Free Republic 2nd Qtr 2022 Fundraising Target: $82,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $49,941
60%  
Woo hoo!! And we're now over 60%!! Thank you all very much!! God bless.

Keyword: andes

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • These Peruvian Pyramids Are Just As Old As Egypt's Pyramids

    05/25/2022 10:09:18 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 40 replies
    The Travel ^ | Aaron Spray
    Relatively speaking, the Incas are recent history. One unfortunate consequence of the fame of the Incas is that they tend to crowd out the long and rich history of the region with its many kingdoms and civilizations that went before. Some pre-Inca cultures were incorporated into the Inca Empire, while others were ancient history by the time the Incas appeared on the scene. The oldest city now known in the Americas is that of Caral. It flourished at around the same time as the Egyptian pyramids were being built. The ruins of 'Sacred City of Caral-Supe' or simply 'Caral,' is...
  • Magnitude 7.5 earthquake shakes Peru

    11/28/2021 7:16:39 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 2 replies
    CNN ^ | November 28, 2021 | Claudia Rebaza,
    A magnitude 7.5 earthquake struck Peru early Sunday morning, according to the United States Geological Study (USGS) and Peru's National Seismology Center. The earthquake's epicenter was reported in the Amazonas region but was also felt in the capital of Lima and other neighboring towns.
  • Archeologists find 800-year old mummy buried in underground tomb in Peru

    11/27/2021 12:20:57 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 22 replies
    A team of experts has found a mummy estimated to be at least 800 years old on Peru's central coast, one of the archaeologists who participated in the excavation said on Friday. The mummified remains were of a person from the culture that developed between the coast and mountains of the South American country. The mummy, whose gender was not identified, was discovered in the Lima region, said archaeologist Pieter Van Dalen Luna. "The main characteristic of the mummy is that the whole body was tied up by ropes and with the hands covering the face, which would be part...
  • Machu Picchu older than expected, study reveals

    08/15/2021 1:17:05 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Yale University ^ | August 4, 2021 | Mike Cummings
    Machu Picchu, the famous 15th-century Inca site in southern Peru, is up to several decades older than previously thought, according to a new study led by Yale archaeologist Richard Burger.Burger and researchers from several U.S. institutions used accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) — an advanced form of radiocarbon dating...Historical sources dating from the Spanish invasion of the Inca Empire indicate that Pachacuti seized power in A.D. 1438 and subsequently conquered the lower Urubamba Valley where Machu Picchu is located. Based on those records, scholars have estimated that the site was built after A.D. 1440, and perhaps as late as A.D. 1450,...
  • Knife-wielding spider god mural unearthed in Peru

    04/15/2021 5:32:21 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 21 replies
    Live Science ^ | 04/14/2021 | By Mindy Weisberger -
    An ancient ceremonial building that was built thousands of years ago in northwestern Peru's La Libertad region was decorated with a painting of a spider deity clutching a knife. Archaeologists discovered the mural in November 2020, after local farmers damaged the temple structure during the expansion of their sugar cane and avocado plantations. When scientists inspected the monument ("huaca" in the Indigenous Quechuan family of languages), they found a figure painted against a white background on the southern wall, in shades of ocher, yellow and gray.... The wall holding the spider god mural faces a river bisecting the Virú Valley,...
  • EAT CELEBRITY MEAT

    02/25/2021 5:05:32 PM PST · by dynachrome · 26 replies
    Bitelabs ^ | 2020 | Bitelabs
    BiteLabs grows meat from celebrity tissue samples and uses it to make artisanal salami. It all starts with your favorite celebrities, and a quick biopsy to obtain tissue samples. Culture Isolating muscle stem cells, we grow celebrity meat in our proprietary bioreactors. Meats In the tradition of Italian cured meats, we dry, age, and spice our product into fine charcuterie
  • Multi-disciplinary study provides evidence of forced migration by pre-colonial Incas

    07/16/2020 9:28:08 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies
    Phys.org ^ | July 14, 2020 | Bob Yirka
    Prior research has suggested that during the Late Horizon, a period of Inca history, the Inca rounded up people living outside of the Inca Empire and forced them to relocate to places inside the empire as a means of bolstering the population and thus the economy. Unfortunately, to date, evidence for such forced migrations has been scant. In this new effort, the researchers conducted a thorough investigation of the remains of six people buried in a cemetery in what was once a part of the Inca empire during the Late Horizon -- they suspected that all six were people who...
  • Ancient Andean Genes Reveal DNA Continuity Amid Cultural Clashes

    05/08/2020 8:47:59 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 7 replies
    Led by researchers at Harvard Medical School and the University of California, Santa Cruz, the team analyzed genome-wide data from 89 individuals who lived between 500 and 9,000 years ago. Of these, 64 genomes, ranging from 500 to 4,500 years old, were newly sequenced - more than doubling the number of ancient individuals with genome-wide data from South America. The analysis included representatives of iconic Andean civilizations from whom no genome-wide data had been reported before, including the Moche, Nasca, Wari, Tiwanaku and Inca. The central Andes, surrounding present-day Peru, is one of the few places in the world where...
  • Ancient teeth from Peru hint now-extinct monkeys crossed Atlantic from Africa

    04/11/2020 7:13:42 AM PDT · by zeestephen · 49 replies
    Science Daily ^ | 09 April 2020
    Four fossilized monkey teeth discovered deep in the Peruvian Amazon provide new evidence that more than one group of ancient primates journeyed across the Atlantic Ocean from Africa. The teeth are from a newly discovered species belonging to an extinct family of African primates known as parapithecids. Fossils discovered at the same site in Peru had earlier offered the first proof that South American monkeys evolved from African primates.
  • Amazon fires intensify Andes glacier melt

    11/29/2019 11:32:43 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 23 replies
    bbc ^ | 11/28/2019 | victoria gill
    The study focused on one specific glacier - Zongo Glacier in Bolivia. Dr de Magalhães Neto said: "Once deposited on the glacier, the [black carbon darkens] the snow/ice surface, which reduces its ability to reflect solar radiation - or sunlight." That darkened surface then absorbs more of the sun's energy, which amplifies melting. While the findings were significant, the researchers said they did not come as a huge surprise: the same process has been seen elsewhere in the world. "Greenland receives large amounts of black carbon from fossil-fuel origin due to North America and European industrialisation," said Dr de Magalhães...
  • Dawn Of American Religion Found (2,250 BC)

    04/14/2003 4:53:48 PM PDT · by blam · 19 replies · 991+ views
    The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 4-15-2003 | Roger Highfield
    Dawn of American religion found By Roger Highfield, Science Editor (Filed: 15/04/2003) The oldest image of a deity in the Americas has been discovered by archaeologists - pushing back the origin of religion there by 1,000 years. A 4,000-year-old gourd fragment bearing an image of the Staff God A 4,250-year-old gourd fragment found in a looted cemetery on the Peruvian coast, 120 miles north of Lima, bears an archaic image of the Staff God, which was the principal deity in the region for millennia. "Like the cross, the Staff God is a clearly recognisable religious icon," said Jonathan Haas, of...
  • The first global city: High in the Andes, Potosí supplied the world with silver [tr]

    08/01/2019 7:03:23 AM PDT · by C19fan · 7 replies
    Aeon ^ | July 30, 2019 | Adam W
    In 1678, a Chaldean priest from Baghdad reached the Imperial Villa of Potosí, the world’s richest silver-mining camp and at the time the world’s highest city at more than 4,000 metres (13,100 feet) above sea level. A regional capital in the heart of the Bolivian Andes, Potosí remains – more than three and a half centuries later – a mining city today. Its baroque church towers stand watch as ore trucks rumble into town, hauling zinc and lead ores for export to Asia. Elias al-Mûsili – or Don Elias of Mosul, as he was known – arrived in 17th-century Potosí...
  • Al-Aqsa Mosque Address: We Will Lay Siege To Rome, Turn White House Black,

    06/13/2019 7:11:11 PM PDT · by Impala64ssa · 49 replies
    Geller Report ^ | 6/13/19 | Pamela Geller
    Impose Jizya Tax On London, Pray On The Slopes of The Rockies And Andes Palestinian Sheikh Abu Hanifa Awda said in an address at the Al-Aqsa Mosque that was uploaded to the internet on June 2, 2019, that Jerusalem is the “heartland” where the banners of the Caliphate will flutter, where military convoys and brigades will assemble, and where policies will be designed in order to herald the “dawn of justice” and the birth of the Islamic Caliphate. Sheikh Awda said that the “army of Islam” will set forth from Jerusalem to conquer to world and that it will have...
  • Magnitude-8 earthquake strikes Amazon jungle in Peru

    05/26/2019 7:00:20 AM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 45 replies
    Los Angeles Times ^ | 05/25/2019
    A large earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 8.0 struck the Amazon jungle in north-central Peru early Sunday, the U.S. Geological survey reported, collapsing buildings and knocking out power to some areas. The quake struck at 12:41 a.m. PDT, 47 miles southeast of the village of Lagunas and 57 miles east of the larger town of Yurimaguas. The epicenter was 68 miles below the surface. In a tweet, President Martín Vizcarra called for calm and said that authorities were checking the affected areas. The mayor of Lagunas, Arri Pezo, told local radio station RPP that the quake was felt very...
  • Scientists Find 1,000-Year-Old Shaman’s Bag in Bolivia

    05/20/2019 5:07:13 AM PDT · by vannrox · 23 replies
    Sci-News ^ | 7MAY19 | Editorial staff
    An international team of anthropologists and bioarchaeologists has found the primary ingredients of ayahuasca — a plant-based drink that is reported to induce hallucinations and altered consciousness — in a 1,000-year-old leather bundle from a rock shelter in the Bolivian Andes.
  • Ayahuasca fixings found in 1,000-year-old bundle in the Andes

    05/06/2019 11:23:24 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | Monday, May 6, 2019 | University of California - Berkeley
    Today's hipster creatives and entrepreneurs are hardly the first generation to partake of ayahuasca, according to archaeologists who have discovered traces of the powerfully hallucinogenic potion in a 1,000-year-old leather bundle buried in a cave in the Bolivian Andes. Led by University of California, Berkeley, archaeologist Melanie Miller, a chemical analysis of a pouch made from three fox snouts sewn together tested positive for at least five plant-based psychoactive substances. They included dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and harmine, key active compounds in ayahuasca, a mind-blowing brew commonly associated with the Amazon jungle... Miller's analysis of a scraping from the fox-snout pouch and...
  • Massive 1994 Bolivian earthquake reveals mountains 660 kilometers below our feet

    02/18/2019 1:39:57 AM PST · by LibWhacker · 16 replies
    Princeton ^ | 2/14/19 | Liz Fuller-Wright
    Massive 1994 Bolivian earthquake reveals mountains 660 kilometers below our feet Liz Fuller-Wright, Office of Communications Feb. 14, 2019 2 p.m. Most schoolchildren learn that the Earth has three (or four) layers: a crust, mantle and core, which is sometimes subdivided into an inner and outer core. That’s not wrong, but it does leave out several other layers that scientists have identified within the Earth, including the transition zone within the mantle. Princeton seismologist Jessica Irving worked with then-graduate student Wenbo Wu and another collaborator to determine the roughness at the top and bottom of the transition zone, a layer within...
  • Earthquake struck Machu Picchu in 1450 study concludes

    12/25/2018 11:59:35 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Peruvian Times ^ | December 13, 2018 | Andean Air Mail and Peruvian Times
    Construction of Machu Picchu was interrupted around 1450 by a powerful earthquake, leaving damage still evident today and prompting the Inca to perfect the seismic-resistant megalithic architecture that is now so famous throughout Cusco, according to a major new scientific study revealed by Peru’s state-run news agency Andina... The Cusco-Pata Research Project determined that a temblor of at least magnitude 6.5 struck during the reign of the 9th Inca Pachacutec while he was building his now iconic summer estate atop the saddle-ridge between two craggy mountain peaks. As a result, the Inca moved away from using smaller stones, assembled in...
  • Potatoes Were Not Just A Symbol Of The Elite In Ancient Peru, Archaeologists Find

    11/07/2018 8:56:01 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Forbes ^ | November 2, 2018 | Kristina Killgrove
    We may think of potatoes as the most basic of foods, given their modern ubiquity and low cost, but in the Moche culture in ancient Peru, archaeologists had assumed they were highly charged symbols of the elite because they were found only in artifacts. New research, however, has shown that our understanding of New World potato consumption is biased by the fact the starchy vegetable is nearly always consumed in its entirety. In a forthcoming article in the Journal of Archaeological Science, researchers Guy Duke of the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley and Victor Vásquez-Sanchez and Teresa Rosales-Tham of...
  • Peruvian archeologists discover pre-Columbian statues

    10/27/2018 4:45:01 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    Vietnam News (go figure) ^ | Update: October, 23/2018 | AFP
    Archeologists in Peru have found 20 800-year-old wooden statues in the largest pre-Columbian site in the Americas, Culture Minister, Patricia Balbuena and researchers revealed on Monday. The statues, all but one of which were in a good condition, were found in the Chan Chan archeological site: a city that was once the capital of the Chimu Kingdom and pre-dated the Inca Empire. Located close to the north Peruvian modern city of Trujillo, Can Chan was comprised of 10 citadels, or walled palaces, in its six kilometer squared centre of a wider city that measured 20 square kilometres. Each statue measures...