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Keyword: ancientautopsies

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  • Mount Vesuvius eruption melted victim's brain to glass

    01/23/2020 9:08:28 PM PST · by Olog-hai · 34 replies
    Deutsche Welle ^ | 01.23.2020 | lc/rc (AFP, AP)
    The eruption of Mount Vesuvius turned an ancient victim’s brain into glass, according to Italian anthropologists. The finding, dubbed as “sensational” and published on Thursday in the New England Journal of Medicine, marks the first time that scientists have verified such a phenomenon. […] The remains of a man found lying on a wooden bed were discovered in Herculaneum in the 1960s. He is believed to have been the custodian of the College of Augustales, a place of worship that was at the center of the cult of Roman Emperor Augustus. The glassy substance found inside of the victim’s skull...
  • CSIC recovers part of the genome of 2 hunter-gatherer individuals from 7,000 years ago

    06/30/2012 5:31:29 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Eurekalert ^ | Thursday, June 28, 2012 | Spanish National Research Council
    A team of scientists, led by researcher Carles Lalueza-Fox from CSIC (Spanish National Research Council), has recovered -- for the first time in history -- part of the genome of two individuals living in the Mesolithic Period, 7000 years ago. Remains have been found at La Braña-Arintero site, located at Valdelugueros (León), Spain. The study results, published in the Current Biology magazine, indicate that current Iberian populations don't come from these groups genetically. The Mesolithic Period, framed between the Paleolithic and Neolithic Periods, is characterized by the advent of agriculture, coming from the Middle East. Therefore, the genome found is...
  • Archaeologists found the burial of Scythian Amazon with a gold head dress near the Don River

    01/01/2020 8:50:36 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 27 replies ^ | Decenber 20, 2918 | Institute of Archaeology of Russian Academy of Sciences
    The burial of the Amazon with a headdress made of precious metal dated back to the second half of the 4th century BC was found by the members of the Don expedition of IA RAS during the examination of the cemetery Devitsa V of Voronezh Oblast. This is the first ever found in Middle Don river, and well preserved ceremonial headdress of a rich Scythian women, earlier archaeologists found only fragments of such headdresses. Valerii Guliaev, the head of Don expedition, announced the first results of the examination on the 6th of December at the session of Academic Council of...
  • Egyptian mummy bears tattoo of a Christian saint

    07/30/2017 4:19:45 AM PDT · by NYer · 36 replies
    Aletelia ^ | July 26, 2017 | Zelda Caldwell
    CAT scans reveal that the Sudanese woman bore the image of the Archangel Michael on her leg. The mummified remains of an Egyptian woman, discovered in a cemetery near the bank of the Nile. revealed a surprising discovery: she bore a tattoo of the Archangel Michael.The Telegraph | YouTubeCAT scans performed by the British Museum revealed that the woman, who lived in Sudan around 700 AD, had the tattoo on her inner thigh (whether it was meant to be seen remains unknown).The tattoo features a cross on top of a symbol representing the Archangel Michael. It combines in one...
  • Iron Age Warrior Shield Hailed as Most Important Find of the Millenium

    12/10/2019 11:05:19 AM PST · by wildbill · 25 replies
    Ancient Origens ^ | 12/5/19 | Ed Whelan
    Conservation experts have been able to restore a stunning shield that is 2,200 years old. The artifact belonged to a Celtic warrior who was buried in a chariot burial in the north of England. The warrior shield has been hailed as one of the most important and remarkable ancient finds this millennium. ... The workers had come across an Iron Age warrior’s chariot burial. The remains of the warrior were found in the chariot and two skeletons of horses were also unearthed. Paula Ware, an archaeologist with MAP, stated that “these horses were placed with their hooves on the ground...
  • 'Six-headed burial' of the Highland clan era probed by archaeologists

    12/08/2019 7:09:16 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 37 replies
    Scotsman (tall and handsome built) ^ | September 3, 2019 | Alison Campsie
    The skeletal remains are thought to date from the 15th Century, when Clan Ross and Clan Mackay fought out a terrifying rivalry in the area that arguably peaked with the Battle of Tarbat in the 1480s, Then, Clan Ross cornered a raiding party of Clan Mackay with many killed in the encounter. Survivors of the attack sought sanctuary in the church, but the Rosses set fire to it, killing all those hiding inside... She said the men and skulls were buried in the most prominent part of the church, in the mouth of the crypt directly under the nave. Dr...
  • Russian scientists present ancient puppy found in permafrost

    12/03/2019 7:12:17 AM PST · by C19fan · 18 replies
    AP ^ | December 2, 2019 | Daria Litninova, and Roman Kutukov
    Russian scientists on Monday showed off a prehistoric puppy, believed to be 18,000 years old, found in permafrost in the country’s Far East. Discovered last year in a lump of frozen mud near the city of Yakutsk, the puppy is unusually well-preserved, with its hair, teeth, whiskers and eyelashes still intact. “This puppy has all its limbs, pelage – fur, even whiskers. The nose is visible. There are teeth. We can determine due to some data that it is a male,” Nikolai Androsov, director of the Northern World private museum where the remains are stored, said at the presentation at...
  • Mysterious double Viking boat burial discovered

    11/22/2019 12:30:25 PM PST · by rdl6989 · 10 replies
    New York Post ^ | November 22, 2019 | James Rogers
    A mysterious double Viking boat burial has been discovered in Norway, intriguing experts. Last month archaeologists excavating a site at Vinjeroa in central Norway uncovered the boat grave of a woman who died in the second half of the 9th century. Shell-shaped gilded bronze brooches and a crucifix-shaped brooch fashioned from an Irish harness fitting were found in the grave, along with a pearl necklace, two pairs of scissors, part of a spindle and a cow’s skull, according to the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU).
  • 145 Coffins Discovered Buried Under Tampa High School

    11/21/2019 8:01:56 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 76 replies
    ktla ^ | 11/21/2019
    The Hillsborough County school district said Wednesday that geophysical technicians found “clear evidence” of burials at the Clarence Leon King High School campus. School officials believe the caskets are part of Ridgewood Cemetery, a historic paupers’ burial ground from the early 1940s that was owned by the city, according to the Florida Genealogical Society. King High School opened in 1960, according to the school’s website. Tanya Arja, a spokeswoman with the school district, said officials began investigating last month after a person told a school board member of the possible location of the cemetery. For nearly two weeks, technicians hired...
  • Alongside Otzi the Iceman: a bounty of ancient mosses and liverworts

    11/03/2019 3:24:56 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | October 30, 2019 | PLOS
    Ötzi the Iceman is a remarkable 5,300-year-old human specimen found frozen in ice approximately 3,200 meters above sea level in the Italian Alps. He was frozen alongside his clothing and gear as well as an abundant assemblage of plants and fungi. In this study, Dickson and colleagues aimed to identify the mosses and liverworts preserved alongside the Iceman. Today, 23 bryophyte species live the area near where Ötzi was found, but inside the ice the researchers identified thousands of preserved bryophyte fragments representing at least 75 species. It is the only site of such high altitude with bryophytes preserved over...
  • Never forgotten: Remains of over 200 Pearl Harbor sailors, Marines identified

    11/03/2019 1:37:50 PM PST · by fugazi · 30 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | 3 November 2019 | Chris Carter
    On the morning of 7 December 1941, nine Japanese torpedoes struck the battleship USS Oklahoma, anchored on Battleship Row during the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. The massive ship capsized in just 15 minutes, trapping hundreds of sailors and Marines inside. Crews worked feverishly to rescue the survivors, which could be heard tapping the inside of the ship's hull for the next three days. Unsung heroes like civilian dock worker Julio DeCastro raced against the clock, cutting through sections of the hull to pull out dozens of men. Two Oklahoma sailors earned the Medal of Honor: Seaman James Ward and...
  • 2,000-Year-Old Chinese Woman Lady Dai Is One Of The Most Well-Preserved Mummies In The World

    10/29/2019 11:13:54 PM PDT · by robowombat · 22 replies
    All That's Interesting ^ | December 5, 2018
    This 2,000-Year-Old Chinese Woman Named Lady Dai Is One Of The Most Well-Preserved Mummies In The World By All That's Interesting Published May 17, 2017 Updated December 5, 2018 Xin Zhui died in 163 BC. When they found her in 1971, her hair was intact, her skin was soft to the touch, and her veins still housed type-A blood. Now more than 2,000 years old, Xin Zhui, also known as Lady Dai, is a mummified woman of China’s Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) who still has her own hair, is soft to the touch, and has ligaments that still bend,...
  • 4,000-Year-Old Brain Tissue Was Preserved After Boiling In Its Own Fluids

    10/29/2019 11:05:19 PM PDT · by robowombat · 15 replies
    All That's Interesting ^ | September 12, 2017 | Katie Seren
    4,000-Year-Old Brain Tissue Was Preserved After Boiling In Its Own Fluids By Katie Serena Published September 12, 2017 The brain was boiled, dried, and preserved under sediment for almost 4,000 years. Bronze Age Brain UC San Diego Health Scientists in Turkey discovered a Bronze Age human brain that has been preserved for 4,000 years. The brain was discovered in Seyitomer Hoyuk, Turkey, and is one of the oldest ever discovered. It is also one of the most intact. Brain tissue is rich in enzymes and cells deteriorate quickly after death which is why scientists rarely, if ever, find intact specimens....
  • Lost in Combat? [3000 years ago]

    10/18/2019 6:35:30 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 39 replies
    University of Göttingen ^ | 15.10.2019 | Tobias Uhlig, et al
    Researchers discover belongings of a warrior on unique Bronze Age battlefield site Recent archaeological investigations in the Tollense Valley led by the University of Göttingen, the State Agency for Cultural Heritage in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and the University of Greifswald have unearthed a collection of 31 unusual objects. Researchers believe this is the personal equipment of a Bronze Age warrior who died on the battlefield 3,300 years ago. This unique find was discovered by a diving team headed by Dr Joachim Krüger, from the University of Greifswald, and seems to have been protected in the river from the looting, which inevitably followed...
  • Prehistoric women's arms 'stronger than those of today's elite rowers'

    11/30/2017 10:11:53 AM PST · by BusterDog · 36 replies
    Prehistoric women had stronger arms than elite female rowing teams do today thanks to the daily grind of farming life, researchers have revealed, shedding light on their role in early communities. The study of ancient bones suggests that manual agricultural work had a profound effect on the bodies of women living in central Europe between about the early neolithic and late iron age, from about 5,300BC to AD100. “We think a lot of what we are seeing is the bone’s response to women grinding grain, which is pretty much seated but using your arms really repetitively many hours a day,”...
  • Prehistoric women’s manual labor exceeded that of athletes through the first 5500 years of farming

    11/29/2017 2:57:01 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 31 replies
    Abstract The intensification of agriculture is often associated with declining mobility and bone strength through time, although women often exhibit less pronounced trends than men. For example, previous studies of prehistoric Central European agriculturalists (~5300 calibrated years BC to 850 AD) demonstrated a significant reduction in tibial rigidity among men, whereas women were characterized by low tibial rigidity, little temporal change, and high variability. Because of the potential for sex-specific skeletal responses to mechanical loading and a lack of modern comparative data, women’s activity in prehistory remains difficult to interpret. This study compares humeral and tibial cross-sectional rigidity, shape, and...
  • Are We Close to Finding the Tomb of Queen Nefertiti in the Valley of the Kings?

    10/16/2019 8:20:09 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 34 replies
    YouTube ^ | July 9, 2019 | Ancient Architects
    In May 2018, media outlets around the world ran the headline: “Secret Chamber Does Not Exist”, referring to the possible burial chamber of Queen Nefertiti behind the walls of the tomb of King Tutankhamun in the Valley of the King's in Egypt. So you’ll image my surprise when this week I see that the major media outlets across the world are once again reporting that Nefertiti could be hiding behind a wall in King Tutankhamen’s tomb. The story was ran by a number of well known publications, including The Sun, New York Post, Fox News and more, but why have...
  • Mummies with Heart Disease: A Mass-Killer with Ancient Origins

    09/30/2019 9:02:37 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 12 replies ^ | 30 September, 2019 - 13:57 | ashley cowie
    Modern diets and sedentary lifestyles leading to obesity are largely blamed for the disease in modern culture but a new University of Texas study, published in the American Heart Journal , found cholesterol buildup in the arteries of five mummies dating back to 2000 BC. [S]canning the preserved arteries of ancient mummies revealed that heart disease and high cholesterol have for a long time been part of the human condition. Although processed high-fat foods leading to high-cholesterol are so often blamed for heart disease today, this new study found signs of the same kind of cholesterol-clogged arteries seen in modern...
  • Controversial footprint discovery suggests human-like creatures may have roamed Crete

    09/01/2017 1:41:22 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 62 replies ^ | September 1, 2017 | Matthew Robert Bennett And Per Ahlberg
    FULL TITLE: Controversial footprint discovery suggests human-like creatures may have roamed Crete nearly 6m years ago The human foot is distinctive. Our five toes lack claws, we normally present the sole of our foot flat to the ground, and our first and second toes are longer than the smaller ones. In comparison to our fellow primates, our big toes are in line with the long axis of the foot – they don't stick out to one side. In fact, some would argue that one of the defining characteristics of being part of the human clade is the shape of our...
  • Did Early Humans Ride the Waves to Australia?

    02/05/2012 5:09:30 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 39 replies
    Mind & Matter 'blog (WSJ) ^ | Saturday, February 4, 2012 | Matt Ridley
    For a long time, scientists had assumed a gradual expansion of African people through Sinai into both Europe and Asia. Then, bizarrely, it became clear from both genetics and archaeology that Europe was peopled later (after 40,000 years ago) than Australia (before 50,000 years ago). Meanwhile, the geneticists were beginning to insist that many Africans and all non-Africans shared closely related DNA sequences that originated only after about 70,000-60,000 years ago in Africa. So a new idea was born, sometimes called the "beachcomber express," in which the first ex-Africans were seashore dwellers who spread rapidly around the coast of the...