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The FReeper Foxhole Profiles Patrol Boat Riverines (PBR's) in Vietnam - September 19th, 2003
see educational sources ^

Posted on 09/19/2003 4:53:02 AM PDT by snippy_about_it


Keep our Troops forever in your care

Give them victory over the enemy...

Grant them a safe and swift return...

Bless those who mourn the lost.

FReepers from the Foxhole join in prayer
for all those serving their country at this time.

God Bless America
...................................................................................... ...........................................

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The Combat Years For 1965-1968 (only)

River Patrol

The great strategic and economic importance of South Vietnam's extensive inland waterways made it clear from the beginning of the war that the Navy would be in the front rank of the allied forces.

Laced by 3,000 nautical miles of rivers, canals, and smaller streams, the fertile Mekong Delta south of Saigon, where the largest segment of South Vietnam's population lived, constituted the country's rice bowl.

Inland waterway system in the Mekong Delta

Northward along the coast to the DMZ, sizable rivers stretched inland past vital population centers such as the old imperial capital of Hue. Throughout the country the road and rail system was rudimentary while the waterways provided ready access to the most important resources.

The side that controlled the rivers and canals controlled the heart of South Vietnam. U.S. naval leaders were determined that allied forces would command these waterways when they established the River Patrol Force (Task Force 116) on 18 December 1965.

From then until March 1966, the Navy procured river patrol boats (PBR) in the United States, prepared the crews at the Coronado, California, and Mare Island, California, training centers, and deployed the units to Southeast Asia for Operation Game Warden.

On 15 March 1966 the River Patrol Force was also designated River Patrol Squadron 5 for administrative and supply purposes. By 31 August 1968, the force consisted of five river divisions, each controlling two 10-boat sections that operated from combat bases along the major rivers or from ships positioned in the rivers. The Navy reconditioned each of the ships so they could serve as floating base facilities for a PBR section and a helicopter detachment.

River Patrol Force Dispositions
River Division 51 Can Tho/Binh Thuy
River Division 52 Sa Dec (later Vinh Long)
River Division 53 My Tho
River Division 54 Nha Be River
Division 55 Danang

Support Ships -- 1966
Belle Grove (LSD 2)
Comstock (LSD 19)
Floyd County (LST 762)
Jennings County (LST 846)
Tortuga (LSD 26)

Garrett County (LST 786)
Harnett County (LST 821)
Hunterdon County (LST 838)
Jennings County (LST 846)

The PBR, the ubiquitous workhorse of the River Patrol Force, was manned by a crew of four bluejackets, equipped with a Pathfinder surface radar and two radios, and commonly armed with two twin- mounted .50-caliber machine guns forward, M-60 machine guns (or a grenade launcher) port and starboard amidship, and a .50-caliber aft.

The initial version of the boat, the Mark I, performed well in river patrol operations but was plagued with continual fouling of its water-jet engines by weeds and other detritus. In addition, when Vietnamese sampans came alongside for inspection they often damaged the fragile fiberglass hull of the PBRs.

New Mark IIs, first deployed to the delta in December 1966, brought improved Jacuzzi jet pumps, which reduced fouling and increased speed from 25 to 29 knots, and more durable aluminum gunwales.

Task Force 116 also employed the experimental patrol air cushion vehicle (PACV), three of which operated in the Mekong Delta during 1966 and 1967 as PACV Division 107. During 1968, the PACVs deployed to the Danang area as Coastal Division 17. Although able to move with great speed over shallow, marshy areas, such as in the Plain of Reeds, the PACVs proved to be too noisy and too mechanically sophisticated for riverine war in South Vietnam. After the Tet emergency, the craft were shipped back to the United States for reevaluation.

A key component of the Game Warden operation was its air support element. Initially, the Army deployed detachments of two UH-1B Iroquois helicopters and their crews to PBR bases and river-based LSTs.

Beginning in August 1966, however, air crews from the Navy's Helicopter Support Squadron 1 replaced the Army personnel. Then on 1 April 1967, the Navy activated Helicopter Attack (Light) Squadron (HAL) 3 at Vung Tau with responsibility for providing Task Force 116 with aerial fire support, observation, and medical evacuation. By September 1968, the 421-man "Seawolf" squadron controlled detachments of two helicopters each at Nha Be, Binh Thuy, Dong Tom, Rach Gia, Vinh Long, and on board three LSTs stationed in the larger rivers of the Mekong Delta.

The Bell UH-1B "Hueys," armed variously with 2.75-inch rockets; .50-caliber, 60-millimeter, and 7.62-millimeter machine guns; grenades; and small arms, were a powerful and mobile complement to the Game Warden surface units.

The River Patrol Force commander led other naval forces, including the highly trained and skilled SEALs. By mid-1968, the 211-man SEAL Team 1, based at Coronado, fielded twelve 14-man platoons, each composed of two squads. Generally four or five of the platoons at any given time were deployed to South Vietnam, where one or two of them served with the special operations force in Danang and another three operated from Nha Be as Detachment GOLF in support of the Task Force 116 campaign in the Rung Sat Special Zone.

Beginning in early 1967, the Atlantic Fleet's SEAL Team 2 provided another three platoons, two of which were stationed with the Game Warden units at Can Tho. These units launched SEAL operations in the central delta area. Although focused primarily on the areas to the south and west of Saigon, the SEALs also mounted operations in the I and II Corps Tactical Zones.

These elite naval commando units carried out day and night ambushes, hit and run raids, reconnaissance patrols, salvage dives, and special intelligence operations. Normally operating in six-man squads, the SEALs used landing craft, SEAL team assault boats (STAB), 26-foot armored trimarans, PBRs, sampans, and helicopters for transportation to and from their target areas. Mobile, versatile, and extremely effective in their dangerous work, the SEALs were a valuable fighting force in the riverine environment of Vietnam.

Mine clearance forces also were essential to the security of Vietnam's waterways. Nowhere was this more crucial than on the rivers near Saigon, the country's most vital port. Viet Cong mining of the main shipping channel, the Long Tau River, which wound its way through the Rung Sat Special Zone south of the capital, could have had a devastating effect on the war effort. Consequently, on 20 May 1966, the Navy established Mine Squadron 11, Detachment Alpha (Mine Division 112 after May 1968) at Nha Be, under Commander Task Force 116. From 1966 until mid-1968, the minesweeping detachment operated 12 or 13 minesweeping boats (MSB) reactivated in the United States and shipped to Southeast Asia.

The 57-foot, fiberglass-hulled vessels were armed with machine guns and grenade launchers and carried surface radars and minesweeping gear for clearing explosives from the key waterways. The Navy also deployed three-boat subordinate units to Danang and Cam Ranh Bay. Detachment Alpha's strength increased in July 1967 when the first of six mechanized landing craft (LCM(M)) that were specially configured to sweep mines arrived at Nha Be.

Game Warden operations got underway in early 1966. Naval leaders set out to secure the vital water passages through the Rung Sat and to establish patrols on the large Mekong Delta rivers. On these latter waterways, the Viet Cong transported arms and supplies brought in from Cambodia, shifted guerrilla units, and taxed the population. The Navy created two separate task groups to direct operations in the respective areas.

On 26 March 1966, U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine, and South Vietnamese forces kicked off Operation Jackstay, the war's first major action in the Rung Sat. PBR units (including one section from Tortuga), minesweeping boats from Nha Be, SEALs, and helicopters operated together to sweep the area. At the end of the 12-day effort, the allies had killed or captured 69 of the enemy; destroyed Viet Cong supply bases, training sites, and other logistical facilities; and, at least for a time, restricted enemy movement in the zone.

The enemy, however, remained a potent threat. In one month, August 1966, Viet Cong mines in the Long Tau heavily damaged SS Baton Rouge Victory, a Vietnamese Navy motor launch minesweeper, and MSB 54. In November, a Viet Cong mine sank MSB 54. And on the last day of the year, American forces discovered a Soviet-made contact mine in the shipping channel. The Americans and the South Vietnamese intensified minesweeping operations and the enemy continued to fight back. In February 1967 Communist recoilless rifle fire and mines destroyed MSB 45 and heavily damaged MSB 49.

By the spring of 1967 the rapid buildup of allied forces in the Rung Sat area, the refinement of tactics, and improvement of weapon systems began to reduce enemy effectiveness. During the year Vietnamese Regional Force and U.S. Army 9th Division troops conducted aggressive sweeps ashore in coordination with the helicopter, PBR, and MSB units; the better equipped LCM(M)s augmented the minesweeping force at Nha Be.

SEALs began sowing mines throughout enemy-held areas, and both PBRs and MSBs added rapid-fire, 40-millimeter grenade launchers to their armament. From mid-1967 to mid-1968, the Viet Cong continued to ambush shipping on the Long Tau with mines, 122-millimeter rockets, rocket-propelled grenades, recoilless rifles, machine guns, and small arms. Quick action by allied reaction forces, however, often cut short these assaults. Thus, ship damage and personnel casualties were relatively light. Other attacks never occurred because PBR and SEAL patrols upset enemy plans or the MSBs and LCM(M)s swept up mines. Consequently, the Communists were unable to sever the vital lifeline to Saigon, even when their forces were fighting for survival during the Tet and post-Tet battles of 1968.

Game Warden operations in the central reaches of the Mekong Delta began on 8 May 1966 when PBR River Section 511 of River Division 51 at Can Tho patroled a stretch of the Bassac River. Soon afterward, other units initiated surveillance of the upper Mekong and the My Tho, Ham Luong, and Co Chien arms of the mighty river that emptied into the South China Sea.

In two-boat random patrols Task Force 116 sailors checked the cargo and identity papers of junks and sampans plying the waterways, set up night ambushes at suspected enemy crossing points, supported the SEALs with gunfire and transportation, and enforced curfew restrictions in their sector, usually no more than 35 nautical miles from the base.

Game Warden operations in the central delta registered only modest success from 1966 to 1968. Only 140 PBRs were on station to patrol many miles of river and canal. As a result, they could canvass only the larger waterways. Still, the Task Force 116 patrol forced the Viet Cong to divert troops and other resources to defense and to resort to less efficient transportation on smaller rivers and canals.

During 1966 the task force refined its tactics, evaluated the performance of its boats and weapons in combat, and regularized its operational procedures. At the same time naval leaders repositioned the LSD and LST support ships inland because heavy seas at the river mouths made operations from there difficult. The year 1967 opened with the accidental loss of a PBR during launching operations from Jennings County and the first combat loss of a river patrol boat. These events foreshadowed a busy and dangerous year for the Game Warden sailors who boarded over 400,000 vessels and inspected them for enemy personnel and contraband. In the process, the River Patrol Force destroyed, damaged, or captured over 2,000 Viet Cong craft and killed, wounded, or captured over 1,400 of the enemy. However, the U.S. Navy suffered the loss of 39 officers and men killed, 366 wounded, and 9 missing in battle.

The Tet Offensive of 1968 fully engaged Task Force 116. Because of their firepower and mobility, the PBRs stiffened the defenses of numerous delta cities and towns that were under siege by the enemy. The river patrol boat units were key elements in the successful allied stands at My Tho, Ben Tre, Chau Doc, Tra Vinh, and Can Tho. The enemy prevailed only at Vinh Long, where the Viet Cong overran the PBR base forcing the defenders to withdraw to Garrett County. Despite this and a few other temporary setbacks, Task Force 116 reestablished firm control of the major delta rivers by mid-year and helped cut short the Viet Cong attacks on Saigon.

The river sailors also gave critical support to allied forces fighting to contain the enemy surge in I Corps. From September to October 1967, River Section 521 and Hunterdon County deployed to the river areas south of Danang and to Cau Hai Bay near Hue. PBR units operated permanently in the northern reaches of South Vietnam after 24 February 1968, when COMNAVFORV established Task Force Clearwater, under the operational control of the Commanding General III Marine Amphibious Force.

The mission of the task force was to secure the Perfume River (which gave access to Hue from the sea) and the Cua Viet River. The Task Force eased supply efforts to American forces arrayed along the DMZ and holding the besieged outpost at Khe Sanh. Home for the task force headquarters was Mobile Base II, a floating barge complex stationed first at Tan My and later at Cua Viet. Because heavily armed North Vietnamese Army units were presented in this region, COMNAVFORV strengthened the 20-boat PBR task force with monitors, armored river craft, PACVs, and landing craft minesweepers.

Perfume River

Task Force Clearwater could also call on helicopter, attack aircraft, artillery, naval gunfire, and ground troop support from other units in the I Corps region. Convoys bristling with weaponry were required to maintain the line of communication with forward combat units. The naval forces carried out equally vital minesweeping and patroling operations.

MK1 PBR Control Station

During 1968, Task Force Clearwater's support was crucial to the successful defense of Khe Sanh, the recapture of Hue, and the defeat of the enemy offensive in I Corps.

KEYWORDS: brownwaternavy; freeperfoxhole; mekongdelta; michaeldobbs; navy; pbrs; riverines; samsdayoff; veterans; vietnam
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River Patrol Forces Memorial Monument

Gamewardens of Vietnam Association was formed in 1968 with 12 charter members. These men were U.S. Navy veterans of the River Patrol Force, Task Force 116 whose area of operations was the Mekong Delta of South Vietnam from 1966 to 1971.

The River Patrol Forces Memorial Monument is a 15-foot granite obelisk that sits on a 4-foot square tiered base. Around the base of the obelisk are inscribed the names of the battle engagements in the Mekong Delta that Task Force 116 actively participated in. Inscribed on the length of the obelisk are the names honoring the 290 sailors of the black beret "brown water navy" who died in service to their country during the Vietnam War. Both the U.S. Navy and River Patrol Force Task Force 116 emblems are attached to the obelisk.

The inscription below the Task Force 116 emblem reads, "ERECTED AND DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY OF OUR FALLEN COMRADES".

The River Patrol Forces Memorial Monument was dedicated by the Gamewardens of Vietnam Association in August 1980 to perpetuate the memory of those who were killed during that in-country naval operation. Many former Gamewardens and their families came from all over the country for the memorial monument dedication service. Threatening skies reminded many River Patrol Force veterans of the monsoon season in Vietnam while taps, played by a Navy band, sounded over the Little Creek Naval Amphibious Base. Former POW LCDR Michael Christian, USN (Ret.) delivered the keynote address during the ceremony.

This memorial is located near the Amphibious Museum at the Little Creek Naval Amphibious Base, Norfolk, Virginia. A second memorial is located at the Amphibious Base in Coronado CA.

Currently, more than 500 veterans of the River Patrol Force are members of the association. The Gamewardens of Vietnam Association also provide an annual scholarship grant to sons, daughters, and grandchildren of a River Patrol Force veteran.

Today's Educational Sources and suggestions for further reading:
1 posted on 09/19/2003 4:53:02 AM PDT by snippy_about_it
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To: All

The name of our boat they call PBR,
The places we travel are many and far.
Our main objective the Vietnam coast,
Where few are our friends and the VC our host.

We travel at night and return in the morn,
To wipe out the VC this vow we have sworn.
Each day brings us sorrow each night brings us fear,
Deep down in our hearts we know "Charlie" is near.

At night on the river we hope and we pray,
That God will protect and keep "Charlie" away.
The silence is there it is on every side,
For somewhere out there our enemy hides.

Our Coxswain is cautious, our Gunner is tight,
Then comes the shout "They're there on the right"
The fifties are roaring, they're load and they're clear,
We've got "Charlie" worried, there's panic and fear.

Then comes the silence, the end of the fight,
The enemy's gone, he's run of in the night.
The coming of dawn means a patrol that is new,
We thank our protector for seeing us through.

Written after my first patrol on the boats in October 1966
Wayne D. Paterson
A.K.A. Panman

2 posted on 09/19/2003 4:55:03 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: All

3 posted on 09/19/2003 4:55:44 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: bedolido; The Mayor; Prof Engineer; PsyOp; Samwise; comitatus; copperheadmike; Monkey Face; ...
.......FALL IN to the FReeper Foxhole!

.......Good Friday Morning Everyone!

If you would like added or removed from our ping list let me know.
4 posted on 09/19/2003 4:57:00 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
FALL IN to the FReeper Foxhole!

Here I am!

5 posted on 09/19/2003 4:59:20 AM PDT by The Mayor (He who waits on the Lord will not be crushed by the weights of adversity.)
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To: The Mayor
Good Morning Mayor. There you are! LOL.

Sorry about running late today. I made it by 8 a.m. EST so not too bad. Arrrghh!

I need that coffee.
6 posted on 09/19/2003 5:03:15 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
7 posted on 09/19/2003 5:16:21 AM PDT by manna
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To: snippy_about_it
Good morning Snippy and everyone at the Freeper Foxhole.

Folks, we had qute an ordeal with our Dell Dimension 4500S yesterday. The third time it froze on us. It happened before in February and then in May. I clicked on the internet access icon in the system tray, then clicked on disconnet and that's when it happened.

So, we turned it off and then back on, Clicked on the Start menu to check something, it didn't respond. Click Start menu again this time to turn the computer, no response.

So, I turned it off and then back on. Finally it's working properly but we lost about 15000 files on the computer in the process. Two improper shutdowns in a row.

In any event, it's working O.K. for now. We'll see what happens.:-D

8 posted on 09/19/2003 5:29:14 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: manna
Good morning manna.
9 posted on 09/19/2003 5:47:37 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: E.G.C.
Good morning EGC.

Sorry to hear about the lost files. I have trouble but I've been fortunate enough not to lose any files.
10 posted on 09/19/2003 5:48:53 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf
Good morning!

Very interesting topic today, as always. Thanks for your efforts!

Packing continues here. I'm not sure if the end is in sight but the garage is getting full. I see a sense of misproportion here. :)

Hope you are well!

11 posted on 09/19/2003 6:10:27 AM PDT by Colonel_Flagg ("I like a man who grins when he fights." - Sir Winston Churchill)
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To: snippy_about_it
Morning, wandering aboot..
12 posted on 09/19/2003 6:22:26 AM PDT by Darksheare (Ever try surfing FR while sitting upside down? Not for the soft of head, sorry DUers.)
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To: snippy_about_it; All
PING!!!!!!!! here for a GREAT story, sure to warm the heart.

Greetings from Iceland!

13 posted on 09/19/2003 6:22:37 AM PDT by Long Cut (Even in Summertime, Iceland is COLD!)
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To: snippy_about_it
On This Day In History

Birthdates which occurred on September 19:
86 Antoninus Pius 15th Roman emperor (138-161)
1655 Jan Luyts Netherlands, scholar/physicist/mathematician/astronomer
1737 Charles Carroll signed Decl of Ind
1802 Louis Kossuth Hungary, President of Hungary (1849)
1867 Arthur Rackham England, artist/illustrator (Grimm's Fairy Tales)
1889 Ernest Truex KC Mo, actor (Pop-Pete & Gladys, Mr Peepers)
1898 Giuseppe Saragat president of Italy (1964-71)
1901 Joseph Pasternak film producer (Anchors Aweigh, Date With Judy)
1902 James Van Alen created Simplified Scoring System for tennis
1904 Dr Bergen Evans Ohio, English professor ($64,000 Question)
1905 Betty Garde Phila, actress (Aggie-The Real McCoys)
1907 Lewis F Powell Jr Va, Supreme Court justice (1972-87)
1908 Mika Waltari novelist (Egyptian)
1910 Margaret Lindsay Dubuque Iowa, actress (Take a Guess)
1911 William Golding England, novelist (Lord of the Flies-Nobel 1983)
1914 Rogers Morton Louisville Ky, US Secretary of Interior (1968-75)
1919 Blanche Thebom Monessen Penn, mezzo-soprano (Amneris-Aida)
1922 Dana Zatopek Czechoslavakia, javelin thrower (Olympic-gold-1952)
1922 Emil Zatopek Czechoslavakia, 5K/10K/marathon (Olympic-gold-1952)
1926 Edwin "Duke" Snider Bkln Dodger centerfielder (406 HRs)
1926 Lurleen Wallace (Gov-D-Ala)
1928 Adam West Walla Walla Wash, actor (Batman, Last Precinct)
1930 Rosemary Harris Ashby Suffolk England, actress (Holocaust)
1931 Brook Benton Camden, SC, singer (Frankie & Johnny)
1931 Ray Danton NYC, actor/director (Longest Day, Psychic Killer)
1932 Mike Royko Chicago, journalist (Chic Daily News)/author (Boss)
1933 David McCallum Glasgow Scot, actor (Ilyla Kuryakin-Man From UNCLE)
1936 Al Oerter US, discus thrower (Olympic-gold-1956, 60, 64, 68)
1940 Bill Medley Santa Ana Cal, rocker (Righteous Bros-Up Where We Belong)
1940 Paul Williams singer/composer/actor (Planet of the Apes)
1941 Jim Fox England, pentathlete (Olympics-1972)
1943 Christi Haas Austria, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1964)
1943 Mama Cass Elliot Balt Md, singer (Mamas & Papas-Monday Monday)
1945 David Bromberg Phila, musician (Demon in Disguise)
1945 Freda Payne Detroit Mich, singer (Band of Gold)
1945 Jane Blalock LPGA Golfer (Rookie of the Year-1969)
1945 Randolph Mantooth Sacramento Calif, actor (Emergency, Loving)
1948 Jeremy Irons England, actor (French Lieutenant's Woman)
1948 Michael Cooper SF Calif, sodomizer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1948 Nadyezhda Tkachenko USSR, pentathelete (Olympic-gold-1980)
1949 Twiggy Lawson [Leslie Hornby], England, model/actress (Boyfriend, W)
1950 Joan Lunden Fair Oaks Calif, news host (Good Morning America)
1950 Rudy Ramos Lawton Okla, actor (Wind-High Chaparral)
1952 Scott Colomby Bkln, actor (Stash-Sons & Daughters, Szysznyk)
1956 Rex Smith Jacksonville Fla, actor (Solid Gold, Pirates of Penzance)
1957 Richard M Linnehan Lowell Mass, US Army Capt/astronaut
1958 Kevin Hooks Phila, actor (Sounder, Aaron Loves Angela)
1962 Tonja Walker actress (Capitol, General Hospital)
1964 Kim Richards LI NY, actress (Nanny & Prof, James at 15)
1965 Debbye Turner Miss America (1990)

Deaths which occurred on September 19:
1180 Louis VII, the Younger, King of France (1137-80), dies
1356 Jean de Clermont, French marshal, dies in battle
1864 Archibald Campbell Godwin, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
1881 James A Garfield US president, dies of gunshot wound
1967 Martin Block TV announcer (Chesterfield Supper Club), dies at 64
1968 Red Foley country singer (Mr Smith Goes to Washington), dies at 58
1978 Rolf Gunther, East German priest, self imolation
1984 June Preisser dancer/actress, dies at 61 in an auto accident
1988 Oren Lee Staley 1st pres of Natl Farmers Org (1955-79), dies at 65
1995 Orville Reddenbacher, popcorn magnate, drowns in bathtub at 88



POW / MIA Data & Bios supplied by
the P.O.W. NETWORK. Skidmore, MO. USA.

On this day...
1356 English defeat French at Battle of Poitiers
1523 Emperor Charles I & England sign anti-French covenant
1559 5 Spanish ships sinks in storm off Tampa, about 600 die
1676 Rebels under Nathaniel Bacon set Jamestown Va on fire
1692 Giles Corey is pressed to death for standing mute and refusing to answer charges of witchcraft brought against him. He is the only person in America to have suffered this punishment.
1777 Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights) or 1st Battle of Saratoga
1796 George Washington's farewell address as president
1846 Elizabeth Barrett & Robert Browning elopes
1848 Bond (US) & Lassell (England) independently discover Hyperion, moon of Saturn
1849 1st commercial laundry established, in Oakland, California
1862 Battle of Luka, Miss
1863 In Georgia, the two-day Battle of Chickamauga begins as Union troops under George Thomas clash with Confederates under Nathan Bedford Forrest
1864 3rd Battle of Winchester, Virginia
1873 Black Friday: Jay Cooke & Co fails, causing a securities panic
1879 Thomas Ray becomes youngest to break a world track & field record pole-vaulting 11' 2¬" at age 17 years & 198 days
1890 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
1914 Brooklyn's Ed Lafitte no-hits KC (Federal League), 6-2
1928 Mickey Mouse's screen debut (Steamboat Willie at Colony Theater NYC)
1934 Bruno Hauptmann arrested for kidnapping the Linbergh baby
1940 Nazi decree forbids gentile women to work in Jewish homes
1945 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London
1955 Argentina's President Juan Peron is overthrown by rebels.
1956 1st intl conference of black writers & artists meets (Sorbonne)
1957 1st underground nuclear explosion (Las Vegas Nevada)
1959 Nikita Krushchev is denied access to Disneyland
1966 Mike Burke named Yankees pres
1968 Baby born on Golden Gate Bridge (those Marin County folk!)
1970 "Mary Tyler Moore" show premiers
1973 NL refuses to allow San Diego Padres move to Washington DC
1973 Pirate Radio Free America (off Cape May NJ) goes on the air
1980 Titan II missile explosion (Damascus, AR)
1981 Satellites China 10 & 11 launched into Earth orbit by B-1 rocket
1981 Simon & Garfunkel reunite for a NYC Central Park concert
1982 New Orleans Saints 1st road shutout victory beating Chic Bears 10-0
1982 Streetcars stop running on Market St after 122 years of service
1983 St Christopher-Nevis gains independence from Britain (Nat'l Day)
1985 9,500 die in Mexico's earthquake (6.9)
1986 "Captain EO" with Michael Jackson permieres
1986 Chic White Sox Joe Crowley no-hits Calif Angels, 7-1
1986 Fed health officals announce AZT will be available to AIDS patients
1988 Israel launches 1st satellite, for secret military reconnaissance
1989 Chase Manhattan Discovery Center at Brooklyn Botanic Garden opens
1989 Appeals court restores America's Cup to US after NY Supreme Court gave it to New Zealand (NZ protested US's use of a catamaran)

Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

Bhutan : Blessed Rainy Day
Chile : Army Day (1810)
UN observance : Intl Day of Peace (Tuesday)
Laundry Day
National Chicken Month

Religious Observances
Ang, RC : Ember Day
RC : Memorial of St Januarius, bishop, & companions, martyrs (opt)
Ang : Commemoration of Theodore of Tarsus, archbishop of Canterbury

Religious History
1853 Baptist pioneer missionary J. Hudson Taylor, 21, set sail from England to China. In 1865, Taylor founded the China Inland Mission, now known as Overseas Missionary Fellowship. Its U.S. branch is HQ'd today in Robesonia, PA.
1938 The Carpatho-Russian Diocese of the Eastern Rite of the U.S.A. was canonized as a diocese of the Greek Orthodox Church. Father Orestes Chornock, Orthodox bishop of Agathonikia, was made Metropolitan of the new diocese.
1943 The first Baptist church was organized in Anchorage. (Prior to this date, there had been no Baptist church in Anchorage, and only one Baptist church in all the rest of the state of Alaska.)
1948 American missionary and martyr Jim Elliot wrote in his journal: 'Father, make of me a "crisis man." Make of me a fork, so that men must turn one way or another on facing Christ in me.'
1971 Death of William F. Albright, 80, American Methodist archaeologist. Professor of Semitic languages at Johns Hopkins for nearly 30 years, he penned over 1,000 articles and books, and led several Near Eastern expeditions which excavated the biblical sites of Gibeah, Bethel and Petra.

Source: William D. Blake. ALMANAC OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1987.

Thought for the day :
"Man and wife make one fool."

You might be a drunk if...your only conversations with God are over a commode pleading "just help me stop puking and I'll NEVER drink again!"

Murphys Law of the day...(car laws)
Being dead right doesn't make you any less dead.

It's a little known fact that...
"Rhythms" is the longest English word without vowels.
14 posted on 09/19/2003 6:29:03 AM PDT by Valin (It's all an INSIDIOUS plot...and they're the worst kind!)
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To: Long Cut; SAMWolf
They told us that. But that's not what's going to happen.

Good morning Long Cut, what a wonderful story.

No matter what we think about the way this country is going there is no denying we have wonderful people in our Armed Forces and there is hope.

It's good to hear from you. Thanks for stopping in at the Foxhole and as always you are in our prayers and thank you for serving.

15 posted on 09/19/2003 6:29:55 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Valin
Good morning Valin. Happy Friday!!!
16 posted on 09/19/2003 6:30:27 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Colonel_Flagg
Good morning Colonel.

Trust me, unpacking will take much longer but won't be as hectic. You'll be amazed at what you can do without. LOL.

Good to see you. I'm well thank you.

I will tell you though our poor SAM was attacked by yellow jackets yesterday and received several stings, quite a few in fact.

I hope we find him well this morning when he awakens.
17 posted on 09/19/2003 6:39:34 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Darksheare
Good Morning Darksheare. It's so good to have you and your computer back on a regular basis. ;)
18 posted on 09/19/2003 6:41:15 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Sam got buzz-dived by yellowjackets?
"When he wakes up"?
He reacts to them somewhat, doesn't he.
Do hope he's okay.
19 posted on 09/19/2003 6:50:36 AM PDT by Darksheare (Ever try surfing FR while sitting upside down? Not for the soft of head, sorry DUers.)
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To: *all

Air Power
Bell UH-1 "Iroquois" (Huey)

The remarkable Bell UH-1 Iroquois (Huey) has been the quintessential all-purpose military helicopter for over three decades. It has been used by all four U.S. services, and international forces, in missions ranging from mountain rescue to troop transport, and from anti-armor to anti-submarine warfare. The Huey got its distinctive nickname from its original Army designation, the HU-1. It was later redesignated UH-1, under a tri-service agreement.

Bell produced two major versions of the UH-1 - the single engine Models 204 and 205 and the twin engine Models 212 and 412. Although both were UH-1s, there were enough differences to warrant considering them two separate aircraft.

The UH-1 Iroquois is used for command and control, medical evacuation, and to transport personnel, equipment and supplies. The latest models are the UH-1H and the UH-1V. Initially procured in 1959, the Huey is the senior member of the Army’s helicopter fleet. The last production aircraft was delivered in 1976. More than 9,000 were produced in 20 years. Considered to be the most widely used helicopter in the world, the Huey is flown today by about 40 countries. Evolving through 13 models, the Huey flew millions of flight hours in support of a wide variety of Army missions.

In 1995 the Army's UH-1 Residual Fleet was projected to be approximately 1000 aircraft. The 1998 Aviation Modernization Plan reduced the Residual Fleet to approximately 700 aircraft to be retained through 2015. The 1999 Utility Helicopter Fleet Modernization Analysis recommended a reengine and upgrade for the UH-1 for the LUH [light utility helicopter] mission, with a SLEP (including overhauled T53) for Strategic Reserve & Residual TDA. The 2000 Aviation Modernization Plan / Aviation Transformation Plan divested the UH-1 completely by the end of FY04, and sustained the current configuration through the divestiture period. Army support for UH-1 ends after September 20004. Until then support will remains as currently established.

The Aviation Restructure Initiative or ARI is a comprehensive and complex effort to shape army aviation units affected by the Army's downsizing to render more capable and effective units. The total effects of ARI are to downsize the aviation force, while at the same time enhancing the capability and sustainability of Army aviation units on the battlefield. ARI causes roughly a 40 percent decrease in the number of aircraft, while resulting in roughly a 20 percent reduction in aviation enlisted personnel. Most all OH-58A and C, UH-1, and AH-1 mechanics are displaced by Kiowa Warrior, Blackhawk and Apache modernized systems over the course of the next several years. The Army's UH-1 fleet has had problems that led to approximately 20-25% of the aircraft still flyable as of late 2000. Many of these that are flyable have very few hours until they run out of time and are grounded again. The Army plans to have the entire UH-1 fleet out of the inventory (AD/USAR/ARNG) by the end of FY2004.

Primary function: Utility helicopter
Manufacturer: Bell Helicopter Textron
Power plant: Pratt and Whitney T400-CP-400
Power Burst: 1290 shaft horsepower (transmission limited)
Continuous: 1134 shaft horsepower (transmission limited)
Crew: Officer: 2 / Enlisted: 2

Length: 57.3 feet (17.46 meters)
Height: 14.9 feet (4.54 meters)
Rotor Diameter: 48 feet (14.62 meters)

Performance :
Speed: 121 knots (139.15 miles per hour) at sea level
Ceiling: 14,200 feet (limited to 10,000 feet by oxygen requirements)
Maximum takeoff weight: 10,500 pounds (4,767 kilograms)
Range: 172 nautical miles (197.8 miles)

M-240 7.62mm machine gun or
GAU-16 .50 caliber machine gun or
GAU-17 7.62mm automatic gun
All three weapons systems are crew-served, and the GAU-2B/A can also be controlled by the pilot in the fixed forward firing mode.
The helicopter can also carry two 7-shot or 19-shot 2.75" rocket pods.

All photos Copyright of Global Security.Org

20 posted on 09/19/2003 6:53:06 AM PDT by Johnny Gage (The Bureau of Incomplete Statistics reports that 1 out of 3 .....)
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