Skip to comments.FLoyd Landis Drug Test Discussion Thread -- Please post links to all articles here.
Posted on 07/28/2006 4:49:10 AM PDT by commish
Making a central thread for people to link articles, post comments, discuss, etc -- the Floyd Landis, Tour de France Doping scandal.
".... Testosterone creams, pills and injections can build muscle and strength and improve recovery time after exertion when used over a period of several weeks, according to Gary Wadler, a member of the World Anti-Doping Agency and a spokesman for the American College of Sports Medicine.
But if Landis had been a user, earlier urine tests during the Tour would have been affected, too, Wadler said. Landis' first reported abnormal result was last Thursday, after his amazing come-from-behind performance in stage 17 of the race.
One-time use of steroids could result in an abnormal test, but it would have no effect on performance and could not account for Landis' astounding feat Thursday, ''so something's missing here,'' Wadler said. ''It just doesn't add up.''
I have a lot more aticles & quotes from anti-doping agency people, endocrinologists etc, but have to be away from my laptop for next half hour or so. I was depressed about this yesterday, but the more I'm discovering that this rush to judgement could very well be a big fat bust, I'm hopping mad!
Go, Girl, go, keep us in the loop.
And of course you to commish.
Thanks for the info and links.
Greg LeMond has been getting plenty of face time the last couple of days including an interview on the Today show this morning. I only wish Lauer had asked Greg if he had ever doped.
Before I go, here's Phil Liggett discussing the situation & the rush to judgement with Kyra Phillips on CNN:
Transcript Courtesy of CNN Live From
KYRA PHILLIPS, CNN ANCHOR: Well, first it was Lance, now it's Floyd Landis. So, we ask the question: Can an American, or any cyclist, for that matter, win the Tour de France without a hint of impropriety?
Landis' racing team announced today that an unusually high level of testosterone was found in a Landis test sample taken during the race.
Phil Liggett, a Tour de France announcer, joins us now live on the phone from London.
Phil, are you surprised?
PHIL LIGGETT, TOUR DE FRANCE ANNOUNCER: I'm very surprised. Shocked is probably a better word, in fact, because we didn't expect Landis to do this.
He made statements during the tour about riding a clean Tour de France and how good it was for the children. And now he's apparently come up with unusual levels of testosterone, which can mean one of two things. It's either a natural thing, which it can well be, and I hope that they are not making a big mistake by telling the press before they've had the second test confirm the first, or it's synthetic, in which case he is cheating.
PHILLIPS: Now, this, of course, happened with Lance Armstrong, and he was completely cleared of this. So...
PHILLIPS: ...is it possible that all this is coming out, and maybe the teams spoke a little too soon?
LIGGETT: It is quite possible. He's not near the team. The team are put into a corner. Somehow this has leaked out of either the test center or by the world body itself, because normally when you have a first test which is positive, no one knows until the second test confirms the first. And then the announcement is made and the sanctions are given.
Now, the team are forced into a decision, because we had the situation where Landis had just won the race the day after the Tour de France finished in Holland. He was due to ride another one, didn't turn up. Nobody knew where he was.
The rumor from the organizers, which are unconfirmed, was he had a problem with hisas you know, he has a hip replacement coming. It was painful. That proved to be untrue.
He should have gone to Denmark and raced there last night. He didn't do so. And then the team suddenly came up with the statement, yes, we've been told and we are totally shocked that Floyd has been told he's got these unnatural levels of testosterone in his system.
PHILLIPS: And, Phil, you mentioned this was a leak. And if I remember correctly, the same thing happened with Lance Armstrong.
I mean, is it common that there are people out there, whether it's jealousy or ego or money, whatever it is, just looking to somehow brandish the reputation of these cyclists?
LIGGETT: I think this is absolutely true. For example, we've only publicized the fact that, in all, 22 riders never got to start the Tour de France in Strasbourg because of this so-called Operation Puerto, where a doctor has admitted treating 200 people, changing their blood, and using the blood booster EPO, et cetera, of which he said 58 are cyclists.
We've never heard one of the other athletes named, yet he's said they are in football, basketball, tennis, et cetera. And now he's saying, "Half the guys that you threw off the Tour de France, I've never heard of in my life." And, in fact, the calls in Spain this week has said that four riders who were sent home have nothing against their name. They are free to ride again, and they're not on the list, and they're not under any drug suspicion.
But those stories, unfortunately, don't make the press anymore, because this story was the fact they were sent home.
There is a lot of trial by jury in the media and amongst the people, and they don't wait for the final outcome. And sadly, Floyd Landis, I don't know whether he's taken testosterone or not. But I do know the guy, and I would find it very difficult to believe he's a cheat.
And the way he rode, yes, it was extreme. One day he's collapsed, he's losing 10 minutes, he's an absolute shattered wreck, the next day he's winning the race by five and three quarter minutes and he looks like Superman. And so it makes me wonder whether that's possible, but...
PHILLIPS: Well, is that when he failed those tests? Were those tests taken after he had fallen behind and then he started to pick it up? Is that when he failed the test, Phil?
LIGGETT: No, he failed the test becauseand this is what's also strangeyou are automatically tested when you win a stage of the Tour de France. And this was the stage he won by six minutes. And he knows he has to go within 30 minutes directly to the testing area and give a urine sample.
That's the sample they say is positive.
PHILLIPS: OK, interesting. So it happened after the race.
So let me ask you this. He said he had a beer after the race. I mean, is it possible that alcohol can affect testosterone? I mean, obviously, I'm not a doctor. You and I aren't scientists, right? But, you know...
LIGGETT: Correct. What I understand is that testosterone is made by the body, and the brain tells the body what to make. And he was in a very, very emotional state.
He thought he'd lost the Tour one day. He was in a state of collapse. He no doubt re-hydrated overnight, probably intravenously with glucose, totally legal. Then the next day he comes and does this great performance.
When he crossed the line, he was a very angry young man. I've never seen himhe had a face like thunder. He was looking to punch anybody that went to him. And to me, apparently, that is a high testosterone indicator.
PHILLIPS: Now, his mom spoke out. Arlene Landis spoke out, and she saidlet's see the quoteI believe it was coming to us through The Associated Press.
"I didn't talk to him since that hit the fan, but I'm keeping things even keel until I know what the facts are. I know that this is a temptation to every rider, but I'm not going to jump to conclusions. It disappoints me."
What do you think of...
LIGGETT: Well, I think that's a very fair quote from a mom. The factthe fact is simple. It's not a difficult test, but what they've got to prove is, is thisif it's normally produced high testosterone levels, which it can be, then the guy's innocent, because you can't stop the body doing what it does.
If it's provedand again, there's a test of synthetic introduction of testosteroneif that's proved, then he's a cheat.
And they've got to make the decision between the two, and they've got to be sure they're right.
PHILLIPS: Phil Liggett, Tour de France announcer, sure appreciate your time. It was an honor to have you, sir.
LIGGETT: My pleasure.
SOURCE: Transcript Courtesy of CNN Live From
click here, scroll down for Liggett on Landis
If the doctor in leilani's post is correct, what could have happened? Bad test? Jealousy?(I've personally seen the hatred Europeans have for American dominance in this race) Is it possible for a man to generate the 4:1 testosterone ratio they're talking about...I mean for guys other than me? /stupid grin
History says Landis keeps Tour title
Friday, July 28, 2006
The Phonak cycling team was quick to distance itself from Tour de France winner Floyd Landis, but the smart money says Landis won't be stripped of his title despite a positive test for ''elevated levels of testosterone.''
Phonak suspended Landis and removed all references to him from its website, but Landis intends to challenge the test results and history appears to be on his side.
Landis told SI.com Thursday that an elevated level of testosterone is different from a positive test and that this is a fairly common problem among pro cyclists. Landis has retained Spanish doctor Luis Hernandez, who has aided other riders' appeals of similar test results. Landis and ESPN cycling analyst John Eustice both noted no cyclist has ever lost an appeal of a test for elevated testosterone levels.
Landis also said the next step is to submit to an endocrine test that might help him prove he just happens to be a guy walking around with an inordinate amount of testosterone in his blood.
Meanwhile, Landis will not be yukking it up with Jay Leno tonight. A spokesperson for the show said Landis' appearance will be rescheduled.
U.S. bids found lacking: The United States Olympic Committee has pared the number of potential candidates for the 2016 Games down to three cities, but USOC chairman Peter Ueberroth isn't very enthusiastic about the chances for Chicago, Los Angeles or San Francisco.
Ueberroth, who revolutionized the Olympic Games by rounding up major commercial sponsorship for the successful 1984 Games in L.A., said: ''Right now, of the three cities that were selected today, there's none that would have an acceptable program we could take to the (International Olympic Committee).''
The USOC eliminated Houston and Philadelphia from contention.
Bid's in the toilet: Leland's, the auction house that specializes in sports memorabilia, is taking bids on the toilet that was installed inside the home dugout at Boston's Fenway Park before the 1986 season and was removed during clubhouse renovations in 2004. The auction catalogue states that the toilet ''got up close and very personal with the likes of Boggs, Ramirez, Damon and Pedro.''
Has-been update, Part I: A Florida court has sentenced former major-league slugger Albert Belle to 90 days for stalking a former girlfriend. Belle attempted to keep tabs her by attaching a global positioning system device to her car.
Has-been update, Part II: Former Ohio State All-American running back Maurice Clarett doesn't have a lawyer for his coming trial on aggravated burglary and weapons charges. In a single-paragraph letter written on July 20, Clarett fired attorneys William Settina and Robert Krapenc. They filed a motion this week, saying they do not wish to continue as Clarett's lawyers, saying he has not paid their fees and is not co-operating in his own defence.
EDS: The CND will move Pat Hickey's Standing Pat column on asemi-regular basis, or those times when his column is of nationalinterest.
© CanWest News Service 2006
|Copyright © 2006 CanWest Interactive, a division of CanWest MediaWorks Publications, Inc.. All rights reserved.
Experts: Possible Explanations for Landis' Testosterone Levels By Denise Mann Fox News.com Thursday, July 27, 2006
Tour de France champion Floyd Landis tested positive for high levels of testosterone, but experts tell WebMD that there could be many reasons why.
"This is huge news," says steroid law expert and former body builder Rick Collins of Carle Place, N.Y. But Collins is quick to add Landis is innocent until proven guilty.
"Dont draw any conclusions yet and certainly if he didn't, in fact, consume testosterone, Landis should mount a very vigorous defense," says Collins, author of Legal Muscle.
For starters, the test looks at the ratio of testosterone to epitestosterone and is highly likely to yield false-positive results........At one point in the three-week race, it seemed as though Landis was petering out. But "an injection of testosterone is not some sort of miracle, immediate boost like an amphetamine or stimulant," Collins says. "Athletes who use testosterone use it over a fairly long course and the benefit accumulates over a period of time."
Testosterone would not account for his comeback, Collins stresses. "A single shot of testosterone would provide little or no benefit."
John Eliot, PhD, a professor of human performance at Rice University in Houston, and the author of "Overachievement," agrees with Collins. "The likelihood [that he used illegal substances] seems small to me," ...snip... "His body, in an attempt to recover, will naturally release more testosterone as part of the recovery process," Eliot says. Also "who knows what he is taking for the pain and this too could interfere with the testing results."....snip.... Exactly when he tested positive is also somewhat suspicious, says Eliot. The test was done at stage 17, which coincides with one of the most intense parts of the race.
"The more heavily we exert ourselves, the more naturally our body releases testosterone," he says.
"Fans assume guilt until innocence is proven, but there are a lot of reasons to believe he could be innocent," he says.
Carlos R. Hamilton Jr., MD, professor of medicine and an endocrinologist at University of Texas Health Sciences Center in Houston, and a member of the health, medical, and research committee of the World Anti-Doping Agency, is also reserving his judgment.
"The fact that it is strictly a testosterone level does not mean it came from outside of the body, it could have been produced internally," he says. "It's a perfectly normal occurring hormone."
He says that there is a large variation in what they consider normal on this test and no one knows exactly how Landis scored. "Were his results within normal limits or just out of sight?" he asks.The bottom line is that the information was released too prematurely, he says. "Wait until we get the final answers. If he cheated, it will be recognized; if he did not, this does him a great disservice."[my emphasis]
Now I really do have to go before I get in trouble!
Right now it really looks like this is a False Positive. Nothing in Landis background would lead anyone to think he was anything but clean. There would be no benefit to him taking Testonterone or synthetic Epi for that stage. He was tested multiple times as yellow jersey leader (INCLUDING after STAGE 15 and 16) and showed no abnormal results.
I think the result was either 1. a bad test and the B test will be negative or 2. a combination of adrenaline high, Alcohol (He drank a beer immediately after the stage and before the test), and just his total level of physical fitness and exertion.
Even if the B comes back positive, Floyd will then have the endocrine test run to prove he is clean. As has been said, every rider who has challenged this test has been successful.
The sad thing is that even if the B test is negative, or if the endocrine test clears Floyd -- the leaker has accomplished exactly what they wanted. They have destroyed the celebration, and have created a doubt about Floyd -- just as they have done with Lance.
The International Olympic Committee has completely dropped this test from it's testing regimen because it is so inaccurate. They have gone to a straight test for the synthetic Epitestosterone.
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