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catholic word of the day: fifteen marks of the church, 10-17-14
CCDictionary ^ | 10-17-14 | Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary

Posted on 10/17/2014 9:00:15 AM PDT by Salvation

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The fifteen features of the true Church developed by St. Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621), cardinal, Archbishop of Capua, and Doctor of the Church. As a contemporary of the original Protestant Reformers, he expanded the traditional four marks to fifteen, as follows:

1. the Church's name, Catholic, universal, and worldwide, and not confined to any particular nation or people;

2. antiquity in tracing her ancestry directly to Jesus Christ;

3. constant duration in lasting substantially unchanged for so many centuries;

4. extensiveness in the number of her loyal members;

5. episcopal succession of her bishops from the first Apostles at the Last Supper to the present hierarchy;

6. doctrinal agreement of her doctrine with the teaching of the ancient Church;

7. union of her members among themselves and with their visible head the Roman Pontiff;

8. holiness of doctrine in reflecting the sanctity of God;

9. efficacy of doctrine in its power to sanctify believers and inspire t hem to great moral achievement;

10. holiness of life of the Church's representative writers and defenders;

11. the glory of miracles worked in the Church and under the Church's auspices;

12. the gift of prophecy found among the Church's saints and spokesmen;

13. the opposition that the Church arouses among those who attack her on the very grounds that Christ was opposed by his enemies;

14. the unhappy end of those who fight against her; and

15. the temporal peace and earthly happiness of those who live by the Church's teaching and defend her interests.

All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.

TOPICS: Apologetics; Catholic; History; Theology
KEYWORDS: catholic; marks
One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic AND more!
1 posted on 10/17/2014 9:00:16 AM PDT by Salvation
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To: JRandomFreeper; Allegra; Straight Vermonter; Cronos; SumProVita; AnAmericanMother; annalex; dsc; ...

Catholic Word of the Day Ping!

Operating Grace


Transitional Diaconate

Canonical Life

Natural Virtue

Vatican City



Evangelica Testificatio


Legend of the Saints

Sacramental Dispositions

Miracle of Grace



Whole Christ

Uniat Churches


Quanta Cura

Guest Master



Antiochene Rite

Knowledge of God


New Testament Names and Titles of Christ

Twelve Promises [of the Sacred Heart of Jesus]

Original Impassibility


Word and Deed



Last Gospel

Oil of the Sick


Brothers' Institutes


Deo Optimo Maximo

Unjust Aggressor


Declaration of Nullity

Fifteen Marks of the Church

If you aren’t on this Catholic Word of the Day Ping list and would like to be, please send me a FReepmail.

2 posted on 10/17/2014 9:05:43 AM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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