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  • Albanian Neolithic Remains Evidence Oldest Known Case of Osteopetrosis

    11/06/2020 10:24:40 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 3 replies
    Explaining Albania ^ | October 24, 2020 | Alice Taylor
    German researchers have discovered the oldest known case of osteopetrosis or "stone bone" disease in the remains of a man from the Neolithic lacustrine settlement of Maliq in southeast Albania. Osteopetrosis is a rare disorder which manifests through the hardening and solidifying of bones, making them more susceptible to fracture. The study was conducted by palaeopathologist Julia Gresky of the German Archaeological Institute and colleagues. The researchers describe the area as having an important role in the Neolithisation of the Balkan region as it was home to some of the first agricultural economies in the area. The bones they found...
  • At least five types of dog existed by the end of the Ice Age, 11,000 years ago

    10/30/2020 3:53:23 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 25 replies
    CNN ^ | October 30, 2020 | Amy Woodyatt,
    Now, a study published Friday in the journal Science has shown that the genetic diversity in modern dogs can be traced back to the end of the last Ice Age, linking Fido and Rex to ancient canine populations. Researchers studied DNA extracted from bones from ancient dogs for clues to evolutionary changes that occurred thousands of years ago, and found that just after the Ice Age, there were at least five types of dog with distinct genetic ancestries. They found that dog lineages have "mixed and combined," and are still present in the dogs of today. ... And while modern...
  • Sweden: Bones of dog found at Stone Age burial site

    09/28/2020 12:36:11 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 30 replies
    ABC News ^ | Associated Press
    Archaeologists on Thursday reported finding the remains of a dog from more than 8,400 years ago at a human burial site in southern Sweden... The Swedish archaeologists said the dog was buried with a person, noting that survivors often leave valuable or sentimental objects with the dead. Such findings "makes you feel even closer to the people who lived here," Persson said in a statement. "A buried dog somehow shows how similar we are over the millennia when it comes to the feelings like grief and loss."
  • BREAKING: Scientists say dogs align along earth’s north-south axis when pooping

    01/04/2014 7:08:06 AM PST · by mandaladon · 79 replies
    The Daily Caller ^ | 4 Jan 2014 | Eric Owens
    A team of European scientists with way too much time on its hands has discovered that dogs tend to position themselves in alignment with the earth’s magnetic field before they take every big, steamy dump. The Czech and German researchers committed two years of their professional lives to the longitudinal study of canine crap, reports The Christian Science Monitor. The point was to determine magnetic sensitivity in dogs—at least when they poop. The proud scientists say the findings “open new horizons for biomagnetic research.” There were 37 dog owners in Germany and the Czech Republic involved in the study. There...
  • Genetic testing suggests horse domestication did not begin in Anatolia

    09/20/2020 10:24:00 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 38 replies
    Phys.org ^ | September 17, 2020 | Bob Yirka
    For many years, scientists have believed that the horse was first domesticated in Anatolia approximately 5,500 years ago. Anatolia is the peninsula also known as Asia Minor; today it makes up most of Turkey. In this new effort, the researchers have found evidence that suggests that horses were actually first domesticated in the Eurasian Steppe and were exported to Anatolia approximately 4,000 years ago, during the Bronze Age. The work involved obtaining and genetically analyzing 100 equid remains that had been found at eight sites in Anatolia and six in the Caucasus (a region between the Black Sea and the...
  • Lactose tolerance spread throughout Europe in only a few thousand years

    09/16/2020 10:11:55 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | September 3, 2020 | Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz
    The human ability to digest the milk sugar lactose after infancy spread throughout Central Europe in only a few thousand years. This is the conclusion reached by an international research team led by Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU). The researchers analyzed genetic material from the bones of individuals who had fallen in a conflict around 1200 B.C. on the banks of the Tollense, a river in the present-day German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania... found that only around one in eight of the assumed warriors had a gene variant that enabled them to break down the lactose in milk. "Of the...
  • World's oldest pet dog? Remains of a domesticated canine that 'lived alongside humans' up to 20,000 years ago are unearthed in Italy

    09/08/2020 11:11:22 AM PDT · by C19fan · 23 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | September 8, 2020 | Joe Pinkstone
    Archaeologists have unearthed what they believe could be the oldest ever remains of a domesticated pet dog. It is thought the remains could be between 14,000 and 20,000 years old, spanning back to the very dawn of the special relationship between humans and canines. While dogs are known as man's best friend and one of the most domesticated animals on Earth, the origin of this dynamic is still a relative mystery.
  • Archaeologists uncover 5,700-year-old Neolithic house in north Cork

    09/01/2020 7:57:22 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    Irish Examiner ^ | Wednesday, August 26, 2020 | Sean O'Riordan
    The foundations of a 5,700-year-old Neolithic house, evidence of Bronze Age burials and Iron Age smelting have been discovered by archaeologists as a result of excavations at the sites of two road realignment projects in Co. Cork. They were unearthed in a total of eight separate excavations carried out after the county council undertook two road realignment projects on the N73 (the main road between Mallow and Mitchelstown) close to the villages of Shanballymore and Kildorrery. On one of the sites, archaeologists discovered the foundations of a Neolithic house dating back to approximately 3,700 BC, which they believe may have...
  • What bread tasted like 4000 years ago

    08/29/2020 10:30:55 AM PDT · by Oshkalaboomboom · 59 replies
    The Atlantic ^ | 8/29/2020 | KERIDWEN CORNELIUS
    Around 2000 B.C., a baker in the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes captured yeast from the air and kneaded it into a triangle of dough. Once baked, the bread was buried in a dedication ceremony beneath the temple of Pharaoh Mentuhotep II on the west bank of the Nile. There the yeast slept like a microbial mummy for four millennia, until 2019. That’s when Seamus Blackley—a physicist and game designer best known for creating the Xbox—suctioned it up with a syringe and revived it in a sourdough starter. Blackley, an amateur Egyptologist, often thinks about this ancient baker as he...
  • Rapid acceptance of foreign food tradition in Bronze Age Europe

    08/25/2020 1:35:47 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    Phys dot org trademark ^ | August 19, 2020 | Claudia Eulitz , Kiel University
    Not just metals, hierarchical societies and fortified settlements: a new food also influenced economic transformations in the Bronze Age around 3,500 years ago. This is evidenced by frequent archeological discoveries of remains of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.), a cereal with small, roundish grains. A major study by the Collaborative Research Center 1266 at Kiel University (CAU) was published yesterday (13 August) in the journal Scientific Reports. It shows how common millet got onto the menu in Bronze Age Europe. Intensive trade and communication networks facilitated the incredibly rapid spread of this new crop originating from the Far East. "Wheat,...
  • The first evidence for Late Pleistocene dogs in Italy

    08/22/2020 2:24:21 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Nature ^ | 07 August 2020 | see the author list below
    The identification of the earliest dogs is challenging because of the absence and/or mosaic pattern of morphological diagnostic features in the initial phases of the domestication process. Furthermore, the natural occurrence of some of these characters in Late Pleistocene wolf populations and the time it took from the onset of traits related to domestication to their prevalence remain indefinite. For these reasons, the spatiotemporal context of the early domestication of dogs is hotly debated. Our combined molecular and morphological analyses of fossil canid remains from the sites of Grotta Paglicci and Grotta Romanelli, in southern Italy, attest of the presence...
  • Rat DNA Clues To Sea Migration

    06/08/2004 1:51:08 PM PDT · by blam · 15 replies · 1,192+ views
    BBC ^ | 6-8-2004
    Rat DNA clues to sea migration This carving shows Pacific rats on the face of a Polynesian ancestor Scientists have used DNA from rats to trace migration patterns of the ancestors of today's Polynesians. People are thought to have arrived in Polynesia, comprising the Pacific islands of Fiji, Tonga and Samoa, by boat some 3,000 years ago. Rat data suggests the journey was more complex than the popular "Express Train" theory, which proposes a rapid dispersal of people from South Asia. Details appear in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith and Judith Robins from the University of...
  • The Living Ghost Dogs That Haunt the Amazon

    07/26/2020 10:06:36 PM PDT · by Beowulf9 · 55 replies
    https://earther.gizmodo.com ^ | 7/24/20 | Dharna Noor
    Deep in the Amazon rainforest, there are mysterious canines with short ears, pointy noses, and bushy tails that roam the undergrowth. The creatures, which are one of the least studied variety of dogs on the planet, are rarely seen even by scientists who have spent years studying the region.
  • New research shows climate was the key factor impacting the movement of the first farmers across Europe

    07/26/2020 9:38:12 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 62 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | July 16, 2020 | Dr Lia Betti, University of Roehampton
    The research, a collaboration between the University of Roehampton, the University of Cambridge and several other institutions, combined archeological data with palaeoclimatic reconstructions to show for the first time that climate dramatically impacted the migration of people across Europe, causing a dramatic slowdown between 6,100 BCE and 4,500 BCE. The research team, including Dr. Lia Betti, Senior Lecturer of the University of Roehampton, assembled a large database of the first arrival dates of Neolithic farmers across the continent and studied the speed of their migration in relation to climatic reconstructions of the time. They also re-analysed ancient DNA data to...
  • Tooth decay was major problem for our ancestors 9,000 years ago

    07/18/2020 4:22:28 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 39 replies
    Science in Poland ^ | Friday, July 10, 2020 | Szymon Zdzieblowski
    Scientists have found traces of rampant tooth decay in the teeth of people living almost 9,000 years ago in today's Poland. According to the researchers from the Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw, the disease, which is also known as [cavities], could have been the result of consuming too much fruit and honey. Traditionally, it was thought that tooth decay became common only after man began to lead a sedentary lifestyle and use more processed cereal products. But, with farmers not appearing in Poland until about 7,000 years ago, the 9,000-year-old discovery has taken the scientists by surprise... Professor Jacek...
  • The most ancient evidence of horsemanship in the bronze age

    07/15/2020 7:36:02 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Phys.org ^ | July 13, 2020 | South Ural State University
    The burial ground is located near the city of Lisakovsk in the Kostanay region of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Archeologist Emma Usmanova from Karaganda State University has been working on it for several decades. About 3,500 years ago, people of the Andronovo culture lived on this territory. A distinctive feature of the culture of that period was the development of horse breeding. The animals were used not only for food but also for harnessing to chariots and riding. This is confirmed by the remains of horses that were discovered in the burial ground Novoilinovsky-2. Scientists drew attention to the approximate...
  • 5,000 years of history of domestic cats in Central Europe

    07/15/2020 5:45:13 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 55 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | July 13, 2020 | Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun
    A loner and a hunter with highly developed territorial instincts, a cruel carnivore, a disobedient individual: the cat. These features make the species averse to domestication. Even so, we did it. Nowadays, about 500 million cats live in households all around the world; it is also difficult to estimate the amount of the homeless and the feral ones. Although the common history of cats and people began 10,000 years ago, the origins of the relation still remain unknown... Scientists from the Institute of Archaeology at the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun have outstanding merits in this field. An article discussing...
  • Unusual climate during Roman times plunged Eurasia into hunger and disease

    04/15/2018 6:41:17 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 50 replies
    Science News ^ | April 11, 2018 | University of Helsinki
    A recent study indicates that volcanic eruptions in the mid 500s resulted in an unusually gloomy and cold period. A joint research project of the Chronology Laboratory of the Finnish Museum of Natural History and Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke) suggests that the years 536 and 541-544 CE were very difficult... An extended period of little light may make it difficult for humans to survive. The level of production of plants is dependent on the amount of available sunlight. Food production, i.e, farming and animal husbandry, rely on the same solar energy. Humans, meanwhile, become more prone to disease if...
  • Dawn of the chicken revealed in Southeast Asia

    07/02/2020 9:57:22 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 60 replies
    Science: Vol. 368, Issue 6498, pp. 1411 ^ | June 26, 2020 | Andrew Lawler
    [Summary] Chickens outnumber all other species of birds by an order of magnitude and they are humanity's single largest source of animal protein. Yet for 2 centuries, biologists have struggled to explain how the chicken became the chicken. Now, the first extensive study of the bird's full genome concludes that people in northern Southeast Asia or southern China domesticated a colorful pheasant sometime after about 7500 B.C.E. People then carried the bird across Asia and on to every continent except Antarctica. The research team also found that the modern chicken's chief ancestor is a subspecies of red jungle fowl named...
  • Olives First Domesticated 7,000 Years Ago in Israel, Study Says

    07/01/2020 10:23:34 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    Haaretz ^ | March 11, 2020 | Ariel David
    Villagers in what is today Israel were the first to cultivate olive trees, an international study that pooled data from countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea has concluded. This start of olive domestication apparently began in the Galilee around 7,000 to 6,500 years ago, the team estimates. Olives and especially olive oil were staples of ancient economies around the Mediterranean Basin: The oil was used for cooking, lighting as well as medicinal and ritual purposes. But so far there has been little agreement among researchers as to where and when people first domesticated the plant. Dating estimates have ranged from more...