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Keyword: catastrophism

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  • Diamonds Beneath the Popigai Crater -- Northern Russia

    11/25/2014 8:36:15 AM PST · by JimSEA · 19 replies
    Geology.com ^ | 11/25/2014 | Hobart King
    About 35 million years ago an asteroid about 5 to 8 kilometers in diameter, travelling at a speed of about 15 to 20 kilometers per second slammed into the area that is now known as the Tamyr Peninsula of northern Siberia, Russia. [1] The energy delivered by this hypervelocity impact was powerful enough to instantly melt thousands of cubic kilometers of rock and blast millions of metric tons of ejecta high into the air. Some of that ejecta landed on other continents. The explosion produced a 100 kilometer-wide impact crater with a rim of deformed rock up to 20 kilometers...
  • Climate Change Not a Cause of Bronze Age Collapse

    11/25/2014 5:49:56 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Monday, November 17, 2014 | University of Bradford press release
    "Our evidence shows definitively that the population decline in this period cannot have been caused by climate change," says Ian Armit, Professor of Archaeology at the University of Bradford, and lead author of the study. Graeme Swindles, Associate Professor of Earth System Dynamics at the University of Leeds, added, "We found clear evidence for a rapid change in climate to much wetter conditions, which we were able to precisely pinpoint to 750BC using statistical methods." According to Professor Armit, social and economic stress is more likely to be the cause of the sudden and widespread fall in numbers. Communities producing...
  • Turkish & Italian Archaeologists Dig at Karkemish

    11/24/2014 4:02:47 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Archaeology Magazine ^ | Monday, November 17, 2014 | unattributed
    Nicolo Marchetti of the University of Bologna is project director of the excavation at Karkemish, a 5,000-year-old city located along the Turkey-Syria border. About one-third of the site lies inside Syria and is off-limits. The site is also very close to Jarablous, a Syrian city that is now ISIS-controlled territory. “Still, we have had no problem at all.…We work in a military area. It is very well protected,” Marchetti told the Associated Press. This year his team has recovered sculptures from the palace of King Katuwa that date to 900 B.C., and a 700 B.C. mosaic floor in the palace...
  • Phoebe Probably Distant Traveller (Saturn Moon)

    06/20/2004 10:56:34 AM PDT · by blam · 8 replies · 269+ views
    BBC ^ | 6-20-2004
    Phoebe probably distant traveller Cassini's images of Phoebe Images of Saturn's moon Phoebe from the Cassini spacecraft suggest it may be a relic of objects that formed billions of years ago in the outer Solar System. The pictures seem to show ice in its craters, boosting the theory that it is more similar to comets and very distant Solar System objects than to asteroids. Scientists think Phoebe migrated inwards and was probably captured by Saturn's gravity billions of years ago. Several tiny Saturn moons may have been blasted out of Phoebe by space impacts. "Battered and beat-up as [Phoebe] is,...
  • What is the Difference Between Asteroids and Comets?

    11/19/2014 1:44:17 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 32 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | on November 19, 2014 | Nancy Atkinson
    Asteroids and comets have a few things in common. They are both celestial bodies orbiting our Sun, and they both can have unusual orbits, sometimes straying close to Earth or the other planets. They are both “leftovers” — made from materials from the formation of our Solar System 4.5 billion years ago. But there are a few notable differences between these two objects, as well. The biggest difference between comets and asteroids, however, is what they are made of. While asteroids consist of metals and rocky material, comets are made up of ice, dust, rocky materials and organic compounds. When...
  • Explosive Flash In Russia Blamed On Meteor

    11/19/2014 12:02:42 PM PST · by McGruff · 42 replies
    Austrian Times ^ | 19. 11. 14
    This is the moment an explosively bright orange flash briefly illuminated the sky above a remote region in central Russia. Locals compared the bright orange glow with what they would have expected from a nuclear explosion and many managed to capture the images in Russia’s Sverdlovsk region in the Urals in pictures and video. But despite the ample illustrations online, neither astrologist's or emergency services in the region so far have managed to come up with an explanation for exactly what is happening. Scientist Viktor Grokhovsky, who is a member of the meteorites committee of the Russian Academy of Sciences,...
  • Mysterious blast lights up night sky in Russia

    11/19/2014 12:18:06 PM PST · by winoneforthegipper · 30 replies
    Fox News ^ | 11/19/14 | staff
    Nov. 19, 2014 - 0:30 - Officials mum on origin of explosion caught on dash cam
  • Chelyabinsk meteor #2? Massive flash over Russia’s Urals stuns locals & scientists

    11/18/2014 7:38:30 PM PST · by traumer · 48 replies
    An extraordinary bright orange flash has lit up the sky in Russia’s Sverdlovsk region in the Urals. While locals captured the massive ‘blast’ on numerous cameras, both scientists and emergency services still struggle to explain the unusual event. Dark evening skies in the town of Rezh in Sverdlovsk region near Russia's Ekaterinburg turned bright orange for some ten seconds on November 14, with the event being caught on several cameras by the locals. A driver filmed the massive flash with his dashcam, later posting the video on YouTube, with more people commenting they’ve seen it too. Teenagers in the town...
  • Chaotic Wombs May Birth Wrong-way Planets

    11/17/2014 9:39:21 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 9 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | on November 17, 2014 | Shannon Hall
    We’ve heard it time and time again. When it comes to new exoplanet findings, our conventional wisdom never holds. So the surprise that a batch of extrasolar planets are moving retrograde, orbiting in directions opposite to the way their stars are spinning, shouldn’t come as a surprise. Then again, maybe it should. These discoveries turned the long-standing view of how planets form on its head. Now Eduard Vorobyov at the University of Vienna and colleagues argue that chaotic conditions in the planetary system’s gaseous wombs may be to blame. Theorists have long assumed that stars and their planetary companions assemble...
  • Philae Lander Early Science Results: Ice, Organic Molecules and Half a Foot of Dust

    11/18/2014 2:42:31 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 58 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | November 18, 2014 | Bob King
    With just 60 hours of battery power, the lander drilled, hammered and gathered science data on the surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko before going into hibernation. Despite appearances, the comet’s hard as ice. The team responsible for the MUPUS (Multi-Purpose Sensors for Surface and Sub-Surface Science) instrument hammered a probe as hard as they could into 67P’s skin but only dug in a few millimeters: “Although the power of the hammer was gradually increased, we were not able to go deep into the surface,” said Tilman Spohn ... “If we compare the data with laboratory measurements, we think that the probe...
  • Pavlof Volcano

    11/16/2014 10:02:13 AM PST · by JimSEA · 7 replies
    Geology.com ^ | 2014 | Hobart King
    Pavlof is one of the most active volcanoes in North America. In the past 100 years, Pavlof has erupted at least 24 times and may have erupted on several other occasions. The remote location and weather with limited visibility, combined with the fact that there are few local inhabitants, may have allowed some eruptions to go unconfirmed. Today, daily satellite monitoring and real-time data from instruments around the volcano bring a continuous stream of information to scientists. [1] Although there is very little human activity on the land immediately surrounding Pavlof, the sky above is heavily travelled. Each day at...
  • Uranus might be full of surprises

    11/14/2014 12:11:34 PM PST · by Nachum · 93 replies
    WaPo ^ | 11/14/14 | Rachel Feltman
    Scientists used to think that things were pretty chill over in the south hemisphere of Uranus. In fact, they thought it was one of the calmest regions of any of the gas giants. But in analyzing images taken nearly three decades ago by NASA's Voyager-2 spacecraft, researchers think they've found a kerfuffle of activity — which might indicate that there's something unusual about the planet's interior. If you look at these old photos of Uranus, the planet appears to be a stark, featureless ball. And even to scientists, who were able to identify more lively features of the gas giant,...
  • Archaeologists Uncover Massive Fortifications in Ancient City of King Midas

    11/08/2014 11:06:07 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Wednesday, November 05, 2014 | unattributed
    A team of archaeologists have unearthed new evidence of massive, monumental defensive works at the Citadel Mound site of ancient Gordion in Turkey. Excavations have also revealed ancient industrial activity dating back to the 11th century BCE... Brian Rose of the University of Pennsylvania and colleagues have uncovered massive defensive walls, part of a road, and industrial work spaces dated back to some of the earliest periods of the site... "Gordion’s historical significance derives from its very long and complex sequence of occupation, with seven successive settlements spanning a period of nearly 4500 years," says Rose. "What we discovered was...
  • Lost in Space: Half of All Stars Are Rogues Between Galaxies

    11/07/2014 1:26:34 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 13 replies
    space.com ^ | Charles Q. Choi
    A star mystery solved? These newfound stars could help solve the so-called "photon underproduction crisis," which suggests that an extraordinary amount of ultraviolet light appears to be missing from the universe. The intergalactic stars could also help address what is known as the "missing baryon problem." Baryons are a class of subatomic particles that includes the protons and neutrons that make up the hearts of atoms inside normal matter. Theories of the formation and evolution of the universe predict there should be far more baryons than scientists currently see. The baryons that astronomers have accounted for in the local cosmic...
  • Mega wave hit Oman's coast 4,500 years ago

    11/06/2014 5:01:20 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 68 replies
    Times of Oman ^ | November 03, 2014 | Sarah MacDonald
    Geologists from GUtech, in cooperation with archeologists from the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, have dug up evidence of a tsunami or severe storm that hit Ras Al Hadd about 4,500 years ago...The fact that there were two settlement phases, the first of which was marked by buildings made of sand brick, and the second by mud brick, suggests the village was destroyed at one point and rebuilt. The remains date back to between 3,100 and 2,700 BC, and the evidence suggests they were built one after the other, meaning the people didn't leave the area despite having their homes...
  • Crater Hunters Find New Clues to Ancient Impact Storm

    11/03/2014 2:32:45 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 23 replies
    livescience.com ^ | October 31, 2014 01:55pm ET | Becky Oskin, Senior Writer |
    Back when Wisconsin and western Russia once shared an address south of the equator, a violent collision in the asteroid belt blasted Earth with meteorites. The space rock smashup showered Earth with up to 100 times more meteorites than today's rate (a rock the size of a football field hits the planet about every 10,000 years). Yet, only a dozen or so impact craters have been found from the ancient bombardment 470 million years ago, during the Ordovician Period. Most are in North America, Sweden and western Russia. There are only about 185 known impact craters on Earth of any...
  • Time Machine: Dr. James Van Allen

    11/02/2014 9:55:36 AM PST · by iowamark · 13 replies
    Cedar Rapids Gazette ^ | November 2, 2014 | Diane Langton
    Abigail and Dr. James Van Allen and his wife, Abigail, met “by accident” when she backed into his car at a stoplight in Baltimore. He scowled, but said nothing. When she ran into him again a few minutes later at the applied physics lab at Johns Hopkins University where they worked, she said, “Who do you think you are, throwing those dirty looks?” He called her the following Sunday to go bicycling. The Van Allens married on Oct. 13, 1945, in Southampton, Long Island. They lived right outside Washington, D.C., until 1951 when Van Allen accepted the position of head...
  • In Past Tsunamis, Tantalizing Clues to Future Ones

    01/04/2005 6:27:04 PM PST · by neverdem · 3 replies · 1,979+ views
    NY Times ^ | January 4, 2005 | KENNETH CHANG
    The Cascadia fault, a 600-mile-long collision between two chunks of the earth's crust off the Pacific Northwest coast, has been quiet for a long time, and that is not a comforting fact. Major earthquakes occur somewhere in the world every year or two. Catastrophic tsunamis - giant waves generated by undersea earthquakes or landslides - strike less often, and some of the largest of tsunamis originate in places that do not, at first glance, appear particularly treacherous. The devastating tsunamis created Dec. 26 by a magnitude 9.0 earthquake that killed as many as 150,000 people on the shores of the...
  • The REAL face of King Tut: Pharaoh had girlish hips, a club foot and buck teeth according to

    10/20/2014 10:07:52 AM PDT · by C19fan · 38 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | October 19, 2014 | Mario Ledwith and Francesco Infante
    With strong features cast in burnished gold, Tutankhamun’s burial mask projects an image of majestic beauty and royal power. But in the flesh, King Tut had buck teeth, a club foot and girlish hips, according to the most detailed examination ever of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh’s remains. And rather than being a boy king with a love of chariot racing, Tut relied on walking sticks to get around during his rule in the 14th century BC, researchers said.
  • 500-Year-Old Traces of Monster Hawaii Tsunami Discovered

    10/22/2014 8:31:25 AM PDT · by smokingfrog · 33 replies
    Discovery News ^ | 10-21-14 | Laura Geggel
    A powerful earthquake in Alaska sent towering waves up to 30 feet (9 meters) tall crashing down on Hawaii about 500 years ago, leaving behind fragments of coral, mollusk shells and coarse beach sand in a sinkhole located on the island of Kauai, new research finds. The quake, likely a magnitude 9.0, sent the mighty waves toward Hawaii sometime between 1425 and 1665, the study found. It's possible that another large Alaskan earthquake could trigger a comparable tsunami on Hawaii's shores in the future, experts said. The tsunami was at least three times the size of the damaging 1946 tsunami,...
  • Awesome Photo Shows Monster Sunspot Aiming Our Way

    10/20/2014 1:23:32 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 34 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | October 20, 2014 | Jason Major off
    According to Spaceweather.com AR2192 has grown considerably over the past few days and has the potential to unleash M- and X-class flares in our direction now that it’s moving into Earth-facing position. It’s currently many times larger than Earth and will likely get even bigger… in fact, during this week’s partial solar eclipse AR2192 should be visible with the naked (but not unprotected!) eye for viewers across much of North America.
  • Storm god worship: Ancient cult complex discovered in Israel

    10/14/2014 10:58:37 AM PDT · by dware · 15 replies
    Fox News/Live Science ^ | 10.14.2014 | Owen Jarus
    A massive cult complex, dating back about 3,300 years, has been discovered at the site of Tel Burna in Israel. While archaeologists have not fully excavated the cult complex, they can tell it was quite large, as the courtyard alone was 52 by 52 feet. Inside the complex, researchers discovered three connected cups, fragments of facemasks, massive jars that are almost as big as a person and burnt animal bones that may indicate sacrificial rituals.
  • Greek Bronze Age ended 100 years earlier than thought, new evidence suggests

    10/17/2014 3:37:07 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    University of Birmingham via EurekAlert! ^ | October 9, 2014 | Stuart Gillespie
    Conventional estimates for the collapse of the Aegean civilization may be incorrect by up to a century, according to new radiocarbon analyses. While historical chronologies traditionally place the end of the Greek Bronze Age at around 1025 BCE, this latest research suggests a date 70 to 100 years earlier. Archaeologists from the University of Birmingham selected 60 samples of animal bones, plant remains and building timbers, excavated at Assiros in northern Greece, to be radiocarbon dated and correlated with 95.4% accuracy using Bayesian statistical methodology at the University of Oxford and the Akademie der Wissenschaften Heidelberg, Germany. 'Until very recently...
  • Chicxulub Didnt Do It All By Itself

    10/17/2014 11:40:09 AM PDT · by JimSEA · 23 replies
    Geology Times ^ | 10/10/2014 | Staff
    Geoscientists now overwhelmingly agree that a single large asteroid or comet impact, such as Chicxulub in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico, could not have been the sole cause of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction. Instead, new research in both planetary/space science and multiple earth-science specialties reveals that concomitant volcanic activity and the associated climate and environmental changes were significant contributing factors in four of the five major mass extinctions in Earth history.
  • Alaska Volcano Blanketed Europe with Ash 1,200 Years Ago

    10/17/2014 10:53:40 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    LiveScience ^ | October 06, 2014 | Becky Oskin
    Alaska's Mount Churchill volcano erupted some 1,200 years ago, spreading ash from Canada to Germany... Mount Churchill is also an impressive volcano, the tallest on land in the United States and one of the towering, snowy peaks of Alaska's Wrangell-St. Elias Mountains. But Churchill's blast in A.D. 843 ejected just 12 cubic miles (50 cubic km) of ash, a layer now called the White River Ash, according to the new study, published in the September 2014 issue of the journal Geology... If moderate volcanic eruptions can spread ash for thousands of miles, then these blowouts may be more hazardous than...
  • Archeologists unearth 3,300 year old complex in Israel

    10/17/2014 8:17:28 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 20 replies
    PHYS.ORG ^ | 10/16/2014 | Bob Yirka
    A team of archeologists working in Israel's Tel Burna dig site have unearthed the remains of a large stone complex dating back approximately 3,300 years. Information about the finding was presented at the recent European Association of Archaeologists' meeting held in Istanbul. Initial examination of the ruins suggests the site was an ancient cult complex—a rather large one at that with side walls measuring up to 52x52 feet. Thus far archeologists have uncovered mask fragments (parts that covered the nose), connected cups (their purpose has yet to be discovered), scarabs (stone representations of the beetle typically used as an amulet)...
  • Archeologists unearth 3,300 year old complex in Israel

    10/17/2014 9:02:45 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | October 16, 2014 | Bob Yirka
    Initial examination of the ruins suggests the site was an ancient cult complex—a rather large one at that with side walls measuring up to 52x52 feet. Thus far arch[a]eologists have uncovered mask fragments (parts that covered the nose), connected cups (their purpose has yet to be discovered), scarabs (stone representations of the beetle typically used as an amulet) and very large vessels known as pithoi. The relics suggest the site was use as a cult complex, likely dedicated to the worship of a god, though the researchers can't say with any certainty which one that might have been. The most...
  • 4 Amazing Archaeological Finds in Israel This Past Year: Sukkot is a good occasion to recall them.

    10/09/2014 8:31:09 AM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 7 replies
    Pajamas Media ^ | 10/09/2014 | P. DAVID HORNIK
    The eight-day Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles) holiday, which begins on Wednesday evening, commemorates the Israelites’ 40-year trek from Egypt to the Promised Land. As God commands (Lev. 23:42-43): Ye shall dwell in booths seven days….That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the Land of Egypt…. Today, many generations later, sukkot—makeshift, decorated huts—sprout all over Israel for the holiday, recalling the ancient Israelites’ rude, temporary dwellings in the desert.But Sukkot is also an autumn harvest festival, and very much tied to the Land of Israel itself....
  • Powerful Megaflare from Small Star Stuns Scientists (Video, Image)

    10/03/2014 5:47:15 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 14 replies
    space.com ^ | October 02, 2014 | Mike Wall, Senior Writer
    A series of megaflares unleashed earlier this year by a nearby red dwarf has astronomers rethinking just what these small, dim stars are capable of. On April 23, NASA's Swift satellite spotted the enormous star flare coming from DG Canum Venaticorum (DG CVn), a system of two red dwarfs located about 60 light-years from Earth. The eruption put to shame anything ever seen on the sun, whose strong flares are classified into three categories, with C flares being the weakest, M of medium strength and X the most powerful. "The biggest flare we've ever seen from the sun occurred in...
  • Satellites reveal hidden features at the bottom of Earth's seas

    10/02/2014 9:25:53 PM PDT · by Utilizer · 18 replies
    AAAS ^ | 2 October 2014 2:15 pm | Carolyn Gramling
    Oceanographers have a saying: Scientists know more about the surface of Mars than they do about the landscape at the bottom of our oceans. But that may soon change. Using data from satellites that measure variations in Earth’s gravitational field, researchers have found a new and more accurate way to map the sea floor. The improved resolution has already allowed them to identify previously hidden features—including thousands of extinct volcanoes more than 1000 meters tall—as well as piece together some lingering uncertainties in Earth’s ancient history. Roughly 90% of the deep-ocean sea floor remains unmapped, a fact that’s been thrown...
  • Mysterious feature on Saturn's moon baffles NASA scientists

    09/30/2014 8:38:04 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 53 replies
    theweek.com ^ | 09-30-2014 10:16am ET | Meghan DeMaria
    NASA's Cassini spacecraft has discovered a "mysterious feature" on Saturn's moon Titan. Scientists are working to determine, what, exactly, this feature might be. NASA reports that the feature is roughly 100 square miles, and it lies in Ligeia Mare, one of Titan's hydrocarbon seas. Cassini's radar has observed the feature twice, but its appearance changed between the two sightings. Scientists suspect the feature's change in appearance could be the result of Titan's changing seasons, which Cassini's current extended mission will monitor. The feature's first sighting was in July 2013, and the radar images depicted a bright spot, which stood out...
  • Did the Ancestors of the Jews Create the World's First Civilization?

    10/07/2014 9:06:12 AM PDT · by ComtedeMaistre · 51 replies
    Last month, I read a truly fascinating book, written by John Entine, titled: "Abraham's Children: Race, Identity, and the DNA of the Chosen People". Entine is a genetics expert, and a fellow of the American Enterprise Institute. http://www.amazon.com/Abrahams-Children-Identity-Chosen-People/dp/0446580635 It mentions that Jews have genetic markers, that can be detected by DNA tests. Of course, genetic markers also exist for Irishmen, Chinese people, Indians, etc. The Mizrahi Jews from the Middle East and the Ashkenazi Jews from Europe, have very similar genes. Genetics research and Archaeology are proving that many of the accounts in the Old Testament are true. Jews have...
  • Water On Earth Is Older Than The Sun

    09/27/2014 4:51:07 PM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 51 replies
    Science 2.0 ^ | 09/27/2014
    It's no surprise that water was crucial to the formation of life on Earth. What may surprise you is that water on earth is older than the sun itself. Identifying the original source of Earth's water is key to understanding how life-fostering environments came into being and how likely they are to be found elsewhere. A new paper in Science says that much of our Solar System's water likely originated as ices that formed in interstellar space. Water is found throughout the Solar System, not just on Earth; on icy comets and moons, and in the shadowed basins of...
  • Series of fireballs light up Eastern US sky

    09/25/2014 2:28:05 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 28 replies
    theindychannel.com ^ | Sep 25, 2014
    A series of fireballs lit up the night sky across the eastern U.S. Tuesday night and Wednesday morning just hours apart. ... More than 420 witnesses reported seeing the fireball streaking across the sky, with those reports from Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Illinois and Indiana. Among the reports AMS received in Indiana, one person in Greenwood described the fireball as having "small reddish sparks as it snuffed out, scattered in all directions." ... Three of the four reported fireballs happened within 90 minutes of each other, with the other reports over New Jersey, Tennessee and Florida. "It is rare that multiple...
  • Ancient Egyptian Woman with 70 Hair Extensions Discovered

    09/21/2014 12:13:19 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    LiveScience ^ | September 17, 2014 | Owen Jarus
    More than 3,300 years ago, in a newly built city in Egypt, a woman with an incredibly elaborate hairstyle of lengthy hair extensions was laid to rest. She was not mummified, her body simply being wrapped in a mat. When archaeologists uncovered her remains they found she wore "a very complex coiffure with approximately 70 extensions fastened in different layers and heights on the head," writes Jolanda Bos, an archaeologist working on the Amarna Project, in an article recently published in the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. Researchers don't know her name, age or occupation, but she is one of hundreds...
  • Millennia-old sunken ship could be world’s oldest, researchers suggest

    09/21/2014 11:49:55 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies
    Hürriyet Daily News ^ | Friday, September 5 2014 | Anadolu Agency
    Underwater excavations led by Ankara UniversityÂ’s Research Center for Maritime Archaeology (ANKĂśSAM) have uncovered sunken ships ranging from the second century B.C. to the Ottoman period in Ä°zmirÂ’s Urla district. A recent excavation uncovered a ship estimated to date back 4,000 years, which experts say would make it the oldest sunken ship to have been discovered in the Mediterranean. Urla Port is one of TurkeyÂ’s rare underwater excavation sites. Professor Hayat Erkanal, the head of Limantepe excavations for the underwater ancient city of Klozemenai and director of ANKĂśSAM, said the port dates back to the seventh century B.C. Klozemenai, he...
  • Pharaoh-Branded Amulet Found at Ancient Copper Mine in Jordan

    09/21/2014 11:21:29 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    LiveScience ^ | September 19, 2014 | Megan Gannon
    ...The tiny artifact could attest to the fabled military campaign that Sheshonq I waged in the region nearly 3,000 years ago, researchers say... The site, which was discovered during excavations in 2002, was home to intense metal production during the Early Bronze Age, between about 3000 B.C. and 2000 B.C. But there is also evidence of more recent smelting activities at Khirbat Hamra Ifdan during the Iron Age, from about 1000 B.C. to 900 B.C. The hieroglyphic sequence on the scarab reads: "bright is the manifestation of Re, chosen of Amun/Re." That moniker corresponds to the throne name of Sheshonq...
  • Storm caused by solar flares will lightly singe Earth by Friday

    09/11/2014 9:26:10 PM PDT · by steve86 · 27 replies
    The Seattle PI ^ | September 11, 2014 | Jake Ellison
    The immediate burst of energy from the big flare yesterday had some effect on high frequency radio waves already (check out the first image in the gallery above), according to NOAA’s Space Weather prediction Center, but the hard-to-take CME particles are likely to go just above the Earth, singing us just a bit. The Associated Press reports: New calculations from satellite data show that the worst of the energetic particles streaming from the sun likely will go north or above Earth this time, , said Tom Berger, director of the Space Weather Prediction Center late Wednesday. So while the power...
  • Scientists: 'Extreme' Solar Storm Heading to Earth

    09/11/2014 12:18:35 PM PDT · by Tolerance Sucks Rocks · 37 replies
    Newsmax.com ^ | September 10, 2014 | Associated Press
    Scientists say an extreme solar flare is blasting its way to Earth and could mess up some power grids, satellites and radio transmissions. Forecasters at the Space Weather Prediction Center don't yet know when Wednesday's solar storm will arrive here and which part of the planet will be facing the sun and bear the brunt of the effects. It could be as early as Thursday morning to a few days.
  • Solar Flare Geomagnetic Strength Increased by Twice: NASA

    09/11/2014 11:07:27 AM PDT · by dware · 12 replies
    Capital Wired ^ | 09.11.2014 | Jidde Plas
    NASA’s recent reports alerted that Earth’s magnetic field will face a double-blow from a pair of CMEs on Sept. 12th. Previously, the two storm clouds were propelled in our direction by explosions in the magnetic canopy of sunspot AR2158, which also fired off another intense solar flare on 9th and 10. These two flare outburst process was captured on camera by NASA. Huge geomagnetic tornados are expected on Sept. 12th and 13th as an outcome of the above repeated impacts.
  • When Will Betelgeuse Explode? (Constellation Orion)

    09/11/2014 6:32:08 AM PDT · by C19fan · 34 replies
    Slate ^ | September 8, 2014 | Phil Plait
    If there’s one star in the sky people know about, it’s Betelgeuse.* Marking the right shoulder of the hunter Orion—remember, he’s facing us, so it’s on our left—this orange-red star is one of the brightest in the night sky. It’s been studied for as long as we’ve had telescopes, yet for all our advanced technology and knowhow, details about it are maddeningly vague. We don’t even have a good determination of how far away it is! Still, there’s a lot we do know: It’s a red supergiant, a star that started out life already a lot bigger, more massive, and...
  • Scientists turn textbook volcanic eruption theory on its head

    09/13/2014 12:52:15 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    Zeenews (India) ^ | Tuesday, September 9, 2014 | ANI
    Researchers at Caltech and the University of Miami in Florida found that the volcano pictures, such as those that are forming the Hawaiian Islands, illustrate that it erupts when magma gushes out as narrow jets from deep inside Earth but those pictures are wrong. Don Anderson, the Eleanor and John R. McMillian Professor of Geophysics, Emeritus, at Caltech said that new seismology data are now confirming that such narrow jets don't actually exist. He further explained that, in fact, basic physics doesn't support the presence of these jets, called mantle plumes, and the new results corroborated those fundamental ideas. It...
  • This Is What Would Happen If The Yellowstone Supervolcano Erupted

    09/09/2014 3:29:34 PM PDT · by EveningStar · 56 replies
    Business Insider ^ | September 9, 2014 | Ajai Raj
    Recently, rumors have been swelling of a danger at Yellowstone National Park. That danger? A brewing supervolcano eruption. The fear of a Yellowstone supereruption, which ultimately went viral, may have begun back in February when a seismometer called B944 began sending senseless data to a public viewer at the University of Utah's seismographic station, as George Black reports in The New Yorker. Luckily for most of the U.S., the likelihood this eruption would happen is pretty low: about one in 100,000 any given year. If it did happen, it would be pretty devastating, though.
  • 52 Volcanoes That Pose A 'Serious Threat' To The US Aren't Being Well Monitored

    09/08/2014 2:26:41 PM PDT · by blam · 16 replies
    BI ^ | 9-8-2014 | Ajai Raj
    Ajai RajSeptember 8, 2014 Last Friday's eruption at Iceland's Bardarbunga volcano had many worried about the possible impacts of a larger eruption on air travel. Another eruption at Hawaii's Kilauea volcano has caused a state of emergency to be declared on Big Island, as lava flows from the ongoing eruption have advanced within a mile of a residential zone. That's just one example of how much danger volcanoes pose to the U.S. — and we aren't doing much about it. Compared with Iceland, the U.S. is much more vulnerable to volcanic disasters — and has been failing at monitoring these...
  • Meteorite Crashes to Earth in Nicaraguan Capital City Managua

    09/08/2014 9:27:09 AM PDT · by George Varnum · 63 replies
    Facebook; Dutchsinse ^ | 9/08/2014 | Michael Janitch
    A Meteorite crashed to Earth Sunday afternoon, in Central America. The crater, located in the capital city of Nicaragua, is about 60 feet / 20 meters across, located near the international airport.
  • 'Meteorite' Smashes Into Nicaraguan Capital

    09/07/2014 10:25:59 PM PDT · by blam · 24 replies
    Yahoo News ^ | 9-8-2014 | AF
    AFPASeptember 8, 2014 Managua (AFP) - A mysterious explosion that rocked Nicaragua's crowded capital Managua, creating a large crater, appears to have been caused by a small meteorite, officials said Sunday. Amazingly, in a sprawling city of 1.2 million people, the impact near the international airport did not cause any known injuries, but it did leave a crater measuring 12 meters (39 feet) across and was felt throughout the capital late on Saturday. Nicaraguan authorities believe it was a piece of the small asteroid dubbed "2014 RC," which passed very close to Earth on Sunday and was estimated by astronomers...
  • An asteroid will just miss Earth today. We won't always be so lucky

    09/07/2014 5:37:19 AM PDT · by John W · 70 replies
    vox.com ^ | September 6, 2014 | Joseph Stromberg
    On Sunday afternoon — at 2:15 pm Eastern time, to be exact — a small asteroid will whiz by the Earth. Don't worry: it'll miss us by about 25,000 miles. To be clear, there is zero chance it can hit us. This is certain. But in the long-term, worrying a little about asteroids isn't an unreasonable idea. Now, the odds of a massively destructive asteroid impact at any given time are tiny — but the potential costs would be enormous. Yet we still haven't invested in all the infrastructure needed to spot small asteroids with much warning (we spotted this...
  • Mystery of the missing Europa geysers: Disappearance of water vapour jets from Jupiter's moon...

    09/06/2014 10:04:58 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 11 replies
    MailOnline ^ | 14:48 EST, 5 September 2014 | Jonathan O'Callaghan for
    Dr Kurt Retherford of the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio told Space.com that he thought this was unlikely. ‘The best explanation still is plumes for that [December 2013] dataset, no doubt about it,’ he said. Another suggestion is that the plumes may be too small to see; indeed, even Cassini has struggled to spot vapour associated with the plumes being expelled into space. The previous evidence for the jets had come in the form of water vapour spotted by Hubble above Europa. Although several explanations were offered, Nasa was pretty sure this vapour was due to erupting plumes on...
  • Researchers discover new clues to determining the solar cycle

    09/04/2014 9:54:41 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 5 replies
    phys.org ^ | Karen C. Fox
    Now we can see there are bright points in the solar atmosphere, which act like buoys anchored to what's going on much deeper down. They help us develop a different picture of the interior of the sun." ... Beginning in 2010, McIntosh and his colleagues began tracking the size of different magnetically balanced areas on the sun, that is, areas where there are an equal number of magnetic fields pointing down into the sun as pointing out. The team found magnetic parcels in sizes that had been seen before, but also spotted much larger parcels than those previously noted—about the...
  • World's Oldest Weather Report Found on 3500-Year-Old Stone in Egypt

    09/04/2014 12:56:44 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 41 replies
    International Business Times ^ | April 4, 2014 14:51 BST
    A 3,500-year-old inscription on a stone block found in Egypt is what archaeologists say the oldest weather report of the world. The inscription on a six-foot-tall calcite stone, called the Tempest Stela, describes rain, darkness and "the sky being in storm without cessation, louder than the cries of the masses," according to Nadine Moeller and Robert Ritner at the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute who have translated the 40-line inscription. The stela's text also describes bodies floating down the Nile like "skiffs of papyrus." "This was clearly a major storm, and different from the kinds of heavy rains that Egypt...