Skip to comments.King of the Wild Frontier (Hyksos art and architecture in the Sinai)
Posted on 08/15/2005 7:33:49 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
A team of archaeologists digging at Tel-Habuwa, near the town of Qantara East and three kilometres east of the Suez Canal... chanced upon a cachet of limestone reliefs bearing names of two royal personalities and two seated statues of differing sizes. The larger statue is made of limestone and belongs to a yet unidentified personage, but from its size and features archaeologists believe that it could be a statue of Horus, the god of the city. In 2001 archaeologists unearthed remains of a mud-brick temple dedicated to this deity. The second is a headless limestone statue inscribed on the back with the name and title of its holder. This statue belongs to the person responsible for the Tharo gate during the Hyksos era... This latest discovery, however, proves that Tharo was built long before that, since the Hyksos took over it as a military base on Egypt's eastern border... Zahi Hawass, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities... believes that after the liberation from the Hyksos, the Pharaohs of the New Kingdom intentionally buried all the Hyksos structures within the structures of other buildings in order to obliterate the era of occupation. The newly unearthed limestone relief shows for the first time ever a princess named Tani, whose nationality and lineage is unknown. This princess, along with a prince named Nahsy, stand before the god Baneb-Jed... Beside the town of Habuwa are remains of dwellings, storehouses and administrative buildings dating back to the Hyksos and the New Kingdom periods, as well as a great many ovens for baking bread to feed a large number of soldiers.
(Excerpt) Read more at weekly.ahram.org.eg ...
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The Argonaut Epos and Bronze Age Economic History
Economics Department, City College of New York | Revised May 14, 1999 | Morris Silver
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Franchthi Excavations: 17,000 Years of Greek Prehistory
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The Linear B Tablets and Mycenaean Social, Political, and Economic Organization
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The Linear B Tablets and Mycenaean Social, Political, and Economic Organization
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Sailing the Wine-Dark Sea: International Trade and the Late Bronze Age Aegean
George Washington University | 1994 | Eric H. Cline
Posted on 08/28/2004 4:49:39 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
Al-Ahram obviously missed the mark. Everybody knows Davy Crockett was king of the wild frontier ;^)
Dynasty 0 (Egyptian colonies in Canaan)
http://xoomer.virgilio.it/francescoraf/hesyra/Dynasty0-Raffaele_AH17.pdf | Francesco Raffaele
Posted on 11/27/2004 9:48:47 PM PST by SunkenCiv
I remember Immanuel Velikovsky talking about a place in the Sinai called Tharu, where Horemheb exiled prisoners after cutting off their noses. He thought Tharu was another name for El-Arish. Could this discovered "Tharo" be the place?
Interestingly, it sounds like the gate itself is called Tharo, as in, the Tharo gate, suggesting one left through it on the way to Tharo (Tharu?). :')
"The first citadel dates back to the age of the Hyksos (1603-1567 BC). Within the walls of the citadel there were found houses, store- houses, furnaces, and human remains, pottery from Cyprus and pottery from the age of the Hyksos."
First discovered of a temple pharaonic in the north of the SinaiAn Egyptian archaeological mission has for the first time discovered a temple pharaonic in the north of the peninsula of the Sinai. The temple goes up with the New empire (1600-1200 before J.C.) and is dedicated to the Horus god. It is built out of stones dried on a surface of 2.400 m 2 and gathers twelve rooms. Constructions are characterized by the thickness of the walls which are 4 meters while that of the enclosing wall is ten meters. Statuettes of pharaonic divinities and sandy stone and black granite characters were discovered inside the temple by the mission which depends on CSA. Their number and their form were not specified.
May 1999 EXCAVATIONS AND DISCOVERIES
According to CSA, this discovery defines the site of Tharo, strengthened city built by the former Egyptians at the entry of the military path, known under the name of Horus path, which connected Egypt to Palestine through the Sinai and consequently, determines the site of the entry Is of Egypt.
Just updating the GGG info, not sending a general distribution.
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Note: this topic is from 8/15/2005. One of *those* topics.
The Stratigraphy of the 19th Dynasty in Asia MinorPetrie found a temple of Rameses II at Tahpanhes, a 26th Dynasty site. Psammetichus (663 - 610 GAD) of the 26th Dynasty had granted Tahpanhes to his Greek and Carian mercenaries. It existed during the 26th Dynasty until the time of Amasis (569 -525). He found no artefacts of dynasties 20 to 25... Excavators at Lachish found a temple with 19th Dynasty artefacts also contained Israelite material of the 7th century. The stratum of the time Nebuchadnezzar, circa 590, contained the scarabs of Ramses II circa 1290... At Byblos... Ahiram... was buried in a coffin made by his son. His son's inscription was in Phoenician script of the 8th or 7th century as was the imported Cypriote pottery but the broken Egyptian vases and the coffin in the tomb were from the time of Ramses II... Rowe, the excavator of Beth Shan, designated the upper Strata IX to V to the 18th, 19th and the early 20th Dynasty. Levels IX, VIII, and VII are ascribed to the 18th Dynasty. Levels VI and V are ascribed to the 19th and early 20th Dynasties. The succeeding Stratum IV was ascribed to the period of the Late 20th Dynasty, Judges and Philistines, Israelite kings, Assyrians, Psammetichus and the Scythians as well as the Neo-Babylonians and the early years of the Persians. Whereas 5 strata are assigned to just over 300 years, the one and only Israelite stratum was assigned over 700 years. Furthermore, the thickness of Stratum IV is eight times thinner than the combined Strata V and VI, circa 150 years... Indeed, Mazar reports that Level VII belongs to the 19th Dynasty and Level VI to the 20th Dynasty. This leaves two levels V and IV for the Israelite levels. Though he cites Rowe as a reference, he gives no explanation of the discrepancy. Although it is suggested that the Philistines followed the 20th Dynasty, Rowe reports no Philistine pottery at this level. Furthermore, no artefacts identified as Israelite, Assyrian or Neo-Babylonian is reported either. Only a statue of Ramses III is found here together with Scythian artefacts. If Seti I and Ramses II (1300 - 1200) directly overlie the Scythians in Neo-Babylonian and Persian times (600 - 300), there remains a 600-year gap, just like the Syrian sites... It is hopeless to carry on special pleading any longer to avoid the obvious. There is no 600-year gap. The 19th Dynasty existed in the 7th not the 13th century. The 19th and 26th Dynasties are the same as Velikovsky has claimed.
by Alan Montgomery
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