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Cheap Hydrogen using Nanotechnology? NanoLogix Files Hydrogen Production Patent Application...
NanoTech Wire ^ | 6/1/2005 | NanoTech Wire

Posted on 06/03/2005 8:54:47 AM PDT by Neville72

NanoLogix, Inc.,, a Nanobiotechnology company engaged in the research, development and commercialization of technologies for the production of bacteria and disease testing kits, alternative sources of fuel, cancer therapy and remediation of toxic materials, announced that it has filed a provisional patent application for its proprietary method of synergistically combining a bacteria-based hydrogen production method with excess industrial heat. The excess heat utilized by this method helps isolate hydrogen producing bacteria in the bacteria-based hydrogen production method. The bacterial hydrogen production process uses excess heat that is produced during standard usage of hydrogen production method, thereby reducing the cost of the hydrogen production by running two methods simultaneously and conserving energy.

NanoLogix recently announced that preliminary data and results of a study which confirms laboratory proof-of-concept measurements have shown it possible to generate hydrogen in high yields via the use and adaptation of its intellectual property. In this study, the bioreactor produced biogas consisting of 50% hydrogen by volume, without any trace of methane.

"NanoLogix intends to dominate the patent coverage for a variety of disruptive technologies at a time when the energy and healthcare industries are screaming for change," said David McClelland, President of NanoLogix. "We are seeing confirmation of this by the caliber of companies we are in discussions with who have expressed interest in our technology, in addition to significant progress we are making in our research collaborations," he added.

Recently, NanoLogix, Inc. signed a feasibility study with the Department of Environmental Science and Engineering of Gannon University in Erie, PA to develop a bioreactor which utilizes NanoLogix's patented bacterial culturing methods in order to produce hydrogen inexpensively. Hydrogen reacts with oxygen to yield significant amounts of energy, and has the added benefit of not producing carbon dioxide as a by-product (the reaction between hydrogen and oxygen simply generates water vapor). NanoLogix believes they have discovered the most likely method for low cost production of massive quantities of hydrogen as an alternate energy source. NanoLogix has ascertained through its patent counsel that there are eleven relevant U.S. patents concerning the database containing the terms "Clostridia" and "Hydrogen Production." NanoLogix presently owns five of these eleven issued patents.

NanoLogix, Inc., formerly known as Infectech (, is a technology application innovator of biogas products and services designed to assist in worldwide energy independence and reduce pollution from renewable, environmentally-friendly energy sources. NanoLogix is also engaged in the research and development of diagnostic test kits designed to be used for the rapid identification of infectious human diseases. The Company's patents span the identification and antibiotic sensitivity testing of 34 disease-producing bacteria, including M. tuberculosis (TB), Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI), pseudomonas, and nocardia. These bacteria are cited as prominent causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer, cystic fibrosis, and AIDS. Additionally, NanoLogix owns a patent for the nontoxic induction of apoptosis in cancer cells utilizing hydrophobic hydrocarbons. Apoptosis is a method for inducing a genetically based induction of "cell suicide" in cells. The Company's 31 patents can be viewed by visiting .

The convergence of science, medicine and technology is on the cusp of yielding extraordinary breakthroughs. Today, patents that were once designed to identify bacteria have widespread applications across multiple markets. At the heart of this convergence is nature. All things begin and end with the building blocks of life. NanoLogix's portfolio of 31 patents have yielded a method vital to the development of biophasic system devices intended for medical purposes to cultivate and identify certain pathogenic microorganisms. The devices contain one or more components that suppress the growth of certain microorganisms while either promoting or not affecting the growth of other microorganisms. The FDA registered devices aid in the diagnosis of disease caused by the pathogenic microorganisms. Additional products include a method for low cost hydrogen production, a genomic cancer therapy and methods for cleaning up toxic environments using bioremediation.

NanoLogix's patents have nanotechnology applications in medical drugs/devices, bio-defense sensors, hydrogen production, cancer treatment and bioremediation. Nanotechnology applications include Biochips embedded in small transportable devices for rapid bacteria identification of disease causing pathogens, and Bio Micro Electro Mechanical Systems ("BioMEMS") for rapid environmental microbial monitoring with bio-defense implications. Its hydrogen bioreactor research is designed to assist in worldwide energy independence and reduce pollution using renewable, environmentally-friendly energy sources. NanoLogix's FDA registered diagnostic test kits are designed to be used for the rapid identification of infectious human diseases and identify 34 disease-producing bacteria, including Tuberculosis (TB), Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI), Pseudomonas, and Nocardia. These bacteria are cited as prominent causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer, cystic fibrosis, and AIDS, as well as in patients undergoing surgery. Additionally, NanoLogix owns a patent for the nontoxic induction of apoptosis in cancer cells utilizing hydrophobic hydrocarbons. Apoptosis is a method for inducing a genetically based induction of "cell suicide" in cells. It therefore serves as the foundation for cancer therapy. NanoLogix's other patents include technology designed for use in the bioremediation of contaminated soil and water.

TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: energy; fuelcell; hydrogen; nanotech

1 posted on 06/03/2005 8:54:47 AM PDT by Neville72
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To: Neville72

H2-OH! PING!!!!!!!!

2 posted on 06/03/2005 8:58:37 AM PDT by Red Badger (Want to be surprised? Goooooooogle your own name.............)
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To: Neville72

I have little aptitude for science but, man...I love these scientists...fascinating stuff

3 posted on 06/03/2005 9:11:26 AM PDT by Irontank (Every decent man is ashamed of the government he lives under)
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To: Irontank
50% of the output gasses is Hydrogen..

Potentially massive drop in the cost of hydrogen production..
If they can bring the cost of producing hydrogen down to comparable costs for gasoline, changeover would probably take place within a decade...
Totally transforming our economy...

4 posted on 06/03/2005 9:15:25 AM PDT by Drammach (Freedom; not just a job, it's an adventure..)
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To: Neville72
Wouldn't it be funny if they figured out how to make hydrogen from various biomass? I can hear the wife now asking me to hurry up and do a "number 2" in the toilet attached to the cars hydrogen fuel cell so she can go to the grocery store.

I like that idea. We could tell the Arabs to keep their oil because we have something better. Home made American crap.....

5 posted on 06/03/2005 9:22:01 AM PDT by isthisnickcool (Get all the incumbents out of politics!)
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To: Drammach

Isnt there still an issue with the volume of storage needed to travel the minimum 300 miles that the auto makers say the consumer wants? Namely that under the best refrigerated conditions the volume of hydrogen needed to propel the average car a distance of 300 miles between fill ups is at least double the volume of storage for gasoline, not to mention drastically more expensive.

6 posted on 06/03/2005 9:23:26 AM PDT by heckler (wiskey for my men, beer for my horses, rifles for sister sarah)
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To: Neville72

Very interesting. If it works, it could be big.

7 posted on 06/03/2005 9:23:30 AM PDT by Cicero (Marcus Tullius)
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To: isthisnickcool
Home made American crap.....

We have lot to spare so it would help our trade defiit as well.


8 posted on 06/03/2005 9:27:17 AM PDT by tm22721
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To: Drammach
Potentially massive drop in the cost of hydrogen production.. If they can bring the cost of producing hydrogen down to comparable costs for gasoline, changeover would probably take place within a decade... Totally transforming our economy...

It'll never happen - Big Hydrogen will buy up the patents to keep the technology off the market < /tinfoil hat >

9 posted on 06/03/2005 9:29:48 AM PDT by talleyman ("The greatest force in the universe? Compound interest." - Albert Einstein)
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To: isthisnickcool

That process is called pyrolysis and it has been around for a long time. Google "water gas" or "town gas". I have an acquaitance at work who was a young boy in Austria during WWII. He told me a story about some neighbors there who had built a wood pyrolyzer and attached it to their car. Motor fuel was severely rationed, but they found a way around that.

10 posted on 06/03/2005 9:44:18 AM PDT by Jack of all Trades
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To: Neville72
NanoLogix, Inc., formerly known as Infectech ...

I can see why they might have decided to change their name.

11 posted on 06/03/2005 9:48:38 AM PDT by AZLiberty (WikiWork -- The meme starts here.)
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To: heckler

Here's a discussion on hydrogen storage in fuel cells. There's some hurdles to overcome but if the cost of producing the hydrogen is brought down to the level the above article implies, then we're on our way.

Fuel Storage

Steel Tanks | Composite Tanks | Sodium Borohydride | Micropore Storage | Hydrogen Safety

Hydrogen gas is not an energy-dense fuel, so it can be difficult to store enough hydrogen gas into a fuel-cell powered car to power it over a practical driving range. Storing hydrogen in liquid form increases its energy density, but the extremely low temperatures and high pressures necessary for liquid storage are unrealistic for vehicular applications.

If hydrogen fuel is to be stored on-board a vehicle, a high-volume, low weight, safe storage system must be devised. Some possibilities for storage tanks include:

Steel Tanks
Steel tanks provide a safe a reliable way to store hydrogen, since similar tanks are now used to stock hydrogen gas to laboratories and universities. Tanks made from steel can hold hydrogen gas at a pressure of approximately 5,000 psi.

However, steel tanks do have several disadvantages. They are subject to hydrogen embrittlement and if its structure is ruptured (for example, in a car accident), steel projectiles can cause injuries. In addition, the tanks are heavy, so hydrogen storage would only constitute 0.5-1% by weight. The tanks would be difficult to refill, since hydrogen gas expands upon heating.

Composite Tanks
Composite tanks, comprised of polyethylene, have a high storage capacity (about 7% by weight) and weigh less than steel tanks. Composite tanks can store hydrogen at a pressure of about 10,000 psi, and the tanks can be shaped to fit in the chassis of a car. Composite tanks have the added safety feature of powdering upon impact, absorbing the majority of the energy of the collision before it reaches the fuel, and allowing the hydrogen gas to escape into the atmosphere.

In addition to pressurized tank storage, higher volumes of hydrogen can be stored with the aid of several chemical reactions:

Sodium Borohydride
Millenium Cell, Inc., has trademarked the phrase "Hydrogen on Demand" to describe a safe way to store hydrogen with sodium borohydride using the following reaction:

When hydrogen fuel is needed, the sodium borohydride solution is pumped over a catalyst, producing hydrogen and sodium borate, a non-toxic compound found in detergents. Both products and reactants of this simple system are stabile to air.

The "Hydrogen on Demand" system has a high effective hydrogen pressure (about 7,000 psi) and can store more hydrogen by volume than a polyethylene composite tank alone. Cars with a sodium borohydride storage system get about 300-400 miles per tank.

One disadvantage of the "Hydrogen on Demand" system is its cost. Sodium borohydride, not currently a popular chemical reagent, is expensive to purchase, and it is unknown whether the price would decrease enough to be cost efficient if used in fuel cell hydrogen storage.

Millenium Cell, Inc.'s "Hydrogen on Demand" video

Micropore Storage
The principle of hydrogen micropore storage is that molecules of hydrogen, under high temperatures and pressures, can enter the microscopic holes in media such as carbon nanotubes, graphite nanofibers and zeolites. Hydrogen remains trapped in the cavities of the material, but can be released again when the temperature is re-elevated. Buckminsterfullerenes, also known as buckyballs, have a theoretical hydrogen storage ability of 7 percent by weight. Using this theory, hydrogen could be stored in solid materials at room temperature, taking up much less space than when stored in pure solid or liquid form. In the car, the materials could be heated and hydrogen fuel could be extracted.

Carbon nanotube and zeolites.
Hydrogen Safety
People tend to think of hydrogen as an extremely dangerous gas to store around people. Images of the Hindenburg disaster and the hydrogen bomb make up a large part of the public's conception of hydrogen's behavior. However, these images do not accurately represent the facts about hydrogen storage safety.

There is, of course, no chance that hydrogen stored in a tank could accidentally start an uncontrolled fusion reaction. A fusion bomb requires special isotopes of hydrogen and such extreme conditions that a fission bomb is used as the detonator. The hydrogen on board the Hindenburg did burn, but most of the fire's severity and fatal effects can be attributed to the highly flammable fabric that encased the zeppelin and the diesel fuel on board. The coatings applied to the fabric to make it reflective and gas-tight are actually very similar to solid rocket fuel.

While hydrogen is a flammable and explosive gas, there are several reasons why it is often safer than gasoline. Since hydrogen is such a lightweight gas, it diffuses very quickly in air. If a tank develops a leak, the hydrogen is likely to diffuse out of the area so quickly that it cannot build up sufficient concentration to ignite in air. The risk of ignition is further reduced by the fact that the concentration of hydrogen in air must be fairly high to sustain a flame, four times greater than the concentration required for gasoline, in fact.

In the event of a fire, hydrogen has the advantage that it tends to float up and away from the source of the leak as it burns, rather than form a burning pool on the ground like gasoline.

12 posted on 06/03/2005 9:50:41 AM PDT by Neville72
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To: Drammach; Neville72
50% of the output gasses is Hydrogen..

Speaking of 50%, NanoLogix is a fifty cent pink sheet stock. Any good conservative Republican should see what the market has to say. The market says this company and their patent is a joke.

13 posted on 06/03/2005 10:22:26 AM PDT by Moonman62 (Federal creed: If it moves tax it. If it keeps moving regulate it. If it stops moving subsidize it)
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To: Neville72

The first thing i would like to say is that the technology itself has been in commercial use for several decades, and cannot be patented. What they have patents on are specific designed, which anyone can create or modify an existing design for combustion chambers, gas compression, purification, dehydration, and storage.

biomass can be converted into hydrogen and carbon by several different micro-organisms and algea, most of the expense is not in the system design and implementation, it is in the maintenance - ensuring the system is not contaminated, maintaining the proper conditions in the combustion chamber, replenising the reactive organisms when necessary.

Can it be done on a large scale? sure, there have been several large scale biomass-to-hydrogen-to-electricity projects implemented, some with great success. However, the costs of maintaining these projects make them less efficient than wind or solar based electrolysis.

Space considerations are also a disadvantage with bio-mass systems, because a much larger reactor is needed to produce the same ammount of hydrogen from bio-mass that could be created from a small PV or wind generator.

It's simply not feasible to produce large scale hydrogen from bio-mass, except in specific applications, such as food processing plants for energy cost-reduction, where bio-mass is readily available.

Direct Energy Conversion from Renewable Sources, such as wind, solar, or hydro-electric generators when coupled with battery storage systems, are capable of producing hydrogen at a fraction of the costs of conventional electricity.

14 posted on 03/06/2006 11:58:48 PM PST by CagedBear
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To: heckler

Danish Researchers Reveal New Hydrogen Storage Technology

Scientists at the Technical University of Denmark have invented a technology which may be an important step towards the hydrogen economy: a hydrogen tablet that effectively stores hydrogen in an inexpensive and safe material.

With the new hydrogen tablet, it becomes much simpler to use the environmentally-friendly energy of hydrogen. Hydrogen is a non-polluting fuel, but since it is a light gas it occupies too much volume, and it is flammable. Consequently, effective and safe storage of hydrogen has challenged researchers world-wide for almost three decades. At the Technical University of Denmark, DTU, an interdisciplinary team has developed a hydrogen tablet which enables storage and transport of hydrogen in solid form.

“Should you drive a car 600 km using gaseous hydrogen at normal pressure, it would require a fuel tank with a size of nine cars. With our technology, the same amount of hydrogen can be stored in a normal gasoline tank”, says Professor Claus Hviid Christensen, Department of Chemistry at DTU.

The hydrogen tablet is safe and inexpensive. In this respect it is different from most other hydrogen storage technologies. You can literally carry the material in your pocket without any kind of safety precaution. The reason is that the tablet consists solely of ammonia absorbed efficiently in sea-salt. Ammonia is produced by a combination of hydrogen with nitrogen from the surrounding air, and the DTU-tablet therefore contains large amounts of hydrogen. Within the tablet, hydrogen is stored as long as desired, and when hydrogen is needed, ammonia is released through a catalyst that decomposes it back to free hydrogen. When the tablet is empty, you merely give it a “shot” of ammonia and it is ready for use again.

“The technology is a step towards making the society independent of fossil fuels” says Professor Jens Nørskov, director of the Nanotechnology Center at DTU. He, Claus Hviid Christensen, Tue Johannessen, Ulrich Quaade and Rasmus Zink Sørensen are the five researchers behind the invention. The advantages of using hydrogen are numerous. It is CO2-free, and it can be produced by renewable energy sources, e.g. wind power.

“We have a new solution to one of the major obstacles to the use of hydrogen as a fuel. And we need new energy technologies – oil and gas will not last, and without energy, there is no modern society”, says Jens Nørskov.

Together with DTU and SeeD Capital Denmark, the researchers have founded the company Amminex A/S, which will focus on the further development and commercialization of the technology

15 posted on 07/05/2008 5:36:13 AM PDT by Jet225
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