Skip to comments.DNA study sheds new light on the people of the Neolithic battle axe culture
Posted on 10/14/2019 8:16:09 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
In 1953, a significant burial site belonging to the Battle Axe Culture was found when constructing a roundabout in Linköping. 4,500 years ago, a man and a woman were buried together with a child, a dog and a rich set of grave goods including one of the eponymous battle axes. "Today, we call this site 'Bergsgraven'. I have been curious about this particular burial for a long time. The collaboration of archaeologists with geneticists allows us to understand more about these people as individuals as well as where their ancestors came from," says archaeogeneticist Helena Malmström of Uppsala University, lead author of the study.
The Scandinavian Battle Axe Culture appears in the archaeological record about 5,000 years ago and archaeologically it resembles the continental European Corded Ware Culture. "The appearance and development of the culture complex has been debated for a long time, especially whether it was a regional phenomenon or whether it was associated with migratory processes of human groups, and -- if the latter -- from where," says osteoarchaeologist Jan Storâ of Stockholm University, one of the senior authors of the study.
By sequencing the genomes of prehistoric individuals from present-day Sweden, Estonia and Poland, the research team showed that the Scandinavian Battle Axe Culture and continental Corded Ware Culture share a common genetic ancestry, which had not been present in Scandinavia or central Europe before 5,000 years ago. "This suggests that the introduction of this new cultural manifestation was associated with movements of people. These groups have a history which we ultimately can trace back to the Pontic Steppe north of the Black Sea," says population geneticist Torsten Günther of Uppsala University, co-lead author of the study.
(Excerpt) Read more at sciencedaily.com ...
The Battle Axe Culture on Bornholm
Bornholm was influenced by the cultural development that took place in southern Sweden; a development that in many ways can be compared to the changes occurring in Jutland and the east of Denmark around 2800 BC. The Single Grave Cultures neighbour to the east was called the Battle Axe Culture or the Boat Axe Culture, named after its boat-shaped battle axes made of stone. Substantial areas of land were also cultivated on Bornholm. Stone cists were used for burials.
The so-called boat-shaped battle axes are typical of the Battle Axe Culture of Bornholm. Pottery vessels and axes, chisels and arrows made of flint are also common as grave gifts on the island of Bornholm.
[National Museum of Denmark]
You win the internet.
SunkenCiv, you’ve done it again. Quite interesting. Thanks for the post.
The Plumb Company made roofing hatchets for Sears and Roebuck way back when. I own one. Ground it down and altered it to take off weight for wood shingles. Looks like a tomahawk.
Interesting how three separate population groups didnt inter-mix much. Perhaps they had opposing cultures also? My haplogroup r1a1 came out of Eastern Europe through the Baltics to settle southern Sweden and Norway. I know they were more recent and brought the Germanic culture with them.
What a postclimactolithic battle axe might look like.
They had a family dog.
I like these people.
Thanks for that link. That girl can sing.
It’s a French electro swing band. Watch some of the videos of their live performances. One of their percussionists is pretty good on the vibraphone.
I was hoping you would post this. I read it yesterday and realized something. Wouldn’t this make Thor Heyerdahl correct about his origin theory?
Something interesting about the lithics in that image, the two lighter shaped “axes” in the center are arch shaped and asymmetrical, the shadow shows this. I think they are actually spokeshaves for working wood just parked upside down. If they were arched the other way I would say wood gouges for hollowing out. Is so that would be cool technology for the time.
Nope, They are flat and could be used for either. So are two of the small ones at the bottom. Cool, stone wood gouge/shaves....
I thought at first they were kazoos
Lol, shaped right for sure. But they are definitely “hollow ground”.
That poor kid. He parents should be brought up on charges.
(Just my opinion)
I was hoping to sneak this topic through without one of her images. Shoulda known better. ;^)
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