Skip to comments.Historic importance of Arabs of Palestine in WW2. Not just the Mufti case...
Posted on 10/15/2020 11:26:17 AM PDT by Freeleesy
Michael J Cohen, Britain's Moment in Palestine: Retrospect and Perspectives, 1917-1948 - (2014), p.404
Porath's pioneering study of Palestinian Arab nationalism concluded: The Nazi leanings of the Husaynis were not coincidental. The bestial anti-Jewish attitudes of the Nazis drew the attention of the Palestinian Arab nationalists who regarded the Nazis as natural allies against the Jews. ...
It was due to Nazi reticence. A Nazi Party decree of June 1934 had denied membership of foreign Nazi parties to non-Germans...
In 1933, Joseph Francis, the Palestine correspondent of al-ahram, wrote on behalf of a group of Palestinian Arabs to Heinrich Wolff, the German consul in Jerusalem (193335), asking for his aid in forming a local Arab Nazi party..
Michael J Cohen, "Britain's Moment in Palestine: Retrospect and Perspectives, 1917-1948", (Routledge, Feb 24, 2014)
On 2 July 1942, the second day of the first battle of El Alamein, the Mufti's supporters organized a public meeting in Nablus, in order to congratulate each other on the approaching victory and to wish the Mufti a long life...
On the same day in July, Cohen reported that the Arabs had received news about the fate of the Jews in Europe with open joy. They expressed the hope that the Germans would conquer Palestine and liberate them from the Jews. Some of the moderate minority refused to believe the news, arguing that it was merely Jewish propaganda designed to capture the sympathy of the world, that it was inconceivable that a country of Germany's cultural level could commit atrocities such as those being reported.
Even after Rommel's defeat in the second battle of El Alamein, give up hope that the Germans would conquer the Middle East. On 28 November 1942, Cohen reported that the Mufti's supporters were spreading exaggerated news of Rommel's advances into Egypt, causing great rejoicing. The Husaynis' support for the Mufti remained solid, and at times turned violent.
In 1943, Abd Al-Qader al-Muzzafar, a former Mufti supporter with a Molotov cocktail after criticizing the Mufti's alliance with the Nazi regime.
Hillel Cohen, "Army of Shadows: Palestinian Collaboration with Zionism, 19171948" (University of California Press, Jan 3, 2008), p.165.
Opinion surveys conducted at the time (apparently the first ever conducted among the Arabs of Palestine) showed widespread support for the Germans. Sari al-Sakakini, the son of writer and political activist Khalil al-Sakakini, conducted surveys in the course of his work at the U.S. consulate in Jerusalem. He asked hundreds of Arabs about their attitudes on the war and the opposing camps. In February 1941, 88 percent of those polled expressed support for Germany, while only 9 percent supported England. The principal factor affecting their opinion, the people surveyed said, was the future of Palestine and the chance that it would be handed over to the Jews. In other words, they believed that Great Britain would continue to act in favor of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, up to and including the establishment of a Jewish state, and that Germany would not do so. Some of the consulate's documents reached the Jewish Agency and can be found in the Central Zionist Archives. On thisspecific survey, see Poll, [February 1941], CZA S25/ 9226.
Muzzie SS brigade.
“Composed of Bosnian Muslims (ethnic Bosniaks) with some Catholic Croat soldiers and mostly German and Yugoslav Volksdeutsche (ethnic German) officers and non-commissioned officers, it took an oath of allegiance to both Adolf Hitler and the Croatian leader Ante Pavelic.”
“ earned a reputation for brutality and savagery”
And it was through those Middle East contacts that many of the Nazis escapes from Germany to other destinations like Argentina. The Muslim Brotherhood was a fifth column for Germany in Egypt before and after WWII. We are still fighting that war today.
New Jersey Jewish News - January 4, 1963
"Arab Spokesnen Help The Cause of Israel". By Robert E. Segal
Fourteen years after the Palestine Conciliation Commision tried to establish peace between Israel and the Arab states that made war on the Jewish state a borning, the ghost of Adolf Hitler haunts the halls of the United Nations. Hitler's shrill voice has bellowed through Ahmad Shukairy... Shukairy made the mistake of saluting the Tacuara... Praise of Argentina's fascistic Tacuara movement brought instant criticism from the Argentine and Chilean delegates, thoroughly enbarrased by this aping of Hitler's methods in their countries... Tacuara is symptomatic also of the influence of nazis who have hidden out in Latin American nations ever since Hitler pulled the scaffolding of destruction down upon him and his murderous cohorts. It is significant, too, that one of the chief spokesmen for the Arabs crudely saluted the Tacuara; for again and again it has been established that old nazi hands are active in the United Arab Reublic .... helping especially in putting into action the nazi propaganda weapons of the big lie, the wide smear, and the shrill threat.
Link to 1963 article:
The Hitler Book Helga Zepp-LaRouche, John Sigerson 1984 · Biography & Autobiography
Strasser advocated a "German-Soviet alliance"... It was later adopted, however, in the form of the 1939 Hitler-Stalin Pact.
One of the most important advocates of this alliance was Hitler's personal secretary, Martin Bormann, who is often rumored to have been a Soviet agent. But the policy was also supported by Von Sebottendorf and a key geopolitical strategist of the Third Reich, Prof. Karl Haushofer.
Under such influences, Hitler, who had written in Mein Kampf that he considered the Arabs an inferior race, was induced to change his attitude, especially after his meeting with the blond and blue-eyed Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Hitler decided to back the Grand Mufti, and after the meeting proclaimed that there were many similarities between Nazism and the Islam of the Mufti. No wonder that an Arab delegation sent to Hitler in the mid-1930s stated that if the Arabs not been defeated in 732 at Poitiers, then "Islam would have certainly taken over Europe. The German tribes would have been converted, and there is no doubt at all that the Muslim-Germanic tribe would have represented the spearhead of the Islamic movement. Islam is tailor-made for the Germans.
Hitler took up these ideas in many of his musings on religion, declaring on one occasion that We have the bad luck to have the wrong religion. Why don't we have the religion of the Japanese? ... Even Islam would more suited us than Christianity...."
Ahmed Huber, in his recent recollections of the meeting between Hitler and the Grand Mufti, explained briefly that the Grand Mufti had attempted to do everything conceivable to induce Hitler to convert to Islam, "in order to make him realize that his goals could be better served through a universal community of belief; but Hitler was not smart enough to understand this..."
The Third Reich and the War
When the war was declared, the Third Reich had at its disposal numerous organizations in the Middle East. The most important of these was the Party of the Arab Nation of the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. This was a secret organization which had branches throughout the entire region and which worked for the unification of the Arab nation under the leadership of the Grand Mufti. The concept resembled that if the Baath Party founded in the early 1940s by Michel Aflaq who is said to have been strongly influenced by the Grand Mufti and by Nazism. In Palestine itself, a key ally of the Mufti's party was the old Temple Society, which had been founded in Stuttgart in 1856 as a splinter group of the German Lutheran Church under the influence of the later Anthroposophs.
The Temple Society was an association of German settlers in Palestine who believed they were the chosen people who could return Palestine to its ancient splendor.
Although they were looked upon with suspicion during the days of the empire, the order was later instrumental in altering the Third Reich's initial idea of banishing all Jews to Palestine. Several delegations of the Society traveled to Berlin to strongly protest against the immigration of Jews into the region, and they shared the Mufti's opposition to the establishment of Jewish settlements.
In alliance with the British Protectorate of Palestine, the Temple Society and the Mufti saw to it that the numerous ships filled with Jewish refugees fleeing from the Nazis via Bulgarian and Romanian ports were all turned back. This was a replication of the racist policy of the Harriman's Eugenics Research Association, which oversaw the drastic curtailment of Jewish immigration into the United States, and who in one instance turned back a ship full of Jewish refugees. sending them to certain death.
Another fascist organization was the secret society of the Golden Square under Rashid Ali Geilani in Iraq. In Egypt, there were the Young Men's Muslim Association and the Workers' Syndicate led by King Farouk's uncle, Prince Abbas Hilmi; the Green Shirt movement of Ahmed Hussein and Mohammed Ali Alaba, the theoretician behind the idea of a Great Nile Kingdom; and the Young Egypt movement. In the Syrian-Lebanese region, the Arab clubs had been established as early as the 1930s as a vehicle for Nazi propaganda. In 1937 these clubs invited the leader of the Hitler Youth, Baldur von Schirach, on a journey to the region.
A good indication of the atmosphere on the eve of the Second World War is a declaration of Sami al-Jundi, leader of the Syrian Baath Party and the League of Nationalist Action, a pan-Arabist pro-Nazi organization in Damascus:
We are fascinated by Nazism, we study its writings and intellectual sources--especially Nietzsche, Fichte, and [Houston Stewart] Chamberlain. And we are the first to have seriously considered translating Mein Kampf. Anyone who lives in Damascus can appreciate the force of attraction Nazism exerts upon the Arabic people, and Nazism's ability to rouse the people to action. It is totally natural that the vanquished admires the vanquished....How Nazi thought was transplanted into the Arabic movement is expressed in a declaration by Dr. Sami Shawkat, the mid-1930s Director General of Education in Baghdad:
There is something more important than money and learning, which preserves the honor of a nation and prevents its debasement. This is strength.... Strength, as I use the word here, signifies the overcoming of death . . . . Sixty years ago Prussia dreamed of uniting the German people. What is there to prevent Iraq, which fulfilled its longing for independence ten years ago, from now realizing the dream of unifying all the Arab countries together?
Nazi influence in Syria The Second World War had an immediate and direct effect on Syria....
Prominent nationalists in Syria took up Hitler's cause, notably the youth leader Fakhri al- Barudi, and the Damascus notable Shukri al-Quwatli, aided by King Farouk of Egypt, who was also vehemently pro-Nazi.
One vehicle for advancing Nazi goals in Syria was al-Nadi al-Arabi (The Arab Club) a secular organization that preached Arab nationalism and emancipation from European control.
It was founded by Said Fattah al-Imam, a young Syrian educated in Berlin during the inter-war years, who was close to both Quwatli and Barudi. In 1936, Imam travelled twice to Germany, once even meeting personally with Hitler to try to talk him in to shipping arms to the Palestinians and Syrians so that they could use them to fight off the British and the French.
In December 1937 Hitler dispatched his youth leader Balder von Schirach to Damascus to single out potential allies for Nazi Germany in the Middle East.
Accompanied by a delegation of 15 Nazi officials, he met with Imam, Quwatli and Barudi, hammering out an alliance between them and the Third Reich. In June 1938, Hitler sent another official, Walter Beck, to Damascus to offer 70 scholarships to Syrian students wanting to pursue their college education in Berlin. In February 1939, a third Nazi, von Hentig, came to Syria to request that 'friends of Germany' assist in spreading Nazi propaganda in the Arab world.
A paramilitary organization called the Steel Shirts was set up in Syria by Fakhri al- Barudi in the mid-1930s, inspired by the disciplined armies of Hitler and Mussolini in Europe.
It trained young men to become 'three- dimensional citizens,' similar to Renaissance men like Leonardo da Vinci. They were drilled in sports, music, maths, sculpture, art, poetry and tools of combat. They were also given a military uniform, which looked hauntingly like the Nazi uniform, and an armband with a torch-bearing hand, similar to the Nazi swastika.
In the absence of a national army (the French had abolished the Syrian Army in 1920) the Steel Shirts were mandated to protect the different neighbourhoods of Damascus from crime, theft and French malpractice.
One of the prime figures who helped orchestrate the SyrianNazi relationship was Hajj Amin al- Husseini, a Palestinian nationalist who had served in the 1920s as Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Like Said Fattah al-Imam, he too was a close friend of both Quwatli and Barudi.
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