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New insights on the wooden weapons from the Paleolithic site of Schoningen
Popular Archaeology ^ | Friday, October 23, 2015 | editors

Posted on 10/25/2015 6:07:47 AM PDT by SunkenCiv

The Paleolithic site of Schöningen in north-central Germany is famous for the earliest known, completely preserved wooden weapons or artifacts uncovered there by archaeologists under the direction of Dr. Hartmut Thieme between 1994 and 1998 at an open-cast lignite mine. Deposited in organic sediments at a former lakeshore, they were found in combination with the remains of about 16,000 animal bones, including 20 wild horses, whose bones featured numerous butchery marks, including one pelvis that still had a spear protruding from it. The finds are considered evidence that early humans were active hunters with specialized tool kits as early as 300,000 or more years ago. In a recent study, a team of scientists from Germany and Switzerland document results of an ongoing analysis of the nine spears, one lance, a double pointed stick, and a burnt stick dating to the Holsteinian, c. 300 kyr. Macroscopic and microscopic analyses, as well as studies of thin sections, have now contributed to a better understanding of the manufacture of the wooden weapons.

In general, the researchers report that the spears are extremely well-preserved and show no or little sign of taphonomic alteration, although some of the weapons are broken and parts were slightly moved, likely through water action. Most significantly, the excellent preservation conditions have provided considerable information on the operational sequence of production. Specifically, the hunters selected thin trunks of spruce or pine and initially stripped off the bark. Traces of cutting, scraping, and smoothing can be observed on the spear surfaces in detail. In the case of one of the artifacts, designated 'spear X', repeated use of the weapon is implied by apparent re-sharpening of the tip.

(Excerpt) Read more at popular-archaeology.com ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: cat; cats; germany; godsgravesglyphs; homoheidelbergensis; multiregionalism; paleolithic; replacement; sabertoothedcat; sabertoothedcats; schoningen; schoningenspears
Spear 6 in situ. P. Pfarr NLD, Wikimedia Commons

Spear 6 in situ. P. Pfarr NLD, Wikimedia Commons

1 posted on 10/25/2015 6:07:47 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

2 posted on 10/25/2015 6:08:06 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Here's to the day the forensics people scrape what's left of Putin off the ceiling of his limo.)
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To: SunkenCiv
the spears are extremely well-preserved and show no or little sign of taphonomic alteration

Whew! I was worried about that.

3 posted on 10/25/2015 6:23:09 AM PDT by ClearCase_guy (I've switched. Trump is my #1. He understands how to get things done. Cruz can be VP.)
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To: SunkenCiv
I wonder if the ancients used fire hardening or sharpening.

I've actually used fire hardening in the field with good results.

Never got fire sharpening to work for me.

/johnny

4 posted on 10/25/2015 6:34:05 AM PDT by JRandomFreeper (gone Galt)
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To: JRandomFreeper

I’d be surprised if they didn’t, but I’m not sure we’ll ever get an answer to it.


5 posted on 10/25/2015 10:45:03 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Here's to the day the forensics people scrape what's left of Putin off the ceiling of his limo.)
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To: ClearCase_guy

Taphonomy originated in Wales I think. /rimshot!


6 posted on 10/25/2015 10:51:34 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Here's to the day the forensics people scrape what's left of Putin off the ceiling of his limo.)
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To: SunkenCiv
400,000 year old spears found in an German coal mine!
7 posted on 10/25/2015 11:05:39 AM PDT by blam (Jeff Sessions For President)
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To: SunkenCiv
I would like to see a documentary on fire sharpening.

/johnny

8 posted on 10/25/2015 11:31:01 AM PDT by JRandomFreeper (gone Galt)
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To: ClearCase_guy

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taphonomy

.... something new every day...


9 posted on 10/26/2015 4:23:49 PM PDT by fishtank (The denial of original sin is the root of liberalism.)
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Paleolithic humans in Europe dealt with saber-toothed cats, study shows
http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/fall-2015/article/paleolithic-humans-in-europe-dealt-with-saber-toothed-cats-study-shows


10 posted on 11/06/2015 2:35:17 AM PST by SunkenCiv (Here's to the day the forensics people scrape what's left of Putin off the ceiling of his limo.)
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