genetically sequenced News

    08/01/2023 6:43:57 AM PDT · by SJackson · 33 replies
    Live Science ^ | 7-31-23 | Jennifer Nalewicki
    Researchers created a facial approximation of a 45,000-year-old individual who is believed to be the oldest anatomically modern human ever to be genetically sequenced. In 1950, archaeologists discovered a severed skull buried deep inside a cave system in Czechia (the Czech Republic). Because the skull was split in half, researchers concluded that the skeletal remains were of two separate individuals. However, through genome sequencing done decades later, scientists concluded that the skull actually belonged to a single person: a woman who lived 45,000 years ago. Researchers named her the Zlatý kůň woman, or "golden horse" in Czech, in a nod...
  • 300,000-year-old double-pointed stick among oldest record of human-made wooden tools

    07/23/2023 7:26:52 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Cosmos magazine ^ | July 20, 2023 | Evrim Yazgin
    Archaeologists have unearthed the oldest large collection of wooden tools made by humans at a site in Schöningen, Germany. The artefacts date back to about 300,000 years ago.Included in what ancient people left behind are wooden spears and shorter throwing sticks that have been sharpened at both ends. It is unclear exactly which hominin is responsible for producing the tools, but their age suggests either Homo heidelbergensis or Homo neanderthalensis...The 300,000-year-old tools found at Schöningen were analysed using micro-CT scanning, 3D microscopy and infrared spectroscopy to better understand how they were made and their potential uses. The results are published...
  • New evidence of plant food processing in Italy during Neanderthal-to-Homo sapiens period

    07/07/2023 11:02:16 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | June 29, 2023 | University of Montreal
    Long before the invention of agriculture, humans already knew how to process cereals and other wild plants into a flour suitable for food—and now there's new evidence they did so long before scientists was previously thought.Published in Quaternary Science Reviews, an Italian-led study of five ancient grindstones from around 39,000 to 43,000 years ago shows that milling for food dates back to the transitional period between Neanderthals and Homo sapiens...The Neanderthal-to-Homo sapiens period was characterized by the coexistence of the Late Mousterian (Neanderthal), Uluzzian and Protoaurignacian (H. sapiens) techno-complexes in the northwest and southwest of present-day Italy.The grindstones come from...
  • Oldest Neanderthal cave engravings ever are discovered in France — and they date back 75,000 Years

    06/22/2023 10:16:45 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | Thursday, June 22, 2023 | Xantha Leatham
    A team from the University of Tours analyzed marks found on a wall in La Roche-Cotard cave in the French region of Centre-Val de Loire.Based on these engravings' shape, spacing and arrangement, the team concluded they were deliberate, organized and intentional shapes created by Neanderthal fingers drawing making indents on a soft surface.By analyzing sediment found at the site, they worked out that the cave had become closed off around 57,000 years ago as rocks and debris filled it up.Writing in the journal Plos One, the team said this dates the 'finger fluting' to well before Homo sapiens became established...
  • By the way, Bill...You and your Democrat friends in the leftwing media are shameful. You even have the Neanderthals at Mediocreite slobbering all over you. Unbelievable.

    06/15/2023 1:37:23 PM PDT · by conservative98 · 7 replies
    Twitter ^ | Mark Levin
    By the way, Bill, it’s the job of defense counsel to “jerk around” the government when there’s a dispute. You don’t roll over if you believe you’re in the right. Moreover, read the Durham report. You appointed the guy. DOJ is corrupt especially in its treatment of Trump. As for the Espionage Act, I challenge you to show me anywhere that it was intended to be used in this way. It wasn’t used against LBJ, Hillary, Biden, etc. There should have been no grand jury. No warrant. No swat team. No criminal obstruction. No violations of privilege. None of the...
  • Study finds Neanderthals manufactured synthetic material with underground distillation

    06/10/2023 3:34:59 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 27 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | May 30, 2023 | Justin Jackson
    Researchers at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen and colleagues in Germany have taken a closer look at the birch tar used to affix Neanderthal tools and found a much more complex technique for creating the adhesive than previously considered... the team compared different methods of creating birch tar to the chemical residues found on ancient Neanderthal tools....The birch tar used by Neanderthals predates any known adaptation by modern humans by 100,000 years. The sticky material was used as an adhesive backing to connect stone to bone and wood in tools and weapons, with the added benefit of being water-resistant...
  • Despite the dangers, early humans risked life-threatening flintknapping injuries

    06/09/2023 9:29:58 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | May 25, 2023 | Kent State University
    Every day, hundreds of stone artifact enthusiasts around the world sit down and begin striking a stone with special tools attempting to craft the perfect arrowhead or knife. This craft is known as flintknapping, and for most, it is a skilled hobby or art form that was thought to occasionally require bandages or stitches.However, new research suggests flintknapping is far more dangerous than previously understood. And for early humans who were without the modern conveniences of hospitals, antibiotics, treated water and band-aids, a more severe cut could get infected and be life-threatening...They found Nicholas Gala, at the time a Kent...
  • Seeing the 'Invisible Humans' of Archaeology Through the Gunk on Their Teeth

    05/21/2023 9:54:30 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Haaretz ^ | May 21, 2023 | Ruth Schuster
    Like the teeth themselves, under the right conditions the gunk on your teeth may survive not just thousands but millions of years in the grave. Isn't that good to know.Advanced dental decay and plaque buildup have been detected in Dryopithecus carinthiacus, a primate that lived in Europe 12.5 million years ago, suggesting it doted on high-sugar fruit. Sivapithecus sivalensis, who lived between 9.3 to 8.7 million years ago in Pakistan, was also apparently frugivorous. Analysis of ancient plaque has shed light on the mobility of Neanderthals and other hominins, as implied by dietary changes, and shored up the thesis that...
  • Nose shape gene inherited from Neanderthals

    05/10/2023 11:47:23 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 36 replies
    University College London ^ | May 9, 2023 | Media contact: Chris Lane
    Humans inherited genetic material from Neanderthals that affects the shape of our noses, finds a new study led by UCL researchers...The researchers newly identified 33 genome regions associated with face shape, 26 of which they were able to replicate in comparisons with data from other ethnicities using participants in east Asia, Europe, or Africa.In one genome region in particular, called ATF3, the researchers found that many people in their study with Native American ancestry (as well as others with east Asian ancestry from another cohort) had genetic material in this gene that was inherited from the Neanderthals, contributing to increased...
  • New clues to the behavioral variability of Neanderthal hunting parties

    04/11/2023 9:10:03 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies
    A recent study looks at the spatial organization of a Neanderthal hunting camp at the Navalmaíllo Rock Shelter site in Pinilla del Valle (Madrid), and concludes that these groups employed different models of occupation of the space to fit their needs.Abel Moclán, a predoctoral researcher attached to the Universidad de Burgos (UBU), the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), and the Institute of Evolution in Africa (IDEA), is the lead author of a paper published in the journal Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, which undertakes a spatial analysis of the faunal remains and lithic tools for the Neanderthal...
  • Proof that Neanderthals ate crabs is another 'nail in the coffin' for primitive cave dweller stereotypes

    02/12/2023 10:09:33 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 53 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | February 7, 2023 | Frontiers
    In a cave just south of Lisbon, archaeological deposits conceal a Paleolithic dinner menu. As well as stone tools and charcoal, the site of Gruta de Figueira Brava contains rich deposits of shells and bones with much to tell us about the Neanderthals that lived there—especially about their meals. A study published in Frontiers in Environmental Archaeology shows that 90,000 years ago, these Neanderthals were cooking and eating crabs...A wide variety of shellfish remains were found in the archaeological remains Nabais and her colleagues studied, but the shellfish in the undisturbed Paleolithic deposits are overwhelmingly represented by brown crabs. Their...
  • Neanderthals lived in groups big enough to eat giant elephants

    02/08/2023 10:08:41 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 54 replies
    Science ^ | February 1, 2023 | Andrew Curry
    On the muddy shores of a lake in east-central Germany, Neanderthals gathered some 125,000 years ago to butcher massive elephants. With sharp stone tools, they harvested up to 4 tons of flesh from each animal, according to a new study that is casting these ancient human relatives in a new light. The degree of organization required to carry out the butchery—and the sheer quantity of food it provided—suggests Neanderthals could form much larger social groups than previously thought.The find comes from a trove of animal bones and stone tools uncovered in the 1980s by coal miners near the town of...
  • Portrait of an 8-year-old Neanderthal boy who lived more than 30,000 years ago is REVEALED by scientists who reconstructed his face using a skull found in 1938

    01/19/2023 12:45:03 AM PST · by blueplum · 47 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 18 Jan 2023 | By STACY LIBERATORE
    The face of an eight-year-old Neanderthal boy who died more than 30,000 years ago has been reconstructed by scientists who used a skull initially found in the Teshik-Tash cave in Uzbekistan in 1938. The portrait is the first three-dimensional restoration of a Neanderthal skull fossil, which reveals the young boy had a small, turned-up nose that sunk into his face. The fossil is the first Neanderthal fossil discovered in Asia and the only complete Asian Neanderthal skull fossil preserved so far....
  • Humans migrated to Mongolia much earlier than previously believed

    08/21/2019 4:42:07 AM PDT · by zeestephen · 25 replies
    Science Daily ^ | 16 August 2019 | University of California - Davis
    Stone tools uncovered in Mongolia by an international team of archaeologists indicate that modern humans traveled across the Eurasian steppe about 45,000 years ago, according to a new University of California, Davis, study. The date is about 10,000 years earlier than archaeologists previously believed.
  • Excitement Builds as Comet Approaches Earth for First Time in About 50,000 Years

    01/06/2023 9:08:32 AM PST · by Red Badger · 64 replies
    Legal Insurrection ^ | Friday, January 6, 2023 at 09:00am | by Leslie Eastman
    C/2022 E3 (ZTF) is set to pass by Earth for the first time since Neanderthals existed 50,000 years ago. Excitement among sky-watchers is building as a comet, not visible since the time of the Neanderthals, is heading towards Earth again. Formally known as C/2022 E3 (ZTF), the comet orbits the sun every 50,000 years and is set to make its closest approach to our planet on February 1, 2023. E3 was discovered in March, but scientists recently snapped the first detailed photo revealing its brighter greenish coma and a yellowy dust tail. While the comet is too dim to see...
  • Comet 2022 E3 (ZTF) Updates ... 2023

    01/02/2023 7:56:05 PM PST · by Orlando · 16 replies
    youtube ^ | 1-2-2023 | Vetfather
    This video cover new updates, and alot of unknowns... and provide new updates as it get closer to Earth !
  • Comet set to pass by Earth for the first time since Neanderthals existed 50,000 years ago is revealed in a new image

    12/30/2022 3:17:01 AM PST · by blueplum · 34 replies
    Daily Mail UK ^ | 29 Dec 2022 | STACY LIBERATORE
    A comet not seen since Neanderthals walked the Earth is set to make a return trip - and astronomers have shared the first detailed image of the 'cosmic snowball.' Formally known as C/2022 E3 (ZTF), the comet orbits the sun every 50,000 years and is set to make its closest approach to our planet on February 1, 2023.... ....The comet is currently 117 million miles from Earth and is set to reach the sun on January 1, loop around and make its closest approach to our planet. And E3 will be the first comet seen to the naked eye since...
  • Mysterious ancient humans may have given people of Papua New Guinea an immune advantage

    12/16/2022 10:00:27 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    Science ^ | December 8 2022 | Ann Gibbons
    When modern humans first migrated from Africa to the tropical islands of the southwest Pacific, they encountered unfamiliar people and new pathogens. But their immune systems may have picked up some survival tricks when they mated with the locals—the mysterious Denisovans who gave them immune gene variants that might have protected the newcomers’ offspring from local diseases. Some of these variants still persist in the genomes of people living in Papua New Guinea today, according to a new study.Researchers have known for a decade that living people in Papua New Guinea and other parts of Melanesia, a subregion of the...