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Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 3/21/43 | Ray Brock, Drew Middleton, Camille M. Cianfarra, F. Tillman Durdin, Sidney Shalett

Posted on 03/21/2013 4:41:07 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson


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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: catholic; milhist; piusxii; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 03/21/2013 4:41:07 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Tunisia, 1942: Situation 22 April and Operations Since 26 February 1943
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Status of Forces and Allied Theater Boundaries, 2 July 1942
India-Burma, 1942: Allied Lines of Communication, 1942-1943
2 posted on 03/21/2013 4:41:42 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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Michael Korda, Ike: An American Hero

3 posted on 03/21/2013 4:42:37 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
The final reel of microfilm for March (21st to 31st) is the worst we have seen for a long time. It will get to the point where it is illegible in places by March 25. After March 28 it begins to improve and by the 31st the quality is good.

Red Army Pressed – 2-3
The Germans Say This is Hitler at the Russian Front (photo) – 2
Reich is Suppliant for Turkish Trade (Brock) – 3
War News Summarized – 3
Axis Reaction Seen (Middleton) – 4-5
U.S. Tanks Being Fitted to Fight Rommel (photo) – 4
U.S. Strength to Match R.A.F. in Bombing Nazis, Eaker Says – 5
S.S. City of Flint Sunk by Torpedo – 5-6
Hwajung Regained by Chinese Forces – 6
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 8-9

The News of the Week in Review
The Tunisian Battle Climax Nears (map) – 10
Tunisian Push – 11
Twenty News Questions – 12
Two Great Battles Dominate the Russian Front (map) – 13
Vatican Adheres to Its War Policy (Cianfarra) – 14
Japanese Bases Stud the Malay Barrier (map) – 15
Japanese Seem Ready to Try New Attacks (Durdin) – 15-16
Kiska Gets the Attention of Our Air Force (Shalett) – 17
Answers to Twenty News Questions – 17

4 posted on 03/21/2013 4:44:07 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Italians hold line against New Zealanders
Sunday, March 21, 1943

Italian troops dug in [photo at link].

In Tunisia... Italian forces hold the New Zealand Corps at the Tebaga Gap. The main attack on the Mareth Line, by British forces, in the morning has established a small force across the natural antitank obstacle of Wadi Zigzaou, but ground conditions prevent a further buildup.

5 posted on 03/21/2013 4:45:33 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

March 21st, 1943 (SUNDAY)

UNITED KINGDOM: Churchill broadcasts to the nation on his vision for Britain after the war, which strikes some listeners as surprisingly socialist.

GERMANY: U-483, U-929 laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)

Today is Heroes’ Memorial Day, (a holiday honoring German World War I dead), Maj. Gen. Henning von Tresckow has selected Col. Freiherr von Gersdorff to act as a suicide bomber at the Zeughaus Museum in Berlin, where Hitler is to attend the annual memorial dedication. With a bomb planted in each of his two coat pockets, Gersdorff is to sidle up to Hitler as he reviewed the memorials and ignite the bombs, taking the dictator out-along with himself and everyone in the immediate vicinity. Schlabrendorff supplied Gersdorff with bombs-each with a 10-minute fuse.

Once at the exhibition hall, Gersdorff was informed that the Fuhrer was to inspect the exhibits for only eight minutes-not enough time for the fuses to melt down.

BALTIC SEA: CO of U-957 was lost during a diving accident in the Baltic Sea. [Oberleutnant zur See Franz Saar]

INDIA: Sloop INS Godavari launched. (Dave Shirlaw)

AUSTRALIA: Minesweeper HMAS Gladstone commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

U.S.A.: Minesweeper USS Density laid down.
Submarine USS Cod launched.

Minesweepers USS Craig and Cruise launched.

Destroyers USS Owen and Erben launched.

Destroyer escort USS Frost launched.

(Dave Shirlaw)

ATLANTIC OCEAN: In the last three weeks at least 50 Allied merchant ships have been sunk by U-boats in the North Atlantic. Grand Admiral Dönitz, who has continued to direct the U-boat campaign since he succeeded Grand Admiral Raeder as the German naval commander-in-chief, has been concentrating on the full eastbound convoys. The U-boats strike in the mid-Atlantic gap which only very-long-range Allied aircraft can reach, and there are simply not enough of them

In the last few days this policy has led to one of the most devastating U-boat successes of the war. In the stormy seas, with winds up to gale force ten, the fast-moving HX-229 convoy caught up with the slow moving SC-122. Between them they presented a hug target, a small fleet of 90 merchant ships supported by 16 escorts.

Dönitz was given details of the convoy’s course by his intelligence service, and designated 38 U-boats to track them down. But the Germans were as hampered as the Allies by the bad weather. They found the convoys more by luck than by judgement, and for much of the time did not know if they were dealing with one convoy or two. By this morning 21 merchant ships had been sunk for the loss of one U-boat. But yesterday Allied Liberators arrived from Northern Ireland and Iceland and began pounding the U-boats. Many are believed to have been damaged, and Dönitz has called off his pack.
U-441, U-527 and U-631 were all attacked by Sunderland aircraft in the North Atlantic. All three U-boats suffered slight damage.

After sinking the steamer Mariso, U-518 took the first officer and the radio operator as prisoners.

U-608 had to return to base due to major technical difficulties.
U-516 sank SS Nortun.

U-518 sank SS Mariso.

U-81 sank SS Bourghieh and Mawahab Allah.

(Dave Shirlaw)

6 posted on 03/21/2013 4:47:07 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

March 21, 1943:

"This doll belonged to a child living in the Kraków (Poland) Ghetto.
The doll's owner, Zofia Burowska, recovered it after the war from non-Jews who saved it for her.
It was especially important to Zofia because it had been made specifically for her.
Toys such as this doll were often the only links Jewish children had to a normal childhood."

"Nazi Einsatzgruppen massacred most of the 350,000 Baltic Jews in 1941.
Beginning in late 1942, tens of thousands of Jews from other European countries were sent to forced-labor camps in Estonia."

7 posted on 03/21/2013 5:40:00 AM PDT by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Well, Homer, I just read this post and noticed there is not one article about homosexual rights or gay marriage. You sure this is the N Y Times I'm reading?
8 posted on 03/21/2013 7:25:56 AM PDT by Zuben Elgenubi
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To: Zuben Elgenubi

I have viewed microfilm of every issue of the NYT from January 1938 to May 18, 1943. I don’t recall seeing a single article devoted to homosexuality.

9 posted on 03/21/2013 7:35:11 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Well, the modern NY Times has a number of homo stories every day, recently focused on gay marriage. Today's story is titled "Young Opponents of Gay Marriage Undaunted by Battle Ahead".
10 posted on 03/21/2013 7:47:28 AM PDT by Zuben Elgenubi
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