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Keyword: neandertal

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  • Stone Age Seafood-Based Diet Was Full Of Toxic Metals

    03/09/2020 1:43:27 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 65 replies
    Forbes ^ | Leap Day, February 29, 2020 | David Bressan
    In 2015, researchers reported that cod caught off the North American coast around 6,500 years ago by Stone Age hunter-gatherers contained more than 20 times the levels of mercury recommended for humans today... They analyzed the chemical composition of bones of animals, like Atlantic cod and harp seals, disposed of in ancient garbage pits, and so preserved to this day. Both species were among the main ingredients in the diet of the local people, even if the early hunter-gatherers, based on cut marks found on the bones, also successfully hunted for haddock, whale, dolphin, reindeer and beaver. The analyzed bones...
  • A Stunning Neanderthal Skeleton Was Just Unearthed at a Famous Burial Site

    02/18/2020 1:09:22 PM PST · by Red Badger · 44 replies
    www.sciencealert.com ^ | 18 FEB 2020 | MICHELLE STARR
    One of the most important archaeological sites for our understanding of Neanderthals is still disgorging its secrets. A new skeleton has been found in Shanidar Cave in Iraqi Kurdistan, and it's helping reveal how the Neanderthals dealt with their dead. Shanidar Cave is famous for what is known as the Flower Burial. Among 10 fragmentary Neanderthal skeletons unearthed there in the 1950s and 1960s, one was found with clumps of pollen mixed in with the surrounding dirt. This was interpreted as evidence that the bones - belonging to a man aged between 30 and 45 years - had been buried...
  • How did the last Neanderthals live?

    02/06/2020 12:07:41 PM PST · by Bob Ireland · 69 replies
    Archaeology via BBC Future ^ | January 29, 2020 | By Melissa Hogenboom
    In many ways, the last surviving Neanderthals are a mystery. But four caves in Gibraltar have given an unprecedented insight into what their lives might have been like. Forty thousand years ago in Europe, we were not the only human species alive – there were at least three others. Many of us are familiar with one of these, the Neanderthals. Fossil evidence shows that, towards the end, the final few were clinging onto survival in places like Gibraltar. In recognition of this, Gibraltar received Unesco world heritage status in 2016. ... "They weren't just surviving," the Gibraltar museum's director of...
  • Stone Tools Reveal Epic Trek of Nomadic Neanderthals

    02/04/2020 10:55:53 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 26 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | January 2020 | Kseniya Kolobova, Maciej T. Krajcarz, Richard 'Bert' Roberts
    ...the Neanderthals who lived in Chagyrskaya Cave in southern Siberia around 54,000 years ago. Their distinctive stone tools are dead ringers for those found thousands of kilometres away in eastern and central Europe. The intercontinental journey made by these intrepid Neanderthals is equivalent to walking from Sydney to Perth, or from New York to Los Angeles, and is a rare example of long-distance migration by Palaeolithic people... Neanderthals are now believed to have created 176,000 year-old enigmatic structures made from broken stalactites in a cave in France, and cave art in Spain that dates back more than 65,000 years. They...
  • Modern Humans With African Ancestry Have More Neanderthal Genes Than We Thought

    01/31/2020 12:31:26 PM PST · by Red Badger · 55 replies
    www.sciencealert.com ^ | 31 JAN 2020 | MIKE MCRAE
    (Michael Brace/Flickr/CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) _____________________________________________________________ Deep inside our DNA lurks a legacy of lust and romance between estranged human bloodlines reconnecting on an epic journey around the globe. It now seems we might have been misreading key details in this erotic tale. A new method for analysing our genomes for traces of Neanderthal genes has revealed modern African populations – long assumed to be Neanderthal-free – also have a mixed heritage after all. "This is the first time we can detect the actual signal of Neanderthal ancestry in Africans," says geneticist Lu Chen from Princeton University in the US. "And...
  • A Gene Tied To Facial Development Hints Humans Domesticated Themselves

    01/26/2020 10:50:14 PM PST · by blam · 36 replies
    Science News Magazine ^ | 1-27-2020 | Tina Hesman Saey
    Called BAZ1B, it may also help explain why domesticated animals look cuter than their wild kin Domestic animals’ cuteness and humans’ relatively flat faces may be the work of a gene that controls some important developmental cells, a study of lab-grown human cells suggests. Some scientists are touting the finding as the first real genetic evidence for two theories about domestication. One of those ideas is that humans domesticated themselves over many generations, by weeding out hotheads in favor of the friendly and cooperative (SN: 7/6/17). As people supposedly selected among themselves for tameness traits, other genetic changes occurred that...
  • Neanderthals dived for shells to make tools, research suggests

    01/16/2020 4:47:28 PM PST · by blueplum · 35 replies
    The Guardian UK ^ | 15 Jan 2020 | Nicola Davis
    Neanderthals went diving for shells to turn into tools, according to new research, suggesting our big-browed cousins made more use of the sea than previously thought. The study focuses on 171 shell tools that were found in a now inaccessible coastal cave in central Italy, known as the Grotta dei Moscerini, which was excavated in 1949. Dating of animal teeth found within layers alongside the shell tools suggest they are from about 90,000 to 100,000 years ago – a time when only Neanderthals are thought to have been present in western Europe....(snip) ...The team reported another surprise: the discovery of...
  • Humans migrated from Europe to the Levant 40,000 years ago

    11/10/2019 5:43:46 AM PST · by Openurmind · 54 replies
    Science Daily ^ | November 5, 2019 | Tel Aviv University
    Who exactly were the Aurignacians, who lived in the Levant 40,000 years ago? Researchers from Tel Aviv University, the Israel Antiquities Authority, and Ben-Gurion University now report that these culturally sophisticated yet mysterious humans migrated from Europe to the Levant some 40,000 years ago, shedding light on a significant era in the region's history. The Aurignacian culture first appeared in Europe some 43,000 years ago and is known for having produced bone tools, artifacts, jewelry, musical instruments, and cave paintings. For years, researchers believed that modern man's entry into Europe led to the rapid decline of the Neanderthals, either through...
  • Neanderthal extinction linked to human diseases

    11/10/2019 5:39:36 AM PST · by Openurmind · 32 replies
    Science Daily ^ | Nov 7, 2019 | Stanford University
    In a new study published in the journal Nature Communications, Greenbaum and his colleagues propose that complex disease transmission patterns can explain not only how modern humans were able to wipe out Neanderthals in Europe and Asia in just a few thousand years but also, perhaps more puzzling, why the end didn't come sooner. "Our research suggests that diseases may have played a more important role in the extinction of the Neanderthals than previously thought. They may even be the main reason why modern humans are now the only human group left on the planet," said Greenbaum, who is the...
  • Found for the first time in the Peninsula an ornament with eagle talons from the Neanderthal Period

    11/03/2019 3:33:59 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | Friday, November 1, 2019 | University of Barcelona
    Eagle talons are regarded as the first elements used to make jewellery by Neanderthals, a practice which spread around Southern Europe about 120,000 and 40,000 years ago. Now, for the first time, researchers found evidence of the ornamental uses of eagle talons in the Iberian Peninsula... "Neanderthals used eagle talons as symbolic elements, probably as necklace pendants, from the beginnings of the mid Palaeolithic", notes Antonio Rodríguez-Hidalgo. In particular, what researchers found in Cova Foradada are bone remains from Spanish Imperial Eagle (Aquila Adalberti), from more than 39,000 years ago, with some marks that show these were used to take...
  • Gene Separates Early Humans from Apes

    08/26/2002 1:22:49 PM PDT · by Pharmboy · 68 replies · 821+ views
    Reuters Science via Yahoo ^ | 8-26-02 | Maggie Fox
    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A gene that separates humans from the apes and all other animals seems to have disappeared from humans up to three million years ago, just before they first stood upright, researchers said on Monday. Most animals have the gene but people do not -- and it may be somehow involved in the expansion of the brain, the international team of researchers said. The gene controls production of a sialic acid -- a kind of sugar -- called Neu5Gc, the researchers write in an advance online issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ( news...
  • Dating questions challenge whether Neandertals drew Spanish cave art

    10/31/2019 11:48:43 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 38 replies
    Science News ^ | October 28, 2019 | Bruce Bower
    Spanish cave paintings, including these hand stencils (center), may not date to Neandertal times due to complications with a technique for dating mineral deposits, researchers argue. But the claim is controversial... The latest volley in this debate, published October 21 in the Journal of Human Evolution, contends that rock art in three Spanish caves that had been dated to at least roughly 65,000 years ago may actually be tens of thousands of years younger. If so, then Stone Age humans could have created the painted symbols and hand outlines (SN: 2/22/18). Neandertals died out by around 40,000 years ago (SN:...
  • New study on early human fire acquisition squelches debate

    10/30/2019 12:45:05 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 36 replies
    ScienceDaily ^ | October 25, 2019 | University of Connecticut
    Now, a team of University of Connecticut researchers, working with colleagues from Armenia, the U.K., and Spain, has found compelling evidence that early humans such as Neanderthals not only controlled fire, but also mastered the ability to generate it. "Fire was presumed to be the domain of Homo sapiens but now we know that other ancient humans like Neanderthals could create it," says co-author Daniel Adler, associate professor in anthropology. "So perhaps we are not so special after all." Their work, published today in Scientific Reports, pairs archaeological, hydrocarbon and isotope evidence of human interactions with fire, with what the...
  • Scientists find early humans moved through Mediterranean earlier than believed

    10/20/2019 6:48:19 AM PDT · by Openurmind · 13 replies
    Science Daily/McMaster University ^ | Oct 16, 2019 | Michelle Donovan
    Scientists have unearthed new evidence in Greece proving that the island of Naxos was inhabited by Neanderthals and earlier humans at least 200,000 years ago, tens of thousands of years earlier than previously believed. The findings, published today in the journal Science Advances, are based on years of excavations and challenge current thinking about human movement in the region -- long thought to have been inaccessible and uninhabitable to anyone but modern humans. The new evidence is leading researchers to reconsider the routes our early ancestors took as they moved out of Africa into Europe and demonstrates their ability to...
  • Prehistoric humans ate bone marrow like canned soup 400,000 years ago...

    10/18/2019 5:09:47 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    ScienceDaily ^ | October 9, 2019 | American Friends of Tel Aviv University
    Tel Aviv University researchers, in collaboration with scholars from Spain, have uncovered evidence of the storage and delayed consumption of animal bone marrow at Qesem Cave near Tel Aviv, the site of many major discoveries from the late Lower Paleolithic period some 400,000 years ago. The research provides direct evidence that early Paleolithic people saved animal bones for up to nine weeks before feasting on them inside Qesem Cave... The researchers contend that the deer metapodials were kept at the cave covered in skin to facilitate the preservation of marrow for consumption in time of need. The researchers evaluated the...
  • Insight into competitive advantage of modern humans over Neanderthals

    10/07/2019 7:33:29 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 65 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | September 29, 2019 | Tohoku University
    A team of Japanese and Italian researchers, including from Tohoku University, have evidenced mechanically delivered projectile weapons in Europe dating to 45,000-40,000 years - more than 20,000 years than previously thought. This study, entitled "The earliest evidence for mechanically delivered projectile weapons in Europe" published in Nature Ecology & Evolution, indicated that the spearthrower and bow-and-arrow technologies allowed modern humans to hunt more successfully than Neanderthals - giving them a competitive advantage. This discovery offered important insight to understand the reasons for the replacement of Neanderthals by modern humans. Apparently, Neanderthals and modern humans coexisted in Europe for at least...
  • Ancient footprints show Neanderthals may have been taller than thought

    09/28/2019 10:04:25 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 80 replies
    New Scientist ^ | 9 September 2019 | Alison George
    The 257 fossil footprints were found in a coastal creek bed in Le Rozel in northern France. They were made around 80,000 years ago and preserved in sandy mud. Most of the footprints were from children and may show that Neanderthals could have been taller than previously thought. "The discovery of so many Neanderthal footprints at one site is extraordinary," says Isabelle de Groote at Liverpool John Moores University, who was not involved with the study. Before this, only nine Neanderthal footprints were known, from 4 different sites, says Jérémy Duveau of the MuséumNational d'Histoire Naturelle in France, who led...
  • Neanderthals may have been wiped out by EAR INFECTIONS: Scientists say complications of the common..

    09/20/2019 11:41:54 AM PDT · by RummyChick · 63 replies
    dm ^ | 9/20/2019 | jack elsom
    Ear infections likely killed off the Neanderthals, according to scientists who claim to have cracked the mystery surrounding the species' extinction. While antibiotics are taken for granted in the modern world, a lack of sophisticated medicine 40,000 years ago is believed to have seen the archaic species suffer from the common childhood illness and then perish. Moreover, Neanderthals were more prone to contracting an ear infection as they had smaller ears, providing a tighter space for bacteria to become clogged up. This is believed to have led to breathing and hearing problems and pneumonia.
  • Neanderthals fished more frequently than previously thought, study says

    08/20/2019 9:04:53 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 47 replies
    Daily Sabah ^ | August 15, 2019 | AFP
    New research published Wednesday revealed that abnormal bony growths in the ear canal, also called "surfer's ear" and often seen in people who take part in water sports in colder climates, occurred frequently in our ancient cousins who died out around 40,000 years ago. ...the findings may mean they fished far more frequently than the archaeological record suggests, the scientists behind the study published in journal PLOS One said. "It reinforces a number of arguments and sources of data to argue for a level of adaptability and flexibility and capability among the Neanderthals, which has been denied them by some...
  • Why Do Humans Grunt When They Bend Over? Science Weighs In

    08/12/2019 5:38:32 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 23 replies
    Science Alert ^ | 11 AUG 2019 | ANDREW LAVENDER,
    When we lift something relatively heavy, make fast movements (like hitting a tennis ball), or even stand up from sitting, we stiffen our torso. This stabilises our entire body. If we were too relaxed, we would be floppy, lose balance and risk falling over. So we fill the lungs by breathing in and tense up the muscles of the torso to stabilise the spine. We throw our arms forward to provide momentum and with this effort, we hold our breath to maintain that stability as we stand. We then release the breath slowly or quickly, depending on the nature of...