Skip to comments.Kosovo and the Holocaust: Falsifying History
Posted on 02/16/2005 7:05:38 AM PST by DTA
>Book Review: Rescue in Albania, by Harvey Sarner, Brunswick Press, 1997, 106 pages.
Kosovo and the Holocaust: Falsifying History
By Carl Savich
History is in many ways a myth we create for ourselves. History is constantly falsified to justify wars and territorial claims. Albanian apologists have falsified the role Albania played in the Holocaust to justify an illegal US/NATO war against Serbia and to allow for the creation of a Greater Albania that would include the Serbian province of Kosovo-Metohija. The Albanian role in the Holocaust was falsified and manipulated to advance the creation of an independent Kosova, an ethnically pure Albania statelet, a second Albanian state in eastern Europe.
The Jewish victims of the Holocaust in Albania are estimated at 591 from 1941 to 1944, when a Greater Albania was sponsored by Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. There were 33 known families of Albanian Jews living in pre-war Albania. The largest Jewish community consisted of 15 Jewish families living in Vlora. According to the 1930 census, there were 204 Jews living in Albania. At the Wannsee Conference in 1942, when the Final Solution was organized, the total Jewish population of Albania was listed as 200 Jews. By 1939 there were Jewish refugees from Germany and Austria.
The two factors that explain why more Jews in Albania were not killed are that Albania was under Italian control and Albania had a very small Jewish population. Italian forces in Albania rejected the Final Solution as the German disease and did not enforce anti-Jewish measures. This is why Albanian Jews were rescued in Albania, not because of anything the Albanians did themselves. There was no history of ideological anti-Semitism in Albania. But this was true of every country in the Balkans. A history of anti-Semitism did not exist in Greece, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Hungary, or Romania. So Albania was not unique in this regard in any way. The small number of Jews in Albania also played a key role in why they were not killed. During the Italian occupation, they were able to disperse and blend in the general population. When Germany occupied Albania in 1943, the Jewish population was already beyond reach.
What role did Albania play in the Holocaust? Albanian apologists maintain that no Jews were killed in Albania during the Holocaust. Is this accurate? What is the context of this statement? Albanian apologists have consciously and methodically falsified the Albanian role in the Holocaust. The way this was done was to totally suppress the fact that Kosovo-Metohija was a part of Albania from 1941 to 1944. Also left out is the fact that a Greater Albania was in fact created that included not only Kosovo-Metohija, Kosova in the Greater Albania ideology, but southern Serbian territory, territory in southern Montenegro, and western Macedonia, or Illirida. Albanian apologists distort history by implying that it was Albanians that rescued Jews. But in fact it was the Italian occupation forces that opposed the Final Solution and who rescued Jews. Another falsification is the omission of the role played by Xhafer Deva, a Kosovar Albanian Muslim, in the Greater Albanian state and in the Holocaust.
Albanian apologists falsify the history of the Holocaust by suppressing the fact that it was Adolf Hitler who first created a Greater Albania that included the Serbian province of Kosovo-Metohija. They assiduously cover-up the fact that it was Adolf Hitler who set the precedent for an independent Kosova, an ethnically pure Albanian Kosova. Albanian apologists have carefully suppressed and deleted this fact.
Rescue in Albania by Harvey Sarner was published in book form in 1997 just in time for the Kosovo conflict and the start of the KLA terrorism campaign sponsored by the US/EU/NATO. It began being used as a propaganda tract immediately. The book was to pave the way for US military intervention in Serbia. It was first published as a booklet in 1992 as The Jews of Albania. It was released following the aliyah or emigration of the entire Jewish population out of Albania. They settled in Tel Aviv and other towns and cities in Israel. Little is revealed about the author. This throws up red flags. But Sarner did play a major role in the emigration of Albanian Jews to Israel. So the publication initially was payback or a goodwill gesture from Sarner for the emigration out of Albania to Israel. Israel got 300 new citizens and Albania got the pamphlet The Jews of Albania, a thank you note.
Who is Harvey Sarner? He is a third generation American of Jewish-Polish descent. Sarner is a retired American attorney. He is not a historian. The book is essentially a hack job. Sarner has paid or subsidized visits to Israel of Righteous Gentiles. He has written another book, General Anders and the Soldiers of the Second Polish Corps in 1997. Yad Vashem has listed 118 Serbs as Righteous Gentiles who rescued Jews during the Holocaust while only 61 Albanians have been so honored. But Sarner conveniently doesnt mention this. He is the chairman of the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) Jewish Foundation for Christian Rescuers. He has worked with Jews in Poland, Ukraine, and Albania. His primary focus is on Jewish emigration to Israel and in documenting those non-Jews who have rescued Jews during the Holocaust.
Rescue in Albania is nothing more than a thinly-veiled propaganda tract. His subtitle is: One Hundred Percent of Jews in Albania Rescued from Holocaust. The book features an Albanian and Israeli flag on the cover. Van Christo, the Albanian president of the Frosina Foundation, has used the book for fund raising purposes to obtain money for the separatist campaign in Kosovo. Lobby money can buy you a lot of lies. That is the American way. And Sarner knows that.
In this propaganda tract, Sarner says nothing about the 21st SS Division Skanderbeg, made up primarily of Kosovar Muslim recruits, nothing about the genocide committed by Albanians against the Serbian and Jewish populations of Kosovo, and the genocide in Bosnia-Hercegovina, and Croatia. He says nothing about the destruction of Serbian Orthodox churches and cathedrals in Kosovo. He says nothing about the murder of Serbian Orthodox priests. Is it ignorance? It is willful ignorance. He suppresses and deletes anything negative about Albania and Albanians. A fundamental aspect of propaganda is that it is one-sided, subjective, and tells only half the story. Under this definition, Rescue in Albania is pure propaganda.
In October, 1997, the Albanian American Civic League (AACL, Lobbi Shqiptar), headed by Joe DioGuardi, began a systematic campaign to use the book by Sarner as a propaganda tool in the upcoming Kosovo separatist/terrorist war. DioGuardi lost his re-nomination bid in 1988 for Congress. Rejected by US voters, DioGuardi turned his efforts to the Muslim Kosovars, representing the citizens of another country, Yugoslavia. The AACL had been founded in 1989 by DioGuardi to revive the Greater Albania ideology established by the 1878 First League of Prizren. In 1943, Nazi Germany re-established the dormant Greater Albania ideology or program by establishing the Second League of Prizren under Xhafer Deva.
DioGuardis agenda for the AACL is stated as follows: to liberate the seven million Albanian people in the Balkans from hostile Slavic domination. This is an echo of Hitlers statements regarding the Sudeten Germans in 1938. It is nothing less than a racist, neo-fascist and neo-Nazi ideology and campaign of expansion, to create a Greater Albania. The AACL requested that Thomas Lantos and Benjamin Gilman write a Forward to Rescue in Albania. The League distributed 10,000 copies, mostly to influential Jews in the US as propaganda for the coming separatist conflict in Kosovo-Metohija. Congressman Gilman and James Traficant then sent copies of the book with personal letters to each Jewish member of Congress with a Dear Colleague letter to other House members.
U.S. Representative James Traficant, D-Ohio, was later found guilty on bribery and corruption charges. A House panel voted to expel Traficant in 2002 from the US Congress. This shows that the Albanian apologists will say and do anything to support Greater Albania, even break the law. It shows that you can buy anything with a bribe. Money can buy a lot of lies. And this is the real danger of all propaganda. Anyone with any money can falsify the facts and manipulate others to kill. Bribes can buy a lot of propaganda, or PR or spin. And the goal is to get people to kill other people and to take their land. Wars come and go, but propaganda methods do not change.
Sarner begins his book on the Holocaust with a discussion of Greater Albania, "The Four Vilayets under Ottoman Turkey: Janina, Shkodra, Kosovo, and Manastir. This is merely a parroting of the Greater Albania ideology. Sam Vaknin, in The Myth of Greater Albania, October 18, 1999, in the Central Europe Review, argued the opposite view: Historically, there was never a Greater Albania to hark back to. But this is absolutely and patently incorrect and false. Vaknin conveniently and inexplicably suppresses and deleted any mention of the 1878 Albanian League of Prizren, whose sole raison detre was to create a Greater Albania. In 1943, the Nazis sponsored the creation of a Second League of Prizren, whose goal again, was to create a Greater Albania. The Kosovar Albanian Muslim Skanderbeg Nazi SS Division was created to establish a Greater Albania. In fact, from 1941 to 1944, there was a Greater Albania which Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini created. Vaknin seems to have amnesia on this point. He apparently has deleted the period 1941 to 1944 from his memory. This is convenient for his argument. Four years in the history of Kosovo and Albania are erased from the history books. It is as if the period 1941 to 1944 never even existed. The supporters of Greater Albania and the creation of an independent Kosova are in serious denial and self-repression. Why? They dont want to admit to themselves, or anyone else, that Adolf Hitler devised and developed the Greater Albania and independent Kosova policies long before they did. Adolf Hitler was there first. Hitler was prescient and way ahead of the curve on Kosovo. And this is why there is denial, amnesia, and psychological self-repression. The result is a falsification of history.
There was a Greater Albania to hark back to, and Sarner does an excellent job in re-creating the Greater Albania ideology. Greater Albania may be a myth to Vaknin, but it is not a myth to Albanians but the primary focus of their national being and identity. Greater Albania is a hard factual reality for Albanians. Vaknin makes a semantic distinction that is irrelevant and meaningless. When Kosovo is 100% ethnically pure Albanian and all the Kosovo Serbs and Roma and Jews have been killed or driven out and Serbian Orthodox churches destroyed, the border between Old Albania and New Albania, i.e., Kosovo will be meaningless. Kosova will just be a second Albanian state and the distinction between Albania proper and Kosovo will be moot. Kosova will, for all intents and purposes, and in a practical sense, be part of a Greater Albania. Vaknins argument is specious and totally wrong.
This discussion of a Greater Albania is just recycled by Sarner from handouts his Albanian minders provided to him. There is no question that Sarner has been provided Albanian handlers to help him with his facts. What Sarner was not told is that these so-called Albanian Vilayets have non-Albanian majorities and were never part of Albania. This is the myth of Greater Albania. Janina is in northern Greece and has never been part of Albania. The population is majority Greek. There is a small Albanian minority in that former Ottoman Turkish vilayet. Manastir, or Bitola today, is in southern Macedonia which is majority Macedonian with a minuscule Albanian population. It was never part of Albania. Shkodra is the territory around southern Montenegro. Montenegro has a minority Albanian population and has never been part of Albania. Kosovo-Metohija is the cradle of the Serbian Orthodox church and of Serbian culture. The towns, cities, and villages all have Serbian names from the medieval period when it was part of Serbia. The oldest Serbian Orthodox churches are located in Kosovo. Albanian settlement and colonization during the Ottoman Turkish period could not erase its Serbian heritage. Moreover, Kosovo-Metohija was never a part of Albania. In fact, there had never been an Albanian state until 1912. But Sarner is silent about all of this.
There are many factual errors and mistakes showing Sarners total and complete ignorance of the actual Holocaust history of Albania. He referred to General Futzstun, the Gestapo chief There was no such person named Futzstun. In fact, this was SS Brigadefuehrer Jozef Fitzhum (1896-1945), who was the Higher SS and Police Leader (Hoherer SS und Polizeifuehrer, HSSPF) in Albania. Fitzhum was responsible for internal security, the war against the resistance or guerrillas, and the implementation of the Final Solution. He assumed control in Albania after German forces occupied Albania following the surrender of Italy in September, 1943. He had been the police chief in Vienna from 1938 to 1940. Fitzhum created the 21st SS Division Skanderbeg with Xhafer Deva, made up mostly of Kosovar Muslim Albanians. As noted by Raul Hilberg in The Destruction of the European Jews (1961), Skanderbeg played a major role in the Holocaust, rounding up the Jews in Greater Albania who were subsequently sent to Bergen-Belsen where they were killed.
Sarner sought to make a distinction between Albania proper and Kosovo. He defined Kosovo as part of the annexed territories. But this is a bit of a ruse and a phony scam. Kosovo was made a part of Albania in 1941. Kosovo was called the New Albania. The Interior Minister of Albania was a Kosovan or Kosovar Albanian Muslim, Xhafer Deva. Deva was one of the most influential Albanians in the Albanian Government. And he was from Kosovo. Sarner seeks to obfuscate this obvious fact by creating a spurious and meaningless distinction.
Sarner admitted that Jews in Kosovo were being sent to the concentration camps where they were killed: All around them in the annexed territories, Jews were being transported to the death camps. He admits that Kosovo Jews were being killed. He doesnt admit that it was the Albanians who rounded up the Jews so that they could be killed. Why the omission? He is writing propaganda. He seeks to falsify the Albanian role in the Holocaust.
He grossly exaggerated the uniqueness of the rescue of Jews in Albania: In Athens, the Jews refused to supply a list and there was a 50% survival rate. He is factually wrong. In fact, the survival rate was 66% in Athens for Jews. Athens, like Albania, was in the Italian occupation zone. This explains why the Jews were rescued, not because of Albanian actions. It would be analogous to a cheerleader claiming credit for a win of the football team. In short, the Albanians had nothing to do with the so-called rescue. This is giving the Albanians credit for something that they were not responsible for. It is a falsification of history. It is out and out propaganda.
By contrast, in Bulgaria, an estimated 50,000 Bulgarian Jews were rescued. But Bulgarians did allow the Jews of Macedonia and Thrace, then a part of a Greater Bulgaria, to be deported and killed by German forces. Sarner harped on the propaganda statement that there were more Jews in Albania after World War II than before it. But this is misleading. There were only 200 Jews in all of Albania proper during the war. These Albanian Jews were rescued because the Italian occupation forces did not support the German Final Solution. Because of this fact, Jews in Eastern Europe all fled to Italian zones of occupation to escape German incarceration and deportation. The Italians also rescued Serbs from genocidal attacks by Croatian Ustasha forces, Bosnian Muslims, and Kosovar Albanian Muslims. Albania was part of the route to then Palestine, containing several ports. Jewish refugees passed through Albania because it was on the way to Palestine, not because of an Albanian desire to rescue Jews. This is an absurd propaganda construction concocted by Sarner and his Albanian handlers .
Why this obsession and constant harping on the list? Sarner wrote his book when the Holocaust movie Schindlers List (1993) was released. He wants to make the connection very easy to follow for his readers. He doesnt want to complicate things for them too much. Oskar Schindler did not divulge a list of Jews to the Nazis, and the Albanians did not divulge a list to the Nazis. It is very easy and simple to follow. Oskar Schindler was a Righteous Gentile, as were the Albanian Christians and Muslims who rescued Jews. This explains why there is an overemphasis on the list.
Sarner does not examine World War II at any length. Although his subject matter is purportedly on World War II and the Holocaust, there is very little on the Holocaust itself. He finally gets around to discussing the Holocaust period in Chapter 7, which he titled The Germans. Most of the book is on Jewish settlement in Albania and the 1930s period when Jewish-American Herman Bernstein was the US Ambassador to Albania. There is almost no account of the Holocaust and World War II. Why is this? This is because Sarner does not want to elucidate, but obfuscate. He wants to cover-up, not reveal.
He starts off with an incorrect assertion: The fact is that the Albanian Government and people did not cooperate with the Germans... According to Sarner, Xhafer Deva, the Kosovar Muslim Interior Minister denied the list of Jews to the German forces on page 43. He offers no evidence for these statements. Factually, the Albanian Government and people did cooperate with the Germans. Indeed, Deva helped to organize the Nazi 21st Waffen SS Division Skanderbeg. Moreover, there was an Albanian Muslim Battalion of about 300 men in the Bosnian Muslim 13th Waffen Gebirgs Division der SS Handschar/Handzar. Rudi Sommerer was the commander of the Albanian Battalion in the Handzar Nazi SS Division. Kosovar Albanian Muslim Nazir Hodic was a prominent member of the Albanian Battalion in Handzar. This Albanian Battalion would later form the core of the Skanderbeg Nazi SS Division. The SS designed special gray skull caps for the Albanian Nazi SS troops. The Albanian Skanderbeg SS Division also had its own symbol created by the SS and worn as a collar patch, a goats head helmet supposedly modeled on the one worn by Skanderbeg himself. Sarner doesnt even discuss the Balli Kombetar (BK), an ultra-nationalist group committed to creating a Greater Albania that would include Kosovo. Sarner says nothing about the known and widespread collaboration of the Balli Kombetar with the Italian and German occupation forces.
Sarner maintained that in 1943, the German occupation forces made a request for a list of Jews living in Greater Albania. The Germans established an Albanian national committee that created the Regency that governed Greater Albania. In the spring of 1944, the Nazis asked the Regency for the list of Jews according to Sarner. The real reason the Jews in Albania proper were not rounded up and deported was because under Italian occupation they had dispersed and were difficult to concentrate. German forces and Albanian collaborators made an effort to kill all the Jews of Greater Albania, but the German forces had to withdraw from Albania and the war ended before this could be accomplished. But in Kosovo-Metohija, then part of a Greater Albania, and Xhafer Devas birthplace, Albanians did round up all the known Jews, who were subsequently sent to the death camps and killed. The reference to the list is a smokescreen and Sarner is a pettifogger.
The reason there was a rescue in Albania was because the Italian government did not support the Final Solution and prevented its implementation. The German anti-Jewish policy was termed the German disease by the Italians.
Albanians, however, did play a major role in the Holocaust, the mass killings of Albanian Jews. Sarner plays dumb. All anyone has to do is to check Raul Hilbergs seminal Holocaust book, The Destruction of the European Jews from 1961, to learn that Albanians played a key and fundamental role in the Holocaust. Sarner calls Kosovo a part of The Annexed Territories. He doesnt reveal that Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini created a Greater Albania. He doesnt tell us that Kosovo-Metohija, parts of Montenegro, southern Serbia, and western Macedonia were all parts of a Greater Albania. Why? This is the exact same goal today of US foreign policy and of NATO. It is Adolf Hitlers vision. But today, Hitlers vision is taken up and revived by the US and NATO and Joe DioGuardi and Thomas Lantos. But Hitler did it first. But of course, Sarner is unaware of all this. His is a blissful ignorance. He does concede that Kosovo was made part of Albania: In April, 1941 Kosovo was annexed to Albania
Here is what Sarner says about Kosovo: The Jews in the annexed area were not as fortunate as the Jews in Albania proper. Life in the annexed territories was not as secure and there were unfortunate incidents of Jews being abused by the local people. So he does grudgingly admit that Albanians did participate in the anti-Semitic outrages against the Jewish population, although he does not use the word Kosovar Muslim or Albanian but refers to the local people.
There was a Jewish family that was killed in Albania. The Jewish family Ardel was killed by the Nazis in Albania, but Sarner qualifies this as being a family of partisans. They were killed not because they were Jewish, but because they were partisans.
What about the Balli Kombetar (BK, National Front in Shqip), which emerged after October, 1942 in Vlora, a BK stronghold, where it was founded by Midhat Frasheri? Why does Sarner omit any discussion of the BK? Was the BK an anti-Nazi resistance movement? Was the BK a Nazi/fascist collaborationist group? Sarner suppresses and covers up any information on the BK.
Bernd Jurgen Fischer, the foremost US historian on Albania during the Holocaust, a professor of history at the Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis---Fort Wayne, explained the role of the BK as follows: Much of the Balli Kombetar, which had remained aloof, was finally convinced to throw in its lot with the Germans. Fischer noted that three members of the BK joined the Rexhep Mitrovica cabinet in January, 1944. Mitrovica was a Kosovar or Kosovan Albanian. Mitrovica was the Prime Minister in the Nazi-created Greater Albania regime, later replaced by the Zogist Fikri Dine. Xhafer Deva, a Kosovar Muslim, was the interior minister under the Nazi regime. Thus, the two highest positions, the prime minister and interior minister of Greater Albania, were held by Kosovars from Kosovo. Kosovo Albanian Muslims ran Greater Albania.
The collaboration of the Balli Kombetar with the Nazi and fascist forces is well-documented and well established. According to Fischer, elements of the Balli Kombetar supported the Germans. Fischer offered conclusive historical evidence and documentation that the Balli Kombetar, although opportunistic, concerned with gaining power, and forcefully annexing Kosova to a Greater Albania, was a Nazi/fascist collaborationist group. In February, 1944, British liaison officers reported that it was difficult for the partisans and resistance groups to attack the German forces because they were being screened by elements of the Balli Kombetar and that these forces had become a normal part of any German force. Bill Stone, in a review of Bernd Fischers book Albania at War, 1939-1945, wrote: The National Front, however, fragmented completely and for the most part its local leaders chose to cease their already limited resistance activities and collaborate with the occupiers. This is conclusive proof that the BK was a Nazi/fascist grouping. Fischer leaves no doubt about the role of the BK during the Holocaust. This is why Sarner deletes and covers up any mention of the BK.
Another prominent Kosovar Albanian Muslim, Bedri Pejani, was appointed to committee the Nazi occupation authorities established to rule the Nazi-created Greater Albania. Pejani announced a plan to create a Greater Islamic State consisting of Albania, Bosnia-Hercegovina, and the Sandzak/Rashka region of Serbia. The plan was presented to the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el Husseini, who approved of the Pejani plan because it was seen as being in the interests of Islam. The German government, however, opposed the plan. The German occupation regime sought to gain the support of the Albanians by creating a Greater Albania which would include Kosovo. The German occupation officials emphasized that their policy in Kosovo, the new Albania, was to annex the province permanently to Albania proper, the Old Albania. The Germans sought to convince the Albanians that German foreign policy would achieve the annexation of Kosova to Old Albania. The German occupation forces, like the US and NATO and the EU would later do, sought to win over the Albanian population by bestowing on them land that did not belong to them, by giving away Serbian territory to gain the support of Albanian proxies. This resulted in Albanians flocking to the Nazi cause.
In The Myth of Greater Albania, Sam Vaknin argued that in Albania proper, three anti-fascist resistance movements- Balli Kombetar (the National Front) fought against the occupiers. This is patently and obviously incorrect and constitutes a falsification of the history of the BK. It also whitewashes the BK. Factually, the BK was a Nazi/fascist collaborationist movement, not an anti-fascist resistance movement. The Federal Research Division of the U.S. Library of Congress published Albania: A Country Study in which the Nazi/fascist collaborationist role of the BK was explained as follows:
Some Balli Kombetar units cooperated with the Germans against the communists, and several Balli Kombetar leaders held positions in the German-sponsored regime. Albanian collaborators, especially the Skanderbeg SS Division, also expelled and killed Serbs living in Kosovo. The nationalistic Geg chieftains and the Tosk landowners often came to terms with the Italians, and later the Germans .
Why the ignorance? Why does Bernd Jurgen Fischer and the Federal Research Division of the U.S. Library of Congress know the role of the BK but other experts do not? Clearly, the goal here is to create PR and propaganda for the creation of a Greater Albania including Kosovo, or the practical equivalent, an independent Kosova. To reveal the factual history of the BK would not help in the creation of an independent Kosova. The whole game here is to conceal the fact that Adolf Hitler was the original sponsor of an independent Kosova, part of a Greater Albania. Logically speaking, it would not help in the creation of an independent Kosova if it was revealed that the BK was a Nazi/fascist group that also sought the same thing, but with Adolf Hitlers help, instead of Bill Clintons. The syllogism would not work.
Sarner incorrectly implied that Albania escaped all the horrors of the Final Solution and Holocaust. But this is not true. Albania too experienced the Holocaust. The German occupation forces imposed anti-Jewish laws in Kosovo. Kosovo Jews wore J for Juden or Jew. Kosovo Jews wore white armbands with the word Jude in black letters. ID cards were stamped with a red J. Josef Fitzhum was determined to carry out the Final Solution in Albania. Fitzhum ordered the Jews of Vlora deported. And at least one Jewish family was killed.
Sarner finally got around to admitting that Albanians played an active and major role in the Holocaust: In Prishtina, capital city of the annexed territories, the local authorities complied with German demands and jailed 60 Jewish men.
The Albanian Government played an active role in the Holocaust. On April 1, 1942, the Albanian Minister of the Interior gave instructions to the Albanian Prefect of Police that Jews who came after the war started should be gathered on a field of concentration. On March 20, 1942, he had ordered that the Jews be imprisoned and a list of Jews provided. In Note C, The Fields of Concentration, Sarner conceded that this euphemistic language meant a concentration camp: This was the name given to what were otherwise known as concentration camps. These were camps for civilians and their populations were mainly Jews .The camps were surrounded by barbed wire .It was an ugly place. This is a very roundabout and disingenuous and dishonest way to admit that the Albanian Government set up concentration camps for Jews in Albania. It is artful spin and propaganda. But it is also a malicious attempt at falsifying history. Sarner is rewriting history, creating a phony and bogus history.
Sarner even finally conceded that the Albanian Government and Albanian authorities took an active part in the extermination of European Jews: In June, 1943 the Albanian police chief suggested the jailing of certain Jews:
According to our investigation the Jews listed below are dangerous because they are propaganderizing [sic] against the Axis (Rome-Berlin) and they want to organize and hold meetings. We think these people should be taken away from here as soon as possible to one of the concentration fields, because their staying here could be dangerous to the regime.
To complete the circle, Sarner finally grudgingly admits that the Albanian Government and people played a major role in the Holocaust and Final Solution: In April, 1944, the Germans shipped 400 Jews from the annexed territories to Bergen-Belsen; 100 survived the war. Sarner then grudgingly admitted that the Albanians participated in the murder of at least 300 Albanian Jews, Jews who lived in Greater Albania.
Then Sarner creates a propaganda smokescreen by arguing absurdly that the Albanians only helped to kill only 40% of the Jewish population of Kosovo, then a part of Greater Albania: According to our report the survival rate in Kosove [sic] was sixty percent, which made it, relatively, one of the areas with the highest percentage of survival in occupied Europe. This is a patently absurd and nonsensical argument. It displays a bizarre moral calculus.
Finally, in Footnote 2, Sarner explained why he wrote the book and its ultimate purpose. The book was written essentially as a propaganda tract, a falsified history of the Holocaust, in order to garner support for the creation of a Greater Albania or independent Kosova. This is the method to Sarners madness. There almost always is some secret purpose, isnt there? These experts always have a hidden agenda that they peddle. Propaganda is, rarely, if ever random. Propaganda is meticulously coordinated and planned out. In propaganda, there is no such thing as an accident or something happening by chance. The book had a clear-cut goal and purpose all along. Propaganda is written for a specific purpose and goal. As Adolf Hitler himself noted, propaganda is not written for blasé young gentlemen, but to convince the masses, to persuade key groups, key target audiences. In this case, the target audience was powerful and influential establishment Jews in the US.
Sarner parrots the Albanian and US State Department policy on the Serbian province of Kosovo-Metohija as follows: The status of Kosova[sic], currently a part of Yugoslavia, is in contention today. Albanians favor either independence for Kosova or its being a part of Albania. The people of the area are ethnic Albanians. Of course, this statement too is incorrect and is patently absurd. The borders of Yugoslavia are recognized by the United Nations and by international law. Yugoslavia, as a sovereign nation, has a right and duty to safeguard and protect its own internationally recognized and legal borders. But Sarner knows all that. Propaganda is not written to be rational. As Hitler noted, propaganda appeals to the emotions and subjective and irrational nature of man. This is what Sarner is appealing to.
What is the Kosovo conflict all about? Edith Durham in The Burden of the Balkans, published in 1905, explained the Albanian goal in Kosovo succinctly and clearly:
The Christian the Albanian persecutes is the Slav Christian, and this is the old, old race hatred. Of all the passions that sway human fortunes, race hatred is, perhaps, the strongest and the most lasting.
The Kosovo conflict is all about race hatred, what we call racism today. It is all about finishing the job Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini started. It is called genocide and ethnic cleansing. This is the real goal. This is why Sarner is falsifying the history.
Durham also argued that the Shqip or Albanian language is an Aryan tongue. The Nazi/fascist sponsors of Greater Albania in 1941 would also argue that the Albanians were part of the Aryan, or master race, a superior race.
In 1991, virtually the entire Jewish population of Albania left for Israel. The Jews were airlifted to Israel after the collapse of the Communist regime. Albania under the Communist regime of Enver Hoxha maintained no diplomatic relations with Israel. Hoxha abolished religion and created an atheistic state in Albania. Today, there are less than 40 Jews in all of Albania. They live in the capital Tirana. In Kosovo, the small Jewish population was ethnically cleansed out of Kosovo in 1999 along with Kosovo Serbs and other non-Albanians after NATO troops occupied the Serbian province. The Kosovo Jews fled to Belgrade. There are no more Jews living in Kosovo today, which is under NATO military occupation.
Durham, Edith. The Burden of the Balkans. London: Edward Arnold, 1905.
Fischer, Bernd Jurgen. Albania at War, 1939-1944. W. Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 1999.
---King Zog and the Struggle for Stability in Albania. Boulder: East European Monographs, 1984.
---The Jews in Albania during the Zogist and Second World War Period. Illyria. Albanische Studenten in Hamburg. Deutschland.
---The Germans in Albania during the Second World War and After. Lecture held on November 28th, 2003---Albanian Flag Day---in Hamburg. Illyria. Albanische Studenten in Hamburg. Deutschland.
Hilberg, Raul. The Destruction of the European Jews. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, Inc., 1961.
Kohen, Anna. Remembering Albanias Protection of the Jews during the Holocaust. May 2, 1997. Frosina Information Network: An Albanian Immigrant & Cultural Resource. Boston, MA.
Kotani, Apostol. The Hebrews in Albania during Centuries. Tirana, Albania: n.p., n.d.
Sarner, Harvey. Rescue in Albania. Cathedral City, CA: Brunswick Press, 1997.
---The Jews of Albania. Cathedral City, CA: Brunswick Press, 1992.
Vaknin, Sam. The Myth of Greater Albania. Central Europe Review. October 18, 1999.
(Liberal is Politically Correct name for Communist)
Some biographic info on Carl Gustav Sauberzweig
Karl Gustav Sauberzweig born on 1 September 1899 in Wissek Kreis Wirstiz Bezirk Bromberg, West Prussia. His father, Joachim Sauberzweig, was a doctor. Like many German youths, he longing to join with Kaiser army and got his chances when on 28 September 1916 the army received him within theirs ranks. Started as a Fahnenjunker, he ended the First World War in as a leutnant.
A veteran of the First World War and Reichswehr, Leutnant Sauberzweig held several instructor and staff positions during the inter-war period before becoming Ib at XI Korps in the Summer of 1936 and promoted to Major the following Autumn. He was holding the same post at XVII Korps when war broke out in September 1939, but was transferred to the Formation Detachment of the General Staff at OKH after the successful conclusion of Fall Weiss. He returned to operational duties as Ia at XI Korps and served in France where he was wounded at Dunkirk.
Shortly before Barbarossa was launched in June 1941, Sauberzweig had been appointed to take up command of 466th Infantry Regiment (257th Inf. Div.), which fought in most of H. Gr. Süd. During one of battles in Ukraine, Sauberzweig was again injured. This time by granite chips in his eyes, causing him to lose the sight in his right eye. After hospitalized for some time, he returned to duty at the beginning of October as commander of 306th Infantry Regiment. Part of 211th Inf. Div, on occupation duty in France, it would appear that he relinquished command at around the same time as they were sent to reinforce H. Gr. Nord during the Winter of 1941/42 and held a number of Instructor and training posts, as well as being promoted to Oberst, until May when he took charge of 131st Infantry Ersatz Regiment in Brünn. He held this post until November, when he returned to the staff of OKH as C.o.S. at the Inspectorate of Formations Staffs.
At the beginning of August 1943 he was transferred to the Waffen-SS as an Oberführer (Senior Colonel, a rank unique to the SS) and, a few days later, took over command of the Handzar Division from Herbert von Obwurzer. The division, which was training in southern France, mutinied soon after his arrival and several German officers and NCO were reportedly killed, as were a number of the mutineers when order was restored. Despite its rebellious nature they continued their training and moved to Silesia during September/October, where their commander was promoted to SS-Brigadeführer, and Austria (December) before being sent against Titos partisans in Yugoslavia as part of 2nd Panzerarmee, Heersgruppe F in February 1944.
During his stay with the division in Bosnia, Sauberzweig tried to create a peaceful existence between the local peoples. Unfortunately, his plans didnt suit with his Moslem soldiers nature that eager to exterminate theirs Christian neighbors. Thus, the Moslem recruits seemed to spend more time massacring Christian civilians than risking getting shot at by the resistance.
On June 1944, Sauberzweig handed over the command of the Handzar to Desiderius Hampel. He then took command of the newly created IX SS Kroatische Gerbiskorps, responsible for control of two Bosnian SS divisions - Handzar and the newly created Kama - operations in the Balkans and was promoted to Gruppenführer shortly afterwards. However, Sauberzweig was quickly falling-out with the Reichsführer-SS when he told Himmler to dissolved the Bosnian formations after many Moslems soldiers deserted to Partisan ranks. Furiously with the suggestion, which could endanger his Moslem pet project, Himmler replaced him by Karl Pfeffer- Wildenbruch when the Corps was sent north to oppose the Soviet drive into Hungary in mid-December.
After a short spell in hospital, Sauberzweig transfered back to the Heer in mid-January as a Generalleutnant and served on the Staff of Heeresgrupe H until the last days of the war when he is reported to have led an ad-hoc Korps. Sauberzweig surrendered to British, which send him to Neuengamme prison camp. However, when he heard that partisans wanted his extradition, Sauberzweig committed suicide by swallowed poison on 20 October 1946 (presumably was given by a symphaetic English officer).
"DioGuardi lost his re-nomination bid in 1988 for Congress."
DioGuardi was a pro-life Catholic Republican Congressman from my district in Westchester. He's a solid conservative and lost his re-election to liberal Democrat Nita Lowey.
Bookmark. Thank you.
"History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon."
Or simply; "history is lies agreed upon."
For example: Raise your hand if you're a member of an ethnic group who set up concentration camps in the 1990's.
Ok, then. You can put your hand down now DTA. Time to deal with that, not wasting your time with 60 year old rationalizations for it.
Nice Nazi revisionist try. Croats, Bosnian Muslims and Kosovo Albanians, who jointly have murdered hundreds of thousands of Serbs and over 40,000 Jews in WWII have established Concentration camps in the heart of Europe, 45 years after Nazism was defeated. Jews fled from Sarajevo to escape WWII fate (Sarajevo was the first JUDENREIN city in Europe)and Kosovo became JUDENREIN.
Nazi legacy is not history, it is current events.
If Germans have attempted to do something similar, they would probably be nuked by now. But Hitler' Balkan allies got worldwide support.
As of raising of the hand, this salute belongs to you, not me.
Whatever you may think, you don't get to skip them whenever you feel the need to list war crimes in the Balkans.
And you might want to make a note of the fact that the victimhood capital you're waving around here has already been squandered, courtesy of those places I've listed above.
"Jewish interests" ping.
You and moon bat Mark never tire of shilling for the Islamic cause. Islamic Jihad loves it's useful idiots in the West.
The term "useful idiots" has been attributed to Lenin, as a description of those mindless people in the Western democracies who would always find ways to excuse whatever the Soviet Union did. -Thomas Sowell
We're just not willing to let our Serbian friends here on FR try to misrepresent their cousin's little ethno-bigotry driven mass murder campaigns as being in any way in concert with American interests, or being justified through whatever the latest lie or logical gyration du jour is, as on this thread.
Insisting on Omarska, Keraterm, Trnopolje, Susica, Foca while being blind, deaf and mute about more than 150 concentration camps set up in Bosnia by Croats and Muslims, being silent about 70,000 strong armed Muslim Patriotic League plans to wreak havoc on Serbs and ignoring the fact that it was Bosnian Muslims who started armed hostilities in Bosnia is comparable to calling Gitmo concentration camp while avoiding to mention 9-11.
Discounting the living history of Croatian and Muslim Nazi genocide of Serbs in WWII and subsequent cvontinuation of this policy in the 1990s as ancient history is paramount to discounting The Holocaust as something that happened in the past and supporting Islamic radicals in their desire to destroy Israel.
There is a name for it.
And don't get all stupid trying to shift the blame for who started the war in Bosnia - I'll remind you that even after the Serbs started their ethnic cleansing campaign in April of '92, Izetbegovic was placing his trust in the JNA to provide protection and security for Bosnia's non-Serb citizens, and he was in the Croat's bad graces for doing nothing when the Serbs cleansed their way across a swathe of Southern Herzegovina in '91 on their way to Dubrovnik.
Allow me to jog your memory with some words from Radovan Karadzic, spoken in October of '91:
You want to take Bosnia-Herzegovina down the same highway of hell and suffering that Slovenia and Croatia are travelling. Do not think that you will not lead Bosnia-Herzegovina into hell, and do not think that you will not perhaps make the Muslim people disappear, because the Muslims cannot defend themselves if there is war - How will you prevent everyone from being killed in Bosnia-Herzegovina?
In light of your idiotic contention that it was the Muslims who were preparing for and instigated the war, what is Radovan talking about with his: "because the Muslims cannot defend themselves if there is war"?
Your major malfunction, DTA, is that you're operating under the presumption that everybody else is stupid enough to let you lie like a rug and not call you on it.
While your countrymen may be willing to let the wool be pulled over their eyes, rest assured, DTA, that not everybody is, and I can point to two different NATO bombing campaigns to back that up, and those, my little self deluded friend, are reality checks that you continue to ignore at your peril.
In other words, there was no need for the Bosnian civil war.
On April 8, 1992, spurred on by the US government, there was a declaration of war by the Bosnian Muslim faction. The civil war in Bosnia then started.
Milosevic asked Morillon: Did the Serbs kill anyone in that period? Do you have a single example that you could mention? Morillon said that he did not know. There were rumours at the time that he heard about. Morillon conceded, however, that the civil war started in Bosnia with attacks against the Yugoslav National Army (JNA) by the Bosnian Muslim faction.
When did the real siege of Sarajevo start? Morillon replied: I believe this was on the 2nd of May, 1992, after the command and recruits of the JNA were surrounded in the Marshal Tito barracks and the JNA attempted to pull out. First the JNA was placed under siege and then the siege of Sarajevo was actually in response to that.
Milsoevic queried Morillon: Is that right, General? Morillon: Initially, yes The siege of Sarajevo was a provoked reaction.
The first attack in Sarajevo occurred when Bosnian Muslim troops killed Yugoslav National Army (JNA) soldiers who were withdrawing from the city following an agreement to do so. The Bosnian Muslim forces attacked a JNA military column in Dobrovoljacka Street in Sarajevo as it was withdrawing. Several JNA soldiers were brutally murdered and their bodies burned and mutilated in these attacks. Their blackened, disfigured, and charred bodies lined the streets.
They had been ambushed and murdered for no other reason than because they were ethnic Serbs and Orthodox Christians. There had been an agreement for the withdrawal of the troops, which agreement the Muslim faction violated. This was a cold-blooded, premeditated massacre or provocative murder of JNA solders who were withdrawing to Yugoslavia.
It was a criminal act, it was murder. But the US government and media never condemned this Muslim crime, this Muslim massacre of Serbs. The so-called Western media did not even cover it. Milosevic asked Morillon: Do you remember that? Morillon replied: Yes there was a massacre.
note Hoplites comment Izetbegovic was placing his trust in the JNA to provide protection and security for Bosnia's non-Serb citizens
The only thing you remind us over and over again is how Muslim shills brazenly falsify the historical facts in order to present Muslim side as innocent victims.
Posusje, Bosnia and Herzegovina: HOS (Croatian forces from Croatia) have ambushed and murdered JNA NCO. Bosnia is part of Yugoslavia, JNA is regular Army and HOS is foreign army on Yugoslav soil.
Muslim Patriotic league has ambushed and murdered JNA lieutenant near Ljubace army depot, Tuzla municipality. JNA is regular Army, Patriotic league is terrorist organisation.
Muslim Patriotic league has ambushed and murdered JNA NCO in Sapna, Zvornik municipality, Bosnia and Herzegovina. BiH is part of Yugoslavia and JNA is regular army in BiH. Patriotic league is terrorist organisation.
October 01 1991; Army of Republic of Croatia has made an incursion into Bosnia and Hergegovina (then part of Yugoslavia) and murdered 14 soldiers of JNA in Ravno village, trebinje municipality. JNA is regular Army in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Attacked Army unit was under command of Colonel who was a Muslim.
March 02 1992: the first hate crime murder in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A Muslim Ramiz Delalic Celo killed in a wedding procession in the old town of Sarajevo the bridesgroom's father Nikola Gardovic, a Serb. This incident was used as pretext to start distribution of weapons to to Muslims. Also, it was a role model for copycat murder in Israel by Palestinian terrorists.
A mass liquidation of Sarajevo Serbs was planned for the ningt March 3/4 1992, When the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) Command in Sarajevo informed Izetbegovic that they knew about the plan, on the same evening Izetbegovic, Radovan Karadzic and General Kukanjac called on the population over television to maintain peace and order.
March 26, 1992. The forces of Republic of Croatia and Muslim Patriotic league have murdered more than 10 civilians. This is THE FIRST MASSACRE OF BOSNIAN CIVIL WAR
Joing Cro/Muslim forces have looted and torched village and took Serb civilians as prisoners.
Kupres, Bosnia and Herzegovina, early April 1992: Ten Serbs were killed in the village of Donji Malovan, and 92 imprisoned in a camp. Nine more Serbs were killed in Kupres suburbs. From April 4 to April 7, 1992, 21 Serbs were killed throughout Kupres, especially in the suburb of Kratez, in their homes or while trying to flee the besieged town. In a forest behind Mt. Crni Vrh, three Serbs from the village of Rilic were executed. A similar fate befell the Serbs from the neighboring village of Zanagline, and five of them were shot in the nearby forest. The eldest among them, Trailo Spremo, was 83. The village was torched. Three more members of the Spremo family were killed in the village of Botin. Between April 5 and April 7, 1992, 173 Serb civilians were taken from their homes, led camps in Western Herzegovina where they suffered horrible torture. Some of these people were later transferred to the Lora camp in Split, Croatia.
Before the alleged Serb ethic cleansing in Bosnia in April, the First individual Civilian victim of the Bosnian civil war was a Serb (Nikola Gardovic), the first massacre victims Were Serbs, the first inmates of Concentration camps were Serbs. The same crimes happenend in April 1941, the perps were the same and the victims were the same. It was no coicidence, Bosnian Muslim newsmagasine publicly announced the Arrival of the Fourth Reich and slaughering of Serbs. This is incitement to commit Genocide, as per ICTR Rwanda ruling.
Do I have to spell it for you?
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