Free Republic 2nd Qtr 2024 Fundraising Target: $81,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $61,704
Woo hoo!! And we're now over 76%!! Thank you all very much!! God bless.

Keyword: persianempire

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • The Persian Conquest of Jerusalem (614 CE) ––An Archaeological Assessment

    04/24/2024 3:29:35 AM PDT · by Cronos · 9 replies
    Bible interpretation arizona ^ | October 2010 | Gideon Avni
    The Persian conquest of Palestine in 614 CE is described in historical sources as a most violent military raid that dramatically affected the political and administrative stability of Byzantine Palestine, involving large scale damage to churches and a mass killing of the local Christian population. Common view has it that the conquest marked a turning point in the history of the Near East and was one of the causes for the rapid Early Islamic conquests, twenty years later. Although the Persian domination - lasting only 14 years (614-628), was a very brief episode in the long historical sequence of Palestine,...
  • One should never forget about the Persians ~ The Eternal Peace between the Roman Empire and Persia is broken after 8 years

    11/26/2023 11:51:13 AM PST · by Antoninus · 4 replies
    Gloria Romanorum ^ | November 26, 2023 | Florentius
    When Justinian secured the so-called "Eternal Peace" with the Persians in AD 532 after the Battle of Daras, it is likely that he realized that the peace on his eastern frontier would not actually be perpetual. But he probably thought it would last longer that seven or eight years. In any event, the emperor made the most the respite, gathering his substantial forces from the east which had previously been on station to face down the Persian menace, and readying them for a thrust to the West. His first target was the Vandal Kingdom which had ruled Roman Africa for...
  • Archaeologists Uncover Over 2,000 Seal Impressions in Ancient Doliche

    11/18/2023 2:06:05 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | November 16, 2023 | Markus Milligan
    Doliche was founded as a Hellenistic colony during the 2nd century BC in the present-day province of Gaziantep, Turkey. During antiquity, the city was located in the ancient region of Cyrrhestica, which was annexed by the Roman Empire in AD 72.Previous excavations in the city have unearthed the remains of a Mithraic temple, rock cut graves, and a stele depicting a previously unknown Iron Age deity.A recent study by the Asia Minor Research Centre has found over 2,000 seal impressions used to seal documents from the city municipal archive. The impressions consist of stamped clay lumps that range from 5...
  • Vast and Deadly Fleets May Yield Secrets at Last

    07/25/2004 6:26:36 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies · 691+ views
    New York Times ^ | April 20, 2004 | William J. Broad
    The Persian Wars may be famed in history, but few artifacts and material remains have emerged to shed light on how the ancient Greeks defeated the Asian invaders and saved Europe in what scholars call one of the first great victories of freedom over tyranny. It is well known that a deadly warship of antiquity, the trireme, a fast galley powered by three banks of rowers pulling up to 200 oars, played a crucial role in the fierce battles. Its bronze ram could smash enemy ships, and armed soldiers could leap aboard a foe's vessel in hand-to-hand combat with...
  • Why the Romans had Better Teeth than Modern Europeans

    11/01/2022 8:43:22 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 49 replies
    YouTube ^ | September 2, 2022 | Garrett Ryan (as toldinstone)
    Chapters:0:00 Introduction1:09 Toothpicks and tooth powders2:49 Dealing with bad breath and toothache3:47 Established Titles5:13 Roman dentistry6:28 Dentures7:05 The evidence from Pompeii8:25 Worn enamel and plaqueWhy the Romans had Better Teeth than Modern Europeanstoldinstone | September 2, 2022
  • Women's rights in ancient Persia

    05/18/2008 10:52:41 PM PDT · by BlackVeil · 16 replies · 1,120+ views
    Press TV ^ | 17 May 2008 | Tamara Ebrahimpour
    Zoroastrian texts such as the Avesta clearly define the status of Persian women and reveal that at a time when many women in the world were deprived of their basic rights, Persian women enjoyed social and legal freedom and were treated with great respect. Avestan texts mention both genders asking them to share responsibility and make decisions together. They are equally praised for their good deeds rather than their gender, wealth or power. “Whoever, man or woman, does what Thou, O Ahura Mazda, knowest to be the best in Life. Whoever does right for the sake of Right; Whoever in...
  • Archaeologists suggest that Rabana-Merquly could be the lost city of Natounia

    07/22/2022 10:48:59 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | July 20, 2022 | Antiquity
    Archaeologists excavating the site of Rabana-Merquly, suggest that the mountain fortress could be the lost city of Natounia.Rabana-Merquly is located on the flanks of Mt. Piramagrun in the Zagros Mountains of Iraqi Kurdistan. The fortress consists of nearly 4km of fortifications, in addition to two smaller settlements, for which Rabana-Merquly is named.Rabana-Merquly is located on the eastern border of Adiabene, which was governed by the kings of a local dynasty dependent on the Parthians. It may have been used, among other things, to conduct trade with the pastoral tribes in the back country, maintain diplomatic relations, or exert military pressure.Within...
  • The surprising landscape of Indian Jewish food

    04/24/2022 9:09:41 PM PDT · by Cronos · 15 replies
    BBC ^ | 25 April 2022 | Anita Rao Kashi
    Separated by geography and language, there's not much that might seem to connect India's five dwindling Jewish communities – except praying in Hebrew, and food. ...Kolkata is home to the Baghdadi Jews, who were once abundant enough to warrant five synagogues; now there aren't enough for a minyan (minimum [10] male Jews required for liturgical purposes). Magen David and the smaller Beth El Synagogue were both classified as protected monuments and renovated by the Archaeological Survey of India in 2017. ...The story of disappearing Jewish populations finds echoes elsewhere in India. Jews are believed to have first arrived in India...
  • How much Gold did the Romans have - and where is it now?

    12/08/2021 10:07:03 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 63 replies
    YouTube ^ | December 7, 2022 | toldinstone
    This video estimates the amount of gold in the Roman Empire - and the approximate chances of that gold ending up in your smartphone.How much Gold did the Romans have - and where is it now? | December 7, 2022 | toldinstone
  • Xenophon, Anabasis [Xen. Anab. 3.4; Xenophon describes the ruins of two Assyrian cities]

    10/18/2021 2:27:50 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies ^ | Fifth century B.C. | Carleton L. Brownson, Ed
    After faring thus badly the enemy departed, while the Greeks continued their march unmolested through the remainder of the day and arrived at the Tigris river. Here was a large deserted city; its name was Larisa, and it was inhabited in ancient times by the Medes. Its wall was twenty-five feet in breadth and a hundred in height, and the whole circuit of the wall was two parasangs. It was built of clay bricks, and rested upon a stone foundation twenty feet high... Near by this city was a pyramid of stone, a plethrum in breadth and two plethra in...
  • Ancient Super Navies | Ancient Discoveries (S4, E2)

    09/17/2021 9:43:13 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    YouTube ^ | History channel
    Using the latest scientific techniques to solve the greatest mysteries of the ancient world's naval technology, our team of underwater detectives and elite naval commandos are investigating legends, in Season 4, Episode 2, "Ancient Super Navies."The HISTORY Channel® is the leading destination for award-winning original series and specials that connect viewers with history in an informative, immersive, and entertaining manner across all platforms. The network's all-original programming slate features a roster of hit series, premium documentaries, and scripted event programming.Ancient Super Navies | Ancient Discoveries (S4, E2) | Full Episode | History | Sep 8, 2021 | History
  • An Analysis of Herodotus in "The Persian Wars": 8. The Battle of Plataia

    06/08/2021 6:17:22 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies
    The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies ^ | 1960 | Professor Livio Catullo Stecchini
    Mardonios had urged the King not to abandon the enterprise even after the debacle at Salamis. According to Mardonios there was a way to invade the Peloponnese even without a ferry and he argued with the King that he could proceed to that invasion the following year if he had 300,000 men, that is, half of the army that had come to Greece in 380 B.C.Mardonios marched with the King's army up to Thessaly and there he went into winter quarters. The following spring he was joined by 40,000 men under Artabazos who had followed the King in his withdrawal...
  • An Analysis of Herodotus in "The Persian Wars": 4. The Battle of Marathon

    06/01/2021 9:44:24 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies ^ | 1960 | Professor Livio Catullo Stecchini
    The Persian plans were intelligently and carefully conceived, as they usually were, but they were foiled by the genius of Miltiades who followed the military maxim pour les vaincre il faut de l'audace, encore de l'audace, toujours de l'audace. The Persians knew that after the withdrawal of the cavalry they were exposed to an Athenian attack, but they must have calculated that if this attack was launched they could embark their infantry and sail off before the Athenians reached the shore. At a normal pace it would take about 15 or 20 minutes for the Athenian hoplite formation to advance...
  • The Other Side of Beth Shemesh: Salvage archaeology exposes deep history of famed Biblical site

    06/01/2021 5:41:43 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 2 replies
    Biblical Archaeology Review ^ | May 28, 2021 | Boaz Gross
    Tel Beth Shemesh was one of the first biblical sites to be excavated in the Land of Israel. The site is perched on a low hill overlooking the wide Soreq Valley, a main water source crossing lush agricultural land, on the border between the higher Shephelah (foothills) to the west and the Judean Highland to the east. Biblical Beth-Shemesh appears in the Books of Joshua, Judges, 1 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings, and 1 and 2 Chronicles—notably as the place where the Philistines returned the briefly captured Ark of the Covenant to the Israelites (1 Samuel 6).In 1856, Edward Robinson...
  • Discovery of Biblical Scrolls Shows Importance of Greek Old Testament, Scholar Says

    03/21/2021 6:13:57 PM PDT · by marshmallow · 6 replies
    Catholic News Agency ^ | 3/19/21 | Jonah McKeown
    Denver Newsroom, Mar 19, 2021 / 03:01 am MT (CNA).- Israeli archaeologists announced this week the discovery of several new sets of Dead Sea Scrolls— ancient fragments of biblical text that have, for the past 70 years, contributed to scholars’ knowledge about the Old Testament. The new scroll fragments, which the Israeli Antiquities Authority announced March 16, include the books of Zechariah and Nahum, both minor prophets. Dr. John Bergsma, professor of theology at Franciscan University of Steubenville who has written and spoken extensively on the Dead Sea Scrolls, told CNA that an interesting feature of the scrolls recently found...
  • Dead Sea scroll discovery brings tantalizing prospect of more yet to be found

    03/17/2021 11:52:46 AM PDT · by Olog-hai · 29 replies
    Times of Israel ^ | 16 March 2021, 5:26 pm | Amanda Borschel-Dan
    On a day that saw the Israel Antiquities Authority unveil the first Bible scroll fragments found in decades and numerous other dazzling artifacts from the “Cave of Horror” above the Dead Sea — including a huge 10,500-year-old complete woven basket, the oldest in the world — perhaps the most extraordinary news is that there are another 20 promising caves, holding untold potential treasures, that have yet to be excavated. That means the dozens of fragments shown to the public on Tuesday could mark the beginning of an exciting new era of discovery, 60 years after the last major scroll finds....
  • Israeli archaeologists discover biblical scroll fragments for the first time in 60 years

    03/18/2021 7:46:20 AM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 4 replies
    Christian Post ^ | 03/18/2021 | Brandon Showalter
    Dozens of 2,000-year-old fragments from scrolls containing portions of the books of Nahum and Zechariah have been unearthed in Israel, an extremely rare discovery in the Judean Desert. The Israel Antiquities Authority announced the discovery of the uncovered fragments on Tuesday. They are the first of such discoveries in approximately 60 years. The Dead Sea Scrolls are fragments of religious manuscripts that were originally found in the Judaean Desert decades ago. The newly discovered fragments are Greek translations of the two minor prophets. Despite most of the fragments being in Greek, the name of God is written in Hebrew. The...
  • In a Remarkable Find, Archaeologists Exploring the ‘Cave of Horror’ in Israel Have Discovered a New Dead Sea Scroll

    03/16/2021 5:48:17 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 21 replies
    Artnet News ^ | March 16, 2021 | Sarah Cascone
    They also discovered a partially mummified 6,000-year-old skeleton of a child.For the first time in 60 years, archaeologists have discovered a new fragment of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a cache of ancient Jewish and Hebrew religious manuscripts uncovered in the Qumran Caves on the northern shore of the Dead Sea. The Israel Antiquities Authority, which carried out the excavations, believes the new scroll, written in Greek, is actually a missing part of the “Book of the 12 Minor Prophets” scroll, first discovered in 1961. It contains verses from Zechariah 8:16-17 and Nahum 1:5-6. The minor differences in the wording compared...
  • Bible scroll from Bar Kochba era discovered in Judean Desert

    03/16/2021 4:27:19 AM PDT · by Eleutheria5 · 15 replies
    Arutz Sheva ^ | 16/3/21
    “These are the things you are to do: Speak the truth to one another, render true and perfect justice in your gates. And do not contrive evil against one another, and do not love perjury, because all those are things that I hate—declares the Lord.” These verses, from Zechariah 8:16–17, were discovered in a cave where Jewish refugees hid almost 1900 years ago. The verses, written on dozens of parchment fragments were discovered in a complex and challenging national-archaeological operation undertaken by the Israel Antiquities Authority on the cliffs of the Judean Desert, since 2017, in order to prevent antiquities...
  • Israeli archeologists discover new Dead Sea Scrolls for first time in 60 years

    03/16/2021 3:48:44 AM PDT · by Libloather · 23 replies
    TEL AVIV - Israeli archeologists on Tuesday revealed dozens of recently-discovered fragments of biblical texts, known as the Dead Sea Scrolls, which build on a collection of ancient Jewish religious manuscripts that was first discovered 60 years ago. Israel’s Antiquities Authorities said that the pieces of parchment feature lines of Greek text from the books of Zechariah and Nahum which have been radiocarbon dated to the 2nd century A.D. The discovery is the result of a years-long Israeli excavation in the Judean Desert and are believed to belong to a set known as “The Cave of Horror,” named for the...