Keyword: neolithic

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • World's oldest pet dog? Remains of a domesticated canine that 'lived alongside humans' up to 20,000 years ago are unearthed in Italy

    09/08/2020 11:11:22 AM PDT · by C19fan · 23 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | September 8, 2020 | Joe Pinkstone
    Archaeologists have unearthed what they believe could be the oldest ever remains of a domesticated pet dog. It is thought the remains could be between 14,000 and 20,000 years old, spanning back to the very dawn of the special relationship between humans and canines. While dogs are known as man's best friend and one of the most domesticated animals on Earth, the origin of this dynamic is still a relative mystery.
  • Bowl with 'face and horns' found in 7,000-year-old farmers' settlement

    09/06/2020 6:29:42 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 34 replies
    PAP - Science in Poland ^ | August 31, 2020 | Szymon Zdzieblowski
    A bowl depicting a human face with horns has been found inside a 7,000-year-old house where Poland's first farmers lived. The discovery in Biskupice was made in the area of a large, prehistoric settlement inhabited by a community described by specialists as the Linear Pottery culture... According to Professor Marek Nowak from the Institute of Archaeology of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, who us also involved in the research, this type of artefact is evidence the inhabitants of the settlement had contact with people living in the area of today's Hungary and Slovakia. This is indicated not only by the...
  • Archaeologists uncover 5,700-year-old Neolithic house in north Cork

    09/01/2020 7:57:22 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    Irish Examiner ^ | Wednesday, August 26, 2020 | Sean O'Riordan
    The foundations of a 5,700-year-old Neolithic house, evidence of Bronze Age burials and Iron Age smelting have been discovered by archaeologists as a result of excavations at the sites of two road realignment projects in Co. Cork. They were unearthed in a total of eight separate excavations carried out after the county council undertook two road realignment projects on the N73 (the main road between Mallow and Mitchelstown) close to the villages of Shanballymore and Kildorrery. On one of the sites, archaeologists discovered the foundations of a Neolithic house dating back to approximately 3,700 BC, which they believe may have...
  • "Woodhenge" discovered in prehistoric complex of Perdigies

    08/06/2020 9:41:44 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    The Portugal News ^ | August 4, 2020 | editors
    Archaeological excavations in the Perdig&otildees complex, in the Évora district, have identified "a unique structure in the Prehistory of the iberian Peninsula", Era -Arqueologia announced. Speaking to the Lusa agency, the archaeologist in charge, António Valera, said that it was "a monumental wooden construction, of which the foundations remain, with a circular plan and more than 20 metres in diameter". it is "a ceremonial construction", a type of structure only known in Central Europe and the British isles, according to the archaeologist, with the designations as 'Woodhenge', "wooden versions of Stonehenge", or 'Timber Circles' (wooden circles). The structure now identified...
  • HS2 uncovers Iron Age murder victim and timber Stonehenge-style formation during excavations near Wendover

    07/15/2020 9:31:13 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Bucks Herald ^ | Saturday, July 11th 2020 | Thomas Bamford
    During the excavation work at Wellwick Farm near Wendover, archaeologists discovered a skeleton of an adult male buried face down in a ditch with hands bound together under his pelvis. The unusual burial position suggests the iron age man may have been a victim of a murder or execution. Osteologists are currently examining the skeleton for further evidence of foul play. Dr. Rachel Wood, Project Archaeologist said: "We already knew that Buckinghamshire is rich in archaeology but discovering a site showing human activity spanning 4,000 years came as a bit of a surprise to us. "The death of the Wellwick...
  • 5,000 years of history of domestic cats in Central Europe

    07/15/2020 5:45:13 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 55 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | July 13, 2020 | Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun
    A loner and a hunter with highly developed territorial instincts, a cruel carnivore, a disobedient individual: the cat. These features make the species averse to domestication. Even so, we did it. Nowadays, about 500 million cats live in households all around the world; it is also difficult to estimate the amount of the homeless and the feral ones. Although the common history of cats and people began 10,000 years ago, the origins of the relation still remain unknown... Scientists from the Institute of Archaeology at the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun have outstanding merits in this field. An article discussing...
  • Stonehenge Builders' Houses Found

    01/30/2007 8:13:43 AM PST · by blam · 41 replies · 1,233+ views
    BBC ^ | 1-30-2007
    Stonehenge builders' houses found The village would have housed hundreds of people (Image: National Geographic) Archaeologists say they have found a huge ancient settlement used by the people who built Stonehenge. Excavations at Durrington Walls, near the legendary Salisbury Plain monument, uncovered remains of ancient houses. People seem to have occupied the sites seasonally, using them for ritual feasting and funeral ceremonies. In ancient times, this settlement would have housed hundreds of people, making it the largest Neolithic village ever found in Britain. The dwellings date back to 2,600-2,500 BC, the same period that Stonehenge was built. "In what were...
  • Scotland's Orkneys tell ancient stories

    11/05/2005 1:36:44 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies · 274+ views
    Washington Times ^ | November 5, 2005 | Naomi Koppel
    [T]he 4,000-year-old standing stones of the Ring of Brogar -- a UNESCO World Heritage Site -- are startling. Thirty-six of the original 60 stones remain, in a perfect circle, each up to 13 feet tall, surrounded by a deep ditch cut into the rock. At dawn and dusk, the stones stand dark and imposing against the light reflecting off the Loch of Stenness below. Farther along is the biggest tourist attraction on Orkney, the village of Skara Brae, protected under the sand for nearly 5,000 years until it was revealed by a huge storm in 1850. Each of the stone...
  • Footsteps From The Past: The Ancient Village Of Skra Brae

    10/12/2005 5:23:11 PM PDT · by blam · 25 replies · 1,251+ views
    Scotsman ^ | 10-12-2005 | Caroline Wickham-Jones
    Footsteps from the past: the ancient village of Skara Brae CAROLINE WICKHAM-JONES SCOTLAND'S towns and settlements are proud of their roots, but few can boast the antiquity of Skara Brae on the Orkney Islands. Originally built around 3100BC to house a small group of Neolithic farming families, the abandoned houses with their stone dressers, beds and hearths provide a remarkable glimpse of a lifestyle that has long disappeared. Of course the village developed slowly, as any village today, but Skara Brae is notable for the quality of its remains. The historic site still provides a powerful message, even for the...
  • First Samples Of Prehistoric Flint Stones Discovered In Iran

    11/27/2005 2:55:59 PM PST · by blam · 30 replies · 835+ views
    Payvand ^ | 11-27-2005
    11/27/05 First Samples of Prehistoric Flint Stones Discovered in Iran The first samples of flint stones in Iran belonging to 9000 years ago have been identified in Yeri City historical site. Tehran, 27 November 2005 (CHN) -- The third season of archaeological excavations in the historical site of Yeri City in Ardabil province resulted in the discovery of 9000-year-old flint stones. It is the first time that traces of flint stones from pre-historic periods of Iran have been discovered. During the Neolithic epoch, due to the increase of temperature, environmental circumstances provided human beings with greater food resources. Within this...
  • Archaeology breakthrough: How NASA satellite exposed 8,000-year-old 'lost civilisations'

    07/07/2020 7:46:14 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    Express UK ^ | Monday, June 29, 2020 | Callum Hoare
    The small communities were hiding in the overgrown landscape of the Middle East, but scientists say they hold vital clues to ancient civilisations that once inhabited this area. By combining spy-satellite photos obtained in the Sixties with modern satellite images and digital maps of Earth's surface, the researchers created a new method for mapping large-scale patterns of human movement. The approach, used to map sites spanning eight millennia across 23,000km of northeastern Syria, was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Jason Ur, an archaeologist at Harvard University and study co-author, said in 2012: "Traditional archaeology goes...
  • Testing the DNA of cave art

    07/02/2020 10:40:39 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Bradshaw Foundation ^ | Friday, June 19, 2020 | Bridgette Watson (CBC News)
    The University of Victoria paleoanthropologist Genevieve von Petzinger explains that a DNA test, which would reveal genetic mutations due to evolution, could help pinpoint the time period a painting was made and may help determine if the art was actually the handiwork of humans or Neanderthals — who lived about 130,000 to 40,000 years ago. "It would just be so fascinating to see the identity. The million dollar question is, did Neanderthals paint?" There is already some indication, according to von Petzinger, that this extinct species was, in fact, artistic. Von Petzinger said that a few years ago, some of...
  • Schoolboy Cathal gets a hands-on history lesson with 4,000-year-old boat

    07/02/2020 9:22:04 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies
    Irish Central ^ | June 9, 2020 | Shane O'Brien
    The lake is home to at least one crannóg -- an artificial island used as dwellings and defense mechanisms in prehistoric Ireland. Crannóg's are the oldest dwellings in prehistoric Ireland. There are additionally at least seven ringforts surrounding the town of Lisacul. Eileen McDonagh, Cathal's mother, told the Irish Independent that he was supposed to be doing his homework when he made the discovery. She said that her son became bored with his schoolwork and went for a walk down to the lake, where he paddled up to his ankles in a pair of wellington boots. It was there that...
  • Former Dornoch man discovers 5500-year-old cup in loch

    06/28/2020 12:43:43 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 33 replies
    Northern Times ^ | June 23, 2020 | Mike Merritt
    A former Royal Navy diver and Dornoch native has discovered an almost completely intact 5500-year-old cup, hidden in the mud of a loch in the Outer Hebrides... on the Isle of Lewis on Friday... The location has been kept secret at this stage, but Mr Murray described it as "a beautiful example" of the Neolithic age and was the first person to drink from it in thousands of years. Mr Murray has also previously discovered similar bowls around mysterious man-made islands in the Outer Hebrides which have led to a "startling" re-writing of history. The structures - known as crannogs...
  • Vast neolithic circle of deep shafts found near Stonehenge

    06/23/2020 12:15:56 AM PDT · by rdl6989 · 15 replies
    The Guardian ^ | June 22, 2020 | Dalya Alberge
    A circle of deep shafts has been discovered near the world heritage site of Stonehenge, to the astonishment of archaeologists, who have described it as the largest prehistoric structure ever found in Britain. Four thousand five hundred years ago, the Neolithic peoples who constructed Stonehenge, a masterpiece of engineering, also dug a series of shafts aligned to form a circle spanning 1.2 miles (2km) in diameter. The structure appears to have been a boundary guiding people to a sacred area because Durrington Walls, one of Britain’s largest henge monuments, is located precisely at its centre. The site is 1.9 miles...
  • Scientists find huge ring of ancient shafts near Stonehenge

    06/22/2020 8:08:02 AM PDT · by gnarledmaw · 38 replies
    AP via MSN ^ | 22JUN20 | AP
    Synopsis: A 4500yo ring (1.2miles across) of 20+ pits (32'wide x 16'deep) of unknown purpose found at Durrington Walls, the Neolithic village associated with Stonehenge.
  • Discovery of the oldest Chinese work of art

    06/13/2020 6:27:32 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    EurekAlert ^ | June 10, 2020 | CNRS
    Carved from burnt bone, this miniature bird statuette is the oldest known Chinese work of art, according to an international team involving the CNRS, the universities of Bordeaux (France), Shandong (China), Bergen (Norway), and the Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel). It was unearthed at Lingjing, a site in Henan Province, in an archaeological context dated to between 13,800 and 13,000 years ago. This discovery pushes back the origins of animal sculpture and representations in East Asia by more than 8,500 years (1). The stylistic and technical particularities of the figurine - it is the only known Palaeolithic sculpture representing an...
  • DNA increases our understanding of contact between Stone Age cultures

    06/12/2020 8:52:17 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | June 5, 2020 | Uppsala University
    Archaeological remains have shown that in the middle part the Stone Age, there were at least three different but partially contemporary cultural groups in Sweden. The groups are often called: Funnel Beaker culture, which is associated with Scandinavia's first farmers; Pitted Ware culture, which is mainly linked to fishing and hunting; and Battle Axe culture, which represents a blended culture of herding and farming... The researchers have analysed DNA from 25 Stone Age individuals from four Pitted Ware culture burial grounds on Gotland. About half of the individuals were buried in typical Pitted Ware culture graves and the other half...
  • Ancient DNA unveils important missing piece of human history

    05/21/2020 10:20:12 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | May 14, 2020 | Chinese Academy of Sciences HQ
    The researchers used advanced ancient DNA capture techniques to retrieve ancient DNA from 25 individuals dating back 9,500-4,200 years and one individual dating back 300 years from northern and southern East Asia... Prof. FU and her team found that these Neolithic humans share the closest genetic relationship to present-day East Asians who belong to this "second layer." This suggests that by 9,500 years ago, the primary ancestries composing the genetic makeup of East Asians today could already be found in mainland East Asia. While more divergent ancestries can be found in Southeast Asia and the Japanese archipelago, in the Chinese...
  • New Guinea's Neolithic period may have started without outside help

    03/28/2020 5:54:14 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    Science News ^ | March 25, 2020 | Bruce Bower
    Signs of a cultural shift in toolmaking and lifestyles sparked by farming, previously found at ancient Asian and European sites, have surfaced for the first time on New Guinea. Excavations at a highland site called Waim produced relics of a cultural transition to village life, which played out on the remote island north of Australia around 5,050 to 4,200 years ago. Archaeologist Ben Shaw of the University of New South Wales in Sydney and colleagues report the findings March 25 in Science Advances. Agriculture on New Guinea originated in the island's highlands an estimated 8,000 to 4,000 years ago. But...