Free Republic 2nd Qtr 2023 Fundraising Target: $77,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $46,403
Woo hoo!! And we're now over 60%!! Thank you all very much!! God bless.

Astronomy (General/Chat)

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • Exoplanet Discovery Alert: Webb Space Telescope Finds Water in Ultra-Hot Alien World

    06/01/2023 9:08:15 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 5 replies
    WASP-18 b, seen in an artist’s concept, is a gas giant exoplanet 10 times more massive than Jupiter that orbits its star in just 23 hours. Researchers used NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope to study the planet as it moved behind its star. Temperatures there reach 5,000 degrees Fahrenheit (2,700 °C). Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech (K. Miller/IPAC) *********************************************************** Using the James Webb Space Telescope, scientists have created the first detailed temperature map of exoplanet WASP-18 b, and identified water vapor in its extremely hot atmosphere. These findings are providing valuable insights into the planet’s formation, suggesting it likely emerged from the leftover...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day - Simulation: A Disk Galaxy Forms

    05/31/2023 12:51:44 PM PDT · by MtnClimber · 7 replies
    NASA ^ | 31 May, 2023 | Video Credit: TNG Collaboration, MPCDF, FAS Harvard U.; Music: World's Sunrise (YouTube: Jimena Cont
    Explanation: How did we get here? We know that we live on a planet orbiting a star orbiting a galaxy, but how did all of this form? Since our universe moves too slowly to watch, faster-moving computer simulations are created to help find out. Specifically, this featured video from the IllustrisTNG collaboration tracks gas from the early universe (redshift 12) until today (redshift 0). As the simulation begins, ambient gas falls into and accumulates in a region of relatively high gravity. After a few billion years, a well-defined center materializes from a strange and fascinating cosmic dance. Gas blobs --...
  • Man Swears Blood Red Sun Is Actually ‘Planet Nibiru’

    05/31/2023 8:30:31 AM PDT · by Ezekiel · 17 replies
    MSN ^ | May 24, 2023 | Diana Logan
    With the help of modern technology, it’s not actually difficult to tell what heavenly bodies one might be seeing in the sky. >>> So there’s really no excuse to let loose with wild theories... >>> It is important to note that, as amazing as the Sumerians were, they did not have telescopes like we do. We do not know which heavenly body the Sumerians identified as “Nibiru”, but we do know it’s not the moon, the sun or any other large, easily identifiable objects in the sky. If any rogue planet (which may actually exist out there) were near enough...
  • Understanding just how big solar flares can get

    05/31/2023 5:24:23 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 36 replies
    FreeThink ^ | May 28, 2023 | By Christopher Crockett
    Scientists reveal the potential for massive, and potentially destructive, eruptions from the sun. On May 1, 2019, the star next door erupted. In a matter of seconds, Proxima Centauri, the nearest star to our sun, got thousands of times brighter than usual — up to 14,000 times brighter in the ultraviolet range of the spectrum. The radiation burst was strong enough to split any water molecules that might exist on the temperate, Earth-sized planet orbiting that star; repeated blasts of that magnitude might have stripped the planet of any atmosphere. It would be bad news if the Earth’s sun ever...
  • NASA to hold historic public meeting about UFOs TOMORROW: Space agency to give first update of its study into unidentified craft in our skies AND oceans - and you can watch it live

    05/30/2023 6:45:24 PM PDT · by Libloather · 70 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 5/30/23 | Matthew Phelan
    NASA is due to hold a historic public meeting about UFOs tomorrow — as the once-mocked subject becomes mainstream. The space agency launched an independent task force which has been studying unidentified objects in our skies and oceans since September of last year. Tomorrow's panel will see a broad discussion of NASA's 'science perspective' on UAP, alongside more specific and exotic presentations, including one NASA astrobiologist breaking down 'relevant observations' of anomalies 'beyond Earth's atmosphere.' Tomorrow's meeting, which is expected to last over four hours, will make history as the first time America's space agency has presented any results from...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day - M27: The Dumbbell Nebula

    05/30/2023 12:17:50 PM PDT · by MtnClimber · 11 replies
    NASA ^ | 30 May, 2023 | Image Credit & Copyright: Patrick A. Cosgrove
    Explanation: Is this what will become of our Sun? Quite possibly. The first hint of our Sun's future was discovered inadvertently in 1764. At that time, Charles Messier was compiling a list of diffuse objects not to be confused with comets. The 27th object on Messier's list, now known as M27 or the Dumbbell Nebula, is a planetary nebula, one of the brightest planetary nebulae on the sky and visible with binoculars toward the constellation of the Fox (Vulpecula). It takes light about 1000 years to reach us from M27, featured here in colors emitted by sulfur (red), hydrogen (green)...
  • Aarhus University [Denmark] Researchers Find Arctic Warmer, Ice-Free in Summertime 10,000 Years Ago!

    05/30/2023 10:48:42 AM PDT · by zeestephen · 21 replies
    Watts Up With That ^ | 27 May 2023 | Aarhus University
    Researchers from Aarhus University, in collaboration with Stockholm University and the United States Geological Survey, analyzed samples from the previously inaccessible region north of Greenland...They showed that the sea ice in this region melted away during summer months around 10,000 years ago...During this time period, summer temperatures in the Arctic were higher than today...This was caused by natural climate variability [not] human-induced warming...
  • Earth has a new 'MOON', scientists reveal - and it's here to stay for at least 1,500 years

    05/29/2023 3:08:41 PM PDT · by Libloather · 32 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 5/29/23 | Jonathan Chadwick
    Earth has a new moon - or at least a 'quasi-moon', a new study has revealed. A quasi-moon is a space rock that circles the Earth, but is gravitationally bound by the sun. This quasi-moon, called 2023 FW13, was discovered by experts using the Pan-STARRS telescope at the top of the Haleakala volcano in Hawaii, and is one of a handful of known quasi-moons. Experts think the ancient cosmic companion has been in Earth's vicinity since 100 BC and will keep circling our planet for at least another 1,500 years, until AD 3700. Thankfully, neither 2023 FW13 or a similar...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day - Milky Way over a Turquoise Wonderland

    05/29/2023 12:41:01 PM PDT · by MtnClimber · 9 replies ^ | 29 May, 2023 | Image Credit & Copyright: Petr Horálek / Institute of Physics in Opava, Sovena Jani
    Explanation: What glows there? The answer depends: sea or sky? In the sea, the unusual blue glow is bioluminescence. Specifically, the glimmer arises from Noctiluca scintillans, single-celled plankton stimulated by the lapping waves. The plankton use their glow to startle and illuminate predators. This mid-February display on an island in the Maldives was so intense that the astrophotographer described it as a turquoise wonderland. In the sky, by contrast, are the more familiar glows of stars and nebulas. The white band rising from the artificially-illuminated green plants is created by billions of stars in the central disk of our Milky...
  • President Trump's Memorial Day Message

    05/29/2023 6:56:20 AM PDT · by Behind Liberal Lines · 37 replies
    Truth Social ^ | May 29, 2023 at 7:43 AM | Donald J. Trump
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day - Ida and Dactyl: Asteroid and Moon

    05/28/2023 3:41:40 PM PDT · by MtnClimber · 5 replies ^ | 28 May, 2023 | Image Credit: NASA, JPL, Galileo Mission
    Explanation: This asteroid has a moon. The robot spacecraft Galileo on route to Jupiter in 1993 encountered and photographed two asteroids during its long interplanetary voyage. The second minor planet it photographed, 243 Ida, was unexpectedly discovered to have a moon. The tiny moon, Dactyl, is only about 1.6 kilometers across and seen as a small dot on the right of the sharpened featured image. In contrast, the potato-shaped Ida is much larger, measuring about 60 kilometers long and 25 km wide. Dactyl is the first moon of an asteroid ever discovered -- now many asteroids are known to have...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day - Crescent Neptune and Triton

    05/27/2023 12:12:05 PM PDT · by MtnClimber · 10 replies ^ | 27 May, 2023 | Image Credit: NASA, Voyager 2
    Explanation: Gliding through the outer Solar System, in 1989 the Voyager 2 spacecraft looked toward the Sun to find this view of most distant planet Neptune and its moon Triton together in a crescent phase. The elegant image of ice-giant planet and largest moon was taken from behind just after Voyager's closest approach. It could not have been taken from Earth because the most distant planet never shows a crescent phase to sunward eyes. Heading for the heliopause and beyond, the spacecraft's parting vantage point also robs Neptune of its familiar blue hue.
  • Hide and Seek [re: Perseverance and Ingenuity on Mars]

    05/27/2023 4:28:47 AM PDT · by Ezekiel · 3 replies
    NASA ^ | May 26, 2023 | Travis Brown
    Even before the end of Ingenuity’s primary mission as a technology demonstrator, the helicopter showed that it could provide tactical and scientific scouting for the Perseverance mission. In practice, this hasn’t always been possible, but Ingenuity has indeed proven its worth on more than a few occasions over the course of the mission. As mentioned in a previous post, the team was looking forward to doing this yet again as the rover made the long ascent up the Jezero delta. >>> Since the first post-winter overnight “survival” on Sol 685, the helicopter had unfortunately been drifting in and out of...
  • NASA's Artemis moon rocket will cost $6 billion more than planned: report

    05/26/2023 12:49:13 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 44 replies
    Space ^ | MAY 26, 2023 | By Andrew Jones
    The Space Launch System's booster and engine are now projected to cost at least $13.1 billion over 25 years. An independent report looking into the development of NASA's new moon rocket has found significant cost overruns and delays that could harm the agency's plans to put astronauts back on the moon. Development of the Space Launch System (SLS) began in November 2011. It had a successful test flight in November 2022, six years after its first targeting a debut launch in late 2016. The SLS megarocket is intended to return humans to the moon as part of NASA's Artemis program,...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day - Virgo Cluster Galaxies

    05/26/2023 12:28:47 PM PDT · by MtnClimber · 16 replies ^ | 26 May, 2023 | Image Credit & Copyright: Abdullah Alharbi
    Explanation: Galaxies of the Virgo Cluster are scattered across this nearly 4 degree wide telescopic field of view. About 50 million light-years distant, the Virgo Cluster is the closest large galaxy cluster to our own local galaxy group. Prominent here are Virgo's bright elliptical galaxies Messier catalog, M87 at bottom center, and M84 and M86 (top to bottom) near top left. M84 and M86 are recognized as part of Markarian's Chain, a visually striking line-up of galaxies on the left side of this frame. Near the middle of the chain lies an intriguing interacting pair of galaxies, NGC 4438 and...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day - Cat s Eye Wide and Deep

    05/25/2023 12:13:43 PM PDT · by MtnClimber · 5 replies ^ | 25 May, 2023 | Image Credit & Copyright: Jean-François Bax, Guillaume Gruntz
    Explanation: The Cat's Eye Nebula (NGC 6543) is one of the best known planetary nebulae in the sky. Its more familiar outlines are seen in the brighter central region of the nebula in this impressive wide-angle view. But this wide and deep image combining data from two telescopes also reveals its extremely faint outer halo. At an estimated distance of 3,000 light-years, the faint outer halo is over 5 light-years across. Planetary nebulae have long been appreciated as a final phase in the life of a sun-like star. More recently, some planetary nebulae are found to have halos like this...
  • New supernova thrills astronomers and skywatchers around the world

    05/25/2023 11:55:32 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 24 replies ^ | MAY 25, 2023 | By Elizabeth Howell
    The Pinwheel Galaxy has a new bright spot. ... an animation showing a bright star explosion appearing in a spiral galaxy Long Island, New York-based astrophotographer Steven Bellavia produced this composite animation of the Pinwheel Galaxy using an image taken on April 21 and comparing it to another image taken on May 21, which clearly shows the supernova appearing. (Image credit: Steven Bellavia) Astronomers and amateurs alike are excited about a new star explosion visible in small telescopes. The new supernova popped into visibility on May 19 in the Pinwheel Galaxy, (also designated as Messier 101, or M101). The galaxy...
  • A star-planet system with a COHERENT radio signal from an AURORA

    05/25/2023 6:20:17 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 33 replies
    YouTube ^ | 13 days ago | Dr. Becky
    A star-planet system with a COHERENT radio signal from an AURORA | 10:26Dr. Becky | 579K subscribers | 133K views | 13 days ago
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day - Observatory Aligned with Moon Occulting Jupiter

    05/24/2023 11:36:44 AM PDT · by MtnClimber · 14 replies ^ | 24 May, 2023 | Image Credit & Copyright: Rick Whitacre; Text: Natalia Lewandowska (SUNY Oswego)
    Explanation: Sometimes we witness the Moon moving directly in front of -- called occulting -- one of the planets in our Solar System. Earlier this month that planet was Jupiter. Captured here was the moment when Jupiter re-appeared from behind the surface of our Moon. The Moon was in its third quarter, two days before the dark New Moon. Now, our Moon is continuously half lit by the Sun, but when in its third quarter, relatively little of that half can be seen from the Earth. Pictured, the Moon itself was aligned behind the famous Lick Observatory in California, USA,...
  • Stanford professor says aliens are ‘100 per cent’ on earth, US is ‘reverse-engineering downed UFOs’

    05/24/2023 2:56:22 AM PDT · by RoosterRedux · 127 replies
    A Stanford professor who has researched unidentified aerial phenomena for the US government says he believes extraterrestrial intelligence has not only visited earth but “it’s been here a long time and it’s still here”. Dr Garry Nolan also claimed that whistleblowers who have worked on “reverse-engineering downed craft” had recently given classified testimony to Congress, creating a “hornet’s nest in Washington”. Dr Nolan, a Professor of Pathology at Stanford University School of Medicine who has published more than 300 research articles and holds 40 US patents, made the bombshell comments during a talk at the Salt iConnections conference in New...