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Keyword: dietandcuisine

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  • Archaeologists in Armenia Unearth a Bakery—Complete With 3,000-Year-Old Flour

    06/04/2023 10:22:17 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 30 replies
    Smithsonian Magazine ^ | May 26, 2023 | Teresa Nowakowski
    Last fall, when researchers unearthed the remains of a 3,000-year-old structure in the western Armenian town of Metsamor, they faced two mysteries: First, they didn’t know what purpose the structure had served. Beyond that, a strange powdery substance covering the area left them stumped...The team assumed, at first, the material was simply ash. After all, charred remnants of the building’s reed roof and wooden beams indicated it had met its end in a fire...The powder wasn’t ash, but wheat flour. They had unearthed an ancient bakery.Archaeologists estimate that the structure could have once held as much as 3.5 tons of...
  • Australian garlic kills COVID-19, says Doherty Institute

    05/31/2023 8:38:08 AM PDT · by shadowlands1960 · 41 replies
    Financial Review ^ | May 31st, 2023 | Patrick Durkin
    Garlic might not just be good for keeping vampires away, but also COVID-19 and the common flu, according to new research being released on Wednesday by The Peter Doherty Institute. Scientists at Doherty have been researching garlic properties over the past 18 months and have discovered a certain Australian grown garlic variety demonstrates antiviral properties with up to 99.9 per cent efficacy against the viruses which cause COVID-19 and the common flu. The world-first research, commissioned by the Australian Garlic Producers organisation, involved in-vitro testing against the SARS-CoV-2 and Influenza type A viruses, using garlic ingredients extracted from exclusive Australian...
  • Scientists unearth 70,000 year old flatbread unlocking secrets to historical diets

    11/22/2022 11:27:11 PM PST · by blueplum · 41 replies
    The Express UK ^ | 23 Nov 2022 | VICTORIA CHESSUM
    Scientists believe they have made a fascinating discovery which reveals some hidden detail about the diet of Neanderthals around 70,000 years ago. They have unearthed remains of what is believed to be the world's oldest flatbread made by Neanderthals in the foothills of Iraq. The charred remnants were recovered from the Shanidar Cave site - a Neanderthal dwelling around 500 miles north of Baghdad. The archaeologists said the findings, published in the journal Antiquity, show for the first time that bread was part of the diet among these hominid species....
  • Brew your own ancient beer: Yeast from 3,000-year-old Philistine beer jug now on sale

    05/28/2023 8:21:20 PM PDT · by Cronos · 18 replies
    Times of Israel ^ | 26 May 2023 | Melanie Lidman
    Homebrewers will soon be able to time travel with their taste buds and brew beer similar to what the Philistines in Goliath’s hometown of Gath drank. An interdisciplinary team of researchers, archaeologists and brewmasters in Israel first isolated 5,000-year-old yeast in 2019, as published in the peer-reviewed mBio journal in 2019. But now, the fruits of that discovery are about to become available for hobby brewers and sourdough aficionados everywhere, when the first batch of commercially available ancient yeast ships in December. Pre-orders are open now. “We want to create an opportunity for every person to connect with this story,...
  • Seeing the 'Invisible Humans' of Archaeology Through the Gunk on Their Teeth

    05/21/2023 9:54:30 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Haaretz ^ | May 21, 2023 | Ruth Schuster
    Like the teeth themselves, under the right conditions the gunk on your teeth may survive not just thousands but millions of years in the grave. Isn't that good to know.Advanced dental decay and plaque buildup have been detected in Dryopithecus carinthiacus, a primate that lived in Europe 12.5 million years ago, suggesting it doted on high-sugar fruit. Sivapithecus sivalensis, who lived between 9.3 to 8.7 million years ago in Pakistan, was also apparently frugivorous. Analysis of ancient plaque has shed light on the mobility of Neanderthals and other hominins, as implied by dietary changes, and shored up the thesis that...
  • Evolution experiment yields yeast 20,000x bigger and 10,000x tougher

    05/17/2023 12:41:55 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 57 replies
    New Atlas ^ | May 15, 2023 | By Michael Irving
    Scientists are conducting a long-term experiment on evolution in the lab, to investigate how single-celled organisms could evolve into multicellular lifeforms. After thousands of generations, their yeast grew 20,000 times bigger and 10,000 times tougher. The idea of an evolutionary “missing link” usually conjures images of a hairy ape-like hominid, but there are actually much more profound missing links in the chain. One of the biggest gaps sits between single-celled and multicellular organisms, which marks a key step in the development of complex life on Earth. Now, scientists from Georgia Tech have reported the first results of an experiment that...
  • The 18th Century Italian Origins Of Calzones

    05/05/2023 1:36:33 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 25 replies
    If a pizza and an empanada had a baby, it would probably look something like a calzone. Shaped like a dumpling with a pizza flavor, the calzone is a perfect mix of the two revered foods. It's not hard to figure out why some may think the calzone is an American invention. After all, it's in the same realm as the stromboli, created in Philadelphia in the 1950s, and the size of your corner pizzeria calzone is like everything else in America: supersized. But, just like the pizza, calzones are inherently Italian. In fact, they share the same birthplace as...
  • You Can Buy 86-Year-Old Beer Brewed For Edward VIII’s Canceled Coronation

    05/04/2023 2:24:45 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 30 replies
    Fod & Wine ^ | Jelisa Castrodale
    But maybe don't drink it.In the mid-1930s, British beermaker Greene King brewed and bottled a special ale to commemorate the coronation of King Edward VIII. The only problem? That king was never crowned. In 1936, Edward surrendered his chance to wear the crown, abdicating the throne only 325 days into his unofficial reign so that he could marry American socialite Wallis Simpson. His coronation — which had been scheduled for May 1937 — was called off, his younger brother George VI became king, and all 2,000 bottles of that Coronation Ale were put into storage. Remarkably, that beer stash wasn’t...
  • Long Before Trees Overtook the Land, Our Planet Was Covered by Giant Mushrooms

    04/28/2023 1:03:10 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 35 replies
    Good News Network ^ | Apr 26, 2023 | Andy Corbley
    Cast a net back 450 million years ago to the Ordovician Era, and you wouldn’t capture anything more than the ancestors of millipedes and worms. However, you might notice tall 29-feet-tall (8 meters) trunks without branches or leaves, towering over a landscape of newly-evolved vascular plants. These trunks, which have been found as fossils all over the world, are now strongly believed to be mushrooms—giant fungal towers that mean the kingdom of fungi produced the first giant land organism. The idea of a ‘fungal forest’ is one that’s often reproduced in fantasy and science-fiction writing. Mushrooms, for many, many reasons,...
  • Potatoes and History | The History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered

    04/23/2023 9:11:27 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    YouTube ^ | 2021 | Lance Geiger, as The History Guy
    (links set to start at 2:22, skipping the short initial remarks and the Magellan TV ad)Potatoes and History | The History Guy:History Deserves to Be Remembered15:36 | 1.18M subscribers | 358K views | 2 years ago
  • 12 Items at a Feast of Henry VIII

    04/20/2023 3:27:44 PM PDT · by DallasBiff · 53 replies
    Henry VIII, who ruled England from 1509 until his death in 1547, was known for his voracious appetite. Portraits of Henry show a man almost as wide as he was tall. When he wasn't marrying, divorcing, or beheading his wives (he was on his sixth marriage when he died at age 58), this medieval ruler dined like a glutton. He enjoyed banquets so much that he extended the kitchen of Hampton Court Palace to fill 55 rooms. The 200 members of the kitchen staff provided meals of up to 14 courses for the 600 people in the king's court. Here...
  • Yak milk consumption among Mongol Empire elites

    04/13/2023 8:34:42 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    University of Michigan ^ | March 31, 2023 | Morgan Sherburne
    By analyzing proteins found within ancient dental calculus, an international team of researchers provides direct evidence for consumption of milk from multiple ruminants, including yak. In addition, they discovered milk and blood proteins associated with both horses and ruminants...The study presents novel protein findings from an elite Mongol Era cemetery with exceptional preservation in the permafrost. This is the first example of yak milk recovered from an archaeological context.Previous research indicates that milk has been a critical resource in Mongolia for more than 5,000 years. While the consumption of cattle, sheep, goat and even horse milk have securely been dated,...
  • Neolithic Farmers Processed Cow, Goat and Sheep Milk

    04/13/2023 8:27:41 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | April 6, 2023 | Markus Milligan
    ...This conclusion was drawn from an analysis of residues found in clay vessels discovered in the Kujawy-Pomerania Province...In 2016, while conducting rescue excavations in the vicinity of the village of Sławęcinek (Kujawy-Pomerania), archaeologists discovered ceramic vessels in a Late Neolithic layer (approximately 3650-3100 years ago). The excavation also revealed traces of a small settlement that included four houses, wells, and burial sites.To investigate the vessels and the deposits on their surface, the researchers utilized a multi-stranded proteomic and lipid-analysis. By comparing proteomic data, it is possible to directly identify cheesemaking and other dairy processing methods that enrich curds by examining...
  • Ancient Humans Cooked And Ate Giant Land Snails Around 170,000 Years Ago

    04/13/2023 8:20:29 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 39 replies
    IFLScience (change your ****in' name!) ^ | April 4, 2023 | Russell Moul
    ...when did humans start eating snails? Well, researchers have recently discovered the earliest evidence of prehistoric people cooking and eating these terrestrial mollusks. But while you might imagine a rustic version of modern escargot, the snails in question were actually enormous in comparison.A team of researchers from the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found shell fragments of land snails from the Achatinidae family – which can grow to 16 centimeters (6.3 inches) long – at Border Cave, located on a cliff near South Africa's border with Eswatini. The site has been excavated on multiple occasions since the...
  • New clues to the behavioral variability of Neanderthal hunting parties

    04/11/2023 9:10:03 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies
    A recent study looks at the spatial organization of a Neanderthal hunting camp at the Navalmaíllo Rock Shelter site in Pinilla del Valle (Madrid), and concludes that these groups employed different models of occupation of the space to fit their needs.Abel Moclán, a predoctoral researcher attached to the Universidad de Burgos (UBU), the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), and the Institute of Evolution in Africa (IDEA), is the lead author of a paper published in the journal Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, which undertakes a spatial analysis of the faunal remains and lithic tools for the Neanderthal...
  • Prehistoric snake bones discovered in south China

    04/10/2023 8:27:41 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    Xinhua ^ | April 3, 2023 | Editor: huaxia
    Snake bones that date back to the Neolithic period, around 6,000 years ago, have been discovered in the Zuojiang River basin, south China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.The longest single vertebra unveiled at the site represents an individual snake belonging to the species Python bivittatus. The vertebra indicates the snake's overall body length exceeded 4.58 meters, surpassing the previous record in China for this species of 3.56 meters.The new discovery has also helped shed light on on the history of hunting snakes in south China, which can be traced back to about 6,000 years ago.Most of the unearthed snake bones had...
  • Israeli archeologists discover 6,000-year-old fishing hook in Ashkelon

    04/10/2023 8:14:11 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    i24 ^ | March 29, 2023 | unattributed
    One of the oldest copper fishhooks in the world was discovered during excavations in Ashkelon, southern Israel, the Israel Antiquity Authority (IAA) announced on Wednesday.The 6,000-year-old discovery was made in 2018 when the IAA carried out excavations prior to the construction of the Agamim neighborhood in Ashkelon. However, the find is only being presented to the public now; it will be exhibited for the first time at the 48th Archeological Congress on April 3, the IAA press release said."This unique find is 6.5 cm (2.5 inches) long and 4 cm (1.5 inches) wide, its large dimensions making it suitable for...
  • Scientists Discover Evidence of Drug Use During Bronze Age Rituals

    04/07/2023 9:49:13 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 14 replies
    Greek Reporter ^ | April 8, 2023 | Abdul Moeed
    A group of experts has discovered proof that people during the Bronze Age used drugs in their ceremonies. By examining hair strands from a burial location in Menorca, Spain, researchers have learned that our ancestors took in hallucinogenic drugs derived from plants. This new information presents the initial clear evidence of drug use in olden Europe. These drugs may have been an important part of their traditional events and practices, according to the researchers. The scientists identified three specific substances, scopolamine, ephedrine, and atropine, in three separate hair samples that they replicated. The researchers noted that due to the dangerous...
  • Woolly Mammoth Giant Meatball Made by Scientists and it Was 'Ridiculously Easy'

    03/28/2023 1:23:47 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 27 replies
    Daily Star ^ | 28 MAR 2023 | Harry Thompson
    Meat consumption is coming under fire from a number of different parts of society, but now a savvy firm that blends the worlds of science and food might have a solution that can keep everyone happyA meatball has been made using the DNA of a woolly mammoth, and apparently, it wasn’t very difficult. The miraculous feat of making a meatball out of something that hasn't existed for more than 4,000 years was achieved by an Australian outfit called Vow. The resurrection approach is a fresh take on meeting the growing demand from consumers who don’t want to kill anything to...
  • Meatball from long-extinct mammoth created by food firm

    03/28/2023 12:51:23 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 51 replies
    Guardian ^ | Tue 28 Mar 2023 01.00 EDT | Damian Carrington Environment editor
    <p>A mammoth meatball has been created by a cultivated meat company, resurrecting the flesh of the long-extinct animals.</p><p>The project aims to demonstrate the potential of meat grown from cells, without the slaughter of animals, and to highlight the link between large-scale livestock production and the destruction of wildlife and the climate crisis.</p>