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The Latest Incredible Discoveries At The Pompeiian Village Of Afragola Change Everything [8:03]
YouTube ^ | February 13, 2024 | Discovery Future

Posted on 02/29/2024 10:55:03 PM PST by SunkenCiv

Most of us are familiar with the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79, which destroyed the Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis, and Stabiae. But did you know that this was not the first time that Vesuvius unleashed its fury on the surrounding lands? Centuries before, around 2000 BC, another massive eruption buried a Bronze Age village in Italy, preserving it in volcanic ash and mud. This village is known as Afragola.

In this video, we will show you how archaeologists and scientists uncovered the secrets of this fascinating site.

You will discover how ancient plants helped reveal the season of the eruption, the diet and economy of the people who lived there, and the impact of the volcano on the climate and vegetation. You will also see the amazing preservation of the buildings, ovens, pottery, and other artifacts that tell the story of Afragola.
The Latest Incredible Discoveries At The Pompeiian Village Of Afragola Change Everything | 8:03
Discovery Future | 9.16K subscribers | 29,476 views | February 13, 2024
The Latest Incredible Discoveries At The Pompeiian Village Of Afragola Change Everything | 8:03 | Discovery Future | 9.16K subscribers | 29,476 views | February 13, 2024

(Excerpt) Read more at ...

TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: afragola; bronzeage; godsgravesglyphs; herculaneum; nola; oplontis; pompeii; stabiae; vesuvius; volcano
0:00·most of us are familiar with the
0:01·eruption of Mount Vesuvius in ad79 which
0:04·buried the Roman cities of Pompei
0:06·herculanum and others under a thick
0:08·layer of Ash and pmus but did you know
0:11·that this was not the first time that
0:12·Vesuvius unleashed its fury on the
0:15·settlements long before Pompei a
0:18·volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius
0:20·buried arriola a Bronze Age Village in
0:22·Italy in the same way it did to Pompei
0:25·afragola was a thriving village located
0:27·on the campanion plane about 10 mi from
0:29·the volcano it was part of a complex
0:32·network of settlements that flourished
0:34·during the early Bronze Age around 4,000
0:36·years ago the villagers lived in
0:38·horseshoe shaped buildings made of wood
0:40·and clay and practiced agriculture
0:42·animal husbandry and pottery making they
0:45·also traded with other communities along
0:47·the coast and Inland but the peaceful
0:49·life came to an abrupt end when Vesuvius
0:51·erupted around 1995 BC in what is known
0:54·as the avalino eruption this eruption
0:57·was one of the largest and most
0:58·catastrophic events of the vvus with an
1:00·estimated volcanic explosivity index or
1:03·VII of six this is equal to or
1:06·potentially more devastating than the
1:08·well-known eruption of 79 ad which also
1:10·had a VII of around six the volcanic
1:13·explosivity index is a scale that
1:15·describes the size of explosive volcanic
1:17·eruptions based on magnitude and
1:19·intensity and ranges from 0 to 8 is a
1:22·scale the avalino eruption lasted for at
1:25·least 3 hours and produced two massive
1:27·plumes of Ash and gas that reached up to
1:29·31 km or 102,000 ft High the eruption
1:33·also ejected huge amounts of pomus a
1:36·light and porous volcanic rock that
1:37·covered the region in a thick layer the
1:40·pomus deposits known as the avalino
1:42·pomus or pomi avalino in Italian are
1:45·still visible today in some areas
1:47·especially in the town of avalino which
1:48·gave them their name the first phase of
1:51·the eruption sent Dey mainly to the
1:52·Northeast giving the Villages of
1:54·afragola some time to escape there are
1:57·no human remains found at the site but
1:59·there are footprint of adults and
2:00·children fleeing the area the second
2:03·phase of the eruption brought Ash and
2:04·water which covered the village in a
2:06·thick layer of mud and Volcanic material
2:09·this preserved the site in remarkable
2:11·detail as the Ashen mud replaced the
2:13·molecules of plant and animal remains
2:15·creating perfect casts that lasted for
2:17·Millennia the site of afragola was
2:20·discovered in 2004 during the
2:21·construction of a high-speed train near
2:24·Naples since then archaeologists have
2:26·excavated an area of 5,000 square m or
2:29·4,000 square ft making it one of the
2:32·most extensively investigated sites of
2:34·the early Bronze Age in Italy recently
2:37·they have uncovered the remains of
2:38·buildings ovens Pottery tools and
2:41·ornaments as well as a large Warehouse
2:42·where the villagers stored their crops
2:44·and fruits the horseshoe-shaped
2:46·buildings were typical of the early
2:48·Bronze Age architecture in southern
2:50·Italy they had a circular or oval plan
2:52·with a central half and a single
2:54·entrance the walls were made of wooden
2:57·poles and wle and orb and the roofs were
3:00·the buildings were arranged in clusters
3:02·separated by open spaces and paths some
3:05·of the buildings were used for domestic
3:07·purposes While others were workshops or
3:09·storage facilities the ovens were used
3:12·for baking bread and other Foods as well
3:13·as for firing Pottery they were made of
3:16·clay and stone and had a dome-shaped
3:18·structure with a hole on the top and a
3:19·vent on the side the pottery found at
3:22·the site was mostly coarse and plain but
3:24·some pieces had decorations of geometric
3:26·patterns or animal motifs the pottery
3:29·was used for cooking serving and storing
3:31·food and liquids as well as for ritual
3:34·purposes the plant remains also shed
3:36·light on the environment and also the
3:38·climate of the campanion plane where
3:39·afragola was situated in the Bronze Age
3:42·the plane was a fertile and diverse
3:44·landscape with forests fields and
3:47·wetlands the climate was warmer and
3:49·wetter than today allowing the growth of
3:51·plants that are now extinct or rare in
3:53·the region the eruption of Vesuvius
3:55·however changed the climate for many
3:57·years afterward Cooling and drying the
3:59·the atmosphere and altering the
4:00·vegetation and Wildlife the study of the
4:03·plant remains also reveals the season of
4:05·the eruption by analyzing the ripeness
4:08·of the fruits researchers have concluded
4:10·that afragola was buried and abandoned
4:12·on a fateful fall day which was around
4:14·late September or early October but
4:17·afragola was not the only victim of vvus
4:20·the volcano has erupted more than 50
4:22·times since the Bronze Age with varying
4:24·degrees of intensity and impact some of
4:26·the most notable eruptions include the
4:28·eruption of 200 3 ad which was witnessed
4:31·by the Roman historian casassus Dio he
4:34·described the eruption as a great fire
4:36·that filled the sky and a rain of Ashes
4:38·that covered the land he also reported
4:41·that many people died from the
4:42·suffocating fumes in the Falling Rocks
4:45·the eruption of 472 ad was also one of
4:48·the largest and most explosive eruptions
4:51·Vesuvius it ejected about 4 cubic kilm
4:54·or 1 cubic mile of Ash and pmus in about
4:56·19 hours forming a plume that reached up
4:58·to 40 km or 25 M High the ash fall was
5:02·so widespread that it was reported as
5:04·far away as Constantinople which was
5:06·situated around
5:07·1,220 km or 760 Mi away the eruption
5:12·also caused earthquakes landslides and
5:14·tsunamis and plunged the region Into
5:16·Darkness for several days another famous
5:19·eruption happened in 1631 ad which was
5:22·the first major eruption after a long
5:24·period of dorcy it killed about 4,000
5:27·people and destroyed several towns and
5:29·Villages around the volcano the eruption
5:32·was accompanied by violent thunderstorms
5:34·lightning and hail and produced lava
5:36·flows pirate clastic flows and mud flows
5:39·the eruption also affected the climate
5:41·of Europe causing cold and wet weather
5:43·for several years the eruption of 1944
5:47·ad was the last eruption of vvus to date
5:50·it occurred during World War II and
5:52·damaged or destroyed several military
5:54·and civilian buildings including a US
5:56·Army Air Force Base the te and hot ash
5:59·from multiple days of the eruption
6:01·damaged the fabric control surfaces the
6:03·engines the plexiglass wind screens and
6:06·the gun turrets of the 340th sb25
6:09·Mitchell medium bombers estimates ranged
6:12·from 78 to 88 aircraft destroyed while
6:15·Vesuvius claimed no military fatalities
6:17·during the 1944 eruption 26 Italian
6:20·civilians were killed and nearly 12,000
6:23·were displaced most died near Salerno
6:26·where heavy Ash Fall collapsed roofs
6:28·since then no activity has been observed
6:30·from Vesuvius except for several flank
6:32·collapses inside the Caldera that have
6:34·raised false alarms of an impending
6:36·eruption Vesuvius is still an active and
6:39·dangerous volcano with a population of
6:41·about 3 million people living in its
6:43·vicinity it is monitored by The vus
6:45·Observatory which was established in
6:47·1841 as the first volcanological
6:50·observatory in the world the observatory
6:52·uses various instruments and methods to
6:54·detect signs of volcanic activity such
6:56·as seismicity deformation gas emiss ions
6:59·and temperature changes the observatory
7:02·also provides information and education
7:04·to the public and the authorities and
7:06·prepares contingency plans and
7:07·evacuation routes in case of an
7:10·emergency Vesuvius is a fascinating and
7:12·formidable natural phenomenon that has
7:14·shaped the history and culture of the
7:16·region for thousands of years the
7:18·village of afragola also offers a unique
7:20·window into the past offering us a
7:22·glimpse of the life and culture of the
7:24·people who lived there and the natural
7:25·habitat that surrounded them as we learn
7:28·more about the history and AR Theology
7:29·of afragola we can better appreciate the
7:32·legacy of this ancient Village that was
7:33·buried long before Pompei but preserved
7:35·for posterity by the same volcano that
7:37·destroyed it so what do you think about
7:40·the story of afragola and
7:42·Vesuvius do you think Vesuvius will
7:44·erupt again in the future if so will it
7:47·be as destructive as the previous
7:48·eruptions or even worse how would you
7:51·prepare for such a scenario let us know
7:54·your thoughts and opinions in the
7:55·comments below and don't forget to like
7:58·share and subscribe for more videos like
8:00·this thank you for watching and see you
8:02·next time

1 posted on 02/29/2024 10:55:03 PM PST by SunkenCiv
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 1ofmanyfree; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; 31R1O; ...

2 posted on 02/29/2024 10:55:50 PM PST by SunkenCiv (Putin should skip ahead to where he kills himself in the bunker.)
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To: laplata


3 posted on 02/29/2024 10:58:21 PM PST by laplata (They want each crisis to take the greatest toll possible.)
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To: SunkenCiv


4 posted on 02/29/2024 11:18:29 PM PST by GOP Poet (Super cool you can change your tag line EVERYTIME you post!! :D. (Small things make me happy))
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The few relevant selections from the NOLA keyword, sorted:

5 posted on 02/29/2024 11:21:22 PM PST by SunkenCiv (Putin should skip ahead to where he kills himself in the bunker.)
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To: SunkenCiv

I’ve been there. An absolutely amazing place you can’t forget.

6 posted on 02/29/2024 11:48:25 PM PST by carikadon (Don't mess with Texas)
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To: SunkenCiv

Amazing stuff.

7 posted on 03/01/2024 2:50:27 AM PST by Adder (End fascism...defeat all Democrats.)
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To: SunkenCiv

>>>>>...the climate was warmer and wetter than today...................

8 posted on 03/01/2024 5:36:19 AM PST by Red Badger (Homeless veterans camp in the streets while illegals are put up in 5 Star hotels....................)
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To: SunkenCiv

It reminds me of the Pompeii exhibit I saw at the Field Museum in Chicago. It was absolutely sobering.

9 posted on 03/01/2024 6:47:47 AM PST by telescope115 (I NEED MY SPACE!!! 🔭)
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To: SunkenCiv


10 posted on 03/01/2024 7:06:43 AM PST by BenLurkin (The above is not a statement of fact. It is either opinion, or satire, or both.)
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To: SunkenCiv

bump for later

11 posted on 03/01/2024 12:17:02 PM PST by Albion Wilde (Either ‘the Deep State destroys America, or we destroy the Deep State.’ --Donald Trump)
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To: telescope115

How are the cookies at the Field Museum? ;^) I love that place. I’ve only been there twice in my life, once was for that “other” King Tut exhibition around fifteen years ago.

12 posted on 03/01/2024 11:39:40 PM PST by SunkenCiv (Putin should skip ahead to where he kills himself in the bunker.)
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To: SunkenCiv

How are the cookies at the Field Museum?

I honestly don’t know, we never had any, lol. The last time we were there was for that second King Tut exhibit, as well. It was a little disappointing, compared to the exhibit in the ‘70s.
One item I remember was the iron dagger. I didn’t know then that it had been forged from a meteorite. That was pretty cool!

I will also never forget the Pompeii exhibit. That was actually a little unsettling, seeing those ash casts of what used to be human beings-people.

I’m afraid that these days I wouldn’t want to go near that part of Chicago.

13 posted on 03/02/2024 4:03:10 AM PST by telescope115 (I NEED MY SPACE!!! 🔭)
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To: telescope115

I’d go in a group, in broad daylight. That’s about it.

14 posted on 03/02/2024 8:45:33 AM PST by SunkenCiv (Putin should skip ahead to where he kills himself in the bunker.)
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