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Small Comets and Our Origins
University of Iowa ^ | circa 1999 | Louis A. Frank

Posted on 10/19/2004 11:13:25 PM PDT by SunkenCiv

Given the reality of the dark spots, which soon became known as "atmospheric holes" because of their appearance in the images, there is only one explanation which has endured over all these years to present. That is, the holes are due to the shadowing of the atmospheric light by an object above the atmosphere. This object simply cannot be a stony or iron meteor because the holes are very large, tens of miles in diameter. A rock of this size would provide a disastrous impact on the Earth's surface. As it turns out, water vapor is very good at absorbing the atmospheric light and thus appearing as a atmospheric hole in the images taken by the spacecraft camera. The only other step in the interpretation is to note that a cloud of water vapor will have only a brief existence in interplanetary space so that it must be delivered to Earth as a small comet filled with water snow which is disrupted and expands as it impacts into our atmosphere.

(Excerpt) Read more at smallcomets.physics.uiowa.edu ...


TOPICS: Books/Literature; Reference; Religion; Science; Weird Stuff
KEYWORDS: archaeology; bigsplash; catastrophism; comet; comets; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; history; louisfrank; panspermia; water
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1 posted on 10/19/2004 11:13:25 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
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To: blam; FairOpinion; Ernest_at_the_Beach; SunkenCiv; 24Karet; 2Jedismom; 4ConservativeJustices; ...

Welcome to yet another GGG ping.


2 posted on 10/19/2004 11:14:06 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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additional Louis A. Frank links:
http://www-pi.physics.uiowa.edu/~frank/
http://www-pi.physics.uiowa.edu/~frank/LAF_publications.html
http://www.physics.uiowa.edu/faculty/LFrank.html


3 posted on 10/19/2004 11:15:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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The Original Discovery
by Louis A. Frank
with Patrick Huyghe
Sigwarth and I analyzed over 10,000 images and learned a good deal about the black spots in the process. Our interpretation of the events continued to involve meteor impacts into Earth's upper atmosphere.By counting the spots in our images we were able to estimate the rate at which these objects appeared. This was the simplest measurement to do. We saw ten holes per minute on the daylight side of Earth. So we doubled that figure to obtain the rate of these objects over the entire face of Earth. There had to be about twenty such objects entering the atmosphere every minute. That was an alarming number of objects.

4 posted on 10/19/2004 11:16:30 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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Out There
by Louis A. Frank
and Patrick Huyghe
I spent more than a year answering the objections of critics. But I didn't convince them. It was 10,000 to 1 -- actually 2, myself and John Sigwarth, whose task as my graduate student assistant had been to help me resolve this black-spot mystery. "We have taken a representative poll of current opinion in this field," an editor at Nature wrote in rejecting a small-comet paper we submitted to them in 1988, "and the verdict goes against you." It was my first encounter with taking polls as a way of doing science.

Now, a decade later, many of those who had "voted" against us are changing their minds. In May at a meeting of the American Geophysical Union, we presented images acquired by our ultraviolet camera aboard NASA's Polar spacecraft, a satellite sent up to study the Sun's effects on the Earth's environment. This camera, too, had picked up the black spots in the Earth's sunlit atmosphere. And this time there was no doubt; these black spots or atmospheric holes, as we called them, occurred in clusters of pixels or picture elements, not single pixels as in the Dynamics Explorer images. The phenomenon could not be due to instrumental artifacts. We could also see these black spots expanding and moving as they entered Earth's atmosphere. And the filters on our visible-light camera confirmed that these objects consisted of water -- enough water to produce clouds of water vapor 50 miles across, high in the atmosphere.

The new evidence stunned many of our former critics into admitting that we had been right. The University of Michigan's Thomas Donahue, one of the world's leading experts in atmospheric science, said so, as did Robert Meier, a space physicist from the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington. "I guess I'll just have to swallow crow," wrote one detractor. These former critics now agree that these objects are indeed water-bearing, but they don't want to call them small comets because they don't have the dust that the large, well-known comets do. That's okay. Call them "cometesimals" if you want -- that's the term Donahue prefers -- but the fact remains: They carry lots of water just like the large comets, and they are millions of times smaller than Hale-Bopp and Halley.

At first glance, this apparent resolution to the small-comet affair would seem worthy of applause -- the scientific process of debate, peer review and criticism would appear to have functioned admirably. But the gap between appearance and reality is a large one. After I presented my findings on the small comets in 1986, the scientific community did its best to extinguish my career. In the past decade, I have been unable to get any other projects off the ground. Before the small-comet findings became public, my success in this regard was envious; I was able to get instruments on board several major spacecraft -- Polar, Galileo and Geotail. But after my small-comet announcement, I got nothing. I had my ongoing projects, such as the one on Polar that eventually produced the confirmatory data. But the new projects I proposed went nowhere -- even those that had nothing to do with small comets.

5 posted on 10/19/2004 11:21:11 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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The Big Splash The Big Splash:
A Scientific Discovery That Revolutionizes the Way We View the Origin of Life,
the Water We Drink, the Death of the Dinosaurs, the Creation of the Oceans,
the Nature of the Cosmos, and the Very Future of the Earth Itself

by Louis A. Frank
with Patrick Huyghe


6 posted on 10/19/2004 11:21:59 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv

I read it fairly quickly, and didn't see addressed the
issue of orbital hazard.

Have they computed the risk level to orbiting craft?

If significant, could we have expected losses by now?

Have there been any that could be attributed to these
micro comets?


7 posted on 10/19/2004 11:31:06 PM PDT by Boundless (Was your voter registration sabotaged by ACORN? Don't find out Nov. 2. Vote early.)
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To: Boundless
The detonation of these glorified ice cubes takes place at a much lower altitude than satellites or the space shuttles, so odds are pretty low.
8 posted on 10/19/2004 11:36:07 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: Boundless
Oops. I was way off. Here's Frank's illustration:
Small Comets and Our Origins

9 posted on 10/19/2004 11:38:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv

Thanks for this and all your other threads, which I read but usually do not respond to.. love your tagline!


10 posted on 10/19/2004 11:40:41 PM PDT by DollyCali (Mr. "Consistent" strikes again (and again, and again))
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One of the interesting ramifications is that such icy bodies will presumably be smacking into other planets and moons, such as Earth's Moon, and Mars. Mars hasn't enough atmosphere to have liquid water, but there may be ice as a permafrost in the Martian soil.
George W. Bush will be reelected by a margin of at least ten per cent

11 posted on 10/19/2004 11:47:33 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: DollyCali
You're most welcome. This is it for the night though, way past my bedtime. :')
George W. Bush will be reelected by a margin of at least ten per cent

12 posted on 10/19/2004 11:48:19 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv

> The detonation of these glorified ice cubes takes
> place at a much lower altitude than satellites ...

The detonation isn't the threat I had in mind;
just the impact.


13 posted on 10/19/2004 11:48:57 PM PDT by Boundless (Was your voter registration sabotaged by ACORN? Don't find out Nov. 2. Vote early.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Fascinating stuff!

This and global warming is gonna get the water level up, maybe I should think about a boat dock...


14 posted on 10/19/2004 11:49:04 PM PDT by Ernest_at_the_Beach (A Proud member of Free Republic ~~The New Face of the Fourth Estate since 1996.)
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water on Mars search (click the logo):
water on Mars search

15 posted on 10/19/2004 11:50:29 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: Boundless
It sounds like a lot, but there's a lot of area involved. Over a long period of time, odds are one of these comets (or chunks thereof) will hit something artificial, and the odds improve for larger objects (such as the ISS). :')
George W. Bush will be reelected by a margin of at least ten per cent

16 posted on 10/19/2004 11:52:22 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: Ernest_at_the_Beach

Check out part four of his lecture:

http://smallcomets.physics.uiowa.edu/lecture/lect4.html

"The origins of our oceans always have been a fascinating mystery. In his classic paper of 1951 William Rubey... was puzzled by the large amount of water which was unaccounted for. Even at the time of writing his seminal paper he queried astronomers as to whether it was possible that this water was being supplied by an infall of objects from interplanetary space. The responses of astronomers were negative... Large amounts of water are now believed to be lost as subduction of continental plates carries oceanic water under the surface... This water was thought to be recycled to the surface by outflow of gases from volcanic activity. This was a natural suggestion in consideration of the dramatic activity of volcanoes... In a recent classic paper of 1999 David Deming reports on the amount of water which is returned to the Earth's surface by volcanic activity and finds that: 'The losses of surface water due to subduction into the mantle are greater by factors of 7 to 20 than the supply given by volcanic activity. The rate of a cosmic influx of water to compensate for the water loss to the mantle is similar to that derived by Frank and Sigwarth [1993] from observations of small comets.' ...The significance of the small comets is obvious: our Earth would be dry and barren without an extraterrestrial influx of water."


17 posted on 10/19/2004 11:56:41 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv
...it must be delivered to Earth as a small comet filled with water snow which is disrupted and expands as it impacts into our atmosphere.

A giant snowball? Ever since seeing the Carolina Bays less than a year ago on this forum(first time I'd heard of 'em), they appear to have been made by the breakup of a......snowball. Has this been completely poopooed?

FGS

18 posted on 10/20/2004 12:14:23 AM PDT by ForGod'sSake (ABCNNBCBS: An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly.)
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To: ForGod'sSake
There was one who held that the Carolina Bays (which are generally held to be the result of the impact of a large number of broken pieces of a comet) were formed with the help of an incoming bolide of some sort, but not by impact, and no, I'm not makin' it up. :')
Simply put, I believe that these near flat, shallow, structures were formed by terminal flare induced steam explosions of wet exposed ground. The wet spots could have been beaver ponds, springs, marshes, wet weather ponds, slow flowing creeks, and so on. The principal requirement here is that the water on the ground be exposed sufficiently to the sky so as to receive enough radiant energy from the incoming bolide to produce a violent phase change or steam explosion. A geologist might think of these features as "top induced maars" as the structures of Carolina Bays have similarities to conventional maars, which are produced by Earth mantle heat induced steam explosions. *
I don't regard this as plausible. It's somewhat analogous to, "oh, the Chicxulub impact didn't kill off the dinosaurs, it's just a huge coincidence."
A Re-evaluation Of The Extraterrestrial Origin Of The Carolina Bays
by J. Ronald Eyton & Judith I. Parkhurst (April 1975)
Luis E. Ortiz & Susan Gross, editors
Abstract: Controversy as to the origin of the Carolina Bays has centered on terrestrial versus extraterrestrial theories. Meteoritic impact has been considered the primary causal mechanism in extraterrestrial models, but alternatives such as comets and asteroids have not been adequately considered. Comets may explode during fall and produce depressions which would conform to the morphology of the Bays. Only a comet appears to satisfy the constraints imposed both by extraterrestrial requirements and observed terrestrial characteristics.

19 posted on 10/20/2004 8:41:46 AM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: blam; FairOpinion; farmfriend; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach
Oddly enough, Thomas M. Donahue, mentioned in the message this one is in reply to, died this past Saturday, a few days before I posted this topic. Another in a recent string of odd co-winky-dinkies...
Thomas M. Donahue, pioneering planetary scientist, dies at 83
Detroit Free Press
October 19, 2004, 12:27 PM
Robert R. Meier appears to be alive and healthy.
George W. Bush will be reelected by a margin of at least ten per cent

20 posted on 10/20/2004 9:23:11 AM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv

Carolina Bays (500,000 of these along the east coast of the US)

21 posted on 10/20/2004 10:19:01 AM PDT by blam
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To: blam
I'm sure I've read somewhere that the Carolina Bays were the work of underground fungus. :')
George W. Bush will be reelected by a margin of at least ten per cent

22 posted on 10/20/2004 10:28:42 AM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv
A really long but interesting read. Only to arrive at: Only a comet appears to satisfy the constraints imposed both by extraterrestrial requirements and observed terrestrial characteristics. Which coincidentally appears (more or less)obvious to the "untrained" observer. Where's my grant money?!?!

I also went back and, ahem, took a look at the original posted item. Very cool! Water balloons in space? Next thing you know the planet will get "wrapped"! Anyway, the notion of megatons of water coming to earth from space really gave the pseudo-scientists a case of the vapors. Who then circled their wagons and fought off the heresy til they could no longer resist..........the obvious. At least when the evidence was originally presented('86?), it would seem to be self evident......again to the untrained observer.

The more of these "scientific" links I follow, the stronger my feeling that many/most(?) scientists are pretty much like yellow dog Dimocrats; Don't approach me with facts, my mind's made up! Something seems to have gone awry in the scientific community. But that's not really news since things seem to have gone awry most everywhere.

FGS

23 posted on 10/20/2004 1:36:29 PM PDT by ForGod'sSake (ABCNNBCBS: An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly.)
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To: SunkenCiv
My question is:

Is this activity specific to Earth's orbit?
Is orbital distance then a pre-requisite to habitibility?

Is this happening on Mars? Venus?
Do we see any evidence pro or con for the other planets?

Has anyone reviewed say, Cassini film/photo footage for evidence of such cometary activity?
Would there be similar photographic evidence to help confirm the theory?

It raises a hell of a lot more questions than it answers, IMHO...

24 posted on 10/20/2004 2:46:52 PM PDT by Drammach (Freedom; not just a job, it's an adventure..)
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To: ForGod'sSake

Yeah, 's goofy, eh? Last time I checked, Phil Plait of "Bad Astronomy" fame remained in the "not happenin'" camp. :')


25 posted on 10/20/2004 10:29:51 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: Drammach
Venus may be immune because the comets can't quite make the trip (more solar energy hitting 'em). I'd be inclined to think that it is happening on Mars at least. Mars' surface is cratered, but one half (the "Hemisphere of Craters") has many more, which suggested to at least one researcher (circa 1980s) that, when one subtracts the number found on the other half (the "Opposite Hemisphere" -- to clarify, these hemispheres are not related to the axis of rotation at all), the remaining number (the extra ones in the "Hemisphere of Craters") were formed from a single, very large, impact event, not dissimilar to the event that formed the Carolina Bays, but probably a bolide (a mass of mostly rock) rather than a comet. :') An object perhaps the size of Ceres (which was the first asteroid discovered, and still among the largest) is what that researcher hypothesized.
26 posted on 10/20/2004 10:38:47 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: ForGod'sSake

Yeah, here's the links for Phil "Bad Astronomy" Plait re Louis Frank:

http://www.badastronomy.com/bitesize/minicomet.html

http://www.badastronomy.com/phpBB/viewtopic.php?p=111647

"Louis Frank is as wrong as wrong can be. I have seen his claims, read papers, and years ago decided his claims are utterly incorrect." -- Phil Plait


27 posted on 10/20/2004 11:26:03 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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Donald Simanek's Page: Cutting Edge Science
by Donald Simanek
Snowball Comets. In 1986 physicist Louis Frank of the University of Iowa stirred controversy with evidence that the earth gets significant water from impact of icy comets vaporizing in our atmosphere. Now new and more direct evidence.

28 posted on 10/20/2004 11:35:04 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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Sandia scientist, colleague suggest
meteor plumes causing
transient dark spots in upper atmosphere

Sandia National Laboratories
February 10, 1998
Sandia physicist Mark Boslough and Randy Gladstone of the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, Tex., have published a study that provides a less provocative -- but still scientifically interesting -- explanation for the so-called atmospheric holes. They may be plumes, not holes, and meteoroids may be the source. Their computational simulations, which make use of Sandia's shock physics code CTH and Boslough's earlier work with Sandia colleague Dave Crawford in successfully predicting the visible plumes from Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9's impact into Jupiter in 1994, suggest that the entry of ordinary meteoroids can form dark spots very similar to those reportedly observed by the satellite instruments... [T]hey believe that atomic oxygen, which is the source of the dayglow, is momentarily displaced by the passage of meteoroids. Normal air from lower altitudes contains oxygen in its molecular form and is black in the wavelength that the satellite sees. They propose that when a stony object as small as 50 centimeters across collides with the atmosphere and plunges into the lower layers, it ejects a very thin plume of this "black" air to as high as 1,000 kilometers. It is these dark plumes, they suggest, that are being detected by the satellites. Their work is preliminary and they acknowledge that the hypothesis doesn't account for the observed high rate of dark hole formation. But they say if they can show their idea is correct for large meteoroids, they will look into the possibility that small ones have a similar effect.

George W. Bush will be reelected by a margin of at least ten per cent

29 posted on 10/20/2004 11:52:57 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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another GGG topic (from the Catastrophism subsection):

When the Days Were Shorter
Alaska Science Forum (Article #742) ^ | November 11, 1985 | Larry Gedney
Posted on 10/04/2004 10:31:59 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/1234919/posts


30 posted on 10/21/2004 10:05:40 AM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv
They may be plumes, not holes, and meteoroids may be the source.

If this theory is to be believed, wouldn't there necessarily have to be a fireball when something as hard as a meteoroid enters the atmosphere? Maybe I'm missing something obvious here.

FGS

31 posted on 10/21/2004 8:32:35 PM PDT by ForGod'sSake (ABCNNBCBS: An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly.)
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To: ForGod'sSake
Well, they would be small. To get a rock all the way through the atmosphere to the surface (depending in part, of course, on the initial velocity of the object) requires something on the order of a large motor vehicle in size. I've only seen one "shooting star" in daylight, it was a nice (but brief, no more than three seconds) show. If one lies out under the stars, on any night, not even during the various annual showers, one will catch (usually in the corner of the eye) a shooting star every minute or so. They are very brief in transit, and typically they are no more than a tiny pebble or even a grain of sand. :')
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on, off, or alter the "Gods, Graves, Glyphs" PING list --
Archaeology/Anthropology/Ancient Cultures/Artifacts/Antiquities, etc.
The GGG Digest
-- Gods, Graves, Glyphs (alpha order)

32 posted on 10/21/2004 10:34:35 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv
Well, they would be small.

I expect so. Do you know if the instruments on these observation platforms are able to detect heat and/or visible light(or are these really the same things???) To the layman, it seems there would be additional evidence when/if  hard objects are entering the atmosphere. But all I've been able to determine from these articles is that holes(shadows?) are frequently visible(on some wavelength) in the upper atmosphere. And these holes/shadows are NOT in the visible light range??? Is that about right?

FGS

33 posted on 10/21/2004 11:49:00 PM PDT by ForGod'sSake (ABCNNBCBS: An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly.)
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To: ForGod'sSake

I believe they would not be visible to the naked eye from the ground, but if they were, would appear to be a brighter spot. They show up dark in the part of the spectrum used by the satellites.


34 posted on 10/21/2004 11:52:35 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv
Well ok, the one thing that has me totally confused is if these holes/shadows are in fact "water balloons", their "mark", upon explosion, would be in the visible light range would they not? I mean, we're talking a hole/shadow created by water vapor, and it wouldn't require cameras fitted with spectral capabilities to see these shadows would it? UNLESS these holes/shadows are so faint so as to NOT be visible in, er, visible light? Near as I can tell, none of these observations were conducted in the visible light range.

One other thing that comes to mind. I'm sure you've seen the clips taken of thunderstorm activity on the dark side of the planet from orbiting spacecraft, I believe, that show what appear to be jets(poor choice of word, but the best that comes to mind) of material escaping FROM the earth. Now it occurs to me that these "jets" could maybe just as easily create a hole/shadow in the atmosphere??? As far as I know, these jets have not been adequately explained. Could they be related?

FGS

35 posted on 10/22/2004 9:48:32 AM PDT by ForGod'sSake (ABCNNBCBS: An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly.)
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To: ForGod'sSake

Not sure about those jets escaping from the Earth, can you point me in the right direction? :')

These comets go boom, spread out, and all that takes place at high altitudes. The most that could be visible from the ground (at night) might be some optical distortion, that would be my guess. In the daytime, any optical distortion would be very difficult to notice, because of the Sun.


36 posted on 10/22/2004 8:33:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv
Not sure about those jets escaping from the Earth, can you point me in the right direction? :')

Be glad to; I'm just not sure where to start. I can't even remember where I saw these clips. Most likely Discovery, TLC or even an outside chance on the weather channel. I'll see what I can find.

If I could put it in some perspective, the cameras were taking videos of lightning flashes and there would occasionally be an outward explosion of material shooting off into space seen at the curvature of the earth; on the horizon if you will. Now, I'm not sure, but I think I also heard that high flying aircraft pilots have seen these things, but don't hold me to that.

These comets go boom, spread out, and all that takes place at high altitudes.

Understood, at the outer edge of our atmosphere even.

The most that could be visible from the ground (at night) might be some optical distortion, that would be my guess. In the daytime, any optical distortion would be very difficult to notice, because of the Sun.

I wasn't so much referring to anything being visible from the ground but you raise an interesting point. That is, there should be instruments on the ground similar to those on the satellites that could pick up these anomalies? The more I look at this the curiouser it gets.

FGS

37 posted on 10/22/2004 9:45:35 PM PDT by ForGod'sSake (ABCNNBCBS: An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly.)
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To: vannrox; Justa

A tiny bump to one of those older style URL topics:

Catastrophic event preceded Dark Ages - scientist
Miscellaneous News Keywords: SCIENCE HISTORY IMAGINATION
Source: Reuters
Posted on 09/08/2000 10:06:44 PDT by VadeRetro
http://www.freerepublic.com/forum/a39b91ca42b27.htm

Justa posted this link:
http://www.FreeRepublic.com/forum/a39b91ca42b27.htm#100


38 posted on 10/22/2004 10:35:48 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv
Not sure about those jets escaping from the Earth, can you point me in the right direction? :')

My first search brought me to some stills on this site that appear to be very close to the videos I saw. The videos are much more interesting, so I'll keep looking...

Gigantic Jets Observed between a Thundercloud and the Ionosphere

FGS

39 posted on 10/24/2004 12:30:38 AM PDT by ForGod'sSake (ABCNNBCBS: An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly.)
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To: SunkenCiv
SPRITES?

FGS

40 posted on 10/24/2004 12:48:53 AM PDT by ForGod'sSake (ABCNNBCBS: An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly.)
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To: SunkenCiv
The motherlode: RED SPRITES AND BLUE JETS

FGS

41 posted on 10/24/2004 12:54:11 AM PDT by ForGod'sSake (ABCNNBCBS: An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly.)
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To: ForGod'sSake
Oooh, interesting... a wild uneducated guess... the dim blue version is due to particle acceleration from the electrical currents (see Asimov's short story, "The Billiard Ball", which he wished that he'd named "Dirty Pool"); the red versions are probably infrared from molecules and atoms heated by the same currents. As I said, wild...
George W. Bush will be reelected by a margin of at least ten per cent

42 posted on 10/24/2004 8:02:38 AM PDT by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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Giant Impact Theory

43 posted on 11/14/2004 9:03:36 PM PST by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv

In re to Louis Frank's mini-comets being the source of earth's oceans, there is a severe constraint on the rate thereof : the moon gets about 5% of all meteoric mass entering the system(95% falls to the earth). If the incoming comet-water mass-rate was LARGE we would have a SECOND SUN in our sky as the water-rich cloud around the moon would be bright-white(high albedo)and thus extremely reflective, instead of its present asphalt-black. So, you either have "smart" comets that only target the earth...or we forget Frank's theory as wishful thinking in pondering the NOISE in the satellite's cameras..


44 posted on 12/01/2004 8:42:01 PM PST by timer
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To: timer

Naw, not wishful thinking, or noise. The Moon doesn't retain water, due to mass, density, and lack of atmosphere, while the Earth does.


45 posted on 12/01/2004 9:14:43 PM PST by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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To: SunkenCiv

Wrong! If you have mini-comets impacting the lunar surface at its terminal velocity, low as that may be, you would still see the H2O (volatiles) in the samples brought back by the apollo astronauts. Reference the Lunar Source Book, a compendium of known lunar facts, published after 1973 when the apollo program was terminated. There is no, repeat NO, evidence for "wet" impacts in lunar surface rocks; as Louis Frank's mini-comet theory predicts. Again, you are faced with a dilemma : 5% of all meteorite mass that comes into the earth-moon system impacts the MOON, that's a known factoid. Over past eons a continual spray of mini-comets would then show up in lunar surface rocks...it doesn't, the moon is as dry as a bone. Ignoring inconvenient facts is not how one does science. Or as Sherlock Holmes would say : the dog that didn't bark in the night(no lunar water traces)is telling us something(besides Frank's theory being wishful thinking)...are you listening?


46 posted on 12/02/2004 5:13:34 AM PST by timer
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To: timer

Thanks for that rambling email with no paragraph breaks you sent on Monday. Is that how *you* do science?


47 posted on 12/02/2004 9:12:30 AM PST by SunkenCiv ("All I have seen teaches me trust the Creator for all I have not seen." -- Emerson)
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An Argument for the Cometary Origin of the Biosphere
American Scientist ^ | September-October 2001 | Armand H. Delsemme
Posted on 09/06/2004 8:16:38 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/1208497/posts

Why Study Comets?
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/deepimpact/media/f_whycomets.html
"Comets are the remainders of material formed in the coldest part of our solar system. Impacts from comets played a major role in the evolution of the Earth, primarily during its early history billions of years ago. Some believe that they brought water and a variety of organic molecules to Earth."


48 posted on 12/26/2004 6:59:52 PM PST by SunkenCiv (There's nothing new under the Sun. That accounts for the many quotes used as taglines.)
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To: 75thOVI; AndrewC; Avoiding_Sulla; BenLurkin; Berosus; CGVet58; chilepepper; ckilmer; Eastbound; ...

updated URL, full text:

http://www.bautforum.com/showthread.php?p=109189#post109189
http://www.bautforum.com/showpost.php?s=83eca795ebba56491b80ecbf6db604d7&p=109252&postcount=3

09-July-2003, 12:17 AM
The Bad Astronomer
Administrator
Join Date: Oct 2001
Location: CA, USA
Posts: 4,250

My Bitesize essays about Frank were written early on, when I first heard of his claims. I should really re-write them, or append them: Louis Frank is as wrong as wrong can be. I have seen his claims, read papers, and years ago decided his claims are utterly incorrect. I found several articles on the web; here is one about seeing them from the ground (search on "frank"), and here is another.

The bottom line is that we should see them, lots of them, all the time. We can't. So, unless they are magic (like Nancy Lieder's Planet X), they don't exist.

__________________
Phil Plait
The Bad Astronomer

see also:

http://www.badastronomy.com/bad/misc/badminicomet.html
http://www.badastronomy.com/bitesize/minicomet.html


49 posted on 01/22/2006 9:43:28 PM PST by SunkenCiv (In the long run, there is only the short run.)
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To: SunkenCiv
Gawrsh. Color me confused(again; lots of material here). It would seem as though Frank's hypothesis has been more or less proven??? And a question I asked way up this thread those months ago, why can't/don't we see this from the ground; even on a bluebird type day? Just a thought: these things are tiny by most any measure, so we wouldn't actually see the initial vaporization. By the time this vaporizaton is large enough to see, it's so thin as to be virtually invisible???

Anyway, thanks for an interesting update.

FGS

50 posted on 01/23/2006 6:47:11 PM PST by ForGod'sSake
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