Keyword: catastrophism

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  • Search for Missing MH370 Uncovers Sea Floor Terrain That May Better Predict Tsunamis

    10/09/2014 6:36:14 AM PDT · by ShadowAce · 6 replies
    Accuweather.com ^ | 9 October 2014 | Katy Galimberti
    The continuing search for a commercial plane missing for more than six months has led to new ocean discoveries that could save countless lives in the event of catastrophic tsunamis.While conducting the search for the missing Malaysia Airlines MH370 jet that disappeared in March with more than 200 souls on board, Australian scientists have uncovered underwater volcanoes and ridges within the depths of the Southern Indian Ocean.Before being prompted by the search efforts, radars and other technologies had yet to delve that deep into the area of the ocean off the western coast of Australia. However, the region is not...
  • Siberia’s Whale Bone Alley: Stonehenge’s Eerie Russian Cousin

    12/15/2014 9:10:06 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 12 replies
    mysteriousuniverse.org ^ | December 12, 2014 | Martin J. Clemens
    Upon closer inspection, you would find that this is no random collection of bones, but rather is a deliberately constructed roadway delineated by the towering rib bones (some in excess of five metres high and weighing 300 kg), and dotted with huge whale skulls and large square pits dug into the permafrost. It would be a perplexing sight indeed.
  • Rare Mineral Ringwoodite Included within Diamond Points to ‘Oceans’ beneath Earth

    06/16/2014 3:14:38 PM PDT · by WhiskeyX · 20 replies
    Sci-News.com ^ | Mar 14, 2014 | Sci-News.com
    First terrestrial discovery of an extremely rare mineral called ringwoodite confirms theory about huge water ‘reservoirs’ 410 to 660 km beneath the surface of our planet, says a team of researchers led by Prof Graham Pearson from the University of Alberta, Canada.
  • Earth may have underground 'ocean' three times that on surface

    06/13/2014 12:23:50 PM PDT · by Eurotwit · 70 replies
    The Guardian ^ | Friday 13 June 2014 04.53 BST | Melissa Davey
    Scientists say rock layer hundreds of miles down holds vast amount of water, opening up new theories on how planet formed After decades of searching scientists have discovered that a vast reservoir of water, enough to fill the Earth’s oceans three times over, may be trapped hundreds of miles beneath the surface, potentially transforming our understanding of how the planet was formed. The water is locked up in a mineral called ringwoodite about 660km (400 miles) beneath the crust of the Earth, researchers say. Geophysicist Steve Jacobsen from Northwestern University in the US co-authored the study published in the journal...
  • World's largest water reservoir found deep in earth

    06/13/2014 3:41:21 AM PDT · by rjbemsha · 31 replies
    Indo Asian News Service ^ | 13 June 2014 | Anon
    In what could quench the thirst of billions of people in the future, researchers have discovered our planet's largest water reservoir 640 km beneath our feet - bound up in rock deep in the earth's mantle. This water is not in a form familiar to us - it is not liquid, ice or vapour. This fourth form is water trapped inside the molecular structure of the minerals in the mantle rock. Scientists have been looking for this missing deep water for decades," explained geophysicist Steve Jacobsen from Northwestern University.
  • Scientists Discover Massive Freshwater Reserves Underneath The Ocean Floor

    12/05/2013 6:52:52 AM PST · by blam · 65 replies
    Scientists Discover Massive Freshwater Reserves Underneath The Ocean Floor Agence France Presse Dec. 5, 2013, 7:22 AM Australian researchers said Thursday they had established the existence of vast freshwater reserves trapped beneath the ocean floor which could sustain future generations as current sources dwindle. Lead author Vincent Post, from Australia's Flinders University, said that an estimated 500,000 cubic kilometres (120,000 cubic miles) of low-salinity water had been found buried beneath the seabed on continental shelves off Australia, China, North America and South Africa. "The volume of this water resource is a hundred times greater than the amount we've extracted from...
  • Cultural Diffusion From East To West? (Sundaland)

    12/15/2014 7:42:15 AM PST · by blam · 13 replies
    RAJAARASABLOG ^ | 12-15-2014 | RAJA ARASA RATNAM
    (A few years back, Professor Stephen Oppenheimer wrote a book titled "Eden In The East" where he proposed that our culture flowed from east to west instead of west to east. Here's a rebuttal)Cultural diffusion from East to West? 2014/01/12 Oppenheimer’s theory is that “ … the roots of the great flowering of civilisation in the fertile crescent of the Ancient Near East lay in the sinking shorelines of Southeast Asia. The Sumerians and Egyptians themselves wrote about the skilled wise men from the East, a fact often dismissed as the embellishment of a fertile imagination.” Purely as an aside,...
  • Scientists discover massive ocean of water 400 miles underground

    06/16/2014 1:51:37 PM PDT · by blueplum · 76 replies
    The Verge ^ | June 14, 2014 2:20am | Kwame Opam
    Researchers at Northwestern University have found evidence for a massive reservoir of water deep within the Earth's mantle. The reservoir, which is said to be three times the volume of the oceans on the surface, is contained within highly-pressurized rock known as ringwoodite. The scientists hope that their findings, recently published in the journal Science, can shed light on where Earth's oceans came from. THREE TIMES THE VOLUME OF THE OCEANS ON EARTH'S SURFACE The team, led by mineralogist Steven Jacobsen, used an array of 2000 seismometers to study how seismic waves generated by earthquakes move through the Earth's interior....
  • Is there an ocean beneath our feet?

    01/28/2014 12:16:28 PM PST · by Theoria · 25 replies
    University of Liverpool ^ | 27 Jan 2014 | University of Liverpool
    Scientists at the University of Liverpool have shown that deep sea fault zones could transport much larger amounts of water from the Earth’s oceans to the upper mantle than previously thought.Water is carried mantle by deep sea fault zones which penetrate the oceanic plate as it bends into the subduction zone.  Subduction, where an oceanic tectonic plate is forced beneath another plate, causes large earthquakes such as the recent Tohoku earthquake, as well as many earthquakes that occur hundreds of kilometers below the Earth’s surface.Seismic modellingSeismologists at Liverpool have estimated that over the age of the Earth, the Japan subduction...
  • Huge 'Ocean' Discovered Inside Earth

    03/02/2007 3:27:53 PM PST · by presidio9 · 24 replies · 650+ views
    Live Science ^ | 03/02/07
    Scientists scanning the deep interior of Earth have found evidence of a vast water reservoir beneath eastern Asia that is at least the volume of the Arctic Ocean. The discovery marks the first time such a large body of water has found in the planet’s deep mantle. The finding, made by Michael Wysession, a seismologist at Washington State University in St. Louis, and his former graduate student Jesse Lawrence, now at the University of California, San Diego, will be detailed in a forthcoming monograph to be published by the American Geophysical Union. Looking down deep The pair analyzed more than...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- The Potsdam Gravity Potato

    12/15/2014 3:22:41 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 50 replies
    NASA ^ | December 15, 2014 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: Why do some places on Earth have higher gravity than others? Sometimes the reason is unknown. To help better understand the Earth's surface, sensitive measurments by the orbiting satellites GRACE and CHAMP were used to create a map of Earth's gravitational field. Since a center for studying this data is in Potsdam, Germany, and since the result makes the Earth look somewhat like a potato, the resulting geoid has been referred to as the Potsdam Gravity Potato. High areas on this map, colored red, indicate areas where gravity is slightly stronger than usual, while in blue areas gravity is...
  • 10 Mysterious Underwater Cities You Haven't Heard Of

    12/14/2014 3:38:25 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 32 replies
    Listverse ^ | August 5, 2013 | Andrew Handley
  • 120-114 BC: The Cimbrian flood and the following Cimbrian war 113-101 BC

    12/14/2014 12:59:31 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    climate4you ^ | before 2014 | unattributed
    The Cimbrian flood (or Cymbrian flood) was a large-scale incursion of the North Sea in the region of the Jutland peninsula (Denmark) in the period 120 to 114 BC, resulting in a permanent change of coastline with much land lost. The flood was caused by one or several very strong storm(s). A high number of people living in the affected area of Jutland drowned, and the flooding apparently set off a migration of the Cimbri tribes previously settled there (Lamb 1991)... The Cimbri were a tribe from Northern Europe, who, together with the Proto-Germanic Teutones and the Ambrones threatened the...
  • The flash in the sky

    12/14/2014 11:56:53 AM PST · by Patriot777 · 14 replies
    Liveleak.com ^ | November 14, 2014 | unknown
    It's not clear what's happened,probably another meteorite explodes, Sverdlovsk region,Russia Read more at http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=bf3_1416311834#dyTzQBMp3dP5Gcue.99
  • The Trillion Dollar Market: Fuel in Space from Asteroids

    12/11/2014 11:56:21 PM PST · by WhiskeyX · 1 replies
    YouTube ^ | Jun 10, 2014 | Planetary Resources
    Asteroid sourced hydrogen and oxygen will literally and figuratively fuel expansion of the space economy by providing a locally sourced fuel resource that will change how industry operates in space. While existing satellites cannot be refueled directly today, space tugs fueled by asteroids that are currently being developed, will maneuver Geostationary satellites into their assigned orbit. Thus, keeping them operating and generating revenue far beyond their current life expectancy. Water from asteroids can also be used for a plethora of other applications beyond fuels in space. It can be consumed, used as a radiation shield for humans during deep space...
  • Rosetta Instrument Reignites Debate on Earth's Oceans

    12/11/2014 2:15:28 AM PST · by iowamark · 25 replies
    NASA ^ | 12/10/14
    The question about the origin of oceans on Earth is one of the most important questions with respect to the formation of our planet and the origin of life. The most popular theory is that water was brought by impacts of comets and asteroids. Data from the Rosetta Orbiter Spectrometer for Ion and Neutral Analysis (ROSINA) instrument aboard the European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft indicate that terrestrial water did not come from comets like 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. The findings were published today in the journal Science. Researchers agree that water must have been delivered to Earth by small bodies at a later...
  • Fear Not: Quarter-Mile Asteroid Is No Threat To Earth, NASA Says

    12/09/2014 4:18:56 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 36 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | on December 9, 2014 | by Elizabeth Howell
    “While this approximately 400-meter sized asteroid has a three-year orbital period around the sun and returns to the Earth’s neighborhood periodically, it does not represent a threat because its orbital path does not pass sufficiently close to the Earth’s orbit … Any statements about risk for impact of discovered asteroids and comets should be verified by scientists and the media by accessing NASA’s Near Earth Object (NEO) program web site.”
  • Imagine the Earth Entering an Ice Age

    12/07/2014 10:24:47 PM PST · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 33 replies
    wattsupwiththat.com ^ | December 7, 2014 | Guest Post by Bob Tisdale
    The Earth is presently in an interglacial period—a period between ice ages. Since the end of the last ice age, Earth’s surface temperatures have been above the temperature needed to maintain ice sheets and glaciers, which covered much of the land masses at mid-to-high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere. As a result, those ice sheets and glaciers have been melting for tens of thousands of years and sea levels have risen…and will continue to rise until the start of the next ice age.Many of us are old enough to remember the scare stories from the 1970s, a time when climate...
  • Scientists may be cracking mystery of big 1872 earthquake

    12/01/2014 9:36:18 AM PST · by JimSEA · 30 replies
    Phys.org ^ | 11/27/2014 | Sandi Doughton
    Geologists may be close to cracking one of the biggest seismological mysteries in the Pacific Northwest: the origin of a powerful earthquake that rattled seven states and provinces when Ulysses S. Grant was president. Preliminary evidence points to a newly discovered fault near the town of Entiat in Chelan County, Wash. The find adds to a growing body of evidence that Central and Eastern Washington are more quake-prone than previously thought, and will help refine seismic risks in an area that's home to 1.5 million people, more than a dozen hydropower dams and the Hanford nuclear reservation, said Craig Weaver,...
  • Spooky Alignment of Quasars Across Billions of Light-years — Science Release — ESO1438

    11/25/2014 10:36:03 PM PST · by Swordmaker · 34 replies
    VLT reveals alignments between supermassive black hole axes and large-scale structure New observations with ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile have revealed alignments over the largest structures ever discovered in the Universe. A European research team has found that the rotation axes of the central supermassive black holes in a sample of quasars are parallel to each other over distances of billions of light-years. The team has also found that the rotation axes of these quasars tend to be aligned with the vast structures in the cosmic web in which they reside.See Full Size Photo Quasars are galaxies with...
  • All-white Moses row: Ł90m Ridley Scott epic slammed over lack of black actors playing Egyptians

    11/28/2014 11:40:57 PM PST · by dennisw · 71 replies
    MailOnline ^ | 27 November 2014 | Sam Creighton
    The hashtag #boycottexodusmovie has been trending on Twitter as posters express there anger over the film's casting of white actors as Egyptians Director Ridley Scott has been bullish about the issue of casting and said it was a business decision to hire white actors He claimed he wouldn't get financing if he hired 'Mohammad so-and-so from such-and-such' The cast does includes a number of actors of color, although it is mainly in minors roles including as servants. Sir Ridley Scott has found himself embroiled in a race row after his latest film was branded ‘too white’. Twitter users are urging...
  • NASA Mission Finds Widespread Evidence of Young Lunar Volcanism

    11/25/2014 12:08:45 PM PST · by Straight Vermonter · 16 replies
    NASA ^ | October 12, 2014
    NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) has provided researchers strong evidence the moon’s volcanic activity slowed gradually instead of stopping abruptly a billion years ago. Scores of distinctive rock deposits observed by LRO are estimated to be less than 100 million years old. This time period corresponds to Earth’s Cretaceous period, the heyday of dinosaurs. Some areas may be less than 50 million years old. Details of the study are published online in Sunday’s edition of Nature Geoscience. “This finding is the kind of science that is literally going to make geologists rewrite the textbooks about the moon,” said John Keller,...
  • Diamonds Beneath the Popigai Crater -- Northern Russia

    11/25/2014 8:36:15 AM PST · by JimSEA · 19 replies
    Geology.com ^ | 11/25/2014 | Hobart King
    About 35 million years ago an asteroid about 5 to 8 kilometers in diameter, travelling at a speed of about 15 to 20 kilometers per second slammed into the area that is now known as the Tamyr Peninsula of northern Siberia, Russia. [1] The energy delivered by this hypervelocity impact was powerful enough to instantly melt thousands of cubic kilometers of rock and blast millions of metric tons of ejecta high into the air. Some of that ejecta landed on other continents. The explosion produced a 100 kilometer-wide impact crater with a rim of deformed rock up to 20 kilometers...
  • Climate Change Not a Cause of Bronze Age Collapse

    11/25/2014 5:49:56 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Monday, November 17, 2014 | University of Bradford press release
    "Our evidence shows definitively that the population decline in this period cannot have been caused by climate change," says Ian Armit, Professor of Archaeology at the University of Bradford, and lead author of the study. Graeme Swindles, Associate Professor of Earth System Dynamics at the University of Leeds, added, "We found clear evidence for a rapid change in climate to much wetter conditions, which we were able to precisely pinpoint to 750BC using statistical methods." According to Professor Armit, social and economic stress is more likely to be the cause of the sudden and widespread fall in numbers. Communities producing...
  • Turkish & Italian Archaeologists Dig at Karkemish

    11/24/2014 4:02:47 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Archaeology Magazine ^ | Monday, November 17, 2014 | unattributed
    Nicolo Marchetti of the University of Bologna is project director of the excavation at Karkemish, a 5,000-year-old city located along the Turkey-Syria border. About one-third of the site lies inside Syria and is off-limits. The site is also very close to Jarablous, a Syrian city that is now ISIS-controlled territory. “Still, we have had no problem at all.…We work in a military area. It is very well protected,” Marchetti told the Associated Press. This year his team has recovered sculptures from the palace of King Katuwa that date to 900 B.C., and a 700 B.C. mosaic floor in the palace...
  • Phoebe Probably Distant Traveller (Saturn Moon)

    06/20/2004 10:56:34 AM PDT · by blam · 8 replies · 269+ views
    BBC ^ | 6-20-2004
    Phoebe probably distant traveller Cassini's images of Phoebe Images of Saturn's moon Phoebe from the Cassini spacecraft suggest it may be a relic of objects that formed billions of years ago in the outer Solar System. The pictures seem to show ice in its craters, boosting the theory that it is more similar to comets and very distant Solar System objects than to asteroids. Scientists think Phoebe migrated inwards and was probably captured by Saturn's gravity billions of years ago. Several tiny Saturn moons may have been blasted out of Phoebe by space impacts. "Battered and beat-up as [Phoebe] is,...
  • What is the Difference Between Asteroids and Comets?

    11/19/2014 1:44:17 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 32 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | on November 19, 2014 | Nancy Atkinson
    Asteroids and comets have a few things in common. They are both celestial bodies orbiting our Sun, and they both can have unusual orbits, sometimes straying close to Earth or the other planets. They are both “leftovers” — made from materials from the formation of our Solar System 4.5 billion years ago. But there are a few notable differences between these two objects, as well. The biggest difference between comets and asteroids, however, is what they are made of. While asteroids consist of metals and rocky material, comets are made up of ice, dust, rocky materials and organic compounds. When...
  • Explosive Flash In Russia Blamed On Meteor

    11/19/2014 12:02:42 PM PST · by McGruff · 42 replies
    Austrian Times ^ | 19. 11. 14
    This is the moment an explosively bright orange flash briefly illuminated the sky above a remote region in central Russia. Locals compared the bright orange glow with what they would have expected from a nuclear explosion and many managed to capture the images in Russia’s Sverdlovsk region in the Urals in pictures and video. But despite the ample illustrations online, neither astrologist's or emergency services in the region so far have managed to come up with an explanation for exactly what is happening. Scientist Viktor Grokhovsky, who is a member of the meteorites committee of the Russian Academy of Sciences,...
  • Mysterious blast lights up night sky in Russia

    11/19/2014 12:18:06 PM PST · by winoneforthegipper · 30 replies
    Fox News ^ | 11/19/14 | staff
    Nov. 19, 2014 - 0:30 - Officials mum on origin of explosion caught on dash cam
  • Chelyabinsk meteor #2? Massive flash over Russia’s Urals stuns locals & scientists

    11/18/2014 7:38:30 PM PST · by traumer · 48 replies
    An extraordinary bright orange flash has lit up the sky in Russia’s Sverdlovsk region in the Urals. While locals captured the massive ‘blast’ on numerous cameras, both scientists and emergency services still struggle to explain the unusual event. Dark evening skies in the town of Rezh in Sverdlovsk region near Russia's Ekaterinburg turned bright orange for some ten seconds on November 14, with the event being caught on several cameras by the locals. A driver filmed the massive flash with his dashcam, later posting the video on YouTube, with more people commenting they’ve seen it too. Teenagers in the town...
  • Chaotic Wombs May Birth Wrong-way Planets

    11/17/2014 9:39:21 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 9 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | on November 17, 2014 | Shannon Hall
    We’ve heard it time and time again. When it comes to new exoplanet findings, our conventional wisdom never holds. So the surprise that a batch of extrasolar planets are moving retrograde, orbiting in directions opposite to the way their stars are spinning, shouldn’t come as a surprise. Then again, maybe it should. These discoveries turned the long-standing view of how planets form on its head. Now Eduard Vorobyov at the University of Vienna and colleagues argue that chaotic conditions in the planetary system’s gaseous wombs may be to blame. Theorists have long assumed that stars and their planetary companions assemble...
  • Philae Lander Early Science Results: Ice, Organic Molecules and Half a Foot of Dust

    11/18/2014 2:42:31 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 58 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | November 18, 2014 | Bob King
    With just 60 hours of battery power, the lander drilled, hammered and gathered science data on the surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko before going into hibernation. Despite appearances, the comet’s hard as ice. The team responsible for the MUPUS (Multi-Purpose Sensors for Surface and Sub-Surface Science) instrument hammered a probe as hard as they could into 67P’s skin but only dug in a few millimeters: “Although the power of the hammer was gradually increased, we were not able to go deep into the surface,” said Tilman Spohn ... “If we compare the data with laboratory measurements, we think that the probe...
  • Pavlof Volcano

    11/16/2014 10:02:13 AM PST · by JimSEA · 7 replies
    Geology.com ^ | 2014 | Hobart King
    Pavlof is one of the most active volcanoes in North America. In the past 100 years, Pavlof has erupted at least 24 times and may have erupted on several other occasions. The remote location and weather with limited visibility, combined with the fact that there are few local inhabitants, may have allowed some eruptions to go unconfirmed. Today, daily satellite monitoring and real-time data from instruments around the volcano bring a continuous stream of information to scientists. [1] Although there is very little human activity on the land immediately surrounding Pavlof, the sky above is heavily travelled. Each day at...
  • Uranus might be full of surprises

    11/14/2014 12:11:34 PM PST · by Nachum · 93 replies
    WaPo ^ | 11/14/14 | Rachel Feltman
    Scientists used to think that things were pretty chill over in the south hemisphere of Uranus. In fact, they thought it was one of the calmest regions of any of the gas giants. But in analyzing images taken nearly three decades ago by NASA's Voyager-2 spacecraft, researchers think they've found a kerfuffle of activity — which might indicate that there's something unusual about the planet's interior. If you look at these old photos of Uranus, the planet appears to be a stark, featureless ball. And even to scientists, who were able to identify more lively features of the gas giant,...
  • Archaeologists Uncover Massive Fortifications in Ancient City of King Midas

    11/08/2014 11:06:07 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Wednesday, November 05, 2014 | unattributed
    A team of archaeologists have unearthed new evidence of massive, monumental defensive works at the Citadel Mound site of ancient Gordion in Turkey. Excavations have also revealed ancient industrial activity dating back to the 11th century BCE... Brian Rose of the University of Pennsylvania and colleagues have uncovered massive defensive walls, part of a road, and industrial work spaces dated back to some of the earliest periods of the site... "Gordion’s historical significance derives from its very long and complex sequence of occupation, with seven successive settlements spanning a period of nearly 4500 years," says Rose. "What we discovered was...
  • Lost in Space: Half of All Stars Are Rogues Between Galaxies

    11/07/2014 1:26:34 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 13 replies
    space.com ^ | Charles Q. Choi
    A star mystery solved? These newfound stars could help solve the so-called "photon underproduction crisis," which suggests that an extraordinary amount of ultraviolet light appears to be missing from the universe. The intergalactic stars could also help address what is known as the "missing baryon problem." Baryons are a class of subatomic particles that includes the protons and neutrons that make up the hearts of atoms inside normal matter. Theories of the formation and evolution of the universe predict there should be far more baryons than scientists currently see. The baryons that astronomers have accounted for in the local cosmic...
  • Mega wave hit Oman's coast 4,500 years ago

    11/06/2014 5:01:20 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 68 replies
    Times of Oman ^ | November 03, 2014 | Sarah MacDonald
    Geologists from GUtech, in cooperation with archeologists from the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, have dug up evidence of a tsunami or severe storm that hit Ras Al Hadd about 4,500 years ago...The fact that there were two settlement phases, the first of which was marked by buildings made of sand brick, and the second by mud brick, suggests the village was destroyed at one point and rebuilt. The remains date back to between 3,100 and 2,700 BC, and the evidence suggests they were built one after the other, meaning the people didn't leave the area despite having their homes...
  • Crater Hunters Find New Clues to Ancient Impact Storm

    11/03/2014 2:32:45 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 23 replies
    livescience.com ^ | October 31, 2014 01:55pm ET | Becky Oskin, Senior Writer |
    Back when Wisconsin and western Russia once shared an address south of the equator, a violent collision in the asteroid belt blasted Earth with meteorites. The space rock smashup showered Earth with up to 100 times more meteorites than today's rate (a rock the size of a football field hits the planet about every 10,000 years). Yet, only a dozen or so impact craters have been found from the ancient bombardment 470 million years ago, during the Ordovician Period. Most are in North America, Sweden and western Russia. There are only about 185 known impact craters on Earth of any...
  • Time Machine: Dr. James Van Allen

    11/02/2014 9:55:36 AM PST · by iowamark · 13 replies
    Cedar Rapids Gazette ^ | November 2, 2014 | Diane Langton
    Abigail and Dr. James Van Allen and his wife, Abigail, met “by accident” when she backed into his car at a stoplight in Baltimore. He scowled, but said nothing. When she ran into him again a few minutes later at the applied physics lab at Johns Hopkins University where they worked, she said, “Who do you think you are, throwing those dirty looks?” He called her the following Sunday to go bicycling. The Van Allens married on Oct. 13, 1945, in Southampton, Long Island. They lived right outside Washington, D.C., until 1951 when Van Allen accepted the position of head...
  • In Past Tsunamis, Tantalizing Clues to Future Ones

    01/04/2005 6:27:04 PM PST · by neverdem · 3 replies · 1,979+ views
    NY Times ^ | January 4, 2005 | KENNETH CHANG
    The Cascadia fault, a 600-mile-long collision between two chunks of the earth's crust off the Pacific Northwest coast, has been quiet for a long time, and that is not a comforting fact. Major earthquakes occur somewhere in the world every year or two. Catastrophic tsunamis - giant waves generated by undersea earthquakes or landslides - strike less often, and some of the largest of tsunamis originate in places that do not, at first glance, appear particularly treacherous. The devastating tsunamis created Dec. 26 by a magnitude 9.0 earthquake that killed as many as 150,000 people on the shores of the...
  • The REAL face of King Tut: Pharaoh had girlish hips, a club foot and buck teeth according to

    10/20/2014 10:07:52 AM PDT · by C19fan · 38 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | October 19, 2014 | Mario Ledwith and Francesco Infante
    With strong features cast in burnished gold, Tutankhamun’s burial mask projects an image of majestic beauty and royal power. But in the flesh, King Tut had buck teeth, a club foot and girlish hips, according to the most detailed examination ever of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh’s remains. And rather than being a boy king with a love of chariot racing, Tut relied on walking sticks to get around during his rule in the 14th century BC, researchers said.
  • 500-Year-Old Traces of Monster Hawaii Tsunami Discovered

    10/22/2014 8:31:25 AM PDT · by smokingfrog · 33 replies
    Discovery News ^ | 10-21-14 | Laura Geggel
    A powerful earthquake in Alaska sent towering waves up to 30 feet (9 meters) tall crashing down on Hawaii about 500 years ago, leaving behind fragments of coral, mollusk shells and coarse beach sand in a sinkhole located on the island of Kauai, new research finds. The quake, likely a magnitude 9.0, sent the mighty waves toward Hawaii sometime between 1425 and 1665, the study found. It's possible that another large Alaskan earthquake could trigger a comparable tsunami on Hawaii's shores in the future, experts said. The tsunami was at least three times the size of the damaging 1946 tsunami,...
  • Awesome Photo Shows Monster Sunspot Aiming Our Way

    10/20/2014 1:23:32 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 34 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | October 20, 2014 | Jason Major off
    According to Spaceweather.com AR2192 has grown considerably over the past few days and has the potential to unleash M- and X-class flares in our direction now that it’s moving into Earth-facing position. It’s currently many times larger than Earth and will likely get even bigger… in fact, during this week’s partial solar eclipse AR2192 should be visible with the naked (but not unprotected!) eye for viewers across much of North America.
  • Storm god worship: Ancient cult complex discovered in Israel

    10/14/2014 10:58:37 AM PDT · by dware · 15 replies
    Fox News/Live Science ^ | 10.14.2014 | Owen Jarus
    A massive cult complex, dating back about 3,300 years, has been discovered at the site of Tel Burna in Israel. While archaeologists have not fully excavated the cult complex, they can tell it was quite large, as the courtyard alone was 52 by 52 feet. Inside the complex, researchers discovered three connected cups, fragments of facemasks, massive jars that are almost as big as a person and burnt animal bones that may indicate sacrificial rituals.
  • Greek Bronze Age ended 100 years earlier than thought, new evidence suggests

    10/17/2014 3:37:07 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    University of Birmingham via EurekAlert! ^ | October 9, 2014 | Stuart Gillespie
    Conventional estimates for the collapse of the Aegean civilization may be incorrect by up to a century, according to new radiocarbon analyses. While historical chronologies traditionally place the end of the Greek Bronze Age at around 1025 BCE, this latest research suggests a date 70 to 100 years earlier. Archaeologists from the University of Birmingham selected 60 samples of animal bones, plant remains and building timbers, excavated at Assiros in northern Greece, to be radiocarbon dated and correlated with 95.4% accuracy using Bayesian statistical methodology at the University of Oxford and the Akademie der Wissenschaften Heidelberg, Germany. 'Until very recently...
  • Chicxulub Didnt Do It All By Itself

    10/17/2014 11:40:09 AM PDT · by JimSEA · 23 replies
    Geology Times ^ | 10/10/2014 | Staff
    Geoscientists now overwhelmingly agree that a single large asteroid or comet impact, such as Chicxulub in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico, could not have been the sole cause of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction. Instead, new research in both planetary/space science and multiple earth-science specialties reveals that concomitant volcanic activity and the associated climate and environmental changes were significant contributing factors in four of the five major mass extinctions in Earth history.
  • Alaska Volcano Blanketed Europe with Ash 1,200 Years Ago

    10/17/2014 10:53:40 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    LiveScience ^ | October 06, 2014 | Becky Oskin
    Alaska's Mount Churchill volcano erupted some 1,200 years ago, spreading ash from Canada to Germany... Mount Churchill is also an impressive volcano, the tallest on land in the United States and one of the towering, snowy peaks of Alaska's Wrangell-St. Elias Mountains. But Churchill's blast in A.D. 843 ejected just 12 cubic miles (50 cubic km) of ash, a layer now called the White River Ash, according to the new study, published in the September 2014 issue of the journal Geology... If moderate volcanic eruptions can spread ash for thousands of miles, then these blowouts may be more hazardous than...
  • Archeologists unearth 3,300 year old complex in Israel

    10/17/2014 8:17:28 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 20 replies
    PHYS.ORG ^ | 10/16/2014 | Bob Yirka
    A team of archeologists working in Israel's Tel Burna dig site have unearthed the remains of a large stone complex dating back approximately 3,300 years. Information about the finding was presented at the recent European Association of Archaeologists' meeting held in Istanbul. Initial examination of the ruins suggests the site was an ancient cult complex—a rather large one at that with side walls measuring up to 52x52 feet. Thus far archeologists have uncovered mask fragments (parts that covered the nose), connected cups (their purpose has yet to be discovered), scarabs (stone representations of the beetle typically used as an amulet)...
  • Archeologists unearth 3,300 year old complex in Israel

    10/17/2014 9:02:45 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | October 16, 2014 | Bob Yirka
    Initial examination of the ruins suggests the site was an ancient cult complex—a rather large one at that with side walls measuring up to 52x52 feet. Thus far arch[a]eologists have uncovered mask fragments (parts that covered the nose), connected cups (their purpose has yet to be discovered), scarabs (stone representations of the beetle typically used as an amulet) and very large vessels known as pithoi. The relics suggest the site was use as a cult complex, likely dedicated to the worship of a god, though the researchers can't say with any certainty which one that might have been. The most...
  • 4 Amazing Archaeological Finds in Israel This Past Year: Sukkot is a good occasion to recall them.

    10/09/2014 8:31:09 AM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 7 replies
    Pajamas Media ^ | 10/09/2014 | P. DAVID HORNIK
    The eight-day Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles) holiday, which begins on Wednesday evening, commemorates the Israelites’ 40-year trek from Egypt to the Promised Land. As God commands (Lev. 23:42-43): Ye shall dwell in booths seven days….That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the Land of Egypt…. Today, many generations later, sukkot—makeshift, decorated huts—sprout all over Israel for the holiday, recalling the ancient Israelites’ rude, temporary dwellings in the desert.But Sukkot is also an autumn harvest festival, and very much tied to the Land of Israel itself....