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Keyword: ancientautopsies

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  • Horses may have been domesticated twice. Only one attempt stuck

    06/09/2024 3:24:03 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    Science News ^ | June 6, 2024 | Tina Hesman Saey
    Horses were domesticated at least twice, researchers report June 6 in Nature. Genetic data suggest Botai hunter-gatherers in Central Asia may have been the first to domesticate the animals for milk and meat around 5,000 years ago. That attempt didn't stick. But other people living north of the Caucasian Mountains domesticated horses for transportation about 4,200 years ago, the researchers found.Those latter horses took the equine world by storm. In just a few centuries, they replaced their wild cousins and became the modern domestic horse...ancient people from southwest Asia known as the Yamnaya have been credited with being the first...
  • Medieval Woman Stood Less Than 5 Feet Tall. She May Have Been Deadly Warrior, Study Says

    06/06/2024 6:48:44 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 42 replies
    MSN ^ | 6/5 | Brendan Rascius
    While excavating a cemetery for medieval knights in Spain, archaeologists came across something unexpected: the remains of a woman. Pierced by sharp objects, her bones suggest she fought and died in battle, likely over 800 years ago. The discovery prompted a flurry of questions about her role in the male-dominated society. Who was she? Why was she buried there? Did she fight alongside the knights? By analyzing her skeleton, archaeologists shed light on her diet, lifestyle and status, allowing them to venture several hypotheses about her identity, according to a study published May 14 in the journal Scientific Reports.
  • GP Issues 'Fever and Rashes' Warning as Cases of Medieval Disease Rise in UK

    06/06/2024 6:53:01 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 6 replies
    Mirror ^ | 6/5 | Rom Preston-Ellis
    A GP has shared his expertise on two common sexually transmitted infections - gonorrhoea and syphilis - as cases of the infections in the UK are at an all-time highUK Health Security Agency's latest figures have shown that cases of gonorrhoea and syphilis are at a record high across the UK. As summer approaches, a lack of education about these common STIs could lead to an even greater increase in cases, warns a doctor. Dr Donald Grant, a GP and senior clinical advisor at The Independent Pharmacy, has offered his expert advice on these two sexually transmitted infections, highlighting the...
  • Analysis of 4,000-year-old Egyptian Skull Reveals Something 'extraordinary' That Leaves Researchers 'stunned'

    06/04/2024 9:14:35 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 57 replies
    The Debrief ^ | May 30, 2024 | Christopher Plain
    An international team of researchers studying a 4,000-year-old Egyptian skull that had signs of cancer say they have found evidence that ancient Egyptian medical practitioners knew about and potentially even tried to treat the deadly disease...While previous studies have revealed that Egyptians from these periods were able to identify, describe, and treat diseases and traumatic injuries, build prosthetics, and even place dental fillings, this study is the first to show that these surprisingly advanced ancient people may have tried to treat cancer around the same time they were building the pyramids...To conduct their analysis, the researchers were able to procure...
  • Scientists are Using Tooth Isotopes to Bring Home Unidentified Soldiers

    11/25/2022 11:34:52 AM PST · by nickcarraway · 9 replies
    Forensic Magazine ^ | November 21, 2022
    November 21, 2022 Share Email 592205.jpg Credit: U.S. Military One of the keys to bringing home unidentified military remains, including POW/MIAs and the more than 81,500 soldiers unaccounted for in conflicts dating back to World War II, is using science to determine where home might be. University of Utah scientists are engaged in an effort, in support of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency, to develop methods that can trace the geographic origin of remains, particularly teeth. Why teeth? Because everyone’s body, including their teeth, contains a record of where they’ve lived and traveled in the form of various stable isotopes...
  • British museum will remove the bones of ‘Irish Giant’ Charles Byrne

    01/18/2023 10:50:17 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 17 replies
    Fox News ^ | January 18, 2023 | Peter Aitken,
    A British museum will remove the bones of a true-life giant in an effort to honor the deceased’s final wishes, but trustees want to retain the remains in the interest of “bona fide research.” “John Hunter and other anatomists and surgeons of the 18th and 19th centuries acquired many specimens in ways we would not consider ethical today and which are rightly subject to review and discussion,” trustees of the Hunterian Museum wrote in a statement. Irishman Charles Byrne reached a staggering height of 7-foot-7, earning the nickname of the “Irish Giant.” Upon his death in June 1783 at the...
  • Revolutionary Genetics Research Shows RNA May Rule Our Genome

    05/15/2024 6:04:05 AM PDT · by Skywise · 17 replies
    Scientific American ^ | May 14, 2024 | Philip Ball
    Thomas Gingeras did not intend to upend basic ideas about how the human body works. In 2012 the geneticist, now at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York State, was one of a few hundred colleagues who were simply trying to put together a compendium of human DNA functions. Their ­project was called ENCODE, for the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements. About a decade earlier almost all of the three billion DNA building blocks that make up the human genome had been identified. Gingeras and the other ENCODE scientists were trying to figure out what all that DNA did. The assumption...
  • Scientists discover ancient HERPES in 50,000-year-old Neanderthal bones found in a Russian cave... and they want to bring virus back to life

    05/14/2024 9:24:55 AM PDT · by algore · 44 replies
    The oldest human viruses, including herpes, have been uncovered in 50,000-year-old Neanderthal bones - and experts could soon recreate them. Researchers at Brazil's Federal University of São Paulo identified remnants of the herpesviruses, which causes cold sores, the sexually transmitted papillomavirus and adenovirus, also known as the common cold, in two male Neanderthals' DNA found in a Russian cave. Previous theories suggested that Neanderthals may have gone extinct because of viruses and the latest study may be the first to provide evidence for this idea. Now, the team hopes to synthesize the viruses and infect human cells in a lab...
  • Family Tree Leads Cops to Suspect in 2 Cold-Case Murders

    05/11/2024 7:22:23 PM PDT · by TheDon · 17 replies
    The Daily Beast ^ | Tracy Connor
    After nearly 40 years, police say they have solved two cold-case murders of Virginia women using genetic genealogy. On Tuesday morning, cops arrested Elroy Harrison, 65, in connection with the 1986 slaying of Jacqueline Lard, 32, who was working at a real-estate office when she was beaten and left dead under a pile of carpet in the woods. Authorities say they also expect to charge Harrison in the death of Amy Baker, 18, who was fatally strangled and dumped in the woods after her car broke down in 1989. Forensic evidence links the two cases, police said. ...
  • Iron Age necropolis that predates Rome unearthed near Naples

    05/07/2024 8:33:33 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 3 replies
    Live Science ^ | May 6, 2024 | Tom Metcalfe
    An ancient necropolis discovered near Naples, Italy was used to bury the dead about 2,800 years ago, around the time the city of Rome was founded about 100 miles (161 kilometers) to the northwest.The discovery gives researchers a rare insight into the Iron Age cultures that existed before the Roman domination of the region. The astonishing finds near the town of Amorosi, about 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Naples, include 88 burials in "pit tombs" of both men and women.The men were typically buried with weapons, whereas the women were often buried with bronze ornaments, including bracelets, pendants, brooches...
  • 1,430 ancient Roman graves scattered with funerary festival leftovers unearthed in southern France

    05/06/2024 1:35:03 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Live Science ^ | April 26, 2024 | Sascha Pare
    Archaeologists have unearthed a sprawling ancient Roman cemetery in southern France containing 1,430 graves and evidence of funerary banquets held in honor of deceased family members.Excavations of the cemetery, called the Robine necropolis due to its proximity to a canal of the same name, began in 2017 ahead of construction work in the city of Narbonne. The funerary complex was "remarkably well-preserved," having been buried beneath a 10-foot (3 meters) blanket of silt during flooding of the nearby Aude River, according to a translated statement.The graves and artifacts date to between the end of the first century B.C. and the...
  • 75,000-Year-Old Neanderthal Woman's Facial Reconstruction Sheds New Light on Our Archaic Human Ancestors

    05/03/2024 11:17:40 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 126 replies
    The Debrief ^ | May 3, 2024 | CHRISSY NEWTON
    In 2018, a female Neanderthal was discovered in the Shanidar Cave in Iraqi Kurdistan. Now, archaeologists from The University of Cambridge have unveiled the reconstructed face of the 75,000-year-old woman, based on the assembly of hundreds of individual bone fragments recovered during excavations. “Neanderthals have had a bad press ever since the first ones were found over 150 years ago,” said Professor Graeme Barker from Cambridge’s McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, who led the excavation at the cave where the woman’s remains were discovered. Neanderthals are believed to have become extinct around 40,000 years ago, and discoveries of their remains...
  • T. rex not as smart as we were foolishly made to believe

    04/30/2024 3:27:28 AM PDT · by Jonty30 · 39 replies ^ | April 30, 2024 | Bronwyn Thompson
    While we don't like to talk ill of the dead, new physiological analysis has found that the king of the dinosaurs was not so smart after all. It upends previous research that last year likened the brain and neuronal composition of the Tyrannosaurus rex to that of a primate. It's been a rough year or two for the long extinct dinosaur. First, we questioned their teeth, finding that those iconic chompers could very much have been smaller and hidden behind lips, and now an international team of paleontologists, behavioral scientists and neurologists have concluded that the T. rex wasn't smarter...
  • 9000-year-old multiple burial uncovered in Corsica

    09/26/2011 7:51:51 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    Stone Pages ^ | Tuesday, September 20, 2011 | Edited from L', Le Figaro
    The exceptional discovery of burials about 9,000 years old - probably containing the oldest human remains ever found in Corsica (France) - will allow a better understanding of the history of early settlement of the island and of the Mediterranean. On a hill near the village of Sollacaro, Southern Corsica, nestled under a huge ball-shaped block of eroded granite which served as a shelter for prehistoric peoples, the location has been excavated by a team of archaeologists from several French universities, assisted by a Danish colleague... Having uncovered the bones of four or five adults, a teenager, and a baby...
  • Scientists link elusive human group to 150,000-year-old Chinese 'dragon man'

    04/08/2024 8:23:24 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    Guardian (UK) ^ | Saturday, in the park, March 30, 2024 | Robin McKie
    They remain one of the most elusive groups of humans to have walked on earth. Evidence from the DNA traces left by Denisovans shows they lived on the Tibetan plateau, ­probably ­travelled to the Philippines and Laos in south Asia and might have made their way to northern China more than 100,000 years ago. They also interbred with modern humans...Their DNA, which was first found in samples from the Denisova cave in Siberia in 2010, provides most of our ­information about their existence.But recently scientists have pinpointed a strong candidate for the species to which the Denisovans might have belonged....
  • Modern Blackfoot people descend from an ancient ice age lineage

    04/07/2024 6:33:50 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 38 replies
    Science ^ | April 3, 2024 | Bridget Alex
    Nations of the Blackfoot Confederacy have long fought to maintain control over their land and water. Oral traditions and archaeological evidence indicate the Blackfoot Indigenous peoples and their ancestors have inhabited a broad swatch of North America more than 10,000 years.A study published today in Science Advances reinforces that connection. Genetic data confirm modern Blackfoot people are closely related to those who lived on the land hundreds of years ago. The findings also suggest Blackfoot people descend from a previously unknown genetic lineage extending back roughly 18,000 years ago, when people first populated the Americas—evidence that could bolster their claims...
  • Prehistoric human remains found in East Yorkshire

    04/01/2024 6:25:00 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    BBC News ^ | March 26, 2024 | Eleanor Maslin
    A burial monument with human remains thought to be about 4,500 years old has been discovered in East Yorkshire.Parts of a Roman road and a burnt mound were also discovered during a £5m project to build a 5.2km (3.2 miles) sewer near Full Sutton.Ecus Archaelogy, working on the site for Yorkshire Water, said the three sites give a glimpse into the prehistoric and early historic past of the area.The analysis stage of the project is yet to start and the sewer is now being laid.The small circular burial monument was discovered in the vicinity of Full Sutton with the human...
  • Ancient Chinese Cemetery Is Unearthed in Hubei Province

    03/22/2024 3:48:33 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 9 replies
    ARTnews ^ | March 22, 2024 | Francesca Aton
    An ancient cemetery packed with more than 100 tombs and cultural artifacts has been found by archaeologists in China’s Hubei province. Last summer, the Baizhuang Cemetery in the city of Xiangyang was discovered by the Xiangyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology during excavations for an infrastructure project, Newsweek reported. There, after cleaning, they found 176 tombs. Two dated to the Han dynasty period (206 BCE to 220 CE), while the rest are pit tombs from the Warring States period (5th century BCE to 221 BCE). Related Articles The cluster of petroglyphs and dinosaur tracks in the Serrote do...
  • 16th-Century ‘Vampire’ Buried With Brick in Her Mouth — to Stop Blood-Sucker From Eating the Dead

    03/22/2024 4:55:42 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 26 replies
    New York Post ^ | March 22, 2024 | Alex Mitchell
    Scientists have recreated the face of a 16th-century woman with a brick jammed into her mouth, an object apparently wedged there to stop her from eating the dead — as Italian locals believed she was a vampire. The spooky story begins at a mass grave discovered on the Venetian island of Lazzaretto Nuovo, a location used as a bubonic plague quarantine in the late 1500s and 1600s. In 2006, archeological studies found some bodies that were buried centuries ago. “When they supposedly identified a vampire, one of those responsible for the plague according to popular myth at the time, they...
  • Discovery of 12,000-year-old preserved human brains could change what we know about the organ

    03/21/2024 4:34:00 PM PDT · by week 71 · 20 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 3/21/24 | Peter Hess
    Experts have long thought that the human brain is one of the first organs to rot and decompose after we die, but new research suggests that is not the case. And in fact, it turns out that brains preserve quite well, according to a team of scientists at Oxford University - though they don't know how nearly a third of the brains lasted as long as they have. Until now, any time archaeologists found an old, well-preserved brain, it was regarded as something of an oddity - or at least the product of intentional preservation efforts by ancient people.