Skip to comments.The Last Days of Canaanite Azekah
Posted on 02/27/2019 12:00:10 PM PST by SunkenCiv
More than 3,000 years have passed since this dramatized event, but for the archaeologists of the Lautenschläger Azekah Expedition, it looks as if it had happened only yester-day. Slowly and carefully -- it took four full seasons -- we uncovered a building filled with more than 200 complete ceramic vessels, 45 stone tools, exceptional metal objects, 108 beads, five scarabs, eight034 amulets, and the remains of four people. This collapsed building is located on the top of Tel Azekah.
The name of Azekah (or 'Azeqah) is known to most readers as the location of the famous battle between David and Goliath in the Elah Valley, "between Socoh and Azekah" (1 Samuel 17:1). Renewed excavations at the site, which began in 2012,1 exposed another dramatic episode in its history: At the very end of the Late Bronze Age, around 1130 B.C.E.,2 the entire site was destroyed -- an event so severe that it lay abandoned for the next 200 years!
...Because of its immense size, unfolding Azekah's story is not an easy task and is based on meticulous interdisciplinary work conducted by students and scholars working independently toward a single, detailed (but large) story... using various multi-disciplinary studies: architectural and ceramic analyses, residue analysis of pottery containers, FT-Infrared Spectroscopy of minerals, physical anthropology studies, and glyptic and figurative examinations...
Tel Azekah (Tell Zakariya, in Arabic) is situated in the heart of the Shephelah (literally, "the lowlands," the gradually sloping foothills between the Mediterranean Coastal Plain and the Judean Hills in south-central Israel) and watches over a strategically important junction in the Elah Valley.
(Excerpt) Read more at members.bib-arch.org ...
Crushed under destruction debris, this and the other three individuals must have witnessed the final moments of Canaanite Azekah at the end of the Bronze Age. Photo: Courtesy of the Lautenschläger Azekah Expedition.
The scarab in the pic above appears to be from the 2nd Intermediate Period.
Also note that I was able to load and save the article because I'm using older hardware and software than you are. IOW, don't troll me about how it's behind a paywall, that just means you like to waste your own time and are cheap.
This may wind up being one of *those* topics.
Whoops. The scarab in the pic *below* appears to be from the 2nd Intermediate Period..
Among the many Egyptian artifacts discovered at Tel Azekah is this dung beetle-shaped impression seal (scarab), depicting a gazelle with her suckling baby. Collectively, such objects attest to Egyptian activity in the region of Canaanite Azekah. Photo: Courtesy of the Lautenschläger Azekah Expedition
I like to waste my own time and are cheap!
But seriously for a sec...
A long time ago, you or someone very much like you, made a link available to a site that was about genesis and the history and geography covered in that book.
It was fascinating and I lost the link along with a fried computer drive.
Any chance on you still having it? or having a clue what I’m talking about?
Scarabs were generally either carved from stone or moulded from Egyptian faience. Once carved, they would typically be glazed blue or green and then fired. The most common stone used for scarabs was a form of steatite, a soft stone which becomes hard when fired (forming enstatite). Hardstone scarabs were also made and the stones most commonly used were green jasper, amethyst and carnelian.
While the majority of scarabs would originally have been green or blue the coloured glazes used have often either become discoloured or have been lost, leaving most steatite scarabs appearing white or brown. Scarabs were often of very light color.
The base was usually inscribed with designs or hieroglyphs to form an impression seal.
They’re digging up more proof of the Bible every year.
According to conventional chronologies, 1130 B.C. is in the middle of the Judges era, so the encounter between David & Goliath will have nothing to do with the site’s destruction. I suspect that when all the evidence is found, the battle will turn out to have taken place during the early years of the Divided Kingdom, a battle between Jeroboam and Rehoboam, perhaps.
I wholeheartedly agree. I've been trying to find a match to the scarab, so far bupkis.
"That book"... hmm, this isn't ringin' a bell... maybe you're referring to one of David Rohl's books? He's an Egyptologist, he got interested in chronology revision and was active in the SIS (England) and the (failed) Glasgow Chronology. He's sure he's found the site of the Garden of Eden, the Tower of Babel, etc.
The KJV refers to them under two different names, saying they came from Caphtor; however, as Velikovsky pointed out, if Caphtor doesn't refer to Cyprus, there is no name in the Bible for that nearby large island. The Biblical term Cherethites ('keret-tites') refers to Cretans. The Egyptians referred to Caphtor (Cyprus) as Keftiu (Kftyw).
The Philistines seem to have changed, culturally, linguisitically, and probably ethnically, over a period of centuries (who doesn't?), with olive oil presses and Greek pottery styles later on, at least one non-Semitic king name (all 7th c BC).(there's a later edition of the work, although I'm not sure it's still in print, the publisher was acquired)Giving Goliath His Due:The name Goliath, like Achish, is not Semitic, but rather Anatolian (McCarter 1980, 291, Mitchell 1967, 415; Wainwright 1959, 79). Not all agree though; the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (2:524) proposes that Goliath may have been a remnant of one of the aboriginal groups of giants of Palestine who now were in the employ of the Philistines. [1. Naveh (1985, 9, 13 n. 14) states that Ikausu, the name of the king of Ekron in the seventh century b.c., is a non-Semitic name that can be associated with that of the Achish of Gath in David's time. The name in the seventh century has a shin ending that is non-West Semitic.]
New Archaeological Light on the Philistines
by Neal Bierling
foreword by Paul L. Maier
Bad comms on my part. By “that book” I meant Genesis, first book of the Bible.
The website focused on the tribes and peoples of the period covered in Genesis and the geographic area involved.
Much larger and far reaching than I had thought when reading in sunday school as a kid.
:^) My pleasure.
Any specific recollection as to the website's content?
Maps of the tribes and peoples in Genesis and the lands covered. According to the website it was most of the mid east and north Africa, iirc.
Stuff like that.
Hmm, did you see it on FR? Time to get someone involved, because I've begun to think it was his Xenophile Historian site...
Yes, I wrote quite a bit about Genesis, too, now that you mention it. The link to the Genesis folder is http://xenohistorian.faithweb.com/genesis/ . For Chapters 1-6, I talked about why I don’t believe in evolution as it is taught. Then in Chapters 7-12 I gave my ideas on what really happened. However, I never wrote about Azekah.
Even if yours isn't the site Grimmy remembered, it's probably waaaay better than what he saw before. :^) I think links to the podcasts are also warranted. :^)
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