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National Review/Ann Carr ^ | Dec. 17, 2001 | John O'Sullivan

Posted on 06/21/2002 6:43:32 PM PDT by cascademountaineer

Mr. KYL. Mr. President, John O'Sullivan is one of the wisest men I know. Advisor to Margaret Thatcher, editor of National Review and author of political commentary here and abroad, O'Sullivan has been concerned for years about the future of Western civilization in general and the United States in particular.

In the December 17, 2001 issue of National Review, he weaves together ideas of John Fonte of the Hudson Institute, Samuel Huntington and James Burnham to elaborate on his theme that our civilization is under fundamental assault from modern liberalism, what he calls an ``anti- Western impulse'' assaulting ``the institutions invented by classical and constitutional liberalism in its great creative phase, not merely the free market, but also individual rights, free scientific inquiry, free speech, the rule of law, majority rule, democratic accountability, and national sovereignty.''

Skeptical? Then I challenge you to read what follows: ``Safe for Democracy, and a Nation--The idea of this country post-9/11.'' It is the best statement I've seen of the challenges we face from what Fonte calls ``trans-national progressivism.'' I ask that the commentary be printed in the Record. The commentary follows. [From the National Review, Dec. 17, 2001]


Safe for Democracy, and a Nation--The Idea of This Country Post-9/11

(By John O'Sullivan)

One of the difficulties bedeviling political science is the protean nature of political words. As Robert Schuettinger pointed out in his study of European conservatism, the phrase ``a conservative socialist'' could mean a hardline Stalinist, a social-democratic revisionist, or merely a socialist who dressed and acted in a modest, inconspicuous way. When words like ``conservative'' and ``liberal'' are being used, context is all. So the theme of this article is advertised in neon when I begin with the definitions of these philosophies advanced by two distinguished American political theorists: Samuel Huntington and James Burnham.

Writing in The American Political Science Review in 1957, Huntington defined conservatism as that system of ideas employed to defend established institutions when they come under fundamental attack. As Huntington himself put it: ``When the foundations of society are threatened, the conservative ideology reminds men of the necessity of some institutions and the desirability of the existing ones.''

And in his 1964 book, The Suicide of the West, James Burnham described liberalism as ``the ideology of Western suicide''--not exactly that liberalism caused that suicide; more that it reconciled the West to its slow dissolution. Again, as Burnham himself put it: ``It is as if a man, struck with a mortal disease, were able to say and to believe, as the flush of the fever spread over his face, `Ah, the glow of health returning' . . . If Western civilization is wholly vanquished . . . we or our children will be able to see that ending, by the light of the principles of liberalism, not as a final defeat, but as the transition to a new and higher order in which mankind as a whole joins in a universal civilization that has risen above the parochial distinctions, divisions, and discriminations of the past.''

If we put these two quotations together, the function of contemporary conservatism becomes clear: to defend the institutions of Western civilization, in their distinct American form, against a series of fundamental assaults carried out in the name of liberalism and either advocated or excused by people calling themselves liberals.

To say that liberalism advances Western suicide, of course, is to say something controversial--but something much less controversial than when Burnham wrote forty years ago. When Ivy League students from mobs chanting ``Hey, hey, ho, ho, Western Civ has got to go,'' when their professors happily edit the classics of Western thought out of their curricula, and when the politicians preside happily over a multicultural rewriting of America's history that denies or downplays its Western roots, no one can plausibly deny that an anti- Western impulse is working itself out.

This liberal revolution is an assault on the institutions invented by classical and constitutional liberalism in its great creative phase--not merely the free market, but also individual rights, free scientific inquiry, free speech, the rule of law, majority rule, democratic accountability, and national sovereignty. It promises, of course, not to abolish these liberal institutions so much as to ``transcend'' them or to give them ``real substance'' rather than mere formal expression. In reality, however, they are abolished, and replaced by different institutions derived from a different political philosophy. John Fonte of the Hudson Institute has mapped out the contours of this revolution in a series of important essays, and most importantly in ``Liberal Democracy vs. Transnational Progressivism.'' What follows in the next few paragraphs borrows heavily from his work, though the formulations are mine. Among the more important changes advanced by transnational proressivism (as I shall here follow Fonte in calling it) are:

One: The replacement of individual identities and rights by group identities and rights Race and gender quotas are the most obvious expression of this concept, but its implications run much furthher--suggesting, for instance, that groups as such have opinions or, in the jargon, ``perspectives.'' Individuals who express opinions that run counter to the perspectives of their group, therefore, cannot really represent the group.

Two: An attack upon majority rule as the main mechanism of democratic government. Majority rule, its opponents contend, gives insufficient weight to minority or ``victim'' groups, and should be replaced by a power-sharing arrangement among different groups. This ambitious concept has not been totally enacted anywhere, but steps towards it have been taken. The Voting Rights Act, for example, requires that election districts be drawn in such a way as to ensure specific racial outcomes; and some European nations have recently introduced laws requiring political parties to ensure that a given percentage of their election candidates are women.

Three: Transferring power from political institutions directly accountable to the voters, such as Congress, to judges, bureaucratic agencies, and international organizations outside the control of the voters. Originally, this transfer of power required the consent of the elected bodies; increasingly, however, judges interpret international law, including treaties that have not been ratified or that have been greatly expanded in scope since ratification, as overriding domestic law. This process, still in its nervous infancy in the U.S., is far advanced in the European Union-- where the courts have overruled national legislatures on issues as different as territorial fishing rights and the right of soldiers to become pregnant. If allowed to continue, this trend must first erode and eventually render obsolete both national sovereignty and self-government.

Four: De-constructing and re-constructing the self- understanding of America. Every nation has a sense of itself and its history that is embedded in a national narrative marked by heroic episodes. In this traditional narrative, America is the progressive universalization of English civilization--Magna Carta expanded to accommodate slaves, and later immigrants, and enriched by the cultures they brought with them. It is therefore a branch of a branch of Western civilization; but multiculturalism seeks to undermine this self-understanding and to replace it with an entirely different narrative, in which America is seen as a ``convergence'' of European, African, and Amerindian civilizations (and therefore the natural basis for a political system based on group identities and rights). This re-constructionist impulse has become the orthodoxy in many public schools.

Five: Re-constructing the people by mass immigration from other cultures. As long as new immigrants are assimilated into the existing nation, no problem arises; if assimilation fails to occur, the nation is gradually dissolved into a Babel of different cultural groups with conflicting allegiances. Under existing law, however, assimilation is not only made difficult by the sheer numbers of people arriving, it is also discouraged by official policies of multiculturalism and bilingualism.

Six: Divorcing citizenship from nationality and bestowing the rights of citizens--including the right to vote--on all residents in the nation, including illegal immigrants. According to this theory, citizenship should be carried on an immigrant's back to whichever nation he manages to sneak into. If seriously implemented in law, it would transform nations into mere places of residence; the symbol of this kind of citizenship is Mohamed Atta, the hijacker who destroyed the World Trade Center.

In the post-national world Fonte described, nations are no longer peoples united by a common history and culture, and ``the mystic chords of memory''; they are simply the varied inhabitants of an arbitrary piece of real estate. Political authority is no longer constitutionally limited and located in particular national institutions; it is diffuse, and scattered among bodies at different levels. Politicians no longer have to take responsibility for hard decisions; they can pass them onto higher organs of unaccountable power. Civic patriotism is no longer the prime civic virtue; it is displaced either downwards, by a narrow ethnic loyalty, or upwards, by a cosmopolitan loyalty to international institutions.

But a terrible beauty has not been born. Instead, Leviathan, by dividing itself up into several spheres, has slipped free of constitutional restraints and popular control. For the ordinary voter the world has become a mysterious place, far more difficult to navigate, let alone control. For political elites, it has become a market in power in which bureaucrats, pressure groups, businesses, and international lawyers exchange favors behind a veil of post- national irresponsibility.

For years, this progressivist revolution proceeded rapidly, chiefly because the public was paying little or no attention to it. But whenever it emerged into the light of controversy--as when Lani Buiner's nomination led to the revelation that law professors believed in something like John C. Calhoun's ``concurrent majorities''--the public reacted violently against it. The typical lack of public interest was due in part to the GOP's nervous reluctance to raise such issues as racial preferences, bilingual education, or even the International Criminal Court. Although conservatism dictated a principled defense of the Constitution against these attacks, the Republicans backed off. In effect, they went from ignoring such assaults under Reagan, to going along with them quietly under George H. W. Bush; to even embracing some of them with a show of enthusiasm under George W. Bush. If the revolution were to be stopped, the political equivalent of a thunderbolt would be required.

To everyone's horror, that thunderbolt was delivered, in the form of the attack on September 11; as everyone agrees, that changed everything. In particular it revealed that America had deep reserves of patriotism and that there was a wide, though not universal, desire for national unity. In one terrifying moment, it created or revived constituencies for a firm assimilationist approach, for tighter immigration policies that protected U.S. security, for a reading of American history as the narrative of a great achievement, and for the celebration of U.S. power against all the recently fashionable follies of post-nationalism. In foreign policy, the Bush administration met this public appetite with a clear declaration of war on terrorism, and a clear military strategy for waging it; it has been rewarded for this with high popular support.

In domestic policy, however, it has been largely inert-- preferring to constrain liberties internally rather than to strengthen protections against external threats. In the less tangible but vitally important matter of national unity and moral, it has concentrated entirely on (very proper) warnings against anti-Muslim sentiment--but without asking for expressions of loyalty from Muslim leaders or, more generally, asking immigrant communities to make a public commitment of their loyalty to the American nation. That is a profound mistake. Most immigrants would be happy to make such a commitment; it is America's cultural elites who would resist it most strongly.

But then, they are the shock troops of post-national progressivism; and they would realize that the demand for loyalty would be an unmistakable sign that America had recovered complete confidence in itself, in its own institutions of constitutional democracy, and in its historical mission. Without such a demand, moreover, many decent moderate people might drift idly into the kind of multicultural extremisms that helped shelter the World Trade Center attackers. For, as Americans above all should know, you can't beat something with nothing.

This, then, is a moment of great significance and opportunity in American politics. Democracy and the nation- state are the Siamese twins of political theory; democracy rarely survives apart from its twin. Every attempt to create a multicultural democracy either has failed or is deeply troubled. Bush could very reasonably weave a national appeal around the theme of defending American democracy--with equal emphasis on both words. It would resonate strongly with the American majority; command the support of many voters in minority groups; provide the GOP with a raft of popular domestic policies; and attract Democratic constituencies such as patriotic blue-collar workers. and if such an appeal is not make, the progressivist revolution is going to end up winning.

TOPICS: Constitution/Conservatism; Culture/Society; Government; Philosophy
KEYWORDS: civilization; deathcultivation; democracy; un

1 posted on 06/21/2002 6:43:33 PM PDT by cascademountaineer
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To: cascademountaineer
Excellent piece -- thanks for posting it.

We gotta get into the game, folks!

2 posted on 06/21/2002 7:08:42 PM PDT by oneday
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To: cascademountaineer
3 posted on 06/21/2002 7:10:48 PM PDT by rmlew
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To: cascademountaineer
Good post but one of the things listed which was not a part of classical civilization was "majority rule" or mob rule. Its not a good thing.
4 posted on 06/21/2002 7:11:13 PM PDT by weikel
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5 posted on 06/21/2002 7:20:42 PM PDT by cornelis
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To: cascademountaineer
This article hits upon something that I've been saying for some time: the political, cultural, and economic elites in America (and across the Western world) have adopted a philsophy of hatred towards western culture (and western people in particular). Every idea they hold, from uncontrolled immigration, to multicultural education, to affirmative action, has, as its unifying principle, an underlying dedication to the destruction of Western culture and Western man.

Ironically, their agenda of hatred will ultimately result in the destruction of many of the values that they claim to hold dear (will a muslim majority in europe tolerate feminism and gays? will an hispanic southwest give a hoot about some endangered plant? will an african majority in swaths of american territory demonstrate the same tolerance for other races?). The answers to these questions are obvious...but the passion to destroy the West has become so pathological in our elites that they are blinded by the ultimate results of their quest.

A healthy nation would have closed its borders and halted immigration within hours of the 9/11 attacks. Instead, our borders continue to be a perverse joke, and our elites spend most of their time 1) watering down the constitutional rights of american citizens 2) lecturing the unwashed masses of americans against any form of bigotry against those groups responsible for the attacks.

Things are not looking good. I'm reminded of the engraving on the sun dial at Oxford University: "Its later than you think"

6 posted on 06/21/2002 7:24:54 PM PDT by quebecois
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To: quebecois
Well said.
7 posted on 06/21/2002 8:26:33 PM PDT by nathanbedford
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To: cascademountaineer
Welcome to the New World Order. Perhaps the sheeples here will read this and have their eyes opened? NAH.
8 posted on 06/22/2002 1:12:45 AM PDT by brat
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To: cascademountaineer; monkeyshine; ipaq2000; Lent; veronica; Sabramerican; beowolf; Nachum; BenF; ...

9 posted on 06/22/2002 1:16:46 AM PDT by dennisw
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To: cascademountaineer
Fine piece, but will the Neo-conmen go for this attack on "universalism?" Burnham himself noted that the Neo-cons would probably be stuck with that Leftist perversion and hence would never attain any sort of meaningful conservatism in the face of their Leftist counterparts that they had so recently parted company with.

We in the West are in the midst of a mania or mass delusion (Diversity) that of course does us no good and what no one can justify yet it exists and is quite entrenched as a popular psychological mass delusion. Till the event or series of events come along that destroy its power there will be no effective WOT and surely no "Clash of Civilizations." 9/11 nicked the mass delusion of diversity but its institutions went into high gear (Religion of Peace) and it still holds sway, will the second half of our "double dip" recession which will be deep bring on the cynicism, skepticism and revulsion of diversity needed to bring it down?

Succinctly "Diversity" needs a heavy dose of ridicule from the top of our society down to the masses, but if Diversity succeeds I suggest get an offshore bank account.

10 posted on 06/22/2002 8:23:18 AM PDT by junta
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To: cascademountaineer; dennisw; Lucius Cornelius Sulla; semper_libertas; headsonpikes; Zon
dennisw -- thanks for the ping.

This is such an important work I wish I could start my own thread. If I were not overwhelmed by personal trials, I'd expand this thesis to show how strongly it supports my patent hypothesis. I cannot do it justice now, but I'll pass along my cursory outline to a few of you who are familiar with my ideas. I ask for you to please direct the seed of my thoughts here to others who may have the time and inclination.

[ We've all witnessed this: those of any group who do not promote the Progressive agenda are labeled Uncle Toms, Uncle Thomases, Female impersonators, etc. This also serves as a signal to the lowest of the low (i.e., media allies) so they will know who is and is not "an annoited one." Individuals thus are, even more than in the past, forced to join and conform to group think, or have absolutely no say in their own and children's future.] [And, of course, those who have been labeled as the Uncle Toms of their group are not, QED, properly representative. This is how Progressivism propagates. It speaks softly but carries a big stick (the extremist element, of whom they always softly suggest, have a point). And since "everybody knows" who is and is not properly representative, this is proclaimed as accurate. Progressives know how well propaganda and indoctrination work -- why they've taken over the schools. Yet again I recommend to any and all C.S.Lewis' early insight (1943) into to this The Abolition of Man. Lewis said the aim was to level all the working institutions, and we've seen his warnings incrementally evolve in our lifetimes.] [It's pointed out often that judges are the most autocratic part of our form of government. Our checks and balances are meant to keep them in line. But need I point out that courts are the provinces of lawyers, and that lawyers and their allies are predominantly represented in the other branches of government too? As a result, little seems to be done to reform those legal precedence which hurt the society from the individual's point of view. It is worthy of a much larger discussion that non-lawyers get a chance to review case law, say by plebiscite every 10 years, to override yet again this overarching control of law only by lawyers. But not until we find a way to overcome the propaganda. Long live FR.] [See C.S. Lewis yet again.]

[Isn't it interesting what our erstwhile rulers have learned from the Bible? In the Genesis narrative, all men spoke the same language and were able and intent on, under Nimrod, to challenge God by building the Tower of Babel "to reach to the heavens." Then God struck down their tower and confused their language so they could not challenge Him again. Our erstwhile "new" gods understand from that how Babelization can be made to work so as to keep their positions from being challenged.] [This one seems a bit redundant, in that O'Sullivan already has made the case about the point of Transnationalism being the Progressive aim, and it naturally promotes the Babelization aim in the process. But it adds to the equation the illegimization of national borders by transnationalist organizations like the UN and ICC. In the process of designating "official groups," the utopian progressives need to break down the old groups, such as the ones which maintain nationalist identity. Their intent for reformation of institutions obviously has no bounds except for the obvious one: That which constitutes what makes one a true Progressive. Or at least that's what their most useful idiots think. <VBG>]

Given time I can support the germaine thesis that this all, more or less, fits well with my hypothesis about the Progressive "geniuses" who I frequently call Mathusian driven Megalomaniacal Misanthropes (or somesuch variation <G>) are looking to level 95% of humanity.

This work suggests the Progressives are looking to build some kind of International Noah's Ark before their radical Islamic allies help them carry out the bloodshed.

11 posted on 06/22/2002 12:00:37 PM PDT by Avoiding_Sulla
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To: Avoiding_Sulla
This work suggests the Progressives are looking to build some kind of International Noah's Ark before their radical Islamic allies help them carry out the bloodshed.'

This is another example of why I believe that the decay has reached the point that a reestablishment of our political order may not be possible. It may be that we are only in the position of Hari Seldon, in Azimov's Foundation stories, unable to restore what has been lost, but able to affect history so that the Dark Night will be shorter than it otherwise would be. In other words, to weaken or destroy the enemy that would be most able to establish an evil future, so that after we are gone, our posterity would get a chance to re-establish decent government.

12 posted on 06/22/2002 12:33:32 PM PDT by Lucius Cornelius Sulla
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To: Lucius Cornelius Sulla
LCS I've read all five of Asimov's books, and understand his drift well. All politics carries momentum, and any changes must be instituted at an early enough time to affect a change downstream. It's a scientist's view of social engineering, not a God fearers nor an engineer's. He avoided any supernatural being until the later two novels (a Gaia planet!) and, if you buy into what he was pitching, I now understand your funk.

I lost respect for Asimov when he joined with the rest of the establishment cabal who tried mightily to velify Einstein's friend Velikovsky. Basically in that charade, by disingenuosly rewriting some key Velikovskian chemistry, he helped deliver the standard Progressive warning to bright young candidates to whom they give but one warning: "You shouldn't have said that!" And since that eye-opening experience, I have reevaluated Asimov's great novels with a new view. I recommend the same to you. You, unlike Asimov, believe in God.

13 posted on 06/22/2002 1:24:07 PM PDT by Avoiding_Sulla
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To: Avoiding_Sulla
'And since that eye-opening experience, I have reevaluated Asimov's great novels with a new view. I recommend the same to you.'

If we can't get ideas from non-believers we will lose a lot of worthwhile thinking. I was annoyed with Azimov not so much by the fact of his atheism, as for the attitude behind it. In one of his monthly columns, he said that he rejected the idea of God because he found the idea that there was any power higher than man to be repugnant. His later non-fiction writing was full of bitterness, which I found regrettable, but knew resulted from his deliberate, hubristic, non-belief.

The thinking behind the Foundation stories derived of course from a reading of 'The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire', by Gibbon, another atheist with worthwhile ideas. I think that anyone can recognize, and reject, the overly mechanistic approach in the Foundation series, without rejecting the idea that societies are affected by historical circumstances, and have their own life cycles.
14 posted on 06/22/2002 1:39:13 PM PDT by Lucius Cornelius Sulla
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To: cascademountaineer
Awesome!! Thanks for sharing!!

Have you noticed the biggest Anti-Westerners are those in the West? Can you say..MOVE?

15 posted on 06/22/2002 1:40:24 PM PDT by MoJo2001
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To: cascademountaineer
bump for later
16 posted on 06/22/2002 2:00:04 PM PDT by Fzob
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To: *Death Cultivation
Avoiding Sulla's commentary at #11 says the six points of O'Sullivan's main article reveal more of the Anti-God plans of the Progressive intelligentsia.

Formation of an International Noah's Ark ruled by ubermenschen? Followed by nuclear cleansing or Armageddon?

Hey, it's not my idea -- go speak to your local enviro-wackos!

17 posted on 06/22/2002 2:22:42 PM PDT by Avoiding_Sulla
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To: rmlew; Fzob
Thanks for the Bumps.
18 posted on 06/22/2002 11:28:05 PM PDT by cascademountaineer
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To: oneday; rmlew; quebecois; junta; Lucius Cornelius Sulla; MoJo2001; Avoiding_Sulla; dennisw; brat; ..
Some of you may also be interested in John Fonte's The Ideological War Within The West. It covers many of the same issues and makes for very interesting reading, highly reccomended.
19 posted on 06/22/2002 11:33:22 PM PDT by cascademountaineer
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To: cascademountaineer
Bookmark Bump
20 posted on 06/22/2002 11:37:04 PM PDT by Cacique
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