THE MUFTI HAJ AMIN AL-HUSSEINI LEADER OF ARAB PALESTINE
1. Pushed to the Hebron 1929 massacre where an Arab "mob slaughtered 63 Jews while over 400 were saved by local Arab families"
['This Week in History: The 1929 Hebron Massacre,' by Micharl Omer-Man, Jerusalem Post, Aug. 26, 2011 https://m.jpost.com/features/in-thespotlight/this-week-in-history-the-1929-hebron-massacre/] , ['MOSLEMS DENOUNCE MUFTI OF PALESTINE; Opposition Group Holds Him Responsible for the Recent Jewish-Arab Clashes. AMBITION GIVEN AS MOTIVE Populace Growing impatient at the Decay in Punishing Those Guilty of Attacks.' By Joseph M. Levy. Staff Correspondent of the New York Times, Sept. 19, 1929 https://www.nytimes.com/1929/09/19/archives/moslems-denounce-mufti-of-palestine-opposition-group-holds-him.html]
2. Helped in Nazi pushed (Futuwwah Arab Nazi led) massacre of Jews in Iraq 1941. The FARHUD, where between 189-780 Jews died, 1,000 injured by futuwwah Arab Nazi gang
[Edwin Black : 'The Farhud: Roots of the Arab-Nazi Alliance During the Holocaust,' C-Span, Dec.19.2010 https://www.c-span.org/video/?297544-1/the-farhud-roots-arab-nazi-alliance-holocaust], ['By the Rivers of Babylon,' Khalid Kishtainy, Quartet, 2008, pp.76,90 https://books.google.com/books?id=_cUgAQAAIAAJ&q=farhud+shavuot], ['Farhud memories: Baghdad's 1941 slaughter of the Jews.' By Sarah EhrlichReporter, Witness, BBC, 1 June 2011 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-13610702]
3. In organizing SS Nazi Muslim division in Yugoslavia especially detriment to Hungarian Jews.
['The Arab chapter of the Holocaust,' By Dr. M. Kedar, IsraelHayom, May, 2, 2019 https://www.israelhayom.com/opinions/the-arab-chapter-of-the-holocaust/] And to Christians in the Balkan ['Britain's Moment in Palestine: Retrospect and Perspectives, 1917-1948,' Michael J Cohen, Routledge, Feb 24, 2014 , p.433 https://books.google.com/books?id=DLPpAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA433]
4. Met Adolf Hitler in November-28-1941,
whose agents had to convince themselves he is not "pure arab" in blood ['The Arabs and the Holocaust: The Arab-Israeli War of Narratives,' Gilbert Achcar, Henry Holt and Company, Apr 27, 2010, p.156 https://books.google.com/books?id=3q5dFD61V5oC&pg=PA156] yet, the nazi leader still refused to shake his hand ['Britain's Unfulfilled Mandate for Palestine,' Nick Reynold, Lexington Books, Jun 12, 2014, p.237 https://books.google.com/books?id=BqbcAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA237] or drink coffee with him ['The Evasive Neutral: Germany, Britain, and the Quest for a Turkish Alliance in the Second World War,' Frank G. Weber, University of Missouri Press, 1979, p.104 https://books.google.com/books?id=MORmAAAAMAAJ&dq=&q=%22endorse%22] for considering Arabs inferior. They agreed on cooperation against Jews. ['The Mufti of Jerusalem,' Philip Mattar, 1992, p.102 https://books.google.com/books?id=XH8qTS5xNUIC&pg=PA102]
5. Broadcasted over the airways to the Muslim world anti Jewish incitement to kill Jews.
['A Genealogy of Evil: Anti-Semitism from Nazism to Islamic Jihad,' David Patterson, Cambridge University Press, Oct 18, 2010, p.258 https://books.google.com/books?id=lMLmK-fmf8kC&pg=PA258],['Jihad and International Security,' J. Roshandel, S. Chadha, 2006, p.31 https://books.google.com/books?id=SKF_DAAAQBAJ&pg=PA31], ['The Control Factor: Our Struggle to See the True Threat,' Bill Siegel, 2012, p.114 https://books.google.com/books?id=w3D-Od9r198C&pg=PA114]
6. Prevented rescue of children of Bialystok, 1943
['The Jews of Bialystok During World War II and the Holocaust,' Sara Bender, UPNE, 2008, p.273 https://books.google.com/books?id=DSkendQVMbcC&pg=PA273], ['Jews for Sale?: Nazi-Jewish Negotiations, 1933-1945,' p.88 Yehuda Bauer, Yale University Press, 1994 https://books.google.com/books?id=r-Xw_mwUrawC&pg=PA88]
7. Under his leadership, the 1944 Atlas-Operation failed, where (some estimate) "a quarter of million people would have died if the plot had succeeded".
['Hitler's war against Jews continues in 'Palestine',' by Richard Mather, Jerusalem Post, March.11.2015 https://www.jpost.com/blogs/the-view-from-the-uk/hitlers-war-against-jews-continues-in-palestine-394103]
Among his admirers, was:
Sufi Hamid [What Went Wrong?..., Murray Friedman, Simon and Schuster, Sep 11, 2007, p.93 https://books.google.com/books?id=gKzL6C1oO5QC&pg=PA93] , [Page 12-A The Jewish Floridian/Friday, January 10, 1986 https://ufdcimages.uflib.ufl.edu/AA/00/01/00/90/02971/00069.txt] (convert to Islam) in NY, known in the 1930's as Black Hitler calling to drive out Italians and Jews ['BLACK HITLER' JAILED TO AWAIT SENTENCE; Gorgeous Array of Sufi Abdul Hamid Avails Nought -- Found Guilty in Pamphlet Sale.' The New York Times, Jan. 16, 1935, p.7. ... His name, he said, was Sufi Abdul Hamid. A year ago he was acquitted in the same court when the police accused him of urging his Negro followers to drive the Jews and Italians out of Harlem. https://www.nytimes.com/1935/01/16/archives/black-hitler-jailed-to-await-sentence-gorgeous-array-of-sufi-abdul.html].
Among his hemchmen:
1. Issa Nakhleh, the liar holocaust denier already in 1972 [National Lampoon, 1973, p.58 https://books.google.com/books?id=wk0oAQAAMAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=nakhleh+%22lampoon%22] , [Jewish Observer and Middle East Review, Volume 2, p.7, William Samuel & Company Limited, 1972 https://books.google.com/books?id=4AENAQAAMAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=nazi+extermination] (uttering his vile lying denial, less than 3 decades after the horrors, while survivors are revictimized all over again). Then denying again in 1978 to disrupt the historic peace summit between Begin and Sadat at Camp David. [Icon of Evil: Hitler's Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam,' David G. Dalin, John F. Rothmann, Random House Publishing Group, Jun 24, 2008, p.120 https://books.google.com/books?id=dUz4AAAAQBAJ&pg=PA120]. Linked to major neo nazis, spoke at holocaust deniers IHR ['Holocaust Denial,' Kenneth Saul Stern, American Jewish Committee, 1993, p.170 https://books.google.com/books?id=MhtnAAAAMAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=%22nakhleh%22] on behalf of Muslim Congress ['The Holocaust Denial: Antisemitism, Racism & the New Right,' Gill Seidel, Beyond the Pale Collective, 1986, p.28 https://books.google.com/books?id=VMksAQAAIAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=%22nakhleh%22], worked with the neo Nazis ['The American Spectator,' Volume 19, 1986, p.20 https://books.google.com/books?id=hPUSAQAAMAAJ&q=%22nakhleh%22] , wrote for them and defended infamous denier Ditlieb.
2. Ahmad Shukairy, on the Nazi side during WW2 [Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress, United States. Congress, 1965, p.456 https://books.google.com/books?id=3Yah_o9r5V4C&pg=SL1-PA456], fighting for them in Mufti's fanatical gang [Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ..., Volume 107, Part 24, United States Congress 1961, p.5735 https://books.google.com/books?id=ijg4AQAAMAAJ&pg=SL1-PA5735], known for his calls for genocide [New Middle East, Issues 16-39, 1970, p.4 https://books.google.com/books?id=RmYeAAAAMAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=%22sweeping+of+the+Jews%22], ['What Is Future Of Palestine Liberation Forces,' Fort Lauderdale News, June 13, 1967, p.9 https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/272799116/] , [Two Palestinian dreams: Exterminate Israel and a real nation-state,' by Clifford D. May, Washington Times, February 4, 2020 https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2020/feb/4/two-palestinian-dreams-exterminate-israel-and-a-re], and for inventing ['History's Worst Serial Abusers,' CJnews, December 8, 2014 https://www.cjnews.com/perspectives/opinions/historys-worst-serial-abusers] apartheid slur in Oct.17.1961, a little over a year before he saluted Nazi gang [Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ..., By United States. Congress, 1965, Volume 111, Part 12, p.15916 https://books.google.com/books?id=AnIvbVsrlKUC&pg=PA15916], [Congress Bi-weekly, Volume 29, Issues 9-17, p.2, American Jewish Congress., 1962 https://books.google.com/books?id=AdAMAQAAMAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=%22Shukairy%22], which caused his removal ['Recall of Arab Delegate from U.N. is Sought; saluted Tacuara,' JTA, December 3, 1962 https://www.jta.org/1962/12/03/archive/recall-of-arab-delegate-from-u-n-is-sought-saluted-tacuara] from UN post.
'Have no doubt Hitler would have wiped out Arabs after Jews,' [Independent, 24 February 2007 12:11 AM https://web.archive.org/web/20181121205350/https://www.independent.ie/unsorted/features/have-no-doubt-hitler-would-have-wiped-out-arabs-after-jews-26277585.html]
MUFTI: 1920 POGROM
The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia ...: An Authoritative and ..., Volume 5, Isaac Landman, Louis Rittenberg, Simon Cohen - 1941, p.507
HUSSEINI , HAJ AMIN AL - , former Mufti of Jerusalem , one time head of the Moslem Supreme Council , and leader of the Arab anti-British , anti-Jewish opposition in Palestine and in the Near East , b. Jerusalem, Palestine , 1893 .
... His speeches, pamphlets and articles in the newspaper Suria al Jenobia ( Southern Syria ) were primarily responsible for the outbreak of the 1920 pogrom in Jerusalem ..
Mufti of Jerusalem; the Story of Haj Amin El Husseini - Page 12 - Moshe Pearlman - 1947
Aref was alleged to have been the person in command of the attackers . Haj Amin · was charged with incitement to violence . The spark was said to have been touched off by his inflammatory articles in the newspaper Suriyah al Janubiyah.
Bangladesh Historical Studies, 1979, Volume 4, p.77
The emergence of Haj Amin al ... He was frank and open in his views and had strong hatred against the Jews and the British.
He became prominent in 1920 riots . Haj - Amin became Mufti of Jerusalem in 1921 and President of the Supreme Muslim Council in 1922
(Maurice Pearlman: Mufti of Jerusalem : The story of Haj Amin al - Husaini London , 1947 , pp. 12-15).
The Evening Star, Bradford, Pa., Wednesday Evening:, June 12, 1946. Page Three
The Grand Mufti Is on the Loose Again
By DEWITT MACKENZIE (Associated Press Foreign Affairs Analyst)
Word that the powerful grand mufti of Jerusalem who is anti everything that is British or Jewish has evaded surveillance in France and again is at large somewhere among the Moslems of the Middle East, isn't calculated to ease the crisis which has arisen in Palestine over the fiery problem of Jewish immigration.
The highly educated grand mufti is a dangerous man to those against whom he conspires. For many years he has been leader of the Arab campaign for an independent Palestine and against the establishment of a Jewish national home as promised by the British. And it is an ironic circumstance that it was Sir Herbert Samuel, first British high commissioner of Palestine under the league of Nations mandate, who appointed him mufti. The 53-year-old Haj Amin El Husseini to give him his name not only is spiritual head of Palestine's some 1,000,000 Moslem Arabs but is political leader as well.
Moreover his influence extends into Trans-Jordan, Iraq, Arabia, Egypt, Iran and Syria, for he is gifted with leadership, has a strong personality and is as crafty as a fox.
Most of his life. Husseini has made war on the Jews of Palestine.
Indeed in 1920, when his brother was grand mufti, he fled to Trans-Jordan after being sentenced to 10 years imprisonment for his part in anti-Jewish riots.
Next year the brother died and Haj Amin was granted amnesty, after which High Commissioner Samuel appointed him grand mufti, it being the custom for this high office to remain In the same family.
Banished in 1937
Finally in 1937 the British banished the grand mufti from Palestine. He took refuge first in Syria, and then in Iran and finally in Italy, keeping just ahead of the British forces as they occupied the Middle East in 1941.
Of course the grand mufti was welcomed by Mussolini with open arms, for both Il Duce and Hitler were doing their utmost to inflame the Moslems of the Middle East against the Allies.
He carried on his anti-British activities from Italy until he again was forced to flee, this time to France where ultimately he came under Allied control.
Now the grand mufti is loose again and is reported to have gone by air to Syria, but his whereabouts is a mystery.
It scarcely can be mere coincidence that the grand mufti has made this spectacular get-away as the moment nears when a decision must be made whether the Anglo-American Committee recommendation shall be carried out.
June 20 is the time set for both Jews and Arabs to give formal reports of their reactions to the recommendation.
Reclaiming Israel's History: Roots, Rights, and the Struggle for Peace - David Brog - 2017
THE RIOTS OF 1920 AND 1921
On March 7, 1920, the Syrian Arab Congress declared Syrian independence under the reign of King Feisal. Less than a month later, on April 4, tens of thousands of Arabs streamed into Jerusalem for the annual Nebi Musa festival. This religious celebration provided a perfect opportunity for Palestine's Arab nationalists to send a strong message to their British overlords.
They took to the streets carrying photos of King Feisal and demanding that the British cede Palestine cede Palestinewhich they called "Southern Syria"to the new monarch.
When the procession reached Jerusalem's Arab Club, a number of nationalist leaders appeared on the balcony to address the crowd below. Speaker after speaker demanded independence and unity with Syria.
They also called for violence against the Jews. Observers recalled hearing the crowd chant, Slaughter the Jews,21 We will drink the blood of the Jews," and Palestine is our land, the Jews are our dogs." In Arabic, this last phrase forms a rhyming couplet.
Thus incited, Arabs wielding knives, clubs, and stones burst into the Jewish quarter. They ransacked Jewish homes and looted Jewish stores. They raided synagogues and yeshivas and ripped up Torah scrolls. And they attacked any Jews they found.
By the time the riots finally ended several days later, 5 Jews had been killed and 211 had been wounded. Many of the female victims had been raped.
The British police quickly concluded that a young nationalist leader (and future Mufti), Amin al-Husseini, was responsible for the violence. A court found Husseini guilty of inciting the riots and sentenced him to ten years in prison. He evaded jail by fleeing to Damascus.
A year later, on May 1, 1921, Palestine's Arabs launched another round of violence against their Jewish neighbors. This time the Arabs of Jaffa went on the attack. Author... describes what followed:
"Arab men broke into Jewish buildings and murdered the occupants; women came afterward and looted. Bearing clubs, knives, swords, and in some cases pistols, Arabs attacked Jewish pedestrians and destroyed Jewish homes and stores. They beat and killed Jews, children included, in their homes; in some cases they split the victims' skulls open."
The attacks quickly spread from Jaffa to neighboring villages and beyond.
On the morning of May 5, two to three thousand Arab villagers and Bedouin attacked the Jewish town of Petach Tikvah. This time, however, the British intervened. British infantry, aided by armored cars and air support, turned back the Arab assault.
Two more attacks followed the next day. Several thousand Arabs from Ramle attacked the neighboring Jewish town of Rehovot, shouting, "Slaughter the Jews." Rehovot's residents successfully repelled the offensive. Further north, hundreds of Arabs from Tulkarem and its surrounding villages attacked the Jewish town of Hadera. Here the British intervened with infantry and air power to rout the invaders.
By the time the British had quelled the 1921 riots, 47 Jews had been killed and another 146 had been wounded.
The end of innocence
Some 100 years after the 1920 riots, which signified the opening shot in the Israeli-Arab conflict, what has changed? A great deal and very little.
By Nadav Shragai
Published on 05-01-2020 11:33
Last modified: 05-11-2020 12:52
April 19, 1920, on a train on his way to the San Remo Conference, Chaim Weizmann wrote to his wife, Vera, who was living in London: "My dear, the most terrible, awful thing has happened to us: A pogrom in Jerusalem, with all the accompanying signs of a pogrom
I am tired and shattered and exhausted and nauseated by it all. If the bayonets of the English had not stopped us, we would have overcome the Arabs on the first day, but the English dismantled the weapon of our self-defense and imprisoned our people, including Vladimir Yevgenyvich (Jabotinsky)."
Two weeks earlier, on the first day of the week of Passover, 1920, the riots broke out in Jerusalem and its environs. Today, they would be considered not much more than midsize terrorist attacks. "Only" seven people were killed and 200 injured. Still, it was the start of a new era; the opening shot of the Israeli-Arab conflict, and the first major non-criminal incident of an ethnoreligious nature.
A month earlier, Yosef Trumpeldor and five of his comrades had been killed at Tel Hai, but that battle had more to do with the Arabs' desire to fight against how Britain and France were splitting up the region and less to do with Jewish-Arab relations.
It's not that budding nationalism and fears of Zionism and aliyah hadn't been simmering among the Arabs already, but in 1920 they came into focus and took on clear political and religious angles. That same year saw the foundations for the religious aspect of the national conflict, especially on the Arab side under the leadership of the Grand Mufti Hajj Amin al-Husseini.
Husseini elevated the status of the mosques on the Temple Mount, using them for his political purposes and inventing the blood libel "Al-Aqsa is in danger," which even then falsely accused the Jews of intending to demolish the mosques on the Mount. The riots and the libel spurred the growth of the Palestinian national movement. In 1920 the seeds of the modern-day Palestinian outlook, which does not recognize Israel as the national state of the Jewish people, were sown. This worldview is willing to accept Judaism only as a dhimmi, a protected subservient religion, and not as a sovereign entity in an independent state.
The events opened the eyes of many Jews who had made the mistake of believing that the dispute between Arabs and Jews over the land would be limited to the "new" Jews, the ones who were arrived from abroad, whereas the veteran residents who had lived among Arabs for years would be spared any evil.
Historian Joseph Klausner noted that "Among the casualties and wounded were Jews of every ethnic background, of all classes, of all parties, Sephardim and Ashkenazim
devout rabbis and educated freethinkers. The enemy did not differentiate. Let us, therefore, stop differentiating between ourselves
The illusion that a foreign power could be trusted to defend us was also smashed. "We were told by the government that nothing bad would befall the Hebrew public, because the government would keep order and peace in the Land, and we believed it," Ha'aretz stated in an editorial that threw off the naiveté in the face of the new reality.
What happened in those days came as a complete and utter shock. They brought an end to innocence and, much more importantly, a start to the formation of an orderly military force and the realization that the organization HaShomer would no longer be enough. Eliyahu Golomb faced off with HaShomer and convinced David Ben-Gurion that it was time to build a much more extensive and orderly defensive force.
As a result, after 1920, defense forces in various towns and communities organized and formed the Haganah. It was still a small, scattered, and weak organization, and would become effective only a decade later. But 1920 marked the beginning.
The terminology changed, too. The writer Moshe Smilansky, for example, believed that the conflict was one "between two peoples." He and his friends in the Jewish Peace Alliance erred in thinking that it would be possible to establish a bi-national state in the Land of Israel that would be based on what the cultures had in common. Reality came knocking. In 1920, Jerusalem saw the first calls of "Itbah al-Yahoud" (Slaughter the Jews) or "Palestine is our country the Jews our dogs" calls that are still used.
The Arabs of the land began to call themselves "Palestinians," and the weapons the rioters used 100 years ago haven't changed, either: knives, iron pipes, rocks, and sticks.
It is worth noting that in 1920 no use was made of guns. A report by a British committee of inquiry set up to probe the riots described one of the characteristics of Palestinian terrorism, which would remain in the years to come: "All the evidence indicates that these attacks were of a cowardly and traitorous nature. Most of them were against the elderly, women, and children. Most were attacked from the back."
The creation of 'interests'
So what, if anything, has changed in the 100 years since then? Two days after Israel's 72nd Independence Day, Palestinian terrorism is not the existential threat it used to be, but it can still disrupt our lives. The terrorist organizations and many of those who carry out terrorism have not changed their goal: The eradication of the state of Israel. And that goal still rests on the worldview that Jews are not among the groups entitled to self-determination because Judaism is a religion, not a nationality.
Most of the expressions of reconciliation from the Arabs, including the peace treaties, were not the result of any recognition of our rights, but rather recognition of our power. At their base, they are the result of interests and the understanding that what the Jews built here will not be erased, that it's too late to turn the ship around and that it is better to have peaceful relations and cooperation with Israel than be an enemy.
That is what happened with Egypt and Jordan as well as with Saudi Arabia and various African countries and Persian Gulf states. There's no love story here, rather a story of mutual interests. Will it be different in the future?
In most cases, relations between peoples that are based on a combination of interests and proximity will stand the tests of time and history. But we shouldn't count on that combination.
The 100 years that have passed have taught us, sadly, that over time, the ethnoreligious conflict has pushed aside personal ties between Jews and Arabs. However, economic, military, intelligence or health interests have overcome the conflict itself. These are what have laid the basis for something else, which might someday lead to peace and not peace because of shared interests. A hundred years after the start of the conflict and 72 years after the state was founded, we need to make do with that. It's not nothing, and it's not something to be taken for granted.
Farhud - June-1941 pogrom on Jews in Iraq, only for being Jews:
Hitler's F. Grobba; Nazi propaganda over the airwaves; ex-Mufti al-Husseini; Rashid 'Ali; Syrian/Palestinisn teachers; Arab-Nazi Futuwwa gang; Iraqi police/army
Between 180 - 780 died and 1,000 injured
Carole L. Basri: 'The Jews of Iraq: A Forgotten Case of Ethnic Cleansing,' 2003, p.12
The official Iraqi Government report concerning the Farhud laid the blame for the slaughter on six sources.
First , the report noted the responsibility of the German Legation , for spreading sustained anti - Jewish Nazi propaganda under the direction of Dr . Fritz Grobba.
A second source of incitement was the Mufti of Jerusalem, Amin al-Husseni and his entourage, which accompanied him to Iraq in 1940 . As the report stated: "Once he was firmly established , he began disseminating Nazi propaganda with great cunning, while decrying the injustice done to Palestine and under the guise of Pan-Arabism and the Islamic religion."
Third , the report pointed to Palestinian and Syrian schoolteachers , installed in every school, who "poisoned the pupils' minds and turned them into instruments of their propaganda." Whenever they perceived that the government was taking any steps against Nazism, they went into action , arousing the students who would then go out in demonstrations and issue harmful manifestos. "The new government expelled these teachers."
Fourth , the report blamed the German Arabic - Language Radio Station, which also spread Nazi propaganda and whose persuasive power only increased after it was made legal by Rashid Ali.
Fifth, the report blamed antisemitic incitement broadcast by the Iraqi Broadcasting Station, which over the two months Rashid Ali was in control , "broadcast false reports about misdeeds in Palestine. The broadcasts contained patently inflammatory agitation against Jews and powerful appeals to A British intelligence Nazism."
A sixth element listed in the report were the Futuwwa and Youth Phalanxes , pro-Nazi paramilitary groups summed up the situation which had participated heavily in the Farhud .
The report also as one in which blamed the leadership of the of the Baghdad Police for their inaction, and ordered that they be brought before a military tribunal for their failure to protect the public .
A British intelligence report also written in 1942 summed up the situation as one in which "whatever the outcome of the war , . . . the Iraqis will punish the Jews eventually."
'Farhud: a slaughter in Iraq.'
L. Julius, The Jewish Chronicle, May 31, 2011 11:31
There was a frenzied banging on the front door. When my mother answered it, she recognised her aunt's Jewish cook, ashen-faced, pleading to be let in: "I was on a bus, and the Muslims were pulling the Jewish passengers out and killing them. I said I was a Christian." A month earlier, pro-Nazi officers led by Rashid Ali al-Ghailani, had staged a successful coup in Iraq. The German-backed Rashid Ali and his men were soon routed by British troops - but not before they had incited murder and mayhem against the Jewish "fifth column".
Seventy years ago, on June 1 1941, a group of Jews, wearing their Shavuot best, had ventured out for the first time in weeks to greet the returning pro-British Regent, only to be ambushed by an armed Arab mob. Terrified Jews barricaded themselves inside their houses, or ran for their lives across the flat rooftops.
The rioting went on for two days: around 180 Jews died in Baghdad and Basra (the exact figure is not known); hundreds were wounded, 900 homes and 586 Jewish-owned shops were destroyed; there was looting, rape and mutilation. Stories abound of babies murdered and Jewish hospital patients refused treatment or poisoned. The dead were hurriedly buried in a mass grave.
Jews recognised some assailants - the butcher, the gardener. But some brave Arabs saved Jews. My aunt tells how the neighbours sheltered her until the trouble had died down. The neighbour was a prominent Nazi, but his wife was "a lady --- she even made the beds for us," my aunt recounts.
The Farhud (Arabic for "violent dispossession") marked an irrevocable break between Jews and Arabs in Iraq and paved the way for the dissolution of the 2,600-year-old Jewish community barely 10 years later.
"The screams reached the ambassador at a candlelit dinner"
A question mark hovers over the role of the British - encamped on the city outskirts, they delayed intervening until the looting had spread to Muslim districts. Yet the victims' screams reached the British ambassador, Cornwallis, who was enjoying a candlelit dinner and a game of bridge.
Loyal and productive citizens comprising a fifth of Baghdad, the Jews had not known anything like the Farhud in living memory. Before the victims' blood was dry, army and police warned the Jews not to testify against the murderers and looters. Even the official report on the massacre was not published until 1958.
Despite their deep roots, the Jews understood that they would never, along with other minorities, be an integral part of an independent Iraq. Fear of a second Farhud was a major reason why 90 per cent of Iraq's Jewish community fled to Israel after 1948.
But the Farhud was not just another anti-Jewish pogrom.The Nazi supporters who planned it had a more sinister objective: the round-up, deportation and extermination in desert camps of the Baghdadi Jews.
The inspiration behind the coup, and the Farhud itself, came not from Baghdad, but Jerusalem. The Grand Mufti, Haj Amin al-Husseini, sought refuge in Iraq in 1939 with 400 Palestinian émigrés. Together, they whipped up local anti-Jewish feeling. An illiterate populace imbibed bigotry through Nazi radio propaganda. Days before the Farhud broke out, the Nazi youth movement, the Futuwa, went around daubing Jewish homes with a red palm print. Yunis al-Sabawi, who, together with the Mufti and Rashid Ali, spent the rest of the war in Berlin, instructed the Jews to stay in their homes so that they could more easily be rounded up.
The Farhud cemented a wartime Arab-Nazi alliance designed to rid Palestine, and the world, of the Jews. The Mufti's postwar legacy endured. The uprooting of the 140,000 Jews of Iraq followed a Nazi pattern of victimisation - dismantlement, dispossession and expulsion. Nuremberg-style laws criminalised Zionism, freezing Jewish bank accounts, instituting quotas and restrictions on jobs and movement. The result was the exodus of nearly a million Jews from the Arab world.
More Jews died than on Kristallnacht, yet the Farhud has not become part of Holocaust memory. Indeed, the Washington Holocaust Museum had to be vigorously lobbied to include the Farhud as a Holocaust event.
Nazism gave ideological inspiration both to Arab secular parties and the Muslim Brotherhood (Gaza branch: Hamas). The unremitting campaign to destroy Israel is simply a manifestation of the genocidal intentions of Arab nationalism and Islamism. The demons awakened by the Farhud are still with us today.
'Farhud memories: Baghdad's 1941 slaughter of the Jews,'
By Sarah Ehrlich Reporter, Witness
BBC, 1 June 2011
On 1 June 1941, a Nazi-inspired pogrom erupted in Baghdad, bringing to an end more than two millennia of peaceful existence for the city's Jewish minority. Some Jewish children witnessed the bloodshed, and retain vivid memories 70 years later.
[Image caption: Steve Acre witnessed the bravery of his Muslim landlord from a palm tree]
Heskel Haddad, an 11-year-old boy was finishing a festive meal and preparing to celebrate the Jewish festival of Shavuot, oblivious to the angry mob that was about to take over the city.
Thousands of armed Iraqi Muslims were on the rampage, with swords, knives and guns.
The two days of violence that followed have become known as the Farhud (Arabic for "violent dispossession"). It spelt the end for a Jewish community that dated from the time of Babylon. There are contemporary reports of up to 180 people killed, but some sources put the number much higher. The Israeli-based Babylonian Heritage Museum says about another 600 unidentified victims were buried in a mass grave.
"On the first night of Shavuot we usually go to synagogue and stay up all night studying Torah," says Haddad, now a veteran ophthalmologist in New York.
"Suddenly we heard screams, 'Allah Allah!' and shots were fired. We went out to the roof to see what's happening, we saw fires, we saw people on the roofs in the ghetto screaming, begging God to help them."
The violence continued through the night. A red hand sign, or hamsa, had been painted on Jewish homes, to mark them out. Families had to defend themselves by whatever means they could.
Haddad remembers the marauders coming down his street at dawn, and watching them from the roof as they looted his neighbour's house.
"My father had a dagger in his hand and a pipe to prevent people from attacking us on the roof. An idea came to me and I took some bricks from breaking the walls and started throwing them. Other kids came with me and began throwing rocks on these people.
"And when we hit somebody and they began to bleed, they began screaming 'Allah!' and they left. And they left the loot behind them."
Some families bribed policemen to stand guard, paying half a dinar for each bullet fired. Others owe their lives to Muslims who took great risks to protect them.
In a nearby street in a mixed Jewish and Muslim quarter, Steve Acre lived with his widowed mother and eight siblings in a house owned by a Muslim.
Acre, now 79 and living in Montreal, climbed a palm tree in the courtyard when the violence began. He still remembers the cry "Cutal al yehud" which translates as "slaughter the Jews".
[Image caption: Nazi influence in Baghdad fanned anti-British and anti-Semitic sentiments]
From the tree he could see the landlord sitting in front of the house.
"When the mob came he talked to them. He told them that we are orphans who took refuge in his house and they cannot touch us. If they want us they have to kill him. So lucky for us, the mob moved away, moved to other houses," he remembers.
The men then crossed the street and screams began to emanate from the house of his mother's best friend.
"Later lots of men came outside and set the house on fire. And the men were shouting like from joy, in jubilation holding up something that looked like a slab of meat in their hands.
"Then I found out, it was a woman's breast they were carrying - they cut her breast off and tortured her before they killed her, my mother's best friend, Sabicha."
Until the Farhud, Baghdad had been a model of peaceful coexistence for Jews and Arabs. Jews made up about one in three of the city's population in 1941, and most saw themselves as Iraqi first and Jewish second.
So what caused this terrible turn of events?
[Image caption The Grand Mufti and Hitler, pictured, were closely linked with Rashid Ali]
A month earlier, a pro-Nazi lawyer Rashid Ali al-Gilani, had overthrown Iraq's royal family, and started broadcasting Nazi propaganda on the radio.
But when an attack on a British Air Force base outside Baghdad ended in humiliating failure, he was forced to flee. The Farhud took place in the power vacuum that followed.
In a tragic twist to the tale, it turns out the British Army could have intervened to halt the violence. On 1 June, British cavalry were just eight miles from the city, having raced 600 miles from Palestine and Egypt under orders to prevent Iraqi oil falling into Nazi hands.
"To Britain's shame, the army was stood down," says historian Tony Rocca, co-author with Farhud survivor Violette Samash of the book, Memories of Eden.
"Sir Kinahan Cornwallis, Britain's ambassador in Baghdad, for reasons of his own, held our forces at bay in direct insubordination to express orders from Winston Churchill that they should take the city and secure its safety. Instead, Sir Kinahan went back to his residence had a candlelight dinner and played a game of bridge."
A move to halt the pogrom was finally taken by the Mayor of Baghdad and police loyal to the Iraqi monarchy, who imposed a curfew at 5pm on 2 June.
After the Farhud, life changed drastically for the city's Jews. Up to that point Haddad had had many Muslim friends.
"Suddenly I changed my attitude. I didn't feel any more Iraqi. I felt I'm a Jew and I vowed that I wanted to kill an Arab," he says.
One day, swimming in the River Tigris, he encountered a drowning man, and instinctively helped him to the shore.
"When I came home I was shook up. Not because I saved the guy but because I didn't follow my vow to kill an Arab. And when I went to see the rabbi, he said, 'You can't make a vow to kill. You can only make a vow to help.'
"That's what stimulated me to go into medicine, actually. I knew that I want to save lives, not to kill people."
The anti-Semitism that Hitler had successfully exported to Iraq made life unbearable for the Jewish community. There were frequent arrests on false charges of spying and public hangings of prominent Jews.
Morris Zebaida, a survivor who now lives in London, says: "We learnt to live like mice. If we didn't, we would be spat upon or arrested."
In 1950, Jews were finally allowed to leave, on condition they give up all their property and assets, including their bank accounts. By 1952, only 2,000 of 150,000 were left.
Acre and Haddad still feel a lingering distrust of the British, because of their failure to stop the violence.
For Haddad, another legacy of the Farhud is a contradictory attitude to Iraqi Muslims. He has operated on injured Iraqis free of charge, has visited Iraq as an adviser to the government, and is described by Iraq's ambassador in Washington as "the best Iraqi I know". But while he numbers some Iraqi Muslims among his friends, he remains on his guard in the presence of others.
"I have this feeling, a sort of distrust, that the Farhud created," he says. "It's an emotional thing that you cannot eradicate that easily."
'Remembering the Farhud massacre of June 1941,'
Edwin Black/Guest columnist, May 31, 2015, Winston-Salem Journal Now
Violent dispossession. In an Arabic dialect, the word is Farhud. For decades after it occurred, many thought the nightmare was a sudden and unexpected convulsion that afflicted the Iraqi Jewish community, one that lived in that land for some 2,600 years. But in truth, the wild rape and killing spree of June 1-2, 1941 was not unexpected.
Soon after Hitler took power in 1933, Germanys chargé daffaires in Baghdad, Nazi operatives, acquired the newspaper Al-Alem Al Arabi, converting it into a Nazi organ that published an Arabic translation of Hitlers Mein Kampf in installments. Radio Berlin beamed anti-Jewish Arabic programs across the Middle East. The Nazi ideology of Jewish conspiracy and international manipulation was widely adopted in Iraqi society, especially within the framework of the Palestine problem that dominated Iraqi politics.
As Arab Nationalism and Hitlerism fused, numerous Nazi-style youth clubs began springing up in Iraq. One pivotal group known as Futuwwa was nothing less than a clone of the Hitler Youth. In 1938, Futuwwa members were required to attend a candlelight Nazi Party rally in Nuremberg. When the delegation came back from Germany, a common chant in Arabic was, Long live Hitler, the killer of insects and Jews.
By the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, and a coterie of transnational Palestinian agitators had thoroughly permeated Baghdads ruling circles.
By April 1, 1941, with World War II in full swing, a group of pro-Nazi Iraqi military men known as the Golden Square staged a coup, ousting the British-dominated government. Quickly, the Golden Square welded Iraqi actions to Berlins iron will. Why did they become partners? The Golden Square wanted Germany to destroy the British and Jewish presence in their country. The Third Reich craved what was beneath the ground oil.
On June 1, British authority was nominally restored, but still withdrawn beyond the outskirts of Baghdad. During the few hours surrounding the British-controlled regents return, a power vacuum existed in the country. It resulted in the bloodbath of June 1-2 that became known as the Farhud.
Lists of Jews had already been compiled. Jewish homes had been marked in advance with a blood-red palm prints. The text announcing the mass murder was already prepared and scheduled for radio broadcast.
But Jewish leaders who learned of the impending disaster begged for mercy from the temporary local mayoral authorities, who successfully engineered the expulsion from Baghdad of the massacre planners. The radio broadcast on May 31 merely announced that the British-appointed regent would return to his palace from his temporary refuge in Trans-Jordan.
Baghdads Jews had every reason to celebrate. June 1 was the joyous holy day of Shavuot, commemorating when the Law was given to the Jews on Mt. Sinai. Baghdads Jews thought stability had returned to their 2,600-year existence in Iraq. They were so wrong.
At about 3 p.m. that June 1, Regent Abd al-Ilah landed at the Baghdad airport. He was making his way across al-Khurr Bridge when a contingent of Baghdadi Jews went out to greet him. As the group came to the bridge, they encountered a contingent of dejected soldiers just returning from their dismal surrender to British forces. The mere sight of these Jews, bedecked in festive holiday garb, was enough to enrage the soldiers.
Suddenly, the Jews were viciously attacked with knives and axes. Several were hacked to death right then and there on the bridge. The planned systematic extermination, now foiled, broke down into a spontaneous citywide slaughter.
Baghdad became a fast-moving hell. Frenzied mobs raced throughout the city and murdered Jews openly on the streets. Women were raped as their horrified families looked on. Infants were killed in front of their parents. Home and stores were emptied and then burned. Gunshots and screams electrified the city for hours upon hours. Beheadings, torsos sliced open, babies dismembered, horrid tortures, and mutilations were widespread. Severed limbs were waved here and there as hideous trophies.
In home after home, furniture was moved up against the door to create a barricade. As Arabs breached the entrances, many families escaped to the roof, one step ahead.
Fleeing Jews jumped from one roof to another. In some instances, parents and siblings threw children down from roofs to waiting blankets below.
Women were defiled everywhere. Arabs broke into the girls school and the students were raped endlessly. Young or old, Jewish females were set upon and mercilessly gang raped and often mutilated.
In truth, no one will ever know many were murdered or maimed during those two dark days. One Iraq historian suggested as many as 600 were murdered during the overnight rampage.
Farhud in Arabic, the word means violent dispossession. It was a word the Jews of wartime Europe never knew. Holocaust it was a word the Jews of wartime Iraq never knew. But soon they would all know their meaning regardless of the language they spoke. After the events of June 1-2, 1941, both words came together.
Edwin Black is the author The Farhud -- Roots of the Arab-Nazi Alliance in the Holocaust and other books. Today, he will lead a commemoration of International Farhud Day at a globally streamed event at the United Nations
When Nazism met Arabism
When Baghdad Burned: The June 1941 Farhud Massacre
The fusion of Nazism and Arab nationalism in the Middle East spelled unimaginable horror for Iraq's ancient Jewish community.
E. Black , Israel National News, 27/05/15 16:44
Dr. Anwar Shukeiri VS his brother Ahmad Shukeiri (Shukairy / Shuqairy)
Dr. Anwar Shukeiri, at the age of 29, was assassinated on June 8, 1939
by Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini's Abu Mahmoud gang,
by tricking him, rushing him out by lying to him his wife was ill.
Reason: for speaking out against the radical Mufti and following his moderate father As'ad Shukeiri. He was a leader at the short lived Palestine Defense Party
An investigation showed his brother Ahmad Shukeiri was also involved in his murder.
Ahmad Shukeiri, allied himself with the Mufti, escaped with him
to Beirut and helped his propaganda 1938-39
He testified that he and all who surrounded him prayed for Hitler's victory.
Ahmad Shukeiri helped the Nazis,
at least since Russia entered the war in 1941
In 1946, he and another Nazi helper Jamal Husseini had justified the Holocaust.
In the UN he has spread anti-Jewish hatred
 and in Nov. 30 1962 had saluted neo Nazis,  and promoted them  which triggered , prompted his removal from UN mid-December of that year by Saudi Arabia. After being condemned in the UN and moderate Arabs' push to remove him,
 he attempted to switch it around, unsuccessfully. (Especially as he quoted the New York Times published weeks earlier, and it stated there clearly gang's Nazi nature.
He is more known for his genocidal calls such as "predicting" pre 1967 war, that "no one will survive" in Israel, at the war.
In 1970, Swiss journalist published, that Shukeiri complained that he took the blame for calling to sweep the Jews into the sea, as this was the the outlook by Arab leaders, in general, before their 1967 defeat.
"Political Diaries of the Arab World: 1939-1940," Archive Editions, 2001, p.489
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=4yswAQAAIAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=anwar+shukeiri ]
Issa Khalaf, "Politics in Palestine: Arab Factionalism and Social Disintegration, 1939-1948", SUNY Press, 1991, p.79
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=9pRvIDxE5jAC&pg=PA79 ]
Annotated Supreme Court Judgments [Palestine], Volume 1
Palestine. Supreme Court, S. Bursi, 1941, p.52
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=gh9QAQAAMAAJ&q=anwar+shukeiri+assassinated+1939 ]
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 11, 1939.
Dr. Anwer Shukeiri, a leader of the Palestine Defense Party, was shot dead last night in Acre.
[ http://pdfs.jta.org/1939/1939-06-11_157.pdf ]
Aryeh Disenchik, 'Night at Shukeiri's Home in Acre', Maariv, Friday, October 21, 1949, pp 2, 11
[ https://www.nli.org.il/he/newspapers/mar/1949/10/21/01/page/11 ]
[ https://www.nli.org.il/he/newspapers/mar/1949/10/21/01/article/75/?e=-------he-20--1--img-txIN%7ctxTI--------------1 ]
"Palestine", vol.2, No. 9, 10
November-December, 1945. Printed in "Palestine", Volumes 1-5 (The Council), 1946, pp.1-2
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=47UMAQAAMAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=axis+agents+%22Shukeiri%2C+who+fled+from+Palestine+with+the+Mufti%22 ]
Ted Swedenburg, "Memories of Revolt: The 1936–1939 Rebellion and the Palestinian National Past," University of Arkansas Press, 2003, p.161
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=lvdIDwAAQBAJ&&pg=PA161 ]
Elie Kedourie (Professor of Politics Emeritus), "Arabic Political Memoirs and Other Studies", Psychology Press, 1974, p.189
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=pJkH06fTLD8C&pg=PA189 ]
Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress, United States. Congress, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1965, p.455-6.
"Soviet Distortion. Extension of Remarks Of HON. LEONARD FARBSTEIN Of NEW YORK. In the House of Representatives. Tuesday, January 26, 1965... Ahmed Shukairy, the self-proclaimed spokesman for the Arab refugees — a man who worked for the Nazis and their henchmen during World War II..."
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=3Yah_o9r5V4C&pg=SL1-PA456#v=snippet&q=Shukairy%20%22Nazis%22&f=false ]
Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress, Volume 110, Part 22. United States. Congress. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1964, p.524-5.
"Trouble in the Middle East. Extension of Remarks Of HON. HUGE SCOTT Of PENNSYLVANIA . In the Senate of the United States. Monday, February 3, 1964 ...
Shukairy has had a remarkable history. As has been revealed ... he worked with the Nazis in the Middle East and was a henchman of the notorious Mufti of Jerusalem..."
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=0nacFQ7dBJIC&pg=SL1-PA525 ]
Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ..., Volume 107, Part 24, United States Congress 1961, p.5735 ; Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the... Congress, 1961. p.35. United States. Congress. U.S. Government Printing Office.
"Warmongering in the U.N. Extension of Remarks Of HON. LESTER HOLTZMAN Of NEW YORK. In the House of Representatives.
Wednesday, July 26, 1961...
In 1946, Shukairy joined the 'Arab Higher Committee' which was also headed by the ex Mufti. Shukairy got his start in 'politics' in the early 1930s when he belonged to a group of fanatical extremists led by the ex-Mufti. This gang cooperated with the Communists and prior to the Hitler-Stalin Pact sought in every possible way to sabotage the Allied war effort against the Nazis in the Middle East. However, when Soviet Russia joined the Allies, Shukairy's group split with the Communists, and went all out for Hitler."
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=ijg4AQAAMAAJ&pg=SL1-PA5735&dq=shukairy++%22all+out+for+hitler%22 ]
Prevent World War III., Issues 58-64. Society for Prevention of World War III, 1961, p.25
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=j0HTAAAAMAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=%22all+out+for+hitler%22 ]
Bernard Lerner, "Behind the British Bludgeon," The Canadian Jewish Chronicle, July 12, 1946.
[ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=TgFPAAAAIBAJ&sjid=jEwDAAAAIBAJ&pg=2751,1591402 ]
Looking Back: December 14, 2012. The Forward, December 5, 2012
[ https://forward.com/culture/looking-back/167283/looking-back-december-14-2012/ ]
"Facts", Volume 16, Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, 1965, p.424
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=4zxDAQAAIAAJ&q=shukairy+tacuara ]
"Arab Spokesmen Help the Cause of Israel." New Jersey Jewish News, January 4, 1963
[ https://jhsnj-archives.org/?a=d&d=A19630104-NewJerseyJewishNews-19630104-01.1.10& ]
Congress Bi-weekly, Volume 29, Issues 9-17, American Jewish Congress., 1962, p.2
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=AdAMAQAAMAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=%22Shukairy%22 ]
"Bigotry's Internationalization Leads to Tests in UN, Appeal to World to Avoid Resurgence." The Detroit Jewish News December 07, 1962 Page 1
[ https://digital.bentley.umich.edu/djnews/djn.1962.12.07.001/1 ]
"Israel Presses for Peace Talks Now." The Jewish Floridien, December 21, 1962, p. 8-A
[ https://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00010090/01768/8j ]
"Argentine Youths in Nazi Group Salute and Cry: 'Hail Tacuara!'; Anti-Semitic Organization, Said to Be Growing, Asserts It Fights 'Zionism, Capitalism and Communism' Tells About Drills He Doubts Charges," The New York Times, Sept. 16, 1962
[ https://www.nytimes.com/1962/09/16/archives/argentine-youths-in-nazi-group-salute-and-cry-hail-tacuara.html ]
Martin Sherman, "Into the Fray: Reassessing 'root causes' and 'red herrings'". The Jerusalem Post, October 7, 2011
Israel Studies: IS. Volume 8, 2003, Moshe Shemesh: 'Did Shuqayri Call for "Throwing the Jews into the Sea"?', pp.72,73,78
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=-0wMAQAAMAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=%22remain+alive%22 ]
The New Middle East, Issues 16-39, New Middle East 1970, p.4
[ https://books.google.com/books?id=RmYeAAAAMAAJ&q=shukairy+jews+into+sea ]
The emergence of the 4Fs
Student to (Minister) monster of Hate, L. Farrakhan:
1. You minister says 'Whites are the Devil.' Can whites ever redeem themselves?
2. If we demand reparations from 'White Christians,' is there a risk that Jews/Israelites will demand from Africans because of slavery in Egypt (long before Arabs invaded that African country)?
Monster of Hate:
Don't worry about that, we will say we are "Semitic..."
WTF? Since when are we from the Middle East? And what does that have to do with anything I asked?
Monster of Hate:
Just repeat what I said. Don't forget to inject the words "truth" and "facts."
Yikes.. another infected by N.o. Islam's fascist Farrakhan/Hitler real racist virus
Had enough of the "whites are devil" minister?
Shortly after another Hitleristic Farrakhan ideology  infected apologized, yet another outburst of more poison coded language infection, this time Nick Conner  (including deciding who is Jewish. This hate based history denial also linked to the Hannukah massacre , despite DNA finding most Jews of any color are connected to Biblical matriarchs ).
It's based on seeing the Jew behind everything. it's the philosophy of the swastika hanging behind radical delusional Bernie Sanders (eventhough he is a fanatical anti Israel critic and attached falsely epithet to Netanyahu  , still. It doesn't matter).
Or whatever grievances, always make sure to blame the J. If you can't find a J connection, "create" one.
The oldest cruel real racism pandemic still strong amidst "anti racism" woke.
The same militant Nation of Islam fascist Farrakhan who has pushed for a falsification of history book which also confused Jewels with Jews and final research shows Jews were actually very under represented in slave trade , but cherry picked the few 'brown' Jews among the sea of Arab, Muslim, European Christians, Hindus as an excuse to blame "white" Jews , and diminishes Goliath Arab slave trade .
Never underestimate the genocidal hint in the Nation of Islam Farrakhan racist dehumanization of "termites,"  like preachers in "Palestine"'s 'apes and pigs'  doctrine.
A side note / historical perspective: Malcolm X assassination, which Farrakhan admitted role in , was less than a year after Jews losing lives for blacks..
Now, imagine if (descendant of French) Derek Chauvin would have had even just 10% J. connection or Cup Food owner where 911 call on George Floyd originated from wouldn't be Arab Muslim Palestinian...but of J. Origin...
What would Hitleristic Farrakhan bloody trail look like?
Or better don't.
Carmeta Albarus, Jonathan Mack: 'The Making of Lee Boyd Malvo: The D.C. Sniper,' p.94
'He recalled listening to many of Minister Farrakhan's speeches, such as Message to the Black Man, The WhiteMan as the Devil. '
Holocaust survivor invites Eagles' DeSean Jackson to Auschwitz, By Aaron Reich, The Jerusalem Post, July 8, 2020 16:37
Nick Cannon spreads antisemitic conspiracy theories online
TV host references Rothschild control and claims that Black people are the true Hebrews
By Amy Spiro, Jewish Insider, July 12, 2020
Jake Tapper on Twitter: Nick Cannon, Professor Griff, and a "discussion" about Jews. What could go wrong? 5:59 PM, Jul 12, 202
Rabbi Dies Three Months After Hanukkah Night Attack
Josef Neumann had been gravely injured in the machete assault in a Hasidic rabbis home in Monsey, N.Y., northwest of New York City.
By Azi Paybarah, The New York Times, March 30, 2020
Our Four Genetic Moms, By Zachary Solomon, JTA, Aug. 29, 2013
On Friday nights Jews traditionally bless their daughters to emulate Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, and Leah. But the women these girls actually take after are 4 other women entirely.
In a genetic study conducted in 2002, scientists found that 40% of all living Ashkenazi Jewssome 3.5 milliontrace their DNA back to 4 founding mothers who lived in Central and Eastern Europe over 1,000 years ago.
The scientists studied the mitochondrial DNA (otherwise known as mtDNA) of 11,000 women of Ashkenazi origin living in 67 different countries. Four distinct strands of mtDNA were found in each of the studys participants, indicating shared maternal ancestry. Whats more, this genetic signature appears almost exclusively in Ashkenazi Jews (with occasional occurrence in Sephardic Jews, as well).
Bernie Sanders says he never expected to see a Nazi flag waved at a major political rally
By Devan Cole, CNN
Updated 12:11 PM EDT, Sun March 08, 2020
Israelis aren't 'racist' - they're worried By Isi Leibler, The Jerusalem Post, January 24, 2007 22:18
... Slave Trade a Nation of Islam Lie... B. Ungar-Sargon, TabMag, Aug. 4, 2013
Faber found during his more recent scholarly research with British Naval Office records that in 18th-century Britain, Jews actually were not heavily invested in the trading part of the slave trade.
Overwhelmingly, Faber said, Jewish merchants and shippers were not involved at all; they represent a minuscule portion of owners of ships. While Jews did own slaves, he found, their ownership was directly proportionate to their numbers. Both were about 18 percent. The two companies with slaving ventures had small numbers of Jews among their owners: The Royal Africa Company had none until 1712, and the South Sea Company always had a handful of Jews, ..Faber says.
The numbers just arent there to support the view, said Faber. Jews were involved, but to an insignificant degree. That doesnt absolve them of that guilt, but everyone made money off African slaves: Arabs, Europeans, Africans, he said. And there was no attempt to deny it...
And indeed, most black intellectuals were never convinced by The Secret Relationship. You cant even say that Christians across the board were slave-traders! said Hilary Shelton, Washington bureau director and senior vice president for Advocacy for the NAACP. There is not a religion that doesnt have someone doing some dastardly thing. Did you know that in Ku Klux Klans handbook, it states specifically that one must be a devout Catholic? And this is problematic for the relationship between the two communities, which has been so important to us...
'Slavery in the Arab World,' Murray Gordon, 1989
(...comprehensive portrait of slavery in the Islamic world from earliest times until today..)
Arab Slave Trade (GoogleBooks)
Chelsea Clinton Goes To Bat For Jews Over Farrakhans Termites Comparison, Forward, October 17, 2018, By Jenny Singer
Louis Farrakhan 'termites' video removed from Facebook - The Jerusalem Post Oct 22, 2018
Andrew G. Bostom, M.D.: 'Legacy of Islamic Antisemitism: From Sacred Texts to Solemn History,' 2011, p.639
In Falastin Al-Muslima, he writes ... who were turned into apes, pigs, lizards, and mice were also punished by not being able to reproduce... https://books.google.com/books?id=vjFNPT52XjUC&pg=PA639
Apes and pigs dehumanization by (radical) Arab Muslim Palestine and beyond.
https://www.google.com/search?&q=site%3Amemri.org+"apes+and+pigs" | https://www.google.com/search?&q=site%3Apalwatch.org+"apes+and+pigs"
FARRAKHAN ADMITS ROLE IN KILLING - Chicago Tribune
May 10, 2000 · Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan admits his complicity in the 1965 murder of Malcolm X
Encyclopedia of African American History: 5-Volume Set, edited by Paul Finkelman, 2009, p.206
On 21 June three young activistsJames Chaney, a black CORE organizer from Mississippi, and two Jews from New York, the CORE organizer Michael Schwerner and the summer volunteer Andrew Goodmanwere apparently abducted by two carloads of Ku Klux Klan members after having investigated a church burning in Neshoba County, a Klan stronghold.
The men shot Schwerner and Goodman and then shot Chaney, after chain-whipping and mutilating him.
The bodies of the three young men were discovered nearly two months later buried in an earthen dam. The Freedom Summer activists, subjected to horrendous racist and anti- Semitic violence, thus exemplified the joint and and valiant efforts of both blacks and Jews to challenge and end discrimination.
World Muslim Congress: M. Dawalibi; Issa Nakhleh (1980s)
The American Spectator, Volume 19, 1986
[Dawalibi dares to repeat old Anti Semitic invention 'bloodlibel']
ADOLFS FRIEND AT THE U.N.
Consider for a moment Maaruf-al- Dawalibi, president of the World Muslim0 Congress. The congress participated in the U.N. North American Regional NGO [ Non-Governmental Organization] Symposium on the Question of Palestine last July.
In 1984, Dawalibi spoke at a U.N. seminar at Geneva entitled, The Encouragement of Understanding and Respect in Matters Relating to Freedom of Religion and Belief. He told the seminar he had read at least sixteen French books when he studied in Paris during World War II which proved that the Ta..., the ... religious book of law, teaches that if a ... does not drink every year the blood of a non-Jewish man, then he will be damned for eternity.
Dawalibi explained that each year ... kidnap and slaughter a non- J. boy. He told a little tale about a barber whom the J.. ordered to kill a priest and the priests servant and to gather their blood.
The barber admitted to have killed him and gathered his blood. . . . Houses Freedom at Issue, promptly protested Dawalibis remarks at the time. He told me, The whole thing was astounding. At the end Dawalibi said we have to ask why Hitler killed the Jews. As if that were a perfectly sensible question .
[Issa Nakhleh: holocaust denier, worked closely with neo-Nazis spreading vile lies]
The publication you say youre representing is one of the least respectable journals, one of the smeariest sheets that is ...
In 1985 the World Muslim Congress joined with forty-two other NGOs at the U.N. to plan their annual anti-Israel campaign in the United States and Canada. The three-day symposium at U.N. headquarters in New York was sponsored by the U.N. Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.
A decision taken by the Committee in 1982 initiated the formation of a pro-PLO body of NGOs. The Committee, which was formed at the time the 1975 Zionism is Racism resolution was adopted, sought collaboration with organizations representing a broad spectrum of interests to gain access to the local populations represented by the NGOs and shape their thinking on the Middle East. Savitri Kunadi, Indias permanent representative to the U.N., and a member of the Committee, said at the 1985 symposium that the NGOs have been regarded from their inception as a valuable asset in [the Committees] struggle for Palestinian rights.
Throughout the symposium, discussion focused on American public opinion, the U.S. media, and the role to be played by the NGOs in reshaping both toward a pro-Palestinian position.
Zehdi Labib Terzi, the PLOs U.N. observer, expressing alarm at the ignorance of the American public on the Palestinian issue, urged consciousness raising techniques such as polls and surveys specifically designed to promote American identification with the Palestinian cause.
One of the World Muslim Congresss representatives at the symposium was Issa Nakhleh, an attorney who has served as U.N. Observer of the Arab Higher Committee for Palestine, and who, during the 1960s and early 1970s, was associated with the late Gerald L.K. Smith (writing for Smiths publication, The Cross and the Flag), and with the racist West Coast group, Western Front.
In 1981 Nakhleh spoke at the Third Annual Convention of the Institute for Historical Review, a group that maintains that the Holocaust is a myth concocted by Jews.
Nakhlehs address was called Palestinians and Zionist Genocide. Those remarks are crazy, Ellen Siegel of the Washington Area Jews for Israeli- Palestinian Peace (a participant in the symposium) said in response to the Dawalibi quotes.
Were opposed to that stuff. Its not something we like to hear or want to hear or approve of. What do you want me to do? What should I do ?...
The Six Million Reconsidered attempts to prove that the Holocaust never occurred; Antizion, a compendium of anti-Semitic writing, includes a description of Hitler as a twentieth century statesman and the assertion, There were no Jews killed in gas chambers. The edition of Antizion sent to the senators is a reproduction of one published by the Noontide Press of Torrance, California, which purveys racist and anti-Semitic books.
Noontide is controlled by Willis Carto, head of the Liberty Lobby, which is widely regarded as anti-Semitic and which has recently been involved in litigation against National Review and William F. Buckley, Jr. Grimstad also served as editor of White Power, the official publication of the neo-Nazi National Socialist White Peoples Party headed by George Lincoln Rockwell.
In 1977 Grimstad registered with the Department of Justice as a Saudi agent. His registration form reported that the Saudi Embassy paid him $20,000 in June 1977 as a gift or honorarium apparently in appreciation for my book, Antizion.
He sent the embassy a receipt for the money.
An investigation by the Anti- Defamation League revealed that the books were mailed to the senators by the World Muslim Congress...
Following the Muftis death in 1974, Maaruf-al-Dawalibi took over as president of the congress.
Dawalibi lives in the Saudi capital and is an adviser to King Khaled . Financial support for the congress is provided through the World Muslim League. Based in the holy city of Mecca, the World Muslim League was created in 1962 through a Saudi government grant as a principal instrument of its policy to put all Islamic institutions, including those outside the country, under its own auspices.
1981, Dawalibi had an audience with Pope John Paul II, during which they reportedly spoke about advancing the Christian-Muslim dialogue. Later that year, Dawalibi said in Paris that such dialogues were necessary because international [Jewry]...
Jewry is undoubtedly behind the persistence of misunderstanding between Muslim ... It is an indisputable fact that the Jews have succeeded in penetrating the highest offices in the Church...
In 1983 the Anti- Defamation League unearthed four documents from the archives of the German Foreign Ministry that verify that Dawalibi served as the Paris agent of the Nazi party official in charge of Arab affairs, SS Obergruppenfuhrer Erwin Ettel. The documents also disclose his close collaboration (as personal secretary ) with the Grand Mufti in the latters efforts in support of Hitler and the Axis powers.... is pro-nazi
Gracious: Enrique Rodriguez-Fabregat
As a child he was very influenced by Dreyfus trial.
Fought against anti-semitism in the USSR.
Helped Israel reestablished, and is memorialized in Israel
His higher-ground answer in 1962 to WW2's Mufti's 'guy': A. Shukairy / Shukeiri (the inventor of apartheid slander who was removed after saluting Nazi Tacuara) who falsely stated Fabregat is Jewish and therefore his loyalty can only be to Israel and not to his host country Uruguay.
From: Facts - Volumes 15-17, 1963, p.424:
During his various tenures as a delegate to the United Nations, Shukairy demonstrated virulent hatred of Israel and Jews which transcended even the passionate excesses other Arab delegates brought to the same subjects.
In 1962 at the U.N., Shukairy even went so far as to praise the militant, anti- Jewish and neo-Nazi storm-troop gang in Argentina known as Tacuara.... instance, he declared: "I have never been an anti-Semite; I am a Semite myself." This semantic dodge has long been used by anti-Jewish Arab bigots, and by their supporters in the American anti-Jewish press, to obfuscate the palpable evidence of their anti-Jewish prejudice. During his various tenures as a delegate ...
Anti-Jewish Diatribe A year earlier, during a debate on the Arab refugee question, Shukairy's obsessive hatred was etched in sharp relief by statements he made about one of the U.N.'s most distinguished delegates, Professor Enrique Rodriguez-Fabregat, chief of the Uruguavan delegation.
In the course of a diatribe charging that Jews were expected to look upon Israel as their real government the old dual loyalty canard by anti-Semitic propagandists Shukairy wondered aloud whether Professor Fabregat who, Shukairy said was of the Jewish faith, also considered himself to be a Jew "in exile".
That Dr. Fabregat was a member of an old Catholic family and a practicing Catholic made no difference to Shukairy. Dr. Fabregat in sorrow, but without anger commented that the thoughts expressed by Shukairy were "more fitting to past ages".
Undaunted, Shukairy went on to declare that there was no real anti-Semitism in the world and that anti-Semitism was a propaganda device, a "tool" serving the interests of Zionists who had, he charged , created... on .. immigration... It is apartheid... This ideological orientation undoubtedly helped to turn the radical and anti- Western SNCC organization toward PLO for its propaganda material.
Militant Arab terror is racism
Whether terror attacks were/are linked and/or supported by Palestinian Authority, Hamas official government in Gaza, Islamic Jihad, etc.
One can never detach racism from Arab terror in Israel, especially, as long as Israeli victims of Arab terrorism (shootings, bombing, stabbing, car rammings, rocks into car windows), and even potential civilian victims of massive foiled constant attacks, are not any way near 20% Arab, the equivalent of its population percentage in Israel. (Fully represented in Israeli official positions, including in its parliament - Knesset).
Moreover, Arab terrorists specifically go out of their way to target Jewish areas.
Also, bombers, shooters and the like, were/are aided by other Arabs, living inside Israel.
Arab terrorists will make the extra effort not to cause Arab casualties, as much as they can. Though the risk to their "brothers" is at times high, but hatred of Jews, still overrules. (Which explains, though disgustingly, the practice of using it's own people as shields when firing on Israelis. The routine which began, at least by Arafat in 1980).
The following classic is so telling of the racist Arab anti-Jewish motivation and nature in terrorism (August 2002 bus #361 massacre):
To Protect and To Serve: Policing in an Age of Terrorism, David Weisburd, Thomas Feucht, Idit Hakimi,2009,Social Science, p.183
For example, in the year 2002 Israel was plagued by a wave of terrorism attacks, and ... An Arab student from the village of Beana in the Galilee, Yasra Bakri, who was on the bus that same morning, was accused of failingto prevent the attack. During the course of the bus trip, Bakri was warned by the suicide bomber to get off before the imminent explosion. She and her friend got off the bus and did not report the possible commitment of a crime to any of the security agencies, including the police.
American Jewish Year Book 2003, edited by David Singer, Lawrence Grossman, VNR AG, 2003, p.221
Earlier, police had arrested Yasra Bakri, who, with her friend Samiya Assedi, had gotten off the bus after the suicide bomber, when he got on, warned her that something bad was about to happen. https://books.google.com/books?id=98Y-vc2xsCwC&pg=PA221
The two women, students at a college in Safed, left the bus 20 minutes before the blast took place without warning anyone else. Yasra Bakri was charged with failure to prevent a crime.
Arab-Jewish Relations Strained after Arrest of Israeli Arabs,' By Julie Stahl | July 7, 2008 | 8:12pm EDT
Jerusalem (CNSNews.com) - Israelis were still reeling Tuesday from news that seven Israeli Arab citizens had been arrested in connection with a deadly suicide bomb attack.https://cnsnews.com/news/article/arab-jewish-relations-strained-after-arrest-israeli-arabs
Israel's secret service revealed on Monday that it had arrested seven members of a prominent Israeli Arab family believed to be involved in an early August terror attack that killed nine people and wounded 48.
Ibrahim Bakri, 22, and Yassin Bakri, are accused of planning and scouting for a location for an attack and hiding and aiding suicide bomber Jihad Hamada in blowing up the No. 361 bus at the Meron junction in northern Israel on August 4.
Another family member, Yasra Bakri, was arrested shortly after the attack. A suicide bomber reportedly warned her that she should get off the bus because something bad was going to happen. She disembarked with her girlfriend but failed to notify the authorities.
About 20 percent (1.2 million) of Israel's six million citizens are Arabs.
Besides the religious intolerance as Jihad, there is that ethnic racial bigotry.
ARAB COLOMBIAN HEZBOLLAH MONSTER THE CORRUPTION/MONEY-LAUNDERING CRIME-POWER BEHIND DICTATOR NADURO
Alex Saab, Hezbollah's money man in Latin America, arrested in Cape Verde
Jun 14, 2020 · Abu Dhabi: Cape Verde authorities have arrested a Colombian businessman of Lebanese origin
Venezuela's Dark Laundering Loop: Saab Nabbed, Bagley Pleads Guilty, Maduro Sweats
By TIM PADGETT JUN 22, 2020
The passport seized from Colombian businessman and Venezuelan operative Alex Saab after he was arrested earlier this month in Cape Verde.
Colombian businessman Alex Saab was arrested in Cape Verde, an island republic off Africas west coast, as his private jet was refueling. Saab is wanted in the U.S. on money-laundering charges involving hundreds of millions of dollars but his detention in Cape Verde and his possible extradition to Miami carry big political stakes in Venezuela.
He's the go-to guy': Venezuelan dealmaker Alex Saab arrested
Jun 28, 2020 · The US confirmed Mr Saab's arrest pursuant to an Interpol Red Notice a message that alerts police forces...
After Netanyahu said erroneously that Hitlers extermination plan came after he met with Mufti, which is totally not true, Hitler, Nazis has the final solution long before , of course, Ihaan Tharoor, in Washington Post then wrote a piece in October 22, 2015
[ https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2015/10/22/the-real-reason-a-palestinian-mufti-allied-with-hitler-its-not-so-shocking/%3foutputType=amp ] taking advantage of Netantahu's words.
However Tharoor also erred when he tried to minimize why the Mufti allied with Hitler. He intentionally omitted racist Jihadi fatwa by Mufti, his calls over the radio [ https://books.google.com/books?id=i5ITDQAAQBAJ&pg=PP332 , https://books.google.com/books?id=sSEuDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT11 , https://books.google.com/books?id=AsOVAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA75 , https://books.google.com/books?id=lMLmK-fmf8kC&pg=PA20 ] to the Muslim world to Kill the J.. wherever they are..This pleases Allah. Not Zionists. But any J. Wherever he is on the planet. Plain and simple.
That is way beyond any political alliances.
The ex Mufti of Palestine al-Hussein was anti-Any-Jew and called for extermination.
Despite Hitlers demagogic praise for this particular Arabs look and asserting he is not pure Arab in blood...[ https://books.google.com/books?id=3q5dFD61V5oC&pg=PA156 , https://books.google.com/books?id=RHqgAAAAMAAJ&q=%22Veins%22 ], yet, he still refused to shake his hands [ https://books.google.com/books?id=wHSvDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT7 ]
Have no doubt Hitler would have wiped out Arabs after Jews, 24 February 2007
Issa Nakhleh: Vile liar Holocaust denier, Hitler's canard - recycler, pushing Neo-Nazi inventions on WW2, and long time agitator in S. America
Avisor UN 'Palestinian' Delegation The Arab Higher Committee for 'Palestine'. Author of "Palestine encyclopedia"
* June.17.1949: He can be considered the pioneer in vicious vitriol. Hyped imaginary terminology to "shock". (Probably the beginner of making a travesty out of anti-bigotry). At UN, he accused/defined in June-1949, acts as being "exceeding in brutality" than those of "the Nazis."
This "language" was picked up by Shukairy in 1961.
That was 23 years before he denied the Holocaust altogether in 1972...which he proposed as a measuring object in 1949...
He also intentionally floated the ridiculous unfounded rumour, that the (secular) Jews were supposedly "planning" to take down mosque and build temple...
* Active in agitating Anti-Jewish hatred in Argentina 1950s. Weeks after Nazi Tacuara attacked Jews in that country, including torturing a 19 years old carving swastikas in her as "revenge" for hanging Eichmann, he formed "palestine Arab delegation" in UN. A few months later, Shukairy salutes Tacuara at UN.
* In December 30, 1963, wrote to infamous fascist "Canadian Fuhrer" Adrien Arcand. (Incidentally, unaware, this Arcand referred in derogatory terms to Palestinian restaurants).
* Under his activities in Palestine "delegation," its postage meter was used to mail out material for a Neo-Nazi publication that earlier carried headline "Adolf Hitler, the George Washington of Europe."
* In 1967, just before the outbreak of the six-day war, he travelled to speak at at supremacists Western Front supporters event.
On March 7, 1969, he was featured speaker at "free Palestine" meeting joined with infamous anti-black anti-Jewish racist G. Smith, and Western Front.
* As, in behalf of Palestine's ex- Mufti, he represented Sirhan in R. Kennedy's murder, Arabs (whether by his initiative or his tacit go-along) spread around a conspiracy theory blaming Jews that they did it and pinned it on an Arab... 1968.
* May-1970: Recycled Hitler's old canards on Jews; pushed neo nazis' inventions about WW2; referred to (in singular term) "Jew war criminals" in his article in violent racist publication.
* November-14-1972: Openly said at UN, that Hitler did "not" kill Jews, that it was all an invention by Jews, and that the six million are "very much alive...".
(The horrendous cruelty within less than 3 decades of survivors' traumatic experience and indescribable loss).
He's also cast it as his "vs gentiles" Nazi adopted idea. (One assunes, his atrocious speech wasn't quoted at the time by JTA at least apparently through search, most probably as to not hurt so much, survivors and after less than 30 years from the Holocaust. Though vast local newspapers did).
* In 1973, he wrote a hate filled letter why Palestinian Arabs oppose Kissinger, (incl.) because he was a persecuted Jew by Nazis in Germany. Pressed for his view on the Kissinger appointment, Issa Nakhleh, U.N. observer for the Palestinian Arab delegation, exclaimed: "You Jews are doing the same thing you did in Germany.".
* In 1978, at historical Begin and Sadat Camp David peace summit, Issa Nakhleh was urgently occupied with his Memorandum, denying the Holocaust, sent to Carter and Sadat.
* Addressed at "convention" of Holocaust deniers; published a denial "piece" in their publication; wrote for various racist groups. 1981-2.
* 1982: Together with holocaust-revisionists and supremacists LibertyLobby (under cloak of his official chief Arab-Palestinian delegation at UN and Muslim Congress advisor) advocated to court for accused Swedish Holocaust denier Ditlieb Felderer - as a "scholar." It didn't help.
* Much of his writing is dedicated to his hero, infamous ex Mufti al-Husseini, Hitler's staunchest active ally in the Arab world, "explaining" him. By the same token, this vicious hater, in his inciting venom, the sneaky snake carefully crafts his thesis, framing his all throughout theme of Jews and non-Jews, into some supposed "historical facts." He also so twistedly exaggerates the weak power of Jews at the time of WW2, basing it all on one quote from one letter from one Jewish personality and phrases it as the "world Jews" and states it as a fact that "this is why" (no kidding) Great Britain and allies went into war.
That's right, he "found" the "J." (as in that letter by an unarmed civilian) to be "behind" Churchill/Hitler/Roosevelt....
But since we are on this most serious topic, let us also remember that no Jew on this planet or even a Rabbi (such as Weissmandl) could influence in as much as getting Auchwitz-Birkenau bombed, even while allies' planes were already heavily in operations anyhow.
Not to mention the boat (M.S. St. Louis) in 1939 with Jews fleeing, being turned away...
In addition, in order to fit his libeleaus "book", hypocrite Nakhleh didn't include in it his total denial of the Holocaust which he uttered in 1972 and at Holocaust deniers convention, it wouldn't "work," since he tried to compare acts to those of Nazis.
* His "Palestine encyclopedia" - "work", has been correctly categorized as only an anti-Israel propaganda piece.
Even by comparing it to other Arab Palestinian authors/work.
* In Nov.1999, at AmerianMuslimsForJerusalem - event, which was described as "Anti-Jewish" (not just anti Israel), offered the illegally raising money from abroad to lobby US Congress.
He 'promulgates anti-Semitic conspiracy theories at a Chicago conference of the Islamic Association for Palestine (IAP)'.
* Of his last known "good" and "love" deeds on earth was to blame on "Israel lobby," a 2002 sincere investigation at kidnapping children to Saudi Arabia.
Note: Most Arab-Palestinians are Muslims. Yet, this Islamicized hater who was a fiery highest "spiritual" leader's aide, made sure to appear as a "Christian" when he thought it could help him in inciting Christians. At the Holocaust denial convention in 1982, he came officially representing Muslim Congress.
[It might remind jihadi Palestinian terrorists who, to Muslims they raise the banner of holy war on Jews in Israel, but when speaking to the West suddenly mention "rights" and "democracy."]
This very same denier, has also pushed for the idea of some so-called "mutual admiration" (by highlighting --out of the Zionists- one (radical and not accepted by mainstream, who had some Arab allies too) person's agreement seeking for emigration, attempting to save lives . Ignoring the some 30,000 Jews of Palestine that fought the Nazis, as reported at the time. .
Nation - Volume 164 - Page 561 - J.H. Richards, 1947
The Mufti's Henchmen A Who's Who General Assembly by the Nation Associates . ... Most of the originals are in the possession of the Department of State . They substantiate to the last detail the charge that the Mufti not only was an Axis agent throughout the war ..
... The persons named were the following : Emil Ghouri , Henry Katan , Wasef Kamal , Rajai Husseini , Isa Nakhleh ...
Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress - 1947
... Ghouri, Rajai Husseini, Henry Katan, Wasef Kamal, Isa Nakhleh, Rasem Khalidi. ... In 1922, he became the Mufti of Jerusalem and later the President of the
Near East Report - Volumes 8-11 - Page 150 - 1964
The Arab World is a glossy monthly which emphasizes social, economic and political achievement. There are 23,000 copies, of which 5,115 go to educational institutions, 2,128 to libraries, 1,159 to newspapers, 1,117 to press services, 541 to public officials.
For the Record is a polemical report issued occasionally to deal with political questions. The Attorney General's report tells us that a major theme of this publication is that Israeli propaganda is a camouflage for aggressive designs on Arab territory and a threat to ArabAmerican relations...
Another agency is the Palestine Arab Delegation, with offices at 801 Second Ave. , New York. It was organized in April 1961 to represent the Arab Higher Committee for Palestine, but the UN will not recognize or seat it. In 1963, it spent $25,426. It issues a bulletin; it distributes press releases; it uses vitriolic expletives-for it is not responsible to any government and need not exercise diplomatic restraint.
A typical circular begins: "The international Zionist gangsters seized, by terror and murder, a part of Palestine and declared
themselves a state.
These pamphlets frequently reproduce atrocity photographs. They vilify U. S. officials who support Israel.
The director of this group is Issa Nakhleh, who describes himself as the permanent representative of the delegation.
Nakhleh had some training as the press attache for the Egyptian Embassy in Argentina, a country where the Arab League has collaborated with neo-Nazis in the dissemination of scurrilous antiSemitic propaganda. On the P.R. Front.
Near East Report, Volume 8
Near East Report, Incorporated, 1964 - Jewish-Arab relations
Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ..., Volume 113, Part 17
United States. Congress · 1967 · Law
The Palestine Arab Delegation is in fact the local agency of the Arab Higher Committee for Palestine, an international Arab organization formed at Cairo in 1946, under the chairmanship of the ineffable Grand Mufti Mohammad Amin el-Husseinithe same noisome personage who had earlier served as Hitler's advisor on the liquidation of the Jewish question. The Mufti's committee maintains offices in Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq besides its overseas representatives in the United States...
this "delegation" maintains relations with the most undesirable on the American political scene. Not long ago, its postage meter was used to distribute a mailing of James H. Madole's National Renaissance Party Bulletina publication of a group described in a staff report of the House Un-American Activities Committee as avowedly neo-nazi in character.
(An earlier issue of the same publication carried the headline: "Adolf Hitler, the George Washington of Europe").
Long aricles by this "delegation" have been reprinted in Common Sense The Cross and the Flag. The Palestine Arab Delegation also maintains relations with the Neo-Nazi National Renaissance Party....
ARAB AGITATORS MEDDLE IN U.S. POLITICS
Palestine Arab Delegation also maintains relations with the Neo-Nazi ...
The Canadian Fuhrer: The Life of Adrien Arcand - Page 351
Issa Nakhleh, letter to Adrien Arcand, New York, 30 December 1963, Library and Archives Canada, Adrien Arcand collection, MG 30, D91, vol. 2. Des livres de ...
Jean-Francois Nadeau - 2011
[The Canadian Fuhrer: The Life of Adrien Arcand
Jean-Francois Nadeau · 2011 · Biography & Autobiography
The Life of Adrien Arcand Jean-Francois Nadeau. nests of Bulgarian ruffians, Oriental grocers, nauseating Palestinian restaurants, European ex- convict scum,
Justice Department Keeps Watch on Arab Students Group As Sirhan Probe Continues
June 24, 1968
The Department of Justice said yesterday that it will remain alert to operations of the Organization of Arab students while the investigation of Sirhan Sirhan and all ramifications of the Robert F. Kennedy assassination is continuing. This disclosure was made by J. Walter Yeagley, Assistant Attorney-General, in a letter to Rep. Joel T. Broyhill, Virginia Republican. Mr. Broyhill had asked the department to investigate Arab extremist activities in this country and possible Communist links with them.
The department said that on the basis of information so far available to the Government, it does not appear that the Organization of Arab Students has incurred an obligation to register under the Foreign Agents Registration Act at this time. While the organization does receive some funds from officials of foreign governments, the amount is not sufficient to warrant a conclusion that it is acting within the United States at the direction or control of a foreign government so as to create the requisite agency relationship necessary to require registration.
Arab-American businessmen in Los Angeles are spreading a story that Sirhan Sirhan, alleged assassin of Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, was a secret agent paid by the Zionists to blacken the name of the Arab world, it was reported here today by the Washington Post.
In a related development, the Arab Higher Committee for Palestine, in Beirut, has instructed its New York office to offer all possible assistance to Sirhan. The committees spokesman, former Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el-Husseini, who visited Berlin during World War II and collaborated with Hitler, said it had instructed its New York representatives to legally defend Sirhan as far as United States law will permit. The committee is known in New York as the Palestine Arab Delegation. Its New York representatives are Issa Nakhleh and Omar Azzouni, both attorneys
Facts - Volumes 18-22 - Page 482 - Anti-defamation League of B'nai B'rith., 
The Organization of Arab Students (OAS) claims to represent all Arab students on American college and university campuses. Although it purports to function as a "cultural and educational" organization, OAS is, in fact, a major source of anti-Israel propaganda in the United States.
On March 7, 1969, pro-Arab activists distributed copies of Free Palestine, the Fatah publication, along with subscription blanks, at a Los Angeles meeting sponsored by the Arab Higher Committee, headed by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem supported Hitler in World War II.
Featured speaker at the meeting was Issa Nakhleh, a representative in the U.S. of the Mufti group. Invitations to the meeting were sent to persons on the mailing lists of the Christian Nationalist Crusade, the orgnization headed by Gerald Smith, long-time anti- Jewish propagandist, and of Western Front, an organization headed by Walter White, husband of Mrs. Opal Tanner White, a long-time Smith aide.
Anti‐Zionists and antisemites
Patterns of Prejudice , Volume 4, 1970 - Issue 4, p.28
Taylor & Francis journals
The antisemitism of "anti-Zionism" was re- vealed when the violently anti-Jewish US paper. Common Sense, No. 560, of 15 May 1970, published a long article by an Arab lawyer, resident in London, Issa Nakhleh, LLB., "graduate of London Universuty and Barrister-at-Law of Lincoln's Inn", who not only berated "Zionist colonialism" and "Zionist control" of US mass media but also canvassed the neo-Nazi allegation that Zionist leaders had "railroaded the US into World War II to implement their 1933 declaration of War against Germany". In this spirit Mr. Nakhleh freely refers to "Jew war criminals" now, "Jew gangster of Tel Aviv" who were "completely eradicating Christianity and Islam from the holy Land".
He does his best to revive the somewhat old-fashioned propaganda -- Hitler's piece de resistance -- about "Jewish Bolshevism." He rehashes all the long discredited tales of "the international conspiracy of the Jews", how they have plotted the Bolshevik revolution in Russia unleashing communism in the world"... He also adds one or two touches...
Nakhleh is aware that "the American reader might question why it is, if Communism is Jewish ... then why does the Soviet Union now take a position of favouring the Arabs?" But he has a "very logical" answer." One the one hand he says, "Arab States were compelled to seek arms for their defense from the Soviet Union", and on the other, he argues, the Soviets are not really with the Arabs, since they tecognize and support the existence, sovereignty and rights of the so called 'Israel'". Therefore, he concludes, the Americans would be wise to back the Arabs against Israel, or rather the "Jew war criminals"...
The National Front unequivocally avows it racialisim. This is what its official statement says: "Is the NF a racialist organization? Yes. We are nationalists -- Patriots -- and we see as our first duty the preservation of the British Nation. While there is no such thing as the 'British race', the people whom we call British are the descendants of various tribes of European racial origin who invaded these islands in the Dark Ages and early Middle Ages. Because these tribes were kinfolk (e.g. the Normans were simply the French-speaking progency of Viking pirates who settled both in France and Britain), they were able to assimilate and form a homogeneous population group.
FOLLOWING HATEFUL VILE LYING WORDS BY CLASSIC FRAUD: ISSA NAKHLEH ARE QUOTED FOR INFORMATION PURPOSES ONLY
November 14, 1972
The Times from San Mateo, California · Page 10
Arab Says Hitler Didn't Kill Jews
UNITED NATIONS (UPI) -
The extermination of six million ... on orders of Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler was "a big lie" concocted by ...who are still "very rnuoh alive" in the United States and Israel, a Palestinian Arab told the United Nations Monday. Issa Nakhleh, head of the so - called "Palestine Arab deleglion" addressed the General Assembly's special political committee. currently in the middle of its annual debate on Palestine Arab refugees.
November 15, 1972
Panama City News-Herald from Panama City, Florida · Page 3
'Hitlers Killing Of Jews Big Lie', Arab Declares
Wednesday, November 15, Page 3 UNITED NATIONS (UPI)
The extermination of six million Jews on orders of Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler was "a big lie" concocted by.. who are still "very much alive" in the United States and Israel, a Palestinian Arab told the United Nations. Issa Nakhleh, head of the so- called "Palestine Arab delegation," addressed the General Assembly's special political committee, currently in the middle of its annual debate on Palestine Arab refugees.
The allegation by Nakhleh drew swift condemnation from Israeli delegate Jacob Doron, who termed the Palestine Arab delegation "another name for the Arab higher command headed by the notorious ex- mufti of Jerusalem who has a record of terrorism and murder going back 50 years."
Daily Independent Journal from San Rafael, California · Page 2
November 14, 1972
Execution Of Jews Is Called A Lie
Tuesday, Nov. 14, 1972 Arab Says Hitler Didn't Kill Jews
By U P. INTERNATIONAL UNITED NATIONS (UPI) - The extermination of six million Jews on orders of Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler was a big lie concocted by ... who are still very much alive in the United States and Israel, a Palestinian Arab told the United Nations Monday. Issa Nakhleh, head of the so- called Palestine Arab delegation, addressed the General Assemblys special political committee, currently in the middle of its annual debate on Palestine Arab refugees.
The allegation by Nakhleh drew swift condemnation from Israeli delegate Jacob Doron, who termed the Palestine Arab delegation another name for the Arab higher command headed by the notorious ex- mufti of Jerusalem who has a record of terrorism and murder going back 50 years. Nakhleh, whose delegation does not have a standing with the United Nations outside of its annual appearance before the political committee, also charged that ... had financed and cooperated with Hitler before he came to power in 1933. Nakhleh said the J.. had invented the big lie of the extermination of six million Jews in Europe who were still very much alive in the United States and in Palestine (Israel). He added, ... used this big lie of the six million to blackmail Germany for more than $18 billion as compensation. The world J... propaganda machine keeps reminding the Gentiles of their responsibility for the alleged extermination of the six million Jews and suppresses the truth which was published in several Jewish periodicals that Hitler was a.., Nakhleh added.
Pomona Progress Bulletin (Newspaper) - November 15, 1972, Pomona, California Progress-Bulletin, p.39
Progress-Bulletin, Pomona, Calif., Wednesday, November 15, 1972
Arab Says Nazi Murder Of Jews a 'Big Lie' UNITED NATIONS (UPI) The extermination of six million Jews on orders of Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler was "a big lie concocted by ...who are still very much alive in the United States and Israel, a Palestinian Arab told United Nations Monday. Issa Nakhleh head of the so called Palestine Arab delegation, addressed the General Assemblys special....
November 15, 1972
Clovis News-Journal from Clovis, New Mexico · Page 9
UNITED NATIONS (UPI) The extermination of six million Jews on orders of Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler was "a big lie'" concocted by ... who are still "very much alive" in the United States and Israel, a Palestinian Arab told the United Nations Monday. Issa Nakhleh, head of the so-called "Palestine Arab delegation," addressed the General Assembly's special political committee, currently in the middle of its annual debate on Palestine Arab refugees. | The allegation by Nakhleh drew swift condemnation..
Nakhleh said the ... "invented the big lie of... extermination of six million... "still very much alive" in the United States and Israel. He said the "lie" was perpetuated "to blackmail Germany for more than $18 billion as compensation." "The world J... keeps reminding the Gentiles of their responsibility for the "alleged" extermination of the six million Jews ...
Jewish Observer and Middle East Review - Volume 21 - Page 7, 1972
PROSPECTS FOR PEACE between Israel and the Arabs are better now than ever before , in the opinion of Israel's Deputy ...
THE NAZI EXTERMINATION of six million Jews was " a big lie concocted by Jews , a Palestinian Arab declared on Monday in the United Nations . Issa Nakhleh , head of the so - called Palestine - Arab Delegation , was addressing the General Assembly's special legal committee currently debating the Palestine refugee issue parallel with the Assembly's debate on terrorism. His accusation drew swift condemnation from Israeli delegate Jacob Doron . . He recalled the collaboration between the former Mufti of Jerusalem ( for whom Nakhleh is the New York spokesman ) and Eichmann and Hitler . Nakhleh then retorted that Hitler was a ...
National Lampoon - Page lviii -
New York Times (L. Kagan) 1973
According to Issa Nakhleh, a Palestinian Arab leader, the six million Jews generally thought to have been exterminated by Hitler are very much alive" and living in the United States and Israel after fabricating the well-known story of their deaths..
Nakhke said it was the... invented the big lie....
East Europe - Volume 23, Issues 1-2 - Page 30 - 1974
Palestinian Arab Opposition to Kissinger By Issa Nakhleh..... The mere fact that Dr. Kissinger and his family became refugees from Germany, and were subjected to persecution and indignities in Nazi Germany, must have left a very deep impression on his mind and soul.
Near East Report - Volumes 16-18 - Page 139 - 1972
Pressed for his view on the Kissinger appointment, Issa Nakhleh, U.N. observer for the Palestinian Arab delegation, exclaimed: "You Jews are doing the same thing you did in Germany."
Icon of Evil: Hitler's Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam, David G. Dalin, John F. Rothmann, 2008, Biography & Autobiography, p.119-120.
In 1978, for example, in the midst of the political activity surrounding the historic diplomatic summit at Camp David attended by Jimmy Carter, Menachem Begin and Anwar Al Sadat, Holocaust denial found public expression in a memorandum submitted to presidents Carter and Sadat by the Palestinian Arab diplomat Issa Nakhleh.
Nakhleh, one of the mufti's closest political confidants and collaborators and a noted Holocaust denier, had served for several decades as the permanent representative ofthe Arab Higher Committee for Palestine at the United Nations. "The hoax of the .. who supposedly perished in Europe. Nakhleh stated emphatically, has been used by the Zionists to win sympathy...
American Spectator - Volume 19 - Page 20 - 1986
... Muslim Congress's representatives at the symposium was Issa Nakhleh, an attorney who has served as U.N. Observer
of the Arab Higher Committee for Palestine, and who, during the 1960s and early 1970s, was associated with the late Gerald L.K. Smith (writing for Smith's publication, The Cross and the Flag), and with the racist West Coast group, Western Front.
In 1981 Nakhleh spoke at the Third Annual Convention of the Institute for Historical Review, a group that maintains that the Holocaust is a myth concocted by Jews. Nakhleh's address was called "Palestinians and Zionist genocide"...
The Six Million Reconsidered attempts to prove that the Holocaust never occurred; Antizion, a compendium of anti-Semitic writing, includes a description of Hitler as a "twentieth century statesman" and the assertion, "There were no Jews killed in ' gas ...
Extremism on the Right: A Handbook - Page 49 - 1983
Beyond promoting anti-Semitism, these meetings have, on occasion, also promoted anti-Israel, Arab propaganda. In 1967, just before the outbreak of the Six Day war, Issa Nakhleh, a representative of the Palestine Arab Delegation, journeyed to the West Coast to speak to Western Front supporters.
Kenneth S. Stern
The American Jewish Committee
New York - 1993
... One of the earliest Palestinian references to Holocaust denial occurred at the United Nations. "In 1972," wrote Teressa Hendry approvingly in the December 1978 edition of the National Educator, "with little attendant publicity, a Palestinian Arab addressed the UN, charging that the Zionists financed Adolf Hitler and 'invented the big lie of the extermination of the ...
117. For many years the IHR, like its cousin, the Liberty Lobby, has tried to Ingratiate itself with the Arab world. While refusing to call what happened to Jews in World War II genocide, it liberally promotes the term to describe lsraeli treatment of Palestinians. At the IHR's Third Revisionist Conference, lssah Nakhleh, described as "chairman of the Palesline-Arab Committee," was a highlighted speaker about "Zionist genocide." An IHR article noting the criticism of the Palestinian Red Crescent Society for printing Holocaust denial wondered if the Red Crescent would be expelled from the ICRC, thus allowing Israel "to strafe those Palestinian ambulances which roll up to collect the latest dead and wounded Arab youngsters on the West Bank and Gaza strip?" An IHR pamphlet advertising its tenth conference quotes Faurisson as saying: "Of course I am ready to go to jail. I don't mind. I am sure that I will convert first the guards, and then the prisoners, because seventy per cent of them are Arabs."
Icon of Evil: Hitler's Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam - David Dalin - 2017
In 1982, Issa Nakhleh published an article in Journal of Historical Review, a publication devoted to Holocaust denial...
Shofar FTP Archive File: orgs/american/ihr//nakhleh
Archive/File: orgs/american/ihr nakhleh One participant of the 1982 conference was Issa Nakhleh, head of the Palestine Arab Delegation, an extremist pro-PLO group originally formed by the notorious Grand Mufti of Jerusalem who broadcast from Nazi Germany to the Arabs in the Middle East. In the US, Nakhleh has associated in recent years with Western Front, an antisemitic organisation.
This site is intended for educational purposes to teach about the Holocaust and to combat hatred. Any statements or excerpts found on this site are for educational purposes only.
As part of these educational purposes, Nizkor may include on this website materials, such as excerpts from the writings of racists and antisemites. Far from approving these writings, Nizkor condemns them and provides them so that its readers can learn the nature and extent of hate and antisemitic discourse. Nizkor urges the readers of these pages to condemn racist and hate speech in all of its forms and manifestations.
Henri Temianka Correspondence - Chapman University Digital Commons
by E Aran · 1982
Dec 15, 1982 · telegram to the district attorney from Issa Nakhleh, Chairman of the "Palestine Arab Delegation" and adviser to the "World Muslim Congress"...
Who is Ditlieb Felderer?
To the Liberty Lobby and to the Palestine Arab delegation to the UN , "unfettered scholar".
To the court in Sweden he is a criminal who defamed Jews
... the IHR thesis that the Holocaust was a hoax...
The Holocaust denial: antisemitism, racism & the new right - Page xxviii - Gill Seidel - 1986
The previous year the conference had been addressed by Mr Issah Nakhleh, who describes himself as "Legal Adviser to the World Muslim Conference". In 1982, when the Swedish Holocaust- denier, Ditlieb Felderer, was convicted of ...
Anti-Zionism - Yohanan Manor - Department of Information, World Zionist Organization, 1984 - Antisemitism - 21 pages - p.20
Ibrahim Ayad, one of Arafat's advisors declarations to the newspaper, A IkaiAlaam, 9 March 1982;
cf also the telegram sent by Issa Nakhleh, president of the Palestinian Arab Delegation to the United Nations and Judicial Adviser to the World Muslim Congress, to the Attorney- General of Stockholm, Thorsten Jonsson, asking for the release of Dietlieb Felderer, well- known Holocaust revisionist, Heritage, 31 December 1982.
Les Protocoles des sages de Sion: Faux et usages d'un faux - Pierre-André Taguieff - Fayard, Oct 6, 2004 - Social Science - 508 pages
.. ainsi qu'à l'intervention très significative du président de la Délégation arabe palestinienne aux Nations Unies , également conseiller juridique au Congrès mondial musulman , Issa Nakhleh , auprès du procureur général de Stockholm , Thorsten Jonsson , et demandant à celui - ci par un télégramme officiel la mise en liberté de Ditlieb Felderer
Les Protocoles des sages de Sion - Pierre-André Taguieff - Berg international, 1992 - Antisemitism - 1223 pages, p.328
[Translated by Google:
... as well as the very significant intervention of the President of the palestinian Arab Delegation to the United Nations, also legal advisor to the World Muslim Congress, Issa Nakhleh, to the Attorney General of Stockholm...]
HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR WINS SUIT
Jan. 18, 1986 [p.10]
A jury awarded $5.2 million today to a survivor of a Nazi concentration camp who asserted he had been emotionally tortured by the taunts of a man who kept telling him the Holocaust was a fiction.
The jury in Los Angeles Superior Court deliberated only three hours and 45 minutes before finding that a Swedish publisher, Ditlieb Felderer, should be held responsible for damages to the plaintiff, Mel Mermelstein, for libel and intentional inflicting of emotional distress.
Mr. Mermelstein's hands trembled and he choked back tears while the clerk read the panel's decision awarding him $500,000 in compensatory damages and $4.75 million in punitive damages.
Mr. Felderer was not represented in court in the two-day trial because he never answered the complaint. Mr. Mermelstein's attorneys hope to have any default judgment against him enforced by the Swedish Government.
Mr. Mermelstein, who is 59 years old, sued Mr. Felderer in 1981 for statements the Swede made about Mr. Mermelstein in a publication called the Jewish Information Bulletin. Mr. Felderer is a member of the editorial advisory committee to the Institute for Historical Review, an organization based in Torrance, Calif., that asserts the Nazis never had an extermination policy for the Jews.
One of the pamphlets Mr. Felderer sent to Mr. Mermelstein included a letter calling him a racist and ''exterminationist.'' With hand-drawn cartoons, the letter mocked assertions that Jews were gassed at Auschwitz.
In testimony, Mr. Mermelstein tearfully recalled his experiences at the death camp, and of losing his brother and father in work camps and watching his mother and sister led to gas chambers.
Mr. Mermelstein's psychiatrist, Dr. Daniel Borenstein, testified that the survivor struggled for years with his anguish over the atrocities he had seen at Auschwitz, but that by 1973 he was cured. But Dr. Borenstein testified that Mr. Mermelstein regressed completely in 1980 when he began receiving pamphlets from Mr. Felderer, saying that Mr. Mermelstein was ''peddling the exterminationist hoax.''
Project MUSE -
Perceptions of the Holocaust in Palestinian Public Discourse
Meir Litvak and Esther Webman
Vol. 8, No. 3, Israel and the Holocaust (Fall, 2003), pp. 123-140
MeirLitvak and Esther Webman Perceptions of the Holocaust in Palestinian Public Discourse
TOWARDS DENIAL: 1945-1948
The origins of the Palestinian discourse could be discerned in the period before the end of the war. The growing realization of the extent of the Jewish tragedy brought about mounting pressure by the Zionist movement to hasten the rescue of Jewish survivors and refugees and to allow increased Jewish immigration to Palestine. Understanding the repercussions of the possible success of this Zionist eff ort on the struggle over Palestine, Palestinian public figures and the press had to address, willingly or unwillingly, the issue of the Holocaust in their response to the evolving political conditions. Two approaches seem to have emerged simultaneously since
these very early days.
One, which was shared by other Arab leaders, acknowledged the Jewish tragedy in Europe but rejected any linkage between it and the situation in Palestine. It argued that the entire world should participate..
... Some Palestinian writers conclude that this alleged collaboration was not only motivated by pragmatism but also by the ideological affinity between Nazism and Zionism, claiming that many Nazi leaders sympathized with Zionism and its goals. Issa Nakhle, for instance, attributed the mutual admiration of both movements to the great similarity between them.
Reference & User Services Quarterly - Volume 45, Issues 1-4 - Page 78 - Library of Congress - 2005
For instance, there is no entry on suicide or suicide bombers. Anyone wishing to trace the history of this particular aspect of the conflict would need to know which particular organizations, such as Hamas and the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, have engaged in this practice. There are no directly comparable reference works available.
Philip Mattar's Encyclopedia of the Palestinians (Facts On File, 2000), the most recent work on the subject, is focused much more on the history and culture of the people over a longer time period, and less so on the conflict, and, for the most part, it is not concerned with an Israeli perspective...
Another title, Issa Nakhleh's Encyclopedia of the Palestine Problem (Intercontinental Books, 1991) is essentially a piece of anti- Israel propaganda.
Middle East: Abstracts and index - Page 955 - Northumberland Press, 1994 - Middle East
But the pseudo-historical assumptions of Mr. Nakhleh are more important than his racist style. He threatens Mr. Christopher and the crazy Israelis' with Arab and/ or Muslim unity, a unity that Is going to destroy Israel as the Crusaders were ...
REMAPPING THE COLD WAR: ARGENTINE-ARAB WORLD TRANSNATIONALISM,
1946-1973 - TCU Digital Repository - Texas Christian University
by D Grantham · 2015
led by nationalists and pro-Catholic groups, like the Tacuara, turned on Jewish citizens and ... Arab League representative in Argentina, Issa Nakhle, started
Israel in the Third World - Michael Curtis, Susan Aurelia Gitelson · 1976 · History - pp.157-8
In September 1947 an official delegation, representing the Arab states, visited Latin America...
On the establishment of the state of Israel, Arab propaganda's main job was to content that Israel was a fictitious state... the Arabs also tried to influence public opinion... "Jewish imperialism"...
... LA representation in Arab countries has increased. .. To this list may be added Arab League representation that began in 1952 when Issa Nakhle, accredited as. press attache to the Egyptian Embassy and later a Syrian diplomat, opened an office in Buenos Aires. The office continues to function despite a crisis in 1964, caused by the relations of Hussein Triki with right-wing circles.
A curious result of this policy took place at the United Nations in 1962: Ahmed Shukairy, then head of the Saudi Arabian delegation, openly praised the Argentine Nazi group Tacuara. The Argentine delegate expressed dismay.
Another example of cooperation between pro-Nazi groups and the Arabs is the Chilean publication Cruz Gamada (swastika), most of which is devoted to "Palestine. Arab land" and "Communist- Jewish infiltration." Or "capitalist Jewish exploitation,"
Another curious result of this sort of collusion took place in Buenos Aires in 1964. At a public meeting called to express solidarity with the Arab states, the Arab League delegate was greeted with " expel the Jews to Israel" and the Nazi salute.
Israeli-Latin American Relation, Edy Kaufman, Yoram Shapira, Joel Barromi, Transaction Publishers, 1979
[American Muslims for Jerusalem: Radical] Islam's American lobby
by Daniel Pipes
September 20, 2001
The terror attacks on America could not have taken place without a sophisticated infrastructure of agents operating inside the United States that gathered information, planned, and then executed the four hijackings. That infrastructure, in turn, could operate thanks in large part to the protection provided by America's militant Islamic lobby.
The militant Islamic lobby impeded law enforcement's ability to devote special attention to Middle Eastern passengers, a procedure that surely would have caught the four suicide teams. The lobby also forestalled the closing down of Web sites and the expulsion of foreigners associated with terrorist organizations like Osama bin Laden's....
The pattern was set at AMJ's first major event, a fundraising in November 1999, which one participant described as "crudely anti-Jewish." Speakers like Nihad Awad and Abudrahman Almoudivied with one another... they spun an elaborate conspiracy theory about Jewish control...
The dinner's keynote speaker, Issa Nakhleh of the Arab Supreme Council for Palestine... proposed as specific scheme for achieving this goal. By his (fanciful) calculations, the Israel lobby spends $20 million a year to buy members of Congress and have them impose the "Jewish" message on Christians. Arabs and Muslims can easily do better, Nakhleh suggested, by sending fundraising delegations to Saudi Arabia and the emirates. "I am sure you will get $10 million from these two, and Iran will give you $10 million," thereby surpassing the supposed pro-Israel funding. (Never mind that it is illegal to lobby Congress with money that comes from abroad).
The evening's excess of inaccuracy...
Miniatures: Views of Islamic and Middle Eastern Politics
By Daniel Pipes
Issa Nakhleh, IAP :: Audio and Video Clips :: The Investigative Project on Terrorism
Issa Nakhleh, IAP
November 26, 1999
Issa Nakhleh, of the Arab Higher Committee for Palestine in New York City and a former advisor to the delegation of Arab states of the United Nations, promulgates anti-Semitic conspiracy theories at a Chicago conference of the Islamic Association for Palestine (IAP), a Hamas support group in November of 1999.
Nakhleh: My Sisters and Brothers, I am going to address you tonight about the Zionist conspiracy to destroy Al Masjid Al Aqsa, Al Kupa Til Sakrah, wa Haram Al Sharif and to build a Jewish Temple. Now what the Jews are doing every month, everyday they make resolutions, all rabbis in the United States in England, and in Israel, they make meetings, conferences and they declare that they have to destroy Al Masjid Al Aqsa and build the Temple."
One Land, Two People, and Dozens of Errors
By: Eric Rozenman - September 1, 2004
...the Posts inclusion of the Encyclopedia of the Palestine Problem, edited by Issa Nakhleh. In the encyclopedias introduction, Nakhleh blames World War II on the Jews. He claims that Zionist leaders in the United States, in Great Britain and throughout the world, not only waged their "holy war" against Germany and the Germans in the economic field, but they initiated a world-wide propaganda campaign to block any avenue of understanding, or settlement of disputes, between Germany, Great Britain and France. The pressure which Zionists were exerting upon Great Britain and France to wage war against Germany was quite apparent everywhere and could not be mistaken.
To these "Elders of Zion" conspiracy ravings, Nakhleh adds the accusation that "the Zionist and Israeli leaders have followed in the footsteps of the Nazis."
Nahkleh dedicates the encyclopedia to two of his heroes. The first is the pro-Nazi Palestinian Arab leader Haj Amin al-Husseini, who incited anti-Jewish pogroms in pre-war Palestine and then spent World War II in Berlin advising Nazi leaders. The second is Saudi King Faisal ibn Abdul Aziz, who also promoted anti-Semitic conspiracy theories and once handed a copy of the czarist forgery The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zionto then Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.
ANTI - JEWISH ACTIVITIES ARABS IN ARGENTINE - 1958
CHAPTER V THE ARAB LEAGUE IN ARGENTINA.
The Arab League is not officially recognized by Argentina...
According to its historical tradition, great Britain, tries to prevent, through intrigue and manouevers of its satellites in the Middle East the Arab aspiration to constitute a nation the civilizers close the road to those becoming civilized," The Arab League, as said before, is not officially recognized by Argentina. This does not mean, however, that it does not deploy great activity.
On the contrary, under the disguise of other names, or by fronting through other Arab or Argentine bodies, it is intensely active.
Its representative until lately was Issa Nakhle, who, inter alia, published under his editorship the journal "America y Oriente", starting from November 20, 1952, until he left the country in "AMERICA Y ORIENTE" was a very efficient arm of the Arab propaganda, and reached wide circulation among the leading J'eronist circles, antisemitic nationalist groups, nazi elements and university circles.
On the other it is apparent now that Issa Nakhle was the factotum of said journal, and since he left the country, it stopped publication and it seems that at the moment there are no people capable to continue the work.
Many other means are being used, in the meantime.- In that journal, besides the glorification of Naguib and later of Nasser, and of other Arab rulers, great space was devoted to falsifying grossly the real situation in the Middle East, and to infamous slanders against Israel, among them chiefly the item that "the Jews desecrate the holy places of Jerusalem", that they persecute other faiths, particularly the catholics.
One of its objectives was to incite the hate against the Jews of our own country. Furthermore, by establishing an identity of ideals between the Arab countries and Latin-America, based on pretended common longings of "liberation from the imperialist yoke and the flowering of the nationalist movements for freedom and progress", the journal suggested the establishment of a block of Latin-American countries in support of the Afro-asian demands, and particularly in support of the Arab demands. At the same time, and from the start, "america y ORIENTE" attacked the Jews. In an article called "The Arab League and Bonn", it criticized the decision of the Bonn government to the amount of 715 million dollars to the Jews as reparations, echoing the Arab League's protest before Bonn against that decision. It referred very often to the problem of the Arab refugees of Palestine. lt went so far as to praise openly the criminal and terrorist action of the "fedayeen", counting some of their "prowesses".
The virulence and the deleterious effects of the propaganda campaign managed by "America y Oriente", caused the DAIA to present July 23,1954, an ample memorandum to the Minister of the Interior, in which it was said that "It has become a custom with Arab publications appearing in Argentina to attack regularly and systematically the Jews living in this country, to whom is thus made extensive the hate against Israel in the Middle fast."
Previously, on December 2nd, 1953, in a note addressed to the same ministry, DAIA had drawn the attention to the anti-jewish campaign of "El Diario Sirio-Libanes".- In order to furnish a more precise idea about the danger involved in our country by Issa Nakhle's action, we may add the fact that the Israeli ambassador felt compelled to make a presentation before the Ministry for Foreign Affairs by the end of 1956, in which he drew the attention "to the activities of an organism called "Delegation of the League of Arab States" and of its head, Mr. Issa Nakhle, stressing that by a campaign of instigation to racial and religious hate an attempt is being made to create in the public opinion a feeling contrary to the friendly relations between Argentina and Israel.
This poisonous agitation, carried out through the despatch of letters and pamphlets profusely distributed in the streets, propagates vicious slander, appealing to the most primitive instincts and attempts to convince the public of the existence of a "world Jewish plot whose objective is to throw out Christianity from the holy places in Palestine".
This propaganda was a direct outgrowth of the one carried out in nazi Germany.
The presentation also stressed the fact that the person responsible for said campaign pretended to invest diplomatic character and was supposed to carry out a mission of the Syrian government before the Argentine government.
Issa Nakhle had started his activity in Buenos Aires several years earlier as Press Attache to the Egyptian Embassy, later he was the founder and editor of the journal "America y Oriente", known for its systematical anti-jewish campaign and its glorification of the totalitarian regimes, particularly of the nazi Germany.
In August 1956 Issa Nakhle returned to Argentina, after a prolonged trip to the Soviet Union, this time in his character of head of the "Delegation of the League of Arab States", armed with a diplomatic passport as plenipotentiary minister of the Syrian government.
This status created the mistaken impression that the formerly egyptian "diplomat" and present Syrian "diplomat" was exercising his authority with the Argentine government's consent Issa Nakhle, main promoter of the Arab propaganda campaigns has been succeeded by Nazih Hakim, who came to this country in June 1957 and henceforth deploys an intensive action, within the line established by his predecessor. He publishes pamphlets, inspires statements signed by institutions which seem to exist or revive only when there has to be signed some advertisement or statement,and gives lectures. Lately he has carried out a series of visits to the more important Arab communities in the provinces.
In these meetings propaganda films are displayed. He has attempted to have these d-ocumentals shown in commercial movie houses,up to now to no avail.he had planned for March last a great meeting in the city of Mendoza,with the cooperation of the Cuyo University. He sends petitions and protests to various embassies.from, his office have started various actions,particularly related to the problems of Algeria and Tunis.
He tries to establish offices; of the Arab League in other Latin-American countries.he is also endeavouring to attract to the Arab cause Argentine personalities. Nazih Hakim figures as Press councillor to the Syrian embassy in our country.
Attitudes towards Jews in Argentina - Jstor
by VA Mirelman · 1975
and published a bulletin under the name Tacuara which appeared irregularly. ... Issa Nakhle who had started his activity there as Press Attache of the Egyptian.
Formation of 'palestine Arab Delegation Announced by Arab at U. N.
July 19, 1961
The formation of a new, so-called Palestine Arab Delegation, dedicated to the termination of the unjustified occupation of 80 percent of the territory of Palestine by Zionist aliens, was announced here today.
The announcement was made in a communication signed by one Issa Nakhleh, who calls himself permanent representative of the Palestine Arab Delegation. Little is known here about Mr. Nakhleh, except that he claims to be a refugee from Palestine. It is understood that, since 1948, he has lived most of the time in Argentina. He has been in the United States since the fall of the Argentine regime headed by ex-dictator Juan Peron.
Investigation into abductions of American children to Saudi Arabia: hearings before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, second session, June 12; October 2 and 3; and December 4 and 11, 2002, Volume 4 - United States, United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform · 2003 · Custody of children
Mr . Nakhleh also suggests that this investigation is a result of Congress being controlled by the Israeli lobby . Have you heard anything like that...
The truth about Christians in 'Palestine'
By Joseph Farah
Published February 28, 2003 at 1:00am
There's a new propaganda effort under way designed to convince churches in the U.S. that Israel, not Yasser Arafat's the Palestinian Authority and the Arab states, is victimizing Christians in the Middle East.
The proposition would be laughable if it were not so well organized and ingeniously conceived and diabolically executed.
"Palestinian" Human Shields