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Keyword: archaeoastronomy

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  • 4,000-Year-Old Stonehenge-like Sanctuary Unearthed in the Netherlands

    06/22/2023 2:34:41 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 13 replies
    Artnews ^ | June 22, 2023 | Tessa Solomon
    Archaeologists have uncovered a mysterious sanctuary in the central Netherlands made of burial mounds and ancient offerings of human and animal bones that has striking similarities to Stonehenge. The 4,000-year-old site was discovered in the town of Tiel and, like prehistoric stone circle Stonehenge, tracked the position of the sun on the solstices. “The largest mound served as a sun calendar, similar to the famous stones of Stonehenge in England,” the municipality of Tiel said in a statement. “This sanctuary must have been a highly significant place where people kept track of special days in the year, performed rituals and...
  • All hail the rising sun! Stonehenge welcomes 8,000 visitors for the summer solstice

    06/21/2023 4:41:46 PM PDT · by DallasBiff · 26 replies & AP ^ | 6/21/23 | Pan Pylas & Kim Chueng
    Around 8,000 revelers gathered around a prehistoric stone circle on a plain in southern England to express their devotion to the sun, or to have some communal fun STONEHENGE, England (AP) — All hail the rising sun. Around 8,000 revelers gathered around a prehistoric stone circle on a plain in southern England to express their devotion to the sun, or to have some communal fun. Druids, pagans, hippies, local residents and tourists, many clad in an array of colorful costumes and even antlers, stayed and celebrated at Stonehenge for the night and greeted sunrise on Wednesday, which is the longest...
  • Vast cemetery of Bronze Age burial mounds unearthed near Stonehenge

    06/18/2023 6:26:16 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    Live Science ^ | June 15, 2023 | Tom Metcalfe
    Archaeologists have discovered a vast cemetery of Bronze Age burial mounds, thought to be up to 4,400 years old, ahead of a building development less than 10 miles (16 kilometers) from Stonehenge.The cemetery includes more than 20 circular mounds, known as barrows, built between 2400 B.C. and 1500 B.C. on a chalk hillside near Harnham on the outskirts of Salisbury in southwest England.Other than the site's proximity to Stonehenge, there's no evidence that the cemetery was connected with the famous monument. But the barrows were built around the same time as some of the central stages of Stonehenge, according to...
  • Anger as pre-historic stones destroyed for French DIY store

    06/15/2023 10:01:24 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    France 24 ^ | June 8, 2023 | AFP
    Around 40 standing stones thought to have been erected by prehistoric humans 7,000 years ago have been destroyed near a famed archaeological site in northwest France to make way for a DIY store, an angry local historian has revealed.The stones in Carnac were between 50-100 centimetres (20-40 inches) high and stood close to the main highly protected areas of one of Europe's largest and most mysterious pre-historic tourist attractions...He believes 39 standing stones -- known as menhirs -- have been lost, estimating their age to be around 7,000 years based on carbon dating conducted on stones nearby in 2010.The land...
  • Four New Nazca Lines Identified by Artificial Intelligence in Peru

    06/06/2023 2:35:38 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 16 replies
    ArtNews ^ | June 6, 2023 | Francesca Aton Plus Icon June 6, 2023
    Using a form of artificial intelligence, researchers have discovered four new Nazca geoglyphs in Peru, according to a new study recently published in the Journal of Archaeological Science. The Nazca lines are UNESCO-protected geoglyphs dating from between 100 BCE and 300 CE that depict humans, camelids, birds, orcas, felines, and snakes. There are a range of theories surrounding their purpose, including that the Nazca geoglyphs depict deities, are a form of irrigation, or are a calendar with astrological alignments, though it remains unclear. Related Articles A hand holds a stone, penis-shaped object. Penis-Shaped Stone Used for Sharpening Weapons Found in...
  • Archaeologists reveal origins of famous Stone Age monument

    08/10/2021 10:42:34 AM PDT · by LibWhacker · 10 replies ^ | 8/10/2021 | by University of Manchester
    Archaeologists from the Universities of Manchester and Cardiff have discovered the origins of Arthur's Stone, one of the UK's most famous Stone Age monuments. Manchester's Professor Julian Thomas, who led the excavation, says the imposing Herefordshire tomb is linked to nearby 'halls of the dead', which were discovered in 2013. It is the first time the construction—which inspired the 'stone table' in C.S. Lewis' The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe—has been properly excavated. Dating to the Neolithic period in 3700BC, Arthur's Stone is located on a lonely hilltop outside of the village of Dorstone, facing the Black Mountains in...
  • More than 100 pre-Hispanic religious sites linked to ancient Andean cults discovered in Bolivia

    04/29/2023 8:20:48 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | April 17, 2023 | Bob Yirka, Journal information: Antiquity
    A trio of archaeologists from the National Scientific and Technical Research Council, Argentina, the French National Center for Scientific Research and the Institute of Research for Development, France, has found more than 100 pre-Hispanic religious sites that they believe are linked to ancient Andean cults in Bolivia. In their paper published in the journal Antiquity, Pablo Cruz, Richard Joffre and Jean Vacher, describe the sites they found and highlight one in particular that stood out from the rest.In this new effort, the researchers were studying hilltops in the Carangas region of Highland Bolivia, which was once home to pre-Hispanic people....
  • Nope, Stonehenge Isn't an Ancient Calendar After All, Scientists Say

    03/27/2023 2:28:32 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Science Alert ^ | March 27, 2023 | Mike McRae
    ...To a number of scholars, there's more to Stonehenge's design than a symbolic reverence for the changing lengths of days. It's a timekeeper of some detail, a 'Neolithic computer' even...Last year, Bournemouth University archaeologist Tim Darvill published his claim that the monument operated as some kind of 'perpetual calendar', one based on a solar year equivalent to 365.25 days.Now, Polytechnic University of Milan mathematician Giulio Magli and astronomer Juan Antonio Belmonte from the Institute of Astrophysics of the Canary Islands, Spain, have countered Darvill's claim, stating it is based on "a series of forced interpretations, numerology, and unsupported analogies with...
  • Was the Azores home to an ancient civilisation?

    10/31/2022 5:12:58 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    YouTube ^ | Narrator: Sam Hartford, Executive Producer: Griesham Taan | BBC Reel
    History books tell us that Portuguese navigators found the Azores islands uninhabited in the middle of the Atlantic during the early 1400s. But some intriguing constructions suggest that people occupied this area long before.So, who was this civilisation, and why did they leave?Was the Azores home to an ancient civilisation? | Next Stop Stories | BBC Reel | October 28, 2022
  • Did Vikings beat Portugal to the Azores? Researchers studying animal remains say Norse explorers stepped foot on the islands HUNDREDS of years before the Portuguese

    10/31/2021 9:14:22 PM PDT · by blueplum · 51 replies
    The Daily Mail uK ^ | 31 October 2021 | LIZZIE MAY FOR MAILONLINE
    Researchers have discovered evidence to support the idea that Vikings settled on the Azores several hundred years before the Portuguese arrived in 1427. Evidence from animal remains has led ecologist Pedro Raposeiro and his team, of the University of the Azores, to believe the Vikings were there first.... ...Evolutionary biologist Dr Jeremy Searle of Cornell University has supported the conclusions by Mr Raposeiro. He has also argued that Vikings made it to the Azores - but his work is based on the mouse as his biological source....
  • Evidence of people on the Azores archipelago 700 years earlier than thought

    10/12/2021 3:04:15 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies ^ | October 5, 2021 | Bob Yirka
    An international team of researchers has found evidence that people lived on islands in the Azores archipelago approximately 700 years earlier than prior evidence has shown. In their paper, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes their study of sediment cores taken from lakes on some of the islands in the archipelago.Due to the absence of other evidence, historians have believed that people first arrived in the Azores in 1427, when Portuguese sailor Diogo de Silves landed on Santa Maria Island. Soon thereafter, others from Portugal arrived and made the archipelago their home. In this...
  • Archeology: Prehistoric rock art found in caves on Terceira Island -- Azores

    10/06/2012 9:36:23 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    Portuguese American Journal ^ | August 27, 2012 | Carolina Matos
    The president of the Portuguese Association of Archeological Research (APIA), Nuno Ribeiro, revealed Monday having found rock art on the island of Terceira, supporting his believe that human occupation of the Azores predates the arrival of the Portuguese by many thousands of years, Lusa reported. "We have found a rock art site with representations we believe can be dated back to the Bronze Age," Ribeiro told Lusa in Ponta Delgada, at a presentation in University of the Azores on the topic of early human occupation of the Azores. The oldest cave art known in Europe is of prehistoric origin, dating...
  • Carthaginian temples found -- Azores

    07/10/2011 6:57:49 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 51 replies
    Portuguese American Journal ^ | Saturday, July 9, 2011 |
    Archaeologists from the Portuguese Association of Archeological Research (APIA) believe to have found in the Azores a significant number of Carthaginian temples, from the fourth century BC, dedicated to the goddess Tanit. The new archaeological sites were found in Monte Brasil, Angra Heroismo, Terceira island. According to APIA archaeologists Nuno Ribeiro and Anabela Joaquinito, "More than five hypogea type monuments (tombs excavated in rocks) and at least three 'sanctuaries' proto-historic, carved into the rock, were found." A monument located at "Monte do Facho" shows inbuilt sink shaped carvings linked to water conduits for libations. "There are 'chairs' carved into the...
  • Ruins on Mount Tlaloc Are an Ancient Observatory

    01/08/2023 5:01:05 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies
    Heritage Daily ^ | January 5, 2023 | Markus Milligan
    In a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences (PNAS), archaeologists have found that a straight stone causeway on Mount Ttlaloc aligns with the rising sun on February 23rd/24th.Mount Ttlaloc is an eroded stratovolcano, located in the State of Mexico, in the municipalities of Ixtapaluca and Texcoco.The mountain was worshiped by the Aztecs, who associated it with the rain god Tlaloc as one of his earthly dwelling places, called Tlalocan...The researchers found that if an observer stands in the lower part of the stone causeway on Mount Tlaloc, looking upwards on the 23rd/24th of February, they...
  • Three centuries before Christ's birth, people celebrated 25 December, archaeologists claim

    12/28/2003 10:32:36 PM PST · by freedom44 · 8 replies · 2,220+ views
    Indepedent UK ^ | 12/25/03 | David Keys
    Archeologists say they have traced the origins of the first Christmas to be celebrated on 25 December, 300 years before the birth of Christ. The original event marked the consecration of the ancient world's largest sun god statue, the 34m tall, 200 ton Colossus of Rhodes. It has long been known that 25 December was not the real date of Christ's birth and that the decision to turn it into Jesus's birthday was made by Constantine, the Roman Emperor, in the early 4th century AD. But experts believe the origins of that decision go back to 283 BC, when, in...
  • Before Stonehenge monuments, hunter-gatherers made use of open habitats

    05/03/2022 7:29:39 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | April 27, 2022 | Public Library of Science
    The authors combine pollen, spores, sedimentary DNA, and animal remains to characterize the pre-Neolithic habitat of the site, inferring partially open woodland conditions, which would have been beneficial to large grazing herbivores like aurochs, as well as hunter-gatherer communities. This study supports previous evidence that the Stonehenge region was not covered in closed canopy forest at this time, as has previously been proposed.This study also provides date estimates for human activity at Blick Mead. Results indicate that hunter-gatherers used this site for 4,000 years up until the time of the earliest known farmers and monument-builders in the region, who would...
  • 4,000-year-old 'shaman' burial near Stonehenge has a golden secret

    12/16/2022 9:23:11 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 28 replies ^ |,publi
    Stone tools found in a 4,000-year-old grave near Stonehenge have traces of gold on their surfaces that indicate they were used to fashion gold ornaments. In 1801, archaeologists found the assemblage of Bronze Age artifacts, including the stone tools, in a barrow or burial mound from about 1800 B.C. near the village of Upton Lovell, about 10 miles (16 kilometers) west of Stonehenge. The assemblage(opens in new tab) includes flint axes, a necklace of beads of polished stone and dozens of bone points — possibly from another necklace and the fringe of a garment. The collection, which is now on...
  • Oldest Evidence of Maya Calendar Discovered in Guatemala

    12/09/2022 8:45:10 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    U of Texas ^ | December 7, 2022 | Jennifer Irving
    Evidence for the earliest known Maya calendar has been found in San Bartolo, Guatemala, by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin. While excavating murals at a site in San Bartolo, two fragments were found and pieced together to form the notation "7 Deer," which dates back more than 2,000 years to 300 B.C., several centuries older than previously obtained evidence..."The Maya calendar is one of the most distinctive and well-known features of the culture and of traditional Mesoamerican peoples. It was in use for centuries before the arrival of Europeans, and some of it is still being used...
  • BLOOD MOON Moon’s wobble blamed for killing tens of millions of trees on Earth in new scientific discovery

    12/02/2022 12:02:01 AM PST · by blueplum · 41 replies
    The SUN Uk ^ | 01 Dec 2022 | Charlotte Edwards, Assistant Technology and Science Editor
    THE Moon destroyed a forest on Earth just by wobbling, according to a new study. The theory solves a mystery from 2015 which involved tens of millions of mangrove trees dying in Australia.... ...The researchers used 30 years of national satellite data to conduct their research and correlate the Moon's behavior with the mass tree death. This helped them spot a pattern of trees dying every 18 to 19 years, which is in keeping with the Moon wobble timeline....
  • Siberia’s Whale Bone Alley: Stonehenge’s Eerie Russian Cousin

    12/15/2014 9:10:06 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 13 replies ^ | December 12, 2014 | Martin J. Clemens
    Upon closer inspection, you would find that this is no random collection of bones, but rather is a deliberately constructed roadway delineated by the towering rib bones (some in excess of five metres high and weighing 300 kg), and dotted with huge whale skulls and large square pits dug into the permafrost. It would be a perplexing sight indeed.