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Keyword: bronzeage

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  • PAS reports on wealth of archaeological treasures found in UK

    02/19/2024 12:12:42 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | January 31, 2024 | Mark Milligan
    ...The Portable Antiquities Scheme is a project managed by the British Museum to address the lack of provision for metal detectorists (and the general public) to be able to notify relevant authorities of archaeological discoveries and document objects in a curated database...In the latest annual report that covers 2022, the PAS has documented 53,490 new submissions, 94% of which have been submitted by metal detectorists, and of which 1,384 have been reported as treasure under the Treasure Act 1996.Bronze Age: 1,210 objects were recorded, which include a stone wrist-guard, a gold hoard containing a decorated bracelet and two gold strips...
  • Ancient DNA Reveals a Tragic Genocide Hidden in Humanity's Past

    02/17/2024 11:28:29 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 52 replies
    Science Alert ^ | February 17, 2024 | Clare Watson
    The rise of farming in late Stone Age Europe was no smooth transition from hunter-gatherer lifestyles but a bloody takeover that saw nomadic populations wiped out by farmer-settlers in a few generations, a new study has found.In fact, twice in just a thousand years, the population of southern Scandinavia was entirely replaced by newcomers to the area, whose remains bear next to no trace of their predecessors in DNA profiles, analyzed by an international team of researchers."This transition has previously been presented as peaceful," explains study author and palaeoecologist Anne Birgitte Nielsen of Lund University...Using a technique called shotgun sequencing,...
  • Traces of meteoric iron in the Villena Treasure

    02/02/2024 1:21:55 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 3 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | January 25, 2024 | Mark Milligan
    A study published in the journal Prehistory Works, indicates that two objects sampled from the Villena Treasure were smithed using meteoric iron...The Villena Treasure is one of the most important Bronze Age hoard finds in the Iberian Peninsula, discovered by José María Soler in 1963 in Villena, Spain. Archaeologists uncovered a collection of bowls, bottles, and bracelets, which were ornately crafted from gold, silver, iron and amber.Iron was considered a precious metal before the advent of iron smelting, where meteoric iron was the only source of iron metal used to make jewellery, tools, and weapons during the Bronze Age.Iron sourced...
  • Unique 5,000-year-old Pots Found at Biblical Gezer in 1934 Are Finally Revealed

    02/02/2024 1:11:54 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Haaretz ^ | January 21, 2024 | Ruth Schuster and Samuel Wolff
    Identifying an archaeological site with biblical stories is often circumstantial. In this case, archaeologists found the biblical archaeology equivalent of the Holy Grail: inscriptions discovered within a few hundred meters from the site, albeit from the 1st century B.C.E., reading "boundary of Gezer" in Hebrew, among other things. But the city's story begins thousands of years earlier...Later excavations in the 1960s and '70s on behalf of Hebrew Union College discerned 26 strata, often with one built upon the last. They range in date from the Chalcolithic period (4th millennium B.C.E.) to the Early Roman period (late 1st century B.C.E).The most...
  • Remains of 'lost' bronze age tomb discovered in County Kerry in Ireland

    02/01/2024 7:17:45 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 1 replies
    Guardian UK ^ | Thursday, January 18, 2024 | Rory Carroll
    The remnants of a bronze age tomb once thought to have been destroyed and lost to history have been discovered in County Kerry on the Atlantic coast of Ireland.The tomb, known locally as Altóir na Gréine – the sun altar – stood for approximately 4,000 years on a hill outside the village of Ballyferriter on the Dingle peninsula before vanishing in the mid-19th century...Georgiana Chatterton, an English aristocrat and traveller, had visited the site and sketched the monument in 1838, but 14 years later an antiquarian named Richard Hitchcock reported that it had been broken up and carried away, presumably...
  • Possible stellar asterisms carved on a protohistoric stone

    01/15/2024 10:47:58 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Astronomische Nachrichten via Wiley Online Library ^ | First published: 22 November 2023 | Paolo Molaro, Federico Bernardini
    Chisel marks on a stone uncovered in Rupinpiccolo protohistoric hill fort from north-eastern Italy were suggested to be a representation of the night sky (Bernardini et al. 2022 Documenta Praehistorica XLIX). The patterns of the 29 marks are analyzed here to establish if they reproduce popular stellar asterisms. Nine marks are found to match the Tail of Scorpius and five the Orion's Belt, together with Rigel and Betelgeuse. Nine marks are found in the approximate position of the Pleiades showing some match with the cluster members. On the back side, 5 marks possibly reproduce Cassiopeia. One mark slightly North of...
  • Huge 4,000-year-old fortification discovered in Saudi Arabia

    01/12/2024 10:20:06 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Cosmos magazine ^ | January 10, 2024 | Evrim Yazgin
    Archaeologists have found a massive ancient fortification enclosing the Khaybar Oasis in the North Arabian Desert. It is one of the two largest fortifications in Saudi Arabia.Oases in the region have been settled by human populations for 4,000–5,000 years. An oasis is a small patch of vegetation in the desert. Fed by sources of freshwater such as underground rivers and high water tables mean these areas can become vibrant, lush sanctuaries for plant and animal life.Human-built aquifers and channels can help irrigate these areas making them suitable for long-term settlement...Fortifications at Khaybar once stretched for 14.5 km and were between...
  • Revealing close and distant relatives in ancient DNA with unprecedented precision

    01/03/2024 10:24:01 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | December 20, 2023 | Max Planck Society
    If two persons are biologically related, they share long stretches of DNA that they co-inherited from their recent common ancestor. These almost identically shared stretches of genomes are called IBD ("Identity by Descent") segments. Up to the sixth-degree relatives—such as second to third cousins would be, or a great great great great grandparent—the two relatives even share multiple IBD segments. Personal genomics companies such as 23andme or Ancestry detect those segments routinely in DNA of their customers, and use this signal to distinctively reveal biological relatives in their databases.In a new study published in Nature Genetics, researchers from the Max...
  • Bronze Age shipwreck found off Devon coast [UK]

    02/15/2010 11:05:23 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 32 replies · 636+ views
    Telegraph ^ | Saturday, February 13, 2010 | Jasper Copping
    ...Archaeologists have described the vessel, which is thought to date back to around 900BC, as being a "bulk carrier" of its age. The copper and tin would have been used for making bronze -- the primary product of the period which was used in the manufacture of not only weapons, but also tools, jewellery, ornaments and other items. Archaeologists believe the copper -- and possibly the tin -- was being imported into Britain and originated in a number of different countries throughout Europe, rather than from a single source, demonstrating the existence of a complex network of trade routes across...
  • 1,400-year-old temple from the time of the East Anglian Kings discovered at Suffolk royal settlement

    12/11/2023 8:14:23 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies
    Last year the project uncovered the remains of a large timber Royal Hall, confirming the location as a royal settlement of the East Anglian Kings.This year's excavations also uncovered evidence of metalworking associated with royal occupation, including a mould used for casting decorative horse harnesses similar to that known from the burial ground at Sutton Hoo.The royal compound was found to have been more than twice the size than previously thought at around 15 hectares, which is equivalent to the size of 20 football pitches. The compound was part of a wider settlement complex covering around 50 hectares which is...
  • Satellites spy remnants of hidden Bronze Age settlement in Serbia

    12/09/2023 8:52:34 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 26 replies
    Live Science ^ | November 20, 2023 | Jennifer Nalewicki
    Satellite imagery has revealed a network of more than 100 Bronze Age structures hidden in the Serbian plains.Archaeologists first noticed the remnants of the more than 3,000-year-old enclosures in 2015 while reviewing Google Earth photos of a 93-mile stretch (150 kilometer) of wilderness along Serbia's Tisza River, according to a study published Nov. 10 in the journal PLOS One...Previously, this area, known as the Pannonian Plain, was thought to be a hinterland not used for Bronze Age settlements. But now, researchers think that this is just one example of the many settlements found across Europe that are part of an...
  • Late Prehistoric discovery turns archaeological assumptions on their head

    11/24/2023 4:57:54 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | November 15, 2023 | Provided by Durham University
    For a team of archaeologists digging in southwest Spain, the discovery of a Bronze/Iron Age stela—a funerary stone slab with carvings depicting an important individual—would have been exciting enough...The excavation, taking place in the 3000-year-old funerary complex of Las Capellanías, in Cañaveral de León, Spain, uncovered a stela depicting a human figure with detailed face, hands and feet, a headdress, necklace, two swords and male genitals.Prior to this discovery, archaeologists had interpreted features such as a headdress and necklace on a stela as representing a female form, while the inclusion of weaponry such as swords would be interpreted as male...
  • 3,400-year-old Pyramid Found in Kazakhstan

    11/07/2023 9:32:02 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | November 1, 2023 | Markus Milligan
    Archaeologists Have Uncovered a Pyramid Belonging to the Scythian-saka Period in the Karaganda Region of Kazakhstan.The pyramid is located on a hill overlooking the Taldy River in the Shet district of Karaganda, which was excavated by archaeologists from Karaganda University over a period of 4 excavation seasons.According to the researchers, the pyramid is a mausoleum complex for a ruler from the Begazı Dandibay culture, a late Bronze Age culture that flourished during the last phase of the Andronovo period (2000–1150 BC).The structure is a pyramidal stepped mausoleum, which was constructed in a region of the Sari Arka steppes where communities...
  • When excavators uncovered an 'ancient British city' near Edinburgh Airport

    10/22/2023 9:49:16 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    EdinburghLive ^ | October 15, 2023 | David McLean
    Headlines were made in 1864 when a group of excavators uncovered evidence of an "ancient British city" near modern-day Edinburgh Airport...Subsequent excavations in the 20th century found that the Craigie Hill site was not actually an "ancient British city" as claimed by the 1864 headlines, but the remains of a Bronze Age hillfort, similar to others that were once ubiquitous in the Lothians...The area around Edinburgh Airport is famous for its prehistoric settlements. In 1830, archaeologists uncovered the remains of a stone circle called the Huly Hill Cairn, which today stands preserved as a peculiar oddity given its proximity to...
  • Man searching carrot field finds ancient gold and bronze jewelry — and multiple teeth

    10/19/2023 11:38:40 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 35 replies
    CBS News ^ | OCTOBER 19, 2023 / 12:52 PM | BY STEPHEN SMITH
    A man with a metal detector searching a freshly plowed carrot field in Switzerland found a large ornate jewelry set dating to the Bronze Age — as well as other surprising items including a bear's tooth, a beaver's tooth and a fossilized shark's tooth, local officials said this week. Franz Zahn made the unusual discovery in August while he was "out and about in a freshly harvested carrot field" in Güttingen, about 50 miles northeast of Zurich, officials from Thurgau Canton said in a Monday news release. Zahn initially found a bronze disc, and immediately realized it was an "extraordinary...
  • Research finds dramatic increase in cranial traumas as the first cities were being built, suggesting a rise in violence

    10/17/2023 3:26:29 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 40 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | October 10, 2023 | University of Tübingen
    The development of the earliest cities in Mesopotamia and the Middle East led to a substantial increase in violence between inhabitants. Laws, centralized administration, trade and culture then caused the ratio of violent deaths to fall back again in the Early and Middle Bronze Age... This is the conclusion of an international team of researchers from the Universities of Tübingen, Barcelona and Warsaw. Their results were published in Nature Human Behaviour.The researchers examined 3,539 skeletons from the region that today covers Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Turkey for bone trauma which could only have occurred through violence. This...
  • Neolithic Arrowhead Found in Iron Age Burial

    09/17/2023 2:49:53 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | September 16, 2023 | Markus Milligan
    LWL archaeologists have been excavating an Iron Age cemetery containing cremation burials near Fröndenberg-Frömern in Germany’s Unna district.Dr. Eva Cichy from the Olpe branch of LWL Archeology, said: “When a few remains of corpses were uncovered, it quickly became clear that we had found a small burial ground. In some graves, the remains of vessels used as urns were still preserved, while most of the burials had already been destroyed by agriculture.”Two large burials have been noted by the archaeologists. One slightly oval pit at a depth of 15 centimetres contained large ceramic shards deposited as funerary offerings, some of...
  • 3700 years old Brain and skin remnants discovered at Bronze Age settlement in western Türkiye

    09/06/2023 8:14:14 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    Archaeologists discovered, well-preserved brain and skin remnants of two individuals dating to the Bronze Age during excavations at Tavşanlı Höyük (Tavşanlı Mound) in western Türkiye’s Kütahya province...The excavations of the mound, which spans an area of 45 hectares, are carried out by the Archeology Department of Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University. A team of 25 local and foreign experts accompanies the research carried out under the chairmanship of Professor Erkan Fidan.According to experts, the discovery was noteworthy because it was the first time that skin remains had been found during archaeological excavations in Türkiye, whereas brain remains had only been found...
  • Man Filmed Himself Destroying Stone Age Relic: ‘Archaeological Information Has Been Lost Forever’

    09/02/2023 11:16:04 AM PDT · by nickcarraway · 21 replies
    ARTnews ^ | August 31, 2023
    A spate of cultural vandalism continued earlier this year when part of a buried Stone Age monument in Wales was crudely excavated and left to the elements. Julian Baker, a 52-year-old man from Abertridwr, Caerphilly, filmed himself unearthing the 4,500-year-old relic on Eglwysilan mountain and posted the video to Facebook, according to local heritage officials. In a first prosecution of its sort in Wales, Baker has been ordered to pay £4,400 (roughly $5,600) for its restoration. Additionally, he was given a four-month custodial sentence, suspended for two years, at the Magistrates Court in Wales, according to the BBC. Ancient Roman...
  • Genome Study Reveals That Iceman Ötzi Had Dark Skin and Male Pattern Baldness

    08/24/2023 10:48:04 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | August 16, 2023 | Markus Milligan
    Ötzi, Also Known as the Iceman, is a Naturally Mummified Human Who Lived Between 3350 and 3105 BC... discovered in 1991 by German tourists in the Ötztal Alps (hence earning the moniker "Ötzi"). His remains stand as the earliest naturally mummified human discovered in Europe, providing unique insights into the lives of Chalcolithic (Copper Age) communities on the continent.In 2001, X-rays and a CT scan revealed that Ötzi had an arrowhead lodged in his left shoulder, prompting the suggestion that Ötzi was murdered and died of blood loss and from other wounds. However, the nature of his life and the...