Keyword: paleontology

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  • A Stunning Neanderthal Skeleton Was Just Unearthed at a Famous Burial Site

    02/18/2020 1:09:22 PM PST · by Red Badger · 44 replies
    www.sciencealert.com ^ | 18 FEB 2020 | MICHELLE STARR
    One of the most important archaeological sites for our understanding of Neanderthals is still disgorging its secrets. A new skeleton has been found in Shanidar Cave in Iraqi Kurdistan, and it's helping reveal how the Neanderthals dealt with their dead. Shanidar Cave is famous for what is known as the Flower Burial. Among 10 fragmentary Neanderthal skeletons unearthed there in the 1950s and 1960s, one was found with clumps of pollen mixed in with the surrounding dirt. This was interpreted as evidence that the bones - belonging to a man aged between 30 and 45 years - had been buried...
  • New fossils and artifacts show Homo erectus crafted a diverse toolkit

    03/12/2020 1:12:17 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    Science News ^ | March 4, 2020 | Bruce Bower
    Hardly one-tool wonders, ancient hominids called Homo erectus relied on a toolkit that included relatively simple and more complex cutting devices, new discoveries suggest. Excavations at two Ethiopian sites located about 5.7 kilometers apart uncovered partial H. erectus braincases alongside two types of stone tools, paleoanthropologist Sileshi Semaw of the National Research Center on Human Evolution in Burgos, Spain, and colleagues report March 4 in Science Advances. Some artifacts featured a single sharpened edge, while others consisted of double-edged designs such as pear-shaped hand axes. One H. erectus fossil dates to about 1.26 million years ago, the other to between...
  • Dinosaur DNA and proteins found in fossils, paleontologists claim

    03/03/2020 4:45:05 PM PST · by Roman_War_Criminal · 62 replies
    New Atlas ^ | 3/1/2020 | Michael Irving
    Palaeontologists have announced the discovery of organic material in 75-million year old dinosaur fossils. The team claims to have found evidence of cartilage cells, proteins, chromosomes and even DNA preserved inside the fossils, suggesting these can survive for far longer than we thought. The researchers, from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and North Carolina State University, made the discovery in skull fragments of Hypacrosaurus, a duck-billed herbivore from the Cretaceous period. These particular specimens were “nestlings”, meaning that at time of death they weren’t yet old enough to leave the nest. Inside the skull fragments, the team spotted evidence of...
  • 28,500-year-old 'protodog' jawbone is found in the Czech Republic showing how dogs evolved from wolves due to their different diets

    02/20/2020 6:23:19 AM PST · by C19fan · 18 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | February 19, 2020 | Michael Thomsen
    Researchers in the Czech Republic have uncovered a fossilized skull of a ‘protodog’ at a dig site dating back an estimated 28,500 years, giving new insight into what influenced the eventual split between dogs and wolves. The team, which was led by University of Arkansas anthropology professor Peter Ungar, also found wolf samples from the site and compared the scratches and scrapes on the preserved teeth along with chemical isotopes left in each. The samples came from a dig site in the countryside near the small town of Předmostí in the eastern part of the Czech Republic.
  • This may be the biggest turtle that ever lived: This jaw-droppingly huge specimen is the largest known complete turtle shell on Earth.

    02/13/2020 10:53:48 AM PST · by C19fan · 31 replies
    Live Science ^ | February 13, 2020 | Laura Geggel
    An 8-million-year-old turtle shell unearthed in Venezuela measures nearly 8 feet (2.4 meters) long, making it the largest complete turtle shell known to science, a new study reported. This shell belonged to an extinct beast called Stupendemys geographicus, which lived in northern South America during the Miocene epoch, which lasted from 12 million to 5 million years ago. S. geographicus weighed an estimated 2,500 lbs. (1,145 kilograms), almost 100 times the size of its closest living relative, the Amazon river turtle (Peltocephalus dumerilianus), and twice the size of the largest living turtle, the marine leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea), the researchers wrote...
  • Researchers determine age for last known settlement by a direct ancestor to modern humans

    12/23/2019 5:23:24 AM PST · by zeestephen · 34 replies
    Science Daily ^ | 18 December 2019
    Homo erectus, one of modern humans' direct ancestors, was a wandering bunch. After the species dispersed from Africa about two million years ago, it colonized the ancient world, which included Asia and possibly Europe. But about 400,000 years ago, Homo erectus essentially vanished. The lone exception was a spot called Ngandong, on the Indonesian island of Java. But scientists were unable to agree on a precise time period for the site...A new study...dates the last existence of Homo erectus at Ngandong between 108,000 and 117,000 years ago.
  • Dog walker discovers a 65 million-year-old 'ichthyosaur' skeleton on a beach in Somerset after his pets sniffed it out when it was left exposed by recent storms

    12/17/2019 8:09:23 AM PST · by Red Badger · 39 replies
    www.dailymail.co.uk ^ | Published: 07:00 EST, 16 December 2019 | Updated: 08:55 EST, 16 December 2019 | By Jonathan Chadwick
    Dog walker Jon Gopsill, 54, was stunned when his pups led him to five-foot-long remains The fossil was left exposed by recent storms on the coast of Stolford, Somerset The amateur archaeologist believes the skeleton is that of a Jurassic reptile known as an ichthyosaur =============================================================== A dog walker claims to have stumbled across a 65 million-year-old skeleton on a Somerset beach – thanks to the sharp noses of his dogs. Jon Gopsill, 54, was walking his two pets on the coast of Stolford, Somerset on Saturday when they sniffed out a bone that turned out to be part of...
  • Savannah monitor lizards have a unique airflow pattern that is a hybrid of bird and mammal flow patterns

    12/14/2019 3:57:31 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 12 replies
    Phys.org ^ | December 14, 2019 | by University of Utah
    Birds and mammals are on extreme ends of the airflow spectrum. Mammals inhale oxygen-rich air that funnels into smaller branches, ending in tiny sacs where oxygen enters and carbon dioxide leaves the bloodstream. When mammals exhale, the depleted air follows the same route out of the body, exhibiting a so-called tidal flow pattern. In contrast, bird breath travels tidally through part of the respiratory system, but in a one-way loop throughout most of the lung. Thanks to a unique design with aerodynamic valves, air always moves toward the head through many tiny tubes in birds—during both inhalation and exhalation. Scientists...
  • Gigantic Apes Coexisted With Early Humans, Study Finds

    11/09/2005 1:28:12 PM PST · by mlc9852 · 28 replies · 1,325+ views
    foxnews.com ^ | November 9, 2005 | Bjorn Carey
    A gigantic ape standing 10 feet tall and weighing up to 1,200 pounds lived alongside humans for over a million years, according to a new study. Fortunately for the early humans, the huge primate's diet consisted mainly of bamboo. Scientists have known about Gigantopithecus blackii since the accidental discovery of some of its teeth on sale in a Hong Kong pharmacy about 80 years ago. While the idea of a giant ape piqued the interest of scientists — and bigfoot hunters — around the world, it was unclear how long ago this beast went extinct. Precise dating Now Jack Rink,...
  • Oldest Hominid Skull In Australia Found Near Bega (7 Million Years Old)

    01/13/2006 4:46:20 PM PST · by blam · 75 replies · 1,286+ views
    Oldest hominid skull in Australia found near Bega Friday, 13 January 2006 THE endocast of a primitive hominid-like skull was recovered from among the rubble of a volcanic plug in the Bega district in May 2005 The find could suggest that a race of ancestral hominids had evolved in Australia from tree-dwelling primate ancestors by seven million years ago. This is well before our primate ancestors supposedly left the trees for a terrestrial existence in Africa around six million years ago! The fossil was discovered by noted prehistory researcher Rex Gilroy of Katoomba NSW, where he operates the 'Australian-Pacific Archaeological...
  • 'Original' great ape discovered [New genus "Missing Link" found!]

    02/18/2007 11:40:54 PM PST · by LibWhacker · 158 replies · 3,423+ views
    BBC ^ | 2/18/07 | Paul Rincon
    Scientists have unearthed remains of a primate that could have been ancestral not only to humans but to all great apes, including chimps and gorillas. The partial skeleton of this 13-million-year-old "missing link" was found by palaeontologists working at a dig site near Barcelona in Spain. Details of the sensational discovery appear in Science magazine. The new specimen was probably male, a fruit-eater and was slightly smaller than a chimpanzee, researchers say. Palaeontologists were just getting started at the dig when a bulldozer churned up a tooth. Further investigation yielded one of the most complete ape skeletons known from...
  • Human Ancestors Went Out Of Africa And Then Came Back... [1998]

    12/17/2007 5:37:11 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 30 replies · 570+ views
    ScienceDaily ^ | Friday, August 7, 1998 | adapted from New York University materials
    SUNY-Albany biologist Caro-Beth Stewart and NYU anthropologist Todd R. Disotell have proposed... that the ancestor of humans and the living African apes evolved in Eurasia, not Africa. This controversial new model for the evolution of humans and apes is the cover story of the July 30th issue of Current Biology. Stewart and Disotell describe their theory in an article entitled "Primate evolution -- in and out of Africa." ...The fossil record indicates that apes were present in Europe and Western Asia during the Miocene Era, from about 8 to 17 million years ago. Ancestors of these ape species must have...
  • Oldest hominid discovered is 7 million years old: study

    02/28/2008 7:02:18 AM PST · by Red Badger · 29 replies · 216+ views
    www.physorg.com ^ | 02/28/2008 | Staff
    Undated handout photo shows the skull of Toumaï, a seven-million-year-old fossil believed to be the remains of the earliest human ever found, found in 2001. New fossil remains as well as the 3D reconstruction of the skull confirm that the creature is the oldest species of the human branch, a common ancester of the chimpanzee and of homo sapiens French fossil hunters have pinned down the age of Toumai, which they contend is the remains of the earliest human ever found, at between 6.8 and 7.2 million years old. The fossil was discovered in the Chadian desert in 2001...
  • Fossil Discovery: More Evidence for Asia, Not Africa, as the Source of Earliest Anthropoid Primates

    06/07/2012 2:49:58 PM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 28 replies
    Science Daily ^ | 06/07/2012
    An international team of researchers has announced the discovery of Afrasia djijidae, a new fossil primate from Myanmar that illuminates a critical step in the evolution of early anthropoids -- the group that includes humans, apes, and monkeys. The 37-million-year-old Afrasia closely resembles another early anthropoid, Afrotarsius libycus, recently discovered at a site of similar age in the Sahara Desert of Libya. The close similarity between Afrasia and Afrotarsius indicates that early anthropoids colonized Africa only shortly before the time when these animals lived. The colonization of Africa by early anthropoids was a pivotal step in primate and human evolution,...
  • Site in Germany yields human presence over 1 million years ago

    03/25/2016 5:53:52 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Spring 2016 Issue | Journal of Human Evolution
    The late Early Pleistocene site near Untermassfeld, in Germany, is now well known for a rich array of fauna dating back to about 1.07 million years ago, including simple 'Mode 1' (or Oldowan-type) stone tools evidencing early human occupation. Now researchers Günter Landeck and Joan Garcia Garriga report, for the first time, evidence of early human butchery in the form of cut marks on animal bones and intentional hammerstone-related bone breakage. These human-modified bones were recovered in a small faunal subsample excavated from levels with simple 'Mode 1' stone tools. The butchered assemblage was found during fieldwork and surveying of...
  • Fossils Suggest Tree-Dwelling Apes Walked Upright Long Before Hominids Did (Germany, 11M YA)

    12/09/2019 10:05:11 AM PST · by blam · 55 replies
    Science News ^ | 12-9-2019 | Bruce Bower
    Tree-dwelling apes in Europe strode upright around 5 million years before members of the human evolutionary family hit the ground walking in Africa. That’s the implication of fossils from a previously unknown ape that lived in what’s now Germany about 11.6 million years ago, say paleontologist Madelaine Böhme of the University of Tübingen in Germany and her colleagues. But the relation, if any, of these finds to the evolution of a two-legged stride in hominids by perhaps 6 million years ago is hazy (SN: 9/11/04). Excavations in a section of a Bavarian clay pit produced 37 fossils from the ancient...
  • Russian scientists present ancient puppy found in permafrost

    12/03/2019 7:12:17 AM PST · by C19fan · 18 replies
    AP ^ | December 2, 2019 | Daria Litninova, and Roman Kutukov
    Russian scientists on Monday showed off a prehistoric puppy, believed to be 18,000 years old, found in permafrost in the country’s Far East. Discovered last year in a lump of frozen mud near the city of Yakutsk, the puppy is unusually well-preserved, with its hair, teeth, whiskers and eyelashes still intact. “This puppy has all its limbs, pelage – fur, even whiskers. The nose is visible. There are teeth. We can determine due to some data that it is a male,” Nikolai Androsov, director of the Northern World private museum where the remains are stored, said at the presentation at...
  • The prehistoric pigeon: Small bird that flew above the dinosaurs 120 million years ago [tr]

    11/15/2019 6:28:15 AM PST · by C19fan · 26 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | November 15, 2019 | Sophie Curtis
    Remains of one of the world's first birds that flew above the dinosaurs 120 million years ago have been unearthed in Japan. About the size of a pigeon, the creature had grey and brown feathers. It could shake its tail, and possibly flap its wings, according to scientists. Named Fukuipteryx prima, its remarkably preserved bones were found entombed in rock that dates back to the Early Cretaceous period. This is the period when real birds were beginning to appear. Fukuipteryx is the first primitive bird from this time found outside China.
  • Mysterious 300-million-year-old 'Tully monster' may not be the creature scientists thought it [tr]

    11/12/2019 6:36:26 AM PST · by C19fan · 26 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | November 12, 2019 | Milly Vincent
    The mysterious Tully monster is not likely to have been a vertebrate - despite its hard cartilage ridged back - scientists claim, after discovering unusual elements within its fossilised eyes. Tullimonstrum, also known as the Tully monster, which lived 300 million years ago, has baffled scientists since fossils were first discovered 60 years ago. A previous discovery in 2016 found Tully to have a stiffened rod of cartilage that supported its body and gills - suggesting that the creatures were predatory vertebrates, similar to some primitive fish.
  • VIDEO: Scientists hail stunning fossil

    05/19/2009 2:29:11 PM PDT · by JoeProBono · 34 replies · 1,402+ views
    .bbc ^ | Tuesday, 19 May 2009 | Christine McGourty
    The beautifully preserved remains of a 47-million-year-old, lemur-like creature have been unveiled in the US. The preservation is so good, it is possible to see the outline of its fur and even traces of its last meal. The fossil, nicknamed Ida, is claimed to be a "missing link" between today's higher primates - monkeys, apes and humans - and more distant relatives. But some independent experts, awaiting an opportunity to see the new fossil, are sceptical of the claim. And they have been critical of the hype surrounding the presentation of Ida. The fossil was launched amid great fanfare at...