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Iceman's Stomach Sampled—Filled With Goat Meat
news.nationalgeographic ^ | June 23, 2011 | Ker Than

Posted on 06/28/2011 8:44:47 AM PDT by JoeProBono

Hours before he died, "Ötzi" the Iceman gorged on the fatty meat of a wild goat, according to a new analysis of the famous mummy's stomach contents.

The frozen body of the Copper Age hunter was discovered in 1991 in the Alps of northern Italy, where he died some 5,000 years ago.

The circumstances surrounding Ötzi's death are not fully known, but the most popular theory—based in part on the discovery of an arrowhead in his back—is that he was murdered by other hunters while fleeing through the mountains.

Scientists previously analyzed the contents of Ötzi's lower intestine and determined that he ate a meal of grains along with possibly cooked red deer and goat meat up to 30 hours before his death.

But attempts using an endoscopic tool to sample Ötzi's stomach were unsuccessful.

The reason for the failure became clear in 2009, when scientists studying CAT scans of Ötzi discovered that the Iceman's stomach had shifted upward after death, to where the lower part of his lungs would normally be.

"Why it moved upward, we don't know," said Frank Maixner, a microbiologist at the Institute for Mummies and the Iceman in Bolzano, Italy, who was involved in the new investigation.

Iceman's Last Supper

The team found the stomach by examining other associated organs, which had maintained their relative positions to one another when they shifted.

The team found gallstones in the gall bladder, for instance, and from there could identify the stomach.

As a result of the natural mummification process, Ötzi's stomach had shrunk considerably. But the researchers were able to get sample of its contents, which—like the intestines—contained evidence of meat and wheat grains.

What's more, the state of the partially digested food suggests the Iceman ate a substantial meal less than two hours before his death.

"The stomach content is yellowish to brownish colored and mushy, with some bigger pieces of meat and grain," Maixner said.

DNA analysis of the meat showed that it came from an ibex, a wild goat species whose males have large, backward-curving horns. (See pictures of modern Alpine ibex scaling an Italian dam.)

Ibex would have been much more common in Ötzi's day and would have been a good source of meat for hunters.

The animals are usually skittish around humans and will flee at the first opportunity, but a skilled hunter can creep up on one under the right circumstances.

For example, "during certain periods when the males are fighting each other, you can get as close as 20 to 50 meters [65 to 160 feet]," Maixner said.

According to past studies, such a distance would have been just within range of the bow and arrows that were found with Ötzi, he added......


TOPICS: History; Outdoors; Science; Society
KEYWORDS: alreadyposted; ancientautopsies; brucellamelitensis; dietandcuisine; goat; godsgravesglyphs; iceman; oetzi; otzi; theiceman

The 5,000-year-old mummy known as the Iceman was found in the Italian Alps in 1991.


1 posted on 06/28/2011 8:44:49 AM PDT by JoeProBono
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To: JoeProBono
The Iceman eats Chuck Norris for breakfast.

2 posted on 06/28/2011 8:47:40 AM PDT by TSgt ("Some folks just need killin'" - Karl Childers (Sling Blade 1996))
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To: JoeProBono

Tasty!

3 posted on 06/28/2011 8:48:47 AM PDT by jtal (Runnin' a World in Need with White Folks' Greed - since 1492)
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To: JoeProBono

Cool.


4 posted on 06/28/2011 8:49:07 AM PDT by Upstate NY Guy
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To: Upstate NY Guy

Goat - it tastes like chicken... Right?


5 posted on 06/28/2011 8:50:34 AM PDT by BigEdLB (Now there ARE 1,000,000 regrets - but it may be too late.)
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To: JoeProBono
But the researchers were able to get sample of its contents, which—like the intestines—contained evidence of meat and wheat grains.

So much for the premise underlying the Paleo Diet

6 posted on 06/28/2011 8:52:55 AM PDT by distressed
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To: JoeProBono

Dig the pants! Give him a headband and a geetar and you’ve got Willie Nelson.


7 posted on 06/28/2011 8:53:19 AM PDT by Nervous Tick (Trust in God, but row away from the rocks!)
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To: JoeProBono
This is the famous picture of alpine ibex on an italian dam.


8 posted on 06/28/2011 8:54:08 AM PDT by Former Fetus
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To: BigEdLB

9 posted on 06/28/2011 8:54:18 AM PDT by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet)
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To: JoeProBono
"most popular theory—based in part on the discovery of an arrowhead in his back—is that he was murdered ... "

Ya could just be correct, there, Sherlock!

10 posted on 06/28/2011 8:56:30 AM PDT by eCSMaster (We will fight for America and it starts here in Madison, WI. It starts here. It starts now.)
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To: eCSMaster

It could have been friendly fire.


11 posted on 06/28/2011 9:01:11 AM PDT by Ingtar (Together we go broke (from a Pookie18 post))
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To: eCSMaster

Or he could have been hunting with Dick “The Iceman” Cheney’s ancestor and stepped into the line of fire.


12 posted on 06/28/2011 9:03:23 AM PDT by Ingtar (Together we go broke (from a Pookie18 post))
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To: Ingtar

That’s what you can expect when you’re out stealing goats.


13 posted on 06/28/2011 9:04:34 AM PDT by 353FMG
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To: JoeProBono
Some Italian recipies haven't changed in ages.

Clemenza's Gravy

14 posted on 06/28/2011 9:07:26 AM PDT by Young Werther ("Quae cum ita sunt" Since these things are so!)
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To: Former Fetus

Those Ibex have thoroughly over grazed that dam. I don’t see one blade of vegetation in that pic.


15 posted on 06/28/2011 9:09:12 AM PDT by Deaf Smith
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To: JoeProBono

Watch people use this to prove he was a Muslim.

One thing I’ll never miss is the fetid stench of muslim stewing goat meat wafting through my apartment complex in Tempe.

What a seething islamic pesthole that overpriced dump was.


16 posted on 06/28/2011 9:09:21 AM PDT by wolficatZ (Somebody once wrote "Revenge is a dish that has to be eaten cold".)
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To: distressed
So much for the premise underlying the Paleo Diet.

Not really. The Iceman lived after agriculture had been invented.

The Paleo Diet is based on what humans supposedly ate during the much longer period before this invention.

17 posted on 06/28/2011 9:14:19 AM PDT by Sherman Logan
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To: JoeProBono
based in part on the discovery of an arrowhead in his back—is that he was...

....involved in an early Democratic Party scandal, and has been ruled to have committed suicide.

18 posted on 06/28/2011 9:14:53 AM PDT by sjmjax (Politicans are like bananas - they start out green, turn yellow, then rot.)
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To: Deaf Smith; Former Fetus

DAM OVERGRAZING


19 posted on 06/28/2011 9:17:24 AM PDT by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet)
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To: JoeProBono

LOL! Actually they are licking the salt that deposits on the side of the dam.


20 posted on 06/28/2011 9:24:45 AM PDT by Former Fetus
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To: sjmjax

“based in part on the discovery of an arrowhead in his back—is that he was... “

killed by a Frenchman. My Dad (WWII vet) always told me that a Frenchman would smile in your face while he stabbed you in the back.


21 posted on 06/28/2011 9:28:41 AM PDT by fredhead (Liberals think globally, reason rectally, act idiotically.)
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To: JoeProBono

22 posted on 06/28/2011 9:30:32 AM PDT by smokingfrog ( sleep with one eye open ( <o> ---)
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To: Former Fetus

cool pic


23 posted on 06/28/2011 9:36:41 AM PDT by DeoVindiceSicSemperTyrannis (Want to make $$$? It's easy! Use FR as a platform to pimp your blog for hits!!!)
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To: JoeProBono

Look at the wingspan on that man, reminds me of a certain first lady who will remain nameless.


24 posted on 06/28/2011 9:46:04 AM PDT by dangerdoc (see post #6)
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To: JoeProBono
1st thing I thought of was: "What happened to George Gervin"?
Any San Antonio fans out there?
25 posted on 06/28/2011 9:46:13 AM PDT by Psalm 73 ("Gentlemen, you can't fight in here - this is the War Room".)
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To: JoeProBono

Shoulda gone Veggie...might be alive today!


26 posted on 06/28/2011 9:46:57 AM PDT by Gaffer
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To: JoeProBono

Always dine well because you might be dead the next day... :)

I’m hungry for gyros for supper, LOL!


27 posted on 06/28/2011 10:05:10 AM PDT by Diana in Wisconsin (I don't have 'Hobbies.' I'm developing a robust Post-Apocalyptic skill set...)
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To: Diana in Wisconsin

28 posted on 06/28/2011 10:11:46 AM PDT by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet)
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To: BigEdLB

Attended a party once where goat burgers were grilled. Biggest grease fire I’ve ever seen.


29 posted on 06/28/2011 10:13:49 AM PDT by Rebelbase
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To: Rebelbase

How about Goat Curry at an Indian restaurant... Believe me THAT is different...


30 posted on 06/28/2011 10:15:19 AM PDT by BigEdLB (Now there ARE 1,000,000 regrets - but it may be too late.)
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To: BigEdLB

31 posted on 06/28/2011 10:19:24 AM PDT by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet)
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To: JoeProBono

Never in my wildest dreams would I ever expect to see “goat” on the menu at a wedding reception. I hope there was another main course.


32 posted on 06/28/2011 11:06:47 AM PDT by hattend (Let's all meet Sarah at her last bus stop -- 1600 Pennsylvania Ave in Jan 2013)
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To: JoeProBono

He was sentenced to death. He enjoyed grain and goat stew as his last meal before the execution.


33 posted on 06/28/2011 11:10:15 AM PDT by Grizzled Bear ("Does not play well with others.")
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To: Ingtar

At least he wasn’t riding in Ted Kennedy’s ancestor’s cart on a bridge.


34 posted on 06/28/2011 11:10:22 AM PDT by Georgia Girl 2 (The only purpose of a pistol is to fight your way back to the rifle you should never have dropped.)
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To: JoeProBono

The second guy asked me for five bucks yesterday.


35 posted on 06/28/2011 11:16:37 AM PDT by Eaker (The problem with the internet, you're never sure of the accuracy of the quotes. Abraham Lincoln '65)
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To: JoeProBono
The circumstances surrounding Ötzi's death are not fully known, but the most popular theory—based in part on the discovery of an arrowhead in his back—is that he was murdered by other hunters while fleeing through the mountains.

He was part of a raiding party and was wounded in the raid and died of infection on the way home. His copper axe was found with him, and he had been covered by his wooden shield and snow, but all other items of value had been removed. No thief would have killed him, robbed him, and then left a very valuable weapon like a copper axe, and then protected him from wild animals by burying him under a shield.

But they don't want to believe that he was any sort of violent man.

36 posted on 06/28/2011 12:01:21 PM PDT by Anitius Severinus Boethius
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To: JoeProBono

With horns like that it wasn’t an Angora goat....we ate one of ours once, it must be an aquired taste we thought it was yucky and certainly didn’t taste like chicken....but they do make great salami....


37 posted on 06/28/2011 2:32:20 PM PDT by goat granny
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To: goat granny

38 posted on 06/28/2011 2:44:47 PM PDT by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet)
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Thanks JoeProBono. Just adding to the catalog, not sending a general distribution.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.
 

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39 posted on 06/28/2011 5:55:12 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (It's the Obamacare, stupid! -- Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
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To: blam

Ping!


40 posted on 06/28/2011 6:01:04 PM PDT by djf ("Life is never fair...And perhaps it is a good thing for most of us that it is not." Oscar Wilde)
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To: djf
Excellent, thanks.

He's related to Thomas Jefferson who also has haplogroup 'K' dna.

Ancient DNA

41 posted on 06/28/2011 6:09:22 PM PDT by blam
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To: JoeProBono

“he was murdered by other hunters while fleeing through the mountains”

LOL. National Geo, they focus on his last meal and skip fast past the fact that he was murdered. The noble savage, eh?


42 posted on 06/29/2011 11:22:28 PM PDT by Beowulf9
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To: Beowulf9

43 posted on 06/29/2011 11:50:18 PM PDT by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet)
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To: Former Fetus

44 posted on 06/30/2011 12:21:51 AM PDT by Lancey Howard
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To: JoeProBono

What is that, the Hekawi Indians? Looks like Penny Marshall in there, LOL.


45 posted on 07/01/2011 7:44:26 AM PDT by Beowulf9
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