Skip to comments.AMERICA AND THE SLAVE TRADE; THE PRINCE IN THE UNITED STATES-ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE NEW-YORK BALL (9/22/1860)
Posted on 09/22/2020 5:07:40 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
By the last American mail we have the reply of the President of the United States to the proposal submitted by Lord JOHN RUSSELL for putting an end to the Slave-trade, and we regret to learn that they do not, upon the whole, appear to meet the views of the American Government. Our readers will recollect that the Foreign Minister has expressed an opinion to the effect that three things must be done before this traffic can be suppressed. The first is to establish a more efficient system of cruising off the coasts of Cuba; the second is to establish a complete system of registration in that island, in accordance with the suggestion of the Spanish Government itself; and the third is to promote, under proper regulations, the emigration of Chinese Coolies to the West Indies and to America. President BUCHANAN does not appear to look with a favorable eye upon any one of these measures. With regard to the first, it is a curious coincidence that the President expresses an opinion which is almost identical with that now entertained by the Anti-Slavery Society, and to which we took occasion to refer the other day. "Whenever," he says, "Her Britannic Majesty's Government shall think it proper, in its discretion, to enforce the provisions of the treaty with Spain, referred to by Lord JOHN RUSSELL, by which the Spanish Crown undertook to abolish the Slave-trade, and accepted of a sum of £400,000 to enable it the more easily to do so, then, and not till then, in the President's opinion, will the African trade with the Island of Cuba be abolished. But with this," he adds, "the Government of the United States has no right to interfere."
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By 1817 the U.S. had outlawed the transport of slaves. It was especially active between Cuba and Florida. This caused the U.S. Navy then supporting Andrew Jackson in the Seminole War to board the Merino and two other vessels bound for Pensacola and then release nearly one hundred slaves. This sent a message to southern and Cuban slavers that it would not be easy to move slaves to the USA. However, the trade was so profitable it continued.
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