Skip to comments."Some of Them Lived Even to Our Day" ~ The lost Apology of Saint Quadratus
Posted on 05/26/2020 9:05:08 PM PDT by Antoninus
May 26 is the feast of the early Church father Saint Quadratus of Athens. He is primarily known as a very early apologist for the faith who presented his arguments directly to the emperor Hadrian while the latter was visiting Athens, sometime between AD 124 and AD 132.
Practically all of what is known of his life may be found in this brief biographical notice in Saint Jeromes work, On Illustrious Men:
Quadratus, disciple of the apostles, after Publius bishop of Athens had been crowned with martyrdom on account of his faith in Christ, was substituted in his place, and by his faith and industry gathered the church scattered by reason of its great fear. And when Hadrian passed the winter at Athens to witness the Eleusinian mysteries and was initiated into almost all the sacred mysteries of Greece, those who hated the Christians took opportunity without instructions from the Emperor to harass the believers. At this time he presented to Hadrian a work composed in behalf of our religion, indispensable, full of sound argument and faith and worthy of the apostolic teaching. In which, illustrating the antiquity of his period, he says that he has seen many who, oppressed by various ills, were healed by the Lord in Judea as well as some who had been raised from the dead.
Jerome later says that Quadratus presented his Apology to Hadrian at the same time as Aristides of Athens, a Christian philosopher, presented his Apology. Sadly, the apology of Quadratus was subsequently lost. Only a single brief passage was preserved in the Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius as follows:
But the works of our Savior were always present, for they are genuine: those that were healed and those that were raised from the dead, who were seen not only when they were healed and when they were raised, but were also always present. And not merely while the Savior was on earth, but also after His death, they were alive for quite a while, so that some of them lived even to our day. [Taken from The Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius]
Eusebius says that the work is still in the hands of a great many of the brethren, as also in our own, and furnishes clear proofs of the mans understanding and of his apostolic orthodoxy. The Apology of Quadratus was still known at late as the early 7th century AD when it is mentioned in a work by the bishop Eusebius of Thessalonika against the monk, Andrew, who embraced the heresy known as aphthartodocetism. Sadly, this work is also lost, though a summary of it exists in the Bibliotheca of Photius.
Tradition considers Quadratus a confessor, rather than a martyr. Several images of his martyrdom may be found online, though these most likely depict other early martyrs of the same name (eg. Quadratus of Corinth) and were mislabeled.
It has been speculated by some modern scholars that Quadratus was also the author of the anonymous Letter to Diognetus, and that his Apology and the Letter may be one in the same. But this theory has been largely disregarded because the Letter does not contain the quote pulled out by Eusebius.
Read the full text of the Letter to Diognetus in: I Am A Christian: Authentic Accounts of Christian Martyrdom and Persecution from the Ancient Sources.
Must be connected to Matthew 27:50-53:
And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit. And behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth shook and the rocks were split. The tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; and coming out of the tombs after His resurrection they entered the holy city and appeared to many.
I don’t see the connection
The most important historical facts are the birth, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. These facts make belief in the divinity and love of Jesus the most important facts of life.
Folks rightly focus on the direct historical references to Jesus when assessing the historical truth of Jesus. But there are other indirect sources which fall into a more ambiguous category like the one about Quadratus.
(One of the more interesting ones, to my mind, concerns Pilate, Tiberius and the Roman Senate, and is subject to many valid objections, but still seems to contain at least a grain of truth):
Every man, atheists included, has a fundamental faith which is the basis for his way of thinking and looking at the world. Faith in Jesus, IMO, is the one which makes the most sense and has spiritual value no other faith can offer.
“Every man, atheists included, has a fundamental faith which is the basis for his way of thinking and looking at the world. Faith in Jesus, IMO, is the one which makes the most sense...”
True, although (IMO) it is important to note that Pascal believed in the actual historical fact of Jesus and everything which flowed from that historical fact.
“those that were raised from the dead, who were seen not only when they were healed and when they were raised, but were also always present. “
“tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; and coming out of the tombs after His resurrection they entered the holy city and appeared to many.
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