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  • Archeologists Find World's Oldest Bread

    07/18/2018 6:36:50 AM PDT · by C19fan · 40 replies
    Popular Mechanics ^ | July 17, 2018 | Avery Thompson
    Bread is life, but according to new research, it might be even more than that. A group of archeologists in northeastern Jordan have found the oldest bread in the world, and their findings show that this bread predates the invention of agriculture by at least 4,000 years. According to this discovery, the hunt for better bread ingredients may have triggered the agricultural revolution, which would make bread largely responsible for all of civilization as we know it. Researchers from the University of Copenhagen, University College London and University of Cambridge were excavating an archeological site in Jordan when they discovered...
  • Remains Found Near Yekaterinburg Belong to Nicholas II, Family - Russian Investigative Committee

    07/17/2018 3:59:18 AM PDT · by marshmallow · 34 replies
    Interfax ^ | 7/16/18
    Moscow, July 16, Interfax - A new comprehensive evaluation has confirmed that the remains thought to be those of Nicholas II and his family, who were shot and killed in Yekaterinburg 100 years ago, are indeed their remains, Russian Investigative Committee official Svetlana Petrenko said. "Comprehensive commission molecular and genetic tests have now confirmed that the remains belong to former Emperor Nicholas II, his family members and people close to them," Petrenko told Interfax on Monday. The molecular and genetic tests have shown that seven of the 11 found remains are remains of members of one family, mother father, four...
  • Scientists Have Discovered The Earliest Evidence of Bread, And It's Much Older Than We Expected

    07/16/2018 9:01:11 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 34 replies
    The people who built the ancient structure, members of what's called the Natufian culture, struggled in a "hostile environment to gain more energy from their food," said Ehud Weiss, an archaeobotanist at Bar-Ilan University in Israel who was not involved with the study. Archaeologists found the bread remains in sediment samples at a site named Shubayqa 1 in Jordan. The structure was oval with a fireplace in the center, and its builders carefully laid stones into the ground. Arranz Otaegui said she did not know whether the building was a dwelling or had other, perhaps ceremonial, purposes. Sifting through the...
  • Typhoid May Have Caused Fall Of Athens, Study Finds

    03/27/2006 3:41:19 PM PST · by blam · 29 replies · 1,872+ views
    National Geographic ^ | 2-27-2006 | Nicholas Bakalar
    Typhoid May Have Caused Fall of Athens, Study Finds Nicholas Bakalar for National Geographic News February 27, 2006 An ancient medical mystery—the cause of a plague that wracked Athens from 426 to 430 B.C. and eventually led to the city's fall—has been solved by DNA analysis, researchers say. The ancient Athenians died from typhoid fever, according to a new study. Scientists from the University of Athens drew this conclusion after studying dental pulp extracted from the teeth of three people found in a mass grave in Athens' Kerameikos cemetery. The mass grave was first discovered in 1994 and was dated...
  • Secret Of Ancient Athens Plague Is Being Unraveled

    01/21/2006 10:26:35 AM PST · by blam · 29 replies · 1,149+ views
    Kathimerini ^ | 1-21-2006
    Secret of ancient Athens plague is being unraveled Kerameikos, Athens’s ancient cemetery, has yielded conclusive evidence as to the nature of the plague that decimated a third of the population of the ancient city and influenced the outcome of the Peloponnesian Wars. Scientists at Athens University’s School of Dentistry have used molecular biology to help solve the riddle of one of history’s biggest mysteries.Greek scientists find typhoid after excavating graves By Dr Manolis Papagrigorakis (1) Recent findings from a mass grave in the Ancient Cemetery of Kerameikos in central Athens show typhoid fever may have caused the plague of Athens,...
  • Malaria and the Fall of Rome

    07/15/2018 4:42:31 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 48 replies
    BBC ^ | February 17, 2011 | Andrew Thompson
    Could an ancient children's burial ground contain clues about how one of the world's greatest empires came to an end? Andrew Thompson explores the theory that malaria was the silent killer responsible for the fall of Rome. Today in the west, most people have forgotten how deadly malaria used to be, although there were serious malarial epidemics in many parts of Italy as recently as the 1950s. But each year, mainly in Africa, it still kills over two million people, most of them children. While there are several mentions of a disease sounding very similar to malaria in historical documents...
  • Romans had whaling industry, archaeological excavation suggests

    07/15/2018 2:09:10 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Guardian UK ^ | Wednesday, July 11, 2018 | Nicola Davis
    Ancient bones found around the Strait of Gibraltar... dating to the first few centuries AD or earlier, belong to grey whales and North Atlantic right whales -- coastal migratory species that are no longer found in European waters. Researchers... add that Romans would not have had the technology to hunt whale species found in the region today -- sperm or fin whales which live further out at sea -- meaning evidence of whaling might not have been something archaeologists and historians were looking out for... The right whale was once widespread in the North Atlantic, with breeding grounds off the...
  • First dogs in the Americas arrived from Siberia, disappeared after European contact

    07/15/2018 12:57:51 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 56 replies
    ScienceDaily ^ | July 5, 2018 | University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    By comparing genomic signatures from 71 mitochondrial and seven nuclear genomes of ancient North American and Siberian dogs spanning a period of 9,000 years, the research team was able to gain a clearer picture of the history of the first canine inhabitants of the Americas. The oldest dog remains in the Americas date to about 9,000 years ago... These dogs persisted for thousands of years in the Americas, but almost completely vanished after European contact, the researchers found... The team also discovered that the genomic signature of a transmissible cancer that afflicts dogs appears to be one of the last...
  • Researchers reconstruct the genome of the ‘first animal’

    07/14/2018 8:14:11 AM PDT · by Moonman62 · 54 replies
    IMPC ^ | 7/9/2018 | Jordi Paps
    Humans and mice share approximately 98% of genes, and have similar physiology and anatomy. This is because we share a relatively recent common ancestor, around 80 million-years-ago. In contrast, the ancestor of all animals lived over 500 million-years-ago. As genomic data becomes available for more animal species a detailed family tree can be created, allowing novel insight into the genomes of long extinct species. In the guest post below Jordi Paps summarises recent research that attempts to reconstruct the genome of the ‘first animal’ by using the genomic data available on living animals. The first animals emerged on Earth at...
  • Ancient 'Iceman' shows signs of a well-balanced last meal

    07/12/2018 5:57:30 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 26 replies
    apey-news ^ | Thursday, July 12, 2018 | Emiliano Rodriguez Mega
    Talk about a paleo diet. Scientists have uncovered the last meal of a frozen hunter who died 5,300 years ago in the Alps. The stomach contents of the corpse, widely known as Oetzi the Iceman, offer a snapshot of what ancient Europeans ate more than five millennia ago, researchers said. On the menu, described Thursday in the journal Current Biology, were the fat and meat of a wild goat, meat of a red deer and whole wheat seeds, which Oetzi ate shortly before his death. Traces of fern leaves and spores were also discovered in Oetzi's stomach. Scientists think he...
  • HHS Secretary: No Confusion at Border: DNA Tests Under Way to Match Kids With Parents

    07/05/2018 10:56:48 AM PDT · by xzins · 79 replies
    CNS ^ | July 5, 2018 | Susan Jones
    Contrary to reports of mass confusion at the Southwest Border, where the Department of Health and Human Services is under a court order to reunite children with the parents who brought them here illegally, "there is no confusion whatsoever," HHS Secretary Alex Azar told Fox News Thursday morning. Azar said his department is working against a court-imposed deadline to reunite the 11,800 children with the people who are claiming to be their parents. The process includes DNA testing. "Every child is accounted for," Azar said. "We know every child, where they are. We know the record -- the last time...
  • Why tiny Neanderthal brains are now growing in petri dishes

    06/27/2018 1:36:25 PM PDT · by Oldeconomybuyer · 42 replies
    NBC ^ | June 27, 2018 | by Laura Geggel
    Scientists hope the pea-sized blobs can help explain the rise of modern humans. Neanderthals went extinct about 40,000 years ago, but thanks to cutting-edge science, there is now a lab in California that has petri dishes filled with pea-sized versions of the cavemen's brains. Why are researchers cultivating and studying these minibrains? The reason, they say, is that these small neural lumps may reveal why Neanderthals died out and Homo sapiens went on to conquer much of the planet. "Neanderthals are fascinating because they shared Earth with us, and there is now genetic evidence we actually bred with them," study...
  • Y chromosome study sheds light on Athapaskan migration to southwest US

    07/16/2008 7:53:54 AM PDT · by martin_fierro · 15 replies · 216+ views
    Y chromosome study sheds light on Athapaskan migration to southwest US A large-scale genetic study of native North Americans offers new insights into the migration of a small group of Athapaskan natives from their subarctic home in northwest North America to the southwestern United States. The migration, which left no known archaeological trace, is believed to have occurred about 500 years ago. The study, led by researchers at the University of Illinois, is detailed this month in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. It relied on a genetic analysis of the Y chromosome and so offers a window on the...
  • New Technique Provides Accurate Dating of Ancient Skeletons

    06/21/2018 4:09:31 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    Eurekalert ^ | June 17, 2018 | European Society of Human Genetics
    Interest in the origins of human populations and their migration routes has increased greatly in recent years. A critical aspect of tracing migration events is dating them. However, the radiocarbon techniques*, that are commonly used to date and analyse DNA from ancient skeletons can be inaccurate and not always possible to apply. Inspired by the Geographic Population Structure model that can track mutations in DNA that are associated with geography, researchers have developed a new analytic method, the Time Population Structure (TPS), that uses mutations to predict time in order to date the ancient DNA. Dr Umberto Esposito... TPS can...
  • Fried food heart risk 'a myth'

    01/25/2012 2:54:55 PM PST · by PJ-Comix · 80 replies
    The Telegraph ^ | January 25, 2012 | Stephen Adams
    They say there is mounting research that it is the type of oil used, and whether or not it has been used before, that really matters. The latest study, published in the British Medical Journal, found no association between the frequency of fried food consumption in Spain - where olive and sunflower oils are mostly used - and the incidence of serious heart disease.
  • Fried food heart risk 'a myth'

    01/25/2012 5:06:01 PM PST · by the scotsman · 19 replies
    Daily Telegraph ^ | 25th January 2012 | Stephen Adams
    'It is a "myth" that regularly eating fried foods causes heart attacks, researchers have found, as long as you use olive oil or sunflower oil. They say there is mounting research that it is the type of oil used, and whether or not it has been used before, that really matters. The latest study, published in the British Medical Journal, found no association between the frequency of fried food consumption in Spain - where olive and sunflower oils are mostly used - and the incidence of serious heart disease. However, the British Heart Foundation warned Britons not to "reach for...
  • Scientists Discover Why Olive Oil Lowers Blood Pressure

    05/23/2014 11:45:25 AM PDT · by nickcarraway · 27 replies
    The secret to the Mediterranean diet may be in the salad. Eating unsaturated fats, like those in olive oil, along with leafy greens and other vegetables creates a certain kind of fatty acid that lowers blood pressure, scientists said Monday. These nitro fatty acids are formed when consuming spinach, celery and carrots that are filled with nitrates and nitrites, along with avocado, nuts and olive oils that contain healthy fats. Nitro fatty acids appear to inhibit an enzyme known as soluble epoxide hydrolase, which regulates blood pressure, said the research in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a...
  • Corn, sunflower, safflower oil health benefits challenged

    11/11/2013 6:15:51 PM PST · by Alaska Wolf · 29 replies
    CBC NEWS ^ | Nov 11, 2013 | The Canadian Press
    Omega-6-rich oils don't have same benefits as canola, soybean and olive oils, studies show The Canadian Press Posted: Nov 11, 2013 1:46 PM ET Last Updated: Nov 11, 2013 2:10 PM ET In 2012, Health Canada agreed to let manufacturers of cooking oils containing either omega-6 or omega-3 fatty acids claim on their product labels that these oils help reduce the risk of heart disease by lowering cholesterol. (iStock) A pair of Canadian scientists are challenging the fact that manufacturers of some cooking oils are entitled to make health claims about the products. They argue that new evidence suggests oils...
  • An ingredient in olive oil that appears to kill cancer cells

    02/21/2015 11:40:43 AM PST · by Tired of Taxes · 76 replies
    Kurzweil ^ | 2-20-15 | Unknown
    A Rutgers nutritional scientist and two cancer biologists at New York City’s Hunter College have found that an ingredient in extra-virgin olive oil kills a variety of human cancer cells without harming healthy cells. The ingredient is oleocanthal, a compound that ruptures a part of the cancerous cell, releasing enzymes that cause cell death. Paul Breslin, professor of nutritional sciences in the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, and David Foster and Onica LeGendre of Hunter College, report that oleocanthal kills cancerous cells in the laboratory by rupturing vesicles that store the cell’s waste. The findings are published in Molecular...
  • Fish, Seafood Better Than Olive Oil, Nuts Against Heart Disease

    05/07/2007 4:30:52 PM PDT · by blam · 17 replies · 349+ views
    Science Daily ^ | 5-7-2007 | American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
    Source: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Date: May 7, 2007 Fish, Seafood Better Than Olive Oil, Nuts Against Heart Disease Science Daily — Researchers have found that a diet rich in fish, seafood, and grains -- also called polyunsaturated fats -- is better at preventing heart disease than a diet containing olive oil, nuts, and avocados -- called monounsaturated fats. Although both types of fats are healthy, people should probably include more of the first than the second in their diet to keep a healthy heart, the scientists say. Too much cholesterol has long been linked to increasing...