Skip to comments.Cleopatra's gems rise from the deep
Posted on 05/11/2006 6:14:37 PM PDT by wagglebee
Won't they please bring it to Bakersfield???
I love these GGG threads because I read statements like that and marvel at human ingenuity. When I was teaching, I ran across a very consistent bias in my teenage students that people who live in other countries in vastly different cultures, or people who lived in ages past are inherently less intelligent than "we" are. Yet they, as is the case with many adults, cannot do simple arithmetic without the use of their calculators. Give them four sticks and some string and they would be unable to devise a way to stake out a geometrically square foundation on the ground. I could, and I could probably survey out a fairly straight 'Roman road'. But I know I couldn't build a pyramid or an Incan wall or make a likeness of someone out of stone. So props to those who did and whose works have stood the eons - they put our modern world in perspective.
If you ever saw the water in Alexandria, you wouldn't want to dive in it.
It's gotten a little better recently, but I remember about 20 years ago when most children couldn't tell time on anything other than a digital clock and small children couldn't tie their shoes because of velcro.
We rely on computers for everything today, but the mathematical equations for the atomic bomb, jet aircraft and much of the space program was done with slide rulers. As you pointed out, we have the most advanced engineering programs imaginable today, yet nobody has been able to produce a reasonable theory of how the pyramids were constructed.
I always felt very proud of my father who worked on the Space Programs of the 60-70's. He did his work on a slide rule because computer time was so limited. It was not until the engineers felt they had the formulas correct that they ran the full launch process through the computers. Dad would spend weeks making sure the input code was correct, then it would take weeks for the computer to do the processing. When there was a problem all the engineers would pull out their slide rules. It was not until about 1975 when dad came home with a TI Calculator the size of a paperback book which could take the Square root to three decimal places plus having trig fuctions. Us kids were not allowed to "play" with it, meaning we couldn't do our math homework on it!
Amazing to realize that our great space program was run by engineers with slide rules. My Dad retired from his engineering job at the age of 80. Although he had kept up with the times and used the computer for his work, when he cleaned out his desk, the souvenir he kept was his trusty old 40's era slide rule. Some of the young guys at work had never seen one.
Last year, I read "The October Horse" and thought one of the most interesting parts was the author's description of Cato's gruesome suicide.
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Cleopatra's Signature DiscoveredThe handwriting of the Egyptian queen Cleopatra has emerged from a Greek papyrus stored for more than a century in a mummy casing in the Egyptian Museum in Berlin, Germany, a Dutch scholar claimed yesterday. "Cleopatra's signature can be found in just one word: 'genestho,' which means 'Make it so!' It is the formula for the royal authorization, and had to be added by the ruler's own hand," said Peter Van Minnen, a Dutch Academy research fellow in religious studies at the University of Groningen... Van Minnen insists the document he discovered is an original. The main text was the work of a secretary, while the subscription "genestho," written in a different hand, was signed by the queen herself. Moreover, at the top of the page, the Alexandrian office where the text was received added a note about the date they received it, around 33 B.C... "The text dates from 33 B.C. and clearly shows how Cleopatra tried to strengthen Canidius' allegiance to her. He is allowed to export (tax-free) Egyptian wheat up to 10,000 sacks and to import wine to Egypt up to 5,000 amphorae," said Van Minnen.
by Rossella Lorenzi
October 3, 2000
Any more pictures?
No exhibition in Greece? After all the Ptolemys were Greek, IIRC.
My father is in corporate finance and has always like gadgets. I remember in about 1973 when he got his first calculator and IIRC it cost over $500 which was a ton of money at that time. And then in 77 or 78 when the Radio Shack TRS 80 computers came out and they cost more than most cars did at the time. But he still has his slide rules in his desk somewhere, I doubt they even make them anymore and I'm certain that almost nobody under the age of 50 would have the slightest idea how to use them.
But was the horse found?
That's the year I left 'silicon valley' and went to work for TI. Something most people don't know:
"Jack St. Clair Kilby (November 8, 1923 June 20, 2005) was a notable American electrical engineer who co-won the Nobel Prize in physics in 2000. He invented the integrated circuit in 1958 while working at Texas Instruments (TI) at about six months before Robert Noyce made the same invention at Fairchild Semiconductor."
I can really relate to your post. My dad also worked on the space program in the 60's. I remember him showing me how to do simple multiplication on his "slipstick" (what they used to call their slide rules). I doubt I could do that anymore. I was visiting my parents in AZ last month and was looking through some old stuff and found dad's slide rule. It brought back memories of watching the launces of many of the Apollo missions.
I took an advanced mathematics course in high school in 1971. One of the subjects was slide rules and related computational aids that were about to be relegated to the dust bin.
I still have the slide rule I bought for the class in storage someplace, and the big CRC mathematics & chemical reference book that went with it. I doubt that I remember how to use it.
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