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St. Thomas Aquinas: His Life and Writings ^ | not given | Crossroads

Posted on 01/27/2011 9:35:01 PM PST by Salvation

St. Thomas Aquinas

Saint Thomas Aquinas: His Life and WritingsSt. Thomas Aquinas:

His Life and Writings

priest and Doctor of the Church

In the middle of the thirteenth century, a noble family named Aquinas from Southern Italy had a plan for their son.  Thomas had been born in 1225 (in the lifetime of St. Francis of Assisi) and had received his initial education from the Benedictines at the historic Abbey of Monte Cassino, founded by St. Benedict himself.  His parents knew he was religiously inclined, so his father planned to pull a few strings and get Thomas appointed Abbot of Monte Cassino, a position with power and prestige befitting the son of the Count of Aquinas.

But before taking such a step, the Count sent him to the newly founded University of Naples to get some further education.  While there, Thomas was inspired by the members of a new, unconventional religious order called the Dominicans or Order of Preachers.  Over the protests of his parents, Thomas, joined this new group. The young friar grew rapidly in holiness and knowledge of the things of God.  It helped, of course, that he had St. Albert the Great as one of his principal teachers.  Ultimately, Thomas Aquinas was appointed professor of Sacred Theology at the University of Paris where he taught alongside a Franciscan professor named Bonaventure. 

Though not sufficiently appreciated until the Council of Trent three hundred years later, Thomas Aquinas, who died in 1274, ultimately came to be recognized as a Doctor of the Church and as indeed one of the greatest Catholic teachers of all time.  He wrote commentaries on various books of the bible as well as the multi-volume apologetics work "Summa Contra Gentiles."  Yet St. Thomas was first and foremost a man of prayer, a true disciple of Jesus and Jesus' disciple Dominic.  His study flowed from his prayer and his profound holiness made it possible for him to discern the wheat from the chaff in the intellectual currents of his day, and integrate that wheat into the established fare of the Catholic Tradition.  His most notable achievement along these lines was to show how many of the ideas of the pagan Greek philosopher, Aristotle, could be utilized with great benefit in Catholic theology, an idea that was quite controversial in his day.

St. Thomas' greatest theological work, the Summa Theologiae is, though unfinished, nevertheless a masterpiece of theology that covers all aspects of Catholic doctrine from the Trinity to Morality.

St. Thomas died in 1274 (the same year as  his Franciscan Colleague, St. Bonaventure) while on his way to participate in the Ecumenical Council of Lyons.  As early as 1277, his work was attacked by a number of Catholic theological faculties and remained under a cloud until the time of Council of Trent some 300 years later.  Pope Leo XIII, in the late 19th century, recognized that the achievement of St. Thomas in the area of truly Christian philosophy and theology had to be emulated in the modern era if the Church was ever to meet the challenge posed by atheism and secularism.

The selection of writings below are brief, inspiring, and useful for all, regardless of educational level.  For a complete online version of St. Thomas' Summa Theologiae, visit



TOPICS: Apologetics; Catholic; History; Theology
KEYWORDS: catholic; catholiclist; saints; sourcetitlenoturl


Good Shepherd--Thomas Aquinas Revelation and the Word of God Yes Download
Life Everlasting Amen-St Thomas Aquinas Heaven,
2nd Coming of Christ
O Wonderful Banquet! St. Thomas Aquinas on the Feast of Corpus Christi Liturgy and 7 Sacraments,
Yes Download
Prayer after Mass--St. Thomas Aquinas Liturgy and 7 Sacraments,
Prayer and Spirituality,
Yes Download
Current Topics,
Liturgy and 7 Sacraments,
Yes Download
The Way, the Truth, and the Life-St Thomas Aquinas Catholic Bible Study Yes Download
Why the Cross Exemplifies every Virtue -Thomas Aquinas Passion of Christ

1 posted on 01/27/2011 9:35:07 PM PST by Salvation
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To: All
St. Thomas Aquinas: His Life and Writings
It's not (necessarily) a heresy to reject the making of a bishop as a participation in Holy Orders
Aquinas vs. Luther: A Brief Excerpt from Chesterton
On St. Thomas Aquinas
Three Reasons for Teaching the Bible [St. Thomas Aquinas]
The Catechism of Thomas Aquinas series

Aquinas and the Big Bang
Life Lessons from the Patron Saint of Scholars [St. Thomas Aquinas]
The Cross Exemplifies Every Virtue [St. Thomas Aquinas]
Vatican Official Considers Aquinas' Comeback (Recalls Morality Was Scorned in the 60s)
St. Thomas Aquinas on Just War
The Holy Trinity (excerpt from the Light of Faith by St. Thomas Aquinas)
[Today is] The Feast of St. Thomas Aquinas
Creation, Evolution, and Thomas Aquinas

St Thomas Aquinas on "Whether the female sex is an impediment to receiving Orders?"
Mel Gibson and Thomas Aquinas: How the Passion Works
Saint Thomas Aquinas Confessor, Doctor of the Church,1226-1274
January 28 - Feast Day of St. Thomas Aquinas - Pope John Paul II on the Angelic Doctor
A Defense of the Ecumenical Gathering at Assisi (Ecumenism in St. Thomas Aquinas)
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Aquinas as Relevant as Ever, Says Cardinal Grocholewski(Guide for Harmony Between Faith and Reason)
Aquinas on The Principles of the Philosophy of Nature
Whether it is always sinful to wage war? (Aquinas on Just War)
A Hymn By St. Thomas Aquinas - Pange, Lingua, Gloriosi (Acclaim, My Tongue, This Mystery)

2 posted on 01/27/2011 9:38:48 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation

St. Thomas Aquinas is one of the most brilliant thinkers of all time. It’s sad the Catholic Church gave up on him.

3 posted on 01/27/2011 9:51:54 PM PST by nickcarraway
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To: nickcarraway

Why do you say that?

4 posted on 01/27/2011 10:36:10 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation

Aquinas was an Aristotelean but St Augustine was a Neo- Platonist?

5 posted on 01/27/2011 11:25:56 PM PST by haroldeveryman
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To: nickcarraway; NYer; ELS; Pyro7480; livius; ArrogantBustard; Catholicguy; RobbyS; markomalley; ...
St. Thomas Aquinas

Saint of the Day Ping!

If you aren’t on this ping list NOW and would like to be on it, please Freepmail me.

6 posted on 01/28/2011 8:07:49 AM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
Reading From a conference by Saint Thomas Aquinas, priest
The Cross exemplifies every virtue
Why did the Son of God have to suffer for us? There was a great need, and it can be considered in a twofold way: in the first place, as a remedy for sin, and secondly, as an example of how to act.
  It is a remedy, for, in the face of all the evils which we incur on account of our sins, we have found relief through the passion of Christ. Yet, it is no less an example, for the passion of Christ completely suffices to fashion our lives. Whoever wishes to live perfectly should do nothing but disdain what Christ disdained on the cross and desire what he desired, for the cross exemplifies every virtue.
  If you seek the example of love: Greater love than this no man has, than to lay down his life for his friends. Such a man was Christ on the cross. And if he gave his life for us, then it should not be difficult to bear whatever hardships arise for his sake.
  If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways: either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid. Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten; he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth. Therefore Christ’s patience on the cross was great. In patience let us run for the prize set before us, looking upon Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith who, for the joy set before him, bore his cross and despised the shame.
  If you seek an example of humility, look upon the crucified one, for God wished to be judged by Pontius Pilate and to die.
  If you seek an example of obedience, follow him who became obedient to the Father even unto death. For just as by the disobedience of one man, namely, Adam, many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one man, many were made righteous.
  If you seek an example of despising earthly things, follow him who is the King of kings and the Lord of lords, in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge. Upon the cross he was stripped, mocked, spat upon, struck, crowned with thorns, and given only vinegar and gall to drink.
  Do not be attached, therefore, to clothing and riches, because they divided my garments among themselves. Nor to honours, for he experienced harsh words and scourgings. Nor to greatness of rank, for weaving a crown of thorns they placed it on my head. Nor to anything delightful, for in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
I prayed, and understanding was given to me; I entreated, and the spirit of wisdom came to me. I esteemed her more than sceptres and thrones; compared with her, I held riches as nothing.
Your purpose none may know, unless you grant your gift of wisdom, sending us from heaven your own Holy Spirit. I esteemed her more than sceptres and thrones; compared with her, I held riches as nothing.

Let us pray.
Lord, our God, since it was by your gift that Saint Thomas became so great a saint and theologian,
  give us grace to understand his teaching and follow his way of life.
[We make our prayer] through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
  who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
  God for ever and ever.

7 posted on 01/28/2011 8:13:34 AM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: nickcarraway
Saint Thomas Aquinas,Priest & Doctor of the Church

Saint Thomas Aquinas,
Priest & Doctor of the Church
January 28th

Benozzo Gozzoli
Triumph of St Thomas Aquinas
1471 -- Tempera on panel
Musée du Louvre, Paris

Adoremus Hymnal

St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) was educated at the Abbey of Monte Cassino and at the University of Naples. In 1244 he joined the Dominican Order. Considered one of the greatest philosophers and theologians of all time, St. Thoms gained the title of "Angelic Doctor". He had an undisputed mastery of scholastic theology and a profound holiness oflife. Pope Leo XIII declared him Patron of Catholic Schools. His monumental work, the Summa Theologica, wasstill unfinished when he died.

Source: Daily Roman Missal, Edited by Rev. James Socías, Midwest Theological Forum, Chicago, Illinois ©2003


God our Father,
You made Thomas Aquinas known
for his holiness and learning.
Help us to grow in wisdom by his teaching,
and in holiness by imitating his faith.
Grant this through our Lord Jesus Christ, Your Son,
who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit,
one God, for ever and ever. +Amen.

First Reading: Wisdom 7:7-10,15-16
Therefore I prayed, and understanding was given me;
I called upon God, and the spirit of wisdom came to me.
I preferred her to scepters and thrones,
and I accounted wealth as nothing in comparison with her.
Neither did I liken to her any priceless gem,
because all gold is but a little sand in her sight,
and silver will be accounted as clay before her.
I loved her more than health and beauty,
and I chose to have her rather than light,
because her radiance never ceases.

May God grant that I speak with judgment
and have thought worthy of what I have received,
for He is the guide even of wisdom and the corrector of the wise.
For both we and our words are in His hand,
as are all understanding and skill in crafts.

Gospel Reading: Matthew 23:8-12
But you are not to be called rabbi, for you have one teacher, and you are all brethren. And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven. Neither be called masters, for you have one master, the Christ. He who is greatest among you shall be your servant; whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.


Sweetest Jesus,
Body and Blood most Holy,
be the delight and pleasure of my soul,
my strenght and salvation in all temptations,
my joy and peace in every trial,
my light and guide in every word and deed,
and my final protection in death. Amen

St. Thomas Aquinas
The Aquinas Prayer Book, Sophia Institute Press,

Prayer of Saint Thomas Aquinas:
"Ad Sacrosanctum Sacramentum"

O sacred banquet at which
Christ is consumed,
The memory of His Passion recalled,
our soul filled with grace,
and our pledge of future glory received:

How delightful, Lord, is Your spirit,
which shows Your sweetness to men,
offers the precious bread of heaven,
fills the hungry with good things,
and sends away empty the scornful rich.

V. You have given them bread from heaven.
R. A bread having all sweetness within it.

Let us pray:

God, Who left for us a memorial of Your Passion in this miraculous sacrament, Grant we implore You, that we may venerate the holy mystery of Your Body and Blood, so that we may ever experience in ourselves the fruitfulness of Your redemption.
You who life and reign, world without end. Amen.

(Translation from The Aquinas Prayer Book, Sophia Institute Press)

Whether Christ Changed the Role of Woman by Elizabeth Ruth Cheffers --The assignment required following the format of the great 13th century Dominican scholastic theologian, Saint Thomas Aquinas. In his Summa theologica, this form included the question (Utrum... - whether...), the objections, the body of the argument (Sed contra - on the contrary), answering the objections (Respondeo dicendum), and conclusion - the form followed in this essay. Pentecost 2002, winning young writer's essay.

Link to The Summa Theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas -

Related Links of the Vatican Website: 1) Pope Benedict XVI, General Audience, Saint Peter's Square, Wednesday, June 2, 2010 on Saint Thomas Aquinas

2) Pope Benedict XVI, General Audience, Saint Peter's Square, Wednesday, June 16, 2010 on Saint Thomas Aquinas

3) Pope Benedict XVI, General Audience, Saint Peter's Square, Wednesday, June 23, 2010 on Saint Thomas Aquinas

8 posted on 01/28/2011 8:23:06 AM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation

Many Thanks, Salvation.

9 posted on 01/28/2011 2:19:07 PM PST by TASMANIANRED (Liberals are educated above their level of intelligence.. Thanks Sr. Angelica)
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